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CATALOGUE 



OF 



ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS 



IX 



THE COLLECTION 



OF 



THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 



PART I. PHASMIDiE. 



BY 

JOHN OBADIAH WESTWOOD, F.L.S., M.EiS., &c. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 

1859. 




PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, 
RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



Hi 






INTRODUCTION. 



The object in preparing the present Catalogue has been to give at one view a description 
of all the species of Phasmid^e now in the British Museum Collection, and also a description 
of those species which are known to exist in other Collections, but which are at present 
desiderata in the Museum Collection, to enable travellers, collectors, and others to assist in 
completing the National Collection. 

The figures have been drawn and lithographed by the author, who has paid great attention, 
in preparing them, to the proportion which the joints of the limbs and the body bear to each 
other, which he believes to be one of the best characters for the distinction of species, and one 
which it is very difficult to express in a moderate space in a description. 

Mr. W. W. Saunders, and several other entomologists named in the text, have most kindly 
lent the specimens in their Collections to be compared with those in the British Museum, and 
with the figures which the author had made from specimens in Foreign Collections, to enable 
him to determine the species with greater precision. 

The species in the Britisli INIuseum are marked with B.INI. in the margin. 

JOHN EDWARD GRAY. 

British Museum, June 1, 1859. 



CATALOGUE 



OF 



ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Class INSECTA. 

Order ORTHOPTERA. 



Orthoptera, Olivier. 
Hemiptera, pars, Linnans. 
Hemiptera, Retzius. 
Dermaptera, De Geer. 
Ulonata, pars, Fahricius. 
Deratoptera, pars, ClairviUe. 



Section AMBULATORIA. 

This Section, comprising insects witli legs formed for 
slow motion, consists of the single 

Famih' PHASMID^, KirLy, Serville, G. R. Gray. 

Phasmodea, Burmeister. 

Phasmina, MacLeay. 

Spectra, LatreiUe. 

Phasma, Stoll, Lichtensteiyi, DeHaan. 

Prothorax small, not dilated into a shield covering the 
head. Legs formed for walking ; the fore pair not rapto- 
rial ; the hind pair not saltatorial ; tarsi 5-jointed. Abdo- 
men not forcipated at the tip. 

The Orthopterous insects distinguished by the preceding 
characters are popularly known under the names of Spectres, 
Walking-stick and Walking-leaf insects ; the two former 
names being given to them in allusion to the slender twig- 
like form of many of the species, and the latter to the leaf- 



like appearance of others, especially those of the genus 
PhyUium, which indeed in the living state so nearly re- 
semble the foliage of the plants on which they reside, as 
to be distinguished from them with difficulty ; a curious 
instance of which will be found noticed under PhyUium 
Scythe. 

The 5-jointed tarsi, longitudinally folded wings, when 
present, and abdomen not furnished with an apical pair of 
forceps, distinguish these insects from the cursorial Forji- 
culidte or Ear-wigs ; the small size of the prothorax, or 
segment immediately following the head, will at once sepa- 
rate these insects from the cursorial family Bluttidce or 
Cockroaches ; the simple fore legs from the raptorial Man- 
tidee ; and the hind legs, not formed for leaping, from the 
saltatorial GryllidcB, AchetidtB and Locustidce. 

The species are comparatively of large and often gigantic 
size ; they frequent the warmest portions of the globe, and 
the recent researches of assiduous collectors in different 
parts of the world, have satisfactorily proved that India 
and the islands of the Indian Archipelago constitute the 
metropolis of the group. Notwithstanding their large size 
(may we not, indeed, from analogy with the higher tribes of 
animals, rather say that, as a necessary dependence upon 
their large size ?), the insects of this family are harmless 
herbivorous creatures. 

The attention of modem entomologists to the great in- 
crease in the number of species of these insects preserved in 
our collections, was first aroused by the appearance of the 
elegant work on the Australian Phasmidse, published by 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Mr. G. R. Gray, and subsequently by the excellent Synopsis 
which he published of the entire group. 

The species are, however, far more numerous than has 
hitherto been supposed, as may be easily conceived from 
the fact, that notwithstanding the recent labours of G. R. 
Gray, Burmeister, De Haan and Serville respectively in 
England, Germany, Holland and France, I have been enabled 
in the present work nearly to double the number of known 
species. 

The chief specific characters exist in the relative pro- 
portions of the different parts of tlie body, and the form 
and position of the spines, lobes and tubercles vrith which 
their bodies and limbs are armed. In these respects there 
is a general amount of resemblance between the males 
and females, which allows us in certain instances to assume 
the specific identity between specimens of opposite sexes, 
the males being smaller, more slender, and furnished with 
longer legs and antennae ; whilst the females are larger, 
more robust, and have shorter limbs. In many cases also 
the females are entirely destitute of wings, or have them 
only partially developed, whilst they are of full size in the 
males. Many species, however, appear to be entirely desti- 
tute of wings in both sexes ; and it will at once be perceived, 
that this circumstance constitutes one of the chief difficulties 
in the investigation of the specific rank of the iutlividuals. 
The amount of development of the sexual appendages at 
the extremity of the body will, however, enable us in 
most instances to determine whether an insect be immature 
or arrived at its full growth. It is, however, very probable 
that some of the more obscure species described in the 
following pages may prove to be the immature states 
of other, perhaps still unknown species, or that they are 
the sexes of other insects regarded as distinct. As, more- 
over, we are imperfectly acquainted with so many of the 
species in consequence of possessing but unique specimens 
(of the opposite sexes of which we are therefore entirely 
ignorant), it will be perceived that equally great obstacles 
exist against our proposing a satisfactory generic distribu- 
tion of the family. The materials, in fact, which we possess 
are not sufficient to allow us to tabulate either the groups 
or the species ; and I think it right to mention these circum- 
stances as a reason for the omission of these very necessary 
additions to most modern monographs, which would other- 
wise be comparatively easy of formation. An instance of 
such difficulties will prove the impossibility, in our present 
limited knowledge of the family, of satisfactorily establish- 
ing the position of species known, as it were, only by halves. 
Of the large new species from the Feejee Islands, a consi- 
derable number of the apterous female specimens were first 
received. With no clue to the condition of the male, the 



only step was to place the insect amongst those which were 
known only as wingless species. The male, however, has 
since been received by the British INIuseum, and proves 
that the species belongs to the group which has winged 
males and apterous females. A tabulation of the species 
therefore, founded on the sujiposed apterous condition of 
the one in question, would have been an erroneous one. 

Like the TipuUdce and other long-legged insects, these 
species are liable to lose their legs, especially in an early 
stage of their existence ; but as successive moultings of the 
skin take place without any material alteration in the 
general form, the limbs are re-developed ; they are, how- 
ever, generally distinguished by being of a smaller size than 
the corresponding limbs on the opposite side of the body. 
This has been the case with the ty])ical specimen of Bacteria 
mexicana {Heteronemia mexicana, G. R. Gray), which has 
one of its hind legs thus abbreviated, the corresponding 
leg on the opposite side having been broken off. Hence 
Mr. G. R. Gray was led to believe that the insect was nor- 
mally furnished with small liind legs, and was thence led 
to form it into a spj)arate genus on that account. Several 
instances will be observed, on looking over the Plates of 
this work, in which a similar disproportion occurs in the 
size of the feet. Charpentier also describes an instance of 
this difference in the size of the legs in a specimen of 
Bacillus Rossii, as a most extraordinary fact. 

As the species of this family are often well distinguished 
from each other by the relative length of the different por- 
tions of the legs, a description of which could not without 
great detail be introduced into the specific descriptions, it 
may be allowed me to state, that in the accompanying 
engravings I have carefully measured the various parts of 
each leg, as well as the other parts of the body. I have 
also given detailed figures, under each species, of the struc- 
ture of the terminal segments of the body, containing the 
organs of generation, which, as has been long ago re- 
marked by the most profound entomologists, afford the 
most important specific characters. The six basal seg- 
ments of the abdomen are in general simple, whilst the 
three terminal ones are modified for the reception of the 
organs in question. In the male, these three joints, on the 
ventral side of the body, are shorter than the rest, and 
swollen ; whilst in the female, the seventh ventral segment 
is formed into a large, often boat-shaped, ovipositor or 
operculum, containing within it the other organs of gene- 
ration modified from the two terminal segments of the 
body, forming in a few instances long exserted styles or 
plates. In both sexes, also, the underside of the ninth 
dorsal segment is furnished with two generally filiform 
and very short setose styles, bui which in the Australian 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



species are greatly developed, forming two long flattened 
appendages. As the development of these three terminal 
segments is therefore more various in the species than that 
of the sis basal ones, I have thought it would be advan- 
tageous to give a separate measurement of the two portions 
of the abdomen. In the notice therefore of the length of 
the insect, that of the six basal segments is first given, and 
then that of the three terminal ones, with the total length, 
thus: abdom. lin. G + lin. 3=lin. 9. 

The presence or absence of ocelli has been used as a 
sectional character in the family, but, as it appears to me, 
too great an importance has been allowed to it ; instances 
vrill, in fact, be mentioned in the course of this work, in 
which not only closely allied species differ in the possession 
of ocelli, but also the opposite sexes of the same species ; 
and in one instance even specimens of the same sex equally 
disagree in this respect. 

Another character has also recently been employed as of 
generic importance — namely, the simple or furcate condition 
of the second or main vein in the costal area of the wings. 
I have, however, met with specimens in which the veins in 
this portion of the wings were so arranged that it was not 
possible to affirm whether the vein in question were furcate 
or not ; whilst other instances have occurred in which the 
vein was simple in one sex and furcate in the other. 

The admeasurements are made on the English scale of 
1 2 lines to the inch ; in cases where the measures are de- 
rived from other writers, they are given in the scales which 
they have employed. 

Another character hitherto unemployed in the determi- 
nation of the species of this family, has afforded me occa- 
sionally good distinctive peculiarities — namely, the relative 
size of the two divisions of which the upper surface of the 
metathorax is composed. This, of course, is modified by 
the size of the wings ; but still it is too useful to be neg- 
lected. 

Most of the recent writers upon this family have followed 
the primary divisions founded upon the presence or absence 
of wings, first suggested by Lichtenstcin. Latreille, how- 
ever, followed by Serville, adopted the presence or absence of 
membranous dilatations on the legs as a primary character ; 
the former author using the alary character in a secondary 
sense ; the latter, however, entirely ignores it as a means 
of tabulation, using the comparative lengths of the pro- and 
mesothorax as a means for separating the great mass of the 
species into two primary groups. Considering, as I do, 
the wings of Insects as their most essentially characteristic 
organs, as compared with all other Annulose animals, I 
shall not hesitate to follow the arrangements of Gray, Bur- 
meister and De Haan in this respect. 



Division 1 . APTEROPHASMINA. 
G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 12. 

Tegmina and wings wanting in both sexes when the 
insects are arrived at their full growth. 

Genus 1. BACILLUS. 

Bacillus, Latreille, Serville, De Haan. 

Bacillus, p., Burmeister. 

Bacillus et Linocerus, G. R. Gray. 

Body filiform ; thorax long ; the metathorax considerably 
elongated, glabrous. Legs long or of moderate length, simi)le 
or armed with small spines. Antennae very short, or at least 
not so long as the thorax, with few (scarcely ever more 
than twenty) joints, the basal joint often broad and flat. 
Tarsi of the fore legs with the basal joint elongated. 

1 . Bacillus Rossii. 

Filiformis ; viridis vel cinereo-fuscus ; subobsolete gra- 
nulatus, carinula dorsah ; pedibus filiforniibus angulato- 
striatis ; femoribus 4 posticis subtus tridentatis ; antennis 
1 3-23-articulatis. 

Long. Corp. unc. 3^. 

Bacillus Rossii, Lep. ^ Serv. Enc. Meth. x. 101. 

Serv. Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. 65; H. N. Orth. p. 25(j. 1. 

Brum, II. N.h.. 111. pi. 9. f. 2. fem. 

Burmeister, Handb. ii. a&\. 1. 

L. n. Fischer, Orth. Eur. p. I -10. pi. 8. f. 9, 10. 

Cuv. Reg. Anim. (ed. Crochard) Ins. pi. 79. f. 2. 
Phasma Rossia, Fabr. Ent. Syst. Siqjpl. p. 187. 4. 

Latr. H. N. xii. 104 ; Gen. Cr. 3. 88. 
Ph. Rossium, Charpentier, Horce Ent. p. 93. 
Mantis Rossia, Fabr. Ent. Syst. ii. 13. 4. 

Rossi, Faun. Etr. i. 2,59. 636. pi. 8. f. 1. fem. ; Man- 
tissa, i. 102 (ed. III. 322). 
Mantis filiformis, Petayna, Instil. Ent. i. 307 {non M. fili- 
formis, Fabr.). 

Cyrillo, Spec. Ent. Neap. pi. 5. f. 1. fem., t. 7. f. I . ni. 
Mantis plocaria, Lichtenstcin, Linn. Trans, vi. 1 1 . 
Plocaria domestica, Scopoli, Delic. Insubr. i. 60. t. 24. f. X. 
Spectrum Rossii, Lam/(. An. s. Vert. iv. 255. 
Bacillus Rossia, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 20. 

Hab. In Euro])a meridionali ; Andalusia; Italia; Dal- 
matia ; Grsecia ; Africa boreali. B.M. 

This species appears to be variable in some of its cha- 
racters. Fabricius describes it "femoribus subtus den- 
tatis ; " Latreille, " femoribus ante apicem infra uniden- 
tatis." Brulle figures all the femora as armed with from 
three to five spines. Charpentier says the fore legs are 
quite simple, and only the four hind ones spined. In a 
specimen iu the British Museum from Marseilles, ha-sing 
the thorax granulated and the antenna: 13-jointed, the 
fore femora are quite simple, the four hind ones have four 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



minute spines close to the tip, and the meso- and meta- 
thorax have an elevated longitudinal line. 



2. Bacillus Tripolitanus. 
Viridis ; antenuis 20-artieulatis ; femoribus niediis et pos- 
ticis subtus utrinque spiuulis 4 minutissiniis vix couspicuis 
armatis. 

Phasma (Bacteria) tripolitanum, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 101. 
An var. D. Rossiil 



Hah. In Tripoli. 



B.M. ? 



A specimen apparently of this species in the British 
Museum, from Sicily, has 23-jointed antennae, the fourth 
and three following joints extremely short, and all the fe- 
mora are armed beneath with four small black spines. 



.3. Bacillus granulatus. 

Fuscus vel viridis ; tuberculis numerosissimis instructus ; 
corpore longitudinaliter luiicarinato ; capite pallide nigro- 
liueato ; an tennis 12-articulatis ; abdomine thoraceque sub- 
tus cinereo-albicantibus; pedibus nigro-maculatis ; femori- 
bus 4 posticis subtus prope apicem bispiuosis ; tarsis apice 
nigricantibus. 

Long. Corp. 2" 8'" ; anten. 3'". 

Bacillus granulatus, BrulU, Exp. Sc. de Mor^e, Ent. p. 84. 
pi. 29. f. 6 ; Hist. Nat. Ins. ix. 110. pi. 9. f. 1. fem. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 20. 

Serv. n. N. Orth. 258. 
Phasma gallicum, Charpentier, Horce Ent. p. 94. 
Bacillus gallicus, Serv. Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. 05. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 20. 

Burmeister, Handb. ii. 561. 2. 

L. H. Fischer, Orth. Eur. p. 141 . pi. 8. f. 1 1, 1 1 a, h. 
Bacillus Rossius, Ramlmr, Faune de V Andal. p. 24 (cum 
a. Rossii conjuuctus). 

Hab. L) Morea; Andalusia ; Sicilia; Gallia meridionali; 
Grsecia ; Barbaria. 



4. Bacillus lobipes. 

Fusco-flavescens ; caj)ite brevi, Isevigato, antice bi-im- 
presso ; prothorace, mesothorace ac metathorace in medio 
unicarinatis, antice posticeque tuberculatis ; abdomine Isevi- 
gato, attamen 3tio 4toque segnicntis postice fortiter gib- 
bosis, ultimo hi medio unicarinato ; pedibus exiUbus, externa 
subdenticulatis ; femoribus tibiisque bifoliaceis. 

Long. 74 millim. ; larg. 4^ millim. 

Bacillus lobipes, Lucas, Expl. Scient. Algirie, A71. Artie. 
p. 12. pi. 1. f. 5. 

Hab. In Algeria. 



5. Bacillus brevis. 

Brevior, crassior ; femoribus omnibus subtus 4-dentatis ; 
femoribus mediis in mare subinermibus ; femoribus foeminse 
distincte dentatis ; antenuis foemiuse 21-articulatis. 

Long. corp. maris 2" ; foem. 2i"'. 

Bacillus brevis, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 5G2. 
Hab. Apud Promont. Bouse Sj)ei. 

C. Bacillus Abdul, Westw. 

Glaber, Isevis ; femoribus omnibus muticis, posticis 4 cy- 
lindricis ; antennis 1 6-articulatis in mare, 18-articulatis in 
foemina ; thorace maris linea laterali, foeminse punctis dor- 
salibus albis. 

Long. Corp. maris 2^" ; foem. 3". 

Bacillus gracilis, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 561 {nee 
B. L. gracilis, G. R. Gray, nee Bacteria gracilis, Burm.). 

Hab. In Abyssinia ; Ambukohl ; et Arabia Felice. 

Obs. Professor Burmeister considers that Bacteria JEyyp- 
tiaca, G. R. Gray, may be the male of this species. I can 
scarcely agree with such an opinion, my reasons for which 
will be stated under the next species. 

7. Bacillus .SIgyptiacus. 

Filiformis, gracillimus, brunncus ; capite flavo-lineato ; 
thorace nigro-lineato marginibus flavis ; pedibus gracilibus 
rufescentibus, anticis longis, quatuor posticis subtequalibus 
(mas) . 

Long. corp. 2" 1"' ; ant. /'". 
Bacteria jEgyptiaca, G.R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 18. 

Hab. In^gypto. B.M. 

The typical specimen of this insect in the British Mu- 
seum collection is a male, very slender and cylindrical, with 
the following proportions : — 

Head, liu. \\ ; proth. liu. 1 ; mesoth. lin. G; metath. 
lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 12. 

The antennre are very slender, filiform, 18- or 19-jointed, 
as long as the mesothorax. The head is marked on each 
side with a dark stripe. The thorax and abdomen are 
marked on each side with a slender dark longitudinal line, 
with a lateral paler one. The fore and middle legs are 
very long and quite unarmed (the hind ones are wanting). 
The basal joint of the tarsi is remarkably elongated, as are 
also the ungues and pulvilli. The three terminal segments 
of the body are very convex (when seen laterally), of 
nearly equal size, the last furnished with a narrow terminal 
lobe, and with two long, exserted, clavate, curved, anal 
styles. The three terminal ventral segments are but little 



Cx\TALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



swollen and not angulated, the last extending to about half 
the length of the ninth dorsal segment. 

Dr. Burmeister considers this insect may be the male of 
his Bacteria gracilis (S. Ahdul, Westw.), with broken 
antennae ; such, however, is not the case, those organs 
being perfect in the British Museum specimen. His de- 
scription of the male of his B. gracilis is as follows : — 
" Glaber, Isevis ; femoribus omnibus muticis, posticis 4 cy- 
lindricis ; antennis 1 G-articulatis in mare ; liuea thoracis 
laterali alba." 



8. Bacillus longiscaphum. 
Cylindricus, leevis ; capite cyliudrico inermi ; antennis 
21-articulatis ; femoribus mediis et posticis subtus apice 
utrinque 2-spinulosis ; fceminse vagina valde elougata, 5'" 
ultra abdomen producta. 

Phasma (Bacillus — Pachvmorpha, Serv.) longiscaphum, 
DeHaaii, Orth. Orient, p. 101. 

Hub. Apud Promont. Bonse Spei in yinetis. 



9. Bacillus gracUipes, Westw. Plate VIII. fig. 5. 

Gracillimus, filiformis, inermis ; pedibus longissimis ; an- 
tennis brevibus (dimidio femorum anticorum brevioribus) ; 
abdominis apice clavato rotuudato, stylis duobus capitatis 
analibus instructo (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2f; ant. liu.7; proth. lin. 1|^ ; niesoth. 
lin. 7 ; 'metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 14-f liu. 3=Jin. 1/. 

Hab. In Sierra Leone. B.M. 

Very slender, filiform, entirely destitute of spines. Black- 
ish-brown, smooth, polished, but not glossy. Head luteous, 
with a brown central vitta forming a dark trident between 
the eyes. Meso- and metathorax with a pale line on each 
side. Abdomen with a black central dorsal line, except on 
the terminal convex portion ; the terminal abdominal seg- 
ments pale bufiish-bromi. The anteimae are short, not 
reaching to half the length of the fore femora ; they are 
15-jointed and slender. The meso- and metathorax are 
slightly dilated behind for the insertion of the fore and 
hind legs. The abdomen has the three terminal segments 
gradually clavate, the last being the largest, convex and 
rounded behind, with the two anal styles capitate at the 
tip and exposed, crossing each other behind. The three 
ventral segments scarcely reach beyond the base of the 
ninth dorsal segment. The legs are very long, slender and 
simple. 

I have adopted the MS. name applied to this species by 



Mr. G. R. Gray in the British Museum collection. It is 
here first described. 

Plate VIII. Fig. 5. The male, of the natural size. on. Tin- 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



10. Bacillus Capensis. 
Viridis, laivis, nitidus ; capite oblongo,antice et postice Deque 
lato, supra piano, utrinque linea obscura viridi pone oculos ; 
prothorace capitis magnitudine, canalicula tenui media 
transversa ; mesothorace long. lin. 4, absque carina media, 
postice parum latiori ; metathorace mesothoracis longitu- 
dine, hujus parte postica latitudine aequali ; abdomine e 
medio ad apicem sensim attenuato ; lamina supra anuni 
laniinam subaualem longitudine lincae excedente ; pedibus 
muticis, longitudine mediocri, intermediis reliquis breviori- 
bus, anticis majoribus, articulo Imo tarsorum anticorum 
reliquis multo longiori, 4to omnium minuto ; antennis con- 
coloribus, subulatis, circlter 22-articulatis, articulo Imo 
subdepresso, quadrangulari, 2ndo minuto, globoso, .3tio 
longo (focm.). 

Long. corp. 2 unc. 

Bacillus Capensis, Serv. H. N. Orth. p. 257. 
De Haaa, Orth. Orient, p. 137. 
Hah. Apud Promont. Bonse Spei. 

11. Bacillus Stellenboschus, TJ'estw. Plate II. fig. 4. 

Fihformis, luteo-viridis, glaber, nitidus, lateribus capitis et 
corporis pedibusque leete viridibus ; antennis et pedibus 
brevibus ; femoribus seriatim nigro-punctatis, et apicem 
versus intus serrulatis ; segmento idtimo abdominis emargi- 
nato, stylis duobus longitudinalibus forci})eni simulantibus 
(mas). 

Long. Corp. hn. 23 ; ant. liu. CJ ; proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. 
lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 4; abdom. liu. O^-l-lin. 2i=lin. 12. 

Hab. Apud Promont. Bonse Spei. B.M. 

Luteous-green, smooth and glossy, with the sides of the 
head and body as well as the legs bright grass-green ; very 
slender, cylindric, and filiform. The hind part of the meso- 
and metathorax and the seventh and eighth segments of 
the body rather dilated. The head, thorax, and abdomen 
with the surface entire and smooth. The antennoe short 
and 20-jointed. The legs rather short and s\m\Ae ; the fore 
femora curved at the base, the four posterior slightly thick- 
ened, and all finely serrated towards the tip beneath. The 
seventh and eighth segments of the abdomeu dilated into 
an oval mass, and the ninth obconic-truncate, with the 
middle of the hind margin notched ; on the under side near 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



its hind angles the ninth segment bears a pair of long curved 
clavate styles, which cross each other hke a pair of forceps. 
On the under side the thorax and abdomen are quite simple ; 
the three termuaal ventral segments, especially the eighth, 
small, and not, or scarcely, extending to the hind margin of 
the eighth dorsal segment. 

Plate II. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 4 b. The 
same seen from below. 4 c. The same part of the body 
from another specimen. 



12. Bacillus Coccyx, Westw. Plate Vll. fig. 5. 

Elongatus, subgracilis, Ise^is, nitidus, inermis, lurido- 
viridi-fuscus ; pedibus lutescentibus fusco-variis ; abdomine 
sensim attenuato ; operculo valde elongato, parte detecta 
longitudine segmentorum trium ajncalium fequante ; femo- 
ribus auticis simplicibus, quatuor posticis subtus prope 
apicem denticulatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3, lin. 5 ; ant. lin. 6 ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 6\; metath. lin. 6^; abdom. liu. 15+lin. 4^ 
+ operc. \m. 4=lin. 23i. 

Hah. In Africa australi. B.M. 

Allied to Bacillus Capensis, Serville. Entirely of a lurid 
greenish-brown colour and glossy. The legs jiale dirty 
luteous-brown, with darker irregular markings. The hind 
part of the head has two tubercles ; and the front of the 
meso- and metathorax is finely granulose. The antennae 
short, scarcely extending beyond the basal half of the fore 
femora ; they are 23-jointcd. The abdomen is gradually 
attenuated from the base to the extremity of the ninth seg- 
ment, which exposes a minute tenninal lobe at its end, 
as well as the two anal styles ; the eighth segment is shorter 
than all the others ; the operculum is very long, extending 
beneath the three terminal dorsal segments, and as far as 
their conjoined length beyond them ; it is slender, boat- 
shaped, and but slightly swollen beneath the eighth dorsal 
segment. The fore legs are long and simple, the four 
hind legs are shorter and thicker, and the femora are armed 
beneath near the apex with several closely approximated 
small spines. 

Plate VII. Fig. 5. The female, of the natiu'al size. 5 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

13. Bacillus Natalis, Westw. 
Plate XXIII. fig. ", male; fig. 8, female. 
Luteo-fuscus, gracillimus, Isevis ; capite elongato utrinque 
linea pallida (per thoracem et abdomen exteusa), alteraque 



nigra inclusa ; metathorace fere longitudine mesothoracis ; 
pedibus gracilibus, inermibus ; antennis 1 8-articulatis, ma- 
ris capite quadnqilo-longioribus, foeniinoe vix longioribus ; 
abdomine maris apice clavato, stylis analibus incrassatis et 
incurvatis (mas et foem.). 

Mas. Long. Corp. unc. 2, lin. 5 ; ant. lin. ,') ; proth. lin. 1 ; 
mesoth. lin. 6i ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 12 -|- lin. 2| 
= lin. 14|. 

Foem. Long. corp. unc. 3^; ant. lin. 3; proth. lin. ]i; 
mesoth. lin. 74 ; metath. lin. 6 J ; abdom. lin. 18-)- lin. 3 = 
lin. 21. 

Hab. In Africa australi ; Port Natal. B.M. 

The male is very slender and filiform, with the thoracic 
segments slightly dilated at the insertion of the legs, and 
the abdominal segments very slightly and gradually thick- 
ened from the middle to the extremity of each ; the three 
terminal joints gradually clavate ; the last very convex, 
rounded, and margined behind. The head is elongate and 
subconvcx, simple, with a pale line on each side enclosing 
the eyes, and a dark line behind the eyes and extending 
along the sides of the thorax and abdomen. The antennee 
are about four times the length of the head, 18- or 19- 
jointed ; the joints irregular in length, the basal joint but 
slightly dilated. The metathorax is nearly equal to the 
mesothorax in length, its hinder division being extremely 
short. The abdominal segments are gradually, but very 
slightly, thickened from the middle to the extremity of 
each, and the three terminal segments are gradually clavate, 
the last being very convex, with the hind margin rounded, 
slightly margined behind ; the three terminal segments be- 
neath are moderately swollen, short, not extending beyond 
the eighth dorsal segment. The anal styles are rather 
long, clavate, setose, and much incurved, one folding over 
the other. The legs are very long and slender. 

The female is much more robust than the male, nearly 
parallel, with the pale lateral line scarcely distinct. The 
antennae are about half as long again as the head, 18-jointed; 
the joints irregular in length, the basal joint but slightly 
dilated. The hind margin of the head has a small depres- 
sion in the middle ; the thoracic segments are smooth, with 
a very fine line down the middle of the back, extending in 
a more distinct carina towards the extremity of the abdo- 
men. The metathorax is about five-sixths of the length of 
the mesothorax, and its hinder division is very short. The 
operculum extends nearly to the extremity of the body ; 
and the two anal styles are very short, elongate ovate, and 
setose. The legs are shorter and much more robust than 
those of the male, and quite simple. 

Plate XXIII. Fig. 7. The male, of the natural size. 7 a. The 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



terminal segments of the abiloraen seen sideways. 7 b. The 
terminal segments seen from behind. 
Fig. 8. The female, of the natm-al size. 8 a. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

14. Bacillus humilis, JJ'esfw. Plate II. fig. 7. 

Pallide luteo-viridis, gracilis, subcyliudricus ; antennis 
capita pauUo longioribus, 1 6-articulatis ; lateribus capitis, 
meso- et metathoracis serie tuberculorum minutorum in- 
structis ; subtus omuino Isevis et inermis ; abdomiue stylis 
duobiis porrectis terminato ; operculo ad apicem abdominis 
haud exteuso (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2 ; ant. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. 
lin. 4|; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. liu. 13. 

Hab. Ceylon. B.M. 

The general colour is pale dirty yellowish-green; the 
surface of the body smooth, and destitute of spines. The 
head is oblong-ovate, with a row of minute tubercles on 
each side. The antennae a little longer than the head, 1 6- 
jointed, the basal joint large and flattened. The thoracic 
segments are simple, their sides alone being marked by a 
row of minute tubercles. The metathorax is rather dilated 
gradually to its hind part. The abdomen is long and 
simple, gradually attenuated to the extremity ; the seg- 
ments with a lateral slightly defined margin. The body is 
terminated by two small porrected styles, the three terminal 
segments being marked with longitudinal furrows. The 
operculum extends beneath the seventh, eighth, and greater 
part of the ninth dorsal segments. The legs are long and 
simple ; the anterior femora are curved at the base, and 
the middle femora slightly thickened. The body beneath 
is entirely simple. 

Plate II. Fig. 7. The female, of the natural size. 7 «. The 
three terminal segments of the abdomen seen from the side. 

15. Bacillus Tranquebaricus, West to. 

Elongatus, totus pallide fuscus ; abdomine ante medium 
sensim latiori, apice atteuuato (fcem.). 
Phasma Nympha, Stoll, Spectr. pi. 10. f. 39. 

Hab. Tranquebar. 

16. Bacillus Indicus. Plate XXII. fig. 1- 
" Flavescenti-brunnea, glabra, filiformis ; antennis sub- 
brevibus, rufescentibus, basi viridesceutibus ; pedibus me- 
diocribus simplicibus, anticis lineis elevatis striatis." 

Long. Corp. 4" 2"'. 
Bacteria Indica, G. R. Graij, Si/n. Phasm. p. 17. 

Hab. In India orientaH. Mus. Sykes ; Soc. Ent. Lend. 

B.M. 



The typical specimen of this species is in the National 
Collection. To Mr. G. R. Gray's characters, copied above, 
it may be added, that the insect is a female, with the body 
and legs entirely destitute of spines ; it is very long and 
narrow, with the sides nearly iiarallcl, its proportions being: 

Head, lin. 1^ ; ant. lin. .'J ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 1 1 ; 
metath. lin. 7^; abdom. lin. 23 + lin. 4=lin. 27. Total, 
mic. 4^. 

The antennee are 20-jointed ; the basal joint is grey, 
setose, and carinated down the middle. The head has the 
hind margin raised and notched in the middle. The eighth 
dorsal segment of the abdomen is not more than half the 
length of the preceding ; and the operculum extends to 
half the length of the ninth dorsal segment. 

The following is the description of a female specimen in 
the Collection of the Entomological Society of London : — 

Elongatus, gracilis, cylindricus, tevis, omnino inermis ; 
capite longo, margine postico elevato, et in medio inciso ; 
antennis capite vts longioribus, circiter 25-articulatis ; arti- 
culo basali magno depresso, in medio carinato ; segmento 
apicali abdominis integro acuminato, styUs duobus brevibus 
latis exsertis instructo (fcem.). 

Long. corp. unc. 3, hn. 7 ; ant. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. hu. 9 ; metath. hn. 6^ ; abdom. hu. 19-f lin. 3-^= 
Im. 22J-. 

Hab. In India orientah. In Mus. Soc. Ent. Londi- 
nensis. 

Long, slender, cylindrical, with the segments continuous, 
entirely smooth and destitute of spines or tubercles, and of 
a pale brownish buff-colour. The head long and narrowed 
behind, with the hind margin elevated and notched in the 
middle. Antennas scarcely longer than the head, about 
25-jointed ; the basal joint broad, oblong, rugose, and cari- 
nated along the upper surface; the third and following 
joints very minute. Prothorax not more than half the 
length of the head, with an irregularly impressed line down 
the middle. Meso- and metathorax and abdominal seg- 
ments smooth, entire ; the latter gradually attenuated to 
the extremity of the ninth segment, which is slender and 
entire, exposing the two large, broad and setose caudal styles. 
The operculum is acute at the tip, which does not extend 
beyond two-thirds of the length of the ninth dorsal segment. 
The legs are of moderate length and slender. 

Plate XXII. Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. 1 «. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

17. Bacillus Javanus. 
Fuscus; antennis iG-articulatis, 2^'" longis ; mesotho- 
race scabro ; metathorace et abdomine Isevibus, medio dorsi 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



rarinato ; pedibus intcgerrimis elongatis submarmoratis ; 
pedum aiiticorum tarsis articulo Imo reliquis bis longiore ; 
vagina vix usque ad apicem abdominis producta (foem.). 

Lat. Corp. 1'"; long. corp. 2" 5'"; mesoth. 7'"; me- 
tath. 5'" ; lied. ant. 2" ; pad. med. 1" 5"' ; ped. post. 1" 9'". 

Phasma (Bacillus) Javanus, De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 138. 
pi. l.T. f. 8. fem. 

Hab. Java. 

Obs. In Fuessly's ' Archives,' Herbst lias figured (pi. 5 1 . 
f. 2, 3) an Indian insect which seems very closely to re- 
semble De Haan's figure oi B. Javanus. Herbst's descrip- 
tion is, however, too vague to enable us to determine the 
question. 

18. Bacillus Beroe, Westw. Plate XXII. fig. 2. 
Gracillimus, subfiliformis, inermis ; antennis brevissimis ; 

meso- et metanoto cum abdomine linea tenuissima dorsali 
mediaua notatis ; segmentis abdominalibus e basi sensim 
attenuatis, lateribus longitudinaliter inipressis ; apice acuto ; 
stylis caudalibus brevissimis ; pedibus gracilibus inermibus 
(fcem.). 

Long. corp. unc. 2, Hn. 5 ; ant. lin. 2\ ; proth. lin. \\ ; 
mesoth. lin. 6^; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. liu. 13 + lin. 3 = 
lin. 16. 

Rab. In India orientali {Mrs. Major IlamiUon). In 
Mus. See. Entom. Londinensis. 

Olivaceous ash-coloured, with a paler very slender longi- 
tudinal dorsal and lateral line extending from the front of 
the mesothorax to the extremity of the abdomen ; very 
slender and subfiliform, destitute of spines or tubercles. 
The head narrowed behind. Antennae scarcely longer than 
the head, about 18-jointed; the first joint large, setose, and 
carinated along the upper surface ; the third and following 
joints very short and rather irregular in size. The meso- 
and metathorax are each gradually widened from the middle 
to the insertion of the legs. The abdominal segments are 
marked on each side of the median line with three slightly 
raised elevated longitudinal lines ; the segments are gra- 
dually narrowed to the extremity, which is slightly acumi- 
nated, with the two very short anal styles scarcely visible 
at the extremity. The operculum extends to the middle 
of the ninth dorsal segment. The legs are long, slender, 
and simple. 

Plate XXII. Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 6. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

19. Bacillus Regulus, Westw. Plate XXII. fig. 5. 
Elongatus, gracilis, subcouvexus ; antennis brevibus ; 

abdomine e basi ad apicem acutum attenuate ; capita inter 



oculos bispinoso ; metathorace longiori ; abdominis apice 
longo fisso ; operculo apicem abdominis longe superante ; 
pedibus anticis simplicibus ; femoribus 4 posticis irregula- 
riter parce serratis ; tibiisque prope basin externe foliolo 
parvo acuto instructis (foem.). 

Long. corp. unc. 3f ; ant. lin. 6 ; proth. lin. I| ; mesoth. 
lin. 7 ; metath. hn. 6 ; abdom. lin. 20 -|- lin. 5-|-operc. lin. 2 
=lin. 27. 

Uab. In India orientali {Mrs. Major Hamilton). In 
Mus. Soc. Entom. Londinensis. 

Elongate, slender, subconvex, smooth, and entirely of 
an obscure brown colour. The head with two conical erect 
spines between the eyes. The antennae about half as long 
as the fore femora, 20-jointed ; the basal joint wide and 
flattened. The mesothorax of moderate length. The me- 
tathorax nearly as long as the mesothorax. The abdomen 
long, widest at the base, gradually attenuated to the tip, 
which is acute and deeply cleft. The operculum is very 
long, slender, and bent upwards, extending far beyond the 
extremity of the abdomen. The fore legs are long and 
slender ; the four hind legs are shorter. The femora irre- 
gularly and widely serrated, as are also the tibiae, which 
have a conical lobe on the outside near the base. The 
basal joint of the tarsi is long and slender. 

Plate XXII. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 o. The 
head and prothorax seen sideways. 5 b. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



20. Bacillus Damis, Westw. 
Plate XXIII. fig. 2, male ; fig. 3, female. 

Fuscus, obscurus, subgranulatus, gracilis ; pedibus gra- 
cilibus ; capite postice elongato ; antennis capite paullo 
longioribus ; capite inter oculos tuberculis duobus parvis 
conicis instructo, alteris duobus in parte antica et duobus 
in parte postica pronoti ; meso- et metathorace et segmentis 
abdominis versus marginem posticum spinula parva arma- 
tis ; his etiam ad basin et apicem utrinque paullo dilatatis. 
Mas obscurior, linea dorsali metanoti, et basi femorum sub- 
rufis (mas et fcem.). 

Mas. Long. corp. unc. l\ ; cap. lin. 1 ; proth. lin. f ; 
mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 7 -h lin. 2=; 
lin. 9. 

Fcem. Long. corp. lin. 21|^ ; cap. lin. If ; proth. lin. 1| ; 
mesoth. lin. 4| ; metath. lin. 3J ; abdom. lin. 8-)- lin. 2= 
lin. 10. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo {D. Wallace). In Mus. Saun- 
ders. B.M. 

This small slender species is of an obscure brown colour, 
the male being considerably darker, with a dorsal line along 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



the metanotum, and the base of the femora dark red. The 
male is very slender and cylindrical ; it is not glossy, and is 
slightly granulose. The head is elongated and narrowed 
behind the eves, between which, in both sexes, are two 
small conical points. The antennse are rather longer than 
the head, and 20-jointed. The prothorax is armed at each 
extremity with two small spines. The mesothorax is long 
and slender, with several pairs of minute conical tubercles, 
and a large one, bifid at the apex, at the hinder extremity. 
The metathorax is rather shorter than the mesothorax ; 
the hinder division very short, and armed, as well as the 
hinder extremity of the anterior division, with a raised 
point, as is also the case with each of the segments of the 
abdomen in the middle of its hinder margin. In both 
sexes each of the abdominal segments has the base and 
extremity slightly dilated on each side, arising from the 
presence of small lateral tubercles. The legs are long 
and slender ; the femora slightly granulose. The female is 
more robust, with somewhat shorter legs ; the surface of 
the body is more granulose ; the elevated point at the ex- 
tremity of the mesothorax is simple ; and the operculum 
extends to the extremity of the abdomen. In the specimen 
of this sex before me, the left middle femur is armed with 
granules, and an erect spine near the base ; but the middle 
leg on the right side is simple, probably having been re- 
produced. 

Plate XXIII. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
both- seen sideways. 2 b. The foiu' terminal segments of 
the abdomen seen sideways. 

Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a. The hind part of 
the thorax and the abdomen seen sideways. 



21. Bacillus Cimiculus, Westw. Plate VI. fig. 2. 

Elougatus, gracilis, cyliudricus ; capite inter oculos spinis 
duabus auriformibus avmato ; antennarum articulo basali 
magno, dilatato ; thorace abdomineque inermibus, hujus 
segment! ultimi angulis posticis acute productis raedioque 
parum inciso ; femoribus anticis supra dimidio basali ser- 
ratis, quatuor posticis subtus ante apicem spina armatis 
(foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 6 ; cap. lin. '6^ ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. 
lin. 16 ; metath. hn. 12 ; abdom. unc. 2, lin. Tj + hu. 6 = 
unc. 3, lin. 1^. 

Hub. Ceylon. B.M. 

Long, slender, cylindrical, smooth, dirty luteous-browu ; 
the horns of the head and base of the abdomen dark brown. 
The head with two long curved spines between the eyes 
(like the ears of a rabbit) . Basal joint of the antennse broad 



and depressed. Meso- and metathorax long and simple, 
scarcely dilated at the base of the legs. Abdomen long, 
cylindrical and simple ; the eighth segment very thick ; 
the ninth longer, with its j)Osterior lateral angles prominent ; 
the middle of the hind margin slightly notched. The 
operculum exterids to the extremity of the ninth dorsal 
segment, and is convex near its extremity. The legs are 
long and slender ; the fore femora, from the base to the 
middle of the straight portion, are serrated on the upper 
edge ; the four posterior femora are armed beneath near 
the tip with a small spine, and the four hind tibise are 
slightly serrated at the tip. 

Plate VI. Fig. 2. The female insect, of the natural size. 
2 a. The head seen sideways. 2 b. The extremity of the 
abdomen seen sideways. 

Obs. A small specimen, apparently of this species, in 
the collection of the East India House, brought from Java 
by Dr. Ilorsfield (" No. .5 "), has the two horns of the head 
shorter, more foliaceous, with rounded serrated upper edges, 
and the following proportions : — 

Long. Corp. unc. A\ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 3 ; proth. 
lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 11 ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 22-f- 
lin. 6=unc. 2^. 

Another still smaller specimen, in the same collection, 
also from Java (Ilorsfield, " No. 4 "), agrees with the last- 
mentioned specimen, but the head is oblong-cylindrical 
and entirely destitute of honis. Its measurement is as 
follows : — 

Long. Corp. unc. 3, lin. 7 ; cap. lin. If ; anten. hn. 5j ; 
proth. lin. If ; mesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. hn. 7^ ; abdom. 
hn. 19-f-lin. 5 = unc. 2. 

This specimen seems to unite the present with the fol- 
lowing species, from which last it, however, differs in the 
four posterior femora being furnished only with a small 
lobe-like spine on the under side near the tip. 

The National Collection possesses several specimens, 
which might at first sight be mistaken for separate species. 
One of these, from Silhet, has the head large, oval, and 
flattened, of a dull luteous-brown colour, with two dark 
lines on each side behind the eyes ; there is also only one 
spine on the upper edge of the middle femora near the 
base ; and the meso- and metathorax are wider (probably 
arising from pressure in drying). Other specimens differ 
in the number of spines on the legs. 

22. Bacillus Hyphereon, Westw. Plate VI. fig. 1. 

Elongatus, gracilis, cvlindricus, Isevis, luteus ; capite 
inermi ; antennis brevibus, 27-32-articnlatis, articulo basali 
lato, depresso ; abdomiue e basi ad apicem sensim atte- 



10 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



niiato, segmento apicali angulis apicalibus prominentibus ; 
femoribus anticis supra serratis, intermediis prope basin 
supra 3-, 2- vel 1-foliaceo-spinosis, posticis prope basin 
1-spinosis (foem.)- 

Long. Corp. unc. 5, lin. 5 ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. lin. 12 ; 
proth. lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 14; metath. lin. 11 ; abdom. 
lin. 29 + lin. 6 = unc. 2, lin. 11. 

Hab. In India orieutali ; Ceylon. B.M., &c. 

Long, slender, cylindrical, smooth, and with the surface 
destitute of tubercles and spines. The head oval, simple. 
The antennae short, not reaching beyond half the length 
of the fore femora ; the basal joint very broad, oval and 
flattened. The segments of the thorax and abdomen are 
simple ; the eighth segment of the latter the shortest ; the 
ninth with its hinder angles prominent, and its hind mar- 
gin slightly notched in the middle. The operculum is 
long, but does not extend beyond the extremity of the 
terminal segment of the abdomen ; it is convex towards its 
apex. The legs are long and slender ; the femora of the 
fore legs denticulated along the whole of the upper edge ; 
the tibise long and slender ; the middle legs shorter and 
rather thicker than the rest, the femora with three (some- 
times two, rarely one) small foliaceous lobes near the base 
on the upper edge, and a more or less distinct spine on the 
imder edge near the tip ; the hind femora have a spine near 
the base on the upper edge, and another smaller on the 
under edge near the tip. 

Plate VL Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

I am not satisfied as to the specific distinction between 
this and Ph. Cimiculus, depending as it does on the exist- 
ence of horns on the head, and want of spines at the base 
of the middle legs in the latter, and vice versd in the 
former. 

The Entomological Society of London has received an 
Indian specimen of this species from Mrs. Hamilton, which 
appears still further to connect the present species with the 
preceding ; having two diverging spines between the eyes ; 
the mesothorax granulated ; the middle femur on the right 
side with three foliaceous spines towards the base on the 
upper side, whilst there is only one on the left femur ; 
the middle tibia on the right side is also three-spined on 
the upper edge, whilst the left one is only 1-spined ; the 
hind femur has also onfe spine on the upper edge near the 
base. The proportions are as follow : — 

Long. Corp. unc. 4^ ; cap. lin. 2| ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. 
lin. 12i; metath. lin. 10; abdom. lin. 24 -|- lin. 2i = lin. 
2Gi. 



23. Bacillus Alaiuia, IVestw. 
Plate XXIIL fig. 6. 

Elongatus, gracilis, cylindricus, loevis, olivnceo-fuscus, 
linea tenui laterali lutea ; antennis capite dimidio longiori- 
bus ; pedibus intermediis brevioribus, femoribus utrinque 
basin versus tuberculo parvo instructis ; his et posticis api- 
cem versus infra subspinulosis ; tibiisque vix distincte ser- 
rulatis. 

Long. Corp. circ. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2; proth. lin. IJ; 
mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. segm. 6 basal, 
lin. 19. 

Hub. In Indire orientalis regionibus septeutrionalibus. 
In Mus. East India House. 

Entirely smooth, and of an olivaceous-brown colour, with 
a slender pale luteous line down each side of the body ; 
long, narrow, cylindrical. Head longer than wide, gradually 
narrowed from the eyes to the base, which is slightly ele- 
vated and divided into four parts or small tubercles. The 
antenna; are scarcely one and a half time longer than the 
head ; the basal joint is oval and flattened ; the remainder, 
twenty-three or twenty-four in number, are short and fili- 
form. The mesothorax is slightly dilated above the base of 
the middle feet. The metathorax is long, its hinder division 
rather short. The six basal segments of the abdomen are 
cylindrical and simjjle ; the three terminal segments are 
broken off in the unique specimen before me, so that I am 
unable to determine the sex. The fore legs are also want- 
ing ; the middle legs are comparatively short ; the femora 
have two small lobes on the under side near the base on the 
opposite angles of the limb, and near the tip they have a 
minute spine on the under edge ; the tibiae are slender, 
with a few very minute and slender spines ; the basal joint 
of the tarsi is about as long as the second and third joints 
together. The hind legs are rather longer and simple, ex- 
cept that the femora are armed with a minute spine on the 
under side near the tip. 

This species seems to approach nearly to B. Uijphereon 
in its general characters. 



24. Bacillus ? Artemis, JFestw. 
Plate XXVI. fig. 9. 

Elongatus, gracilis, cylindricus, granulis minutissimis ob- 
situs ; segmento 6to abdominis subtus spina deflexa arraato, 
segmentis tribus terminalibus compressis ; operculo vix api- 
cem abdominis attingeute ; pedibus intermediis brevioribus, 
femoribus infra tuberculo parvo instructis; femoribus posti- 
cis basi inermibus, omnibus subtus apicem versus spiuulis 
uonnuUis minutis armatis (foem.). 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Long. Corp. imc. 4, lin. 5 ; cap. lin. 21 ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 10^; metath. lin. 8; abdom. liu. 24 + lin. fj 
= lin. 30. 

Hab. \n Assam (Z). Jenkins). In Mus. Westwood. 

The antennae of the unique specimen of this species in 
my collection being broken off beyond the basal joint, I am 
unable to determine precisely whether it belongs to this 
genus or not ; but its apparent affinity to Bae. HijphereoH 
and Alauna and the dilated basal joint of the antennae 
favour such an opinion. The head is rather longer than 
wide, gradually narrowed from the eyes to the base ; the 
disk is convex (not acutely elevated at the base), covered 
with numerous minute granules, which are arranged in 
about seven irregulai' longitudinal rows. The basal joint of 
the antennae is moderately large, nearly oval, depressed, 
with a small carina along the middle. The mesothorax is 
long and subcylindrical, but little dilated above the base of 
the middle legs. The metathorax is long, of equal width 
with the mesothorax, its hinder division rather short. 
The abdomen is long, more slender than the thorax ; the 
segments simple, except the sixth, which is armed beneath 
at its extremity with a strong deflexed spine ; the three 
terminal segments of the abdomen are compressed, the 
eighth segment being about half the length of the seventh 
segment ; the ninth segment is subtruncate at its extremity, 
with the outer apical angles rather produced. The oper- 
culum is long and compressed, black and granular at its 
extremity, which does not quite reach the extremity of the 
abdomen ; the two apical styles are small and deflexed. 
The fore legs are wanting ; the middle ones are rather 
short ; the femora furnished with a small conical leaflet on 
the under side ; the under side near the apex is armed with 
several very minute spines ; the tibiae are armed with several 
minute and widely affixed spines ; the basal joint of the 
tarsi is rather longer than the second and third joints taken 
together. 



25. Bacillus Amathia, JT'esfw. Plate XXIIL fig. 9. 

Luteo-fuscus, opacus, subcylindricus ; abdomine latiori, 
convexo ; antennis capite vix duplo longioribus, articulo 
l)asali magno, dilatato ; vertice ante medium spinis duabus 
acutis erectis armato ; metathorace subbrevi ; abdomine 
longitudinaliter striolato, segmentis tribus apicalibus bre- 
vioribus, stylis analibus latis ovalibus ; pedibus (anticis 
deteritis) crassioribus ; femoribus quatuor ]iosticis ante 
apicem subtus spinula armatis tibiisque subspinulosis. 

Long. Corp. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. lin. 6 ; proth. 



lin. 2; mesoth. lin. !) ; metath. lin. 5* ; alKlum. lin. 15 + 
lin. 5=liu. 20. 

Hab. In regionibus septentrionalibus Indiic orientalis. 
In Mus. East India House. 

This species is more robust than most of the preceding 
insects. It is entirely of a dull luteous-brown colour, not 
glossy, and destitute of tubercles. The head is oblong, 
slightly narrowed from the eyes to the hind margin, which 
is elevated and divided into several small tubercles ; the 
front of the vertex is armed with two erect acute spines. 
The antennae are not twice the length of the head ; the 
basal joint is large, subovate and flattened ; the third and 
remaining joints are filiform ; the terminal ones very short. 
The metathorax is about half the length of the mesothorax ; 
its hinder division is very short. The sLx basal segments 
of the abdomen are swollen, with several longitudinal striae, 
a more conspicuous raised line down the middle of the back 
and in the middle of each side ; the three terminal seg- 
ments are short, compressed ; the last rounded at its extre- 
mity, with two large oval anal styles. The operculum 
scarcely reaches to the extremity of the last dorsal segment. 
The fore legs are wanting in the unique specimen before 
me ; the four hmd ones are rather robust ; the femora have 
a minute spine beneath near the tip ; and the tibiae are 
armed with a few minute and distant spines on each edge ; 
the basal joint of the intermediate tarsi is as long as the 
three following joints together. 



2G. Bacillus Souchongia, TJ'estw. Plate VII. fig. 8. 

Gracillimus, filiformis, inermis ; antennis fere longitudine 
mesothoracis, 18-articulatis ; pallide luteus, linea tenui media 
fusca e capite ad auum extensa ; abdominis segmentis aj)i- 
calibus paullo latioribus, 8vo angulis posticis acuminatis de- 
flexis, 9no subemarginato, stylis caudalibus longis et valde 
curvatis ; pedibus longis, gracilibus, simplicibus (mas). 

Long, corp .unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. I3 ; anten. hn. 7 ; proth. 
lin. 1 ; mesoth. lin. 6J ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. ll^-f 
lin. 2i=lin. 14. 



JIab. In China. 



B.iM. 



Very slender and filiform ; entirely destitute of spines or 
tubercular processes ; entirely pale luteous, with a brown 
line down the centre of the thorax and abdomen on the 
upper side. The antennae short (not quite so long as the 
mesothorax), 18-jointed, and very slender; the thoracic 
segments simple ; the abdominal segments slightly thickened 
at the tips, the eighth segment having its j)OSterior lateral 
angles acuminated and deflexed, the ninth segment gra- 

c 2 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



12 

dually widened ; the outer apical angles rounded, the hind 
margin subemarginate, and furnished beneath near its ex- 
tremity with two long curved setose styles, extending beyond 
the extremity of the abdomen, their tips meeting together ; 
the three terminal ventral segments do not extend beyond 
the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. The legs are 
long, slender, and simple. 

Plate VII. Fig. 8. The male, of the natural size. 8 a. The 
three terminal segments seen sideways. 8 b. Ditto seen 
from beneath. 



27. Bacillus (Linocerus) gracilis. 

Filiformis ; thorace abdominis longitudine, glabro ; viri- 
descenti-brunneus ; pedibus longis, gracilibus, simplicibus ; 
capite parvo ; anteunis capite diniidio longioribus, 1 5-arti- 
culatis, articulis Imo et 2do magnis depressis, reliquis mo- 
ndiformibus. 

Long. corp. 3" ; antcn. (J'". 

Linocerus gracilis, G. R. Gray, St/n. Phasm.p. 20. 
Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 562. 
Hab. In China. In Mus. Hope, olim, hodie haud in- 
ventus. 

28. Bacillus Beecheyi. 

Elongatus, gracilis, brunneus, glaber ; capite inter oculos 
cornubus duobus Ijrevibus armato ; pedibus bre^bus, ob- 
scure fasciatis ; lineis elevatis striatis (foeni.). 

Long. Corp. 3" 2'" ; anten. 2'" ; mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. 
lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 16-|-lin. 5 = lin. 21. 

Bacillus Beecheyi, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 21 . 
Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 562. 



Hab. In Insulis Saudvicensibus. 



B.M. 



In the type specimen preserved in the National Collec- 
tion, the fore legs are broken off. The middle tibise are 
slightly dilated at the base beneath, with a small spine near 
the base above and another small one near the middle be- 
neath ; the hind femur is dilated, and armed with several 
small spines near the tip beneath ; the tibia is dilated near 
the base beneath, and slightly serrated beyond the middle ; 
the eighth dorsal segment of the abdomen is short, the 
ninth nearly twice the length of the eighth, carinated above 
and notched at its extremity, exposing a pointed anal lobe 
extending backwards more than half the length of the 
ninth segment ; the two anal styles are very short, and the 
operculum does not extend beyond the middle of the ninth 
dorsal segment. The antennse are at least 19-jointed, the 
third and following joints being verj' short and transverse. 



29. Bacillus brunneus. 

Filiformis, flavo-brunncus ; thorace tuberculis parvis al- 
bis ; pedibus brevibus ; femoribus 4 posticis interne niulti- 
dentatis ; anteunis capite vix longiorib\is. 

"Long. corp. 2" 11'"; anten. 3'"." 

Bacillus brunneus, G. R. Gray, Ent. Australia, ])1. 7. f. 3 ; 

Sy)i. Phasm. p. 21. 

Burm. Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 562. 

/Za6. In Australia (Swan River). In Mus. Hope. B.M. 

The typical specimen in the British Museum is now 
destitute of the abdomen ; the antennae are of the length 
of the head, veith the basal joint short, broad, and nearly 
circular, with a broad carina down the middle ; the meso- 
thorax is marked with white tubercles, and all the femora 
are finely denticulated. 

30. Bacillus australis. 

Viridis aut brunuescens, maris vertice albido ; foeminse 
femoribus quatuor posticis subincrassatis, subtus utrinque 
rufo dentatis ; tibiis posticis serratis (mas et foem.). 

Mas. Long. corp. unc. 3, lin. 7; cap. lin. 2; proth. 
lin. If; mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 6i ; abdom. lin. 21 
-l-lin. 4=lin. 25. 

Foem. Long. corp. unc. 4J ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. Hn. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 10 ; metath. lin. 9 ; abdom. Hn. 25 + lin. 8 = 
hn. 33. 

Bacillus australis, Charpentier, Orth. Descr. pi. 5 7. male 
et fern. 
Hab. In AustraHa. B.M. 

Obs. The male has the body slender and filiform, and 
the female has the abdomen wider than the raetathorax, 
but with the fourth, fifth and sixth segments gradually 
attenuated, the seventh, eighth and ninth slender ; the 
abdomen in both sexes is terminated by two elongated, 
exserted, straight anal styles pointed at the tips, and the 
operculum of the female does not extend beyond the 
middle of the ninth dorsal segment. In numerous speci- 
mens in the National Collection from King George's 
Sound, the hind tibiae are strongly serrated, and the thorax 
is entirely smooth. 

Although closely allied to B. brunneus, the present spe- 
cies is quite distinct. The antennse in both sexes are 23- 
jointed ; thev are filiform, not attenuated towards the tij) ; 
the basal joint twice the width of the following joints. There 
is a dark brown line down the whole of the back. The 
anterior femora are quite simple ; the four hind femora 
have three rows of spines on the under side. The middle 
til)i8e are smooth, or with two or three minute serrations, 
and the two hind tibire have two rows of spines. 



CATALOGUE OF ORTIIOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



13 



31. Bacillus Dolomedes, Westw. Platk V. fig. 4. 

Gracilis, subc) lindricus, subnitidus, pallide luteo-viridis ; 
capite utrinque linea castanea pone oculos ; mesoiioto utrin- 
que serie tuberculorum nigvonim lineaque castanea quae 
per latera metanoti etiam extendit ; stylis analibus oper- 
culoque valde elongatis; pedibus brevibus ; femoribus ser- 
ratis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 4f ; cap. lin. 3J ; anten. lin. 8 ; proth. 
lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 11 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 22 + 
liu. 6 + operc. lin. 4=liu. 32. 

Eab. New Holland. B.M. 

Long and rather slender, subcylindric, rather glossy, 
entirely pale luteous-green. Head rather large, destitute 
of spines. Antennae short, not reaching the extremity of 
the fore femora. Meso- and metathorax marked on each 
side with a longitudinal chestnut line, which in the former 
bears a row of black tubercles. The abdomen is long, the 
segments gradually but slightly diminishing in size and 
width to the last, which is acute, bearing ou its under side 
the two exserted anal styles. Operculum verj' long and 
boat-shaped, extending considerably beyond the last dorsal 
segment of the abdomen. The legs, especially the four 
posterior, are rather short ; the fore femora curved at the 
base and widely serrated along the upper edge ; the four 
hind femora are more robust and more strongly serrated 
beneath ; the tibiae are slender, the four posterior armed 
with two or three very minute spines. 

Plate V. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
three terminal segments of tlie abdomen seen sideways. 



32. Bacillus Peristhenes, Westw. 
Plate VIL fig. 1, male. Plate VIIL fig. 2, female. 

Luteo-viridis, elongatus, gracilis, filiformis ; abdominc 
attenuate, stylis analibus valde elongatis, rectis, compressis ; 
maris thorace inermi, laevi, fceminse granuloso ; pedibus 
gracilibus, omnino inemiibus ; femoribus utriusque sexus 
serie punctorum minutorum nigroruni lougitudiualiter dis- 
posita, omnibus inermibus (mas et focm.). 

Mas. Long. corp. unc. 2 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 5 ; 
proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 1 1 
-I- lin. 3-fstyl. anal, lin, 3=lin. 17. 

Foem. Long. corp. unc. 3\ ; cap. lin. '2h ; proth. lin. H ; 
mesoth. lin. 6| ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 19 + lin. 5-1- 
styl. anal. lin. 4=lin. 28. 

Hab. In Australia. B.M. 

The male is luteous-green, smooth, slender, filiform, de- 
stitute both of spines and tubercles. The antenuee slender. 



reaching to about two-thirds of the length of the fore femora, 
19- to 21-jninted; the basal joint rather narrow, the re- 
mainder of equal thickness throughout. The head beneath 
is white, with a black or brown lateral vitta extending from 
the eyes to the prothorax, the middle of the black mark 
being granulated with luteous ; the crown with a small 
circular impression between the hind part of the eyes. The 
abdomen is long and slender with the sides nearly parallel ; 
the third segment is deeply impressed on its under side ; 
the two anal styles are transformed into a pair of long, thin, 
sabre-shaped filaments, extencUng far beyond the extremity 
of the body. The legs are moderately long, slender, and 
simple, each of the femora both in front and behind with a 
row of minute black dots. The basal joint of all the tarsi 
is as long as all the remaining joints. 

The female is larger, with shorter legs, and the abdo- 
men more attenuated from the middle to the extremity, 
which is furnished with a pair of anal styles not quite so 
long as the eighth and mnth dorsal segments united toge- 
ther ; the operculum is very acute at its extremity, which 
reaches to about two-thirds of the length of the eighth 
dorsal segment, which is rather longer than the seventh ; the 
meso- and metathorax are covered with minute granules, the 
former being furnished with minute rudimental tegmina. 

Plate VIL Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
terminal segments of tlie abdomen seen sideways. 

Plate VIII. Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
terminal segments of its abdomen seen sideways. 

33. Bacillus Peridromes, Westw. 
Plate VIII. figs. 2 1, 2 c. 

Elongatus, gracilis, subcylindricus, obscure fuscus, iner- 
mis, iKvis, impunctatus, hand nitidus ; autennis fere longi- 
tudine mesonoti, apicibus sensim gracillimis ; segmentis ab- 
dominis vitta laterali et sublaterali instructis ; apice stylis 
duobus valde elongatis arraato (foem.). 

Long. corp. unc. 2f ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 1 ; proth. 
lin. \\; mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 4^^ ; abdom. lin. 12^ 
-f lin. 3i-|-styl. anal. lin. 2j = lin. 18J. 

Hab. In Australia. B-M. 

Tliis species is closely allied to B. Peristhenes, but differs 
in the longer and very much attenuated antenna;, less 
parallel form of the bodj', and longer operculum, which 
reaches to the middle of the ninth dorsal segment ; the 
antennae are 21- or 22-jointed, gradually attenuated to the 
tips ; the basal joint broad, with a channel along its upper 
surface ; the body is smooth above ; the head and prothorax 
with a very slender central impressed brown hne ; the me- 
sothorax has three or four very fine granules on either side 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



near the base, and the abdominal segments have a lateral 
and sublateral slender carina on each side. All the legs 
are wanting iu the single female specimen which I have 
seen in the British Museum collection. 

Plate VIII. Fig. 2 h. The head and antenna;. 2 c. The ter- 
minal segments of tlie abdomen, seen sideways. 



34. Bacillus Crouanii. 

" Supra brunneo-viridis, infra testaceus ; antennis 20-ar- 
ticulis, complanatis ; prothorace capitis latitudine, sed paulo 
breviore, duobus sulcis obsoletis cruciate ; mesothorace 
Isevi nee carinato ; pedibus striatis ; tarsis obsolete pilosis, 
prime articulo una trium sequentium longitudiue." 

" Long. 70 mill., lat. 3|^ mill." 

Bacillus Crouanii, Le Guillou in Gu&rhis Rev. Zool. 1841, 
p. 293. 

Hab. Hamoa. 



35. Bacillus Hookeri, TJ'hite. 

Viridis ; capite carina obliqua inter oculos et basin an- 
tennarum, vertice linea tenui nigra lineisque duabus nigris in 
lateribus deflexis capitis ; hoc et thorace Isevibus ; pronoto 
linea tenui media antica nigra alteraque breviore postica ; 
metanoto linea nigra media in parte antica ; pedibus acute 
angulatis ; femorum angulo unico vage serrato ; tibiis iner- 
mibus ; antennis nigris articulis duobus basalibus flavis. 

Mas. Long, corp.unc. 2^ ; anten.lin. 7; proth. lin. 1| ; 
mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 11 -|-lin. 4 = 
lin. 15. 

Foem. Long. corp. unc. Z\ ; anten. lin. 12 ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. hn. 7\ ; abdom. lin. I6-|-liu. 6-|- 
styl. anal. lin. 2=liu. 24. 

Bacillus Hookeri, White in Zool. Voy. Erebus ^- Terror, 
Ins. p. 24. pi. 6. f 6. 

Hab. New Zealand. B.M. 

Obs. This species differs from B. ausfrans especially in 
all the tibiae being destitute of spines, and in the oper- 
culum of the female not extending beyond the extremity of 
the abdomen. 

The male is very slender, the abdominal segments rather 
dilated at the extremity, the seventh conical and consider- 
ably dilated at its extremity ; the eighth nearly twice the 
length of the seventh, obconic ; the ninth short, with its 
lateral apical angles strongly deflexed and extended back- 
wards, with the two anal styles elongated,- exserted, curved 
and subclavate ; the seventh and eighth ventral segments 
are very short, and the nmth does not extend beyond the 



middle of the eighth dorsal segment, it is swollen and has 
a conical protuberance near its base. The legs of the male 
are slender and scarcely serrated. The antennae of both 
sexes extend nearly to the hinder extremity of the meso- 
thorax, and are attenuated to the tip. 

The female is subrugose, much broader than the male ; 
the head and thorax distantly granulated, the anterior 
granules in front of the head arranged in a V-Uke mark ; 
the abdomen gradually narrowed to the end of the sixth 
segment, the seventh gradually widened beneath, the eighth 
and ninth gradually narrowed to the tip (the eighth much 
longer than the ninth) ; the two anal styles are elongate, 
exserted, straight and attenuated ; the operculum extends 
to the extremity of the abdomen ; the legs have all the 
femora more or less widely serrated ; the base of the fore 
femora is rosy or fulvous coloured. 

36. Bacillus annulatus, Westw. Plate VII. fig. 6. 

Gracilis, subfiliformis, mesonoto et abdomine crebre gra- 
nulosis ; pallide griseus, segmentis abdominalibus basi ob- 
scure annulatis ; antennis brevibus (longitudiue protho- 
racis), circiter 15-articulatis ; pedibus brevioribus simplici- 
bus ; abdominis segmento ultimo conico, stylis duobus 
longis conniventibus instructo (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 2^; anten. lin. 3j ; proth. lin. I ; 
mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 10-flin. 3^= 
lin. 13i. 

Hab. .' B.M. 

Slender, subfiliform, destitute of spines, smooth, with the 
mesonotum and abdominal segments finely granulose ; the 
general colour pale grey, with the abdominal segments 
banded at the base with blackish. A black line extends 
from the middle of the crown of the head to the front of the 
mesothorax, which with the metathorax is furnished on each 
side near the extremity with an elongated slightly raised 
space, whitish-grey coloured and finely punctured. The 
mesothorax is not longer than the metathorax, and- has also 
a row of tubercles on each side ; the three basal segments 
of the abdomen have a triangular dusky patch at the base 
of each, and the abdomen is greyish-white with some black 
punctures. The antennae are short (not extending beyond 
the prothorax) and l(i-jointed ; the seventh abdominal seg- 
ment is gradually dilated from the base to the extremitv, 
and the eighth is as gradually narrowed ; the ninth again 
is gradually widened, being truncate at its extremity, with 
two long anal exposed styles which cross each other ; the 
three terminal ventral segments are very short, not extend- 
ing to the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment, the 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



ninth ventral segment being swollen at its base. The legs 
are rather short and entirely destitute of spines. 

Plate VII. Fig. 6. The male, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
three terminal segments of the abdomen seen from the 
side. 



Genus 2. PACHYMORPHA. 

Pachymorpha, G. R. Gray, Be Haan, ServiUe. 
Bacillus, p., G. R. Gray (olim), Biirmeister. 

Body apterous, subcylindric or depressed, cariuated down 
the middle and scabrous. Antennae very short ; basal joint 
large, depressed. Head often bicornuted. Legs generally 
rather short, the four posterior with denticulations on the 
upper edges ; the basal joint of the fore tarsi not longer 
than the second joint. 



1. (37.) Pachymorpha squalida. 
Plate XXII. fig. 4, female, var. 
Subcylindrica, rugosa, brumieo-nigra albo mixta ; eapite 
bicorni ; mesothorace abdomineque ad apicem in medio cari- 
natis, hoc basi subdepresso et apice compresso ; pedibus 
mediocribus, posticis quatuor externe subdentatis ; anteunis 
1 1 -articulatis (foem.). 

Loug. Corp. iudiv. typic. 2" 1'"; anten. 3^'" ; proth. 1^"' ; 
mesoth. 5'" ; nietath. 4'"; abdom. 8"' + 5|"'=13i. 

Bacillus squalidus, Hope, 3IS. 

G. R. Gray, E/it. Austral, p. 3. f. 2 ; Sy/i. Phasm. 

p. 21 (Pachymorpha squalida). 
ServiUe, H. n'Orth. p. 2(J0. 
Burvieister, Handh. d. Ent. ii. 2. 562. 
Hub. In AustraHa. In Mus. Hope. 

A specimen of this species from New Holland, in the 
collection of the Rev. F. W. Hope, is represented in the 
accompanying figure (Plate XXII. fig. 4), differing from 
the typical specimen (also in the Hopean Collection) in its 
narrower form, in its much less rugose upper surface, in the 
horns of the head being small and conical (and not large 
rounded lobes), and especially in the different form of the 
terminal segments of the abdomen of the female, which in 
the type are strongly carinated, the eighth segment being 
elevated far above the ninth, which has its upper surface 
straight, but its under considerably sinuated. 

Its proportions are as follow : — 

Long. corp. unc. 2i ; anten. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. H; me- 
soth. lin. 5; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 10 + liu.7=lin. 17. 

It is entirely of an obscure grey colour varied with brown, 
the upper surface slightly rugose and irregular, with a few 



scattered jjolished granules and short raised lines. Tin- 
head is oblong, raised between the eyes, where it is armed 
with two short erect spines ; the hind margin is elevated 
and slightly tubercled at its sides. The antenna: are about 
half as long again as the head, 1 1 -jointed, the basal joint 
large and wide at its base, the upper surface with a raised 
line down the middle. The protliorax above is irregular, 
with an impressed line in the centre, and with two pro- 
minent granules in the middle of its fore margm. The 
meso- and metathorax and the abdominal segments have a 
raised line down the middle of the back ; the five basal seg- 
ments have the sides parallel, the sixth is gradually nar- 
rowed to its hinder extremity, the seventh is parallel at the 
sides ; the eighth and ninth are long and gradually acumi- 
nated to the tip, which is entire and pointed, the two minute 
caudal styles not being visible from above. The opercu- 
lum is small, and does not extend to the middle of the 
ninth dorsal segment ; it is notched at its tip. The legs 
are rather short and entirely destitute of spines. 

Plate XXII. Fig. 4. The female specimen above described, of 
the natural size. 4 a. The head and prothorax seen side- 
ways. 46. The three terminal segments of the abdomen 
seen sideways. 

Should this insect ultimately prove to be distmct, it may 
be allowed to retain the specific name of Bacillus Pasithoi 
which I had proposed for it. 



2. (38.) Pachymoi-pha ? simplicipes. 

Corpore (prsesertim foeminse) rugoso, fusco-cinereo ; 
thorace et abdomine carina dorsali, vertice cornubus duobus 
pariis depressis ; eapite postice subtuberculato ; protho- 
race subquadrato, tuberculis duobus spinifbrmibus marginis 
antici ; mesothorace tuberculis duobus spinosis marginis 
antici (in fcemina majoribus) ; metathorace mesothorace 
paullo breviori ; abdomine fceminse segmentis 4 vel 5 basa- 
libus utrinque tuberculo parvo spinoso in margine postico ; 
pedibus mediocribus, corpori concoloribus, in utro^iue sexu 
muticis (mas et fccm.). 

Long. corp. maris 16 lin., fcem. 20 hn. 

Pachymorpha simplicipes, Servi/le, H. n. Orth. p. 2.j9. 
Hah. In Nova HoUandia. In Mus. Paris. 

Ohs. The male of this species which I have examined, 
in the National Museum at Paris, has the penultimate seg- 
ment of the abdomen much swollen, oval, and nearly twice 
the width of the preceding segment. I did not find the 
female. 



16 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



3. (39.) Pachymorplia Hystriculea. Plate I. fig. 4. 
Fusca, rugosa, opaea, spinisque nunierosis arraata ; 
lateribus mesonoti ferrugineis ; segraentis apicalibus ab- 
dominis lutescentibus ; antennarum articulis nonnullis iuter- 
mediis apice obscuris ; capite inter oculos tuberciilis duobus 
instrncto, abdominisque segmento 4to lateribus dilatatis fo- 
lioloque dorsali spinisque armato ; pedibus spinosis (foem.). 

Long. corp.lin.20 ; anten. lin. 4 ; proth.lin. l\; mesoth. 
lin. 4; metath. liu. 31 ; abdom. lin. 7+lin.-3=lin. 10. 

H(tb. Nova Zealandia. B.M. 

The head is widened from the hind part to the eyes, be- 
tween which are two obtuse tubercles irregular at the top, 
and behind each of these is a row of small raised granules. 
The antennse are very short, l6-jointed, with the seventh, 
tenth, thirteenth and sixteenth joints dark at the tips. The 
prothorax is as large as the head, with two small spines on 
its hinder part. The mesothorax is armed with two spines 
near its anterior extremity, two near the middle, and two 
near the hind margin, scarcely placed in regular pairs, and 
the hinder extremity is armed with several smaller spines. 
The metathorax bears a pair of spines near its fore end, and 
its extremity is dilated and armed with several divergent 
spines ; the six basal segments of the abdomen are armed 
with a spine on each side near the base, the fourth seg- 
ment being furnished with a dorsal and two lateral foliaceous 
rugose appendages ; the terminal segments of the abdomen 
are narrower than the others. The operculum extends be- 
neath the seventh, eighth, and base of the ninth segments ; 
it is emarginate at its tip, and the ninth segment is fur- 
nished beneath near its tip with two deflexed styles. The 
body beneath is rugosely granulated, with a few small spines 
arranged symmetrically on the abdominal segments. The 
legs are of moderate length, the fore femora curved at 
the base, and slightly serrated on the upper edge ; the four 
posterior femora are armed with three or four small spines 
both on the anterior and posterior margins ; the tibiae are 
furnished with a few small serratures. 

Plate I. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
head, pro- and mesothorax seen laterally. 4 b. The abdo- 
men seen laterally. 4 c. The three terminal segments seen 
beneath. 

4. (40.) Pachymorpha? Omphale, Westw. 
Plate IL fig. 5. 

Lutea (viridis insecto vivente ?), opaca, supra carina lon- 
gitudinali mediana alterisque tribus minoribus utrinque e 
capite ad anum extensis, corpore e fronte ad segmentum 
6uni abdominis sensim dilatato, segmentis reliquis atte- 



uuatis ; cercis duobus analibus porrectis ; opercnlo fere ad 
apicem abdominis extenso (foem.). 

Long. corp. lin. 20 ; anten. lin. 3 ; proth. lin. 1 ; me- 
soth. lin. 31 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 7i -t- lin. 3 = 
lin. lOi. 

Hal. In Africa australi. B.M. 

Entirely opake and of a dirty luteous colour (probably 
green whilst alive), and distinguished by a strong raised 
line extending down the middle of the back from the head 
to the extremity of the body, having moreover three slender 
carinse on each side of the central one, the middle one of 
the three on each side being less distinct than the other 
two ; the outer margin of the body is acute and margined ; 
beneath, the body is furnished with five similar longitudinal 
carina, besides another on each side close within the lateral 
margin. The head is rather small. The antennae very 
short, about 20-jointed, the basal joint being large and di- 
lated. The body is gradually dilated from the head to the 
sixth segment of the abdomen, behind which it is attenuated, 
being terminated by two small oval appendages ; the oper- 
culum itself nearly extending to the extremity of the ninth 
segment of the abdomen. The legs are short and simjde, 
the anterior femora curved at the- base ; the tibife are 
straight and slender. 

Plate II. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. An- 
tenna magnified. 5 b. The three terminal segments of the 
abdomen seen laterally. 

Genus 3. ANISOMOKPHA. 
Anisomorpha, G. R. Gray, Burm., Be Haan. 

Body rather short, cylindrical in the male, robust and 
subdepressed in the female, glabrous. Antennae mode- 
rately long, multiarticulate, second and third joints of equal 
length. Legs unequal, those of the males long, those of 
the females short and robust ; basal joint of the tarsi short. 
Mesothorax occasionally furnished \^ith rudimental tegmina. 

1. (41.) Anisomorpha ferrugine a. 

Fusco-ferr uginea, aptera ; mas filiformis ; jjedibus cor- 
pore longioribus, viridibus. 

Foemina ovato-oblonga ; pedibus corpore brevioribus ; 
mesothorace nee nou abdominis basi utrinque vitta viridi. 

Lmig. corp. maris 1" G'", foem. 2" 3'". 

Phasma ferruginea. Pal. Beam. Ins. Orthopt. pi. 14. f. 6, 7- 
G. It. G^ray, Syn. Phasm. p. 18 (Anisomorpha ferru- 
ginea). 
Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 570. 

Hab. In Carolina et Virginia. 



PHASMID^. ANISOMORPHA. 



2. (42.) Anisomoi-pha buprestoides. 

Mas. Flava, post mortem rufo-fusca, linea media dorsali 
nee uou utrinque lateral! nigra ; pedibus nigro liueatis ; an- 
tennis rufo-brunneis. 

Long. corp. mas 1" 10'"; anten. 10'". Fcem. 3" 1'" ; 
anten. 1" 1'". 

Foem. Phasma buprestoides, Le Spectre Air d'Escarbot 
Sfoll, Spectr. pi. 23. f. 8/ (fem.). 

G.R. Gray, St/n. F/iasm. p. 19 (Anisomorpba bupres- 
toides). 
Spectnim bivittatum. Say, Amer. Ent. iii. pi. 38. 
Mas. Phasma vermicularis, StoU, Spectr. pi. 23. f. 88. 
Burmeister, Hamlh. d. Ent. ii. 2. 570. 
Hab. In Georgia Americse septentrioualis. B.M. 



3. (43.) Anisomorplia Bogotensis. 

Bre\ns, nigra, nitida ; capite quadrato ; protboracis stig- 
matibus anticis marginatis ; mesotborace prothorace linea 
dimidia lougiore ; elytris absque minimis, ovatis, fuscis ; 
pedibus brevibus ; operculo apicem abdominis attiugente 
(mas et foem.). 

Lat. mesoth. 2i"'. Long. corp. 121'"; proth. U'"; me- 
soth. 2'"; ped. aut. et med. 9'" ; ped. post. 10'". 

Bacteria Bogotensis, Goudot in Guerin'sMag. deZool. 1843 
Ins. pi. 125. . ' 

Phasma (Anisomorpba) uuicolor, Be Ilaan, Urth. Orient 
p. 102. 

Hab. Santa Fe de Bogota. B.M., Mus. Saunders, &c. 

Numerous specimens of this species, in all stages of 
growth from the egg to the imago, are in i\Ir. Saunders's 
collection, received from ]\I. Goudot himself. The alary 
tubercles a])pear as minute oval lobes immediately beneath 
each of the posterior lateral angles of the mesouotum and 
of the anterior half of the metanotum ; they are equally de- 
veloped in both sexes, and appear when the insect is not 
above one-fourth of its full size. When the insect is full- 
grown, they are pale straw-coloured, depressed, and with 
the surface marked with a number of small impressions. 
The fourth segment of the abdomen of the male is armed 
beneath with two deflexed obtuse spines. The legs are 
clothed with short hairs. 



4. (44.) Anisomorphar Roulimi. 

Plate XXV. fig. 10, male; fig. II, female. 

Nigra, nitida, tevis ; femoribus leete fulvis, apice nigris ; 

meso- et metanoto inei-mibus ; abdominis maris segmento 

4to subtus integro, apicali rotimdato, postice inciso, fce- 



nnnse integro ; operculo famiaa; apicem abdominis attin. 
gente (mas et foem.). 

Mas. Long. corp. lin. 9^ ; anten. lin. 7 ; |)roth. lin. 1 ; 
mesoth. lin. ix ; metath. lin. li; abdom. lin. 3 + lih. 2 = 
lin. 5. 

Foem. Long. corp. lin. 13 ; anten. lin. Gi ; proth. liu. 1 J ; 
mesoth. liu. If; metath. lin. If; abdom. lin. 4-|-lin. 2= 
lin. C. 

Bacteria Roulinii, Goudot, MS. in GumH'.^ Ma,/, de Zoo/ 
1843, p. 4. 

Hob- In Cordillera orientali. Paramos ; Nova Granada 
(31. Goudot). In Mus. Saunders. 

Closely allied and very similar m general characters to 
An. Bogotensis, but at once distinguished by the striking 
contrast of the colour of its thighs to the rest of the body, 
and by the want of the alary tubercles. 

The male is slender, subcylindrical ; the female broader, 
especially across the middle of the body ; black, glossy, 
destitute of spines or tubercles. The antenna; are about 
two-thirds of the length of the body in the male, and about 
half its length in the female. The mesothorax is but little 
longer than the prothorax. The male has the three ter- 
minal ventral segments very much swollen, but not extend- 
ing beyond the eighth dorsal segment ; the anal styles arc- 
larger and incurved. The operculum of the female is thin, 
acute, and bent upwards at the tip. The legs are mode- 
rately long, simple, entirely black, except the femora, which 
are fulvous red, with the tips black. 

Pl.\te XXV. Fig. 10. The male, of the natural size. 10 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Fig. 11. The female, of the natural size. 11 a. The terminal 
segments seen sideways. 

5. (4.7.) Anisomoi-pha Paromalus, Jl'estw. 
Plate IV. fig. 1, male. Pl.^te III. fig. 5, female. 

Nigra, nitida ; capite et thorace toto utrinque vitta lou- 
gitudiuali castaneo-rufa ; antennis pedibusque piceis; capite, 
l)ro- et metathorace inermibus ; mesotborace versus angu- 
los anticos spinuloso ; pedibus brevibus, anticorum femo- 
ribus ad basin parum curvatis ; abdomine inermi, maris 
apice clavato, focmiua e basi ad apicem sensim attenuate, 
apice rotundato. 

Long. corp. maris unc. 1^ ; anten. liu. 10 ; proth. lin. If ; 
mesoth. liu. 3 ; metath. Im. 2J ; abdom. lin. 7-|-lin. 2^ = 
lin. 9i. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 2^ ; anten. liu. 14 ; proth. Im. 2^; 
mesoth. ILi. 5 ; metath. lin. 41 ; abdom. liu. lO-f-lin. 3 = 
hn. 13. 

Hab. Venezuela {Dyson). B.M. 



IS 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Glossy black ; the head, pro-, meso- and metathorax vnth 
an ill-defined longitudinal chestnut-red vitta on each side ; 
the legs and antennae pitchy ; the body beneath pitchy- 
black and rather glossy. The head has two minute im- 
pressions near the anterior margin behind the antennae, 
and two others in the front of the crown. The head, pro- 
and metathorax, as well as the abdomen, are destitute of 
spines ; but the mesothorax is spinulose towards the an- 
terior angles. The body is gradually widened from the 
head to the middle legs ; the metathorax is rather oblong, 
the sides slightly dilated. The abdomen of the male is 
gradually narrowed from the base to the seventh segment, 
which, with the eighth and ninth, form a short oval club, 
the ninth being notched at the tip, with two curved setose 
st3'les beneath ; the terminal ventral segment does not ex- 
tend to the middle of the ninth dorsal one ; the eighth 
ventral segment being short and constricted at the sides. 
The abdomen of the female is gradually narrowed from the 
base to the ninth segment, which is rounded behind, ex- 
posing the extremity of the two styles (fig. 5 a**). The 
operculum does not extend beyond the middle of the ninth 
dorsal segment, exposing a flattened bipartite membranous 
])iece (5 a o). The legs are rather short and robust, en- 
tirely simple ; the fore femora scarcely curved at the base. 

Plate IV. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. The 

three terminal segments of the abdomen seen from beneath. 

1 b. The same seen sideways. 
Plate III. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a, The 

terminal segment of the abdomen seen from beneath. 

5 b. The same seen sideways. 

6. (46.) Anisomorpha pardalina, TTestw. 
Plate V. fig. 1, male ; fig. 2, female. 

Crassa, subcylindrica, glabra, obscure virescenti-albida, 
obscurius variegata ; abdomine nitido, lutescenti maculis 
striolisque castaneis, tegminibus obscure viridi-fuscis, reti- 
culatis ; pedibus perbrevibus, robustis, inermibus, auticis 
basi hand curvatis (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris uuc. 2, lin. .5 ; anten. lin. 10 ; proth. 
lin. 3^; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. II -f 
lin. 4J=lin. \5\. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3^ ; antcn. hn. 10 ; proth. lin. 4^; 
mesoth, lin. h ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 15 -|- lin. 6|^= 
lin. 2Ii. 

Hab. Chili. B.M. 

The male is glabrous and coloured in the same way as 
the female, but with the markings more suffused (possibly 
the effect of grease). The head is short and broad, punc- 
tured on the disc with two minute impressions between the 



eyes ; the ujiper lip is prominent and rounded ; the antenufe 
are short and 20-jointed. The prothorax is wider than the 
head, with the anterior angles rounded, exposing the sj)i- 
racles ; the disc is rather uneven and slightly punctured. 
The mesothorax is considerably dilated, its dorsal portion 
elevated, and furnished at its hind part with a pair of flat, 
semiovate, elytriform, dark greenish-brown wing-cases, 
strongly reticulated, but immoveable, and only extending 
over the basal part of the metathorax, which latter is 
spotted like the segments of the abdomen, and bears a pair 
of minute rudimental wings, of a dirty straw colour, and 
soldered to the surface at its base. The abdomen is elon- 
gate, gradually narrowed from the base to the seventh seg- 
ment in the male, the three terminal segments forming 
an oval mass ; the three terminal ventral segments short 
and gaping widely, exposing the complicated male organs 
of generation. The abdomen of the female is broader and 
swollen, the lateral margins being more membranous than 
the disc ; it is gradually narrowed from the base to the 
extremity, which is rounded aud entire. The operculum 
is short and flat, not extending beyond the middle of the 
eighth dorsal segment. The legs are dirty olive-brown, 
mottled with buff; they are short and very strong, and 
entirely destitute of spines ; the fore femora are not bent 
at the base. The body beneath is pale luteous-buff, very 
slightly spotted with dark brown. 

Plate V. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
three terminal segments of the abdomen seen from beneath . 
I b. The same seen sideways. **. The two anal styles, 
t. A small, central, curved, horny point. %• Two horny, 
flattened, curved appendages ; the right-hand one (as seen 
from below) much longer than the other, o o. Two conical 
elongated leathery lobes. 

Obs. There is only one fully-developed male in the 
National Collection, and the anal ai)pendages may possibly 
have become distorted in their position whilst drying. 

Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 b. The three terminal 
segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 2 a. The same 
seen from beneath. 



7. (47.) Anisomorpha crassa. 

Fusca, subnitida ; capite punctato-granulato, prfesertim 
in mare ; antennis fusco-testaceis, basi obscurioribus ; meso- 
thorace prothoracis lougitudine ; elytris squamiformibus, 
valde reticulatis ; pedibus crassis, carinatis, punctatis. 

Long. corp. maris lin. 18 ; foem. lin. 24-30. 

Anisomorpha crassa, Blanchard in Gaifs Hist. Chili, \i. 
p. 28.pl. l.f. 7. 

Hub. Chih. Mus. Paris. 



PHASMID^. ANISOMORPHA. 



The National Museum in Paris contains several speci- 
mens of this species, which I have examined, and which 
differ considerably from each other. The sjjecimen repre- 
sented in M. Gay's work is a large female, which bears a 
strong general resemblance to, and has rudimentary teg- 
mina as fully developed and the abdomen as gradually 
attenuated as in, the female of An. parduliiia. Others, of 
a much narrower form, with the sides of the body nearly 
parallel, have the hind margin of the mesothorax dilated at 
each side, with a deep rounded notch in the middle. These 

are evidently males, the largest measuring as follows: 

Head, 2 lines ; prothorax, 2i luies ; mesothorax (to extre- 
mity of lateral scales), 3^ lines ; metathorax, 3 lines ; ab- 
domen, 1 1 lines : total, 23 hues. 

Another specimen, which is evidently a female, measures 
more than half an inch longer than the specimen fio-ured 
in M. Gay's work, its dimensions being : — Head, 2 hues ; 
prothorax, 3^ lines ; mesothorax, Ji lines ; metathorax, 
4i lines ; abdomen, 18 lines = 33 Hues, or 2 J inches. It 
has the thoracic portion of the body considerably narrower 
than the female figured by M. Gay ; the prothorax is 
nearly square and smooth ; the mesonotum rather oblong 
and only slightly emarginate behind, without any decided 
indication of the rudimentary wing-scales ; the metanotuni 
rather oval, and the abdominal segments gradually atte- 
nuated to the tip. From these characters there seems to 
me to be reasonable doubt whether this specimen, from 
its larger size, can be a female of this species with the 
wing-covers undeveloped. I should be rather inclined to 
consider it as a distinct species, for which I would propose 
the provisional specific name oi An. grylloides. 

8. (48.) Anisomorpha flavomaculata. 

Picea; prothoracis maculis irregularibus, mesothoracis 
maculis quiuque, metathoracis maculis duabus lateralibus, 
femorumque basi obscure lutescentibus. 

Long. 50 millim. 

Anisomorpha flavomaculata, Blanchard in D' Orhigmj, Voy. 
Amer. Merid. Entomol. p. 215. pi. 26. f. G. 

Hab. In Bolivia, Santa Cruz, sub corticibus arborum 
emortuarum. 



9. (49.) Anisomorpha Semele, Westw. 

Plate XXV. fig. 7. 

Nigra, lajvis, nitida, inermis ; capita et pedibus piceis ; 

capite subquadrato, inter oculos bi-impresso ; prothorace 

capitis magnitudine ; mcsothorace lateribus dilatatis, mar- 

gine postico recto ; mctathorace paullo breviori, margine 



19 

postico recto ; segmentis abdominalibiis sensim angustiori- 
bus, intermediis impressione transversa versus marginem 
posticum, segmento apicali oblongo-ovali, apice rotundato ; 
operculo apicem abdominis attingente ; pedibus posticis, 
subbrevibus, simplicibus (focm.). 

Long. Corp. fcem. lin. 1 7 ; (nnten. fracta;) ; protli. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 5 + lin. 3 = 
lin. 8. 

Ilab. The Andes ; Peru. "BM. 

The only specimen I have seen of this species is a very 
imperfect female in the National Collection. It is jet-black, 
impunctate, very glossy, and has the head and hind legs 
pitchy ; it is smooth, and destitute of spines or tubercles. 
The liead and prothorax are of nearly equal size ; the former 
has the sides behind the eyes nearly straight, and the 
crown of the head is marked with two impressions between 
the eyes. The prothorax is slightly margined at the sides, 
the anterior angles spiraculiferous. The mesothorax is 
gradually widened from the anterior margin to the middle, 
from whence to the base the sides are nearly parallel ; it is 
impressed on each side within the lateral margin and 
slightly in the middle of the disc ; the hind margin is 
straight, and destitute of rudimentary wing-scales. Tlie 
metathorax is as broad as the widest part of the meso- 
thorax, subconvex ; the lateral margin constricted rather 
before the middle, exposing the dilated flanks of the meta- 
sternum. The abdomen is gradually narrowed from the 
base to the extremity ; the three terminal segments are 
arched above, the ninth being obtusely rounded and ex- 
posing the extremity of the operculum, which extends 
beneath the three terminal joints ; the two anal styles are 
very short and ovate. The four fore legs are wanting ; the 
two hind ones are short, strong and simple. 

Plate XXV. Fig. 7. The female, of the natmal size. 7 a. 
The three terminal segments seen sideways. 



10. (50.) Anisomorpha ? Cerberus, Westw. 
Plate L fig. C. 

Nigra, glabra, nitida (femorum anticorum basi tantum 
albida) ; mesothorace supra antice tuberculo magno ovali 
laevi instructo; hoc et mctathorace postice elevatis, dilatatis; 
abdomine angusto, segmentis 7 et 8 incrassatis, 9no pro- 
funde bifido ; anteuuis brevibus ; pedibus valde elongatis, 
gracilibus; femoribus versus apicem subtus scrrulatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^ ; anten. lin. 1 1 ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. hn. 5 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 10 -(- lin. 5 = 
lin. 15. 



Hab. Ceylon. 



B.M. 



20 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



The entire body is glossy black and smooth, the fore 
femora alone being dirty buff at the base ; the body be- 
neath is smooth aud polished, with tlie joints simple. The 
head is oval, convex, polished and smooth, with two small 
impressions in front of the crown. The antennae are short, 
16-jointed, the basal joint small, the second square, the 
remainder oblong and setose. The prothorax is widest 
behind the middle. The mesothorax is constricted at its 
base, rather dilated before the middle, narrowed again 
behind the middle, and dilated at its hind part ; the swollen 
anterior part bears a large oval raised tubercle. The meta- 
thorax is more than half the length of the mesothorax, 
dilated behind the middle, where, as well as near the base, 
it is furnished with a raised transverse ridge. The abdo- 
men is long and rather slender, the fourth segment being 
the narrowest, whence it is gradually dilated to the eighth 
joint, which is swollen at its sides ; the ninth joint being 
considerably narrower, shorter, and deeply notched, the 
two divisions of the notch being deflexed ; the ninth ven- 
tral segment is also swollen beneath, and notched at its 
extremity, which does not extend to the extremity of the 
dorsal surface ; the basal segments are transversely swollen 
across the hind part, and the hind ones are marked with 
longitudinal impressions. The legs are very long and 
slender, the fore femora but slightly curved at the base, 
and all the femora iinely serrated from the middle to the 
extremity on the under side. 

Plate I. Fig.fi. The male, of the natural size. 6 a. The head, 
thorax, aud first abdominal segment seen laterally. 6 b. 
The four terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 

I am induced to place this insect in the present genus 
on account of its uniform black colour and polished sur- 
face. It ill accords, however, with the preceding species, 
owing to the great length of its legs and the nodose struc- 
ture of its thoracic segments. 

Genus 4. DIAPHEROMERA. 

Diapheromera, G. R. Gray, Serville. 
Bacteria, p., Burmeister, Be Haan. 

Body elongate ; that of the male cylindric, that of the 
female broader and somewhat thickened. Thorax long, gla- 
brous. Abdomen shorter than the thora.x. Legs lono-; 
intermediate femora in the male thickened and spined, in 
the female slender and simple. Antennae elongated. 

1. (51.) Diapheromera Sayi. 
Viridescenti-brunnea ; capite flavescenti fasciis tribus 
fuscis ; femoribus anticis viridibus, iutermediis in mare 



crassis, flavo-brunneis, fusco-annulatis, quatuor posticis 
subtus juxta apicem spina picea acuta armatis. Fcemina 
paullum incrassata, cinerea, robusta ; pedibus gracilibus, 
quatuor posticis spinosis. 

Long. Corp. mas et foem. 2" 9'" ; anten. mas, 2" 9'" ; 
fcem. 1" 9"'. 

Spectrum femoratum, Say, Amer. Ent. iii. pi. 37. 
Diapheromera Sayi, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 18. 

Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 247. 

Burmeister, Handh. J. Ent. ii. 2. .566. 

Be Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 134 (Bacteria, sp.). 
Hab. In America septentrionali. B.M. 

2. (52.) Diapheromera calcarata. 

Femoribus concoloribus ; posticis 4 subtus ante apicem 
spina armatis ; spinis mediorum crassioribus et longioribus 
(mas). 

Long. corp. 2" 9'". 

Bacteria (Bacunculus) calcarata, Burmeister, Hundb. d. 
Ent. ii. p. 566. 

Be Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 134. 

Hab. In Mexico. 



Genus 5. BACTERIA. 

Bacteria, Latreille, Serville, G. R. Gray, Be Haan, Bur- 
meister. 

Body apterous in both sexes, that of the male slender, 
filiform, of the female more robust, cylindric. Head small, 
sometimes cornuted. Antennae long, setaceous. Thorax 
smooth, or but slightly rugose, nearly as long as the abdo- 
men. Abdomen of moderate length, or long ; glabrous. 
Legs long, equal in length in the opposite sexes, simple, 
and without membranous lobes to the thighs ; basal joint 
of the tarsi sometimes dilated, erect, longer than the three 
following. 

1. (53.) Bacteria Calamus. 
" Filiformis, cyliudrica, aptera, virescens ; autennis seta- 
ceis, flavescentibus ; capite Iseve, glabro, flavescenti, cor- 
pore magis obscuro ; pedibus flavescentibus ; femoribus 
hneis elevatis striatis." (Fabr.) 

Mantis Calamus, Fabricius, Ent. Syst. ii. p. 13 ; Ent. Syst. 
Swppl. p. 187 (Phasma Cal.). 

Serville, Ann. Sci. Nat. xxii. p. 64 (Bacteria Cal.). 

G. R. Grill/, Si/n. Phasm. p. 17 (ibid.). 

Biinn. Uii'iidh'd. Ent. ii. 2. p. 564 (ibid. foem.). 

Lichteiisteiii in Linn. Trans, vi. p. 10. 

Latreille, Gen. Crust, et Ins. iii. p. 88. 

Lamarck, An. s. Vert. iv. 255 (Spectrum Cal.). 
Hab. In Insula Sanctfe Crucis (F«5/-.) ; Surinam, Brazil 
(Barm.). l^.M. 



PHASMID.E. BACTERIA. 



21 



The above description is copied from Faljricius, and it 
will be seen that it affords no absolute characters either for 
the determination of the species or sex of the insect which 
served for the Fabrician description, and which was con- 
tained in the Collection of Lund. The insect which was 
regarded as this species by Mr. G. R. Gray, in the Collec- 
tion of Mr. Children, is now in the British ^Museum Col- 
lection. It is a female, measuriug 3 inches 7 lines in 
length, and was received from the Rev. L. Guilding of St. 
Vincents. The description given by Mr. G. R. Gray is — 
" Virescens, corpore subplano, subscabro, linea media ele- 
vata ; fenioribus lincis elevatis striatis." The proportions 
of the body are — Head, lin. 2^; proth. lin. 2; mesoth. 
lin. 101; metath. lin.4f ; abdom. lin. 17 + lin. .5=liu. 22. 
The abdomen is destitute of dorsal appendages, and is 
gradually narrowed to the extremity, where it is slightly 
truncated, exposing the two small anal styles. The oper- 
culum varies in length in different specimens ; the full- 
grown indi\-iduals having it extended beyond the last seg- 
ment of the body about the length of this joint ; in others 
it only reaches to the extremity of the body. 

The insect, however, which Dr. Burmeister regards as 
B. Calamus, is quite distinct from that above described by 
Gray. His character is — 

B. Calamus, abdominis segmento 4to supra pone mar- 
ginem posticum lobato. Mas : Isevis, tarsorum articulo Imo 
subcristato ; relatio mesothoracis ad metathoracem=3 : 2 ; 
abdominis segmento penultimo utrinque processu acuto 
dependente. Foemina : subscabra, thorace spinoso, tarsorum 
articulo 1 mo cristato ; relatio mesothoracis ad metathora- 
cem = 8 : ,5. 

Long. Corp. maris 4" 9'"; foem. 7" 1'". 

The male is referred to Stoll's fig. 81 (not 87 as mis- 
printed in Burmeister) ; but Stoll's insect is nearly 5^ 
inches long, and his figure neither represents any lobe on 
the fourth dorsal segment of the abdomen, nor any dilata- 
tion of the basal joint of the tarsi ; whilst the female de- 
scribed by Burmeister is twice the length of Guilding's 
specimen described by Gray. An examination of the 
Lundian specimen, if still in existence at Kiel, can alone 
solve this question. 

Stoll's figure 81, on the other hand, is given by Mr. G. 
R. Gray as the larva of a species of Cladoxerus (" C. fili- 
formis ? " G. R. Gray) ; and in the Paris Museum I found 
a similar male sent from 'De la Mana' by Leschenault, 
named Cladoxerus gracilis, fern.* I entirely agree with 
Dr. Burmeister in regarding Stoll's figure as the male of 

* M. Scrville also (Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. p. 60) regards this figure of 
StoU as the larva of a male of the genus Cladoxerus. 



a large species of Bacteria ; but it appears to me uncertain 
to which species it really belongs. 

2. (.54.) Bacteria Canna.' 

Abdomine cyhndrico ; tarsorum articulo Imo cristato, 
medio angulato ; pedum mediorum femoribus prope basin 
uuilobatis. Mas. Mesothorace Isevi ; tarsorum articulo 
Imo reliquis longiore. 

Long. Corp. 5" 4'"; mesoth. 1" G"' ; metath. 1". 

Foemina. Mesothorace spinoso vel spinuloso ; tarsorum 
articulo Imo reliquis sequali. 

Long. Corp. 7^" ; mesoth. 2" ; metath. 14'". 

Phasma (Bacteria) Canna, De Haan, Orthopt. Orient. 
p. 101. 

Hab. Apud Proraont. Bon. Spei. 

" Obs. Affiue B. muricatcE Illig., Burm., sed majus." 



3. (55.) Bacteria simplicitarsis. 

" B. Arumatiis affinis, pedibus gracihbus, tarsorum ar- 
ticulo Imo longo simplici." — G. R. Gray. 
Bacteria simplicitarsis, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 43. 

Hab. ? B.M. 

Obs. The tjrpical specimen of this insect, described as 
above by Mr. G. R. Gray, is in the National Collection. 
It is 6^ inches long ; the relative lengths being — head, lin. 3 ; 
prothorax.lin. 2i ; mesothorax,lin.20 ; metathorax, lin. 13; 
abdomen, lin. 35 + lin. 6 = lin. 41. The three terminal 
segments of the abdomen are very short, the last nearly 
square, with the anal styles very short, but exserted at 
the hinder angles of the joint ; the operculum extends 
beyond the last joint to about the length of the latter ; the 
four hind femora are simple, except near the tips beneath, 
where they are armed with a small conical spinose lobe or 
compound spine. 

4. (5(3.) Bacteria Baucis, TVesfw. Plate VIII. fig. 8. 

Elongata, subgracilis, pallide lutescens (viridis insecto 
vivente ?), leevis ; corpore inermi, subcylindrico ; segmenti 
basalis abdominis margine laterali membranaceo setoso, 
segmentis duobus ultimis bre\'ioribus, 9uo in medio mar- 
giuis postici inciso ; antennis et pedibus elongatis ; femori- 
bus omnibus versus apicem subtus spina instrnctis (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 4i ; anten. lin. 40 ; proth. hn. 2| ; 
mesoth. lin. 12j; metath. hn. 7; abdom. lin. 23 -|- lin. 5 
=lin. 28. 

Bab. ? B.M. 



22 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Body moderately slender, elongate, subcylindric ; tlie 
mesotliorax rather narrowed in front, entirely pale luteous 
buff; a slender line extending down the middle of the tho- 
racic and abdominal segments ; the body entirely destitute 
of spines ; the head slightly tubercled behind. The an- 
tennae long and slender. The meso- and metathorax 
slightly dilated at the place of insertion of the legs. The 
basal segment of the abdomen has the lateral connecting 
membrane clothed with short brown setse set at right angles 
to the body ; the eighth and ninth segments are short ; 
the ninth with the outer terminal angles rounded, and the 
apical margin notched in the middle ; the short anal styles 
are visible at the sides ; the operculum extends to the ex- 
tremity of the ninth dorsal segment, it is acute at the tip, 
and very slightly swollen beneath in the middle. The legs 
are of moderate length ; and all the femora are armed on 
the under side near the tip with a small spine. 

Plate VIII. Fig. 8. The female, of tlie natural size. 8 u. The 
terminal segments of the body. 

Another somewhat smaller specimen from the Swain- 
sonian Collection has the membranous connexion between 
the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the hinder segments fur- 
nished with short setae. 

5. (57.) Bacteria Aruinatia, Stall. 
Plate XXIII. fig. 4, var. ? 
Fusca, testaceo-annulata ; pedibus aliquanto corpore bre- 
vioribus ; tarsorum articulo I mo triangulari erecto ; corpore 
in utroque sexu laevi, inermi. 

Long. Corp. maris 4" 8'" ; foem. G" 7\'" — 7". 

Small Brazil Quill Locust, Petiver, Gacoj)h. tab. ix. fig. 2, 

cut 551. 
Phasma Arumatia (Le Branche de Bouillot), StoN, Spectr 
pi. 13. f. 51?. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. j). 16. 
(Bacteria arumatia) Servil/e, H. N. Orth. p. 223. 
Mantis baculus, Roesel, Ins. Bel. Gryll. pi. H). f. 10. 
Oliv. Enc. MM. vii. p. 638. no. 71. pi. 13. f. 2. 
Mantis Ferula, FaLr. Ent. Sijst. ii. p. 12 ; Ent.Syst. Suppl. 
p. 187 (Phasma ferula). 

Lafrcille, Gen. Cr. et Ins. iii. p. 88. 
Lic/ifeiist. Linn. Trans, vi. p. 10. no. 1. 
Serville, Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. p. 64 (Bacteria ferula). 
Burmeister, Handb. d. JS'?j;.ii.2.5G4(B. ferula, fem.). 
Lamarck, An. s. Vert. iv. 256 (Spectrum ferula). 
Huh. In India occidentali, Guadeloupe. B.M. 

The female of this species is tolerably well represented 
by Stoll, whose figure exhibits the unarmed head, smooth 
body, and angnlated basal joint of all the tarsi. Fabricius 
does not refer his Ph. ferula to Stoll, nor does his descrip- 
tion — " M. magna, elongata ; corpore filiformi, aptero, 



viridi ; pedibus longitudine corporis ; femoribus angulatis, 
posticis 4 apice spinosis ; antennae mediocres, apice fuscae ; 
corjjus totum laeve, glabrum, viride absque elytris et alis " 
— quite satisfactorily agree with Stoll's figure. Lichtenstein 
quotes both Stoll and Fabricius under his ferula, with the 
character — " Ph. pedibus aliquanto corpore brevioribus, tar- 
sorum articulo Imo triangulari erecto ; anticorum pedum 
femora et tibiee apice subspinoscB." Dr. Burmeister chiefly 
distinguishes the female of B. Arumatia (ferula, F. Burm.) 
from those of B. Calamus, muricata and simplex by the 
smooth surface of the body. 

Mr. W. W. Saunders possesses an insect of large size, 
which I refer to this species with some doubt. It is a 
female, represented of the natural size, in PI. XXIII. fig. 4, 
and measures 8| in. in length ; its proportions being — 
antennae, unc. 4 ; head, lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. 
lin. 24 ; metath. lin. 15 ; abdom. lin. 48i + lin. 8-|-oper- 
cul. hn. 2^=lin. 59. The head is oval, very convex, with 
a minute tubercle on each side near the inner hinder angle 
of the eyes. The body is smooth ; the thorax with a very 
slender raised line on each side within the lateral margin ; 
the fourth and fifth dorsal segments of the abdomen have 
a small foliaceous lobe in the middle of the hind margin ; 
the terminal segment of the abdomen is nearly square ; 
the hind margin entire ; the two anal styles visible at the 
sides. The operculum is granulated, and extends a quarter 
of an inch beyond the extremity of the abdomen (fig. 4 a) ; 
it is furnished within with two elongated slender filaments 
bent ujiwards at the extremity, and extending also a little 
beyond the abdomen. The legs are long and slender, 
desritute of spines or lobes, and the basal joint of all the 
tarsi is angnlated in the middle of the upper edge. It is a 
native of Columbia. If it should ultimately prove distinct, 
it may receive the name of B. Re/iiphan. 



6. (58.) Bacteria flliformis. 
" Corpore filiformi, aptero, fusco ; antennis nigris ; pe- 
dibus corpore longioribus, inermibus" (Fabr.). " Pedibus 
anticis inermibus, longitudine corporis ; antennis nigris, 
corpore et pedibus fuscis, testaceo-annulatis ; tarsorum arti- 
culis primoribus reliqnis aequalibus," i. e. baud cristatis 
{Lichfe7istein). 

Mantis flliformis, Fabricius, Ent.Si/st. ii. p. 12 ; Ent. Syst. 
Suppl. p. 186 (Phasma flliformis). 
Olivier, Enc. Meth. vii. p. 625. 
Latreille, Gen. Crust, et Ins. iii. 88. 
Serville, Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. 64. 
Lamarck, An. s. Vert. iv. 255 (Spectrum flliforme). 
Phasma cornutum, Guilding, Linn. Trans, xiv. 137, mas 
{nee cornutum, Lichtenst . = \i\cmm&, Stoll, G. R. Gray). 



PHASMIDvE. BACTEUIA. 



23 



Phasma coniutum, G. R. Grai/, Si/ii. Phasm. p. 17 (Bac- 
teria filiformis). 

Lichtetistein in Linn. Trans. \\. p. 9. pi. 1. f. 1 (Phasma 

filiformis) . 
Broion, Jamaica, 433. pi. 42. f. .>. 
Bacteria ferula, mas, Burm. Ilandb. d. Ent. ii. 2. .tG4. 
Hah. In Indiae occitlentalis insulis. 

This is another insect of which tlie insufficiency of the 
early descriptions renders identification nearly impossible. 
Fabricius, who first described the species, saw it in Dr. 
Hunter's Museum at Glasgow, and gives " In America me- 
ridionali " as its habitat. He, however, refers to Herbst's 
Archives, t. 51. f. 2. That figure, however, represents a 
species of Bacillus, as above referred to under No. 1 7. 
An examination of the Hunterian specimen, if still in exist- 
ence, will alone clear up the question as to the true Fabri- 
cian species. Lichtenstein, taking up the species, gives 
South America and the opposite islands as its locality. 
His figure represents a very slender male insect, rather 
more than 4 inches long, with the body neither spined nor 
tubercled ; the two terminal segments of the body much 
swollen, with two short anal styles at the extremity ; the 
legs long and slender, annulated with black. "TheP/i. 
filiforme in the Ohrtmannian Collection," he observes, "is 
without doubt a male, full-grown, and yet without any 
wings. Time will show whether or not the Fh. filiforme 
be the male of Ph. Hamulus" — evidently meaning Ph. fe- 
rula (arumatia), of which he states, " Habitat cum prsece- 
dente" (Ph. filiformis). 

Dr. Burmeister accordingly regards Ph. filifor7ms as the 
male of B. ferula {arumatia) ; he however describes it as 
having the first joint of the tarsi as " distinctius cristato," 
whereas Lichtenstein expressly alludes to its similarity to 
the following joints. Burmeister adds — " abdominis seg- 
mento penultimo utrinque processu acuto dependente 
nullo." 



7. (59.) Bacteria muricata. 

Mas. Leevis ; tarsorum articulo Imo supra carinato ; re- 
latio mesothoracis ad metathoracem =4:3; abdominis 
segmeuto penultimo utrinque processu acuto dependente. 

Foem. Subscabra ; thorace densius spinoso, spinis cras- 
sioribus obtusis, articulo tarsorum I mo cristato ; relatio 
mesothoracis ad metathoracem = 3 : 2 ; abdomine in utro- 
que sexu segmento 4to integro ; thorace maris Isevi, foe- 
minsB muricato. 

Long. Corp. maris 3" lOV"; fcem. 5" 8"'. 
Bacteria muricata, Burmeister, Handh. d. Ent. ii. p. 5C4. 

Hab. In Brasilia, Para. 



A male insect in the National Collection, sent from Tapa- 
jos, Brazil, by Mr. Bates, agrees tolerably well with Lieh- 
tenstein's figure oi B. filiformis. It measures rather more 
than 4 inches in its total length ; the antennae, lin. 27 ; the 
prothorax, lin. 1^^; the mesothorax, lin. 13; the metathorax, 
lin. 9 ; and the abdomen, lin. 19 + lin. 4=lin. 23. Its colour 
is rufous brown varied with green, the latter colour most 
prominent on the thoracic segments ; it is very slender and 
cylindrio ; the body and legs entirely destitute of spines or 
tubercles ; the seventh and eighth dorsal segments of the 
abdomen are dilated, each of the hinder lateral angles of 
the eighth being elongated into a deflexed spine ; the nintii 
segment is small, widened behind and subemarginate, ex- 
posing the anal styles at the sides ; the three terminal ven- 
tral segments are short, with a strong deflexed spine in 
the middle. The legs are very long, slender and simple, 
the four hind ones of a dark colour with pale bands. The 
basal joint of the tarsi is not cristated. This character 
seems to agree with the male of B. muricata of Illiger, 
which is from Para in Brazil. A larger male specimen 
(5i inches long), sent from Villa Nova by Mr. Bates, agrees 
with the preceding. 

8. (60.) Bacteria simplex. 

Aptera, elongata, obscure testacca ; antennis mediocri- 
bus ; thorace cylindrico, scabro, j)OStice attenuato ; capite 
inermi, oculis promiuulis ; pedibus anticis elongatis ; pedum 
tarsi articulo Imo triangulari erecto. 

Long. corp. 5" 3"' ; anten. 2" 4'". 

Phasma simplex, Stoll. Specfr. Index. 

G.R. Gray, Si/n. Phasm. p. 17 (Bacteria simplex). 
Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 565 (B. simplex, 
fem.). 
Le Squelette Chinois, Stoll. Specfr. t. 14. f. 55. 
Phasma Scelcton, Lichtenstein in Linn. Trans, vi. p. 10. 
Oliv. Enci/cl. Meth. vii. 039 (Mantis Sceleton). 
Hab. In China [? ?]. Mus. Holthuys. B.M. ? 

9. (61.) Bacteria hastata. 

Femoribus muticis, corpore punctis albis elevatis piliferis; 
maris cercis analibus brevibus, compressis, hirtis ; fcEminte 
cercis analibus mucronatis, hirtis ; operculo vaginali longis- 
simo, acuto, canaliculato. 

Long. Corp. maris 3" ; fceminse cum operc. vag. 4" 9'". 
Bacteria hastata, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 567. 

Hab. In Brasilia. 

10. (62.) Bacteria bicomis. 

Aptera, Isevis, glabra, cylindrica, dilute fusca ; pedibus 
elongatis, obscuro fasciatis ; femoribus angulatis, interme- 



24 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



diis subtus apice muticis ; tibiis omnibus muticis ; capite 
oblongiusculo, bicornuto, cornubus auriformibus ; maris 
tarsorum articulo basali simplici, focminae plus minusve 
supra cristate. 

Long. corp. maris 3" 6'" ; aiiten. 2" 5'". 

Long. Corp. fcem. unc. 6| ; auteu. unc. 31 ; proth. lin. 3 ; 
mesoth. lin. 17 ; metath. lin. 12J; abdom. lin. 39 + lin. .5* 
+ operc. lin. 2=lin. 46^. 

Phasma bicoruis, StoU, Specfr. Index. 

G.R. Gray, Si/n. Phusm. p. IG (Bacteria bicoruis). 
Burmeister, Haiidh. i1. Ent. ii. 2. 5G6. 
Le Spectre ou Squelcttc coruu, StoU. Spectr. t. 15. f. 57 

&57<. 
Phasma cornutum, Lichtenstein in Linn. Trans, vi. p. 10. 
GuUding, Linn. Trans, xiv. 137. pi. ( <? baud Ph. 
filiformis, Fahr.). 
Mantis Keratosqueleton, Oliv. Enc. Meth. vii. p. G39. 
Hah. In America austral! et India occideutali. B.M. 

Obs. The four hind femora in the female have an an- 
gidated dilatation near the base on the hinder edge, and 
the operculum extends beyond the extremity of the body. 
The male is excellently figured by the Rev. L. Guilding, 
as above referred to, and StoU's fig. 57 is a good repre- 
sentation of the female. 



11. (63.) Bacteria Cyphus, Westw. Plate VII. fig. 7. 

Elongata, gracilis, cylindrica, Isevis, pallide rufo-fusca ; 
capite et prothorace utrinque vitta lateral! obscura, capite 
spinis duabus latis inter oculos ; metathorace ante medium 
utrinque tuberculo lateral! ; segmento ultimo dorsal! ab- 
dominal! postice latior! et subemarginato, angulis posticis 
rotundatis ; segmento ultimo ventral! tuberculo acuto cur- 
vato instructo (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3f ; anten. unc. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; me- 
soth. lin. 10 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 19-1- lin. 4 = 
Hn. 23. 

Hab. ? B.M. 

I am only acquainted with a single male of this species, 
which appears to be closely allied to B. bicornis. It is 
long, slender, cylindrical, smooth, except a very few minute 
tubercles on the front of the mesothorax, pale rufous brown, 
the head and prothorax with a dusky line on each side 
behind the eyes, llead widest in front, with two erect, 
broad, irregularly notched horns between the eyes. An- 
tennae long and slender (reaching to the extremity of the 
fore tibise) ; mesothorax long and slender, with a few tuber- 
cles in front ; metathorax with a small prominent tubercle ou 
each side at about one-third of the distance from the base. 
Abdomen moderately long, the seventh and eighth segments 



short, widened behind ; the terminal segment still broader, 
especially behind ; the outer apical angles rounded ; the 
posterior margin slightly emarginate ; the under surface 
furnished along the extremity with numerous small teeth ; 
the anal styles rather long and thickened, but not visible 
from above. The three terminal ventral segments short, 
scarcely extending beyond the base of the ninth dorsal 
segment, the ninth swollen at its base beneath into a curved 
horny tubercle ; beyond this, extending beneath the ninth 
dorsal segment, is a strong, detached, curved, horny point. 
The legs are moderately long, especially the anterior pair ; 
the middle and hind femora are rather thickened ; the whole 
are destitute of spines. 

Plate VII. Fig. 7- The male, of the natural size. 7 a. The 
head seen sideways. 7 b. The terminal segments of the body 
seen sideways. 7 c. The same seen from beneath. 

12. (64.) Bacteria linearis. 

Obscure fusca (insecto viventi viridi) ; antennis seta- 
ceis, longitudine corporis ; pedibus gracillimis, inermibus 
(mas). 

Long. Corp. fere unc. 2^. 

Mantis linearis, Dninj, Exot. Ent. !. pi. 50. 

Bacteria linearis, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 17 (nee Ph. 

linearis, Fabr.). 

Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 567- 

Hab. In India occideutali, Antigua. B.M. 

Obs. Burmeister gives the additional character, " cercis 
analibus brevibus mucronatis obtusis." 

There is a specimen in the Banksian Collection thus 
named, which may, without much doubt, be regarded as 
typical. Its proportions are — Body, unc. 2^ ; head, lin. \\ ; 
proth. lin. \\ ; mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. 
lin. 13. The two anal styles are obliquely deflexed, and 
the terminal ventral segment scarcely extends beyond the 
base of the ninth dorsal segment. 

Two immature male specimens from the collection of 
Forstromm, marked as natives of St. Bartholomew's Island, 
are contained in the British Museum Collection, and may 
possibly be referred to this species. 



13. (05.) Bacteria crndelis, Westic. 

Elongata, cylindrica, hevis ; capite et corpore inermibus ; 
segmentis basalibus abdominis utrinque prope basin tuber- 
culo minuto armatis ; pedibus 4 posticis elougatis, fe- 
moribus crassioribus, spina forti acuta alteraque minori 
prope apicem subtus armatis (mas?). 

Long. corp. circ. unc. 5 ; cap. lin. 1|^ ; proth. lin. 2; 



PHASMIDiE. BACTERIA. 



mesoth. lin. 15 ; metath. lin. 10 ; abdominis segm. G basalia 
liu. 25 (apice mutilato). 

Hab. In India occideutali {Forstrom). B.M. 

The unique specimen of tliis insect in the National Col- 
lection is much mutilated, wanting the antennae, fore legs, 
and extremity of the abdomen. I suppose, however, that 
it is a male insect. The head is rather small and unarmed ; 
the mesothorax very long, and (as well as the metathorax) 
dilated at the insertion of the legs ; these segments are also 
unarmed. The abdominal segments are simple and slender ; 
the sis basal segments bear a small tubercle on each side 
close to the base ; they are not furnished with any dorsal 
appendage. The four hind legs are moderately long ; the 
femora rather iucrassated, and armed near the tips beneath 
with a strong and acute spine, succeeded by a smaller one ; 
the tibiae and tarsi are slender and simple. 

14. (66.) Bacteria Haita, JJ'estw. 
Plate XXV. fig. 5, male ; fig. 6, female. 

Luteo-viridis, vitta laterali palhdiori ; capite postice elon- 
gato, supra inermi, vitta media obscuriori ; mesothorace 
valde elongate ; abdomine maris cylindrico, segmento ultimo 
apice truncato, stylis eaudalibus deflexis, subconicis, apice 
iutus curvatis ; abdomine foeminse subconvexo, e medio ad 
apicem sensim attenuato, stylis eaudalibus elongatis, por- 
rectis ; pedibus gracilibus, femoribus omnibus apicem versus 
subdentieulatis (mas et fcem.) . 

jMas. Long. corp. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. \\ ; 
mesoth. hn. 9 ; metath. lin. G ; abdom. lin. 14 + hn. 2J = 
lin. 16i. 

Foem. Long. corp. unc. 4^ ; cap. lin. 2^ ; proth. Hn. 2 ; 
mesoth. liu. 13 ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 22 + lin. 5 + 
operc. lin. 2i=Un. 29i. 

Hab. In Insula St. Domingo. Mus. Saunders. B.M. 

The male is very slender and cylindrical, the thoracic 
segments being slightly dilated at the insertion of the legs. 
The body is quite smooth, scarcely polished, and destitute 
of spines. The general colour is pale luteous with a darker 
line down the middle of the back, and a slender pale green 
line down each side of the body. The head is elongated 
posteriorly, the hind margin slightly elevated, the middle 
of the raised edge being depressed ; on each side behind the 
eye is a dusky line. The mesothorax is very long, the 
metathorax about half the length of the pro- and meso- 
thorax. The abdomen is slender; the segments very shghtly 
dilated at the base, the three terminal segments short, the 
last truncate and slightly margined behind ; the anal styles 
deflexed, subconical, and curved inwards at the tip. The 



legs are long and slender, the femora sliglitly toothed be- 
neath near the tip. 

The female is larger, more robust, and of a dirty luteous 
brown colour, with shorter legs ; the surface of the body is 
smooth ; the he.ad and thoracic segments finely mottled 
with minute luteous dots ; on the crown of the head behind 
is a large, reversed, triangular pale spot, more or less distinct, 
enclosing a spear-shaped dark one. The thoracic segments 
are quite simple ; the mesothorax is greatly elongated ; the 
hinder division of the metathorax occupies only two-sevenths 
of its entire length. The abdomen is subdepressed, gra- 
dually attenuated from the third segment to the extremity, 
where it is terminated by a small, elongate, serai-ovate, 
constricted lobe, along which runs a fine central carina ; 
the anal styles are elongated and straightly porrected back- 
wards, being as long as the preceding segment, which is 
twice the length of the penultimate one ; the operculum is 
slender and acute at the tip, which scarcely extends beyond 
the middle of the last segment. The legs are rather short, 
and all the femora slightly toothed near the tip on the under 
side ; the femora and tibice are more or less distinctly varied 
with paler spots. 

In the want of an opportunity of examining the original 
insect from Antigua, described and figured by Drury under 
the name of Mantis linearis (Exot. Eut. i. pi. 50), and 
which was evidently a male insect, closely allied to the male 
above described, it is impossible to determine whether the 
latter be really distinct from Drury' s msect. (See ante, 
p. 24.) 

Plate XXV. Fig. 5. The male, of the natiual size. 5 b. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

Fif. G. The female, of the natmal size. 6 a. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen sideways. G b. The extremity 
of the last segment seen fi-om above, with the base of the 
anal styles. 

15. {<o'.) Bacteria Mexicana. 

Filiformis, olivacea ; capite albido, pedibus liueis elevatis 
striatis ; thorace abdommi longituduie sequaU*; pedibus 
mediocribus, simplicibus (mas). 

Long. corp. 3" 5'" ; anten. 1" 11'". 
Heteronemia mexicana, G. R. Gray, Si/n. Phasm.]>. 19. 

Hab. In Mexico. BM. 

Obs. The description, "pedes posteriores rehquis bre- 
viores," given by Mr. G. R. Gray, upon which indeed his 
genus Heteronemia was established, results from the left 

* Mr. G. R. Gray says, " thorace abdomine longiori," which wouki 
be a very muisual character ; these two parts of the body are, how- 
• ever, exactly equal in length. 



26 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



hind leg (the right one heing broken off) of the unique 
specimen now in the British Museum having been lost and 
subsequently reproduced of a smaller size than the other 
legs, with the tarsus imperfectly developed. The insect is 
very long, slender, and cylindrical. It is a male, and is 
entirely destitute of spines or tubercles. Its proportions are 
as follow : — Head, lin. U ; proth. lin. If ; mesoth. lin. 1 H ; 
metath. lin. 7i; abdom.lin. 15|+lin. 5^=lin. 20J. The 
meso- and metathorax are slightly dilated at their hind part; 
the abdominal segments are rather narrowed in the middle ; 
the eighth segment is considerably longer than the ninth, 
which is rather square above, emarginate behind, with two 
elongated clavate anal styles porrected obliquely beyond the 
extremity of the body ; the three terminal ventral segments 
are dilated, and do not extend beyond the middle of the 
eighth dorsal segment. The legs are very slender and quite 
simple. 

Dr. Burmeister suggests that this insect may be the 
female of his Bacteria tridens. Desirable as it is to deter- 
mine the sexes of these insects, and justifiable to suggest 
the sexual identity of insects described as distinct where 
suflScient evidence exists of such a relation, it is clearly un- 
advisable to attempt this where no grounds exist to enable 
the student to arrive at such a conclusion. In the present 
instance we have a male insect regarded as the female of 
another species, whereas the description "corpus fihforme" 
should have suggested to Dr. Burmeister that the insect 
was a male. 

16. (68.) Bacteria Cuba^nse. 

Fusca ; pedibus submarmoratis integerrimis ; capite cy- 
lindrico. 

Mas. Tarsorum articulo Imo cseteris bis longiore ; cer- 
cis analibus incurvatis, obtusis. 

Long. Corp. 2" 10"'. 

Foem. Thorace albo punctato ; tarsorum articulo Imo 
ceeteris dimidio longiore ; abdominis articulo Gto apice infra 
bifoliato ; vagina angusta, obtusa ; articulo penultimo ^ix 
longiore ; lobis interioribus peracutis, vagina longioribus. 

Long. Corp. 5" 3'". 

Phasma (Bacteria) Cubaense, De Haan, Orthopt. Orient. 
p. 101. 

Hah. In Insula Cuba. 

17.(0!).) Bacteria granulicollis. 

Angusta, viridis ; antennis testaceis, basi obscurioribus ; 
mesothorace elongate, tuberculis minutis, sparsis ; femori- 
bus posticis et mediis apice unifollaceis, tibiis simplicibus. 

Long. Corp. maris lin. 32. 



Bacteria granulicollis, Blanchard in Gai/s Hist. Chili, vi. 
p. 20. 
Hab. In Chili. 

Obs. The typical male specimen of this species, which I 
have examined and drawn, in the Paris Museum, has the 
following proportions : — Head, lin. 2; proth. lin. 2; mesoth. 
lin. 9^ ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 12 + lin. 5=lin. 17- 



18.(70.) Bacteria foliacea. 

Omnino virescens ; capite oblongo ; antennis gracilibus ; 
prothorace carinato, tuberculato ; mesothorace tuberculis 
minoribus ; pedibus subannulatis, femoribus mediis et pos- 
ticis basi apiceque foliaceis. 

LoDg. Corp. lin. 27-28. 
Bacteria foliacea, Blanchard in Gay's Hist. Chili, vi. p. 26. 

Hab. In Chili. 

Obs. The typical specimen of this insect in the Paris 
Museum wants the fore legs ; the middle and hind pairs of 
these organs are comparatively short ; the body is long and 
slender, with the following proportions: — Head, lin. 1^ ; 
proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 5^ ; abdom. 
lin. 17. 



19. (71.) Bacteria (Bacimculus) spatulata. 

Mas. Glaber ; antennis corpore longioribus, filiformibus, 
articulis distinctis ; genitalibus maximis, incrassatis. 

Foem. Thorace scabro, antennis corpori sequalibus, fe- 
moribus 4 posticis ante medium et apicem biphyllis. 

Long. Corp. maris 3" ; foem. (cum operculo vaginali) 4". 

Bacteria spatulata, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 566. 
Blanchard in Gay's Hist. Chili, vi. p. 25 ; Orth. pi. 1. 
f. 6. 
Nee Prisomera phyllopus, G.R. Gray (ut opin. Burm. I. c). 
Hab. In Chili. 

The male of this species preserved in the Paris Museum 
has the following proportions : — Head, lin. 3 ; proth . lin. 2^ ; 
mesoth. lin. 13 ; metath. lin. 9; abdom. unc. 2^. The head 
has two erect horns between the hind part of the eyes, and 
the abdominal segments have a small lobe in the middle of 
the hind margin of each. 

Obs. The Prisomera ? phyllopus of Mr. G. R. Gray (Syn. 
Phasm. p. 16), — a native of South America, in the Ilopean 
Collection, shortly described as " olivaceum, thorace sca- 
briusculo, femoribus quatuor posticis basi et apice perfolia- 
tis," — considered by Dr. Burmeister as identical with Bac- 
teria spatulata, is quite distinct. 



PHASMID.E. BACTERIA. 



27 



20. (72.) Bacteria .Etolus, Westw. 
Plate XXII. fig. 3. 

Valde elongata, gracilis, granulosa ; capite inter oculos 
bifoliate ; antenuis fere loiigitudine pedum anticorum ; ab- 
dominis segmento Irao et -Ito in medio marginis postici 
tuberculo foliaceo, Gtoque utrinque foliolo acuminato ; 
operculo longissimo ; femoribus et tibiis pedum 4 posti- 
corum parce foliatis articuloque basali tarsorum omnium 
supra angulato (foem.). 

Long. Corp. cum operc. unc. 7\ ; anten. uuc. 2| ; proth. 
lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 20 ; metath. lin. 1 2 ; abdom. lin. 35 + 
lin. 6 + operc. lin. 9i=lin. 50^. 

Eab. In Mexico (2). Coffin). In Mus. Westwood. 

Entirely of a pale ashy colour varied with brown ; very 
long and slender, the thoracic and basal segments of the 
abdomen covered with small granules. The head with two 
short, rough, conical leaflets between the eyes. The an- 
tennae are very slender and nearly as long as the fore legs. 
The meso- and metathorax are but slightly widened at the 
base of the legs. The abdomen has the five basal joints 
long aud of equal width ; the sixth and following are gra- 
dually attenuated to the tip, which is slightly bifid, exposing 
the two caudal styles at the sides ; the basal and fourth 
segments are furnished at the middle of the hind margins 
with a dilated foliaceous lobe, and the sixth segment has its 
sides furnished at their extremities with two lobes rounded 
on the outer edge, and with the hinder angles porrected 
backwards. The operculum is very long and slender, ex- 
tending far beyond the extremity of the abdomen ; the fore 
legs are moderately long and simple ; the basal joint of all 
the tarsi is angulated above ; the four hind legs are mode- 
rately long ; the femora curved, furnished near the base 
beneath with a triple spine, and with a single one close to 
the extremity ; the tibiae have a lobe near the base, and 
another towards the extremity on the outer edge. 

Obs. The left hind leg is smaller than the opposite one 
on the right side, and destitute of lobes, having evidently 
been reproduced. 

Plate XXII. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



21. (73.) Bacteria Clinteria, Westw. 
Plate XXV. fig. 9. 
Tota laevis, viridis, elongata, subgracilis, subcylindrica ; 
capite prothorace parum majori, antice bi-impresso ; oper- 
culo fceminse ultra apicem abdominis longe extenso ; pe- 
dibus gracilibus, femoribus duobus anticis supra serratis, 
intermediis prope basin supra bispinosis. 



Long. Corp. cum operc. unc. G^ ; capit. lin. 3; proth. 
Hn. 2\; mesoth. hn. 13 ; metath. lin. 10| ; abdom. lin. 30 
-)-lin. 6 ; opercul. lin. 9 = lin. 4,5. 

Hab. In America nieridionali. B.M. 

A female of this species in the National Collection is 
the only representative of it which I have seen. It is very 
long and slender, entirely smooth, and of a green colour. 
The head is somewhat larger than the prothorax, and has 
two small impressions in front of the crown ; the antennse 
are broken off. The meso- and metathorax are cylindrical, 
and only slightly dilated at the insertion of the legs ; the 
abdomen is of nearly uniform width with the thoracic 
segments, and the six basal segments are of nearly equal 
length ; the seventh is shorter and more dilated, the eighth 
very short, the ninth rather longer and more attenuated, 
and slightly carinated with a minute semicircular terminal 
appendage, exposing at its extremity two minute conical 
points, and at its sides the short obtuse anal styles. The 
operculum is very long (about equal in length to the three 
basal segments of the abdomen), and extends far beyond 
the extremity of the body ; it is swollen beneath the eighth 
and ninth dorsal segments. The legs are moderately long 
and slender, the anterior femora serrated along the upjjcr 
edge, the basal joint of the tarsi longer than the remaining 
joints united ; the middle femora are armed near the base 
on the upper edge with two spines ; the hind legs are 
simple. 

Plate XXV. Fig. 9. The female, of the natural size. 9 a. The 
extremity of the ninth dorsal segment of the abdomen. 
96. The extremity of the abdomen seen sideways. 

22. (74.) Bacteria Dryas, IVestw. 

Femoribus tibiisque fasciatis ; posticis 4 subtus ante 
apicem multispinosis, spinis insequalibus, minutis. 
Long. Corp. maris 3" ; foem. 5'". 

Bacteria spinosa, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 567. 
De Ilaan, Orth. Orient, p. 134 (nec B. spinosa, G. R. 
Gray, Sijn. Phasin.). 
Hab. In Insula " St. Domingo." 

23. (75.) Bacteria tridens. 
Femoribus 4 posticis subtus ante apicem 4-5-spinatis. 
Mas. Minus gracilis, loevis ; cercis analibus erectis apice 
3-fidis, obtusis. 

Long. Corp. 2" 2'". 

Bacteria tridens, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 567. 
Be Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 134. 
Hah. In Mexico, Oaxaca. B.M. 

E 2 



28 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



This species is at once distinguished by the remarkable 
digitated structure of the two styles at the extremity of the 
abdomen. I possess a specimen, presented to me by Mr. 
Coffin, the proportions of which are as follow : — Head, 
lin. 1^ ; proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. lin. 6-L ; metath. lin. 5^ ; 
abdom. lin. 11 + lin. 4 = lin. 15. The female insect re- 
ceived in company with the male seems to me to agree in 
almost every respect with the female of B. striata of Bur- 
meister. 

24. (76.) Bacteria striata. 
Femoribus omnibus muticis. 

Mas. Gracilis, laevis ; cercis analibus elongatis, aduncis. 

Fosm. Brevior, crassior, opaca ; abdomine supra liueis 
elevatis striato ; cercis analibus lanceolatis, rectis, com- 
pressis. 

Long. Corp. maris 2" 11"' ; fcem. 2" 6'". 

Bacteria striata, Burmeister, Handh. d. Ent. ii. p. ^()7 ■ 
Hah. In Mexico. B.M. 

25. (Jl .) Bacteria gracilis. 

Femoribus muticis tibiisque fasciatis, maris cercis ana- 
libus brevibus capitatis. 
Long. Corp. 2" 10'". 

Bacteria gracilis, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 567. 
Hab. La Guayra. 

26. (78.) Bacteria Faunus, Westw. 

Unicolor viridis, femoribus 4 posticis subtus ante api- 
cem 1-2-spinatis. 
Long. Corp. 2" 10'". 

Bacteria viridis, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 568 (nee 
Bact. viridis, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm.). 
Hab. In America meridionali. 



27. (79.) Bacteria strigiventris, Westw. 
Plate XXIV. fig. 6, female. 

Viridis ; capite parvo, oblongo ; mesothorace et meta- 
thorace sensim latioribus ; abdomine e basi sensim atteuu- 
ato, hoc lineis undecim gracilibus elevatis ; operculo apice 
bifido ; stylis analibus brevibus, obtusis ; pedibus brevibus, 
simplicibus (foem.). 

Long. Corp. lin. 23 ; capit. lin. 1| ; proth. lin. | ; me- 
soth. lin. ^^; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 8^ + lin. 3 = 
lin. 11.L. 

Hah. li\Co\\\mh\n {M.Gaudichaud). In Mus. Saunders. 



This species is allied to B. striata, Burmeister. It is 
green, opake and smooth, except the abdomen, which has 
one central and five slender elevated lines on each side. 
The head is small and oblong, without spines or tubercles. 
The autenure are gradually attenuated, and extend back- 
wards to the middle of the metathorax. The thoracic seg- 
ments are gradually dilated from the head to the base of 
the abdomen, whilst the latter is gradually attenuated to 
its extremity. The metathorax is rather more than half 
the length of the mesothorax. The operculum of the 
abdomen extends slightly beyond the extremity of the 
body ; it is deeply bifid at the tip, and but little swollen in 
the middle ; the anal styles are short, exserted at the tip of 
the body, and incurved. The legs are short and simple, the 
fore femora moderately widened along the upper angle, and 
all the femora are quite simple. The basal joint of the 
tarsi is about as loug as the three following joints in all 
the feet. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. fi. Tlie female, of the natural size, fi a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen laterally. 6 b. The 
extremity of the operculum. 



28. (80.) Bacteria turgida, Westw. 
Plate VIII. fig. 4, male ; fig. 9, female. 

Gracilis, cylindrica ; corpore maris Isevi, filiformi, seg- 
mentis analibus dilatatis ; foeminse capite hicorni, meso- 
et metathorace subasperis ; abdominis segmentis tribus 
apicalibus brevibus, ultimo apice trifido, femoribus inter- 
mediis subtus prope apicem subspinosis. 

Long. Corp. maris lin. 37 ; capit. lin. If ; anten. lin. 18 ; 
proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 14 
-I- lin. 3 = lin. 17. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 4f; capit. lin. 2i ; proth. lin. 2^; 
mesoth. lin. 13 ; metath. lin. 9 ; abdom. lin. 26 + lin. 4^ 
Un. 30. 

Hab. In Venezuela. B.M. 

The materials for this species in the British iMuseum Col- 
lection are mutilated and unsatisfactory, consisting of the 
bodies of a male and female insect from Venezuela stuck 
upon one pin, whence we may be led to infer that they had 
been captured in coitu. 

The male is very slender, filiform, destitute of spines or 
tubercles. It is obscure ferruginous, with the thorax green 
at the sides. The antennae are slender, extending rather 
beyond the middle of the metathorax. The three terminal 
segments of the abdomen are considerably dilated, the ninth 
having the hinder lateral angles rounded and the hind 



PHASMID.E. BACTERIA. 



margin emarginate ; the three ventral segments are dilated, 
especially at the extremity of the eighth segment. 

The female is much more robust and cylindrical. It is 
opake dull brown, with paler spots. The head with two 
acute spines between the eyes ; the sides of the meso- and 
metathorax serrated (the latter more widely). The abdo- 
men is gradually but slightly narrowed, the three terminal 
segments short (the three together being scarcely longer 
than the sixth segment), and the ninth is trifid at the ex- 
tremity. The middle legs are rather short, with a single 
spine on the under side beyond the middle, and several 
minute ones near the extremity ; the operculum is muti- 
lated. 
Plate VIII. Fig. A. The male, of the natural size. 4 a. The 

terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 
Fig. 9. The female, of the natural size. 9 a. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

29. (81.) Bacteria Molorcha, Westw. 
Plate XXIV. fig. 4. 

Valde elongata, cyliudrica, fere parallela, opaca, irregu- 
lariter granulosa, viridi-fusca ; mesonoto tuberculis non- 
nullis majoribus nigris ; abdominis segmento 5to utrinque 
lobato ; pedibus brevibus, inermibus ; operculo vix ultra 
segmentum 7m extenso (foem. vix matura). 

Long. corp. unc. 2f ; capit. lin. 2| ; proth. hn. 2 ; nie- 
soth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. A\ ; abdom. hn. 15 + Hn. U = 
lin. 181. 

Hab. In Columbia (M. GoMrfoO. Mus. Saunders. 



This species is at once distinguished by its uniform 
width, and by the dilatation of the sides of the fifth seg- 
ment of the abdomen. The head is short and square, 
with a number of minute raised granules chiefly arranged 
in lines. The antennse are longer than the head and whole 
of the thorax, and finely setose ; the basal joint is short 
and rather broad, the alternate joints brown at the tips. 
The remainder of the body is also rugose and slightly gra- 
nulose, the granules of the mesonotum larger and black. 
The metathorax is rather more than two-thirds of the length 
of the mesothorax. The abdomen is considerably longer 
than the front part of the body ; it has the fifth segment 
considerably dilated on each side beyond the middle ; the 
seventh segment is nearly equal in length to the preceding, 
the eighth and ninth are short, and, as well as the seventh, 
carinated above. The operculum is narrow, not swollen, 
and scarcely extends beyond the seventh segment ; behind 
it are two flattened, narrowed pieces, and the two anal styles 
are very small and terminal. The legs are short and simple ; 
the fore femora broad, and flattened along the upper edge. 



The Ijasal joint of the tarsi is about equal in length to the 

three following joints. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. 4. The female (probably immature), of the 

natural size. 4a. The terminal segments of the abdomen 

seen sideways. 

30. (82.) Bacteria Molita, Westw. 
Plate XXVI. fig. 3. 

Gracillima, tevis, inermis, olivaceo-fusca, opaca ; abdo- 
mine cylindrico, segmento 7mo utrinque dilatato, 8vo ob- 
conico, angustiori, 9no lateribus inflato-rotundatis ; stylis 
analibus parvis, ovalibus, apice ucutis ; pedibus longis, m- 
ermibus (mas). 

Loug.corp.unc.2i; capit. lin. If; proth.lin. IJ; mesoth. 
hn. 7-i ; metath. lin. 5; abdom. lin. 8i-hlin. 3 = lin. Hi. 

Hab. In Columbia {M. Goudot). Mus. Saunders. 

Very slender, smooth, opake, olivaceous brown, destitute 
of spines. Head simple, moderately elongated behind the 
eyes. Antennae very long and slender. Mesothorax very 
long, slender, cylindrical, slightly dilated at the insertion 
of the middle legs, as is also the hind part of the meta- 
thorax, which is about two-thirds of the length of the 
mesothorax. The abdomen is subcylindrical, with a slender 
raised line on each side, more distinct on the hinder seg- 
ments ; the seventh segment is gradually dilated on each 
side, the eighth narrowed and obconic, and the ninth 
swollen on each side into a very convex lobe, with a raised 
Une down the middle above ; hind margin slightly emar- 
ginate, concave beneath, enclosing the short thick ovate 
anal styles, which are pointed at the tips. Legs mode- 
rately long, slender, and simple ; tarsi with the basal joint 
half their length. 



Plate XXIV. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
terminal segments seen laterally. 3 b. The terminal seg- 
ments, with the anal styles, seen from behind. 

31. (83.) Bacteria Thestylis, Westiv. 
Plate XXIV. fig. 2. 

Gracillima, cyliudrica; capite brevi, rotundato, supra 
bispiuoso ; segmentis thoracicis apice dilatatis et spinosis ; 
segmentis abdomiualibus in medio sensim atteuuatis, ba- 
saUbus bispinosis, apicalibus inflatis ; stylis analibus crassis, 
curvatis, obtusis et incurvatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. hn. 24 ; capit. lin. 1 ; proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. 
lin. 7 ; metath. lin. b\ ; abdom. lin. l\ + \m. 3 = lin. 10-^. 

Hub. In Columbia (ill. Goudot). Mus. Saunders. 

This is one of the most slender species with which I am 
acquainted, having however seen but a single male indivi- 



30 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



dual. It is quite cylindrical, the thoracic segments heing 
considerably dilated at the insertion of the legs, and the 
abdominal segments gradually but slightly narrowed in the 
centre, the extreme base and apex being also slightly con- 
stricted. The general colour is greenish brown, with the legs 
slightly mottled with buff. The head is short, broad, and 
armed with two erect spines behind the eyes ou the crown. 
The antennse are very long and slender, slightly ringed with 
buff. The prothorax is armed with a pair of erect spines 
in the middle of its hind part. The niesothorax is very long 
and slender, with several minute whitish tubercles arranged 
irregularly ; it is armed at its extremity with two erect 
spines in the middle, and two smaller ones at the sides. 
The metathorax is about four-fifths of the length of the me- 
sothorax and rather more dilated at its hinder extremity, 
which is armed with two erect spines at the extremity of 
its anterior portion, and two smaller and wider apart at the 
extremity of the hinder portion ; it is also armed with a 
small tubercle and a spine on each side in front of the legs. 
The abdomen is slender, with the joints slightly widened 
near the base and extremity, each however being very 
slightly constricted ; the first segment has a pair of spines 
on its upper surface at the hinder part ; there is also a cor- 
responding but much smaller pair on the second joint ; the 
seventh and eighth segments are wider than the preceding, 
and the ninth is greatly swollen both laterally and on the 
upper side, concave beneath ; the terminal ventral segments 
are much compressed and deflexed, extending to the ex- 
tremity of the eighth dorsal segment, which is emarginate 
at its lateral margins ; and the anal styles are large, incurved 
and obtuse. The legs are long and slender ; the four pos- 
terior femora with a minute spine near the apex beneath ; 
the tarsi long and very slender, the basal joint as long as 
all the following joints taken together. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 2 b. The 
last segment, with the anal styles, seen from behind. 

32. (84.) Bacteria riibispinosa. 

Subrugosa, pallide flava ; capitis vertice sub-bitubercu- 
lato ; prothorace capitis longitudine, mesothorace protho- 
race sextuplo longiore et multo latiori ; supra, spinis nu- 
merosis crassis armato, marginibusque spinosis ; metatho- 
race mesothorace e tertia parte breviori, in medio supra 
noduloso-dilatato ; pedibus fulvo brunneoque subfasciatis, 
antennisque fulvo-brunneis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. d^ unc. 

Bacteria rubispinosa, Serville, H. n. Orth. p. 224. 
Hab. In Cayenna. Olim in Mus. Serville. 



33. (85.) Bacteria Trophinus, Westw. 
Plate V. fig. 5. 

Gracillima, filiformis, subnitida, olivaceo-fusca ; abdo- 
mine magis fusco ; capite spinis duabus nigris inter oculos ; 
capite sub oculos utrinque linea lata albida notato ; anten- 
nis longissimis, fuscis, annulis duobus albis prope apicem ; 
pedibus longis ; femoribus pauUo crassioribus, pallide ne- 
bulosis ; segmento !)no abdominis lato, emarginato ; stylis 
duobus longis subclavatis forcipatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. .'J ; anten. unc. 4 ; proth. lin. 2 ; me- 
soth. lin. 14 ; metath. lin. 12 ; abdom. lin. 25 + lin. 5 = 
lin. 30. 

llab. Port Natal. B.M. 

Greenish brown, slightly glossy, the head on each side 
with a broad white stripe beneath the eyes, and with dark 
streaks on the crown ; the two spines between the eyes 
black ; antennae brown, with two whitish rings near the 
tip ; the legs, especially the anterior pair, with light irre- 
gular cloudings ; the four hind femora with a row of minute 
white dots. Body slender and cylindric ; the meso- and 
metathorax slightly dilated at the tips, as well as the ninth 
abdominal segment, which is impressed at each side, with 
the apical angles rounded off and emarginate in the middle, 
with the two anal styles long, clavate, and forcipate (the 
terminal ventral segments are mutilated at the tip in the 
unique male in the National Collection). The legs are 
very long and slender, the femora slightly thickened, the 
middle femur on the right side having a small spine on its 
hinder surface near the base. 

Plate V. Fig. 5. The male, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
three terminal segments of the abdomen seen from the side. 

34. (86.) Bacteria lineata. 
" Ceerulescens, lineis longitudinalibus albis et nigris." 
Long. corp. 3". 

Bacteria lineata, G.R. Gray, Syn. Phasm.Tp. 17. 
Hab. In Africa (Sierra Leone). 

Not having seen this species, I can only give the short 
characters from the ' Synopsis of Phasmidae.' 

35. (87.) Bacteria Ernesa, Westw. Plate V. fig. 3. 

Gracillima, fihformis, cylindrica, omnino inermis, pal- 
lide virescens, parum nitida ; abdomine fuscescente ; capite 
linea media obscura ; pedibus pallide fuscis, subnebulosis ; 
tibiis basi obscuris cum fasciis obscuris ; segmento ultimo 
abdominis paullo latiori, lateraliter margiuato, apice inte- 
gro (mas). 



PHASMIDiE. BACTERIA. 



31 



Long. Corp. fere unc. 5 ; anten. unc. 2f ; protb. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 16; metath. liu. 11 ; abdom. lin. 24 + lin. 4 = 
lin. 28. 

Hab. ? B.M. 

Tbis species rivals Phasma nematodes, De H., in its 
long and slender proportious ; but its fore legs are mucb 
shorter, and its antennae longer. The bead is wider tban 
tbe protborax, with a dark, broad, longitudinal line along 
the middle of the crown. The antennae are very slender, 
and reach to the middle of tbe anterior tibiae. Tbe tho- 
racic and abdominal segments are very slender and cylin- 
drical ; the meso- and metathorax slightly dilated at the 
posterior extremity ; the seventh segment of the abdomen 
is not more tban half the length of tbe sixth, and is gra- 
dually widened nearly to its extremity ; tbe eighth is also 
widened in the same manner, and the ninth is slightly con- 
stricted at tbe base ; it is wider than the eighth, its sides 
margined, its bind angles rounded off, exposing the anal 
styles, and its hind margin entire and rounded. Tbe ter- 
minal ventral segments are mutilated in the unique male 
specimen in tbe National Collection. The legs are long 
and very slender, entirely destitute of spines ; tbe femora 
slightly clouded ; the tibiae blackish at tbe base, and ob- 
soletely banded with darker brown. 

Plate V. Fig. 3. The male insect, of the natural size. 3 a. 
The four terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



36. (88.) Bacteria tenuis, Westw. Plate VIII. fig. 1. 

Gracillima, filiformis, inermis ; antennis pedibus anticis 
longioribus ; metathorace perbre\-i ; femoribus omnibus 
ante apicem subtus denticulis minutis approximatis ar- 
matis ; abdominis segmento ultimo ventrali apice subtri- 
fido (mas). 

Long. corp. lin. 34 ; anten. lin. 32 ; proth. lin. 1^ ; me- 
soth. liu. 10 ; metath. Un. 4 ; abdom. liu. 14 -|- lin. 3 = 
lin. 17. 

Hub. ? B.M. 

Very slender, filiform, destitute of spines on tbe body ; 
the head rather large and oblong, with several tubercles at 
its binder part ; the antennae are very long (considerably 
longer than the fore legs) ; the mesotborax is proportion- 
ately very long, and the metathorax shorter tban usual ; 
tbe abdominal segments are slightly thickened at the arti- 
culations ; the three terminal dorsal segments form an elon- 
gate oval mass, with the surface rather rugose, attenuated 
behind, and exposing the two slender anal styles, as well as 
a dilated process pointed at its extremity ; tbe three ter- 
minal ventral segments are soldered together, the extremity 



being slightly trifid. The legs are long and slender, and 
all tbe femora are very slightly denticidated at a short di- 
stance before the extremity' on tbe under side. 

I have adopted tbe MS. name applied to this species iu 
the British Museum Collection. 

Plate VIII. Fig. 1 . The male, oT the natural size. 1 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 



37. (89.) Bacteria Sarawaca, Westw. 
Plate XXV. fig. 1, male ; fig. 2, female. 

Fusca, luteo partira varia, crebre granulosa, gracilis ; 
pedibus gracillimis ; mesothorace longissimo, metathorace 
abbreviato ; abdomine maris filiformi, stylis analibus dc- 
flexis vix curvatis, apice obtusis ; foeminae operculi apice 
acute bifido ; segmento ultimo dorsali truncato, serrato 
(mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris lin. 34 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 32 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 10^ ; metath. lin. 3; abdom. 
lin. 14-)-lin. 3=lin. 17. 

Long. Corp. fcem. liu. 46 ; cap. lin. 2^ ; anten. lin. 38 ; 
proth. lin. 2; mesoth. Un. 12; metath. lui. 4; abdom. 
lin. 2r-Hin. 4=lin. 25. 

Hab. In Insula Borneo, Sarawak (D. Wallace). In 
Mus. Saunders. 

This species is at once distinguished by the great length 
of tbe mesotborax, which with the protborax measures one- 
third of tbe entire length of tbe body. Tbe bead is mo- 
derately elongated, with the sides parallel. The antennae 
are very long and slender. Tbe protborax is marked with 
a blackish line down tbe middle and at the side, the latter 
extending along the sides of the meso- and metathorax and 
abdomeu ; tbe thoracic segments are but very slightly 
grauulose ; tbe mesotborax is marked with a black spot 
in tbe middle of tbe bind part ; the metathorax does not 
equal one-third of the length of the mesotborax, its binder 
division occupying about two-fifths of its entire length. 
Tbe abdomen is slender, filiform, the eighth segment longer 
than either the seventh or last, which is rounded behind, 
snbconvex, with the anal styles beneath deflexed, nearly 
straight, and subclavate. Tbe legs are long, slender and 
simple, with the base of the tarsus more tban half its whole 
length ; tbe thoracic and abdominal segments are mar- 
gined on tbe under side with a black lateral line. 

The female is much more robust and considerably more 
granulose, especially on the meso- and metathorax. The 
bead has tbe sides parallel, and its hind part has a trans- 
verse row of small tubercles. The antennae are very long 
and slender. The metathorax agrees in its small size with 



32 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



that of the male. The abdominal segments are very slightly 
marked with a slender longitudinal carina ; they are nearly 
parallel throughout their whole length ; the terminal dorsal 
segment is truncate at its extremity, where it is serrated ; 
and the operculum is deeply and acutely bifid at its extre- 
mity, and extends beyond the extremity of the body. The 
legs are long and slender, and entirely simple. The basal 
joint of the tarsi is about half the length of the tarsus 
itself. 

Plate XXV. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
extremity of the body seen from behind. 

Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen sideways. 2 b. The tenninal 
dorsal segment of the abdomen. 

38. (90.) Bacteria SMva, JFestw. Plate VIII. fig. G. 

Elongata, subdepressa, abdomine latiori, e segmento 4 to 
ad apicem sensim attenuato, stylis longis duobus apice 
porrectis terminate ; capite et segmentis thoracicis crebre 
granulosis ; .abdomine striolato ; pedibus simplicibus. 

Long. Corp. unc. 2i ; anten. lin. 12 ; proth. lin. IJ ; me- 
soth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 12 -|- lin. 4 = 
liu. 16. B.M. 

Hab. In Indise orientalis partibus scptentrionalibus. 

Elongated, subdepressed, with the body widening from 
the middle of the mesothorax to the middle of the abdo- 
men, and then gradually attenuated to the extremity, which 
is acute, and terminated by two straight, broad, exserted 
anal styles. The head and prothorax are marked down 
the middle with a fine impressed line and with a granulated 
vitta, including a fine black line ou each side behind the 
eyes. The head and thoracic segments are finely granu- 
lated. The antennae are slender, nearly extending to the 
extremity of the fore tibiae, and the abdominal segments 
are marked on the upper side with several longitudinal 
vittse. The legs are moderately long and slender, and en- 
tirely destitute of spines. The operculum extends nearly 
to the extremity of the ninth dorsal segment ; it is nearly 
straight, and not swollen in the middle. 

Plate VIII. Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 

3!). (91.) Bacteria viridis. 

Viridis, glabra ; thorace liuea media ; pedibus lineis ele- 
vatis striatis. 

Long. corp. 2" ; anten. 1" 1'" ; proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. 
lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 1 1 -(-lin. 3 = liu. 14. 
Bacteria viridis, G. R. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 17. 

Hab. In Insulis Sandvicensibus. B.M. 



Obs. The two specimens of this species in the National 
Museum are of the opposite sexes, but appear not to be 
fully grown. The body is long, slender and cylindric ; the 
extremity of the mctathorax slightly dilated at the origin 
of the hind legs ; the surface of the meso- and metathorax 
is finely granulose (more strongly so in the male). The 
head is destitute of any spine or tubercle. The fore legs 
are slender and simple, the middle legs rather short ; the 
femora with two small spines near the tip beneath ; the 
middle tibiae rather dilated near the base on the under 
side (the hind legs are wanting) ; the basal joint of the 
tarsi is rather longer than the remaining joints together. 
The abdomen is slender, cylindric ; the ninth dorsal seg- 
ment is deeply sht (to about half its length) ; the lateral 
margins strongly deflexed ; on the under side it is furnished 
with two short obtuse lobes ; the three terminal segments 
extend to the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. The 
body of the female is terminated by a minute anal lobe, 
the anal styles are very short and obtuse, and the oper- 
culum, which is flat, only extends to the base of the ninth 
dorsal segment. 

40. (92.) Bacteria Eutrachelia, Westw. 
Plate XXIV. fig. 11. 

Valde elongata, gracillima, pallide cinerea, opaca ; capite 
postice attenuato ; mesothorace antice parum granulate ; 
metathorace dimidio mesothoracis breviori, parte ejus pos- 
tica brevissima ; abdomine in medio sensim latiori et ad 
apicem attenuato, loboque elongato apicali apice subacuto, 
instructo (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3 J ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 1 \ ; mesoth. 
lin. 10 ; metath. lin. 6\ ; abdom. liu. 20-rlin. 3-)-lob. apic. 
lin. 2=lin. 25. 

Hab. In Nova Hollandia, Swan River. In Mus. 
Hopeano, Oxouiae. 

This species, of which I have only seen a single female, 
is well distinguished by its very slender form, its long, pos- 
teriorly attenuated abdomen, terminated by a slender ap- 
pendage like a tenth joint, and its uniform dull, pale grey 
colour. The head is greatly elongated and narrowed be- 
hind the eyes ; in front, between the eyes and the base of 
the antennae, are three minute spear-shaped impressions. 
The antennae are slender, extending to the middle of the 
metathorax. The mesothorax is very long and of equal 
breadth throughout, and with a slender raised median 
dorsal line (which extends to the extremitj' of the abdomen). 
The metathorax measures three-fifths of the mesothorax 
in length ; its hinder division is very short, not being 
more than one-sixth of its whole length. The abdomen 



PIIASMID.E. BACTERIA. 



33 



is considerably longer than the anterior portion of the 
body ; it is gradually widened to the fonrth segment, and is 
afterwards gradually attenuated to the tip ; the three ter- 
minal segments together are not longer than the sixth, 
the seventh being etjual to the eighth and ninth united ; 
the last is furnished with a long narrow appendage resem- 
bling a tenth joint, with its extremity obtusely pointed. 
The operculum is not at all convex, and extends only to 
the base of the ninth segment ; the two anal styles are 
very short and thin, attached on the under side of the 
ninth joint. The legs are long, very slender, and simple ; 
the tarsi short, with the basal joint as long as the remainder 
united. 

I suppose, notwithstanding its length, that the unique 
specimen which I have seen is an immature female. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. 11. The female, of the natural size. 11a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

41. (03.) Bacteria coenosa. 
Plate XXV 11. fig. 2, male. 
Flavescenti-brunnea ; thorace scabro, abdominis apice 
viridi ; operculo flavo ; pedibus longis, hirsutis ; antennis 
elongatis, articulorum apicibus nigris. 

Long. corp. 2" 11"'; anten. I" \0'" ; proth. 1 V" ; me- 
80th. 7'"; metath. 5'"; abdom. 15'" -|- 4'"= 19"'. 

Foem. Bacteria coenosa, Hope, MSS. 

G.R. Gray, Ent.ofAnstr. pi. 2 . f. 2 ; Syn. Phasm. p. 1 8. 
Mas. Bacteria tenuis, Hope, MSS. 
Larva juvenis. Bacteria fragilis, Hope, MSS. 

G.R. Gray, Ent.o/Ausfr. ]il. 7. f. 1 ; Syn. Phasm.^. 18. 
Hah. In Australia. Mus. Hope. 

The dimensions given above are taken from the typical 
specimen of B. coenosa in the Hopean Collection, the figure 
above referred to being too large and robust. The meso- 
thorax has on each side two longitudinal rows of small 
granules. The abdomen is gradually attenuated ; the ter- 
minal segment with the two minute but rather broad anal 
styles exposed at its extremity. The operculum extends 
to the middle of the ninth dorsal segment, having a curved 
and acute horny detached lobe withiu. The legs are long 
and entirely destitute of spines. 

The insect has the appearance of being in an immature 
condition, the surface of the body having shrunk in various 
parts. 

A careful examination of the typical specimen of B. fra- 
gilis has satisfied me that it is only a young larva of the 
preceding species. It is represented in the figure above 
referred to much too large and robust, and with the oper- 
culum much too developed. It lies in fact quite flat, ex- 



tending not more than the length of one-third of the eighth 
dorsal segment ; the remainder of the ventral surface of 
this segment is occu])ied with two flat oval lateral lobes and 
a narrow ventral pointed one ; and the ninth ventral seg- 
ment bears two curved and rather broad appendages, and 
two short exserted lateral anal styles. The mesothorax 
has the rudiments of the lateral rows of granules. The 
head is dirty white, but having shrunk in the middle, it 
appears to be marked on each side with a white line. 

Mr. Hope has applied the MS. name of B. tenuis to a 
small insect in his collection, represented in PI. XXVII. 
fig. 2, which I have no hesitation in regarding as the male 
of B. coenosa. It is very slender, cylindrical, smooth, dirty 
brown ; the head above marked with a longitudinal pale 
line on each side behind the antennae ; the abdominal seg- 
ments are rather narrowed in the middle, the base and ex- 
tremity of each being gradually widened. The mesothorax 
is long, and marked on each side with two rows of small 
black granules placed wide apart ; the eighth dorsal seg- 
ment is half as long again as the ninth, which is notched at 
its extremity, carinated above, and furnished in the middle 
beneath with two long, deflexed, curved, obtuse, setose anal 
styles ; the eighth and ninth ventral segments are swollen, 
especially the angulated base of the ninth, which does not 
extend to more than two-thirds of the length of the eighth 
dorsal segment. The legs are long, very slender, and 
simple. 

Plate XXVII. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

42. (94.) Bacteria SainoueUii. 

Flavo-brunnea ; antennis brevibus, juxta basin canalicu- 
latis ; capite elongate, coelato ; thorace pr^sertim anteriori 
tuberculato ; abdomine brevi, apice pluri-sulcato ; pedibus 
gracilibus, lineis elevatis striatis. 

Long. Corp. 3" 3"'; anten. 1" 2"'. 

Bacteria Samouellii, G. R. Gray, Syn. P/iasm. p. 43. 
Hab. ? B.M. 

Obs. The typical specimen, probably immature, in the 
National Collection is mutilated, wanting the four fore-legs. 
The body is very slender, gradually attenuated from the 
head to the extremity of the abdomen ; the antennte are 
thickened at the base, with the basal joint depressed, coni- 
cal, and with several longitudinal carinse, and gradually 
setaceous and multi-articulate ; the hind pair of legs are 
very slender and entirely destitute of spines ; the basal 
joint of the tarsi is very long ; the three terminal segments 
of the abdomen are marked with three slender, pale, slightly 



34 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



raised lines ; and the ninth dorsal segment is deeply 
notched, with an anal porrccted lobe strongly carinated, 
resembling a tenth dorsal segment ; the seventh ventral 
segment is flat, and extends to the extremity of the eighth 
dorsal segment, it is rounded and entire at its extremity, 
and is followed by a depressed membranous plate rounded 
at its extremity, which extends to the extremity of the 
ninth ventral segment. Its proportions are : — Body, unc. 
S^ ; head, hn. 'if ; prothorax, lin. 1^ ; mesothorax, lin. 8 ; 
metathorax, lin. 6J; abdomen, lin. 17i + lin. 3^=lin. 21. 



The four following insects tliffer so materially from all 
the other apterous species, that I am uncertain (in the 
absence of males of each) whether they should be referred 
to the other groups of Apferophasmina, or be raised to the 
rank of separate genera. In this uncertainty I prefer 
leaving them under the old generic name Phusma. 

1. (95.) Phasma planulum, TJ'estw. Plate I. fig. 7. 

Latum, depressum, valde rugosum, opacum, supra ob- 
scure luteo-albidum fusco-varium ; corpore infra fusco, 
punctis minutis albidls obsito ; capite bifoliato ; meso- et 
metasterno planis ; segmentis 2-C abdominalibus latera- 
liter dilatatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^ ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 6 ; 
metath. lin. 4^ ; abdom. lin. 12-|-lin. 4-|-operc. lin. 1 = 
lin. 17. 

Hnb. St. Domingo. B.M. 

The upper surface of the body is entirely obscure whitish- 
buff varied vrith brown ; it is flat, opake, and very rugose ; 
and beneath it is brown covered with minute whitish points. 
The head is furnished on each side with a large auriform, 
rugose-foliaceous appendage directed backwards over the 
fore part of the prothorax, the hind part of the latter 
being wider than the head. The mesothorax is dilated, 
being nearly twice the width of the head ; the anterior 
angles rounded, the sides rather contracted behind the 
middle, and the hind part widened in front of the insertion 
of the middle legs ; it bears on its upper surface near its 
anterior part, two triangular, slightly elevated spaces, the 
angles of which are directed towards the anterior angles 
of the mesothorax. The metathorax is shorter than the 
mesothorax and nearly square, vrith the outer edges nearly 
straight. The abdomen is wide, but somewhat narrower 
at the base than the metathorax ; each segment, from the 
second to the sixth, furnished at the sides with lateral dila- 
tations, which gradually increase in size to those of the 



sixth joint, which are the largest, the upper surface of each 
marked with curved impressed lines ; the three terminal 
segments small and narrowed ; the ninth trifid at its extre- 
mity, exposing the extremity of the operculum. On the 
under side the meso- and metasternum are quite flat, and 
the dilated abdominal segments are marked with a raised 
longitudinal carina on each side ; the whole surface being 
covered with minute white points. The legs are rather 
short and dilated ; the fore femora externally serrated, the 
hind ones with two or three strong serrations near the tip ; 
all the tibiae flattened and slightly serrated. 

Plate I. Fi;;. 7. The female, of the natm-al size. 7 a- The 
head and thoracic segments seen laterally. 7 b. The ter- 
minal segments of the body seen from above. 7 c. The 
same seen from the side. 



2. (90.) Phasma Havaniense. Plate XXII. fig. 7. 

Cinereum, viridi tinctum ; capite, prothorace et meso- 
thoracis lateribus granulatis ; vertice tumido, utrinque tu- 
bercnlo conico (recto multo niajori) ; mesothorace in medio 
abdominisque segmentis ."J basalibus dilatatis ; pedibus bre- 
vibus ; femoribus 4 posticis subtus serratis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. 
lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 5^ ; abdom. lin. 13 -|- lin. (; = lin. 19. 

Plaesiophyllum Havaniense, MacLeay, MSS. 

Hub. In insula Ilavannah (Z>. MacLeay). In Mus. 
Hope. 

Entirely of an ashy colour, tinged with pale green, ob- 
scure, subdepressed. The head very convex above, spa- 
ringly granulated ; the crown with two conical tubercles 
near the eyes, that on the right side being considerably the 
larger. The antennae are slender (mutilated at the distance 
of two-thirds of an inch from the base). The prothorax is 
smaller than the head, with a deep transverse line close to 
the fore margin and another across the middle ; the inter- 
mediate space with two erect conical protuberances, the 
hinder half sparingly granulated. The mesothorax is nar- 
rowed at its anterior extremity, from whence it is gradually 
swollen to beyond the middle, and subsequently slightly 
narrowed to the hinder margin ; its surface is smooth, ex- 
cept along the lateral margins, which are granulated, and a 
slender raised whitish line down the middle of the back, 
extending also along the metathorax ; near the anterior ex- 
tremity it has several smooth raised tubercles close together 
in the middle. The metathorax is oblong, very slightly 
widened at the hinder part ; the five basal abdominal seg- 
ments are dilated, elongate ovate, subdepressed, with several 
slender raised lines, two close toeether down the middle of 



PIIASMID.^. PHASMA. 



35 



the back, one on each side, and two near eacli of the late- 
ral margins ; the sixth segment is quadrate ; the seventh, 
eighth and ninth gradually narrowed to the tip, which is 
entire, with the two very minute caudal styles scarcely 
visible at the sides ; the operculum is swollen in the middle, 
and extends beyond the extremity of the last dorsal seg- 
ment. The legs are short; the anterior femora curved at 
the base ; the tibise simple ; the four posterior femora 
thickened, and serrated beneath ; the tibiae short, simple, 
hut slightly dilated within near the base, and the middle 
pair have a slight dilatation on the outside towards the 
base. 

Plate XXII. Fig. 7. The female, of the natural size. 7«-The 
front of the body seen sideways. 7 b. The terminal seg- 
ments of the body seen sideways. 



3. (97.) Phasma granifeniin, Wesfw. 
Pl.^te III. fig. A, female. 

Luteo-fuscum, undique granulis minutis pallidioribus 
nitidis obsitum ; thorace elongato et abdomine breviori, 
linea tenuissima dorsali elevata simplici ; abdomine in 
medio dilatato, apice pallidiori ; pedibus 4 posticis longi- 
tudine mediocribus ; femoribus ad apicem paulo crassiori- 
bus et infra spinula armatis (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2f ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 9 ; me- 
tath. lin. 5^ ; abdom. lin. 1 1 -|-lin. 3=lin. 14. 

Hah. Philippine Islands. B.M. 

The whole insect is of a pale brown colour, with the legs 
paler luteous brown, and the extremity of the abdomen 
paler ; it is covered with minute pale glossy granules, and 
has a very fine polished line running along the middle of 
the thorax and abdomen on the under side ; these granules 
are fewer on the abdomen. The head is furnished with 
two small raised spaces between the eyes. The mesothorax 
is considerably elongated, as is also the metathorax, which 
is strongl}' divided near its extremity into two parts by a 
transverse line. The abdomen is entire, gradually widened 
to the fourth segment, behind which it is gradually nar- 
rowed, the three terminal segments being narrower than 
the head ; the last (ninth) dorsal segment is subemarginate 
behind, exposing a small rudimental joint, and with two 
small styles at its outer angles. The operculum extends 
nearh' to the extremity of the ninth dorsal segment, be- 
tween which and it are to be seen three pairs of dilated ap- 
pendages, forming the internal organs of generation. The 
fore legs (as well as the antenuEe) are broken off in the 
unique specimen in the National Collection. The four 
hind femora are slightly thickened at the tip, with two or 



three minute spines, and the tibise and tarsi are simple. 
The prosternum and mesosternuni are divided into two 
parts by a transverse line across the centre of each. 

Plate III. Fig. 4. Tlie female, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



4. (98.) Phasma guttigerum, TJ'estw. 
Plate XXVII. fig. 6. 

Fusco-luteum, nigro guttatum ; pedibus brevioribus, 
nigro annulatis ; capite et prothorace inermibus ; meso- 
thorace pone medium spina crassa erecta armato ; meta- 
thorace ante et pone medium segmentisque tribus basalibus 
abdominis tuberculo conico instructis, 4to alte et rotunde 
cristato (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. 2^"; cap. 2'"; proth. 3'" ; mesoth. 34'"; 
metath. 3^'" ; abdom. 12"' + 4"'=16"'. 

Hah. Sarawak (Borneo) (Z). Wallace). Mus. Saunders. 

Head unarmed, convex, black above, variegated with 
pale luteous brown or buff marks, two more conspicuous 
spots between the eyes, and two broader stripes extending 
from the eyes to the back margin of the head ; upper lip 
luteous ; palpi pale brown. Antennae black (more than 
\\ inch long), irregtdarly ringed with luteous ; basal joints 
moderate-sized. Prothorax longer than usual, dirty luteous, 
with a large elongate-triangular black patch extending down 
the middle from the anterior margin ; lateral margins with 
a dark stripe and an oblong dark patch near each posterior 
angle ; anterior angles obliquely truncate for the insertion 
of the spiracles ; lateral margins also deeply emarginate 
above the insertion of the fore legs. Mesothorax but little 
longer than the prothorax, black above, slightly varied with 
luteous, armed in the middle towards its hinder margin 
with a strong erect spine, which is swollen behind. Meta- 
thorax of the same length as the mesothorax, its anterior 
portion only one-third of its whole length, dirty luteous 
with black dots ; each division armed behind with a coni- 
cal tubercle, the hinder one being the largest. The ab- 
domen is dirty luteous, with small black dots arranged 
symmetrically ; the first and second segments with a small, 
the third with a conical raised tubercle, and the fourth with 
a large raised semicircular crest ; the two anal styles short, 
slender, and obtuse ; the operculum extending beyond the 
extremity of the abdomen, slender. The legs are rather 
short, the hind ones scarcely extending beyond the extre- 
mity of the abdomen ; the fore femora rather thicker than 
the others, dirty luteous, with a dark patch near the end ; 
middle and hind femora varied with small black spots ; 
tibise and tarsi varied with black and luteous. Body 



36 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



beneath dirty luteous, with two small tlark spots between 
the insertion of the middle and hind legs. 

Plate XXVII. Fig. G. The female, of the natural size. 6 a. 
The body of the insect seen sideways. 



Genus 6. LONCHODES. 

Lonchodes, G. R. Gray. 
Bacteria; pt., Be Haan. 

Body very long and slender, that of the female more 
robust. Head small, simple, or slightly bispinose. Ocelli 
wanting. Antennae long and slender. Thorax subcylin- 
drical, as long as the abdomen, dilated at the place of 
insertion of the two hind pairs of legs. Abdomen short, 
subcylindrical, with the apex lanceolate in the male, and 
deeply cleft. Operculum of the female not porrected. Legs 
moderately long, more or less dentate, the intermediate 
ones shorter than the others ; basal joint of tarsi long ; 
legs of female shorter. 

This genus is here made to include all those Eastern 
species of the family, the males of which are distinguished 
by having the terminal segment of the abdomen attenuated 
and deeply cleft. The species of which females alone are 
known are assigned to the group from analogy with those 
of which the females are known. There is, however, con- 
siderable diversity in the group, the extreme forms of 
which appear to be indicated by L. hrev'qies, nematodes, 
and virgea. 

1. (99.) Louchodes brevipes. 

Mas. Brunneus ; thorace scabriusculo, abdominis lon- 
gitudine ; capite cornubus duobus minutis armato ; pe- 
dibus brevibus, mediis brevioribusj femoribus mediis crassis, 
subtus apice dentatis ; tarsorum anticorum articulo Imo 
supra dilatato. 

Fccm. Brunnea ; capite cornubus duobus brevibus ; tho- 
race scabriusculo ; pedibus brevioribus, foliato-compressis, 
interruptis ; tarsorum anticorum articulo Inio elongato, 
dilatato, erecto. 

Long. Corp. maris 2" 4'" — 4" ; anten. 2". 

Long. Corp. focm. 4" 8'" ; anten. 1" 6'". 

Mas. Lonchodes brevipes, G. R. Gray, Si/71. Phasm.p. 19. 
Foem. Lonchodes pterodactvlus, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. 

p. 19. 

Hab. \\\ Ora Malabariensi. B.M. 

The National Museum contains three specimens of the 
male completely agreeing together. The two horns on the 
head are very small, and placed between the anterior part 



of the eyes. The body is entirely covered with minute 
white granules, which are less distinct on the abdomen. 
The mesothorax is strongly dilated at its extremity ; the 
upper surface of the thoracic and abdominal segments are 
destitute of a fine raised longitudinal dorsal line, except 
the terminal segments of the abdomen, which are carinated ; 
the seventh dorsal segment is conical, the eighth and ninth 
obconic, the ninth with a fine slit extending to the base, 
but with the edges of only the hinder half of the slit apart. 
The two anal styles are short, deflexed, straight, and affixed 
in the middle of the under side of the ninth segment. 
The three terminal ventral segments are gradually dilated 
from the base to the middle of the ninth segment, which is 
slightly swollen, its extremity scarcely extending beyond 
the base of the ninth dorsal segment. The anterior legs 
have one or two small spines beneath near the tip, and the 
basal joint of the fore tarsi is elevated, being widest towards 
the tip ; the middle femora are considerably thickened, 
armed beneath near the tip with a triangular lobe, ex- 
ternally denticulated; the hind femora are slender, with 
several minute spines near the tip. The proportions of a 
full-grown male are— Body, unc. 4^5- ; head, lin. 2 ; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 13; metath. lin. 9^; abdom. lin. 18 
-l-lin. 5 = hn. 23. 

The typical specimen of L. pterodactylus is a female, in 
the Collection of the British Museum, and is unquestion- 
ably the female of L. brevipes. The two horns on the head 
are very minute and scarcely distinct ; the mesothorax is 
much swollen behind, the metathorax being considerably 
wider than the middle of the mesothorax ; the fifth abdo- 
minal segment is dilated, the sixth narrowed, the seventh 
nearly as long as the sixth, narrowed ; the eighth and ninth 
are short and nearly equal in length, the last being termi- 
nated by a distinct semiovate lobe, like a tenth dorsal seg- 
ment ; the sixth ventral segment is furnished with a de- 
flexed point in the middle of its hind margin ; the oper- 
culum is but slightly dilated, and extends to the extremity 
of the ninth dorsal segment, which has its sides notched 
and armed with two small flattened oval anal styles. The 
fore tibi» have a small spine near the extremity on the 
under side ; the fore tibise have a dilatation near the base 
and apex on the upper edge, and the basal joint of the 
fore tarsi is dilated into a large rounded plate on its upper 
edge ; the middle femora are much thickened, with an an- 
gulated toothed lobe on the under side near the tip, and an 
angular projection near the tip on the upper side ; the 
middle tibia; are very short, with a lobe on both edges 
near the base. The hind legs are slender, with a small 
triangular notched lobe near the tip beneath. The pro- 
portions of a full-grown female are— Body, unc. 4, lin. 1 1 ; 



PHASMID^. LONCHODES. 



37 



cap.lin.2i ; proth.lin.2i ; mesotli.lin.13i; nietath.lin.il; 
abdom. lin. 22i + lin. 7 = lin. 2!)|. 

2. (100.) Lonchodes nodosus. 

Mas. Corpora coccineo, pedibus bis vel ter cvassiore ; 
capita convexo, inter ociilos bispinuloso ; metatliorace pona 
medium incrassato, uuinodoso ; nodo, protliorace toto et 
parte extrema mesothoracis et nietatlioracis olivacea ; pe- 
dibus subhirtis ; anticis corpore brevioribus, femoribus ante 
apiceni bispinulosis, apice subincrassatis ; tarsorum ante- 
riorum articulo 1° sequentibus longiore supra niarginato ; 
abdominis articulis 5 prioribus cylindricis, ulterioribus me- 
dio carinatis latioribus, 0° usque medium fisso. 

Foera. Corpore granulato, latiore, cinereo-fusco ; capite 
inermi ; metathorace mesothoraca 4"' breviore ; femoribus 
ante apicem 2-spinulosis, anterioribus extus convexis striatis, 
intus bicostatis, niediis incrassatis subincurvatis ; ultra 
medium supra subacantliopliyllis, posticis conipressis tetra- 
gonis rectis ; tibiis anticis margiue superiore foliaceo, medio 
sinuato ; mediis brevioribus, infra medium utrinqua acan- 
thophyllis ; posticis integris longitudine anteriorum ; tar- 
sorum anticorum articulo 1° foliaceo, sequentibus tribus 
sequali ; mediorum sequentibus duobus ajquali ; posticorum 
trigono ; abdominis articulo 6° subtus spina aucto ; vagina 
cymbiformi, carinata, apice augulata, longitudine abdo- 
minis. 

Long. corp. maris 3" /'" ; niesoth. 1" ; metatli. lOi'" ; 
pcd. ant. 2" 6"' ; ped. med. 1" 10^" ; ped. post. 2" 5"'. 

Long. corp. foem.4" 9"'; niesoth. 1" 2'" ; metath. 1 1'" ; 
pad. ant. 2" ; pad. med. 1" G'" ; pad. post. 1" 9"'. 

Phasnia (Bacteria) nodosum, De Haaii, Orth. Orient. \)A33. 

pi. 1 1. f. 3, mas ; pi. 13. f. 6, foem. (P. Sumatrauuni). 

Hab. Sumatra. 

Obs. This species approaches very closely to L. bi-evipes ; 
but the mala is distinguished by the nodose metatliorax, 
vphich is comparatively longer than in L. brefipes, the dark 
oUvaceous colour of the prothorax and dilated extremity 
of the mesothorax and metathorax, as well as the meta- 
thoracic lobe, and the more slender extremity of the abdo- 
men. The female has also the metathoracic lobe of large 
size ; otherwise it closely resembles the female of L. bre- 
vipes. 

3. (101.) Lonchodes geniculatus. 

Elono-atus, aptarus, cylindricus, inerniis, obscure fuscus ; 
meso- et metathorace postice subito aequaliter dilatatis, 
viridibus ; capite et prothorace inermibus, viridibus ; tho- 
race subglabro, abdomine toto parum longiori ; abdominis 



apice dilatato, fisso ; pedibus elongatis, viridibus, omnibus 
femorum apicibus laete rufis et intus spinulis nonnuUis 
niinutis armatis ; pedibus intermediis reliquis parum bre- 
vioribus sed vix crassioribus ; tarsorum articulo basali eloti- 
gato, simplici (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 3i ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 2; mesoth. 
liu. 11 ; metath. lin. 9 ; abdom. lin. 14+lin. 3i = lin. 17y. 

Lonchodes geniculatus, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 19. 
Phasma (Bacteria) geniculosum, JJ'estw. Cab. Orient. Ent. 

p. 80. pi. 39. f. l': 

Hab. Prince of Wales's Island {Dr. Cantor) ; Mus. 
Hope. India orient. ; Mus. Curtis ; B.M. 

Long, slender, and very delicately granulated ; the gra- 
nules on the thoracic segments forming transverse hues. 
The abdominal segments with a very fine raised central dorsal 
line. The meso- and metathorax are equally dilated at the 
extremity for the insertion of the legs. The abdomen is 
vary slander, the seventh and eighth segments forming a 
broad, nearly circular dilatation carinated down the centre, 
margined on the lateral edges ; the terminal segment small, 
obconic, and slit to the base, furnished on the under side 
with two small, straight anal styles ; the three terminal 
ventral segments are convex, the ninth not extending be- 
yond tha extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. The 
lao-s are very slender ; the anterior femora armed beneath 
near tha tip with four or five small spines gradually dimi- 
nishing in size. 

4. (102.) Lonchodes uniformis. 

Elongatus, apterus, cylindricus, inter pedes intermedios 
paulo dilatatus, fuscus, opacus, inermis ; thorace et abdo- 
mine longitudine fere sequalibus (mesothorace quartam 
partem corporis longitudine excedente) ; pedibus anticis 
elongatis, gracilibus, articulo Imo tarsorum elevato ; pe- 
dibus intermediis brevioribus, crassioribus (prsesertim femo- 
ribus), his ante apicem subtus spinulosis ; pedibus posticis 
subalongatis, gracilibus, tarsorum articulo 1 mo parum elon- 
gato, abdominis apice dilatato, fisso (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 3f ; cap. lin. IJ ; proth. lin. If ; me- 
soth. lin. 12 ; matath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 18 + lin. 4^ = 
lin. 22^. 

Phasnia (Lonchodes) uniforme, TTesttv. Cab. Orient. Ent. 

p. 79. pi. 39. f. 3. 

Hab. Prince of Wales's Island {Br. Cantor) ; Mus. 
Hope. Amboyna or Ceram {Mailame Pfelffer). Malacca 
and Sarawak, Borneo {JVaUace) ; B-^1- 

A specimen of this species, brought from Amboyna or 

Caram by Madame Pfeiffer, has the following proportions : 

Head and prothorax, lin. 3| ; mesothorax, Hn. Hi; 



38 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



nietathorax, lin. 8; first six joints of abdomen, lin. 18; 
three terminal joints, lin. 3f . 

It is more uniformly fulvo-ferruginous than the type; 
the abdomen more granulated, and with a very fine longitu- 
dinal dorsal line (also on the mesothorax) ; the anterior tarsi 
with the first joint not longer than the three following and 
scarcely elevato-compressed, and the metathorax consider- 
ably swollen at the extremity of its anterior part. 

5. (103.) Lonchodes luteo-viridis. 

Robustior, luteo-viridis, glaber, cylindricus, mesothoracis 
et metathoracis parte postica parum dilatata ; capite spiuis 
8, in coronam circulariter dispositis ; thorace et abdomiue 
longitudine fere sequalibus ; prothorace inermi ; mesotho- 
racis lateribus spinulosis spinisque duabus in medio dorsi 
alterisque duabus approximatis ad marginem posticum ; 
metathoracis lateribus spinulosis spinisque duabus pone 
medium disci armatis ; abdomine tenui, marginibus seg- 
mentorum parum rugosis ; apice clavato, fisso ; pedibus in- 
termediis brevioribus ; femoribus dilatatis et spinulis uon- 
nulhs armatis ; femoribus anticis et posticis etiam iutus ad 
a)iicem bispinulosis (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 3 ; cap. hn. 2| ; proth. hn. 2 ; mesotli. 
lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 14f -1-Un. a=liu. 19|. 

Phasma (Lonchodes) luteo-viride, Westw. Cab. Orient. Ent. 
p. 78. pi. 38. f. 7. 
Hab. Assam {Lieut. Robinson). Mus. Westwood. 



6. (104.) Lonchodes Stomphax, JVestw. 
Plate IV. fig. 8. 

Elongatus, gracilis, cylindricus, nitidus, omnino granulis 
minutis obsitus, linea tenui mediana elevata, obscure luteus ; 
capite, prothorace et parte dilatata postica meso- et meta- 
thoracis viridibus ; apicibus femorum et tibiarum nigris, 
illis crassioribus et apicem versus subtus denticulatis ; seg- 
mento ultimo abdominis fisso, lobis intus denticulatis sty- 
lisque duobus incurvatis instructis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3i ; anten. uuc. 2J ; proth. lin. 1^ ; 
mesoth. lin. 10 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 15-f lin. 5^= 
Hn. 20. 

Hab. Hong Kong. B.M. 

Long, slender and cylindrical, glossy, and entirely co- 
vered with minute granulations ; dirty luteous, with the 
head and prothorax and the hinder dilated part of the 
meso- and metathorax dark greenish, and the tips of the 
femora and of the tibiae black : a slender elevated median line 
extends from the front of the mesothorax to the ninth seg- 



ment of the abdomen. The head is small and simple. The 
antennaj rather longer than the fore legs and very slender. 
The mesothorax long and slender, but dilated at the hind 
part for the insertion of the middle legs. The metathorax 
is gradually narrowed from the base to the middle, and then 
gradually dilated to the hind part. The abdomen has the 
segments gradually narrowed to the seventh segment, the 
middle of each segment being slightly narrowed, and the 
base and tip of each rather swollen ; the eighth segment is 
dilated and nearly rounded, and the ninth obconic, with a 
longitudinal incision extending to the base, the tips being 
incurved and furnished within with numerous minute teeth, 
and beneath with two strong obtuse styles bent upwards at 
their tips ; the eighth ventral segment is short, and the ninth 
scarcely extends beyond the base of the ninth dorsal seg- 
ment ; it is strongly angulated at the base beneath. The 
legs are long, slender, and simple, the femora alone being 
rather thickened, especially towards the tips, near to which 
the four posterior are furnished with a small triangular lobe 
finely denticulated on the outer edge. The legs are dirty 
pale luteous, with all the ridges formed of fine black lines ; 
the basal joint of all the tarsi is long and simple ; the two 
anterior femora have one or two fine teeth near the tip ; the 
middle femora are only equal in thickness to the posterior 
pair. The antennse, except the two pale luteous basal 
joints, are black. 

Plate IV. Fig. 8. The male, of the natural size. 8 b. The 
four terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 8 u. 
The terminal segments seen from behind. 



7. (105.) Lonchodes Myrina, Westw. 
Plate XXIV. fig. 7. 

Elongatus, subgracilis, olivaceo-viridis, segmentis abdo- 
minalibus apice piceis ; siibnitidus, parce et crebre granu- 
latus ; capite inter oculos bispinoso ; segmentis sex basalibus 
abdominis in medio constrictis, 7mo et 8vo dilatatis, 9no 
elongato, ad basin fisso ; pedibus suhgracilibus ; femoribus 
ante apicem infra bispinosis (mas). 

Long. corp. uuc. 3| ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. If; proth. 
lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 11 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 17 + 
lin. 5=lin. 22. 

Hab. In partibus septentrionalibus Indise orient. B.M. 

This species is more robust than £. Stomphax and 
several other allied species. It is cyUndrical, shghtly 
glossy, sparingly furnished with small granules. It is of a 
dark olive-green, with the articulations of the abdominal 
segments pitchy. The head is armed between the eyes with 
two spines. The meso- and metathorax are considerably 



PHASMID.E. LONCIIODES. 



39 



dilated at tlie insertion of the legs ; the hinder portion of 
the metathorax occupies about one-third of its whole 
length. The abdomen has the six basal segments of nearly 
equal length, becoming gradually but slightly thinner, each 
with the middle rather constricted, the base and apex of 
each segment being widest ; the seventh and eighth seg- 
ments are much dilated, and the ninth is considerably elon- 
gated, and cleft from the tip to the base ; the three ter- 
minal segments beneath are swollen, and only extend to the 
middle of the eighth dorsal segment ; the two anal lobes 
are very small and oval. The legs are of moderate length, 
and have the femora (especially the two posterior pairs) 
armed on the under side near the tip with two spines ; the 
tibiae are simple, and the tarsi have the basal joint about as 
long as the second and third joints united together. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. /. The male, of the natural size. 7 a. The 
terminal seements of the abdomen seen sideways. 



8. (lOG.) Lonchodes hsematomus. 
Plate XXIV. fig. 8. 

Gracillimus, cylindricus, subobscurus, obscure viridis ; 
coxis omnibus subtus sanguineis ; capite inter oculos bi- 
spinoso ; antenuis pedibus anticis longioribus ; meso- et 
metathorace granulosis, hoc pone medium bispinoso ; ab- 
dominis segmento 7mo et Svo paruni latioribus, 9no pro- 
funde fisso ; femoribus ante apicem subtus spinula arniatis, 
intermediis crassioribns ; tibiis intermediis abbreviatis 
(mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 4^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. una. 2^ ; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 13y ; metath. lin. 9^; abdom. lin. 20 
-hlin. .i^lin. 2.5. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo {Wallace). Mus^ Saunders. 

Allied to Lonchodes unifunnis, but more slender, of a 
uniform dark green colour, with two short, strong, and di- 
verging spines on the hinder part of the metathorax. The 
coxae of all the legs beneath sanguineous. Entirely of a 
slender form ; the mesothorax slightly dilated at the place 
of insertion of the middle legs. Head rather small, with 
two spines between the eyes ; the clypeus and base of 
the antennae pale luteous. The antennae are longer than j 
the fore legs, and slender, the basal joint small. The me- 
sothorax is long and slender, and covered on the upper side 
with very small and very numero\is granules, as is also the 
metathorax ; the former is slightly dilated at the place of 
insertion of the fore legs, whilst the latter is armed, half- 
way between the middle and the hind margin, with two 
short but strong divergent spines. The abdomen is long 
and slender ; the seventh and eighth segments but slightly 



dilated ; the ninth slit down the middle of its whole 
length ; the eighth ventral segment is very short, and 
extends to the extremity of the seventh dorsal segment, 
the ninth ventral segment extending to the extremity of the 
eighth dorsal. The fore legs are moderately long and 
slender ; the middle femora are nearly as thick as the me- 
sothorax ; the middle tibiae are scarcely more than two- 
thirds of the length of their femora ; the hind pair of legs 
scarcely extend beyond the extremity of the abdomen, they 
are slender. All the femora are armed with two or three 
spines on the under side near the tip, largest in the middle 
legs, smallest in the hind legs. The basal joint in all the 
tarsi is about as long as the three following joints. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. 8. The male, of the natural size. 8 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



9. (107.) Lonchodes Stilpnus, Westw. 
Plate XXV. fig. 8. 

Valde attenuatus, laevis, nitidus, inermis, cylindricus, 
luteus ; dorso meso- et metathoracis geniculisque nigris ; 
articulo ultimo abdominis elongato, carinato, profunde bi- 
fido ; pedibus valde elougatis ; femoribus 4 posticis prope 
apicem subtus spinula armatis ; antennis femoribus anticis 
brevioribus (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 4^ ; cap. lin. 2f ; anten. lin. 15 ; proth. 
lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. \Q\ ; metath. Ihi. 9 ; abdom. lin. 23-(- 
lin. 5 = lin. 28. 

Hab. In India orientali, Silhet, Assam, et Java. Ains. 
Westwood, East India House ; B..M. 

This species is nearly allied to Ph. nematodes, De Haan, 
p. 132. pi. 11. fig. 6, but is more robust. The head is 
elongate behind the eyes, smooth, and moderately convex. 
The antennae are short, not extending beyond the meso- 
thorax. The mesothorax is smooth, glossy, and slender, 
moderately dilated (as is also the metathorax) at the place 
of insertion of the legs. The metathorax is about five- 
sixths of the length of the mesothorax ; its hinder division 
occupies about one-sixth of its whole length. The meso- 
and metathorax are shining black on the upper side ; each 
extremity fulvous-brown. The abdomen is slender ; the 
joints gradually but slightly narrowed from the base to the 
middle, and then widening again to the tip ; the three ter- 
minal segments are strongly keeled, the last with the sides 
greatly elongated and deflexed, forming two thin append- 
ages rounded at the tip, with the anal styles very short 
and obtuse. The three terminal ventral segments are mo- 
derately swollen, the last only reaching to the extremity 
of the eighth dorsal segment. The legs are very long and 



40 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



slender, especially the anterior pair, which are quite simple; 
the four posterior femora are armed on the under side near 
the tip with a small spine, and the tibiie are armed with 
minute spines beyond the middle ; the tarsi are long and 
slender ; the basal joint in the fore legs more than half the 
length of the whole tarsi, in the hind legs about one-half 
the whole length. 

Another male specimen in my collection, also sent to me 
from Assam by Major Jenkins, differs in the more slender 
form of the meso- and nietathorax, the head considerably 
shorter behind the eyes, the longer anal styles, the shorter 
deflexed lateral extremities of the terminal segment of the 
abdomen, and the almost parallel sides of the body. 

Another male specimen collected by Dr. Ilorsfield in 
Java, in the Collection of the East India Coni])any, is still 
more slender, with the head as long as in the type, with 
two small tubercles at its hinder extremity ; it is of a 
uniform red-brown colour, except that the tips of the fe- 
mora and the base and extremity of the tibiae are black. 
Its total length is 45V" ; head, 2"'; proth. l^'" ; mesoth. 
10'"; metath. 9'"; abdom. 1 8i'" + 4f " = 2.V". The an- 
tennae are 14'"; the fore legs, 21'" + 26'" + t>i"' = Mi"' ; 
the middle legs, \4'" +\6'" + 4"' =34'"; and the hind legs 
17"' -1-20"' -1-5'" = 42'". 

Plate XXV. Fig. 8. Tlie nialo, of the natural size. 8 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



10. (108.) Lonchodes Steira, Tf'estw. 
Plate XXIII. fig. 5. 

Luteo-brunneus, nitidus, granulosus; capite spinis duabus 
inter oculos ; segmentis abdominalibus basi et apice paulo 
constrictis, segmentis tribus apicalibus parum dilatatis, 
ultimo obconico, fisso ; jjedibus brevioribus ; femoribus in- 
termediis crassioribus (mas). 

Long. corp. maris unc. 3^; cap. lin. 1 1 ; proth. lin. 1 J ; 
mesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. lin. (J ; abdom. lin. l."ii-)-lin. 4 = 
lin. 19|. 

Hab. In Amboyna {Madame Ida Vfeiffer). Mus. 
West wood. 

This species of which I have only a single male speci- 
men, is closely allied to i. Praon, Westw., but differs in 
having a longer body, shorter legs, dentate femora, and a 
shorter terminal segment to the abdomen. The body is 
slender and snbcylindrical, glossy, and moderately covered 
with very fine granulations. The head is rather short, 
with two short erect spines between the eyes ; the hind 
margin with a row of small elevations ; the antennte ex- 
tend to the extremity of the fore tibiae. The mesothorax 



is one-third longer than the metathorax ; both are only 
slightly dilated at the base of the legs ; the hinder division 
of the metathorax is nearly two-fifths of its whole length. 
The abdominal segments are slightly constricted both at 
the base and apex, and in the middle of the hind margin of 
each there is a minute elevated angle ; the three terminal 
segments are but slightly dilated ; they are strongly keeled 
above, of nearly equal length, the last being cleft at its 
extremity, the lateral posterior angles of which are produced 
backwards and downwards into an angulated point ; the 
anal styles short, slender, obtuse at the tips, and deflexed ; 
the terminal ventral segments much swollen, especially the 
last, which only extends to the extremity of the eighth dorsal 
segment. The legs are of moderate length and slender, 
except the middle femora, which are shorter and thicker 
than the rest ; all are furnished with two or three small 
teeth near the tips on the under side. 

Plate XXIIl. Fig. 5. The male, of the natural size. 5 a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 



11. (109.) Lonchodes Trollius, Westw. 
Platk XXIII. fig. 1. 

Brunneo-luteus, opacus, crebrissime granulatus, gracil- 
limus ; meso- et metathoracis apicibus segmentisque api- 
calibus abdominis dilatatis ; capite inter oculos spinis 
duabus minutis ; segmento anali profunde fisso, lateribus 
in lobos duos elongatos deflexos productis; pedibus cras- 
sioribus (mas). 

Long. Corp. maris unc. 3-| ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 1 J ; 
mesoth. lin. IQ^ ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 16| -f lin. 5 
=lin. 21i. 

Hab. In insulis Philippinensibus. B.M. 

This species, of which I have only seen a single male, 
is closely allied to L. genicidatus, Curtis, but is of a more 
slender form ; it is of a uniform luteons-brown colour, 
without any gloss ; the surface of the thorax and basal 
segments of the abdomen is very finely granulose. The 
head is wider than the prothorax, gradually narrowed be- 
hind the eyes ; the crown is armed with two small spines 
between the eyes ; the hinder margin has two small raised 
tubercles ; the antenna? exteud to the extremity of the fore 
tibiae. The mesothorax is one-fifth longer than the meta- 
thorax ; both are considerably dilated at the place of in- 
sertion of the legs ; the hinder division of the metathorax 
is about one-fifth of its whole length. The abdomen is 
slender and cylindrical, with a fine raised line running 
down its whole length ; the seventh segment is gradually 
and the eighth considerably dilated ; the ninth is cleft nearly 



PIIASMID.E. LOXCIIODES. 



41 



to the base, its sides being produced into two long narrow 
and deflcxed processes incurved at the tips, armed within 
with a number of minute points, and having a longitudinal 
impression on the outside. The anal styles are slender, 
short, obtuse and deflexed. The three terminal ventral 
segments are moderately swollen. The legs are of mode- 
rate length ; the four hind femora are considerably thick- 
ened, and armed near the tips beneath with two spines ; the 
fore femora are thinner and the spines smaller ; the basal 
joint of the tarsi is about half their entire length. 

Plate XXIII. Fig. 1. The male, of the nattu-al size. la. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 

12. (110.) Lonchodes Praon, IVestw. 
Plate VI. fig. 3. 

Gracilis, subcylindricus, parce granulosus, rufo-fuscus ; 
abdominis apice luteo, segmentis apice pallidius annulatis ; 
capite spinis duabus inter oculos tuberculisque 4 in jiarte 
postica ; pedibus fulvis, femoribus basi obscurioribus ; seg- 
meuto ultimo abdominis elongato, attenuate, fisso (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3|^ ; anteu. unc. 3J ; proth. lin. \\; 
mesoth. lin. 8^ ; metath. lin. f) ; abdom. lin. 13-f lii>, 4 = 
lin. 17. 

Hab. In Ceylon. B.M. 

Long, slender and cylindrical, sparingly granulated, red- 
brown ; the hind part of the abdomen luteous, the extremity 
of the abdominal segments paler ; legs fulvous, the femora 
red-brown at the base, the tips and the base of the tibiae 
slightly darker. Head vvith two small erect spines between 
the eyes, and four small tubercles in a transverse row on the 
hind margin of the head ; the antennae are very long and 
slender. The meso- and metathorax on the upper surface 
and sides have a few small granules ; the segments of the 
abdomen are slightly widened at the articulations ; the 
seventh segment is short, but gradually dilated, its extre- 
mity being constricted ; the eighth is still gradually more 
dilated, its extremity also constricted ; and the ninth seg- 
ment is nearly as long as the two preceding together, and 
much narrower, gradually attenuated to the tip, which is 
deeply cleft, with the two very short anal styles concealed 
beneath ; the three terminal ventral segments are very 
short ; the ninth much swollen near the base, and not ex- 
tending beyond the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. 
The legs are long and slender, fulvous, with the base of the 
femora reddish-brown ; the extremity of the femora and 
base of the tibise slightly darker. 

Plate VI. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
head seen sidewavs. 3 b. The terminal segments of the ab- 
domen seen sidewavs. 3 c. The same seen from beneath. 



13. (111.) Lonchodes Taprobanae, Westw. 
Plate XXIV. fig. 12, male. Plate VI. fig. G, female. 

Elongatus, subgracilis, subcylindricus, uudiijue granu- 
latus ; capite inter oculos foliolis duobus apice rotundatis 
iustructo, segmentis abdominis apice latioribus ; tibiis an- 
ticis apice tarsisque auticis articulo basali angulato-dila- 
tatis ; pedibus intermediis brevioribus, femoribus crassis, 
ante medium tuberculo magno tumido alteroque minori 
ante apicem iustructis (fcem.). Mas multo gracilior, sub- 
filiformis. 

Long. Corp. maris unc. 3| ; cap. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 12 ; 
metath. lin. 9 ; abdom. lin. 16-i-lin. 5=lin. 21. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. b\ ; anten. unc. 3 ; proth. lin. 2\ ; 
mesoth. lin. \A\ ; metath. Hn. 11 ; abdom. lin. 29-|-hn. 16 
= lin. 35. 

Hab. In Ceylon. B.M. &c. 

Entirely of an obscure and opake greenish-brown, and 
covered, both above and below, with minute granules ; the 
abdominal segments beneath having numerous minute 
white tubercles. The head is furnished between the eyes 
in the male with two erect spines, and in the female with 
two foliaceous tubercles, thin, and rounded at the top ; 
the antennae are nearly equal to the fore legs iu length. 
The mesothorax in the female is considerably narrowed iu 
its anterior half. The metathorax is slightly dilated both 
at the base and extremity, the middle ha\dng the sides 
nearly parallel. The abdomen of the male is slender, with 
the three terminal joints dilated, the last elongated and 
deeply bifid ; that of the female has the two basal joints 
short, the four following comjiaratively long, the three ter- 
minal ones short, the ninth being pointed at the tip, with 
the lateral posterior angles slightly prominent; the first 
to the seventh segment having the extremity of each 
widened, so as to appear knotted. The operculum extends 
nearly to the extremity of the ninth dorsal segment ; it is 
angulated beyond the middle, and considerably rugose. 
The fore legs of the male are long and slender, shorter in 
the female, with the femora curved at the base, slightly 
angulated within near the tip ; the tibiae are triangularly 
dilated at the tip, and the basal joint of the tarsi is also 
angularly elevated. The middle legs are the shortest and 
thickest; the femora with a large, irregidar, swollen tu- 
bercle at a short distance from the base, and a smaller one 
beyond the middle ; the tibiae have a small dilatation within 
near the base, and another before the middle on the out- 
side. The hind pair of legs is rather slender and simple. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. 12. The male, of the natural size. 12 a. 
The extremity of the abdomen seen sideways. 



42 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Plate VI. Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
head seen sideways. 6 b. The terminal segments of the 
abdomen seen sideways. 



14. (112.) Lonchodes Nematodes. 
Plate V. fig. 7, male. 

Mas. Corpore Isevissimo, nitido, gracillimo, cylindrico, 
pedibus vix crassiore; capita convexo, inter oculos bispi- 
nuloso ; pedibus valde elongatis, anticis corporis longitu- 
dinem sequantibus ; femoribus apice subintegris ; tarsorum 
articulo Imo ceteris bis longiore. 

Long. Corp. 3" 4'" ; mesoth. 9i"' ; metath. 9'" ; ped. 
ant. et post. 3" 3'" ; ped. med. 2" 9^'" ; anteu. 1" 4'". 

Foem. Capite bicornuto ; tborace granulato ; metatho- 
race mesothorace 3'" breviore ; pedibus mediis et posticis 
sequalibus ; femoribus ante apicem bispinulosis, auticis 
extus convexis, intus acute angulatis, mediis et posticis 
ffiqualibus, rectis, compressis ; tibiis anticis margine folia- 
ceo, infra medium dilatato, angulato, mediis et posticis 
prope basiu infra unidentatis ; abdominis articulo 6° subtus 
inermi. 

Long. Corp. 5" ; mesoth. 1" 3'" ; metath. 1"; ped. antic. 
2" 8'" ; ped. med. 2" ; ped. post. 2" 3'" ; anten. 2" 3'". 

Phasma (Bacteria) nematodes, Be Haan, Orthopt. Orietit. 
p. 133. pi. 1 1 . f. 6. mas, pi. 13. f. 1. foem. (Ph. Crawan- 
gense). 
Hab. Buitenzorg, Sumatra (De/?aa«) ; Singapore. B.M. 

The insect represented in Plate V. fig. 7. agrees iu all its 
general characters with the male figured by De Haan. It 
is, however, from Singapore, and is in the National Collec- 
tion. Its head is armed with two small spines between the 
eyes, which appear to be wanting in De Haan's specimen ; 
the antennse have a minute tubercle on one of the joints 
near the base of each ; the anterior femora are not of equal 
length. The remarkable structure of the extremity of the 
abdomen is not represented by De Haan. The ninth dor- 
sal segment is attenuated and deeply cleft, the two divi- 
sions incurved at the tip, with the inner edge armed with 
numerous minute spines, and furnished at the middle with 
two elongate curved styles. The three terminal ventral seg- 
ments do not extend beyond the base of the ninth dorsal 
segment. 

Plate V. Fig. 7- The male, of the natural size. 7 «■ The 
three terminal segments of the abdomen seen from the 
side. 7 b. The same seen from beneath. 

15. (113.) Lonchodes Porus, Westw. 
Plate VII. fig. 9. 

Elongatus, gracilliraus, antennis valde elongatis (corporis 



longitudine), obscure castaneo-fuscus ; tuberculis 4 meso- 
et metathoracis albidis ; segmentis tribus apicalibus ova- 
libus, ultimo augulis apicalibus deflexis, intus spiuigeris ; 
femoribus omnibus spina j)arva subajiicali subtus armatis 
(mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3y^ ; anten. unc. 3^; proth. lin. Ij ; 
mesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdoni. lin. 17 + Hn. 3^ 
= lin. 20|. 

Hah. In India orientali. B.M. 

Long, very slender, cylindrical and glossy, of a dark 
chestnut-brown colour ; the tarsi rather paler, with the tips 
of the joints darker, and the four small tubercles on the 
meso- and metathorax pale buff. The head is unarmed ; 
the antennse about as long as the entire body, and very 
slender ; mesothorax with two small tubercles near the hind 
margin, and the metathorax with two prominent ones on the 
sides in the middle. The abdomen is long and slender ; the 
three terminal segments form an oval mass broader than 
the rest of the abdomen, they are also rather recurved ; the 
terminal segment is gradually attenuated to the tip, which 
is slightly notched, the lateral posterior angles beiug strongly 
dcflcxed, so as nearly to come in contact beneath, the edges 
denticulated within, and emitting the two curved, clavate 
anal styles, which are not visible from above. The legs are 
long and slender, all the femora being armed near the tip 
beneath with a small spine. 

Plate VII. Fig. 9. The male, of the natural size. 9 a. The 
three terminal segments seen from the side. 9 h. The ter- 
minal segment seen from behind. 

Ifi. (114.) Lonchodes Pseudoporus, JFestw. 
Plate IV. fig. 0. 

Gracillimus, fihformis, luteo-fuscus ; antennis femoribus 
anticis brevioribus, 22-articulatis ; pedibus gracilibus, elon- 
gatis ; femoribus 4 posticis paulo crassioribus et ante api- 
cem subtus spinulis 2-3 instructis ; abdominis segmento 
ultimo profunde fisso (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2\; anten. lin. 9 ; proth. lin. 1 ; me- 
soth. lin. fii; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 12^-|-lin. 2\ — 
lin. 15. 

Hab. Ceylon. B.M. 

Very slender and filiform, smooth, and nearly cylindrical, 
luteous brown. Head fulvous, with a transverse brown 
mark between the eyes ; the antennae about as long as the 
mesothorax, but shorter than the fore femora, 22-jouited, 
the joints long and slender. Prothorax smaller than the 
head, with a black stripe on each side interrupted in the 
middle. Mesothorax long and simple. Metathorax nearly 



PHASMID^. LONCHODES. 



43 



as long as the mesothorax, and simple, each slightly dilated 
at its liind extremity for the insertion of the legs, and 
marked with a luteous lateral line edged on each side with 
black. The abdomen long, slender and simple, the seg- 
ments rather thickened at the base and apes ; the three 
terminal segments short, forming an elongate-ovate mass ; 
the ninth being deeply cleft down the middle behind, its 
two divisions being incurved at the extremity, and their 
inner and under edges armed with minute transverse teeth ; 
the three terminal ventral segments are short, scarcely ex- 
tending beyond the base of the ninth dorsal segment, and 
exposing the insertion of the two curved setose anal styles. 
The legs (especially the anterior pair) are long and slender ; 
the four posterior femora slightly thickened, and armed 
beneath near the tips with two or three minute spines ; 
the two posterior tibiae are also slightly serrated towards 
their tips. 

Plate IV. Fig. 6. The male, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
three terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 
6 6. The same seen dorsally. 6 c. The same seen from 
beneath. 

17. (115.) Lonchodes Bootanicus, Westw. 
Plate XXVI. fig. 8. 

Elongatus, cyhndricus, subtenuis, opacus, obscure luteus 
fuseo subvarius ; totus Isevis, absque spinis, tuberculis et 
granulis ; antennis longis, midtiarticulatis ; mesothorace 
valde elongato ; metathorace vix tertiam partem mesotho- 
racis longitudine sequali ; pedibus subelongatis ; femoribus 
omnibus angulatis et prope apiccm subtus spinula armatis ; 
tibiis simplicibus ; tarsorum articulo basali tribus sequen- 
tibus subaequali. 

Long. corp. circ. unc. ■\\ ; cap. lin. 3; anten. tmc. Hn. 2^; 
proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 13^ ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdoni. 
segm. 6 basal, unc. 2. 

Hah. Bootan, Indife oricntalis. In Mus. East India 
House. 

Elongate, subcyllndric, rather slender ; obscure buff, 
with slight brown markings ; entirely smooth, and destitute 
of spines, tubercles, or granules. The head is oblong, 
scarcely attenuated behind. The antennae long, slender, 
multiarticulate ; the basal joints subdepressed. The meso- 
thorax is comparatively very long, and is rather narrowed 
towards the fore part. The metathorax is rather more 
than one-third of the length of the mesothorax ; its hinder 
portion occupies about two-fifths of its whole length. The 
abdomen is subcylindric, with the six basal segments sim- 
ple (the remainder are broken off in the unique specimen 
before me). The legs are moderately long ; the femora of 



all the legs are augulated, and armed near the tips beneath 
with a minute spine ; the tibise are slender and simple, and 
the basal joint of all the tarsi is about equal in length to 
the tliree following joints. 

Plate XXVI. Fig. 8. The insect, of the natural size. 



18. (116.) Lonchodes Amaurops. Plate XXIV. fig. 10. 

Luteo-fuscus, obscurus, subrugosus ; dorso meso- et 
metathoracis granulis majoribus nigris notato ; capite inter 
oculos sinuato ; abdominis segmento quarto spina acuta 
decumbente marginis postici armato, segmentis oto et 6to 
lateribus vix dilatatis, operculi apice truncato, tuberculato ; 
pedibus bre\'ibus, intermediis crassioribus, femoribus omni- 
bus ante apicem subtus spinulosis ; tibiis 2 anticis extus 
membrana angusta instructis ; tarsis anticis articulis tribus 
basalibus supra compresso-dilatatis, pedibus 2 posticis gra- 
cilibus (focm.). 

Long. corp. unc. 4^- ; cap. Un. 2^ ; proth. hn. 2^ ; me- 
soth. lin. 12; metath. Un. 9 ; abdom. lin. 20 -|- lin. 5 = 
hn. 25. 

Hah. Sarawak, Borneo (-D. Wallace). In Mus. Saun- 
ders ; B.M. 

Allied to LoHcJiodes brevipes, feni., but narrower, and at 
once distinguished by the less-developed appendages of the 
legs, by the black tubercles on the thorax, and by the acute 
decumbent spine on the fourth segment of the abdomen. 
The body is long, rather slender and subcylindrical, opake, 
obscure luteous-brown, slightly rugose ; the meso- and me- 
tathorax being moreover marked with a number of mode- 
rate-sized black oval tubercles. The head has a sinuated 
ridge in the middle between the eyes. The antennae are 
about equal in length to the fore legs. The mesothorax is 
but slightly dilated at the place of insertion of the middle 
legs. The metathorax is slightly but gradually widened 
from the base to the insertion of the hind legs, in front of 
which is a small but prominent tubercle on each side of the 
body. The abdomen has the sides nearly parallel, the 
fourth segment having a small but very acute decumbent 
spine in the middle of its hind margin ; the fifth and sixth 
segments are slightly dilated at the sides ; the three ter- 
minal segments are short and uniform ; the ninth with the 
lateral a])ieal angles prominent and directed backwards. 
The operculum extends rather beyond the end of the body ; 
it is deepest at its extremity, where it is rather abruptly 
truncate and rugose along the edge. The legs are short ; 
all the femora with two or three small spines on the under 
side near the tip ; the fore femora are rugose ; the fore 
tibise with a narrow membrane along the whole length of 

g2 



44 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



the upper edge ; the middle femora thick and rugose ; the 
middle tibiae short, and with two lobes on the outer edge ; 
the hind legs are slender and nearly simple ; the fore tarsi 
have the three basal joints crested above, the basal joint 
being short, especially in the middle legs. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. 10. The female, of the natural size. 10«. 
The extremity of the abdomen seen sideways. 

19. (117.) Lonchodes Crislma, JT'estw. 
Plate XXIV. fig. 9, female. 

Elongatus, subcylindricus, abdomine crassiori, luteus, 
opacus ; thorace granuloso ; parte postica metanoti valde 
elongata ; abdominis segmento ultimo apice deplanato, 
emarginato ; pedihus brevioribus, crassis ; femoribus anticis 
supra subfoliaceis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. uuc. 4 ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. lin. 2 ; me- 
soth. lin. II ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 24 + lin. 4 = 
lin. 28. 

Hab. In Insula Java (I)i\ Horsjield). In Mus. East 
India House, London. 

This species, of which I have only seen a single female, 
has the body of a dull luteous colour destitute of gloss ; it 
is elongate, subcylindrical, with the abdomen broadest. The 
head is moderately elongated behind the eyes, with a few 
minute granules and an indistinct row of slightly raised 
tubercles across the hind margin. The antennoe are slender, 
and longer than the fore legs ; the thoracic segments are 
granulose, the hinder part of the metathora.x and the abdo- 
minal segments nearly smooth ; the metathorax is scarcely 
half the length of the mesothorax, and its posterior division 
is nearly three times the length of the anterior. The ab- 
domen is widened in the middle, finely margined, and the 
three terminal segments are scarcely longer than the sixth 
segment ; the terminal one is subdepressed and emarginate 
at its extremity, with the very short broad styles visible at 
its jiosterior angles ; the operculum is gradually swollen in 
the middle, and extends to the extremity of the body. The 
legs are rather short and thick, strongly angulated ; the 
fore femora with the upper edge wide and very thin ; the 
four posterior femora are armed near the tips beneath with 
a small angulated lobe ; the basal joint of the tarsi is about 
as long as the three following joints in all the feet. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. 9. The female, of the natural size. 9 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen laterally. 

20. (118.) Lonchodes PfeifFerse, IJ'esfw. 
Plate V. fig. G. 

Elongatus, robustior, subcylindricus, supra parce granu- 



losus, fulvo-brunneus ; antennis longis ; capite inter oculos 
bispinoso ; segmento ultimo abdominis angulis posticis sub- 
porreetis, lobo anali exposito ; tarsorum anticorum artieulo 
basali longo, apice dilatato ; femoribus omnibus subtus ante 
apicem bispinosis (foim.). 

Long, corp.unc. 4|- ; anten. unc. 2\ ; proth. lin. 3 ; me- 
soth. lin. 13 ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdoui. lin. 23 -|- lin. .5 = 
hn. 28. 

Hab. Ceram (Madame Pfeifer). B.M. 

Long, rather robust, subcylindrical, sparingly granulose 
on the upper surface, and with a few very small granules 
on each segment beneath ; entirely fulvous-brown. The 
head almost square, with two erect spines between the eyes, 
and the hind part of the crown of the head tubercled. 
Antennse nearly as long as the fore legs ; meso- and meta- 
thorax moderately dilated at the insertion of the legs ; ab- 
dominal segments with a slender elevated line running 
down the middle of the back, more distinct at the hinder 
margin of each segment ; the three terminal segments 
scarcely differ from the preceding except in being shorter, 
the eighth being the shortest; the ninth is somewhat 
broadly, but not deeply, emarginate on the hind marsin, 
exposing a broad conical anal lobe, as well as the ex- 
tremity of the operculum ; the two caudal styles are very 
small and lateral ; the operculum is rather swollen beyond 
the middle, its extremity slightly extending beyond the ex- 
tremity of the ninth dorsal segment. The legs are rather 
short; all the femora are somewhat thickened, and have 
the under side near the extremity armed with two or three 
small spines ; the anterior tarsi have the basal joint rather 
elongated, and compressed at its extremity. 

Plate V. Fig. G. The female, of the natural size, fi a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sidewavs. 

21. (119.) Lonchodes Systropedon, TTestiv. 
Plate III. fig. 8, female. 

Elongatus, gracilis, cylindricus, opacus, fuscus, granu- 
losus ; abdomine foeinina} in medio dilatato ; capite spinis 
duabus iuter oculos ; meso- et metathorace segmentisque 
abdomiualibus tuberculo majori in medio marginis postici ; 
segmento nono hrevi, depresso, lobo apicah hastato ; pedibus 
longis, gracilibus, simplicibus, femoribus subtus prope api- 
cem spinula parva armatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3yV ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. Hn. 9; metath. hn. ,5| ; abdom. lin. 12-|-lin. 4i-f 
lob. term. lin. 3=lin. I9|-. 

Hab. Philippine Islands. B.M. 

Brown, opake and granulose, the surface being also more 



PHASMID.^. LONCnODES. 



45 



or less tuberculated. The head is armed with two spines 
between the e3cs ; the crown also bears several pairs of 
smaller points ; the basal joint of the antennse is dilated. 
The prothorax is armed with a pair of small approximating 
spines in front and Ijebind ; the mesothorax is granulose, 
the points becoming larger next the mesial line, and with a 
large tubercle in the middle of the hind margin, the lateral 
part being dilated for the insertion of the middle legs ; the 
metathorax is also granulose, with a larger tubercle in the 
middle of the hind margin, as is also the case with the 
abdominal segments, except one or two of the apical ones. 
One of the two female specimens in the British JNIuseum 
is less rugose, and has the abdomen long and nearly cylin- 
drical, the seventh segment being the narrowest ; the ninth 
is short, transverse, with the apical angles deflexed, a mi- 
nute central lobe, and two minute but rather broad styles 
beneath (fig. 8 <J and 8t?4). The other female has the 
middle segments dilated, the ninth being suddenly de- 
jjressed at a short distance from its base, the apical portion 
(which, although apparently soldered to the joint, appears 
rather to be the representative of a tenth or supplemental 
joint) forming a long lance-like piece, extending considerably 
beyond the extremity of the operculum. The legs are long 
and slender ; the femora armed near the tips beneath with 
a minute spine. On the mider side the female is furnished 
with a few granules on each segment of the body placed 
irregularly along the middle. The three terminal ventral 
segments of the variety are evidently soldered into one 
joint or operculum. 

The diiference in the structure of the terminal segments 
of the abdomen in the two specimens of this species in the 
British Museum Collection, led me at first to suppose and 
indicate in the lettering of the figures that the narrow one 
was a male and the other the female. I feel, however, now 
satisfied that both are females ; the terminal appendage in 
the narrower specimen having been subjected to an arrest 
of development, and the width of the broader specimen 
being probably caused by its having been impregnated. I 
have nowhere else met with so remarkable a variation in 
the structure of these important organs in the individuals 
of the same sex in any species. 

Plate III. Fig. 8 ? . The female insect, of the natural size. 
S a. The terminal segments of its body seen sideways. 
8 i . The abdomen of the variety of the female seen from 
above. 8 <? 6. The terminal segments seen sideways. 



22. (120.) Lonchodes Cyllabacus, U'estw. 
Plate VI. fig. 4. 
Elongatus, subgracilis, undique irregulariter granulatus. 



obscurus, sordide fuscus, luteo paulo variegatus ; capite 
inter oculos spinis duabus erectis ; abdominis segmentis 
postice in medio subcarinatis, segmento 8vo supra angulato, 
ultimo ad apicem subtrifido ; pedibus anticis irregulariter 
tuberculatis, articulo basali tarsorum subconico ; femoribus 
intermediis trilobato-spinosis (foem.). 

Long. corp. unc. 2, liu. 1 1 ; cap. lin. 2i ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 5i ; abdom. lin. 13-f lin. 4 = 
lin. 17. 

Hab. Ceylon. 

Nearly allied to Ph. iAeanthoihrus) pfiijllojius, De Haan, 
pi. 12. f. .5. 

Elongate, moderately slender, convex, obscure, irregularly 
granulated both above and beneath, dirty brown ; the body 
and legs variegated with dull luteous ; the femora clouded 
with blackish. Head oblong, with two spines between the 
eyes ; the disc granular, especially on the hind part ; the 
meso- and metathorax are destitute of spines, but are gra- 
nulated, especially at the sides, and are marked with a fine 
central longitudinal line. The abdomen is granulose, espe- 
cially at the hind part of the segments, in the middle of 
which each is marked with a dark, slightly elevated space ; 
the eighth dorsal segment is extended backwards and ele- 
vated angularly ; the ninth segment being deflexed, with its 
lateral posterior angles prominent, but obtuse, and exposing 
the two minute anal styles ; it is rugose, with impressed 
longitudinal lines. The operculum extends slightly beyond 
the extremity of the ninth dorsal segment. The legs are 
moderately long and slender ; the anterior have the femora 
and tibise irregularly and obtusely lobed, the lobes small, 
the terminal lobe of the tibije being larger and angulated ; 
the middle femora are thicker and armed with three large 
acute lobes; the hind femora simple; the four posterior 
tibiae have a small lobe near the base on the inner edge. 

Another specimen in the National Collection has the 
lobes and spines of the legs less strongly developed. 

Plate VI. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
head seen sideways. 4 b. The three terminal segments of 
the abdomen seen sideways. 4 c. The extremity of the ab- 
domen seen from above. 



23. (121.) Lonchodes Fertiloides, Westw. 
Plate VI. fig. 5. 
Elongatus, subgracilis, fuscus, opacus, parte antica cum 
pedibus pallidioribus ; capite magno, valde convexo, in- 
ermi; pedibus longis, subgracilibus, valde serratis, rufo- 
brunneo nebulosis ; femoribus 4 posticis apice subtus spina 
majori armatis ; operculo elongato, apice subtruncato ; 



46 



CATALOGUE OP ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



tarsorum compressiorum anticorum articulo basali prselongo 
(fcem.). 

Long. corp. unc. 6f ; cap. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 3 ; me- 
soth. lin. 18 ; metath. lin. 12 ; abdom. lin. 38 + lin. 5i + 
operc. lin. li=lin. 45. 

Hah. Philippine Islands ; Java C^''- Horsfield). Coll. 
East India House. B.M. 

Long, moderately slender, subcylindrical, smooth, brown, 
opake ; the anterior part of the body pale huffish-brown ; 
the legs pale whitish-brown, clouded with reddish-brown. 
The head is large and very convex, without horns or spines ; 
(the antennse are mutilated, in the specimen in the Bri- 
tish Museum, beyond the fourth or fifth joint ; the basal 
joint is however very small ;) the mesothorax is very long, 
smooth, nearly cylindrical, rather dilated behind ; the meta- 
thorax is sjmilar, but much shorter. The abdominal seg- 
ments are simple, subcylindric, the middle one rather the 
widest ; the three terminal segments short ; the ninth 
slightly produced in the middle of the hind margin, the 
sides exposing the short anal styles. The operculum is 
long, elbowed in the middle, extending considerably beyond 
the extremity of the ninth dorsal segment ; its extremity 
broad and roundly truncated. The legs are long (espe- 
cially the fore pair) and strong, strongly serrated along the 
angles (the fore legs being less so than the four hind ones) ; 
the fore tarsi with the basal joint long and compressed ; 
the four hind femora with a strong spine on the under side 
near the tips ; the tibise of all the legs slightly dilated at 
the tips, and the basal joint of the tarsi moderately elon- 
gated. 

Plate VI. Fig. .5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
three terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 
6 b. The head seen sideways. 

Obs. A specimen in the Cabinet of the East India House, 
collected by Dr. Horsfield in Java, has the following pro- 
portions : — Head, '6\ lines ; anten. 15 ; proth. 2f ; mesoth. 
13; metath. 9 ; six basal segments of abdomen, 25 ; three 
terminal segments of abdomen, 7 ; fore legs — femur 1 7, 
tibia 19, tarsus /i ; middle legs — femur 13, tibia 13, tarsus 
6 ; hind leg — femur 15, tibia 171, tarsus Ci. 

24. (122.) Lonchodes vii-gexis, TJ'estw. 

Mas. Brunneo-fuscus ; tibiis anticis pallide fasciatis ; eor- 
pore gracillimo, Isevissimo ; femoribus omnibus spinosis, 
tibiis anticis valde elongatis baud spinulosis, 4 posticis spi- 
nulis minutis armatis, intermediis spinula majori marginis 
superi prope basin ; abdominis segmento 7mo iucrassato, 
ultimo fisso. 

Long. Corp. maris unc. 6. 



Focm. Luteo-fusca (viva viridis ?) ; caplte ovali, macula 
nigra verticis postice furcata ; pronoto fusco vittato ; cor- 
pore omni kcvi ; femoribus omnibus spinosis, tibiis anticis 
valde elongatis, fere inermibus, 4 posticis spinulosis ; inter- 
mediis spinula unica basin versus marginis superi paullo 
majori, tarsis omnibus articulo basali elongato, compresso ; 
operculo valde elongato, angusto, na^iculari. 

Long. Corp. foem. imc. 10^. 

Mas. Bacteria virgea, IVestwood, Cab. Orient, p. C6. pi. 32. 

f. 2. 
FcEm. Bacteria sarmentosa, Westwood, Cab. Orient. Ent. 

p. 05. pi. 32. f. 1. 

Hab. In Sylhet. In Mus. Westwood, &c. B.M. 

Although represented in the work above referred to as 
two distinct species, I feel now quite satisfied that these 
two insects are the opposite sexes of one and the same 
species. 

25. (123.) Lonchodes Niponensis. 

Viridis ; capite convexo, inter oculos bis])inuloso ; femo- 
ribus mediis et posticis apice bilaraellaribus, lamellis biden- 
ticulatis. 

Mas. Tarsorum auteriorum et posticorum articulo Imo 
cseteris longiore ; niediorum articulo Imo Cfeteris seqnali ; 
femoribus et tibiis tetragonis ; abdominis apice dilatato ; 
vagina apice emarginata. 

Long. Corp. 3" 2'" ; mesoth. 9i"' ; metath. T" ; ped. 
ant. 2" 1'" ; ped. med. 1" 7'" ; ped. post. 2". 

Foemina. Tarsorum anteriorum articulo Imo cseteris lon- 
giore ; mediorum et posticorum Imo cseteris aequali ; femo- 
ribus et tibiis anticis extus planis, intus bicostatis, mediis 
et posticis compressis ; abdominis articulo 6to subtus apice 
gibboso ; vagina carinata, apice incurvata, cymbiformi. 

Long. corp. 3" 9'" ; mesoth. 10'"; metath. 8'" ; ped. 
ant. 2" 1'" ; ped. med. 1" 6'" ; ped. post. 1" 11'". 

Phasma (Bacteria) Niponense, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 
p. 134. 
Hab. Japonia. 



26. (124.) Loncliodes Confucius, Westw. 
Plate VII. fig. 2, male ; fig. 3, female. 
Subelongatus, subcylindricus, pallide virescens, medio 
corporis fuscescenti ; Isevis, mesonoto crebre granulato ; 
femoribus omnibus ante apicem subtus spina composita 
armatis ; segmento ultimo abdominali maris postice elon- 
gato, attenuato et profunde bifido ; pedibus brevioribus 
(mas et fcem.). 

Long. corp. maris unc. 3 ; anten. unc. 2 ; proth. lin. \\ ; 



PHASMIDiE. PRISOMERA. 



47 



mesoth. lin. 7 ; metath. liu. 6 ; abdoin. liu. 15 + lin. 5 = 
lin. 20. 

Loug. Corp. foem. unc. 3| ; anten. uiic. 1 J ; proth. liu. 2 ; 
mesoth. liu. 8 ; metath. lin. Gi ; abdom. liu. 18 + lin. 5 = 
lin. 23. 

Hah. In China. 

Moderately elongated, subeylindrical, smooth, except the 
mesonotuni, which is finely granulated ; pale green, with 
the middle of the body browner ; the head and prouotum 
with a fine impressed central longitudinal line, and the 
remainder of the body with a fine raised line down the 
back. The anteuuse are moderately long and slender. The 
head and thoracic segments are unarmed. The abdomen of 
the male nearly cylindrical, the three terminal segments 
forming an elongated oval mass, pointed at its extremity, 
formed of the terminal segment, which is deeply cleft nearly 
to the base, and armed beneath with the two curved anal 
styles, which are not visible from above ; the three term- 
inal ventral segments short, the last swollen at its base, 
and scarcely reaching beyond the base of the ninth dorsal 
segment. The abdomen of the female is gradually attenu- 
ated to the tip, the eighth and ninth segments being short, 
the ninth emarginate, exposing a short semicircular lobe 
(having the appearance of a tenth segment), with two anal 
styles ; the operculum is boat-shaped, swollen beyond the 
middle, and not reaching beyond the extremity of the ninth 
dorsal segment ; the legs are rather short, and all the fe- 
mora on the under side are armed with a small spined lobe 
or compound spine on the under side. 

Plate VII. Fig. 2. The male, of the natm-al size. 2 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen from the side. 

Fig. 3. The female, of the natm-al size. 3 a. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen from the side. 



Genus 7. PRISOMERA. 
Prisomera, G. R. Gray. 

Head small, subquadrate. Autennje long, setaceous. 
Thorax scabrous, sometimes spined, nearly as long as the 
abdomen, cylindrical. Abdomen rather short, cylindrical. 
Legs short, furnished with dentated perfoliated lobes. 

1. (12,5.) Prisomera femoratuin. 

Apterum, magnum, elongatum, lineare, teres, fuscum ; 
capite subrotundo ; antennis brevibus, oculis promiuulis ; 
pedibus mediocribus, foliato-compressis ; tibiis duabus an- 
ticis multo latioribus, femoribus intermediis supra bilo- 
batis ; oviductu ensiformi, reflexo, dentato. 

Long. Corp. circ. unc. 5. 



Phasma femorata (Le Spectre aux pattes feuilles), StoU, 
Si^ectr. pi. 14. f. 5 4. 

G. R. Gray, Sijii. Phasm. p. 15 (Prisomera f.). 
Phasma latipes, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. p. U. 
Mantis foliopeda, Oliv. Enc. Meth. vii. p. (i38. 
Bacteria femorata, ficm., Bvrm. Ildiidb. d.Eiit. ii.2.p.565. 
Be Ilaan, Orth. Orient, p. 134. 
Hub. In Amboina. Mus. Ilolthuys. 



2. (12G.) Prisomera spinicolle. 

Brunneo-nigrum ; capite cornibus duobus auriformibus 
spinisque armato ; thorace scabro ; mesothorace (J-, meta- 
thorace 2-spinosis, spiuis longis, acutis ; abdomine subbrevi, 
scabro ; pedibus longis, femoribus 4 posticis juxta basin 
late dentato-perfoliatis ; tibiis foliato-compressis, tarsorum 
anticorum articulo basali compresso (foem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. 4" 4'" ; anten. 2" 5'" ; cap. lin. 2\ ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 12; metath. lin. 10; abdom. 
lin. 22 + lin. 5=lin. 27. 
Prisomera spinicollis, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. IG. 

Hab. Ceylon. B.M. 

The typical specimen of this species is preserved in the 
National Collection ; it is a female, and is remarkable for 
the large foliated and dentated lobes near the base of the 
four strongly curved posterior femora ; the six strong spines 
on the mesothorax and the two on the metathorax are not 
arranged symmetrically in pairs. The three terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen are rather short, nearly equal, the 
terminal one with its apical angles produced ; the oper- 
culum extends a little distance beyond the extremity of the 
abdomen ; the anterior tarsi have the basal joint compressed 
and elevated, the tibise being compressed at their extre- 
mity ; the four posterior tibise are compressed from the 
base to the middle, and the tarsi are simple. 

Burmeister suggests that this insect (with which, how- 
ever, he was only acquainted from the description in the 
' Synopsis of Phasmidee ') may be the male of his Bacteria 
acanthopits. The insect before us, however, is itself a 
female ; and the male of Burmeister's species, according to 
De Haan, is winged. 

3. (127.) Prisomera bifoliatum. 
"Fcem. \uOu^\t\.\(\o Acauth. pei-foUati B. Corpore grauu- 
lato ; capite inter oculos transversim acuto-carinato ; anten- 
nis pedibusque tomentosis ; pedibus anticis margine superiori 
crenulatis ; femoribus extus convexis, tibiis supra foliolis 
tribus 2-denticulatis, tarsorum articulo ) ° cristato ; femo- 
ribus mediis lobo eroso, infra marginatis, dentibus 4 subpro- 
mineutibus ; tibiis mediis infra medium infra lobo dilatato 



48 



CATAl.OGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



integro et supra foliis spiniformibus 2 acutis ; pedibus pos- 
ticis subiutegris, tibiis basi infra lobo minimo supra deu- 
ticulis 2 auctis ; metathorace, abdominis articulo 1" et 6° 
apice supra unilobato ; vagina apice truucato, insequali." 

Lat. Corp. 2'". Long. corp. 3" 3'" ; mesoth. 9i"' ; me- 
tath. 5'" ; ped. ant. 2" 2'" ; ped. med. 1" 8'" ; ped. post. 
'>" 3'". 

Phasma (Acanthoderus) bifoliatum, De Ilaan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 136. pi. 14. f. 2. 

Hab. In Sumatra. 

Obs. A specimen, which I cannot distinguish from M. 
De Haan's insect, is iu the British Museum Collection from 
Western Africa. It will be a remarkable circumstance if 
it should be proved that this species has so wide a geogra- 
phical range. 

4.(128.) Prisomera verrucosum. 

Foem. Corpore rugoso ; capite pone oculos convexo, 
parte auteriore truncata, coucava, bicristata ; cristis inte- 
gris ; mesothorace verrucis 5 subfragaeformibus alteruan- 
tibus, inter pedes medios transversim carinato ; abdominis 
articulo 1 mo et 2do medio biverrucoso ; articulo 3°, 4°, 7°, 
8" apice medio supra unilobato, lobo articuli 4ti producto 
concavo ohtuso, lobis posterioribus verrucceformibus; vagina 
versus apicem arcuata, medio carinata, apice rotundata ; 
femoribus anticis extus convexis, ante apicem infra unilo- 
batis ; tibiis lato-marginatis, margine eroso, tarsorum arti- 
culo 1° dilatato ; femoribus mediis supra lobo foliaceo 
margine eroso, antrorsum iucurvato, infra versus apicem 
foliis 2 auctis ; tibiis mediis incurvatis ; supra lobis 2 
erosis ; pedibus posticis integris, femoribus apice infra bi- 
denticulatis. 

Long. Corp. 3" 1'" ; mesoth. 9'" ; metath. 7-i^"' ; ped. 
ant. 1" 3"' ; ped. med. 1" 1'" ; ped. post. 1" 4'". 

Phasma (Acanthoderus) verrucosum, l)e Ilaatt, Orlhopt. 
Orient, p. 136. pi. 14. f. 1, focm. 
Hub. In Sumatra. 



Genus 8. ACANTHODERUS. 

Acanthoderus, G. R. Gray. 
Rhaphiderus, Serrille. 
Phasma, p., Dumh-il. 
Bacteria, p., Percheron. 
Cyphocrania, p., Brulle. 

Body scabrous. Head small, subqiiadrate. Antennae 
moderately long, setaceous, with the second joint much 
shorter than the third. Thorax cylindrical, shorter than 
the abdomen, spinose. Mctathorax nearly as long as the 



mesothorax. Abdomen rather short, cylindrical. Legs 
moderately long, more or less spined, or furnished with fo- 
liaceous lobes. Tarsi with the basal joint shorter than the 
two following. 



1. (129.) Acanthoderus spinosus. 

Thorace supra et infra, abdominis articulo primo pedi- 
busque fortiter spinosis ; mas filiformis, flavescenti-bruu- 
neus, linea in medio nigra ; foemina cylindrica, albida, linea 
dorsali renea. 

Long. Corp. maris 3" 6'" ; focm. 4" 3'" ; capit. 2^'" ; 
proth. 2\"' ; mesoth. 9"' ; metath. 8^'" ; abdom. 2" 4'". 

Caput inerme, longitudine prothoracis ; segmentum pri- 
mum abdominis supra spinis 2,2 ; segmenta reliqua iuermia, 
sensim atteuuata ; operculum oviductus ad medium seg- 
menti ultimi extensum. 

Acanthoderus spinosus, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 14. 
Phasma (Bacteria) spiuosum, G. R. Gray in Trans. Ent. 

Soc. i. p. 46 (nee Bacteria spinosa, G. R. Gray, Syn. 

Phasm. p. 43). 

Hab. In Nova Hollandia (Swan River). Mus. Hope. 



2. (130.) Acanthoderus spiniger. 
Elongatus, gracilis, cylindricus, scaber ; capite inter oculos 
bitumido ; antennarum articulis apice nigris ; mesothorace 
spinis circiter 18 validis supra et subtus armatis ; meta- 
thorace supra spinis 3, subtus 8 ; abdominis segmento Imo 
subtus spinis duabus ; pedibus quatuor posticis, femoribus 
prope apicem bispinosis ; tibiis prope basin lobo parvo trian- 
gulari instructis (mas). 

Acanthoderus spiuiger. White, Voy. Erebus ^- Terror, Ins. 
p. 24. 
Hab. New Zealand ? {Br. Sinclair, R.N.) B.M. 

" Head greenish-grey, with a broadish protuberance be- 
tween the eyes, divided longitudinally in the middle ; ver- 
tex smooth ; antenuse greyish, with the third and follow- 
ing joints black at the tip (ouly fourteen joints remain, of 
which the terminal ones are long) ; prothorax greenish-grey, 
smooth ; mesothorax narrow, green, cylindrical, with about 
eighteen strong spines, placed somewhat iu pairs, nine on 
the upper and uiue on the under side, brownish-black at 
the end ; mctathorax green, narrow, cylindrical, \^ith three 
spines above and eight below ; abdomen subcyliudrical, 
the joints thickened, first segment with two spines in the 
middle on the under side ; fore legs (broken off) ; two hind 
pairs greyish, with six wide brown bands ; femora white at 
the base, with two short spines at the very end, and two 



PHASMID.E. ACANTIIODERUS. 



49 



longer on the inside near the tip ; tibiae with a slight tooth 
on the outside near the base ; tarsi slender." 

Long. Corp. unc. 3, lin. 7 ; cap. lin. 2 ; protli. lin. li ; 
mesoth. lin. 10; metath. lin. 8| ; abdom. lin. ll) + liu. 3 
= liu. 22. 

The unique specimen of the male in the British Museum 
Collection has the seventh segment of the abdomen very 
much but gradually dilated, with five raised longitudinal 
lines ; the eighth is gradually narrowed, constricted beyond 
the middle ; the ninth is rounded at the sides, the extre- 
mity straight, but with the outer lateral angles deflexed 
and produced into four acute spines, the tips of which over- 
lap the opposite spines ; the two anal styles broad, deflexed ; 
the three terminal ventral segments extend to the middle 
of the eighth dorsal segment, the ninth being swollen at 
the base. 

3. (131.) Acanthoderus horridus. 

Elongatus, gracilis ; capite inter oculos bispinoso ; pro- 
thorace leviter tuberculato ; meso- et metathorace longis 
spinosissimis ; abdomine supra parum spinoso-tuberculato ; 
femoribus anticis denticulatis, posticis 4 infra versus apicem, 
denticulatis, tibiis extus prope basin lobatis, tarsorumque 
articulo basali cristato. 

Long. Corp. unc. 5, lin. 9 ; cap. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 10 ; 
mesoth. lin. 12; abdom. Un. 30-|-lin. 6=lin. 30. 

Acanthoderus horridus. White in Zool. of Fotj. Erebus ^- 
Terror, Ins. p. 24. pi. 5. f. 4. 
Hah. In Nova Zealandia. B.M. 

Head grey ; a slight ridge with four sinuations behind 
the antennae and between the eyes ; two spines and two or 
three tubercles on the vertex. Prothorax grey, with several 
small irregular conical tubercles ; meso- and metathorax 
brown, with many longish spines, especially on the sides 
and under parts ; there are several tubercles on the upper 
parts. Abdomen on the under side with spines shorter 
than those on the thorax ; the upper parts with several 
subspiniform tubercles ; fourth and sixth segments dilated 
on the sides at the end ; coxte of the fore legs with four or 
five spines ; coxae of the middle and hind legs with two 
spines ; femora sharply angled, some of the angles with a 
few teeth, a crested dilatation at the base of the tibiae of 
the two hind pairs ; basal joints of the tarsi of two hind 
pairs of legs crested, with a notch at the ends. 

4. (132.) Acanthoderus prasinus, Jf'estw. 
Plate IIL fig. 2. 
Elongatus, antice et postice atteuuatus, viridi-luteus, sub- 



glaber ; capite et mesothorace supra spinosis ; abdomine 
foliolis duobus ovalibus terminato ; operculo cynibiformi, 
vix apicem abdominis attingente ; pedibus crassioribus ; 
femoribus basi roseis, anticis extus parce spinulosis, quatuor 
posticis versus basin et apicem spinosis (frem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3, lin. 7 ; anten. lin. 9 ; cap. lin. 3 ; 
proth. hn. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 7-j ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. 
lin. 17 + lin. G = lin. 23. 

Hah. In Nova Zealandia (^Captain Grey). B.M. 

Luteous-green (probably vivid green whilst living), rather 
polished. The head considerably larger and wider than 
the prothorax, oval, with a number of small spines on the 
crown arranged symmetrically. The antennae rather short, 
brown, with the broad basal and the second joint fulvous. 
The prothorax is entire ; the mesothorax graduallv dilated 
from the fore margin to the middle, behind which the sides 
are parallel ; the upper surface is armed with a number of 
small spines placed irregularly ; the metathorax is slightly 
wider than the mesothorax, being rather swollen in the 
middle on each side and in front of the base of the hind 
feet ; its upper surface bears a few small erect spines ; the 
hinder margin, as well as that of the basal segments of the 
abdomen, being slightly margined. The abdominal seg- 
ments are gradually narrowed from the base to the extre- 
mity, which is furnished with two large oval foUolets ; 
the sixth segment is constricted in the middle, with its 
hinder angles prominent. The fore legs moderately long ; 
the femora bent at the base, and armed with several spines 
on the upper edge, the tibiae simple ; the four hind femora 
thickened and angulated, with a spine near the base of the 
upper edge ; the under edge vrith several spines, those near 
the extremity being largest ; the tibiae rather dilated, with 
a small spine near the base. The operculum has a small 
spine at its base, and extends to the middle of the ninth 
dorsal segment. The meso- and metasternum and abdominal 
segments beneath are armed with a fewvery small tuber- 
cles. 

Plate IIL Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
head and thorax seen siJewajs. 2 b. The terminal segments 
of the abdomen seen sideways. 

5. (133.) Acanthoderus lacertinus, JVestw. 
Apterus, subcylindricus, fuscus, opacus, rugosus et spi- 
nosus, corpore in medio parum latiore ; capite ovali, vertice 
spinuloso, spinis 8 majoribus in ovalem dispositis ; pro- 
thorace spiuulis duabus versus marginem posticum ; meso- 
thoracis lateribus et disco irregulariter spinosis, spinis dua- 
bus approximatis versus marginem posticum ; metathorace 
spinuhs lateralibus duabusque inediis ; abdomine scabro, 



50 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



siiigulo segmento tuberculis duobus majoribus versus mar- 
ginem posticuni, segmento 6to coutracto, oviductu subtus 
dilatato et carinato ; pedibus anticis elougatis, inermibus, 
intermediis brevioribus ; femoribus crassioribus spinis dila- 
tatis ; femoribus postieis spinis minoribus armatis, tarsorura 
intermediorum articulo basali brevi, in postieis pedibus 
magis elongato (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3f ; cap. lin. 3i ; proth. lin. 2^ ; me- 
sotb. lin. 11 ; metath. lin. 6^; abdom. lin. 18 + lin. 1)^= 
lin. 23i. 

Phasma (Acanthoderus) lacertiuum, TJ'estivood, Cab. Orient. 
Ent. p. 80. pi. 39. f. C. 
Hab. Assam {Major Jenkins). Mus. Westwood. B.M. 



6. (134.) Acanthoderus bicoronatus, Westuo. 

Fuscus, spinis compositis, duplici serie per totum cor- 
])us extensa valde armatus ; capitis vertice medioque me- 
sonoti corona spinarum instructis ; abdominis segmentis 
duobus ultimis cristatis ; femoribus tibiisque lobis numerosis 
acutis armatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 21 ; proth. 
lin. \\ ; mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 2 ; abdom. lin. 9 + 
lin. 5=liu. 14. 

Phasma (Acanthodera) bicoronata, Westw. Cab. Orient. 
Ent. p. 15. pi. 7. f. 2. 
Hah. In Himalaya. Mus. Westw. 



7. (135.) Acanthoderus semiarmatus, Westw. 

Apterus, luteo-fuscus, squalidus, subgranulosus ; capita 
spinis duabus inter oculos ; abdomine basi lato sensim ad 
apicem attenuato ; metanoto et abdominis segmentis 4 ba- 
salibus spina reflexa acuta in medio marginis postici ; fe- 
moribus omnibus lobis parvis angulatis instructis, tibiis 
extus parce serratis (foem.). 

Long. corp. unc. 2 ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 1| ; mesoth. 
lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 2| ; abdom. lin. 9-|-lin. 3=lin. 12. 

Phasma (Acanthodera) semiarmata, Westw. Cab. Orient 
Ent. p. 15. pi. 7. f. I. 
Hab. In Himalaya. Mus. Westwood. 



8. (13G.) Acanthoderus Japonicus. 
Foemina. Corpore granulato, prothoracis et mesotho- 
racis margine antico, uti et metathorace medio bispinoso ; 
mesothorace ceterum modo 4-, margine postico bispinoso, 
lateribus uti et mesothorace spinuloso ; antennis pedibusque 
pubescentibus ; femoribus anticis extus convexis, mediis et 



postieis tetragouis ; abdominis articulo pcnultimo dorso 
apice prominente ; vagina carinata, recta. 

Long. corp. 2" 7'" ; mesoth. 7-j'" ; metath. 4"' ; ped. 
ant. 1" 5V"; ped. mad. 1" 3'"; ped. post. 1" 9i"'. 

Phasma (Acanthoderus) Japonicum, Be Haan, Orthopt. 
Orient, p. 135. pi. 12. f. 4, foem. 

Hab. Japonia. 



9. (137.) Acanthoderus Phyllopus. 

Foemina. Corpore longitudine A. cornuti, rugoso ; capita 
inter oculos transversim carinato ; antennis pedibusque to- 
mantosis ; femoribus anticis convexis, margine superiore 
denticulatis ; tibiis anticis apice subdilatatis, margine supe- 
riore eroso biphyllo, tarsorum anticorum articulo Imo cari- 
nato ; femoribus mediis supra lobo foliaceo majore dentato, 
et duobus minoribus integris ; tibiis mediis supra lobis tri- 
bus et infra prope basin unico minore auctis ; pedibus 
postieis margine superiore denticulato ; abdominis articulo 
6to infra apice nnituberculato ; vagina apice incurvata, ob- 
liqua, spinis brevibus foliaceis aucta. 

Lat. corp. 2^'" ; long. corp. 2" 6'" ; mesoth. 7'" ; me- 
tath. 4'" ; ped. ant. 1" 6^'" ; ped. med. 1" 3"' ; ped. post. 
1" 10'". 

Phasma (Acanthoderus) Phyllopus, Be Haan, Orthopt. 
Orient, p. 135. pi. 12. f. 5, foem. 
Hab. In Insula Java. 



10. (138.) Acanthoderus Noli me tangere. 

Brevis ; capite bis bispiuoso, spinis posterioribus duabus 
minutis ; mesothorace spinis 2 anticis et 4 postieis validis 
acutis ; metathorace 4-spinoso, spinis majoribus ; abdominis 
articulo Imo medio bispinoso. 

Mas. Corpore angusto, spinis corporis acutioribus ; ab- 
dominis articulo 2do medio unispinuloso (apex deest) ; fe- 
moribus mediis et postieis apica bispinulosis. 

Long. corp. 1"3"'; mesoth. 3i'" ; metath. 2^'"; ped. 
ant. 1". 

Foemina. Corpora bis latiora, spinis corporis basi latiori- 
bus spinulosis ; abdominis articulo 2do medio bispinoso ; 
artieulis tribus basalibus utrinque unispinulosis, articulo 
8vo dorso medio carinato, 9° apice truncato ; vagina incur- 
vata, apiee limbata ; femoribus mediis et postieis infra ultra 
medium 4-spinulosis, supra infra medium 1-spinulosis. 

Phasma (Acanthoderus) Noli me tangere. Be Haan, Orth. 
Orient, p. 135. pi. 14. f. 6 mas, f. 7 foem. 
Hab. Pontianak ; Borneo {Wallace). B.M. 



PHASMID.E. ACANTIIODERUS. 



51 



11. (139.) Acanthoderus coronatiis. 

Corpore fusco, spinoso ; capite conico, inargine utrinque 
6-spinoso ; protliorace angulis extremis acutis, serie duplici 
spinulosa media ; mesothorace medio et lateribus carinato, 
carina media basi et apice bispinosa, angulis externis spi- 
nosis, metathorace bis uti et abdominis articulis 7 anterio- 
ribus medio semel bispinulosis ; lateribus spina simplice ar- 
matis ; articulo 8vo medio carinato, lateribus dilatato ; fe- 
moribus et tibiis tetragonis, angulo superiore 4-spinuloso. 

Mas. Corpore lineari, articulo 9° lobis 2 obtusis termi- 
nato ; vagina versus apicem gibbosa, apice margiuata. 

Lat. Corp. 2^'" ; long. corp. 2" ; mesoth. 6'" ; metatli. 
4'" ; ped. ant. 11*"' ; ped. med. 9'". 

Foemina. Antennis 5"' longis, 27-articulatis ; corpore la- 
tiore, spinis mediis brevioribus, articulo 9° lobis duobus 
acutis terminato ; vagina subrecta, convexa, carina media 
obtusa. 

Lat. Corp. 3^-4i"' ; long. corp. 2"; mesoth. 5^'" ; me- 
tath. 3|"' ; ped. ant. et post. 13"' ; ped. med. 1". 

Phasma (Pacliymorpha) coronatum, Ve Haan, Orthopt. 
Orierit. p. 137. pi. 14. f. 4 mas, f. .5 fccm. 
nah. In Java, Amboina ; Movweo (IJ'aU ace). B.M. 

12. (140.) Acanthodenis Bufo, JJ'estw. 
Plate II. fig. (i. 

Aptcrus, fuscus, corpore in medio (prsesertim metatbo- 
race) dilatato, granulato et spinoso ; capite postice spinis 4, 
pronoto 6, duabus intermediis majoribus ; mesothoracis 
lateribus spinosis, dorsoque spinis 2 ad marginem anticum, 
4 aliis ante medium cum duabus majoribus elevatis versus 
marginem posticum ; metathorace spinis 2 in medio alteris- 
que 2 approximatis versus marginem posticum ; abdominis 
segmentibus basalibus spinis duabus distantibus prope 
basin alterisque 2 approximatis versus marginem posticum ; 
segmentis posticis tuberculo elevato longitudinali ad mar- 
ginem posticum ; oviductu elongato, contracto ; pedibus 
spinosis. 

Long. corp. fojm. adult, unc. 4 ; cap. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 3^ ; 
mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. Ki + lin. C|^-i- 
lob. apic. lin. 3=lin. 2.5|. 

Phasma (Acanthoderus) Bufo, Westwood, Cah. Orient. Ent. 

p. 77. pi. 38. f. 3. 

Uah. In lusulis Philippinensibus (i*. Cumitiy). IMus. 
Westwood. B.M. 

I am induced to consider the insect represented in PI. II. 
f. 6 as a half-grown female rather than a full-grown male of 
this species. Like the fully-developed female (of which the 
figure in my ' Oriental Entomology ' gives a representation), 
the specimen has the exserted style at the extremity of the 



body resembling a tenth joint ; but the operculum does not 
extend beyond the extremity of the ninth joint, leaving ex- 
posed at the sides the inner appendages of the organs of 
generation. The operculum also is not 3-jointed as in the 
males, altho\igh it exhibits two transverse impressions. 
The specimen is from the Philippine Islands, and is in the 
British Museum Collection. 

Plate II. Fip;. 6. The insect, of the natural size. G a. The 
bend, pro-, meso-, and anterior part of the metathorax seen 
sideways. 6 b. The terminal segments of the abdomen 
seen sideways. 6 c. The same seen from beneath. 

13. (141.) Acanthodenis Mesoplatus, JVestw. 
Apterus, fuscus, granulosus et spinosus ; mesothorace 

postice cum metathorace dilatato ; capite postice spinis 8, 
lateralibus majoribus ; prothorace spinis 2, mesothorace 8, 
2 anticis, 2 ante medium, 4 posticis (2 lateralibus) ; meta- 
thorace spinis 2 magnis pone medium lateribusque ante 
pedes posticos spinosis ; segmentis basalibus Abdominis 
6- spinosis, spinis 2 anticis majoribus ; segmentis posticis 
sensim dUatatis, tuberculo longitudinali ad marginem posti- 
cum instructis ; pedibus spinosis (mas). 

Long. corp. maris imc. 2^^ ; cap. lin. 2; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. G ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 9 -f- lin. 3^ = 
lin. 12|. 

Phasma (Acanthoderus) Mesoplaturo, TTesfw. Cab. Orient. 
Ent. p. 77. pi. 38. f. 4. 
Hab. In Insulis Philippinensibus (Z>. Cuming). B.M. 

14. (142.) Acanthoderus draconinus, Westw. 
Apterus, fuscus, spinis magnis lateralibus horridus ; cor- 
pore in medio parum dilatato ; capite supra postice spinis 
circiter 10 armato, lateralibus majoribus ; prothorace supra 
utrinque tuberculo piano elevato spinoso armato, meso- 
thorace etiam supra versus marginem anticum, utrinque 
tuberculo lato spinoso et dentato, postice convergenti, ar- 
mato ; prope marginem posticum etiam tuberculo minori 
e spinis duabus conjunctis armato ; tuberculo simili in 
medio metathoracis ; segmentis basalibus abdominis utrin- 
que spina porrecta medioque unica minori armatis ; seg- 
mentis posticis sensim angustioribus, aualibus tuberculatis ; 
pedibus spinosis. 

Long. corp. maris unc. H ; foem. 2^ ; hujuscap. lin. 2^ ; 
anten. lin. 9 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 4|- ; metath. lin. 4 ; 
abdom. lin. 9-|-lin. .) = lin. 14. 

Phasma (Pacliymorpha) draconinum, Westw. Cab. Orient. 

Ent. p. 78. pi. S^. f. 5. 

Hab. In Insults Philippinensibus (D. Cuming). Mus. 
Westwood. B.M. 



52 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



15. (143.) Acanthoderus Gecko, Westw. 
Plate XXVI. fig. C, male ; fig. ", female. 

Fuscus, opacus, ferrugineo-grauulosus et s])inosus ; cor- 
pore maris minus granuloso ; capita brevi-spinoso ; pro- 
thorace carinis duabus convergentibus granulatis spinis- 
que duabus validis autice iustructo ; mesotborace spinoso, 
spinis duabus maximis divergentibus ante medium, duabus 
miuoribus erectis pone medium approximatis alterisque 
duabus lateralibus ; metathorace utrinque prope medium 
duabus validis poirectis ; abdomine maris sublaevi, focmiufe 
granulate ; pedibus mediocribus, femoribus spiuosis (mas 
et foem.). 

Long. corp. maris lin. 18 ; capit. lin. 2 ; protb. lin. 2; 
mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 2| ; abdom. lin. Ci + lin. 2 = 
lin. 8i. 

Long. Corp. foem. lin. 2/ ; capit. lin. 2^ ; proth. lin. 2^; 
mesoth. liu. .51 ; metath. Un. 3 ; abdom. lin. 9 + lin. 5 = 
liu. 14. 

Ilab. Sarawak, Borneo (-D.//a//rtce). Mus. Saunders & 

B.M. 

This species is well distinguished by the two large com- 
pound spines on the prothorax, and by the large triangular 
strongly spined space on each side of the anterior part of 
the mesothorax. The general colour is brownish- black in 
the male, with the spines and central line down the thorax 
ferruginous. The female is ferruginous brown, with the 
abdomen darker coloured, the spines and small tubercles 
being more ferruginous. The male has the body much 
less rugose, but with the spines more acute ; the female is 
covered with small granules, and the mesothorax has the 
triangular lobe on each side more dilated, flattened, and 
spined than in the male. The bead is nearly square, with 
two strong spines ou the crown behind the middle, with 
several smaller tubercular spines. The anterior lateral 
angles of the prothorax are spiracular, surmounted by a 
small spine ; the disc on each side is armed with a strong, 
obliquely erect, bifid spine, each followed, in the female, by 
a row of small tuberculiform spines. The mesothorax has 
a transverse row of small spines across the base ; the flanks 
are armed with a row of about six small spines ; the disc in 
the male is armed on each side near the front with a strono- 
spine, beyond the middle with a pair of erect approxima- 
ting spines, and another pair above the insertion of the 
middle leg. Along the middle both of the meso- and meta- 
thorax runs a slender, slightly elevated, ferruginous line ; 
the flanks of the metathorax are also spined, and the disc of 
the anterior portion is armed with a pair of strong, obliquely 
erect spines. In the female the spines become more com- 
pound, the anterior pair of the mesothorax being united to- 



gether, and to the two middle spines, by a raised transverse 
lozenge-shaped space, with the edges serrated ; the dis- 
coidal carina is furnished with two rows of small tubercles. 
The thorax beneath is unarmed. The abdomen is consi- 
derably narrower than the metathorax ; the segments are 
nearly square in the male and very finely rugose, but trans- 
verse in the female and finely granular, with a transverse 
ridge of tubercles near the hind margin. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen in the male are but little swollen ; 
the terminal dorsal segment slightly emarginate in the 
middle, and the last ventral segment rounded at its extre- 
mity ; the terminal dorsal segment in the female is cari- 
nated, with an impressed line rumiing down the middle of 
the carina ; the operculum large, but not extending beyond 
the extremity of the abdomen. The legs are moderately 
long in the male, shorter and stronger in the female ; the 
femora, especially in the latter, are armed with small spines 
on the upper edges ; the under edge in the four posterior 
femora armed with two spines towards the tip ; the tibiae 
are rugose rather than spined ; the tarsi are short, with 
the basal joint small. 

Plate XXVI. Fig. 6. The male, of the natural size. 6 a. 
The head and prothorax seen sideways. 6 b. The termi- 
nal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Fig. 7. The female, of the natural size. 7 a- The head, protho- 
rax and mesothorax seen sideways. 7 b. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



16.(144.) Acanthoderus deplanatus, TT'esfw. 

Apterus, planus, tborace e capite ad pedes posticos sensim 
dilatato ; ferrugineo- fuscus, opacus, granulosus ; capite pos- 
tice spinis 6 aliisque lateralibus parvis armato ; protho- 
race antice utrinque tuherculo piano spinoso armato ; me- 
sotborace antice area parum elevata utrinque angulata, 
laterihus postice convergentibus iustructo, marginibus gra- 
nulosis spinisque duabus supra pedes medios armato ; me- 
tathorace etiam spinis 4 supra pedes posticos utrinque 
armato, hoc cum mesotborace et abdomine carina media 
longitudinali parum elevata iustructo ; segmentis basalibus 
abdominis serie transversa spinarum parvarum versus mar- 
giuem posticum armatis ; pedibus brevibus, spinosis 
(foem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2J ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. lin. 3 ; 
mesoth. lin. 5^ ; metath. hn. 4 ; abdom. lin. 1 1 -|- cum lob. 
apic. lin. 5 = lin. 16. 

Phasma (Pachvmorpha) dcplanatum, TT'esfw. Cab. Orient. 
Eiit. p. 78. pi. 38. f. 6. 

Hub. In Insulis Philippinensibus (D. Cuming). B.M. 



PHASMID^. ACANTnODERUS. 



17. (145.) Acanthoderus ranarius, TFestw. 
Plate IV. fig. 3. 
Obscure fiiscus, rugosus, opacus, setulosus, dorso carina 
media longitudinali ; antennis capite vix longioribus ; tho- 
race e capite ad basin pedum posticorum sensim dilatato, 
lateribus gramilatis et ante pedes posticos acute angulatis, 
segmentis abdominis postice tuberculatis, lobo apicali (seg- 
mentum 1 Oum simulante) exserto ; pedibus brevibus, parum 
denticulato-tuberculat is (fcem . ) . 

Long. Corp. lin. 20 ; anten. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 2 ; me- 
soth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 3| ; abdom. lin. G + cum lob. 
apic. lin. 3= lin. 9. 
. Hab. In lusulis Philippinensibus. B.M. 

Allied in general form to the preceding species. Ob- 
scure brown, opake and rugose both on the ujjper and imder 
sides, finely setose. The head is rather longer than wide, 
with small tubercular spines between the eyes and on 
the hind part. The antennae are very short and 16- or 
1 7-jointed. The prothorax is about the size of the head, 
with two oblique granulated raised lines ; the hinder mar- 
gin also tuberculated. The mesothorax is gradually di- 
lated, with au elevated tuberculated ridge down the middle ; 
the lateral margins also granulated, and with lateral curved 
elevated granulated lines. The metathorax is gradually 
dilated to the front of the place of insertion of the hind 
legs, where it is strongly angulated and suddenly narrowed, 
the hinder division separated from the anterior by a curved 
impressed line. This portion of the body, as well as the 
abdomen, is marked down the middle by an elevated tu- 
bercular carina, and the hind margins of the abdominal 
segments are armed with larger tubercular spines, the 
outer posterior angles of each segment being prominent ; 
the ninth dorsal segment is much depressed and subemar- 
ginate, exposing the anal lobe resembling an extra segment. 
The operculum is swollen at the base, and scarcely extends 
to the extremity of the exposed lobe. The legs are short, 
the anterior femora curved at the base ; all the femora are 
armed with small tubercular spines. The mesosternum is flat, 
with a very fine raised central line, and a row of tubercles 
on each side, outside of which the mesosternum is angu- 
lated. The ventral segments of the abdomen are slightly 
tricarinated along the middle. 

Plate IV. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
fifth to the ninth segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

18. (146.) Acanthoderus Oileus, Westio. 
Plate XXVI. fig. 4. 
Obscurus, griseo-fuscus, luteo-variegatus, depressus ; ca- 
pitis vertice postice elevato, couico, serie antica duplici tu- 



berculoruin triangulum forraante ; antennis brevibus ; tho- 
race inermi, capite parum latiore, lateribus parallelis ; 
abdominis segmentis carina dujilici mediana, sulcisque obli- 
quis lateraUbus ; pedibus brevibus, subrugosis. 

Long. corp. unc. 1^; cap. lin. If; anten. Im. 4 ; proth. 
lin. H ; mesoth. hn. 31^ ; nietath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 5i-f 
lin. 3=lm. 8i. 

Hab. In Insula Java {Dr. Horsfeld). In Mus. Soc. 
Merc. Ind. orient. 

I have seen only one specimen of this species, which 
appears to me to be a female not arrived at its full growth. 
The head is small, with the crown elevated behind into a 
conical protuberance, rugose along its edges ; the anterior 
part of the face, with two converging rows of tubercles, 
running from the base of each antennae and meeting in the 
middle of the face between the eyes. The autennre are 
short, about 23.jointed, the basal joint robust and pris- 
matic, flat above. The jirothorax is wider than the head, 
with the anterior angles rounded ; the disc uneven, with 
two tubercles near the middle. The meso- and metatho- 
rax are of equal width throughout, and furnished with an 
elevated ridge down the middle terminating in the anterior 
margin of the mesothorax in two prominent tubercles ; tlie 
disc and sides are shghtly uneven ; the posterior division of 
the metathorax is very short, with two diverging raised 
lines in the middle. The abdomen is depressed and has 
the sides even and continuous, of nearly equal widtli 
throughout ; the terminal segment narrowed, truncated, 
and serrated at the extremity; each segment has two 
curved elevated lines in the middle, and an oblique impres- 
siou ou each side; the fifth segment is marked near its 
base in the middle with two round black spots, the eighth 
dorsal segment is elevated at its hinder extremity in the 
middle ; on the under side the body is simple and unarmed, 
with the middle of the thoracic and abdominal segments 
with a slightly raised longitudinal carina. The operculum 
is but slightly developed, nearly flat, and extending only 
to the middle of the eighth dorsal segment. The legs are 
short, rather thick, and slightly rugose ; the basal joint of 
the tarsi scarcely longer than the following joint. 

Plate XXV'I. Fig. 4. The female (immature?), of the natu- 
ral size. 4 a. The head and front of the thorax seen side- 
ways. 4 b. The terminal segments of the abdomen seen 
sideways. 

19. (147.) Acanthoderus uMa, TT'estw. 

Plate XXVI. fig. 1, female. 

Fuscus, opacus, rugosus, ferrugineo-granulatus et spi- 

nosus ; capite postice elevato, multispinoso ; antennarum 

articulo basali extus spina par va instructo ; prothorace sub- 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



quadrato, lateribus antice spina obtusa serieque duplici 
dorsali ; mesothorace postice dilatato spinisqvie duabus 
magnis compositis, alterisque duabus metathoracis sj)iua- 
que valida ante pedes posticos ; abdomine elongate, sub- 
piano, granulato ; segmcnto 8vo carina valde elevata, apice 
idtimi emarginato ; pedibus tuberculatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris lin. 19 ; cap. lin. 2-i ; proth. lin. li; 
niesoth. lin. 3i ; metath. lin. 3; abdom. lin. 6|+lin. 3= 
lin. 9i. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo (D. Wallace). In Mus. Saun- 
ders. 

Dark brown, varied with ferruginous granulations, opake, 
rugose, and strongly spined. The head is rather short, 
with the crown considerably elevated and armed with about 
five spines, varying in size on each side. The antennae are 
rather short (broken at the tips), with the basal joint flat 
above, with a spine on the outside at its extremity. The 
prothorax is rather short and square, with a strong obtuse 
spine on each side near the anterior angle, and the disk 
has two rows of small spines. The mesothorax is much 
swollen at the sides of its hinder portion ; it has two di- 
verging spines near its fore margin, and a large compound 
spine on each side behind, with a pair of corresponding 
spines in the middle of the metathoras, which is also armed 
with a pair of strong diverging spines in the middle of the 
lateral margins. The abdomen is much narrower than the 
metathorax, and is gradually narrowed from the base to the 
sixth segment ; each segment has two tubercles at each 
side near the base, and four others arranged in pairs 
near the middle of the hind margin ; the seventh and 
eighth segments have two stronger obtuse spines between 
the middle and the fore angles, the eighth being elevated 
in the middle into a strong crest ; the ninth segment is 
nearly flat, obconic-truncate, tuberculated at the sides and 
emarginate at the extremity. The operculum is small, 
slightly convex, carinated down the middle, and extends 
to the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment ; the anal 
styles are very short. The legs are short and tuberculated ; 
the femora with a small spine on the upper edge at the 
tip ; the tarsi short, with the basal joint scarcely longer 
than the following. 

Plate XXVI. Fig. 1. The female (probably not mature), of 
the natural size. 1 a. The head and front of the thorax 
seen sideways. 1 b. The terminal segments of the abdomen 
seen sideways. 

20. (148.) Acanthoderns Otys, Tl'estw. 
Plate XXVI. fig. 2, male. 
Fusco-cinereus ; capite oblongo, inter oculos 2-spinoso, 



vcrtice clevato, 4-spinoso ; antennis brevibus, 18-articulatis, 
articulo basali extus bispinoso, apicalibus attenuatis ; meso- 
et metathorace postice rotundato-dilatatis, serratis, et in 
medio tubcrculis erectis instructis ; abdomine elongate, 
gracili, segmento scptirao latiori ; angulis posticis obtuse 
porrectis ; noni apice emarginato ; pedibus brevibus, sub- 
tuberculatis (mas). 

Long. corp. lin. 17; cap. lin. 2; anten. lin. 5i ; proth. 
lin. Ij ; mesoth. lin. 3^ ; metath. lin. 2J ; abdom. lin. 6 
-f lin. 2i=lin. 8^. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo (D. Wallace). In Mus. W. W. 
Saunders. 

Entirely ashy-brown, opake, with the anterior triangu- 
lar portion of the meso- and metathorax paler. The head 
is oblong, with two strong diverging obtuse spines between 
the eyes ; the crown is elevated behind and armed with 
two pairs of erect obtuse spines. The antennae are short, 
18-jointed ; the basal joint broad and flat above the 
outer edge, with two obtuse teeth ; the five terminal joints 
are more slender than the preceding and pale luteous. The 
prothorax is subquadrate, rugose above and at the sides. 
The mesothorax is rugose in front, its hind part is roundly 
dilated (as is also the hind part of the metathorax), and 
each is armed with four obt\ise spiues ; the former has also 
two conically elevated tubercles close together in the middle 
near the hind margin, and on each side of them are two 
smaller points. The metathorax has a central conical tu- 
bercle near the hind margin of its anterior division, the 
hinder division being very short. The abdomen is narrow, 
with the sides of the second and five following segments 
nearly parallel, slightly rugose above, each segment, more- 
over, being a little swollen near its base, as well as near its 
extremity on each side ; the seventh segment is wider than 
any of the preceding, with the hinder angles considerably 
produced and with an obtuse tubercle on each side ; the 
eight segment is narrower, with a strongly elevated carina 
in the middle, and an obtuse tubercle on each side ; the 
ninth segment is subquadrate, with a tubercle on each side 
and the apex emarginate. The terminal ventral segments 
are very m\ich swollen. The legs are short and thick, 
slightly tuberculated (the hind thighs more strongly than 
the rest) ; the tarsi with the basal joint short. 

Plate XXVI. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. Tlie 
head and thorax seen sideways. 2 b. The terminal segments 
of the body seen sideways. 



21. (149.) Acanthoderus Tisiphone, Westw. 
Plate XXVI. fig. 10, male; fig. 11, female. 
Fuscus, obscurus, rugosus ; corpore latiori, subconvexo ; 



PHASMID/E. ACANTHODERUS. 



55 



capite lobis duobus spinulosis verticalibus ; prothoiace 
spinoso ; mesothorace ante medium utrinque lobo trian- 
gulari spinuloso (in mare apice acutiori) armato ; mctatho- 
race uecuou segmentis sex basalibus abdominis lobis duobus 
parns spinulosis in foemina, spinisque duabus metatho- 
raeis et segmentorum duorum basalium in mare armatis ; 
segmentis tribus ultimis abdominis dilatatis ; pedibus tu- 
berculato-spinosis. 

Long. Corp. maris unc. l^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. If ; 
mesotb. lin. 3 ; metatb. lin. 2J ; abdom. lin. 6 + lin. 3i 



=lin. 9i. 

Long. Corp. 
mesotb. lin. 3 
lin. 11. 

Ilab. In Columbia. 



fwm. lin. 20 ; cap. lin. 2 ; protb. lin. 2 ; 
metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 7 + lin. 4 — 



In Mus. Gueriuii, Parisiis. 



This is one of the most repulsive-looking species in the 
entire family, owing to its uniform dirty brown colour and 
strongly armed appearance. The male is considerably nar- 
rower than the female, and the spinulose lobes upon the 
different parts of the body are more elongated, terminating 
in longer and more acute spines. The head is short, with 
the face dcflexed ; it is rugose, and armed with two strong 
denticulated lobes on the crown, behind which are two 
smaller spines. The antennae are long and slender, with 
long joints. The prothorax is transverse, armed with two 
spines in front and two smaller behind. The mesothorax 
is oblong in the male, nearly square in the female ; it has 
two small spines near together in front, and two large trian- 
gular denticulated lobes at the sides, with two small spines 
behind in the middle ; it is also spined along the edges. 
The metathorax is shorter than broad in the female, with 
a pair of small triangular denticulated lobes in front (pro- 
duced in the male into acute spines) ; the middle is cari- 
nated, and the sides are dilated into triangular si)inose 
lobes. The abdomen is rugose, serrated along the edges, 
narrower in the male, broad in the female : the first and 
second segments in the male with a pair of spines, and the 
fifth and sixth with two small denticulated lobes ; in the 
female all the six basal segments have a pair of denticu- 
lated lobes, those on the second and third segments being 
the smallest, and those on the fifth largest, subovate and 
denticulated ; the three terminal segments are broadly di- 
lated, the last joint erect in the male, terminating in two 
small rounded lateral lobes in the female. The leo-s of the 
male are longer and more slender than those of the female. 
All the femora and tibise are furnished with numerous 
small obtuse tubercles, arranged in pairs on the femora. 
The tarsi are short, with the basal joint scarcely larger than 
the following joint. (The under side of the terminal seg- 



ment had been devoured by Anfhreni in the only two speci- 
mens which I have seen.) 

Plate XXVI. Fig. 10. The male, of the natural size. 10 a. 

Tlie profile of the body. 
Fig. 11. The female, of the natm'al size. 



22. (150.) Acanthodenis Mimas, fJ'esho. 
Plate I. fig. 3. 

Mediocriter elongatus, corpore pedibusque spinosissimis ; 
fuscus, lateribus luteo parum variegatis ; pedibus pallide 
luteis fusco variis ; meso- et metathorace ad apicem dila- 
tatis ; femoribus ante apicem foliolo-dentatis ; tibiisque 
omnibus intus ante medium foliolo conico parvo instructis 
(mas). 

Long. Corp. maris lin. 18j ; anteu. lin. 12 ; proth. lin. 1 ; 
mesoth. lin. 5; metath. lin. 3.V ; abdom. lin. 7-|-lin. 1^ = 
lin. 8|. 

Hab. Ceylon. B..M. 

The head of the unique male in the National Collection 
is small and armed with six erect spines arranged in pairs. 
The antennae are long and slender, the labrum and mandi- 
bles pale buff, the latter black at the transverse tips ; the 
general colour of the body is brown, slightly varied at the 
sides with pale buff. The mesosternum armed with two 
or three small deflexed spines at each side. The prothorax 
is armed at the base of each fore leg with two divergent 
spines. The mesothorax is armed with two compound 
spines on each side, and with several erect and diverging 
spines arranged across its dilated hinder part ; there is also 
a similar arrangement of spines across the dilated hind 
part of the metathorax ; each of the six basal segments of 
the abdomen is also dilated at its extremity, where it is 
armed in the same manner with spines ; each of these ab- 
dominal segments has likewise the hinder margin beneath 
produced in the middle into two small contiguous lobes ; 
the three terminal segments in the male are short, bent 
upwards aod dilated beneath, the seventh being armed with 
a deflexed spine, as well as the under edge of the swollen 
operculum. The legs are pale buff, considerably varie- 
gated with brown ; the femora of the two fore legs have 
two middle triangular foliaceous lobes on the inside, the 
four binder femora being more strongly spined both along 
the front and hind edge, and all the tibiae have a small 
lobe on the inner edge between the base and middle. 

Plate I. Fig. 3. The male, of the uatui'al size. 3 a. The 
same seen sideways without the limbs. 3 b. The four ter- 
minal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



56 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



23. (151.) Acanthodenis vigilans, TJ'estw. 

Vertice aurito, thoraee cariuato corjioreque scabro ; fe- 
moribus mediis bis subtrifoliatis ; abdominis apice lanceo- 
late (foem.). 

Long. corp. 2" 6'". 

Acauthoderus auritus, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 569 
(uec Bacteria aurita, Burnt, op. cit.). 
Hab. In Brasilia. 



24. (152.) Acauthoderus oryx, Westw. 

Maris thoraee vertice spinato, scabro, cylindrico, granu- 
late ; pedibus simplicibus, feminae thoraee carinato, scabro ; 
femoribus mediis bis subtrifoliatis ; abdominis apice lan- 
ceolate . 

Long. Corp. maris, 2"-2" 4'" ; foem. 2" 9'". 

Acauthoderus scabrosus, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 
p. 569 (nee Bacteria scabrosus, G. R. Gray). 
Hab. In Brasilia. 



25. (153.) Acauthoderus comutus. 

Fronte inter oculos bicorui ; vertice et corpore scabris ; 
pedibus brevibus, erassis. 

Mas. Femoribus simplicibus ; abdomiue 9 -annulate, in 
a])ice truncate. 

Fcemina. Femoribus 4 pesticis marginibus dentatis ; ab- 
domiue 10-annulate apice lanceolate, Ubere, operculum 
vaginale non superante. 

Long. Corp. maris, 2" ; foeminaj, 2" 8'". 

Acauthoderus comutus, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 
p. 569. 
Hab. In Insula St. Thomse Ind. Occident. 



26. (154.) Acauthoderus rosarius, Perch. 

Gracilis, eylindricus, prasinus, apice femorum et tibiarum 
obscurieri ; capite et protherace 2-, mesotherace 2, 2, 2-, 
metathorace 2, 2-, segmentisque tribus basalibus abdominis 
2-spinesis, spinis flavidis. 

Long. corp. unc. 3 ; anten. unc. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; me- 
soth. lin. 10 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdem. lin. 13 -|- Hn. 3 = 
lin. 16. 

Bacteria rosaria, A. Percheron, Genera des Ins. Orth. pi. 5. 
Phasma (Bacteria) rosarium. Be Haan, Orthopt. Orient. 
p. 134. 

Hab. In America meridienali ? 



27. (155.) Acauthoderus Euterpinus, Westw. 

E viridi flavescenti-brunneus ; gracillimus ; capite, pro- et 
mesotherace singulis spinis duabus acutis armatis ; pedibus 
simplicibus longis ; anteunis lengissimis ; abdominis apice 
crassieri, segmente ultimo fisso. 

Long. corp. unc. 2|^ ; auteu. unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 1^; me- 
soth. Un. 8^ ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdem. liu. 10 -f lin. 3^ = 
lin. 131. 

Bacteria spinosa, G. R. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 43. 

Nee Phasma (Bacteria 1) spinosum, G. R. Gray in Trans. 

Ent. Sue. i. 46 ( = Acauthoderus spiuosus). 

Hab. In Brasilia. B.M. 



28. (156.) Acauthoderus Tolima, Westw. 
Plate XXIV. fig. 5, male. 

Tenuissimus, eylindricus, olivaceo-fuscus ; capite brevi, 
retundato, spinese ; thoraee spinoso-verticillato, spinis albi- 
dis ; mese- et metathorace supra pedes postiee dilatatis ; seg- 
mentis abdemiualibus postiee lateraliter angulato-dilatatis, 
spinisque duabus in medio marginis postici, segmentis 
tribus ultimis dilatatis ; ultimo infra concavo, stylis duebus 
analibus curvatis, in medio latis apice acutis ; pedibus len- 
gissimis, spinesis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. \\ ; anten. lin. 19; proth. lin. 1| ; 
niesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 3i ; abdem. lin. 6 -J- lin. 2^ = 
lin. 8i. 

Hab. In Columbia {Pic Tolima; B. Gaudichaud). In 
Mus. Saunders. 

This species is closely allied to B. Thestylis, but it is 
shorter in the proportion of the diiferent parts of its body, 
and is much more strongly spined. The head is short, 
broad, round, and very convex, armed above with two pairs 
of spines, the hinder pair being the largest. The antenna 
are very long and slender, irregularly annulated with buff. 
The prothorax is armed with two erect spines at its hinder 
part. The mesotherax is long and slender, considerably 
dilated at the insertion of the legs (as is also the metathe- 
rax), armed with about twelve spines arranged in three ir- 
regular transverse series. The metathorax has about ten 
similar spines, four arranged transversely near the middle, 
two at the extremity of each of the divisions, and two lateral 
ones. The hind part of each of the abdominal segments is 
dilated and deflexed ; the middle of the hiud margin both 
dorsally and ventrally armed with two spines. The three 
terminal segments are widened, the last dilated at the sides, 
margined behind, and subtruncate ; the three terminal ven- 
tral segments are much swollen, extending to the extremity 
of the eighth segment, which has the lateral margins emar- 



PHASMID.E. ACANTHODERUS. 



57 



giiiate ; tte anal styles are thick, incurved, setose, and 
pointed at tbe tips. The legs are very slender ; the femora 
with two rows of short spines on the lower angles, less 
distinct in the anterior pair, and the tibiae have three small 
spines between the base and the middle ; the tarsi are very 
slender, witli the basal joint longer than all the rest united. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. 5. The male insect, of the natiu-al size. 
5 a. The same seen laterally, with the limbs omitted. 5 b. 
The three terminal segments of the body seen laterally. 
5 c. The terminal segment with the anal styles seen from 
behind. 



29. (157.) Acauthodems Arispa, TVestiv. 
Plate XXVI. fig. 5, female. 

Fuscus, capitis et prothoracis lateribus luteis ; opacus, ru- 
gosus ; capite brevi, gibboso, spinis duabus spinnlisque non- 
nullis verticalibus ; anteimis lougitudiue saltern pedum an- 
ticorum ; abdomme brevi segmentis quinque basalibus di- 
latatis, convexis, lobo medio utrinque spinoso marginis 
postici, lateribusque tuberculo conico armatis ; pedibus tn- 
berculatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. lin. 17j; anten. lin. 11 ; proth. liu. 1 J ; 
mesoth. lin. 3^ ; metath. lin. 2 ; abdom. lin. fli + liu. 35 = 
lin. 9. 

Hab. In Columbia {D. Gaiidichaud). In Mus. Saun- 
ders. 

I have seen only one female individual of this species, 
which differs from all the others with which I am ac- 
quainted in the shape and appendages of the abdominal 
segments, tuberculated legs, &c. It may possibly be the 
female of A. Tolima, but I have no proof of such a fact. 
The head is short, very convex, with various minute spines 
on the crown, two being of larger size than the rest. The 
antennae are at least as long as the fore legs. The pro- 
thorax is furnished with numerous small granules and two 
small erect points in the middle of the hinder margin. 
The mesothorax and metathorax are also granulose, with a 
central slender raised line and two short spines on the disc 
in front of the middle and two on the hind margin ; the 
metathorax is short, with two small spines in the middle. 
The abdomen has the basal segments gradually dilated into 
an oval mass, convex above, rugose ; the basal segment 
with two small spines in the middle, and two larger towards 
the sides on the hind margin ; the second segment has the 
hinder margin in the middle raised into a broad thin plate, 
with a spine on each side and two converging carinse in the 
middle ; the third and two following segments are broad, 
with the middle raised into a much narrower lobe, the disc 
with converging carinse and the lateral margins dilated 



behind ; the sixth segment is much narrower than the pre- 
ceding ; and the three terminal segments are much com- 
pressed, and as long as the four preceding segments united, 
with an acute carina along the middle, tlie sides slightly 
rugose ; the seventh segment being as long as the eighth 
and ninth united. The operculum extends to the extre- 
mity of the abdomen ; it is but slightly swollen in the mid- 
dle. The legs are of moderate length, armed with nume- 
rous small conical lobes on the femora and tibi«, those of 
the fore legs being less strongly marked than in the hind 
legs ; the tarsi have the basal joint rather longer than the 
three following joints united. 

Plate XXVI. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
head seen sideways. 5 b. The abdomen seen sideways. 



30. (158.) Acanthodenis Quindensis. 
Plate XXV. fig. 3, male, fig. 4, female. 

Fusco-nigricans, opacus, subrugosus ; pedibus magis pi- 
ceis ; capite utrinque luteo ; mesothoracis parte antica et 
lateribus subasperis, segmentis abdominalibus postice extus 
angulatis, singuloque supra postice in carinam parvam 
producto ; pedibus longis, simplicibus. 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 14 ; anten. liu. 14 ; proth. liu. If ; 
mesoth. lin. 2 ; metath. Un. 2 ; abdom. liu. 5 -f lin. 3 = 
lin. 8. 

Long. Corp. fcem. lin. 17 ; anten. lin. 13 ; proth. liu. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 2\; metath. lin. 2i; abdom. lin. 5|-|-lin. 2\ 
=lin. 8. 

Bacteria Quiudensis, Goudot in Giitrin, Mag. de Zool. Lis. 

p. 5 (sine descr.). 

ffab. In regionibus frigidis Cordillerse centralis Novii 
Granada, sub truncis arborum procumbentium, ubi indi- 
vidua duo vel tria societate invenit B. Goudot. In Mus. 
Sauuders. 

Obscure blackish-brown, slightly rugose above. Legs 
more pitchy. Head dirty luteous at the sides. The male 
is much narrower than the female, with the abdomen 
nearly cyliudric ; that of the female is broader and sub- 
convex. The head is unarmed, nearly square, shorter in 
the male. The antennae long, with long slender joints. 
The meso- and metathorax of nearly equal length, the 
former with several small obtuse points in front and along 
the sides. The abdomen has the segments produced into 
small angulated points on each side of the hind margin, and 
there is a small elevated point forming a short ill-defined 
carina in the middle of the hind margin of each segment. 
The terminal segment of the male is produced behind at 
the sides into two strong deflexed points, and is concave 

X 



58 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



beneath, with the anal styles obtuse and incurved. The 
operculum of the female is swollen in the middle, and ex- 
tends to the extremity of the abdomen. The legs are long, 
those of the female stronger and shorter ; the basal joint 
of all the tarsi scarcely longer than the following joint. 

Plate XXV. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
terminal segments of tlie abdomen seen laterally. 3 b. The 
terminal joint seen from behind. 

Fig. 4. The female, of the natm-al size. 4 a. The terminal seg- 
ments seen laterally. 

31. (1.59.) Acanthoderus Servillei. 

Mas. " Brun, tres allonge, cylindrique. Pattes greles, non 
epineuses ; une petite epine sur chaque segment du thorax 
au-dessus de 1' insertion des pattes, et deux autres sur les 
cotes du me'tathorax ; antennes longues de seize lignes, sd- 
tac&s ; articles des tarses de meme largeur partout." 

Foem. "Semhlable au male mais plus grande et non 
munie d'^pines sur le milieu de corselet." 

Bacteria Servillei, Montrouzier in Ann. Sci. Phys. et Natur. 
de Lyon, 1855, t. vii. p. 80. 
Hub. Woodlark Island, frequens. 

32. (IGO.) Acanthoderus ? phyllocephalus, Westw. 

Foimina vertice breviori, cornibus in apice foliaceis ; tho- 
race splnoso, metathorace in medio spina crassa maxima ; 
pedibus brevibus, elevato-carinatis ; femoribus 4 posticis 
ante medium, omnibusque in apice biphyllis ; tarsorum arti- 
culo Irao cristato ; operculo vagiuali maximo, carinato, in 
apice bisinuato. 

Long. Corp. cum operculo, 9" 5'". 

Bacteria anrita, Biirmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 565 (uec 
Acanthoderus auritus, Burm. op. cit. neque 

Cladomorpha ceratocephalus ?, G. R. Gray, ut opin. Burm.) 
Hab. In Brasilia interior!. 



Genus 9. PYGIRHYNCHUS. 
Pygirhynchus, Serville. 

Body elongate, subcylindrical. H^ad generally furnished 
with auriform appendages ; ocelli wanting. Antennae long, 
slender ; basal joint dilated, subovate. Thorax long, ru- 
gose, sometimes spined ; mesothoras three times the length 
of the prothorax. Abdomen subcylindrical ; anal styles 
not prominent. Terminal dorsal segment and the opercu- 
lum elongated, resembling a duck's beak. Legs of mode- 
rate length ; thighs not membranous ; middle femora and 
sometimes the posterior furnished with foliaceous lobes ; 
basal joint of the tarsi not dilated. 



1. (IGl.) Pygirhynchus subfoliatus. 

Valde rugosus, brunneo-viresccns ; capite appendiculis 
duobus auriformibus margine incisis tuberculisque duobus 
miuoribus posticis ; prothorace valde infequali, tuberculis 
duobus minutis posticis ; meso- et metathorace carina dor- 
sali in abdominis scgmenta basalia extensa ; metathorace 
tuberculis minutis ; metathorace mesothorace e tertia parte 
breviore, et similiter tuberculato; abdominis segmento 4to 
ad apicem supra foliolo minuto, 5to foliolo majori in- 
structis ; pedibus concoloribus ; femoribus intermediis folio- 
lis duobus basalibus parum distinctis, duobusque apicallbus, 
externo reliquis majori ; antennis concoloribus (foem.). 

Var. Capite tantum tuberculis duobus minutis in- 
structo. 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^-2f . 

Pygirhynchus subfoliatus, Serrille, H.N. Orth. p. 261. 
Phasma (Bacteria D.) subfoliatus, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 134. 

Hab. In Brasilia. In Mus. Oxon. (Hopeiano), et Fry. 

A specimen of this insect in the Hopeian Collection at 
Oxford, obtained from that of M. Marchal, and probably 
identical with the Dcjeanian specimen described by M. Ser- 
ville, has the following proportions : — Corp. unc. 2J ; cap. 
liu. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 6^ ; metath. lin. 5 ; ab- 
dom. lin. 11-)- lin. 7=18. 

2. (162.) Pygirhynchus coronatus. 

Rugosus, brunnco-viridis ; capite tuberculato verticeque 
appendicidis rugosis auriformibus (coronam simulantibus) ; 
prothorace granuloso, granulis nonnullis majoribus fere spi- 
nosis ; mesothorace prothorace triplo longiori, carina media 
teuui ad apicem abdominis extensa, utrinque tuberculis 
duobus instructo ; pedibus concoloribus : anticorum augulis 
dilatationibus parvis deuticulatis ; intermediorum femoribus 
foliolis margiuis interni, una basali rotunda, elongata, altera 
apicali majori, versus basin rotundata extvis emarginata ; 
tibiis intermediis foliolis duobus distinctis, primo externo, 
altero interuo basali, horum apicibus dilatationibus parvis ; 
femoribus posticis tibiisque supra foliolis nonnullis subrudi- 
mentalibus ; antennis concoloribus brunneo annulatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. cir. unc. 2^. 

Pygirhynchus coronatus, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 261. 
Phasma (Bacteria D.) coronatus. Be Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 134. 

Hab. In America meridionali. 

3. (163.) Pygirhynchus Iphiclus, Westw. 
Plate II. fig. 2. 
Depressus, obscure fuscus, opacus, granulosus ; capite 



PHASMID^. PYGmnYNCIIUS. 



59 



bispinoso ; meso- et metanoto medio carinatis ; segmentis 
abdominalibus lateribus cmavginatis, Jorso in medio et la- 
teribus irregulariter cariuatis ; pedibus granulatis ; femo- 
ribus posticis intus ad basin dilatatis (mas et focm.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^; anten. lin. 8 ; proth. lin. 2 ; me- 
soth. lin. 5^ ; metatb. lin. 3^; abdom. lin. Zl+lin. 5|= 
lin. 13. 

Hab. Colombia et Venezuela. B.M. 

Obscure blackish-brown and opake, the surface irregu- 
larly granulosa. The head is widened iu front to the eyes 
with two erect spines on the crown in the middle and seve- 
ral smaller ones near the hind margin. The autennoc are 
scarcely longer than the mesothorax, with the basal joint 
large, oval and flattened. The prothorax has two raised 
longitudinal lines posteriorly deutated. The mesothorax is 
gradually widened from the anterior margin to the middle, 
behind which its sides are straight ; the disc is irregularly 
granidated, with a central longitudinal raised line. The 
metathorax is oblong, with a similar raised central line. 
The abdomen is rather wider than the metathorax ; the 
basal segments short, the fifth and following gradually nar- 
rowed and rather longer ; the sides of each joint are emar- 
ginate, so that each side of this part of the body forms a 
series of scallops ; each segment, moreover, is furnished 
down the middle of the back with two curved narrow 
raised lines, enclosing between them an elongate-oval space, 
and the sides are further marked with curved raised lines ; 
the ninth segment is deeply impressed transversely at a short 
distance from its base, its apex being acuminated ; beneath 
it bears two small oval styles, the operculum extending 
beneath the seventh, eighth, and base of the ninth joints. 
The legs are rather short ; the femora with very small tuber- 
cles on the fore edge ; the two hind femora dilated at the 
base behind. The basal joint of all the tarsi is short. The 
body beneath is similarly coloured, opake and carinated as 
above. The male is small and narrow, vpith the sides of 
the body parallel, the terminal segments of the body beuig 
dilated and augulated beneath ; the head is armed with 
tubercles instead of spines, and the hind legs are slightly 
dilated at the base. 

An immature specimen of a female measuring 1 6a lines 
in length, differs only from the female above described in 
having the abdominal segments wider and their emarginated 
sides more deeply scalloped. 

Plate II. Fig- 2. The female, of the natui-al size. 2 a. Head 
and front of the body seen laterally. 2 b. Three terminal 
segmentsof the abdomen seen laterally. 2 c. The male, of 
the natural size, seen laterally. 



Genus 10. CEROYS. 
Ceroys, Serville. 

Body long, subcylindrical. Head often furnished with 
auriform appendages. Ocelli wanting. Antennse long, 
multiarticulate, setaceous. Thorax long, smooth, but 
spined. Mesothorax at least three times the length of the 
prothorax. Abdomen subcylindrical, suddenly constricted 
near the apex, which is swollen in both sexes, with the ter- 
minal, dorsal and ventral plates simple, and the anal styles 
not prominent. Legs of moderate length ; femora not mem- 
branous ; anterior small, four posterior femora more or less 
foliaceous. 

1. (164.) Ceroys perfoliatus. 
Brunneus, scaber ; capite cornibus duobus auriformibus ; 

prothoracis margine postico spinis duabus et mesothoracis 
medio duabus ; abdominis segmento 4to postice foliato ; 
femoribus 4 posticis ante et pone medium perfoliatis. 
Long. Corp. maris 1" 9'" ; foem. 3" 6'". 

Cladomorphus perfohatus, G.R. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 15. 

Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 263 (Ceroys perf.). 
Acanthoderus perfoliatus, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 

2. p. 569. 

Rab. In Brasilia. B.M. 

Obs. The typical specimen of this species described by 
Mr. G. R. Gray, is a female, and is contained in the Bri- 
tish Museum Collection. Its proportions are as follow : 
— Corp. unc. 3^^ ; anten. lin. 22 ; proth. lin. 2\ ; mesoth. 
lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 6i ; abdom. lin. 13 -f- lin. 5 = lin. 18. 
The basal joint of the tarsi is a3 long as the second and 
third joints united ; the three terminal dorsal segments of 
the abdomen are short and form a short ovate mass, the 
middle (eighth) joint being produced m the middle of its 
hind margin into an acute point, and the terminal joint de- 
flexed ; the operculum does not extend to the extremity of 
the ninth dorsal segment. 

2. (165.) Ceroys multispiiiosus. 
Rugosus, brunneo-virescens ; vertice tuberculis spinosis ; 

prothorace spinis duabus fortihus margiuis postici ; meso- 
thorace prothorace fere 4plo longiori, carina media longi- 
tuduiali per segmenta hasalia abdominis extensa ; lateribus- 
rpie tuberculis minutis distantibus et in mare utrinque 
spinis duabus vel tribus fortihus ; in foemina utrinque spina 
unica armato ; metathorace utrinque in medio spina forte 
etiam armato, abdominis segmentis utrinque dilatatione fo- 
liacea ; 3to supra ad apicem lobo apice acuto, 4toque lobo 
simili at majori et rotundo ; ultimoque lobo simiU laminam 

I 2 



60 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



supra-analem excedcnte, segmcntis duobus basalibus reli- 
quis fere duplo latioiibus ; pedibus brunneo viridique an- 
nulatis ; femoiibus 4 posticis foliaceis, intcrmediis lobis 
tribus basalibus alterisque tribus apicalibus, iufero rudimeu- 
tali, femoiibus posticis ad basin intus appendiculo unico 
distincto, ad apicem duobus ; antennis coucoloribus (mas). 
Long. Corp. unc. 2, lin 3. 

Ceroys multispinosus, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 264. 
Hab. In Brasilia. 



3. (166.) Ceroys histrinus, Westw. 
Plate I. fig. 5. 

Mediocriter elongatus, obscure ferrugineus, opacus, gra- 
nulato-rugosus, spinisque numerosis armatus ; capite tuber- 
culis compressis, elevatis, coronato ; segmentis mediis ab- 
dominis foliolis rugosis postice armatis ; femoribus omnibus 
irregulariter foliolo-tuberculatis et spinosis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^ ; (anten. deteritaj cap. lin. 2 ; 
proth. lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 5; metath. lin. 4; abdom. 
lin. 12-t-lin. 3i=lin. 151.) 

Hab. Venezuela. B.M. 

The general colour is rusty-brown, the surface granulato- 
rugose, the under side of the body being opake, slightly 
rugose, with the abdominal segments simple. The head 
is rugose and furnished above with two large and four 
smaller spinose leaflets, which are elevated and laterally 
obliquely porrectcd, the larger ones being rounded on their 
anterior upper margin, the crown of the head is furnished 
moreover with two spines ; the basal joints of the antennae 
are rugose (the terminal joints are broken off in the unique 
specimen in the National Collection). The prothorax is 
rugose And spined at its upper side, with two diverging 
spines near its hind margin. The mesothorax is spined 
along the sides, which are gradually dilated to the base of 
the middle legs ; the anterior part bears a triangular rugose 
space, armed with spines at the sides, and there is a central 
longitudinal elevated line with two strong spines in the 
centre. The metathorax is about half the length of the 
mesothorax, considerably dilated at the sides in front of 
the base of the hind legs, armed with two strong spines 
near its base, and the sides also spined. The abdomen is 
rugose above ; the extremity of the basal segments with a 
minute compound lobe in the middle of the hind margin, 
which becomes foliaceous and much larger in the fourth 
and fifth segments, but gradually diminishes on the hind 
segments. The abdomen is as wide as the mesothorax, but 
narrowed at the base of the seventh segment. The oper- 
culum extends beneath the whole of the seventh, eighth, 



and ninth segments, not however extending beyond the 
latter. The femora are irregularly foliaceo-dentate, both 
along the fore and hind edges, and the tibiae are irregu- 
larly but widely serrated on the outer edge. The tarsi have 
the basal joint slightly larger than the second joint. 

Plate I. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
head and part of the thorax seen laterally. 5 b. The seven 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



4. (167.) Ceroys saevissimus, Westw. 
Plate XXVI. fig. 3, female. 

Totus opacus, viridi brunneoque varius, undique tubercu- 
lis, spinis, foliolisque spiniferis armatus ; capite, medio me- 
sonoti, metanotoque antice foliolis aculeatis lateraliter por- 
rectis instractis ; segmentis abdomiualibus basalibus lobis 
lateralibus et dorsalibus erectis spinosis (4to majori), seg- 
mentoque 8vo lobo erecto ovali serrato armatis ; pedibus 
lougis irregulariter spinulosis et serratis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2\ ; cap. lin. 2 ; antenn. unc. 2 ; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. b^; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 8 + 
lin. 4|=lm. 12 J. 

Hab. In Brasilia. Mus. Fry. 

The whole insect is opake, and considerably varied in its 
colour from green to rusty-brown and ligliter buff; it is 
covered with small granules or spines, and is armed with 
numerous conical leaflets, which are denticulated at the 
edges. The head is armed with two conical spinose lobes 
on the crown, behind which are two erect spines. The 
antennae are long and slender, with the tips of the jomts 
(in the basal half of the antennae) darker- coloured than the 
basal portion. The jjrothorax is armed with two erect 
spines in front, and four in a transverse row behind. The 
mesothorax, in addition to the pair of large triangular spi- 
nose leaflets, is armed vrith four pairs of erect spines. The 
metathorax also bears a pair of smaller spinose triangular 
leaflets, and two pairs of dorsal spines, one pair close to 
the fore margin, and one pair beyond the middle. The 
six basal segments of the abdomen are armed at the sides 
with triangular spinose lobes ; and on the upper surface 
near the base of each is a pair of small spines wide apart, 
with a pair of large spines approximated together in the 
middle "of the hind margin, accompanied in the third and 
fourth segments by a spinose erect lobe ; the three terminal 
segments are very much compressed, the eighth segment 
being furnished above with an ovate erect serrated lobe ; 
the ninth segment is produced in a slender plate at its ex- 
tremity ; the operculum extending to the extremity of the 
abdomen, but with its extremity deflexed. The legs are 



PHASMID^. CEROYS. 



fil 



long aud slender, considerably variegated in their colours ; 
the anterior femora and tibice irregularly spinose and ser- 
rated ; the four hind femora with five or six spines on each 
of their angles, that near the apex being the largest. The 
middle right leg in the specimen drawn had apparently 
been reproduced, being smaller than the opposite limb, and 
destitute of spines. The size of the spines of the body 
varies in different individuals. One specimen in Mr. Fry's 
collection has the abdomen destitute of the lateral lobes, 
whilst the dorsal lobes of the third, fourth and eighth 
segments are larger than in the specimen which I have 
figured. 

Plate XXVI. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



5. (168.) Ceroys ignavus, Westw. 
Plate IV. fig. ", female. 

Rufo-brunneus, opacus, irregulariter granulatus et lineo- 
latus, subcylindricus, parallelus ; abdominis segmento 2do 
foliolo erecto postice instriicto, sequentibus tuberculis par- 
vis in margiue postico, segmento 9no pauUo latiori, apice 
4-dentato, lobo apicali miuuto detecto ; femoribus interme- 
diis foliolis tribus magnis rotundis instructis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2J ; anten. lin. 19 ; proth. Hn. 2 ; me- 
soth. Hn. 9 ; metath. lin. 5^ ; abdom. lin. 10 -|- lin. 5 = 
lin. 15. , 

Hub. In Brasilia (Tapajos, D. £«/m). B.M. 

Uniformly opake, red-brown, with the sides of the body 
nearly parallel ; the entire surface of the body covered with 
minute granules and short slight irregular lines. The head 
is oblong and simple. The antennae nearly half the length 
of the body and very slender. The mesothorax long aud 
slightly widened at its extremity, as is also the metathorax, 
which has its hinder division very short and slightly indi- 
cated. The second segment of the abdomen is furnished 
with a large erect leaflet at its hinder margin, and the fol- 
lowing segments are also furnished on their hind margins 
with a series of small tubercles, from which run fine striolte 
into the disc of the segment ; the ninth segment is slightly 
wider than the rest, it has a small spine on each side, and 
it is notched at its extremity, a small lobe appearing be- 
tween the divisions. The operculum extends beneath the 
seventh and eighth and base of the ninth dorsal segments. 
The legs are of moderate length ; the anterior simple, with 
the femora curved at the base ; the intermediate femora are 
furnished on the upper fore edge with three large rounded 
leaflets, the hind edge being tuberculated ; the hind femora 
are irregularly and slightly serrated, as are the four poste- 



rior tibise. The basal joint of all the tarsi is nearly cfpial 
to the three following iu length. 

Ohs. The specimen figured has the right middle leg 
simple in its joints, being evidently a case of reproduction 
of the limb, which had been accidentally broken off. 

Plate IV. Fig. 7. The female, of the natural size. 7 a. Tlie 
abdomen seen laterally. 

6. (169.) Ceroys Eabdota, Westw. Plate XXII. fig. 6. 

Mediocriter elongatus, subdepressus, opacus, totus obscure 
brunneus, rugosus ; abdomine longitudinaliter striolato ; 
cajiite bitubcrculato ; antennis longis ; abdominis segmento 
secundo foliolo magno semicirculari irregulari depresso, 
femoribusque 4 posticis supra lobis tribus rotundatis in- 
structis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2J ; anten. unc. If; proth. lin. 2^; 
mesoth. lin. 8; metath. lin. 5; abdom. lin. 11 -|- lin. 7 
=lin. 18. 

Hah. In Columbia (D. Gmtdicluiud). Mus. Saunders. 

Entirely obscure ferruginous brown, opake, rugose, and 
finely granulose, with a few larger granules dispersed irre- 
gularly. The abdomen with several slightly elevated lon- 
gitudinal dorsal lines. Head with two rugose erect tuber- 
cles pointed at the tip between the eyes. AntenniE long 
and slender. Mesothorax gradually widened from the 
front margin to the middle ; metathorax widest. Abdomen 
with a broad semicircular membranous depressed lobe, with 
irregular notched edges fixed on the hind margin of the 
second segment, and extending over the base of the third, 
which, as well as the fourth, fifth and sixth, has the two 
central dorsal lineolse terminated in slightly produced 
points ; the sixth segment is considerably wideued at its 
hinder margin, and the three terminal segments are gra- 
dually narrowed ; the seventh having a deep oblique im- 
pression on each side, with the two minute caudal styles 
beneath. The operculum is but slightly swollen, but its 
extremity is furnished with two slender erect points dilated 
in the middle of their inner edge. The fore legs are mode- 
rately long, with the femur and tibise slightly lobed ; the 
four hind legs are shorter, with the femora furnished on 
their upper edge with three pairs of small semicircular de- 
pressed leaflets, as well as with a subbasal and subapical 
smaller lobe ; the tibire are also furnished with two or three 
distant smaller lobes. 

Plate XXII. Fig. 6. Tbe female, of the natural size. ("> a. 
The head iind protliorax seen sideways. 6 b. The abdomen 
seen sideways. 6 c. The terminal segment and opeiculum 
seen from behind. 6 d. One of the small erect appendages 
of the operculum. 6 e. The extremity of the operculum 
seen obliquely downwards. 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



7. (1/0.) Ceroys Coliimbina, H'estw. 
Plate XXIV. fig. 1 . 

Obscure fuscus, opacuSj luteo parum varius, bre\ior, 
subdepressus ; meso- et metathorace vage granulatis ; ab- 
domine linea tenui media longitudinali, aliisque lateralibus 
curvatis elevatis, segmentis apicalibus in medio carinatis ; 
pedibus gracilibus, femoribus tibiisque tuberculatis ; oper- 
culo iipice fisso (foem.). 

Long. Corp. lin. 22^; ant.lin. 13 ; proth.lin. If ; mesoth. 
lin. 5J.; metath. lin. 3| ; abdom. lin. 7 + liu. 3 = lin. 10. 

Hub. In Columbia (D. Gaudichaud). Mus. Saunders. 

This species, of which I have seen only a single female 
individual, is entirely of a dull brown colour, slightly varied 
with luteous ; it is finely rugose, with slender elevated lines 
and minute granulations wide apart. The head is elon- 
gated behind the eyes, with a dark mark down the centre 
of the crown. The antennae are long and slender, the 
basal joint oval and depressed. The mesothorax is mode- 
rately elongated and gradually widened, with a raised cen- 
tral line extending also along the metathorax, which is 
gradually wider than the mesothorax, and about three-fifths 
of its entire length ; its hinder division is short, with a 
raised, slightly curved line on each side. The abdomen is 
not longer than the thorax ; it is wide and subdepressed, 
TOth the terminal segments gradually attenuated ; on either 
side of the slightly raised median line is a curved line simi- 
larly raised, and another nearer the lateral margins scarcely 
defined. The three terminal segments are strongly cari- 
nated ; the seventh joint considerably longer than the pre- 
ceding ; the eighth and ninth of equal length, each being 
nearly equal to the sixth. The operculum is swollen at 
its base ; it extends a little beyond the extremity of the 
abdomen, and is deeply emarginate at its tip. The legs 
are slender ; the fore femora with the upper edge dilated ; 
the four posterior femora with several small rounded lobes 
in pairs upon the upper edges of the thighs ; tjje tibiae also 
slightly and irregularly lobed ; the tarsi are short, with the 
))asal joint not longer than the three following united. 

Plate XXIV. Fig. 1. The female, of the natiu-al size. 1 a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally, with 
the extremity of the operculum seen from beneath. 



Genus 11. RHAPHIDERTJS. 

Rhaphiderus, Serville. 
Acanthodems, p., G. R. Gray. 

Body of the male long and slender, of the female broad, 
subconvex. Head larger than the prothorax, unarmed. 
Ocelli wanting. Antennae long and slender. Prothorax 



and disc of the mesothorax spined ; sides of the latter and 
of the metathorax swollen in the female, and spinulose. 
Metathorax of the male much dilated above the insertion 
of the hind legs. Abdomen of the male long and slender, 
of the female broad, and gradually narrowed to the tip. 
Fore legs long and simple ; hind legs with the femora and 
tibi.T more or less spined ; the middle ones not foUaceous. 

1.(171.) Rhaphideras scabrosus. 

Elongatus, Isevis, viridis, rufo-varius, foemina pallidior, 
vitta longitudinali flava ; capite postice obscnrius lineato, 
pro- et mesothorace disco spinulosis, sjiinisque lateralibus 
meso- et metanoti ; abdominis lateribus in foemina mem- 
brana tenui marginatis ; femoribus quatuor posticis tibiis- 
que duabus posticis spinosis. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 3 ; anten. lin. 20 ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. G^ ; metath. lin. G^ ; abdom. lin. 14 + lin. 4 
= lin. 18. 

Long. corp. fcem. unc. A\ ; proth. 2| ; mesoth. lin. 7^ ; 
metath. lin. 7^; abdom. lin. 171+ lin- 5=lin. 22i. 

Bacteria scabrosa, Percheron in Gv.4r. Icon. R. An. Ins 
pi. 53. f. 4 ^ . 

Grifith, An. K. pi. 110. f. 4. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 14 (Acanthoderus scabro- 
sus, mas.). 
Serville, H.n. OrM. p. 246 (Rhaphiderus scabrosus). 
Hah. Isle de France. <? ¥ in Mus. Oxon. (Hopeiano). 

B.M. 
Obs. The female bears a strong general resemblance to 
Craspedonia undulata, Westw. Arc. Ent. i. pi. 8, and ii. 
p. 49 {Biajih. gibbosa, W. olim, nee D. yibbosa, Burra.) ; 
it is, however, much smaller and destitute of rudimental 
wing-covers. 

2. (172.) Rhaphiderus Dumerilii. 
Mesothorace scabro ; femoribus quatuor posticis angu- 
latis, spinosis ; tibiis posticis dentatis. 
Long. Corp. unc. 2\ ; anten. lin. 22. 

Phasme geant, Bumeril, Consid. his. pi. 23. f. 3. 
Acanthoderus Dumerilii, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 14. 
Hab. ? 



Genus 12. ETJRYCANTHA. 

Eurycantha, Boisduval, G. R. Gray. 
Karabidion, Montrouzier, in Ann. Sci. de Lyon, 2nde sdrie, 
torn. vii. l"partie, p. 81. 

Head quadrate. Antennae rather short, slender, multi- 
articulate ; the basal joint large and depressed. Thorax as 
long as the abdomen, cylindrical. Metathorax shorter than 
the mesothorax, both spined at the sides. Abdomen short. 



PHASMID^. EURYCANTHA. 



63 



subcylindrical and attenuated at the tip in the males, broader 
and with the last joint long and pointed in the females. 
Four fore-legs short, thick ; two fore-thighs straight at 
the base. Posterior femora greatly iucrassated and spined ; 
tibiae spinose on the inside. 

I do not consider it requisite to adopt M. Montrouzier's 
suggestion for suppressing Boisduval's generic name for 
this group, because some of the species are not so strongly 
spined as the type. The Karabidion australe which led 
to the suggestion, has, in fact, the hind legs of the male 
even more strongly, although less numerously, spined than 
in E, horrida. 



1. (173. J Eurycantha horrida. 

Piceo-castanea, nitida, tuberculis spinisque numerosis ar- 
mata ; metathorace utrinque dilatato, abdominis lateribus 
spinosis ; pedibus (prsesertim duobus posticis) valde Ln- 
crassatis, spinisque fortibus armatis (mas). 

Foemina multo major, minus scabra ; abdomine latiore 
convexo, segmento ultimo dorsali valde elongato attenuate. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 4^ ; cap. lin. 5 ; proth. lin. 6 ; 
mesoth. lin. 12; metath. lin. 6^ ; abdom. lin. 19 + hn. 6 
= lin. 25. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 6 ; cap. lin. G ; proth. lin. 8 • 
mesoth. lin. 13 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 21 + lin. 1 7 
= lin. 38. 

Eurvcantha horrida, Boisdiwal, Voy. de r Astrolabe, Zool. 
Eiif.]). G47. pi. 10. f. 2, male. 
G. R. Gray, Syn. P/iasm. p. 14. 
ServiUe, H. n. Orth. p. 279. 
Bridle, H. n. Ins. ix. pi. 10, male. 
Phasma (Eurycautha) horridum, Be Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 136.pl. 14. f. 8 (larva). 
Karabidion horridum, Monfrouzier, op. cit. p. 82. 

Hab. Dorei, New Ireland, Woodlark Island. <? in B.M. 
Mas et foem. in Mus. Oxon. (Hopeiano). 

The figure of this fine insect given by Boisduval, as well 
as the much better one published by Messrs. Audouin and 
Brulle, represent the male. M. Serville, however, very 
carefully describes the structure of both sexes, which differ 
chiefly in the form of the abdominal segments (H. n. Orth. 
p. 278). 

The last-named author having the Phasma dilatatum of 
Shaw in view, considered, that as that insect, although a 
female, was provided with rudimental wings, it might, from 
its large size, be supposed to be a fully developed female of 
the present genus, and hence that the Eurycantha horrida 
of Boisduval was most probably only a larva, which, being 
a male insect, would from analogy ultimately acquire more 
fully-developed wings than those of the female. Ph. dila- 



tatum. Burmeister (Handb. d. Ent. ii. 570) also considered 
Eur. horrida to be a larva. On the contrary, I feel con- 
vinced that this species is an apterous one, and that it is 
already known to us in its ultimate form. Not only have 
the insects themselves all the appearance of maturity, but 
the figure of the larva of the present species, given by De 
Haan, as well as the analogy afforded by the new species 
described below (of which several specimens in various 
states of growth are contained in the National Collection), 
sufficiently prove that these insects are no longer in the 
larva state, whilst their want of the slightest rudiments 
of wings or tegmina equally proves that they are never 
destined to acquire organs of flight. Hence the observa- 
tions of Serville and Burmeister on the probability that 
this genus would viltimately be found to merge into Hete- 
ropteryx, cannot be ado])ted. 

JI. Moutrouzier gives the following account of the habits 
of this curious species : — "On le trouve dans les lieus om- 
bragt's, particuliurement dans les troncs des vieux arbres 
charges de plantes parasites. Les naturels m'ont assure 
qu'il pullulait dans les marais oucroit le sagoutier. Comme 
tons les Phasmieus, il vit de substances vegetales, mais je 
n'ai pu decouvrir la plante dout il fait sa nourriture. 
Plusieurs fois j'ai observe qu'il avait touche a des feuilles 
de Broussonetia 2iapyrifera, que je choisisssis parfaitement 
entieres et que je trouvais ensuite echancrees, mais je ne 
croissais qu'il aime ce vegetal. Outre qu'il n'y touchait 
qu'apres plusieurs jours de diete, c'est a dire quand la 
faim le pressait, j'ai eu beau en fournir abondamment au 
nombreux individus que j'ai essaye d'elever, je n'ai pu en 
conserver longtemps aucuu. Je pense que tons sont morts 
d'inauition. La femelle porte un tres grand nombre d'ceufs, 
de 80 a 100, longs de 0"'-009, larges de 0"'-005 oblongs, 
bomb& des deux bouts, ressemblant a mi barillet, et revetus 
d'une coque calcaire, tantot noirs, tantot gris, mouchetds de 
brun- Quand eclosent-ils ? Je ne le sais au juste. Mais 
unefois que j'avais eu en cage une femelle, avant de mourir 
d'inanition, comme les autres, elle deposa ses oeufs : un 
mois apres je vis paraitre de petits insectes de la longueur 
d'un pouce et de I'epaisseur d'un fil. Je n'en pus 
sauver aucun. Le Karabidion horridum semble avoir des 
mcEurs nocturnes ; le jour il fuit la lumiere et la nuit j'en- 
tendais ceux que je gardais, s'agiter et chercher a forcer la 
porte de leur cage pour s'cvader. II sont tres forts. J'en 
ai vu soulever des planches assez epaisses, que j'avais placee 
siir un seau au-dessus d'eux pour les empccher de sortir. 
II n'est pas sans quelques dangers de les saisir sans pre'- 
caution. Des qu'ils se sentent pres, ils levent perpeudicu- 
lairement leurs pattes de derriere et les font retomber ob- 
liquement en dedans, de maniere a blesser jusqu'au sang 



64 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



avec leurs longues dpines, la main imprudeute que les saisit 
sans defiance. 

" Je terminerai par une circonstance qui corrobiera eelles 
de M. Fortuma* publiees dans le CXXV^™*: numero des 
'Annales d'Histoire naturelles de Londres,' en Mars 1 845, au 
sujet de la reproduction des organes. J'ai souvent re- 
marque chez le Karabidion horridum le phcnomcne que 
Ton observe chez les dcrivisses et gdneralement tous les 
crustaces : chez lesquels un membre casse ne manque jamais 
de repousser, mais toutefois sans atteindre la grosseur qu'il 
avait d'abord. II est important de signaler ce fait parce- 
que s'il n'est pas nouveau, il est _au moins pen couuu en en- 
tomologie et qu'il est mcme nie dans des ouvrages recents, 
et forts estimables, d'ailleurs, tels que ' I'iutroduction a I'En- 
tomologie' de Lacordaire, page 472, tome ii." 



2. (174.) Eurycantha Tyrrhaeus, Westw. 
Plate II. fig. 1. 

Luteo-fusca, capite et segmentis apicalibus abdominis 
pallidieribus ; nitida ; capite spinis quatuor occipitalibus ; 
thoracis lateribus valde spinosis ; abdomine inermi ; pedi- 
bns brevibus ; femoribus crassis, angulatis et serratis ; abdo- 
mine segmentis basalibus serie duplici tuberculorum versus 
marginem posticum ; maris subcylindrico, segmentis sequa- 
libus ; foeminse elongato, obconico, scgmento ultimo longi- 
tudine trium praecedeutium tequante (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. A^ ; anten. lin. 16 ; proth. lin. 4 ; 
mesoth. lin. 8^^ ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 13^ +lin. 15 
= lin. 28i. 

Hub. In Insulis Maris Pacifici : " New Hebrides " (JV/r. 
Mare); " Loyalty Island " (.Sir Geo. Grey). B.M. 

This fine species has the surface of the body glossy and 
sUghtly irregular, with minute tubercles and unequal, small, 
elevated spaces. The head is of moderate size, the hinder 
part of the crown with four large erect spines. The an- 
tennoe are about 20-jointed, the basal joint of moderate 
size, the terminal joints gradually longer and more slender. 
The prothorax is considerably wider than the head, with a 
deep transverse impression before the middle ; the sides 
are armed with strong teeth, of which there are also several 
arranged in pairs on the disc. The mesothorax is nearly 
square, but rather longer than wide, with two strong spines 
near the fore end, the sides widely, and the disc more 

* The writer here evidently alludes to two articles by the late 
George Newport in the Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 
vol. XV. p. 281, No. 98, April 1845, and vol. six. p. 145. No. 125, 
March 184 7. The reader will observe numerous instances in the 
present work of the diminished size of one or other of the legs, inva- 
riably regarded by Newport in all such cases as reproductions. 



sparingly spined. The metathorax is considerably dilated, 
and strongly spined at the sides ; the disc with a few small 
spines and tubercles. The abdomen is elongate, subcylin- 
dric in the male, with the segments of nearly equal size ; 
the terminal one emarginate at the tip, with two oval styles ; 
the basal segments in both sexes have a pair of tubercles 
close to the hinder margin ; the abdomen of the female is 
long and gradually attenuated from the base to the apex, 
the eighth and ninth segments being carinated, and the 
latter as long as the three preceding segments united ; the 
operculum is simple, and does not extend to the tip of the 
ninth dorsal segment. The legs are rather short and 
strong, nearly alike in both sexes ; the femora thick, an- 
gulated, and serrated on each edge ; the tibiae are strong, 
and widely serrated on the inner edge. The prosternum 
is very short ; the mesosternum separated into two parts 
by a transverse impression, flat, glossy, simple, with a row 
of six small spines on each side at the lower edge of the 
deflexed flanks ; the metasternum is flat, glossy, having 
four or five small spines on each side of the disc towards 
the anterior angles ; the abdominal segments in the male 
are rather swollen, in the female simple and convex ; the 
seventh segment with a longitudinal raised line down the 
centre. 

Plate II. Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
three terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 1 b. 
The abdomen of the male seen from above. 1 c. The three 
terminal segments seen from beneath. 1 d. The same seen 
laterally. 1 e. The hind leg of the male. 

3. (175.) Eurycantlia micrantha. 

Mas. " Longueur 3 pouces ; antennes 2 pouces. Brun ; 
il a la tete, le corselet, I'abdomen dans les memes formes 
et les memes proportions que le K. horridum, mais il a les 
antennes plus longues, les e'pines plus rares et plus courtes, 
les cuisses non renflees, garnies par dessous de quatre 
petites epines ; les jambes posterieures moius arque'es." 

Foem. " Longueur 4 pouces \. EUe ressemble plus a la 
femelle du K. horridum, mais elle s'en distingue au premier 
coup d'oeil par ses cuisses non renfle'es, la brievete' de ses 
epines et sa couleur brune claire. 

" Les moeurs de cette espece paraissent les memes que 
eelles de la precedente K. horridum." 

Karabidion micranthum, Montromier, op. cit. sup. p. 85. 
Hab. Woodlark Island. 

4. (176.) Eurycantha Scorpionides. 
Mas. "Longueur 15 lignes ; antennes 12 a 14 lignes. 
Filiforme, cyUndrique, deux e'pines sur la tete, quatre sur 



PHASMID/E. EURYCANTIIA. 



65 



le prothoras, cinq de chaque cote sur le mesothorax, et un 
double au milieu, vers rextremite, en forme de Y ; cinq en 
ligne transversale sur le metathorax, une derriere et une 
sur le milieu de chacun des cinq premiers segments de 
1' abdomen ; cuisses non renflees, legerement epineuses ; 
antennes se'tacees. Roux." 

Foem. " Facies du K. horridum, sauf les cuisses qui ne 
sont pas renflees, la taille qui n'excede pas 22 lignes, et la 
couleur qui varie de cendre au roux, avec une ligne longi- 
tudinale, brune sur le dos. Deux dpines sur la tete, quatre 
sur le prothorax en deux rangs ; quatre de cliaque cote 
sur le mesothorax, et trois doubles en Y entre elles ; six 
sur le metathorax et deux en dessous. Une triple rangee 
sur les cinq premiers segments de 1' abdomen. Une seule 
petite epine sur le milieu des sixieme et septieme. Cuisses 
l^gerement epineuses. Antennes moins longues que celles 
du male. 

" Cette espece a de grands rapports de forme chez le 
male avec les Bacteries, mais ses nombreuses epines et la 
forme de la femelle, que je suis bien siir etre la sienne, le 
doivent placer a cote du K. horridum. Je I'ai appele 
Scorpionides a cause de I'habitude qui le male a de re- 
courber sa queue en haut comme les Scorpions." 
Karabidlon Scorpionides, Montrutizier, op. cit. suj). p. 85. 

Hab. Woodlark Island. 

5. (177.) Eurycantha australis. 
Plate I. fig. 1, male ; fig. 2, female. 

Crassa, elongata, subcylindrica, inermis ; abdominis late- 
ribus inermibus ; pedibus brevibus, quatuor anticis iner- 
mibus, duobus posticis in mare maximis, femoribus subtus 
fortiter 2-et 1-spinosis, tibiisque curvatis ; operculo faminas 
anum superante, articulum apicalem simulante ; ejusdem 
sexus segmeuto apicali brevi postice emarginato (mas et 
foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, une. 4, lin. 5 ; anten. lin. IG ; proth. 
lin. 5 ; mesoth. lin. 10 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 18 + 
lin. 7 = lin. 25. 

Long. Corp. fcem. une. &\ ; anten. lin. 18 ; proth. lin. 6 ; 
mesoth. lin. 10; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 23 + lin. 9 + 
operc. apice lin. 2i=lin. 34y. 
Karabidion australe, Montrouzier, op. cit. sup. p. 86. 

Hab. Lord Howe's Island (D. MacgiUivray). B.M. 

Male pitchy, slightly varied with chestnut, and glossy ; 
female more chestnut-coloured, with the sides more luteous. 
The head is almost square, marked in the female with a 
dark cordate spot between the eyes, and six longitudinal dark 
stripes on the hinder part ; in each sex there are two minute 



punctures on the front part of the crown. The antennae ex- 
tend to the extremity of the fore tarsi. The prothorax is some- 
what larger than the head, the mesothorax twice the length 
of the prothorax, and the metathorax about three-fourths 
of the length of the mesothorax, but wider, with the sides 
swollen, especially in the male, and armed with small spines. 
The abdomen in the male is narrower than the thorax, 
with the sides nearly parallel ; it is as broad as the thorax 
in the female, with the segments gradually attenuated from 
the middle to the tip ; it is bright chestnut-coloured, very 
glossy, with the six basal segments varied with small irre- 
gular black spots arranged in two series on each side of 
the median line, and au oblique impressed line on each side. 
The male has the body beneath pitchy, glossy, destitute of 
tubercles, and with the margins of the abdominal segments 
paler luteous. The under side of the body of the female 
is glabrous, destitute of tubercles, paler luteous-chestnut, 
with the middle and hind part of the prosteruum, the hind 
part of the mesosternum, and the middle of the meta- 
sternum darker chestnut. The terminal segment of the 
body is truncate in the male, with the outer angles pro- 
duced, and armed beneath with minute transverse teeth ; 
it is also notched in the middle, and is furnished beneath 
with two small oval lobes ; the three terminal ventral seg- 
ments in this sex are simple. The terminal segment of the 
abdomen in the female is small, suboval, emarginate in the 
middle. The operculum extends beneath and beyond the 
three terminal segments. The four anterior legs are nearly 
similar in size in both sexes, but the hind pair in the male 
have the femora enormously dilated, carinated above and 
toothed beneath ; the tibiae greatly bent, and shutting upon 
the femora beneath and between the strong teeth ; the two 
hind femora in the female are but slightly thickened and 
spined beneath. 

A young specimen of the female in the British Museum 
Collection measures 2j inches in length, and has the oper- 
culum not extending beyond half the length of the ninth 
dorsal segment. It agrees in general form with the full- 
grown female, except in being somewhat more slender. 

Plate I. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
three terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 
1 b. Ditto seen from beneath. 

Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. The three terminal 
segments of the body seen sideways. 



6. (178.) Eui'ycantha olivacea, TTestw. 
Plate II. fig. 8. 
Obscure nigro-olivacea, parum nitida, parce granulosa ; 
meso- et metathorace angulato-dilatatis, singulo supra tu- 



66 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



berculo magiio conico pro])e inarginem posticum instructo ; 
abdoniiue angusto, subcylindrico ; pedibus brevibus, crassis ; 
femoribus 4 posticis subtus dentatis (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 2^ ; anten. liii. 12 ; proth. lin. 2 ; me- 
soth. lin. 5i; metath. lin. 5| ; abdom. lin.!) + lin. 2\ = 
lin. Hi. 

Hab. Ceylon. B.M. 

Dark olive-green, slightly glossy, with the two large co- 
nical tubercles on the thorax glossy black ; the thighs ob- 
scure luteous, with the tips olivaceous. Head subquadrate, 
emarginate in front, the upper surface with a few small 
tubercles arranged symmetrically. Antennse not so long 
as the thorax, 20-jointed. Prothorax with the anterior 
angles acute and porrected, the disc with two small tuber- 
cles in front of the middle. Mesothorax gradually dilated 
to twice the width of the head, and augulated in front of 
the insertion of the middle legs ; the lateral margins ser- 
rated, the disc rugose, with two small tubercles close to the 
anterior angles, two others close together on the disc in 
front of the middle, and a large conical erect tubercle, bifid 
at its top, near the hind margin. The metathorax very 



broad, and augulated in front of the hind legs ; the lateral 
margins serrated, and the disc behind the middle furnished 
with another large, conical, erect tubercle, similarly bifid 
at its top. The abdomen scarcely wider than the head, 
with simple joints ; the seventh slightly widened, the ninth 
slightly emarginate at its extremity. The body beneath is 
varied with dirty luteous, and is glossy. The mesosternum 
is convex, with a row of slightly elevated small tubercles on 
each side. The metasternum irregular and glossy, with 
several tubercles, and the abdominal segments simple ; 
the seventh and eighth ventral segments are very short ; 
the ninth large and operculiform, augulated at its base be- 
neath ; the extremity of the dorsal segment armed with 
two very short small styles. The legs are short and robust ; 
the fore legs simple, the four posterior femora dilated and 
dentated beneath ; the four hind tibiae subcompressed and 
slightly angulated near the base and apex on the inner 
margin. 

Plate II. Fig. S. The male, of the natural size. 2 «. The 
upper portion of the body seen laterally. 2 i. The terminal 
segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 



PIIASMID.E. 



67 



Division II. PTEROPHASMINA. 



Pterophasmina, G. R. Gray, Sijn. Phastri. p. 21. 
Phasmata subaptera, P. depressa, et P. alata, Licht. 

Pursuing the principle laid down in the introductory 
observations of this work, we have now arrived at those 
groups which in their imago state acquire more or less per- 
fectly developed organs of flight, either in both sexes or in 
the males, the females being in the latter case either en- 
tirely destitute of even rudimentary wings and wing-covers, 
or having them very small. In all cases, however, except 
indeed in the females of the singular genus PhylUum, the 
tegmina are of small size, and incapable of forming a 
defence to the wings ; to supply which want, a ])rovision 
is made in the anterior area of the hind wings being of a 
more coriaceous nature than the hinder portion, the former 
being moreover longitudinally veined, whilst in the posterior 
area the veins are arranged like the ribs of a fan ; so that 
this portion of the wing alone folds up, and is then covered 
1)}' the flattened costal area. In Phi/I/ium, however, by a 
singular modification, the wing-covers of the females, when 
shut, are so large that they nearly cover the abdomen, — a 
beautiful adaptation indeed, since the delicate texture of the 
dorsal membrane of the hind part of the broad and flattened 
body, as well as the large mass of eggs which it contains, 
require more defence than could have been afforded either 
l)y abbrenated tegmina, or wings even of large size folded 
u]i in the ordinary manner. Hence, as well as from the 
sluggish habits of these insects, the inutility of a pair of 
membranous wings ; and we accordingly find them reduced 
to mere rudiments (except in one species described by De 
Haan). The males, on the other hand, have the true 
wings of large size and very delicate in structure, with the 
costal area itself quite membranous ; but yet the tegmina, 
preserving the true family character, are only of small size, 
and useless as means of defence to the wings. 

Some difficulty will doubtless be experienced in respect 
to specimens of winged species not yet arrived at maturity, 
in which the wings and wing- covers only appear in a very 
rudimental state, as contrasted with others in which these 
organs, in the final state, are also merely rudimentary. I 
believe, however, that a careful examination of their struc- 
ture will sufficiently exhibit the difference between these 
organs in the two different conditions of existence. In 
Plate XXVII. fig. 4, I have represented the pupa of a 
winged species, in which the rudimental wings extend as 
far back as the hind margin of the metanotum : they are, 
however, not free in their movement, and quite different 
in texture from the wings of, for instance, the species 



Phasmodea, sect. 2 et 3, Ihtrm. Ilandh. J. Eat. o. c. 
Phasma, sect. 1 et 2, Be Haan, o. c. 107. 

figured in the following Plate (XXVIII. fig. 4), or the 
female represented in Plate XI. fig. 2. The condition of 
the organs of flight in the immature states of the genus 
Ph/lUum is represented in Plate XXXI. 

Another difficulty results from our imperfect knowledge 
of the opposite sexes in so great a proportion of the species 
described in this work. The great diversity in the sexes 
of many of the insects described by the earlier writers upon 
the family, led them not only to consider the males as 
distinct species from the females, but also as belonging to 
different genera placed in different sections of the family. 
Wherever it has been possible, this difficulty has been cleared 
up in the present work : but there are many male insects 
described in the following pages, especially in the genera 
Necroscia and Phasma, which in all probability possess 
wingless partners ; whilst it is equally probable that many 
of the wingless female insects already described in the pre- 
ceding pages, especially in the genus Bacteria, may prove 
to possess winged males. The study of such species as 
Monandroptera immcans, and the remarkable insect which 
I have described under the name of Prostasis, is especially 
instructive — showing, in the latter case, that a female 
insect, which maybe completely mistaken for a female Ba- 
cillus, possesses a winged male. The classification of the 
species can only therefore, at present, be regarded as ap- 
proximate ; nor will it be perfected until we are acquainted 
with a far greater number of the true pairs of the species 
than we are able at present to determine. 

Following the order suggested by the amount of alary 
development, the following arrangement commences with 
those groups in which the wing-covers and wings are deve- 
loped in the slightest degree, and terminates with those in 
which they are of large size, and fitted for flight in both 
sexes. A character connected with the organs of flight, of 
some importance, but which has not hitherto received so 
much attention as it deserves, and which must be given to 
it when the knowledge of the sexes of the different species 
is more extended, exists in the furcation or simplicity of 
the main vein of the costal area of the wings ; the furcate 
character occurring occasionally in both sexes, and some- 
times only in the females. 

Considerably greater importance has been given to the 
possession or absence of ocelli, as affording sectional divisions 
in the family, than I am disposed to concede to this pecu- 
liarity; these organs being sometimes scarcely capable of 

K 2 



CATALOGUE OF ORTIIOPTEKOUS INSECTS. 



being distinguisliecl from small frontal tubercles, whilst in 
other instances they are of large size. Species also which 
are otherwise closely allied together, are either furnished 
with, or want these organs. Oue instance also occurs, in 
Ph. Cneiiis, in which some of the male specimens possess, 
whilst others want, the ocelli. 

The comparative lengths of the parts of the thorax, which 
has been relied upon as a primary divisional character in 
the family, in like manner appears to me to be of compa- 
ratively little generic value : that it is, on the contrary, of 
high specific importance, will be at once perceived from the 
uniform employment I have made of it in my specific cha- 
racters and measurements. 

Genus 13. ANOPHELEPIS, TTestw. 

Body elongate, depressed or subdepressed in the female, 
more or less spined. Head without ocelh. Mesothorax 
several times longer than the prothorax. Metathorax not 
so long as the mesothorax. Tegmina (when present) as 
well as the wings reduced to minute scales. Legs long, or 
of moderate length. 

Inhabit the Old and New World and Australia. 

1 have here arranged together, provisionally, several 
species which agree in the minute size of the organs of 
flight, in what I regard as the final state of their existence. 
In the species from India and Mexico the tegmina are not 
at all developed, whilst they exist in a very small and ru- 
dimental state in the Australian species. In other respects 
the species have close relations with other groups. The 
female of A. vittata approaches Pijyorhjnchus ; A. de- 
specta, without regard to its rudimental wings, would be 
arranged in Acanthoderus ; whilst some of the Australian 
species resemble Bacilli. 

1. (179.) Anophelepis despecta, Westw. 
Plate III. fig. 6, male ; fig. 1, immature female? 

Mas. GraciUs, cylindricus ; capitis margins postico tu- 
bercuhs elevatis instructo ; mesothorace spinis circiter 12, 
per paria irregulariter dispositis ; metanoto squaniis duabus 
elytriformibus, lateribus tuberculis minutis instructis ; ab- 
domine gracillimo, apice clavato ; pedibus longis, gracilibus ; 
femoribus apicem versus subtus spinis tribus aut quatuor 
minutis armatis ; segmento nono ventrali in medio inflato, 
apice rotundato, ad apicem segnienti noni dorsalis extenso ; 
hoc angulis apicalibns deflexis, subtus sty lis duobus instructo. 

Foemina. Aptera, subcylindrica, latitudine fere sequali ; 
fusco-nigricaus, oj)aca, subscabra ; capite postice quadrato, 
serieque ])ostica tuberculorum parvorum instructo ; thorace 
fere abdominis longitudine ; pronoto spinulis minutis ar- 



mato ; mesothorace lateribus spinulosis, dorso 12spiuoso, 
spinis 2 anticis majoribus et approximatis, 2, 2, 2 distanti- 
bus, et 4 posticis approximatis, ultimis 2 compositis ; meta- 
thorace oblongo, lateribus spinulosis, dorso in medio spinis 
duabus squamisque duabus liberis elytriformibus ; segmen- 
tis abdominalibus tuberculo elevato in medio marginis . 
postici, in segmentis basalibus fere obliterato, segmento 
ultimo trilobo, oviductu subtus in medio carinato ; pedi- 
bus mediocribus, intermediis parum brevioribus ; femoribus 
ad apicem iutus spinulosis ; tarsis articulo basali abbre- 
viato, prsesertim in pedibus 4 posticis. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 'i^ ; anten. unc. 2f ; proth. lin. 
2\; mesoth. lin. 9 j ; metath. lin. 5; abdom. lin. 14 -h 
lin. 4i=lin. 18i. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 41 ; ca]). lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 4 ; 
mesoth. hn. 12 ; metath. lin. 7; abdom. lin. 20-t-hu. 6 = 
lin. 20. 

Phasma (Acanthoderus) despectum, Westivood, Cabinet 
Orient. Ent. p. 80. pi. 39. f. 5 (fem.). 

Hab. Northern India ; Sylhet. B.M., &c. 

The general colour is brunneous grey ; the head, -wing- 
scales, and femora dirty buff ; the extremity of the abdo- 
men paler coloured. The body beneath is destitute of 
spines or tubercles. 

Plate III. Fig. 6. The male, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
teirainal segments of the abdomen seen from beneath, fi b. 
The same seen sideways. 

Plate III. fig. 1 represents an insect in the British Mu- 
seum Collection which I had at first regarded as the female 
of a distinct species, and had proposed to name An. Cres- 
phontes, the operculum being as fully developed as in the 
full-sized females of An. despecta. It, however, so closely 
agrees in all its general characters with the females oi An. 
despecta (differing only in the slighter development of the 
tubercles, spines, and leaflets), that I think it more prudent 
to consider it as a small female of that species. The body 
is pale luteous opake brown, with the wing-scales pale vellow 
with a black line on each side ; the legs are slightly varied 
with small brown points ; the body beneath is concolorous 
and similarly rugose ; the thoracic and abdominal segments 
marked with two longitudinal raised lines on each side. 

Plate III. Fig. 1. The insect, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

2. (180.) Anophelepis Scythrus, JJ'estw. 
Plate II. fig. 3. 
Elongata, cylindrica, opaca, obscure fusca ; capite pos- 
tice, prothorace, mesothorace antice et postice et meta- 
thorace in medio spiuosis, hoc etiam in medio tegminibus 



PHASMID.E. ANOPHELEPIS. 



69 



duobus ovalibus iustructo ; pedibus brevibus ; femoribus 
apicem versus crassioribus et subtus spiuosis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2\; anten. lin. 12; proth. lin. 2 ; me- 
soth. lin. Gi; metath. lin. 3i; abdom. lin. 11 + lin. 3 = 
lin. 1-4. 

Hab. In Mexico. B.M. 

Opake dull brown ; elongate, cylindrical, the meso- and 
metatliorax being rather dilated in their hind part. The 
head is tuberculated in its hind part. The antennae are 
multiarticulate, the basal joint of moderate size. The pro- 
thorax is armed with three pairs of erect spines and smaller 
lateral tubercles. The mesothorax is long and slender, 
except at its hind part, which is dilated ; it is armed with 
several spines at its anterior and posterior parts, two of 
larger size being close together and adjoining the hind 
margin. The metathorax bears two erect spines a little in 
advance of its middle, and immediately behind these are 
two minute elytriform scales lying close upon the back, of 
a pale rosy colour with a black line down the middle of 
each ; the hind part of the metathorax is dilated, with the 
sides spined in front of the hind legs. The abdomen is 
long, slender, and cylindrical, with the seventh joint gra- 
dually widened at the hind part, and the eighth gradually 
narrowed to its extremity ; the ninth segment is widened 
behind, with its outer angles deflexed and bent inwards, the 
inner edge being armed with strong spines set transversely, 
and furnished with two hirsute styles ; the terminal ventral 
segments not extending beyond the eighth dorsal segment. 
The legs are rather short, with the femora thickened to- 
wards the tips ; the anterior femora are curved at the base, 
and the inner edge is armed with three small spines near 
the tip ; the middle and hind femora are armed with 
several smaller and two larger spines next the tip. All the 
tibiee are simple. The body beneath is paler brown, opake, 
with the segm.ents simple, covered with very minute whitish 
points, which are more numerons on the anterior part of 
the mesosternum. 

Is it possible that this can be the male of the next 
species ? 

Plate II. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
head and thoracic segments seen laterally. 3 b. The four 
teriiiinal segments of the body seen sideways. 3 c. The 
same seen from beneath. 3 il. The last segment, with its 
teeth and styles, seen from behind. 

3. (181.) Anophelepis vittata, JJ'estw. 
Plate III. fig. 3. 
Fusca, albido-vittata, vitta media longitudinali magis di- 
stincta, granulosa, granulis tuberculisque albidis ; lata, sub- 



depressa ; mesothorace in medio elevato-biangulato ; me- 
tathorace squamis duabus elytriformibus ; pedibus brevibus, 
tuberculatis ; operculo segmentum apicale abdominis supe- 
rante (ftem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3^; (anten. apice detritse;) proth. lin. 2; 
mesoth. lin. 9i ; metath. lin. 4f ; abdom. lin. 14 + lin. .5i 
=lin. 19^. 

Hah. In Mexico. B.M. et Saunders. 

This sjjecies is distinguished by its wide flattened form, 
its granulated surface, and the pale longitudinal stripes on 
the upper surface of its body. The head is armed with 
small ]>ointed tubercles, as well as the prothorax, on which 
those next the median line arc larger and arranged in pairs. 
The antennse are broken off at the twenty-second joint. The 
mesothorax is considerably dilated at the sides in the middle, 
the lateral margins being serrated ; in the widest part the 
disk is raised into two elevated conical tubercles ; beyond 
the middle it is narrowed, but is again dilated at the place 
of insertion of the middle legs. The metathorax is ob- 
long, serrated at the edges, dilated at the base of the hind 
legs, and furnished on the middle of its upper side with two 
small elytriform scales. The abdomen is wide, with the 
sides of each segment dilated, the disk with a longitudinal 
raised vitta and several longitudinal lateral darker lines and 
marks ; the three terminal segments are considerably nar- 
rower than the rest ; the ninth is entire, and furnished at 
the sides with a pair of small styles ; the operculum ex- 
tends beyond the ninth dorsal segment, appearing like an 
extra joint from above. The legs are short and robust ; 
the two fore femora are curved at the base ; the four poste- 
rior are tuberculated along the fore edge and irregularly 
serrated beneath ; the tibise are slightly dilated within near 
the base, the outer edge slightly and irregularly lobed. 
The body beneath is opake and entirely covered with very 
minute whitish granules. 

Plate III. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 n. The 
head and thoracic segments seen from the side. 3 b. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen from the side. 

4. (182.) Anophelepis Telesphorus. 
Plate VIII. fig. 3, male; fig. 7, female. 
Albido-lutea (mas) vel brunnea (fceni.), filiformis (mas) 
vel subfiliformis (fcem.), inermis, sublsevis (mas) velgra- 
nulata (fcem.) ; tegminibus duobus mesothoracis lutes- 
centibus areolatis nigro punctatis ; alis brevissimis, chaly- 
beis nitidis ; area costali basi sanguinea, apice viridi, nigro 
niaculato ; pedibus quatuor posticis femoribus serratis. 
Long. corp. maris, circ. unc. 3 ; anten. lin. 12 ; proth. 



70 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



liu. 1| ; mesoth. lin. 7 ; tnetath. lin. 5 ; abdoniiuis segm. 
6 basalibus, lin. 1 7^- 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 4^ ; anten. ? ; protli. lin. 2i ; 

mesoth. lin. 11 ; metath. lin. 6-J ; abdom. lin. 21| + lia. 7 
=lin. 281. 

Hub. Li Australia occidentali et Swan River. B.M. 

Tiie male is very slender, cylindrical, smooth, pale lu- 
teous buff. The antennae are rather longer than the fore 
femora. The mesothorax is marked with two very fine 
black lines dovra each side. The tegmina are small, nar- 
rowly ovate, pale luteous-coloured, areolated, with small 
black dots enclosed in the areolae. The wings are minute, 
steel-blue and glossy ; the costal area greenish at the ex- 
tremity with black dots, sanguineous at the base. Tlie ab- 
domen is slender (the three terminal segments are wanting 
in the unique male in the National Collection) ; the basal 
segments have a rudimental lobe almost indistinct in the 
middle of the hind margin of each. The legs are long and 
slender, the four hind ones finely serrated on the under 
side of the femora. 

The female is more robust and brown, with the meso- 
thorax and abdominal segments granulose ; the tegmina 
and wings are coloured as in the male ; the middle of the 
central abdominal segments is more distinctly lobed ; the 
terminal segment is slightly notched in the middle, with 
the two very short thick anal styles visible at the sides. 
The operculum scarcely extends beyond the base of the 
ninth dorsal segment. The legs are shorter and more ro- 
bust ; the four hind femora are more strongly serrated on 
the under edge. 

Plate VIIL Fig. 3. The male, of the natmal size. 
Fig. 7- The female, of the natural size. 1 u. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



5. (183.) Anophelepis Periphanes, Westw. 
Plate VIIL fig. 2. 

Elongata, gracilis, subparallela, lutea, Isevis, impuuctata ; 
abdomine e basi ad apieem attenuate ; operculo brevi, stylis 
duobus analibus valde elongatis ; mesothorace et lateribus 
metathoracis granulatis ; tegminibus alisque minutis rudi- 
mentalibus instructis ; femoribus 4 posticis infra spinulis 
minutis nigris inter medium et apieem armatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3i ; cap. lin. 2i ; anten. ? ; proth. 

lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 7; metath. lin. 3| ; abdom. lin. 19 -\- 
lin. 5=lin. 24 ; styl. anal. lin. 4. 

Hah. In Australia. B.M. 

This species agrees so entirely in all respects, size in- 



cluded, with the females of Bacillus Peristhenes, that I 
was, at first, tempted to believe that the unique speci- 
men in the British Museum Collection was one which had 
acquired an extra development in its transformations. The 
abdomen is attenuated from the base to the apex, where it 
is furnished with a pair of anal styles as long as the eighth 
and ninth dorsal segments ; it is of a luteous colour, smooth, 
impunctate, but not glabrous. The head has a rather deep 
impression between the eyes. The mesothorax is finely 
granulated, and furnished at its hinder extremity with a 
pair of minute oval tegmina. The metathorax is also fur- 
nished with two minute rudimental wings, extending a very 
short distance beyond the extremity of the tegmina. The 
four hind femora are armed beneath, between the middle 
and the tip, with two to four minute spines ; the tibiae are 
slender and simple. The operculum is small, scarcely ex- 
tending beyond the middle of the eighth dorsal segment. 
The antennai and two fore legs are wanting in the single 
female specimen which I have examined. 

Plate VIII. Fig. 2. The female, of the natiu'al size. 2 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Note. — The reference made, in p. 13, of this figure to the 
female of Bacillus Peristhenes must be expunged. 



6. (184.) Anophelepis Rhipheus, JVestw. 
Plate VIIL fig. 10. 

Fusca, albido granulosa, lineisque elevatis gracilibus lon- 
gitudinalibus ornata ; capite tuberculis duobus parvis nigris 
inter oculos ; antennis perbrevibus, circiter 1 5-articulatis ; 
mesothorace spinis paucis irregularibus armato ; tegmini- 
bus alisque brevissimis rudimentalibus ; abdomine e basi 
ad apieem sensim attenuato, apice integro ; pedibus medio- 
cribus, femoribus auticis crassioribus, antice 5 ant 6 spinis 
serrulatis, quatuor posticis prope apieem spinis 2 aut 3 mi- 
nutis instructis (foem.). 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 2i ; anten. lin. 3f ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 3|; abdom. lin. 13i-|-lin. 5 = 
lin. 18i. 

Hab. Swan River, Australia occidentali. B.M. 

Brown, covered with minute whitish granules, and 
marked with slender raised longitudinal lines. The head 
with two small black tubercles between the eyes. The an- 
tennae not twice the length of the head, about 1 5-jointed ; 
the basal joint broad, ovate and depressed. The meso- 
thorax is armed with several irregular spines. The tegmina 
and wings are very small and rudimental. The abdomen 
is gradually narrowed from the base to the extremity. 



PHASMID.E. PHIBALOSOMA. 



which is rounded aud entire, exposing the two broad setose 
anal styles ; the upper surface is varied with slender lon- 
gitudinal raised lines. The operculum does not extend 
beyond the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. The 
fore legs have the femora rather thickened, with five or six 
serratures on the inner edge ; the four hind legs are rather 
slender, with two or three minute spines on the under side 
near the tip. 

A somewhat larger specimen than the one represented in 
Plate VIII. fig. 10, has the fore femora armed with only 
three serratures, and the hind femora have three small 
equidistant spines between the base and middle of the 
upper edges. 

Plate VIII. Fig. 10. The female, of the natural size. 10 a. 
The extremity of the ninth dorsal segment of the abdomen 
with the anal styles, seen from above. 10 b. Tlie terminal 
segments of the abdomen seen sidewavs. 



7. (185.) Anophelepis Xiphias, Westic. 
Plate IV. fig. 4, male ; fig. 5, female. 

Elongata, gracilis (mas gracillimus), ohscura, tota brun- 
nea, Isevis ; mesonoto et basi metanoti creberrime gra- 
nulatis ;• antennis pedibus anticis longioribus, albido 4-an- 
nulatis ; metanoto fceminse squamis duabus parvis ovali- 
bus tegminiformibus ; operculo (cum stylis duobus com- 
pressis apice acuminatis filamentisque duobus) apicem ab- 
dominis longe superante ; articulo basali tarsorum ad basin 
incrassato (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 3^ ; anten. unc. 3| ; proth. liu. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 41 ; abdom. lin. IS 4-lin. 3 = 
lin. 21. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 4f ; anten. unc. 3f ; proth. lin. 3 ; 
mesoth. lin. 13 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 24 -f lin. 4^ 
4-operc. apic. lin. 44=lin. 33. 

Hub. Amboyna {Madame Ada Pfeiffer). B.M., &c. 

Long and slender ; the male very slender and filiform, 
entirely of an obscure red-brown colour, with the surface of 
the body smooth, except the upper surface of the meso- 
thorax and base of the metathorax, which are densely 
covered with very minute granules. The head is of mode- 
rate size and unarmed. The metanotum of the male is 
simple ; but that of the female is furnished with two 
minute, free, moveable, oval, reticulated scales, resembling 
rudimental tegmina. The abdomen is long and simple ; 
'ihe terminal segments in the male are short, forming an 
oval mass, the last terminated by two small lobes exposing 
the short caudal styles. The terminal segments of the 
female exhibit a structure I have rarelv met with in the 



family : the ninth segment has its apical outer angles 
rounded, with the short anal styles visible at the sides ; 
the extremity is slightly emarginate, exposing a minute ter- 
minal rounded lobe. The operculum is long and deeply 
incised at the tip ; it extends far beyond the terminal seg- 
ment, and is accompanied on either side by a slender com- 
pressed elongated style, channelled externally, with a deep 
slit at its apical end, and vrith the extremity of its upper 
edge prolonged into a spine, detached and lying outside of 
the upper edge of the lower division ; within the space thus 
formed lie two long and flattened slender filaments, nearly 
as long as the operculum, incurved towards their tips. The 
legs are long, slender, aud simple ; all the tarsi, however, 
have a small node at the base of the first joint, which is 
setose on the under side. 

Plate IV. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
terminal segment of the abdomen seen from above. 4 b. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. The last segment 
of the abdomen with its appendages seen from above. 5 b. 
The three terminal segments with their appendages seen 
sideways. 5 c. The same seen from beneath. 

The appendages of the operculum of the female are 
similar to those in Ph. Zeiixis, as well as in Ph. galnc- 
pteruni, Macklottii, aud Hadrillus. 



Genus 14. PHIBALOSOMA. 

Phibalosoma (male), Cladoxerus (male), and Cladomorphus 

(female), G. R. Gray, Serville. 
Cladoxerus, Biirmeister, Serville. 

Males with wing-covers aud wings. Females apterous. 
Head destitute of ocelli. Legs long, and generally spined. 

Males very long, slender, and cylindrical. IMesothorax 
several times longer than the prothorax. Metathorax 
shorter than the mesothorax. Tegmina small, much shorter 
than the metathorax, oval. Wings small, or of moderate 
size. 

Females more robust, with much shorter legs. Ovi- 
duct generally extending beyond the extremity of the 
abdomen. 

Considering the possession of a pair of wings in the 
males and the absence of alary organs in the females as the 
leading character of this group, we find several dis'inct 
types of structure among the males as well as amongst the 
much fewer females with which we are acquainted. The 
males of Phibalosoma serratipes and Hypharpax, for in- 
stance, have the terminal dorsal segment of the body 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



72 

elongated, pointed, and bifid at the tip ; whereas in the 
Aiistrahan Ph. Caprella, the Manilla Ph. longicorne, and 
the New World species allied to Ph.gracile, it is of the usual 
shape, and in the Brazilian Ph. Le Peletierii it is greatly 
elongated : on the other hand, the females of Ph. Pytho- 
nins have the oviduct twice the length of the three termnial 
segments of the body, and in Ph. Le Peletierii, fem., it ex- 
tends a short distance beyond the extremity of the abdo- 
men ; whilst in Ph. Acanfhopus, fem., it is not visible at all 
from above, the terminal dorsal segment being truncated. 
Corresponding variations may possibly be simultaneous m 
both sexes of the different types of form, but they do not 
appear to be concurrent with the geographical distribution 
of the species. The males of some of the smaller species 
approximate very closely to some of the more slender 
species of Necroscia, and it is not improbable that it will 
be found necessary to remove them to that genus or to 
Phasma, should their females prove to be winged. 

In the uncertainty which exists as to the apterous or 
winged condition of the females of the types of the genus 
Cladoxerus {CI. serratipes, gracilis, &c.), I have preferred 
retaining the generic name given by Mr. G. R. Gray to the 
male of the Brazilian species (PA. Le Peletierii). Hence, if 
these females should ultimately prove to be winged, it will 
be necessary to remove them from the genus and restore 
to them the generic name of Cladoxerus. 

1. (186.) Phibalosoma Le Peletierii. 
Mas. GraciUimus, cylindrlcus, cinereus ; mesothorace tu- 
berculis parvis nigris, hnea tenuissinia utrinque laterali 
pallide rosea ; alls albo-hyalinis, area costali grisea, vena 
mediaua longe ante ai)icein cum sequente convexa ; abdo- 
minis apice clavato, segniento ultimo ventrali in operculum 
semicylindricum valde elongatum desinente. 

Fcem. Albo-cincrea ; antennis supra albidis, subtus ni- 
gris; capite thoraceque scaberrimis ; pedibus longis, crassis ; 
femoribus tibiisque 4 posticis subtus spinosis, illis subtus 
prope basin spinis 1 aut 2 crassis, his in medio snpra 
foholo instructis, segmento 4to abdominis supra ad apicem 
foliaceo ; operculo elongato, ovali, margine multisinuato ; 
stylis duobus filifonnibus ejusdem longitucUnis curvatis in- 
structo. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. .5J ; cap.hn. 2 ; anten. lin. 36 ; 
proth. lin. 2| ; mesoth. hn. 13 ; metath. lin. 12 ; abdom. 
lin. 27-1-hn. 4 -f operc. lin. 7i = 38i ; tegm. lin. 5 ; alar, 
expans. unc. 4^. 

Long. corp. fcem. unc. 9 ; cap. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 5 ; me- 
soth. lin. 24 ; metath. lin. 16 ; abdom. hn. 49 -|- lin. 8-f 
operc. apic. lin. 4=lin. 61. 



Biirmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 572 (Cladoxerus 

phyllinus). 
Charpentier, Orth.Bescr. t. 34 mas, t. 35 fcem. 
(Mas) Phibalosoma Lepelletierii, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. 
p. 14. 

Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 249. 
(Foem.) Cladomorphus phyllinus, G.R.Gray, Syn. Phasm. 
p. 14. 

Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 225. 

Brulle, H. N. Lis. t. ix. p. 108 (Orth. pi. 8, baud 
edita). 
(Larva) Cladomorphus dilatipes, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. 
p. 15. 

Hab. In Brasiha. B.M., &c. 

1 have adopted the usual plan, where the sexes of a spe- 
cies have been described under different names, of retaining 
that of the male in preference to that of the female, although 
the latter has been employed for both the sexes by Bur- 
meister and Charpentier. I have the greater pleasure in 
doing this, as commemorative of the name of my late friend 
the Count Le Peletier de Saint Fargeau, one of the most 
ardent and laborious of entomologists. 

The elongated operculum of the male, with the remark- 
able arrangement of the chief veins of the costal area, are 
characters which I have not observed in any other species 
of the family. 



2. (187.) Phibalosoma ceratocephaliim. 
Plate XXXVI. fig. 2. 

Albo-cinereum, rugosum ; capite bifoliaceo ; thorace 
scabro; pedibus brevibus, anticorum femoribus et tibiis 
foliato-compressis ; femoribus 4 posticis crassis dentatis, 
apice tibiisque foliolis instructis, tarsorum articulo primo 
dilatato erecto ; mesonoti margine postico, medio metanoti, 
segmentoque 4'° abdominali foliolis parvis instructis ; oper- 
culo ex H linea apicem abdominis superaute (fcem.). 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 6 ; cap. lin. 3f ; anten. hn. 13 ; 
proth. lin. 3^ ; mesoth. lin. 12 ; metath. lin. 10 ; abdom. 
lin. 35 -t- lin. 6-t-operc. apic. lin. 2=lin. 43. 

Cladomorphus ceratocephalus, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. 
p. 15. 
Hab. In Brasilia. In Mus. Ilopeiano Oxonise. 

Burmeister suggests the possibility of this insect being 
identical with the following, which he has described under 
the name of Bacteria aurita. No two species can, how- 
ever, be more distinct, as will appear from the amended 
diagnoses which I have given of each. 

Plate XXXVI. Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. 
The head seen sideways. 2 6. The terminal segments of the 
body seen sideways. 



PHASMID.E. PHIBALOSOMA. 



r.'i 



3. (188.) Phibalosoma phyllocephalum. 
Plate XXXIII. fig. 1. 

Valde elougatum, cylindricum ; capite antice defleso, 
cornubus duobus verticalibus magnis compressis, apice ro- 
tuudato-foliaceis ; mesonoto spinis duabus parvis acutis 
erectis in medio ; metanoto duabus similibus ante medium 
alteraque maxima media ereeta autrorsum curvata apice 
nigra, armatis ; abdomine simplici ; pedibus gracilibus, fe- 
moribus 4 posticis curvatis ; operculo vaginali ultra apicem 
abdominis longitudine segmentorum 4 posticorum extenso, 
stylis duobus gracillimis fere ejusdem longitudinis adjectis, 
stylis ordinariis analibus brevibus gracilibus acutis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. cum operc. unc. 9, lin. 8 ; cap. liu. 3 ; au- 
ten. lin. 22 ; proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 20 ; metath. lin. 
16 ; abdom. unc. 4, lin. 5 + lin. 6 + operc. unc. 1, lin. 3= 
unc. fi, lin. 2. 

Acanthoderus phyllocephalus, Westw. ante, p. 58. no. 32 

(160). 
Bacteria aurita, Burnieister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 565 ; 

(nee Acanthoderus auritus, iJ!<n«.; nee Phasma auritum, 

Fabricius). 

Hab. In Brasilia. In Mus. reg. Berol., Westermanniano, 
et Hopeiano Oxoniae. 

Having obtained a specimen of this fine insect for the 
Hopeian Museum through the kindness of M. Westermann 
during my visit to Copenhagen in the summer of 1858, I 
am induced, from its analogy with the females of the two 
preceding species, to infer that its male must be a winged 
insect, and that it will here find its proper generic position. 
The characters above given will serve, in addition to those 
from Burmeister, copied in page 58, to distinguish it from 
every other known species of the family. 

Plate XXXIII. Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. 



4. (189.) Phibalosoma P3rthonius, Westw. 
Plate XXXV. fig. 3, male. Plate XII. fig. 1, female. 

Pallide lutescens ; pedibus virescentibus ; capite et pro- 
thorace parvis, inermibus ; mesothoracis dorso utrinque serie 
spinarum (in foemina minorum), hujus et metanoti mar- 
ginibus lateralibus breviter nigro spinosis ; abdomine longo ; 
pedibus longis serratis, antennis vix medium tibiarum anti- 
carnm attingentibus (mas et fcem.). 

Mas. Filiformis ; capite ocellis destituto ; mesothorace 
cylindrico, spinis dorsalibus nigris majoribus, tegminibus 
vix metlium metanoti attingentibus ; alis magnis, area costali 
jiallide lutea, basi virescenti linea flava ; postice maculis 
minutis fuscis ; area postica hyalina venis longitudinalibus 
luteis ; abdomine graeillimo, segmentis tribus ultimis ven- 



tralibus abbreviatis vix inflatis, ultimo medium segmcuti 8" 
dorsalis attiugente. 

Foem. Multo robustior; abdomine thorace toto dimidio 
longiori ; subcylindrica ; mesothorace prothorace triplo 
longiori, ante medium lateraliter inflato ; operculo elongato, 
apicem abdominis longe superante, appendicibus duabus 
ensiformibus ejus longitudine instructo. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 5i ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. lin. 2\ ; 
mesoth. lin. 1 1^ ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 31 +lin. 5 = 
lin. 36. Tegm. lin. 4 ; aloe, lin. 29i ; alar, expans. unc. 4f . 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 9 ; cap. lin. 7; anten. unc. 3^ ; 
proth. lin. 6 ; mesoth. lin. 18; metath. lin. 13; abdom. 
unc. 4+lin. 9=unc. 4, lin. 9 ; operc. apic. iin. 7^. 

Hab. Feejee Islands {B. MacgilUvray). B.M., &c. 

This fine species, which is one of the most striking re- 
cent acquisitions in the family, was collected by Mr. Mac- 
gilUvray in Ngau, one of the Feejee Islands. 

The male, of which I have only seen a single specimen, 
quite recently sent home by Mr. Macgillivray, is very long, 
slender, and cylindrical. The head is destitute of ocelli. The 
mesothorax long, and slightly dilated at the insertion of the 
fore legs. It is luteous, with a greenish tinge ; the two 
rows of dorsal spines are much stronger than in the females, 
and black ; there are also two rows of minute spines on 
each side, and two still smaller along the prosternum. The 
metathorax has a row of very small points along the flank, 
with a deep double impression near the hind extremity of the 
metasternum, beyond which is a point on each side. The 
abdomen is long and filiform ; the three terminal segments 
small. The tegmina small and truncate, greenish, with the 
lateral margin yellow. The wings are large ; the costal 
area pale luteous buff, greenish at the base, with a yellow 
line, the hind part with a row of small brown dots ; the 
principal vein is furcate in the left wing ; the hinder area 
is very pale buff, rather darker at the tip, the veins pale 
reddish brown. The legs are long, with the femora rather 
strongly serrated. 

The female has the head small, oval, convex, and desti- 
tute of spines or tubercles, with a small transverse impres- 
sion between the eyes. The antennse are long and slender, 
and consist of about twenty-nine or thirty joints, gradually 
becoming very long after the eighth joint. The prothorax is 
small, oblong, the surface irregular, the fore margin excised, 
the anterior angles truncate, a small deep puncture within 
each angle. The mesothorax is the widest part of the body, 
being much dilated before and slightly contracted behind 
the middle ; the upper surface is entirely smooth, except 
towards its sides, where it is slightly punctured ; the con- 
necting lateral membrane with a row of small black spines. 



74 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



The metathorax is about two-thirds of the length of the 
inesothorax, oblong convex, smooth, with the lateral margin 
on each side armed with a similar row of small black spines ; 
the six basal abdominal segments are large, smooth, convex, 
and destitute of spines, with an acute lateral margin ; the 
three terminal segments are small and narrowed, the eighth 
segment being the shortest, the ninth gradually attenuated 
and rounded behind, and with the two short caudal styles 
scarcely visible at its sides. The operculum is very long 
and boat-shaped, extending the length of the three termi- 
nal dorsal segments ; beyond the extremity of the abdomen 
it is furnished within with two compressed, narrow, sabre- 
shaped appendages, as long as the operculum itself. The 
legs are moderately long, the thighs strongly, and the under 
edge of the tibiae less strongly serrated. 

A female specimen in the National Museum, smaller 
than the usual-sized individuals, has the sides of the meso- 
thorax almost parallel. 

Plate XXXV. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. 

The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 
Plate XII. Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. 1 a. The 

terminal segments of the body seen from beneath. 1 b. 

The same seen sideways. 



4*. (189*.) Phibalosoma Apollonius. See Supplement. 

5. (190.) Phibalosoma Acanthopus. 

Mas. Valde elongatus ; tegminibus fusco-viridibus, medio 
raucronatis apice truncatis sextam partem alarum metieu- 
tibus, alls pellucidis elongatis usque ad apicera abdominis 
articuli 4ti productis ; area antica grisea nebulosa, margine 
anterior! viridi ; tibiis mediis margine superiori medio 
acanthophyllis. (Caput, prothorax et vagina desnnt.) 

Foem. Pedibus anticis longissimis, omnibus in margine 
serratis ; femoribus mediis tibiisque 4 posticis supra acan- 
thophyllis ; corpore glabro, nitido. 

Lat. corp. maris, 2'". Long. corp. 4" 65'" ; proth. 2^" ; 
mesoth. 1" 2'" ; metath. 9'" ; ped. ant. 3" 3'" ; ped. post. 
3" 2'" 

Long. corp. foem. 9" 8"'-10"4"' ; cap. Individ, maj. hn. 
.5^ ; proth. lin. 4 ; mesoth. lin. 28 ; metath. lin. 21 ; ab- 
dom. unc. 4, lin. C-|-unc. l=uuc. 5|. 

Bacteria acanthopus, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 565 

(fccm.). 
Phasma (Cladoxerus) Acanthopus, Be Haaii, Orth. Orient. 

p. 131 (mas et foem.). 

Hah. India Orientali ; Singapore, Buitenzorg, et Java. 
The only known male of this species is a mutilated in- 



dividual, which I have examined and sketched, from the 
Leyden Collection. The type of the female in the Berlin 
Museum is a gigantic insect, of which I have given the 
proportions above. The sixth ventral segment has a small 
spine in the middle of its hind margin ; the terminal dorsal 
segment is truncated or rather slightly trilobed, and the 
operculum is boat-shaped, and extends nearly to the extre- 
mity of the last dorsal segment. The anal styles are very 
minute. 

In general form this female bears a close resemblance to 
the female figured in my PI. VI. fig. 5. 



6.(191.) Phibalosoma Cantori, Westw. 
Plate XXXVII. fig. 1, male. 
Plate XXXVIII. fig. 1, female. 

Valde elongatum, Iseve, fusco-luteum, mas obscurior ; ca- 
pite postice valde convcxo ; mesothorace metathoraci maris 
sequali, foeminse e tertia parte lougiori ; abdominis maris 
articulo 7mo dilatato, 9ni apice fisso, stylis aualibus brevi- 
bus, foeminfe segmento 6to abdominali utrinque lobato, api- 
cali truncato ; operculo abdominis apicem vix attingente ; 
pedibus omnibus valde serratis, tarsorum articulo basali 
supra valde compresso (mas et foem.). 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 5f ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. lin. 2j ; 
mesoth. lin. 12; metath. lin. 12; abdora. lin. 32-1- lin. 8 
= lin. 40 ; tegm. lin. 6 ; alar, expans. unc, 6^. 

Long. corp. foera. unc. 8 ; cap. lin. 6 ; proth. lin. 4 ; 
mesoth. lin. 16^; metath. lin. 13; abdorn. unc. 3, lin. 7 
-I- unc. l=unc. 4, lin. 7. 

Hab. Malacca (D. Ca«<or). In Mus. Hopeiano Oxouise. 

The male is long and very slender, destitute of spines, 
except on the legs. The head is much broader than the 
prothorax, oval, very convex in its hinder part, the middle 
of which is elevated into two minute conical tubercles of 
unequal size. The mesothorax is long, smooth, and of 
equal width, except at the hind part ; it is of the same 
length as the metathorax. The tegmina are obovate, 
much constricted towards the base, the middle being raised 
into a large rounded tubercle ; they are dirty ashy brown, 
with the base of the outer margin luteous. The wings are 
large, but narrow, very slightly tinged with brown, and 
with darker brown longitudinal veins. The costal area is 
pale greenish brown, pale luteous along the base of the 
outer margin ; the chief vein is furcate in both wings at 
half an inch from the base ; the transverse veinlets are very 
ninnerous, straight, and distinct. The abdomen is long, 
cylindrical, and smooth ; the seventh segment gradually 
widened, and the ninth deeply slit at its extremity ; the 



PHASMIDiE. PHIBALOSOMA. 



75 



anal styles short ; the terminal ventral segments short and 
much swollen. 

The female has the body smooth, but much thicker than 
that of the male. The head is very convex behind, but 
without the two tubercles. The mesothorax widened gra- 
dually. The metathorax is one-third shorter than the 
mesothorax ; it has a minute tubercle in the middle. The 
abdomen is long and thick ; the sixth segment is lobed on 
each side ; the seventh longer than the sixth ; the eighth 
and ninth short, the latter emarginate — truncate at its ex- 
tremity ; anal styles short and deflexed. The operculum 
does not quite extend to the extremity of the body. The 
legs in both sexes are strongly serrated along their different 
angles, those of the male being longer and more slender ; the 
basal joint of all the tarsi is compressed along its upper edge. 

Plate XXXVII. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. 
The head seen sideways. I b. The terminal segments of 
the body seen sideways. 

Plate XXXVIII. Fig. 1. The female, of the natm'al size. 
1 a. The head. I b. The terminal segments of the abdo- 
men seen sideways. 

This fine and distinct species is named after Dr. Theodore 
Cantor, an accomplished naturalist, by whom it was collected. 



7. (192.) Phibalosoma serratipes. 

Fusco-cinereum ; tegminibus areaque costali cinereis, 
margine anteriori flavescenti-albo, interne nigro-margi- 
natis ; alls cinereis ; pedibus anticis femoribus serratis, 
posticis dentatis, denticulis nonnuUis majoribus tibiarnm 
4 posticarum (mas). 

Long. Corp. uuc. 6, lin. lOJ ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. unc. 4 ; 
proth. lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 19; metath. lin. 12; abdom. 
unc. 3 + lin. 9* = unc. 3, lin. 9^ ; tegm. lin. 5 ; alar, ex- 
pans, unc. 3j. 

Cladoxerus serratipes, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 42. 

Hab. Vwlo VniAn^ {Westennann) ; Borneo (/7'«//ace) ; 
Malabaria. B.M., &c. 

The type of this species is preserved in the British 
Museum Collection. A male specimen, three-fourths of an 
inch shorter, was captured by Mr. Wallace in Borneo. 

The body is extremely slender ; the abdominal segments 
are slightly dilated at each end ; the seventh is much dilated 
and conical, the eighth shorter and obconic, the ninth nearly 
as long as the two preceding united, slender and bifid, with 
the base swollen above ; the anal styles deflexed, and arising 
in the middle of the last segment ; the three terminal ven- 
tral segments swollen, and not extending beyond the middle 
of the eighth dorsal segment. 



8. (193.) Phibalosoma Hypharpax, JFestw. 
Plate XIII. fig. 6, male. 

Gracile, cylindricum, inerme ; abdomine longissimo, ar- 
ticulo apicali longe bifido ; tegminibus parvis, alte earinatis ; 
alls pallide fuscis, costa obscuriori ; antennis pallide luteis ; 
pedibus elongatis, serratis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 4|; cap. lin. 2|^ ; proth. lin. 2 ; me- 
soth. lin. 10; metath. lin. 8; abdom. lin. 26 + Hn. 8 = 
lin. 34 ; tegm. lin. 4 ; alse, lin. 23 ; alar, expans. unc. 4. 

Hab. In Ceylon. B.M. 

A unique male of this species forms part of the National 
Collection. It is remarkable for the great length of the 
abdomen, spinose legs, and especially the structure of the 
terminal segments of the abdomen. It is slender aud cylin- 
drical, the body lieing destitute of spines. The head rather 
large, oval, and snbdepressed, nearly smooth, with a pale 
patch in front, and another on each side behind the antennae 
pale yellow. The antennae have the extremity broken off 
at about \\ inch from the base; the joints remaining are 
long and finely hairy. The mesothorax is slender and 
cylindrical. The tegmina are small and narrow, with a 
strong carina elevated considerably in the middle. The 
wings are moderately large, but not wide ; they are pale 
brown, with the costal area rather darker brown ; the chief 
vein is furcate at a short distance from the base. The ab- 
domen is very long and filiform ; the seventh dorsal seg- 
ment gradually widened, the eighth gradually narrowed, 
the ninth elongated and deeply bifid, the two divisions 
gaping considerably and denticulated on their inner surface, 
with the two anal styles inserted on the under surface, and 
not so long as the divisions of this terminal segment ; the 
three terminal ventral segments are abbreviated, not ex- 
tending to the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. The 
legs, especially the anterior pair, are elongated and rather 
slender ; all the femora rather strongly serrated on all their 
edges ; the tibiae less strongly serrated, the four posterior 
with a more conspicuous spine on the outer edge towards 
the base ; the basal joint of the tarsi rather flattened and 
dilated. 

Plate XIII. Fig. 6. The male, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 6 b. The 
same seen from beneath. 



9. (194.) Phihalosoina Tirachus, JVestw. 

Plate XXX.VII. fig. 3. male. 

Gracillimum, lineare, cylindricum, fusco-brunneum ; eapite 

oblongo, margine postico abrnpte declivi ; mesonoto tereti ; 

tegminibus elongato-ovalibus, ante medium constrictis ; 

l2 



76 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



margine lateral! luteo ; alls longis, angustis, hyalinis, brun- 
neo vix tiiictis, area costali brunnea, antice obscuriori ; mar- 
gine tenui basali lutescenti, vena mediana simplici, venulis 
transversis valde distinctis ; pedibus perlongis, omnibus ser- 
ratis, tibiis 4 posticis ante medium lobo parvo instructis, 
segmento ultimo abdominis truncato, stylis iuferis (mas). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 4| ; cap. lin. 2^ ; anten. lin. 20 ; 
proth. lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 12; metath. lin. 9; abdom. 
lin. 26^+lin. 6=32^ ; tegm. lin. 5 ; alar, expans. unc. 4f. 

Hab. Malacca (D. Cantor). In Mus. Hopeiano Oxonise. 

The unique male of this species in the Hopeian Collec- 
tion is considerably more slender than that of Ph. Py- 
thonius, with longer legs, the head larger and flatter, 
and the mesothorax unarmed. It is also closely allied to 
Ph. Eypharpax, but has the wings and mesothorax con- 
siderably longer, and the terminal abdominal segments dif- 
ferently constructed. The head is oblong, wider than the 
prothorax, flattened above, the posterior angles rounded, 
and the hind margin suddenly deflexed ; between the eyes 
in front is a short transverse curved impression. The eyes 
are large and prominent. The antennee moderately long, 
with about twenty-four joints, the middle ones long. The 
mesothorax long, very slender, and simple. The tegmina 
are elongate-ovate, constricted before the middle, with the 
median carina elevated into a strong obtuse conical lobe. 
The wings are long and narrovv ; they are hyaline, slightly 
tinged with brunneous, with dark brown longitudinal veins; 
the costal area darker, especially towards the anterior mar- 
gin, the margin itself towards the base with a luteous 
stripe ; the transverse veins are very distinct, and the me- 
dian one simple. The abdomen is long, slender, and 
simple ; the seventh joint two-thirds of the length of the 
sixth, and gradually widened ; the eighth gradually nar- 
rowed ; the ninth more attenuated, compressed, longitudi- 
nally cleft ; the apex truncate, the two divisions spinulose 
within, and the anal styles deflexed ; the three terminal 
ventral segments are short and gradually thickened, extend- 
ing only to the middle of the eighth dorsal segment. The 
legs are long and slender, the whole being serrated ; the 
four posterior tibise with a small lobe near the middle of 
the upper margin ; the basal joint of the tarsi longer tliau 
the rest united. 

Plate XXXVII. Fig. 3. The mule, of the natural size. '6 a. 
The head seen sideways. 3 h. The tenniual segments of 
the body seen sideways. 

10. (IDf).) Phibalosoma Diardi. 
Capite pone oculos cyliudrico, oculis prominentibus ; 
antennis pallidis ; mesothoraee cyliudrico, spinuloso ; meta- 



thorace dimidio breviore quam mesothorax ; pedibus tcnui- 
bus Isevibus submarmoratis, pubescentibus, anticis paullo 
crassioribus ; tarsorum anticorum articulo Imo lato foiiaceo, 
reliquis longiore ; elytris fuscis \ vel ^'^ partem alarum 
metientibus ; alls usque ad apicem articuli 3tii abdominis 
vergentibus, area antica olivacea ; area postica iridescenti, 
vagina articulo penultimo breviore. 

Long. corp. 3" 9'" ; proth. 2'" ; mesoth. 9i"' ; metath. 
51'" ; elytr. 3'" ; alar. 2" 4'" ; ped. post. 2" ^"' ; anten. 2". 

Phasma (Cladoxerus) Diardi, De Haa/i,Orth. Orient. \>.\3l . 
pi. 12. f. 6 (mas). 
Hab. Pontianak. 



1 1. (!!)().) Phibalosoma Caprella, Westw. 
Plate XXI. fig. 3, male. 

Valde elongatum, filiforme, cylindricum ; capite rotun- 
dato, convexo, inermi ; mesothoraee tuberculis numerosis 
prsedito ; tegminibus parvis, truncatis ; alis subhyalinis, 
costa luteo-grisea, linca post-costali albida ; pedibus inermi- 
bus ; tarsorum articulo basali longo cristato (mas). 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 4 ; cap. hn. 2 ; anten. lin. 28 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 9 ; abdom. lin. 
23 + lin. 3=lin. 26 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; expans. alar. unc. 4J. 

Hab. In Nova HoUandia? In Mus. Hopeiano Oxoniee. 

Very long, slender, filiform and cylindrical ; luteous brown, 
beneath greyish white. Head rounded and very convex, 
destitute of spines. Eyes prominent. Antennae long, 
slender, finely setose ; joints short and very numerous. 
Mesothorax much thinner than the width of the head, co- 
vered both above and beneath with numerous minute black 
points. Tegmina small, oval, subtruncate at the tip, with 
a strong rounded elevation between the base and the middle 
of the central carina ; the inner angle of the extremity is 
marked by a triangular brown patch. Wings long, rather 
narrow, subhyaline and whitish, slightly stained with dusky 
along the margin and at the extremity ; longitudinal vein 
light brown ; costal area luteous grey, varied with minute 
darker cloudings, and with a long whitish streak extending 
from the base to about the middle of the costa, with the 
first and second post-median veins uniting with the median 
before the extremity of the wing. Legs long and simple, 
mottled with grey and brown ; four posterior femora with 
the apical angles dilated and terminating in a small acute 
point on each side ; all the tarsi have the basal joint long 
and carinated on its upper edge, the carina being emar- 
ginate near its extremity. Abdomen long and slender ; 
three terminal joints short, scarcely wider than the rest, 
the last joint subtruncate at the tip, with the angles rounded 



PHASMID.E. PHIBALOSOMA. 



off ; anal styles short and obtuse ; three terminal segments 
beneath very much swollen, the seventh and eighth joints 
very short and almost indistinct, the ninth almost cup- 



Plate XXI. Fig. 3. The male, of the natm-al size. .3 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

12. (197.) Phibalosoma longicome. 

Corpore glabro ; antennis dimidio corpore longioribus. 

Mas. Antennis pedibusque nigro-annulatis ; corpore 
alarumque area antica nigro-maculatis. 

Foem. (Larva.) Antennis pedibusque annulatis ; abdo- 
minis segmento ultimo longissimo, lanceolato ; pedibus sim- 
plicibus. 

Long. corp. maris, uuc. 2, lin. 7 ; cap. lin. li ; anten. 
unc. 3; proth. lin. 1^; mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 4 ; 
abdom. lin. 16 + lin. 2i=lin. 18*. 

Cladoxerus longicome, Burm. JJandb. d. Eiit. ii. p. .572. 
Hab. In Manilla. 

The male of this species in the Royal Museum at Berlin 
bears a very close general resemblance to the following 
species ; but the fore legs are much longer. The head is 
fulvous buff, with a round spot in the middle, and three 
black lines on each side of the hind part ; the pronotum 
is marked with black lines ; the mesothorax with irre- 
gular black marks ; the costal area is green along the outer 
margin, and is spotted with black. The wings are closed 
in the unique male in the Berlin Museum, and extend to 
the extremity of the fourth abdominal segment. 

13. (198.) Phibalosoma filum. 

Filiforme, antennis pedibusque lougis gracillimis ; viridi- 
fuscum ; capite luteo, inermi ; antennis fuscis, albido 5-an- 
nulatis ; prothorace luteo, fusco-vario ; mesothorace gra- 
cillimo, subscabro ; tegminibus brevibus, nigris, margiuibus 
interne et externo viridibus, versus humeros parum angu- 
lato-elevatis ; alls abdomine brevioribus, fuscis, area costali 
nigricanti venis transversis pallide viridibus ; abdomine 
cylindrico, apice stylis duobus divergentibus instructo ; pe- 
dibus inermibus ; femoribus tibiisque ad apicem pallide 
viridi laete-annulatis, articulo Imo tarsorum elongato 
(mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 2, lin. 10 ; cap. lin. li ; proth. lin. \\ ; 
mesoth. lin. 4^ ; metath. lin. 4^ ; abdom. liu. 18 + Un. 'i\ 
=lin. 21 i ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. unc. 3|. 

Phasma (Necroscia) filum, JVestw. Cab. Orient. Entom. 

p.79. pl.39.f. 2. 

Hab. Prince of Wales's Island {Br. Cantor) ; Malacca 
(Wallace). In Mus. Saunders et Hopeiano Oxonise. 



The antennse are annulated with pale green, the annuli 
placed about half an inch apart. The carina of the tegmina 
is conically elevated near the middle. The longitudinal 
veins of the wings are green ; the median vem of the costal 
area is simple ; the hind portion of the wings is slightly 
smoky. 

14. (199.) Phibalosoma Davidis. 

Brunneo-\'iride ; capite sulco obsolete longitudinali im- 
presso ; prothorace sulco transversali diviso ; mesothorace 
obsolete carinato ; elytris brevissimis, vix prothoracis longi- 
tudine ; alls ad anticam crassis, opacis, viridibus, ad posti- 
cam marginem translucidis. 

Long. 55 mill. ; lat. 2 mill. 

Cladoxerus Davidis, Le Guillou, in Gue'rin, Rev. Zool. 1841, 
p. 293. 
Hab. In Insulis Salomonis. 

15. (200.) Phibalosoma facile, Serv. 

Brunneum, Iseve ; capite lincis nonnuUis pallidis ; teg- 
minum margine externo cseruleo-viridi ; alis translucidis; 
pedibus anticis corporis longitudine (mas) . 

Long. corp. "3 pouces au moins," Serv. 

Cladoxerus gracilis, Lepel. ^- Serville, Enc. Mtth. x. p. 445. 
ServiUe, Ann. Sci. A'^at. xxii. p. (32). 
G. R. Gray, Si/n. Phasm. p. 42. 
ServiUe, H. N. Orth. p. 255. 

Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. p. 572 (Cladomor- 
phus gracilis). 
Hab. In Brasilia. In Mus. Berol. et Hopeiano Oxonise. 

A specimen of the male of this species, obtained by me 
from the Royal Collection at Berlin, has the following pro- 
portions : — 

Long. corp. unc. 3, lin. 1 ; cap. lin. \\; proth. lin. H ; 
mesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 17 + lin. 3 = 
lin. 20 ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. unc. 2, lin. 7. 

Serville's figure above referred to represents the insect 
at least double the natural width, although of the proper 
length ; the fore legs are also too short. 

The tegmina are very small, narrowed and depressed 
between the base and middle, the hinder portion being 
swollen, and the carina in this part rounded. The ter- 
minal segments of the abdomen are shorter than in CI. 
Cryphaleus, and destitute of dark dots. The bind legs are 
also shorter than in that species. 

I have examined and drawn the insect in the Berlin 
Museum, described by Burmeister as the female of this 
species thus : — ' ' Unicolor ; femoribus anticis in marginibus 



78 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



serratis ; tibiis posticis supra nunc lobatis nunc integris ; 
operculo vaginali longissimo, lanceolate, canaliformi. Long. 
Corp. cum operc. 5" 10'" ; anten. 5'"." The insect, in fact, 
closely resembles my Plate XXV. fig. 9 ; the abdomen is, 
however, considerably broader, the metathorax as well as 
the legs rather shorter, and the middle femora have two or 
three serrations on the uuder side. I do not understand 
on what grounds Burmeister considers this as the female 
of this species, there being, as it appears to me, no analogy 
in the structure of the body or legs to warrant such a con- 
jecture. 

16. (201.) Phibalosoma Cryphaleus, Westw. 
Plate XL fig. 3, male. 

Valde elongatum, filiforme, inerme, obscure luteum ; ab- 
dominis apice lauceolato ; pedibus fusco-annulatis, elon- 
gatis, simplicibus ; alls pallide lutescentibus, costa obscu- 
riori, margine antico albido ad basin liuea tenui nigra mar- 
ginali, venulis transversis abbreviatis ; tarsorum articulo 
basali valde elongato. 

Long. Corp. unc. 3| ; cap. lin. 2^; proth.lin. 1-i-; me- 
soth. lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 6| ; abdom. lin. 18-1- lin. 3|=lin. 
21 J ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alee, lin. 16 ; alar, expans. unc. 2|-. 

Hah. In Brasilia. B.M. 

The unique male of this species in the National Collec- 
tion is of a dull luteous colour, with slightly defined black- 
ish markings ; the legs dirty brown, with paler annulations. 
The head is marked vrith two short stripes on the crown, 
followed by two lines posteriorly diverging, and two lon- 
gitudinal lines behind the eyes. The antennae are rather 
short, 21 -jointed ; the joints from the fifth to the tip long 
and slender. The prothorax has a triangular black spot in 
the middle in front, and two lateral dark lines. The meso- 
thorax is long, slender, aud cylindrical, with a slender black 
Une on each side. The tegmiua are small, with the outer 
apical angle slightly produced, the central carina dark and 
rather strong. The wings are pale, slightly stained with 
yellowish brown ; the costal area rather darker, its fore 
margin dirty white, with the extreme edge for a short 
distance from the base black ; the transverse veinlets ab- 
breviated. The abdomen is long and nearly filiform ; the 
three terminal segments hastate ; the mouth slightly emar- 
ginate at its apex, exposing the two porrected anal styles ; 
the seventh and eighth dorsal segments with small black 
(lots ; the three terminal ventral segments short, swollen, 
not extending to the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. 
The legs are very long, slender, and simple; the basal 
joint of the tarsi, especially in the fore legs, very long. 



Plate XL Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen from beneath. 
3 b. The same seen laterally. 

Obs. The specimen above described has one of the hind 
legs not fully developed, probably the result of an accident, 
attended with reproduction of the limb. 



17. (202.) Phibalosoma long^pes. 
Brunneum ; capite, mesothorace juxta basin, tegmiuibus 
areaque costali albo-marginatis. 

Long. Corp. 4" 5'" ; anten. 3" 9'" ; exp. alar. 2" 3'". 

Cladoxerus longipes, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 42. 
Hab. In Demerara (olim in Coll. D. Children). 

I have seen no specimen of this species, and can there- 
fore add nothing to the description given by Mr. G. R. 
Gray of the species. 

18. (203.) Phibalosoma Ditomus, Westw. 
Plate XIII. fig. 1, male. 

Gracillimum, filiforme, inerme ; antennis 24-articulatis, 
articulis longis, setosis ; abdomine longo, cylindrieo, seg- 
mento 7mo postice pauUo latiori : fusco-virescens ; teg- 
minum margine costali pallide virescenti ; alls fere hyalinis, 
costa subhyalina virescenti paullo tincta ; pedibus longis- 
simis, gracilibus, tibiis 4 posticis versus basin spina extus 
armatis. 

Long. Corp. unc. 4 ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. 
lin. 10 ; metath. hn. 9 ; abdom. lin. 23-f 4=lin. 27 ; tegm. 
lin. 2f ; alse, lin. 20 ; alar, expans. unc. 3^. 

Hab. In Brasilia. B.M. 

Closely allied to CI. Cryphaleits, Westw., but consider- 
ably larger, with the tibiae spined on each side near the 
base. I have, however, only seen a single specimen of each, 
not in fine condition, and can scarcely decide on its true 
difference from that species. The head is rather broad ; 
eyes large, with a dark mark between them. The antennae 
are rather more than 2 inches long, 24-jointed ; the joints 
long and finely hairy. The mesothorax is very long, 
slender, and cylindrical. The tegmina are small, narrow, 
and rounded behind, vrith a strong angulated carina ; the 
fore margin is pale greenish. The wings are of moderate 
size and rather narrow, nearly transparent ; the costal area 
with a very slight greenish-browu tint. The abdomen is 
long and filiform ; the three terminal segments broadly di- 
lated, the seventh segment being gradually widened from 
the base to the extremity ; terminal segment small, emargi- 
nate in the middle, exposing the two ])orrected obtuse anal 



PHASMIDiE. MONANDROPTERA. 



styles ; the three terminal ventral segments are consider- 
ably swollen. The fore legs are wanting ; the middle and 
hind ones are long and slender ; the middle tibiae with a 
small spine near the base, both on the outer and inner 
edges, also a similar spine on the outer edge of the left 
tibia, that on the opposite side wanting the spine. Tarsi 
with the basal joint very long. 

Plate XIII. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 «. The 
terminal segments seen laterally. 



19. (204.) Phibalosoma Ploiaria, U'estw. 
Plate XIII. fig. 4, male. 

Gracillimum, cylindricum, filiforme, vireseenti-fuscum, 
laeve ; anteunis pedibusque rufo-brunneis ; mesothorace 
valde elongato ; alis fusco vi.x tinctis, area costali obscuriori ; 
tegminibus fnscis, margiue antico albo ; pedibus longissimis, 
gracilibus. 

Long. Corp. unc. 4i ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. H; me- 
soth. lin. 14 ; metath. lin. 10 ; abdom. lin. 23 + lin. 4 = 
lin. 27 ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alse, lin. 15 ; alar, expans. unc. 2f . 

Hab. lu plagis occid. Amer. Septentrion. B.M. 

The great length of the mesothorax and its very slen- 
der proportions render this a very conspicuous species, of 
which, however, I am only acquainted with the single male 
represented in the accompanying figure. It is very long 
and slender, destitute of spines, smooth, of a greenisli- 
brown colour, with the antennae and legs red-brown. The 
head is wide, with two very small conical tubercles between 
the eyes, and a small circular impression behind the clypeus ; 
it is fulvous-coloured. Eyes very prominent. Antennae 
long, filiform ; the joints scarcely distinguishable and very 
numerous, rather loug in the middle and short towards the 
tips. Mesothorax very long and filiform. Tegmina small, 
rather oblong, with the carina strongly elevated towards the 
base, brown, with the anterior margin white. Wings mo- 
derate-sized, slightly stained with dusky ; costal area 
browner. Abdomen long and slender ; the seventh and 
eighth joints widest ; the ninth square, subtruncate behind, 
with a raised semicircular space towards the extremity ; a 
white spot on each side of the eighth segment, and the 
upper side of the ninth also white ; terminal ventral seg- 
ments abbreviated and very much swollen, scarcely extend- 
ing beyond the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment ; 
anal styles curved, obtuse, not extending beyond the extre- 
mity of the ninth dorsal segment, the under surface of 
which is set with numerous short points. Legs long, 
slender, and simple ; basal joint of the tarsi more than half 
the length of the entire tarsus. 



Plate XIII. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 4 a. Ter- 
minal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 4 b. The 
same seen from beneath. 4 c. The terminal segment seen 
from above. 



Genus 15. MONANDROPTERA, Serd/le. 

Male with moderate-sized oval tegmina and large wings. 

Female apterous. 

Male long, slender, cylindrical, with the metathorax 
dilated and spined along the sides. 

Female broad, depressed. 

Antennae of moderate length. Ocelli obsolete. Meta- 
thorax nearly as long as the mesothorax. Legs robust ; 
hind legs strongly spined ; basal joint of the tarsi short. 

Burmeister, in his Revision of the Order in Germar's 
' Zeitschrift ' (ii. p. 41), and De Haau (p. 131), have re- 
ferred this genus to Cladoxerus, Serv. {Phibalosoma, supr.), 
evidently, however, without having had an opportunity of 
seeing the insects in nature ; the former, at least, had failed 
to recognize the species, as I found the male in the Berlin 
Museum, described by him under the name of Cijphocrania 
acanthomera ; thus proving, in effect, its generic distinction 
from Cladoxerus, and its much closer affinity to Cijpho- 
crania. 

The fine female insect figured by me in the ' Arcana En- 
tomologica,' pi. 49, is so closely allied to the female of M. 
inuncans, that I do not hesitate to refer it to the genus, 
although it possesses extremely minute rudimental teg- 
mina ; as is also the case with the insect in the BerHn Mu- 
seum from the coast of Africa, described below under the 
name of M. parallela. 

It is with much greater doubt that I refer the large 
apterous Brazilian female insect, also figured in my ' Ar- 
cana,' ii. pi. til (D. ^I'iiosa, Burm.), to this genus: not 
only its geographical range, but also its unarmed legs 
and peculiar-shaped thorax separate it from the Old World 
species. 

1. (205.) Monandroptera inuncans. 
Mas. Filiformis, viresceus ; capite kwi, postice Uneis 
6 nigris ; mesothorace laevi, prothorace triplo longiori ; 
tegminibus ovalibus mesothorace paullo longioribus, griseo- 
viridibus, costa lata albida ; alis fere abdominis longitudine 
hyaliuis brmmeo maculatis, costa subopaca rufo-brunnea 
basi nigra ; metasterno macula rotunda nigra nitida notato ; 
pedibus corpore concoloribus, anticis longioribus simpli- 
cibus ; femoribus intermediis ad apicem spiuis nonnullis, 
posticis subtus fortiter spinosis, tibiisque 2 posticis subtus 
spinosis. 



80 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Fcem. Thorace et abdomine inulto latioribus, subviridi- 
bus; metathoracis lateribus spinulosis, pedibus griseo-cine- 
reis ; femoribus tibiisque nigro fasciatis ; tegminibus et alis 
obsoletis. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 4| ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. lin. 2^ ; 
raesoth. lin. 6|; metath. lin. 10^; abdom. lin. 22 + lin. 4 
=lin. 26; tegm. lin. 11 ; alar, expans. unc. 4, lin. 5. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 4§ ; cap. lin. 4 ; anten. lin. 24 ; 
proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 10 ; metath. lin. 9^ ; abdom. 
lin. 21+lin. 5=lin. 26. 

Monandroptera inuncans, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 244 
(male and female). 

Cyphocrania acanthomera, Burm. o. c. ii. p. 579. (Mas in 
Mus. Berol. ; roseo-fusca, pruinosa; mesosterni lateribus, 
coxis, femoribus et tibiis posticis grosse spinosis.) 
Hab. He de France. (Mas et foem. in Mus. Hopeiano 

Oxoniffi.) S B.M. 

Having examined and drawn Burmeister's typical spe- 
cimen of the male in the Berlin Museum, I have no doubt 
as to its identity with Serville' s insect, and the consequent 
mistake of De Haan in supposing that Burmeister's insect 
might be the male of his Cyphocrania Jteinwardtii (Orth. 
Orient, p. 130). 

2. (206.) Monandroptera undulata, Westw. 

Foem. Magna, plana, subaptera ; thorace sensim latiori ; 
abdominis segmento basali metathorace latiori, reliquis 
segmentis sensim angustioribus, singulo extus rotundato, 
marginato ; lateribus mesothoracis postice, metathoracis 
totis spinosis ; tegminibus minimis, ovalibus, liberis ; alis 
minutissimis vLx distinguendis ; tibiis posticis intus serrato- 
spinosis : tota prasina, lateribus thoracis pedibusque magis 
luteo-brunueis. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. &\ ; cap. hn. 5^ ; anten. lin. 20 ; 
proth. lin. A^ ; mesoth. lin. 10^ ; metath. lin. 1 1^ ; abdom. 
lin. 31+ lin. 7=lin. 38. 

Diapherodes (Craspedonia) undulata, Westw. Arc. Ent. ii. 

pi. 49. 
Craspedonia gibbosa, Westw. o. c. i. p. 26. pi. 8 (nee Bur- 

meister) . 
Partes anatomicse oris, Westw. Introd. Mod. Class. Ins. i. 

431. f. 53—2-6. 

Hab. (Africa?). Mus. Oxonise (olim Westw.). 



3. (207.) Monandroptera parallela, Westw. 

Plate XXXVL fig. 3. 

Prsecedenti similUma at multo angustior, segmentis ab- 

dominalibus vix rotundato-dilatatis, pedibus (prsesertim 

posticis) longioribus tenuioribus, meso- et metathoracibus 



fere parallelis, mesosterni lateribus postice, metasterni om- 
nino spinulosis (foem.). 

Long. corp. unc. 5|-; cap. lin. 4; anten. lin. 17; proth. 
lin. 4\ ; mesoth. lin. 10 ; metath. lin. 12 ; abdom. lin. 28 
+lin. 7=lin. 35. 

Hab. In " Africa littorali." In Mus. Berol. 

Plate XXXVI. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 



4. (208.) Monandroptera Pnmilio. 

Lutescens (viva viridis ?) ; capite inermi ; mesothoracis 
lateribus sensim dilatatis vix serrulatis, disco in carinam 
mediam valde elevate ; abdomine elongato vix dilatato, 
supra carinato, apice acuminato ; pedibus gracilibus, sim- 
plicibus ; alis uuUis (foem.). 

Long. corp. unc. 2 ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 1^ ; mesoth. 
lin. 5i ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. Un. 9 + lin. 4=lin. 13. 

Diapherodes (Cranidium) Pumilio, Westw. Arc. Ent. ii. 

p. 50. pi. 61. f. 2. 

Hab. In Africa tropicali? In Mus. Bristol Philos. In- 
stitution. 



5. (209.) Monandroptera? gibbosa. 

Viridis, glabra ; capite integro, gibbo ; mesothoracis mar. 
gine, mesonoti dorso gibboso, mesosternoque longitudina- 
liter obtuse spinosis ; abdomine dilatato, distincte margi- 
nato, margine teniii contuiuo, striate ; pedibus omnibus 
gracilibus, inermibus, tegminibus alisque nullis (foem.). 

Long. corp. foem. unc. A\ — unc. 5i ; cap. lin. Z\ ; anten. 
lin. 24 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. hn. 1 1 ; metath. lin. 8 ; 
abdom. lin. 25^ + lin. 6 = lin. 3^. 

Lat. abdom. unc. 1 . 

Diapherodes gibbosa, Burm. Hundb. d.Ent. ii. 575. 
Diapherodes (Cranidium) serricoUis, Westw. Arc. Ent. ii. 

p. 49. pi. 61. f. 1 (fcm.). 

Hab. In Brasilia. Mus. Hopeiano O-xouise, et B.M. 



Genus 16. DIMORPHODES, Westtv. 

Body of the male slender, furnished with oval tegmina 
and moderate-sized wings. Body of the female apterous, 
elongate, robust, subdepressed. Head obloug, without ocelli. 
Anteuuse very short, basal joint flat. Pro- and mesothorax 
of the male, as well as the entire upper surface of the body 
of the female, armed with fine spinose granules and larger 
spines. Legs serrated, with the four hind femora with 
lobed spines. Operculum of the female rugose, not ex- 
tending beyond the extremity of the abdomen. 

I have been compelled to propose a new genus for a 



PHASMIDiB. HETEROPTERYX. 



curious species, of which both sexes have recently been 
sent to this country by Mr. Wallace from Aru; the female 
of which bears a close general resemblance to the species of 
Ceroijs, but the antennae are those of Bacillus ; whilst the 
male is slender and winged, with the legs spined as in the 
female, but having the lobes of the four hind legs reduced 
to dilated spines. 

1. (210.) Dimorphodes Pi-ostasis, Westw. 
Plate XXXIV. fig. 4, male ; fig. 5, female. 

Luteus (mas alatus) aut fiiscus (foemina aptera) ; capite 
quadrato, jjostice rugoso ; pro- et mesonotis rugulosis, sin- 
gulo ad medium marginis antici bispinoso, angulis duobus 
superis femorum 4 posticorum 4-spinosis, spina 3" foliacea ; 
antennis brevibus, articulo basali dilatato. 

Mas. Elongatus, subcylindricus, granulis mesonoti al- 
bidis; tegminibus ovalibus, luteis, carina elevata intus nigra ; 
alis albidis, apice paullo obscurioribus, area costali sublutea, 
linea media nigra ; abdomine nitido. 

Foem. Latior, fusca, rugosa, opaca ; metanoto utrinque 
ante medium serie obliqua spinarum parvarum tuberculo- 
que conico porrecto ante coxas posticas, segmentis basa- 
libus abdominis in medio marginis basalis et ad latera 
margiuis postici bispinosis. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 2| ; cap. hn. 2 ; anten. lin. 8 ; 
mesoth. lin. 5i ; metath. lin. 5; abdom. lin. 14i-f Hn. 5 = 
lin. 19^ ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 2f. 

Long. Corp. fcem. unc. 3| ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. lin. 8 ; 
mesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 6| ; abdom. lin. 17|-|-lb. 6 = 
lin. 234 . 

Hab. Insula Aru prope Novam Zealandiam (D. Wal- 
lace). In Mus. W. W. Saunders. 

The male of this curious species is slender and subcylin- 
drical, of a brownish hiteous colour, with the abdomen 
glossy. The head is rather longer than wide, rugose above, 
especially behind, with large eyes. The antennae are short, 
about 20-jointed; the basal joint broad and flat. The 
prothorax is rugose, and armed in front with two short 
spines ; two larger spines also arm the middle of the front 
margin of the mesonotum, which is covered with minute 
whitish granules, as is also the raesosternum. The teg- 
mina are small, oval, and with the middle of the carina mo- 
derately elevated, the disc of the tegmina within the carina 
being marked with a black spot. The wings are of mode- 
rate size, opake whitish, vrith a rather darker outer margin ; 
the costal area pale luteous, with the fore margin browner, 
and with the chief veins (especially the median one) marked 
with black lines ; the latter is furcate near the base. All 
the legs are finely serrated, with the four posterior femora 



armed along each of the two upper angles with four eqiu- 
distant spines, the third being the largest and subfoh- 
aceous. The extremity of the abdomen in the unique male 
which I have seen is distorted, but the terminal ventral seg- 
ments are but slightly swollen and very short. The tarsi 
are short, with the basal joint not so long as the remaining 
joints. 

The female is opake brown, more rugose than the male. 
The head subquadrate, with the hind margin very rugose. 
The antennae are still shorter than those of the male, with 
the basal joint more dilated. The pro- and mesothorax are 
spined as in the male. The metanotum has on each side, 
near the middle, an oblique row of short diverging spines ; 
and there is a conical rugose lobe just in front of each of 
the posterior coxee. The abdomen is cylindrical and ru- 
gose ; the anterior segments have two small erect spines in 
the middle of the anterior margin, and a diverging one 
at each side of the posterior margin ; the three terminal 
segments have a raised and flattened irregular carina along 
the middle, which in the eighth segment is prolonged 
and furcate, and the last joint is spinose above ; the whole 
under-surface is armed with small sjiines. The operculum 
is swollen at its base, and extends to the extremity of the 
body. The legs are short and rugose ; the spines larger 
than those of the males. The tarsi are very short, with 
the basal joint not longer than the two following joints. 

Plate XXXIV. Kg. 4. The male, of the natural size. 
Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. The terminal seg- 
ments of the body seen laterally. 



Genus 1". HETEROPTERYX. 

Heteropteryx, G. R. Gray, Be Haaii (p. 108). 
Diapherodes, Sect. A., Bunneistei- (p. 574). 
Eurycantha, $ ?, Serville (p. 280). 

Body spinose, furnished in both sexes with moderate- 
sized tegmina, and small wings of nearly equal size in both 
sexes ; costal area not distinct, covered by the tegmina 
when at rest. 

Body of the male rather slender, with the metathorax 
swollen ; of the female broad, with the basal segments of 
the abdomen dilated ; the terminal segment with a corneous 
elongated joint-like appendage, extending considerably be- 
yond the extremity of the operculum. Legs robust and 
spined, but not lobed. Anterior femora not sinuated at 
the base. Tarsi with the basal joint short. 

The discovery of the male of a species, of which the female 
agrees in general character with the insect of the latter sex 
long known by Parkinson's figure in the ' Liunsean Trans- 



82 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



actions,' as well as the capture of both sexes of another 
closely allied species in Borneo by Mr. Wallace, have proved 
that Serville's speculations as to Parkinson's insect being 
a female of the genus Eurycantha, of which males only, 
supposed to be in an immature state (ultimately to become 
winged), had been described, are entirely groundless, and 
lead us to conclude, without doubt, that the male of H. 
dilutata will be found to possess short tegmina and wings. 



1.(211.) Heteropteryx dilatata. 

Fusca ; mesonoto et abdomine i>allidioribus ; tegniinibus 
viridibus, alis puniceis hyaliuis, apice viridibus, veuis brun- 
neis ; pedibus olivaceis ; prothorace cordato-truncato ; la- 
teribus spinosis, pedibusque spinis armatis. 

Long. Corp. unc. G^^ ; expaus. tegmin. unc. 4. 

Phasma dilatatuni, Parkinson, in Linn. Trans, iv. pi. 18 ; 
Shuw''s Nat. Misc. pi. 347, 348 ; id. Gen. Zool. Ins. vi. 
t. 45, 46. 

G. K. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 32. 
ServiUe, H. N. Orth. p. 280. 

Burmeister, liandb. d. Eat. ii. 2. 574 (Diapherodes 
dilatata) . 
Hab. In India. 



2. (212.) Heteropteryx Mulleri. 

Capite convexo, 1 0-spinoso, spuiis acutis triseriatis ; me- 
sothorace prothorace bis lougiore, apice corona 6-spinosa 
armato ; alis oblongo-tetragouis, fuscis, hyalino variegatis ; 
elytris obtectis. 

Mas. Mesothorace et abdomine subcylindricis ; elytris 
olivaceis, margine exteriore viridi ; tarsis anticis et postremis 
articulo 1° tribus sequentibus sequali. 

Foem. Mesothorace couico ; abdomine oblongo, supra 
piano, infra convexo, apice acuto ; elytris fuscis ; femori- 
ribus linearibus, uou incrassatis ; tarsis anticis et postremis 
articulo l°et 2° longitudme sequali. 

Long. corp. 2" 3"', lat. 2"' ; long, proth. 2|'" ; mesoth. 
5'" ; ped. postr. 2" 2"' ; elytr. 4i'" ; alar. 3'". 

Long. Corp. 3" 2'" ; proth. 4'" ; mesoth, 7'" ; ped. postr. 
2" 6'" ; elytr. 8'" ; alar. 7'". 

Var. foem. Capite 8-spinoso, spinis duabus anticis mini- 
mis vel nullis, mesothoracis apice spinis duabus sejunctis 
armato. 

Phasma (Heteropteryx) MiUleri, Be Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 108. pi. xi. f. 4. male, f. 5. fem. 

Hal. In Sumatra in silvis, sub foliis emortuis. In Mus. 
Lugdunensi et Hopeiauo Oxonioe (mas et foem.). 



3. (213.) Heteropteryx Grayii, Westw. 
Plate XXX. fig. 2, male; fig. 3, female. 

Brunneo-fusca, spinulosa ; capite postice spinis 4, 4 ; 
pronoti angulis antico spinis 2, postico 2, discoque antice 2 ; 
mesonoto 6, 4, 2, coronaque media postica 4-spinosa, ar- 
matis ; lateribus metathoracis dilatatis et valde spinosis ; 
pedibus prsesertim posticis valde spinosis ; tegminibus ni- 
gricantibus albido variegatis. 

Mas. Gracilior, spinis majoribus ; mesothorace oblongo- 
conico ; tegminibus ovalibus, vix ultra basin abdominis ex- 
tensis ; abdomine gracili, subcylindrico, segmentis basalibus 
spinosis. 

Foem. Latior, subdepressa ; mesothorace conico ; teg- 
minibus ovalibus, ad medium segment! basahs abdominis 
extensis ; abdomine spinis minutis, lateribus segmentorum 
serratis, segmentis tribus ultimis simplicibus, ultimo appen- 
dice oblongo, apice 8-denticulato instructo. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 3, lin. 7; cap. lin. 3|- ; proth. 
lin. 4 ; mesoth. Un. 7 ; metath. lin. 6^ ; abdom. lin. 18 -|- 
lin. 6 = lin. 24 ; tegm. lin. 8. 

Long. corp. foem. fere unc. 5 ; cap. lin. 5i ; proth. liu. 6; 
mesoth. lin. 10; metath. liu. 7; abdom. hn. 19|-|-lin. 9 + 
app. apical, lin. 3 = lin. 31^ ; tegm. lin. 121. 

Hab. Borneo. Mus. Saunders, Hopeiano Oxonise (olim 
nostr.), et B.M. 

This species a{)proaches as closely to //. De Haanii as 
the latter does to H. Mulleri, De H. It is, however, 
very much larger (a number of specimens being uniform in 
size), and is distinguished by the group of four spines at 
the base of the tegmina, and the mottled appearance of the 
latter. 

The general colour is reddish brown, obscure, slightly 
rugose, and armed with numerous small and a considerable 
number of larger spines, those upon the body of the male 
being much stronger than those of the female, while the 
legs of th& latter are shorter, stronger, and more strongly 
spined. The head is armed on its hind part with eight 
strong spines, arranged in two rows ; the anterior lateral 
angles of the prothorax have two strong spines, and there 
are two near the hinder angles ; on the middle of the disc 
in front are two erect diverging spines, and a transverse 
row of spinelets near the hind margin. The upper surface 
of the mesothorax has a somewhat elevated triangular 
space, bearing a strong pair of spines iu front, a pair in the 
middle, and an elevated group of four between the places 
of insertion of the tegmina ; a raised line also runs ob- 
liquely on each side from the fore angles to the base of the 
tegmina bearing a row of minute spines, and the extreme 
lateral margin bears about six spines on each side. The 



PHASMID.E. HETEROPTERYX. 



83 



mesothorax of the male is conical ; of the female consider- 
ably wider at the base than the hind part of the prothorax, 
and gradually widened backwards. The raetathorax has 
the sides much swollen and rounded, and strongly spined 
on the margin, with a verj- strong spine on each side oppo- 
site the middle of the tegmiua. The abdomen of the male 
is subcylindrical, gradually narrowed to the fifth segment, 
the edges spined as well as the upper surface, a pair of 
spines in the middle of the disc of each being the largest. 
The female has the abdomen broad, subdepressed, nar- 
rowed from the fifth segment, the lateral margins finely 
spined, the upper surface armed with very minute spines, 
the three terminal segments spineless, the ninth carinated, 
and furnished at the tip with an oblong joint-like append- 
age with four small teeth on each side ; the three terminal 
ventral segments in the male are much swollen. The 
operculum of the female extends to the extremity of the 
anal appendage. The tegmina are oval, the extremity 
being more pointed, the base with a strong pale carina 
extending one-third of their length : the wings extend to 
the base of the abdomen. The legs of the male are mo- 
derately long ; those of the female shorter and more robust, 
strongly spined throughout, the spines of the inner edge 
of the hind tibiee very strong and curved. The mesoster- 
num is armed with three small spines on each side, and the 
metasternum with two ; the basal segments of the abdo- 
men with four longitudinal rows of spines ; the coxse of 
all the legs are also strongly spined. 

The species is named in honour of G. R. Gray, Esq., 
whose writings- upon the family have so greatly contributed 
to our knowledge of the species. 

Plate XXX. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
meso- and metasterna and basal segment of the abdomen of 
the male. 2 b. The terminal segments of the abdomen 
seen sideways. 

Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



4. (214.) Heteropterjrx De Haanii, Westw. 
Plate III. fig. 7. 

Piceo-nigricans, castaneo parum tincta, opaca, spino- 
sissima, spinis apice fulvis ; eapite spinis 8 majoribus ; 
prothorace antice 4, postice 2, mesonoto antice C, in medio 
2, postice 4, hujus et metathoracis lateribus valde spinosis, 
his inflatis ; tegminibus ovalibus, longitudine metathoracis et 
alas tegentibus ; abdomine obconico, segmentis 6 basalibus 
dorso et lateribus sjiinulosis, 9uo emarginato, lobum mag- 
num dorsale apice spinoso instructo (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 4 ; cap. lin. 4i ; anten. lin. 27 ; proth. 



lin. 5 ; mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 14 -|- 
lin. 7-1-app. lin. 3=lin. 24. 

Hab. Borneo. B.M. 

Pitchy black, opake, with a chestnut tinge ; strongly 
spined on the head, thorax and legs ; the abdomen with 
smaller spines, the spines tipped with dark fulvous. Head 
nearly scpmre, with two small spines between the eyes, and 
eight larger on the hind part in pairs. Antennae 2ti-jointed, 
the basal joint of moderate size, the last joint rather longer 
than the two preceding together. Prothorax wider than 
the head, widest behind, divided into two parts by a trans- 
verse impression ; the anterior part with four strong spines, 
the posterior with two. The metathorax is gradually di- 
lated ; its dorsal portion is raised and narrowed behind to 
the base of the tegmina, it is rugose, with a transverse row 
of six strong spines in front, two wide apart in the middle 
and two close together behiud, and two smaller ones close 
to the origin of the tegmina ; the lateral deflexed part is 
armed with numerous strong spines. The tegmiua are oval, 
extending rather beyond the hind part of the metathorax, 
and entirely covering the short wings ; the sides of the 
metathorax are swollen and strongly spined. The abdo- 
men is nearly as broad as the metathorax in front, and gra- 
dually narrowed to the extremity ; the six basal segments 
are armed with small spines in the middle of the upper 
surface as well as along their lateral margins ; the ninth 
segment is carinated down the middle, emarginate behind, 
terminated b}' an oblong carinated appendage notched at 
its sides and apex. The operculum is swollen, and extends 
beyond the end of the ninth segment, but not beyond the 
exposed anal lobe. The legs are of moderate length, the 
anterior femora not curved at the base ; all the femora an- 
gulated, and strongly spined along each angle ; the tibiae are 
strongly serrated, the hind ones with incurved spines on the 
inner edge. 

The body beneath is opake ; the mesosternum on each 
side with a row of three short spines, and two more in the 
middle behind ; the metasternum has two spines on each 
side, two in the middle, and two in the middle of the hind 
margin, which extends backwards between the hind legs ; 
the three basal abdominal segments are also furnished with 
two spines on each side near the middle. 

Dedicated to the memory of De Haan, one of the most 
profound of modern entomologists. 

Plate III. Fig. 7. The female, of the natural size. 'a. The 
four terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 



84 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Genus 18. DIAPHERODES. 

Diapherodes, pars, G. R. Graij. 

Diapherodes, De Haan (p. 109). 

Diapherodes, Sect. B., pars, Burmeister (p. 5/4). 

Body more or less spiued ; that of the male long and 
slender, furnished with oval tegmina nearly as long as the 
metathorax, and large wings. Body of the female broad 
and subdepressed, with oval tegmina and rudimental wings. 
Legs strong and angulated. Ovipositor of the female boat- 
shaped, and extending beyond the extremity of the abdo- 
men. Anal styles very minute. Ocelli wanting. 

Natives of tropical parts of the New World. 

I have here restricted the genus to the large species, of 
which an excellent figure of the female was first published 
by Drury under the name of Mantis gigas, the natural 
history of which has since been investigated in the Island 
of St. Vincent's by the late Rev. Lansdown Guikling, whose 
specimens of both sexes, with the eggs and larvfe, are pre- 
served in the British and Hopeian Museums ; to this is 
added the Platycrana venustula of Serville, and a third 
West Indian species. 

The other species introduced into the genus by Gray 
appear to differ in no generic respect from his Aplopus 7ni- 
cropterus. It seems to me to be most probable that the 
PlasiophyUum Havaniense of MacLeay's MSS. (Phasma 
H., ante, p. 34, Plate XXII. fig. 7) may be the full-grown 
female of PL venustula, or an allied species ; in which 
case, we shall have females of the group without any rudi- 
ment of wings or wing-covers. The pecuhar manner in 
which the horns of the head are developed in the female of 
this insect indicates an intimate relationship with the fe- 
males of Ilaplojms. 

1.(215.) Diapherodes gigas. 

Mas. Olivaceus; capite cornuto ; pro- et mesothora- 
cibus scaberrimis ; tegminum lateribus albidis, carina ante 
medium elevata ; alis albo-sub-pellucidis, area costali brun- 
nea, apice pallidiori, venis nigro-brunneis, mediana fur- 
cata; pedibus anticis lineis elevatis striatis, femoribus 
quatuor posticis subtus angulatis, omnibus serratis. 

Foem. Prasina ; thorace spinoso, spinis lateraUbus nu- 
merosis, apice nigris ; tegminibus viridibus ; femoribus 
crassis, posticis subtus angulatis. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 4i ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 2 ; 
proth. lin. 2i ; mesoth. Un. 8 ; metath. lin. 7i ; abdom! 
lin. 26-^ lin. 5 = lin. 31 ; tegm. lin. 6i; alar, expans.unc. 4^. 

Long. corp. fcem. cum operc. unc. 7i; cap. lin. 5 ; anten. 
unc. 2^; proth. lin. 4; mesoth. lin. IG; metath. lin. 12; 



abdom. unc. 3i-)-unc. |-f operc. uuc. i=unc. 4^ ; tegm. 
lin. 7 ; alse, lin. 4. 

Mantis gigas, Dniiy, Exot. Ins. ii. pi. 50. 
Diapherodes gigas, G. R. Graij, Syn. Phasm. p. 33. 
Mantis angulata, Fabricius, Ent. Syst. ii. p. 13 ; id. Ent. 
Syst. Suppl. p. 187 (Phasma a.). 

Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. 11. 

Latreille, Gen. Cr. et Ins. iii. 87. 
Cyphocrana cornuta, St. Farg. et Sen. Enc. Meth. x. p. 445. 
Cyphocrana angulata, Serv. Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. p. 61. 
Diapherodes angulata, Bunn. Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 574. 
Mantis gigautea, Gmelin, Syst. Nat. (Linn.) p. 2055. 

Hab. Isles of St. Vincent and Guadaloupe. In Mus. 
Ilopeiano Oxonise et B.M. 



2. (210.) Diapherodes venustula. 

Mas. Gracilis, supra viridis, laevis, subtus brunneus ; 
lateribus metathoracis virescentibus, infra albo-notatis ; ca- 
jiite supra virescenti, lateribus et antice albidis, vertice 
bitubcrculato et parum granulate ; prothorace lateribus 
albis, antice bitubcrculato et postice bisubtuberculato ; me- 
sothornce prothorace quadruplo longiori, lateribus antice et 
postice albidis, 3-tuberculato, tuberculis duobus anticis 
approximatis ; tegminibus dimidio mesothoracis breviori, 
virescentibus, opacis, costa brunnea, basi albida, medio 
carinatis ; alis (longitudine abdominis ?) albidis, trans- 
lucidis, venis longitudinalibus viridibus, costa viridi opaca 
linea alba longitudiuali ; pedibus corpore coneoloribus, fe- 
moribus intermediis subtus ad apicem spinosis ; antennis 
(basi) viridibus. 

" Fcem. Corpore ter latiore ; mcsothorace convexo, mar- 
gine arcuato, antrorsum angustato ; metathorace posterius 
latiore ; abdomine in longitudinem striato ; vagina 2'" ultra 
abdominis apicem producta, obtusa ; tegminibus absque 
nuUis (an larva)." Conf. Ph. Havaniense, ante p. 34. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 2, lin. 5 ; cap. Hn. Ii ; anten. 
lin. 16; proth. lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 5; metath. lin. 5 ; 
abdom. hn. 13^ -|- lin. 3 = lin. 16^ ; tegm. lin. 3|- ; alar, 
expans. unc. 2f . 

Lat. corp. fcem. 3'" ; long. corp. 2" 7'" ; mesoth. 8"' ; 
metath. 5'" ; ped. med. 13"' ; ped.post. 1" 4"'. 

Platycrana venustula, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 242. 
Phasma (Diapherodes) venustulum. Be Haan, Orth. Orient. 
p. 109. 

Hah. Li insula Cuba. In Mus. Berol. et Hopeiano 
Oxoniae (mas). 

3. (217.) Diapherodes Christopheri, Westw. 
Plate XXXIII. fig. 4, female. 
Foem. Elongata, subdepressa, fulva (viridis ?) ; capite 
spinuloso, tuberculis duobus verticalibus (recto majori) ; 



PHASMID^E. IIAPLOPUS. 



85 



antennis circiter 54-articulatis, articulis subtus nigris ; pro- 
noto postice transversim spinuloso ; mesothorace sensira 
dilatato, supra parce granuloso, spiiiis duabus anticis late- 
ribusque spinulosis ; tegminibus brevibus, subtriangula- 
ribus ; alls minoribus, area costali viridi, coriacea, postica 
membranacea, hyalina ; pedibus brevibus, crassis, femo- 
ribus 4 posticis subtus spinosis ; abdomine elongato, oper- 
culo longe protenso (foem.)- 

Long. Corp. foeni. majoris, unc. 4| ; cap. lin. 2^ ; anten. 
lin. 19; proth. lin. 2^; mesoth. lin. 11 ; metath. lin. 7 ; 
abdom. lin. 24+lin. 6 + operc. lin. 7=lin. 37; tegm. lin. 4; 
alse long. lin. 3. 

Hah. In Indise occidentalis insula St. Christopheri 
(D. Shepherd). In Mus. Hopeiano Oxonise. 

The general colour of the specimens of this insect in the 
Hopeian Museum is greenish yellow ; when alive, it was 
probably uniform green, the specimens having been pre- 
served in spirits. The surface of the body is smooth, but 
not glossy. The head is deflexed in front, the crown fur- 
nished with two tubercles, the right-hand one being the 
larger ; the hind part of the head has several small spines. 
The antennse are of moderate length, the joints beneath are 
black, beyond the middle also every fourth or fifth joint is 
dark at the tip. The prothorax has two small spines at 
its hind margin ; the mesothorax is gradually widened, 
with a few minute tubercles or spines on its disc, two near 
the fore margin being more distinct ; the sides of the meso- 
thorax and metathorax are white, the former also armed 
with a row of small spines. The tegmina are small and 
somewhat triangularly ovate, green, with the costal margin 
beneath black ; the wings are very small and hyaline ; 
the costal area broad, coriaceous, green, with a black spot 
beneath. The abdomen is long, the anterior segments 
rather broad, the remainder gradually narrowed to the end, 
the three terminal ones being more suddenly narrowed. 
The opercvilum is boat-shaped, as long as or longer than 
the two or three terminal segments of the abdomen. The 
legs are short and robust ; the anterior femora with two 
or three and the four posterior femora armed beneath with 
six or eight spines ; the tibiae dilated near the base, the 
tips with several small spines ; the basal joint of the tarsi 
short. 

Plate XXXIII. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. 
The head seen sideways. 4 b. The terminal segments of the 
abdomen of the larger specimen seen sideways. 



Genus 19. HAPLOPUS. 

Aplopus, G. R. Gray {Si/u. Vhasui. p. 34). 
Haplopus, Sect. A., Burmeister (p. 570). 
Haplopus, Sect. C, Be llaan (p. 127). 

Males with the body elongate and slender, the metatho- 
racic portion more robust. 

Females broader, subdepressed, with the abdomen 
greatly elongated, and the oviduct extending considerably 
beyond the extremity of the abdomen. 

Head in both sexes with two unequal-sized tubercles, 
that on the right side generally the larger. Ocelli want- 
ing. Antennae of moderate length. Mesothorax con- 
siderably elongated, often spinose. Tegmina small, oval, 
shorter in the females. Wings of the male large ; those of 
the female very small, not longer than the tegmina, not 
reaching to the extremity of the metathorax, with but few 
longitudinal veins. Legs comparatively short, thick in the 
female, and often spined. Anal styles very small in the 
female, more elongated and deflexed in the males. 

The species of this group, as here restricted, are natives 
of the West Indian Islands, the habitat of Amboyna given 
by StoU to H. micropterus being clearly erroneous. As a 
group, they are very closely allied to Biapherodes gigas 
of Drurv ; indeed Gray unites several of them generically 
with that insect. I cannot, however, separate them from 
H. micropterus. It would therefore perhaps be more 
natural entirely to sink the genus Biapherodes, uniting 
its species with the others. 

1. (218.) Haplopus Evadne, Wesfw. 
Plate XVIII. fig. G, male. 

Elongatus, cylindric\is ; capite convexo, bituberculato ; 
mesonoto valde elongato, nigro-spinoso ; tegminibus ova- 
libus, areaque costali alarum Isete flavis viridi-lineatis, area 
postica alarum opaco-alba, puniceo parum tincta ; pedibus 
brevibus, crassis ; femoribus quatuor posticis subtus spi- 
uosis (mas). 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 4 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 2 ; 
proth. lin. If ; mesoth. lin. S\ ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. 
lin. 24 -I- lin. 5 = lin. 29 ; tegm. lin. 6 ; expans. alar. circ. 
unc. A\. 

Hub. In insula St. Domingo. B.M. 

The elegant coloration of the wing-covers and wings at 
once distinguishes the present species. It is very long, slen- 
der and cylindrical ; the general colour luteous brown, but 
the head, prothorax, and extremity of the abdomen, as well 
as the antennfe and legs, are tinged with green. The head 
is convex, with two slightly raised tubercles on the crown 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



behind the eyes. The antennse are rather thick, with 
about fifty-six short joints. The mesothorax is long, with 
about a dozen small black conical spines disposed in irre- 
gular rows along two- thirds of the anterior length. The 
tegmina are elongate ovate, not strongly angulated before 
the middle ; they are of an elegant yellow colour, with five 
bright green longitudinal streaks along the chief veins. 
The wings are opake white, with a delicate pinkish tint, 
especially towards the anal margin ; the longitudinal veins 
almost colourless ; the costal area is coloured in the same 
manner as the tegmina, the chief vein being furcate at the 
distance of about half an inch from the base. The abdo- 
men is very long and cylindrical, slightly widened at the 
base ; the three terminal segments widened, the extremity 
rather angularly emarginate in the middle ; the three ter- 
minal ventral segments moderately swollen, not extending 
beyond the eighth dorsal segment ; the anal styles extend- 
ing backwards, and forming a small forceps. The legs are 
short and rather thick, especially the four posterior femora, 
which are spined beneath ; the basal joint of the tarsi is 
about as long as the three following joints. 

Plate XVIII. Fig. 6. The male, of the natm-al size. 6 a. 
The front part of the body seen sideways. 6 b. The termi- 
nal segments of the body seen sideways. 

2. (219.) Haplopus Cytherea, Westw. 
Plate XVIII. fig. .'), male. 

Valde elongatus, cylindricus, lutescens ; capite valde 
convexo, vertice bispinoso (spina recta majori) ; prothorace 
bi-, mesothorace 6-7-spinoso ; tegminibus fuscis albido ma- 
culatis ; alls puniceo-albis, venis omnibus fuscis, area costali 
fusca albido macvdata, basi nigra ; pedibus viridibus ; fe- 
moribus quatuor posticis subtus spinosis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 4 ; cap. lin. 2| ; anten. unc. 2\ ; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 9; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 22 -|- 
lin. 6 = lin. 28 ; tegm. lin. 6 ; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Rab. In insula " St. Domingo," Haiti. In Mus. Saun- 
ders et Hopeiano Oxoniee (olim nostr.). 

This species is very closely allied to H. Evadne, but is 
at once distinguished by its longer limbs, narrower wings, 
and peculiar coloration. The head is very convex, and 
armed on the top of the crown with two acute conical points, 
black at the tip, the right one being the larger ; the sides 
of the head are whitish. The antennse are very long, 
rather thick, composed of about sixty short joints. The 
prothorax is armed with two small spines near its anterior 
margin. The mesothorax is slender and cylindrical, armed 
with sis or seven spines placed in two rows irregularly. The 
tegmina are elongate ovate, brown, glossy, with a strongly 



raised conical tubercle near the base ; the outer margin and 
two elongated patches beyond the middle are white. The 
wings are opake white, slightly tinged throughout with 
pink, the whole of the veins being dusky coloured ; the 
costal area is pale brown, with a number of small elongated 
whitish patches ; the base is black. The mesosternum is 
armed with six small spines arranged in two longitudinal 
series, and the metasternum with two pairs of similar but 
rather larger spines ; the sides of the latter are marked with 
a narrow fulvous stripe. The abdomen is long, slender and 
cylindrical ; the terminal segments white at the sides, and 
scarcely dilated ; the three ventral segments short, not ex- 
tending to the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment, and 
but little swollen, and the anal styles are rather thick and 
obtuse at the tips. The coxse of all the legs are fulvous, 
the legs themselves green, moderately long and slender, 
with the four posterior femora armed beneath with a few 
small spines. 

Plate XVIII. Fig. 5. The male, of the natural size. 5 a. 
The anterior part of the body seen sideways. 5 b. The ter- 
minal segments seen sideways. 

3. (220.) Haplopus Jamaicensis. 

Elongatus, gracilis, viridis ; tegminibus viridi-striatis, 
margine antico flavo ; antennis fuscis ; mesothorace antice 
bispinoso, spinis ssepe bifidis, nigris ; alis pallide puniceis, 
area costali viridi ; pedibus viridibus, articulationibus flaves- 
centibus ; femoribus spinosis, spinis anticorum miuoribus 
(mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3j ; expans. alar. unc. 3, lin. 7. 

Mantis Jamaicensis, Briiry, Exot. Ins. ii.pl. 49. f. 1. 

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. ii. p. 15; Ent. Syst. Suppl. 
p. 188 (Phasma J.) (exclus. Sy7i. Stall, ii. f. 20, 21 , 
= Cyph. viridana). 
Olivier, Enc. Mith. vii. 634 (Mantis J.). 
Lepeletier et Serv. Enc. Mith. x. p. 101 (Phasma J.) ; 

ibid. p. 445 (Cyphocrana J.). 
Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 38 (Platycrana J.). 
Phasma edule, var. /3, pars, Lichtenstein, Linn. TV. vi. 13. 
Hab. In India occideutali; Jamaica. Mus. Hopeiano 
Oxonioe et B.M. 

Neither Drury nor Fabricius mention the two mesotho- 
racic spines (indeed Fabricius says that the character of 
the thorax constitutes the chief difference between this spe- 
cies and H. bispinosus). Drury's figure, however, clearly 
exhibits the two erect black spines in front of the meso- 
thorax. AccorcUng to his figure, the head is also desti- 
tute of the two tubercles, which are likewise unnoticed by 
Fabricius, who expressly describes them in H. bispinosus. 
Another character apparently distinguishing H. Jamaicensis 
from the latter species, are the green stripes of the teg- 



PHASMID^. HAPLOPUS. 



87 



mina, which have the outer margin yellow. The habitat 
also (although vaguely indicated by Fabricius), as respects 
H. bispinosus, seems different. With these exceptions, I 
should have regarded the two insects as identical. 

4. (221.) Haplopus bispiuosus. 

Elongatus ; thorace viridi, dorso flavescenti, teretiusculo, 
autice bispinoso, spinis validis nigris ; tegmiuibus brevi- 
bus, medio gibbosis, viridibus, margiue exteriore flavo ; an- 
tennis flavescentibus ; capite viridi, vertice utrinque spina 
elevata brevi obtusa ; alls magnis, rufescentibus, margine 
exteriore viridi ; abdomiue ILneari, virescenti ; pedibus vi- 
rescentibus, spinosis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 'i^ ; expans. alar. unc. 3, lin. 7. 

Mantis bispinosa, Fabricius, Syst. Ent. p. 275 ; Ent. Syst. 
ii. p. 15 ; Ent. Syst. Suppl. p. 188 (Phasma b.). 

Gmelin, Syst. Nat. {Linn.) p. 2054. 

Olivier, Enc. MHh. vii. 633. no. 4 1 (Mantis b.). 

Rees, Enc. Nat. Hist. Ins. Hem. pi. 1 . f. 1. 

Shaw's Nat. Misc. pi. 323 ; Enc. Brit. t. 204. f. 20. 
Phasma bispinosa, Serville, Ann. Sc. Nat. sxii. p. 58. 

Latreille, Gen. Crust, et Ins. iii. 87. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. 24. 

Hab. In America (D. Hunter ; Fabr.) ; Brasilia (Gray). 
B.M. 

I have noticed the apparent points of distinction be- 
tween this insect and H. Jamaicensis under the latter 
species. 

5. (222.) Haploptis micropterus. 

Fusco-luteus, meso- et metanotis griseo tinctis ; capite 
bicorni ; thorace scabro ; tegmiuibus et alarum area cos- 
tali fusco-violaceis, hac prope basin macula rotunda alba 
notata, area postica pallidis, venis longitudinalibus crassis 
nigris ; pedibus 4 posticis dentatis ; operculo ultra apicem 
abdominis longe extenso (foem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. cum operc. unc. 5, lin. 1 . 

Phasma angulata (Spectre a ailes petites), Stoll, Spectr. 

pi. 21. f. 77. p. 61. 
Haplopus angulatus, Biirmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2.577 

(uec angulata, Fabr., Latr., Lichtenst., Serv. = gigas, 

Drury : nee angulata, Pal. Beaiiv. = spinipes, G. B. 

Gray). 
Cyphocrana microptera, Lepel. et Serv. Enc. M. x. p. 445 ; 

Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. p. 61. 
Aplopus micropterus, G. R. Gray, Sy7i. Phasm. jj. 34. 
Phasma (Haplopus) micropterum. Be Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 128. 

Hab. Indise Occident, insulis St. Thomas et St. John 
(^Burmeister) ; nee Amboyna {Stoll). 

Stoll incorrectly considered that the insect which he re- 
presented in his figure 77 was a male in the pupa state, and 
also that it came from Amboyna. There is no doubt, how- 



ever, that it is a female arrived at the perfect state, and 
that it is a native of the West Indies. The insect consi- 
dered as this species in the Berlin Museum by Burmeister 
is a female, with the following proportions : — 

Long. corp. cum operc. unc. 5f ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth, 
lin. 3; mesoth. lin. 12 ; metath. lin. 8| ; abdom. lin. 28 
-f lin. 6^ + operc. lin. 8^ = unc. 3, Un. 7 ; tegm. lin. 5 ; 
alse long. lin. 5. 

It has the legs shorter and thicker than is represented 
by Stoll. The two tubercles on the head are obtuse, the 
right one being larger than the left. The prothorax has 
two pairs of tubercles in front ; the mesothorax is armed 
with numerous but small spines ; the four hind femora 
have three or four strong teeth along their hinder edge ; 
the sixth abdominal segment is a little dilated on each side 
behind, and the operculum is considerably broader at the 
extremity of the body than the ninth ventral segment. 
Burmeister describes the larva as having " auf den 4 Ilinter- 
schenkeln 2 Hautlappen und einen erhabenen Hinterrand 
am Isten und 2ten Riickensegment." 

6. (223.) Haplopus spinipes. 

Viridis, corpore pallidiori ; capite thoraceque spinosis ; 
femoribus posterioribus quatuor dentatis tibiisque angu- 
latis et spinosis ; alls brevissimis, tegmiuibus paullo longi- 
oribus (fcem.). 

Long. corp. (a])ice mutil.) 5" 3'"; auten. 2". 

Phasma angulata, Pal. Beauv. Ins. pi. 14. f. 4 ; Encycl. 

Port. Ins. Orth. pi. 27. f. 2 (uec. Ph. angulata, Stoll, 

nee angulata, Fabr., Latr.). 
Diapherodes spinipes, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 34. 
Haplopus spinipes Be Haan, Orth. Orient.^. 127. 

Hab. In India occideutali (St. Domingo). 

The figure given by Palisot Beauvois evidently represents 
a female of this genus, of which the extremity of the abdo- 
men has been mutilated. This circumstance evidently in- 
duced Mr. G. R. Gray to regard it as a male pupa. I am 
sorry that I am unable to offer more precise characters of 
the species. 

7. (224.) Haplopus bictispidatus. 
Pallide fuscus ; tuberculis capitis peracutis ; mesothorace 
1" 2'" metiente ; vagina sensim angustiore, 7i" ultra abdo- 
men producta ; abdominis articulo 6to parallelo ; tegmiui- 
bus 5'" longis ; pedibus pallide fuscis, latere inferiore spi- 
nosis, spinis cequidistautibus. 

P. (Haplopus) bicuspidatum, De Haan, Orthopt. Orient. 
p. 128. 
Hab. ? 



88 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



I have examined and sketched the typical specimen of 
this species in the Museum at Leyden. It is a female, 
having the following proportions : — 

Long. Corp. cum operc. unc. 5f; cap. lin. 3; proth. 
lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 14 ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 26 + 
liu. 7 + operc. lin. 8=lin. 41 ; tegm. lin. 5 ; alae long. lin. 6. 

The two tubercles of the head are unequal in size, the 
right-hand one being the larger. The legs are longer and 
more slender than those of the Berlin specimen of H. mi- 
cropterus. The membranous portion of the wings has 
strongly marked transverse veins. 

8. (225.) Haplopus bituberculatus. 
Obscure fuscus ; tuberculis capitis obtusis ; mesothorace 

0^'" metiente ; vagina lineari 9'" ultra abdomen producta ; 
abdominis articulo 6to subparallelo ; elytris 3^^'" longis ; 
pedibus fusco-marmoratis, femorum spinis insequaliter di- 
stantibus (foem.). 

Phasma (Haplopus) bituberculatum, Z>e naan,OrtA. Orient. 

p. 128. 
An H. pulverulentus, G. R. Gray 1 

Hab. ? 

The typical specimen of this species in the Leyden Mu- 
seum is a female, having the following proportions : — 

Long. Corp. cum operc. unc. .'i, lin. 5 ; cap. lin. 2^ ; an- 
ten. lin. 10; proth. lin. 2J; mesoth. lin. 9^^ ; metath. lin. 
7i ; abdom. lin. 26-flin. 9-1-operc. lin. 9 = lin. 44; tegm. 
lin. 3^; al« long. lin. 4. 

The legs are shorter and more robust than in the pre- 
ceding species ; the two tubercles of the head are unequal 
in size, the right-hand one being the larger. The vrings 
do not extend beyond three-fourths of the length of the 
metathorax. 

9. (226.) Haplopus piilvenilentus. 

Foem. Brunneo-nigra pulvere albo superinduta ; thorace 
scaberrimo ; pedibus brevibus, iutermediis pauUo dilatatis, 
femoribus posticis angulatis. 

Long. Corp. foem. cum operc. fere unc. 5 ; cap. Un. 3 ; 
anten. lin. 18 ; proth. lin. 2f ; mesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. 
lin. 7; abdom. lin. 27-|-lin. 5^-|-operc. lin. 6 = lin. 38|^ ; 
tegm. lin. 3i ; alse long. hn. 3. 

Diapherodes pulverulentus, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 34. 
An Haplopus bituberculatus, De Haan 1 

Hab. 1 B.M. 

The type of this species is preserved in the National Col- 
lection. The head is furnished with two large tubercles of 
unequal size, the right-hand one being larger than the left. 
The mesothorax has three pairs of spines larger than the 



remainder at its anterior extremity. The wings are very 
small. The legs short and robust ; the middle femora with 
a strong spine on the upper side near the extremity ; the 
sixth abdominal segment is dilated at its sides. 

10. (227.) Haplopus glabricoUis. 

Foem. Viridis ; mesonoto glabro, margine antico spinis 
4, lateribus scabris ; tegminibus alisque viridibus ; pedibus 
brevibus, lineis elevatis striatis, posticis vix angulatis. 

Long. Corp. fcem. cum operc. unc. 5^ ; cap. hn. 3^ ; proth. 
lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 1 1 ; metath. lin. 7^ ; abdom. lin. 27 + 
lin. 7 + operc. lin. 7 = lin. 41; tegm. lin. 4; alselong. lin. 5. 

Diapherodes glabricoUis, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 33. 
Btirmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 575. 
Hab. ? B.M. 

The original type of this species is contained in the 
British Museum Collection. It is a female, and is wider 
and more robust thau the preceding. The head is armed 
with one strong tubercle on the right-hand side of the 
crown, and there are two pairs of small spines in front of 
the mesonotum. The wings do not extend to the extre- 
mity of the metanotum ; they are, however, considerably 
larger than those of the preceding species. The legs are 
also longer than in that species ; the sixth abdominal seg- 
ment has the sides roimded and rather dilated. 

11. (228.) Haplopus scabricollis. 

Maris pupa. Flavescens, lateribus fasciis albis interruptis, 
pro- et mesothorace spiuis nigris acutis ; pedibus subtus 
omnibus angulatis femoribusque spinosis ; tegminibus alis- 
que rudimentalibus. 

FcEm. Subcylindrica, pro- et mesothorace spinis mino- 
ribus, tegminibus alisque minutis. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 4 J; cap. lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 13| ; 
metath. hn. 8 ; abdom. lin. 21+lin. 7=lin. 28. 

Long. corp. fcem. cum operc. unc. 7\ ; cap. lin. 3j ; me- 
soth. hn. 18; metath. lin. IO5; abdom. lin. 35 + Un. 9 + 
operc. lin. 9=lin. 53. 
Diapherodes scabricollis, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 34. 

Hab. ? Mus. Soc. Linn. Lond. 

I am unable to satisfy myself whether the insect in the 
Cabinet of the Linnsean Society, described as above by 
Mr. G. R. Gray as a male pupa, is not in reality a male imago 
with rudimental tegmiua and wings. The specimen whilst 
living has evidently undergone some accident, as the left 
hind leg is scarcely more than half an inch long, whilst the 
right-hand one is longer than the entire abdomen. The 
head in this specimen, as also in the female, is armed with 



PHASMID.E. HAPLOPUS. 



89 



two spines, the prothorax with several pairs of smaller 
spines, and the mesothorax with numerous spines placed 
irregularly ; the sides of the metathorax in the female are 
also spined, as well as the under side of all the femora in 
the male and female. The male has the three terminal seg- 
ments of the body thicker than the preceding ; the female 
has the sixth abdominal segment rounded, and rather di- 
lated at the sides ; and the operculum of the same sex ex- 
tends nearly an inch beyond the extremity of the abdomen. 

12. (229.) Haplopus dubius. 
Foem. cylindrica, nigrescens, pulvere albo superinduta, 
pro- et mesothorace spinis minoribus. 

Long. ? 

Diapherodes dubius, G.R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 34. 
Hab. In Cayenna. Mus. Soc. Linn. Lond. 

Not having found the type of this insect in the Collection 
of the Linneean Society, I am unable to add anything to 
the short description given by ^Ir. G. R. Gray. 

13. (230.) Haplopus Ligia, IVestw. 
Plate XI. fig. 1, male. Plate XI. fig. 2, female. 

Valde elongatus et gracilis ; capite bicorni, cornubus iu- 
sequalibus, recto majori ; pronoto maris bi-, mesonoto 8-spi- 
nosis, fceminse multi-granulatis ; tegminibus maris ovali- 
bus, metathorace fere sequalibus, griseis albo-maculatis, 
fceminse multo brevioribus subrotundatis obscuris ; alis 
maris corporis dimidio longitudine sequalibus, pallidis, parte 
autica grisea albo-maculata, faminse brevissimis uigro- 
reticulatis ; abdomine maris cylindrico, segmento sexto 
utrinque appendiculato, fceminse e basi sensim attenuato, 
oviductu longissimo ; pedibus brevioribus, femoribus sub- 
tus denticulatis (mas et fnem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 3, lin. 7 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. 
lin. 23 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. "^ ; metath. lin. 6^; 
abdom. lin. 20 + lin. 5 = lin. 25 ; tcgm. lin. 6 ; expans. 
alar. unc. 3^. 

Long. Corp. foem. cum operc. unc. 6 ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. 
lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 13 ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 27 + 
lin. 7 + operc. lin. ]0=lin. 44. 

Hah. St. Domingo. B.M. 

The male of this species is quite slender and subcylin- 
dric, with a glossy surface, and in its dried state of a 
light brightish brown colour, with the sides of the head 
and of the terminal segments of the abdomen white. The 
head is oblong, very convex, with two strong short horns 
in the middle of the crown, that on the right side being 



the larger ; they are tipped with a short acute black point ; 
there are also two small black granules on the hind part of 
the crown of the head. The antennae are long and slender ; 
the joints are about twice as long as thick, there being 
sixty-four joints in each antenna. The prothorax is fur- 
nished near its fore margin with two black points ; and the 
mesothorax has four pairs of similar points, the hinder part 
being quite smooth. The tegmina are about two-thirds of 
the length of the mesothorax, oval, with a strongly elevated 
protuberance in the middle ; they are of a dirty glaucous- 
grey, with the edges varied with white markings. The 
wings are about half the length of the entire body, milk- 
white, with a slight rosy-brownish tinge ; the anterior part 
dull glaucous-grey, darker at the base, with white markings, 
especially on the fore margin. The abdomen is very long 
and slender ; the sixth segment with a small lobe on each 
side ; the three terminal segments rather wider than the 
rest, and short ; the terminal ventral segment not extending 
beyond the eighth dorsal segment, and considerably dilated 
at its base ; the two terminal styles porrected and obtuse. 
Legs short and strong ; the anterior pair simple ; the four 
posterior femora slightly spined along the under edge ; 
basal joint of the tarsi about as long as the three following 
joints. Meso- and metasterna with a few black points. 

The female is of an opake dirty glaucous-white colour. 
The horns of the head of unequal size, as in the male. The 
pro- and mesothorax much more thickly marked with 
small points, black at the tip. The tegmina are short and 
nearly rounded, thickly reticulated with paler nervures, and 
with a moderately raised tubercle beyond the middle. The 
wings are nearly equal in length to the tegmina ; their an- 
terior portion is dirty greenish-brown ; the hind part 
thickly reticulated with black veins. The abdomen is very 
long and gradually attenuated to the tip ; the oviduct is 
very long and boat-shaped, the exserted portion being 
nearly equal to the four preceding segments in length. 

Plate XI. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
head and ])rothorax seen sideways. 1 b. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. The terminal seg- 
ments of the body seen sideways. 



Genus 20. PTERINOXYLUS. 

Pterinoxylus, ServiUe, o. c. p. 220. 
Haplopus, A. pars, Burnt, o. c. p. 577. 
Haplopus, B. pars, De Haan, o. c. p. 127. 

Female only yet known. Body long, rugose ; abdomen 
but slightly longer than the head and thorax ; mesothorax 
one-third longer than the metathorax. Tegmina half the 



90 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



length of the metathorax. Wings twice the length of the 
tegmina, scarcely extending beyond the extremity of the 
metathorax, with a largo pale semitransparent patch, desti- 
tute of veins, near the base of the costal area. Legs, espe- 
cially the four posterior, short ; the anterior pair strongly 
dilated and foliaceous ; the femora strongly emarginate on 
the inner margin ; the four posterior lobed ; tarsi with 
small compressed joints. Abdomen of the female with the 
sixth segment strongly dilated on each side ; oviduct ex- 
tending far beyond the extremity of the body. 

I am induced to follow M. Serville in separating the 
curious insect upon which he has founded this genus from 
the preceding group, although it is certainly very closely 
allied to such species as Haplopus niicrojftterus {angidatvs, 
Burm.) and H. spintpes, G . R. Gray {Ph. angulata. Pal. B.) ; 
the dilatation of the legs, the lobed condition of the hind 
ones, the curious mirror-like patch at the base of the costal 
area of the wings, and the dilated sides of the sixth abdo- 
minal segment seem to warrant this step, which will, I have 
no doubt, be fully confirmed when the male shall be dis- 
covered. 

1. (231.) Pterinoxyliis difformipes. 
Plate XXXVI. fig. 1. 

Rugosus, cinereo-brunneus ; capite tuberculato, tuber- 
ciilis majoribus 2, 2, 2 ; prothorace fere capitis longitu- 
dine ; mesothorace prothorace triplo longiori, medio in- 
flato et rugoso-bituberculato ; metathorace mesothorace 
breviori, la;vi ; tegminibus tertiam partem mesothoracis lon- 
gitudine cequantibus, ovalibus, opacis, viridibus brunneo ma- 
culatis ; alis tegminibus duplo longioribus, area costali 
viridi-flava, brunneo submaculata, postica obscura, venis 
nigris longitudinalibus ; abdominis segmento 2ndo supra 
bifoliaceo, Gtoque ad apicem utrinque dilatato et 4-spiuoso ; 
pedum anticorum femoribus dilatato-foliaceis marginibus 
irregulariter incisis tarsisque dilatatis ; femoribus interme- 
diis foliolis numerosls irregularibus minoribus, tibiis ad 
basin extus et ad apicem foliolo instructis ; femoribus pos- 
ticis apicem versus supra dilatatione foliacea, subtus spi- 
nosis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. cum operc. unc. 6f ; cap. lin. 4 ; proth. 
lin. A\; mesoth. lin. 10 ; metath. lin. 1 1 ; abdom. lin. 32 
+ hn. 8 -I- operc. apic. lin. G=lin. 46; tegm. lin. 6 ; alar, 
expans. lin. 24. 

Pteriuoxylus difformipes, Sen. H. N. Ortk. p. 227. 
Haplopus Eucnemis, Burm. Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 577. 
De HaciH, Orthopt. Orient. \). 127. 

Hah. In America meridional!. In Mus. Berol. et olini 
in Mus. Serville. 



The accompanying figure was made by me from the type 
specimen described by Byrmeister in the Royal Museum of 
Berlin. The male is unknown. 

Plate XXXVl. Fis. 1. The female, of the natural size. 



Genus 21. PALOPHUS, Westw. 

Ctenomorpha, pars, G. R. Gray, Syn. p. 4 1 . 
Haplopus, B, Bxirmeister, o. c. p. 577. 
Haplopus, A, De Haaii, o.c. p. 127. 

Body elongate ; abdomen much longer than the head 
and thorax. Head armed with two long compressed por- 
rected horns in both sexes ; ocelli distinct. Tegmina elon- 
gate-ovate. Wings of the male very large, of the female 
more than half the length of the abdomen. Legs long ; 
tibise armed on the outer edge, with a small spine before 
and another beyond the middle. Abdomen of the female 
truncate at the tip ; oviduct not extending to the extremity 
of the dorsal segments ; anal styles minute. 

I have been compelled to establish a new genus for the 
reception of the two African insects described below, as I 
cannot perceive their close affinity with Haplopus, suggested 
by Burmeister and De Haan. 



1. (232.) Palophus Haworthii. Plate X. fig. 5, male. 

Elongatus, gracilis, cincreus ; abdomine fusco ; capite an- 
tice cornubus duobus foliaceis longis porrectis inter oculos 
armato, ocellis tribus magnis ; miesothorace abbreviato ; 
tegminibus oblongo-ovalibus, in medio paulum elevatis ; 
alis maris magnis, foemina; mediocribus, area costali albido- 
lutescente macula nigricante basali, area postica fusca, ma- 
culis numerosis albis in venas longitudinales nigras dispo- 
sitis ; antennis et pedibus longis, his fusco fasciatis ; femo- 
ribus 4 posticis basi sublobatis, tibiis omnibus extus biden- 
ticulatis (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 4f ; cap. cum corn. lin. 4 ; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 7 ; metath. lin. QJ; abdom. lin. 30-1- 
lin. () = lin. 36 ; tegm. lin. 7 ; expans. alar. unc. 5^. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 5^ ; cap. cum corn. lin. 5 ; 
proth. lin. 3; mesoth. lin. 11 ; metath. lin. 9; abdom. 
lin. 31 -f lin. 7 = lin. 38 ; tegm. lin. 9 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 3|. 

Mas. Ctenomorpha Haworthii, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. 

p. 41. 
Fcem. Haplopus ceratophyllus, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. 

ii. 2. 577. 

De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 127. 

Hub. In Africa australi (nee Australia). In Mus. 
Hopeiano Oxonias et B.M. 



PHASMIDiE. PALOPIIUS. 



91 



Deceived by the locality of Australia given to this species 
by Mr. G. R. Gray, as well as by his short, incomplete, and 
not quite accurate description, I had regarded the male in 
the British Museum Collection as a distinct species ; but 
an examination of the typical specimen in the Hopcian Col- 
lection at Oxford has convinced me that it is identical with 
it. Mr. Hope's specimen is also a male, and it has no 
locality attached to it ; so that the locality of Australia 
given to it must have been conjectural. Both sexes are 
contained in the Royal Museum at Berlin, and the female 
is also in the Ley den Museum. 

The following is Mr. G. R. Gray's description of this 
species : — " Bruuueus, cornubus inter oculos duobus longis, 
compressis ; thorace rugoso ; alls brunneis, margine supe- 
riori nigrescentibus, basi nigris, nervis obscuris et albo ma- 
culatis ; tegminibus in medio paulum elevatis ; pedibus 
longis gracilibus simplicibus hirsutis." 

The male is very slender, with a disproportionately long 
abdomen, the hind legs not extending beyond its extremity, 
and with a comparatively short mesothorax. It is ashy- 
coloured, with the abdomen brown, and the legs obscurely 
fasciated. The head and anterior parts of the thorax are 
granulated ; the former with a large double setose horn, 
porrected in front, arising between the eyes. The ocelli 
are large ; the anterior placed in front of the frontal horns, 
and the lateral ones at their sides. The antennse are up- 
wards of 2i inches in length, finely setose ; they consist in 
the British Museum specimen of thirty-eight joints, but 
some at the tip are probably broken off ; the joints are elon- 
gated, the base of each pale, and the apex darker. There is 
a small spine on each side of the head between the eyes and 
mandibles. The mesothorax is not longer than the head 
and prothorax united ; it is slender and subcylindrlcal. The 
abdomen is very long ; the three terminal joints short, the 
last emarginate at the tip, exposing the ends of the short 
anal styles ; the three terminal ventral segments are ab- 
breviated, the last not extending beyond the middle of the 
eighth dorsal segment, it is moderately swollen. The teg- 
mina are elongate-ovate, with a strongly elevated tubercle 
between the base and the middle ; the fore margin is 
whitish, with a black oblong patch. The wings are large ; 
the costal portion pale brownish-buff, with a dark brown 
spot at the base ; the hind portion brown, with pale buff 
spots irregular in size, but mostly circular and arranged on 
the longitudinal veins. The legs are slender and setose ; 
the anterior pair considerably elongated ; the fore femora 
with a small spine on the upper edge in the middle ; the 
middle and hind femora with a small spine near the base 
beneath, and a little further removed from the base, above ; 
all the tibise have two small spines on the outer edge, one 



before and the other beyond the middle ; the tarsi are 
short, with the basal joint of the fore legs rather dilated. 

The female has the wings half the length of the abdo- 
men. The mesothorax is proportionably longer and much 
wider than in the male, ^vith two pairs of tubercles on its 
upper surface. The third, fourth and fifth segments of 
the abdomen are produced on the hind dorsal margin into 
two small pointed lobes ; the eighth segment is very short ; 
the ninth longer, truncate at its extremity ; and the oper- 
culum does not extend beyond the middle of the ninth 
dorsal segment. 

Plate X. Fig. 5. The male, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
head seen sideways. 5 h (in the middle at the bottom of 
the plate). The terminal segments of the abdomen seen 
sideways. 

2. (233.) Palophus Ceutatu-us, Westw. 
Plate XXXII. fig. 1, female. 

Valde elongatus, gracillimus, fusco-coenosus, subrugosus ; 
capite spinuloso laminisque duabus compressis antice por- 
rectis armato ; mesonoto cinereo, maculis nonnuUis nigris ; 
tegminibus elongato-ovalibus, fuscis, basi cinereis, tuberculo 
oblongo submedio instructis ; abdominis segmento 4'" supra 
ad apicem bifoliaceo ; alls chalybeo-fuscis albido tessellatis, 
area costali fusca, basi nigra ; femoribus 4 posticis curvatis 
prope basin bifoliaceis, tibiisque ante apicem supra foholo 
minuto instructis ; tarsorum anticorum articulo basali cris- 
tato (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 9 ; cap. cum corn. liu. 6 ; proth. lin. 5 ; 
mesoth. Un. 18; metath. lin. 13^; abdom. unc. 4, lin. 9 
-I- lin. I0| = unc. 5, lin. 7| ; tegm. lin. 11 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 5-J-. 

Hah. Old Calabar {B. A. Murray). In Mus. Ilopeiauo 
Oxonise (olim nostr.). 

Very long and slender, subrugose, brown, varied with 
ashy. Head subquadrate, armed above with several small 
spines, and with two small rouuded tubercles near the hind 
margin ; the front of the head armed with two elongated 
compressed laminse, porrected obliquely, the tips emargi- 
nate. Ocelli wanting. The pro- and mesonotums are 
opake ashy-brown, the latter with several oblong small 
black spots. The abdomen is very long ; the fourth seg- 
ment with two small oblong lobes on its upper side at the 
extremity ; the seventh segment half the length of the sixth, 
the eighth half the length of the seventh, and the ninth 
as long as the seventh, the ninth truncate at its extremity ; 
the anal styles short and obtuse. The operculum extends 
to about one-third of the length of the ninth dorsal seg- 
ment ; the posterior half finely keeled ; with a small 



92 



CATALOGUE OF ORTIIOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



notch at its tip. The tegmiua are elongate-ovate, wltli 
an oblong tubercle in the middle. Wings chalybeate-brown, 
with numerous luteous oval spots forming irregular fasciae ; 
costal area ashy-brown ; the base with a black spot. Legs 
of moderate length ; anterior tibiae with the lower edge 
rather dilated, the upper with three small lobes ; fore tarsi 
comj)ressed, the basal joint cristate ; four hind femora 
strongly curved, furnished near the base with two diver- 
ging lobes ; tibiae towards the e.itremity with several small 
lobes. 

Plate XXXIL Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. I a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Genus 22. ASCHIPASMA, Westw. 

Aschiphasma, Westw. Zool. Journ. v. 442. 
Ascephasma, Bnrm., De Haan. 
Perlamorphus, Curtis, G. R. Gray (o. c. p. 21). 
Perlamorpha, Servilh. 

Body long, slender and cylindric, winged in both sexes. 
Head rounded ; ocelli wanting. Mesothorax scarcely twice 
the length of the prothorax. Tegmina obsolete or minute, 
spiniform or stipuliform. Wings in both sexes large, those 
of the females smaller than those of the males. Legs 
short, simple. Abdomen slender. Oviduct of the females 
not extending beyond the extremity of the abdomen. 

Inhabit the Islands of the Eastern Ocean. 

The original type of this curious genus and following 
species differ from the remainder in not possessing the 
slightest rudiments of the anterior pair of alary organs, — 
being, so far as I yet know, the only instances of such a 
departure from the ordinary conditions of insect develop- 
ment. In the other species the tegmina are represented by 
two minute spines, or two small scales incurved at the 
sides. 

1. (234.) AscMpasma annulipes. 
Plate XV. fig. 2, male, var. 

Luteo-sericeum, viridi-nitens, brunneo variegatum ; teg- 
minibus obsoletis, alis infumatis, area costali viridi, macnlis 
inter venas nigricantibus ; abdomine griseo-brunneo, subtus 
hirsuto ; pedibus flavescenti-viridibus, nigro fasciatis, stylis 
analibus maris incurvis, apice dilatatis, subfurcatis (mas et 
foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. ? ; proth. 
Un. 2|-; mesoth. lin. 2\; metath. lin. Sj ; abdom. \m. 11 
-Min. 4=lin. 15 ; alar, expans. lin. 34. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2, Hn. 7 ; cap. hn. 2f ; anten. 
lin. 24 ; proth. lin. 2| ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 5 ; 
abdom. lin. 13-|-lin. 4 = lin. 17; alar, expans. unc. 3|. 



Aschiphasma annulipes, JVestw. in Zool. Journ. v. p. 442. 
Perlamorphus hieroglypbicus, Curtis, MS. 
G. R. Gray, Sytt. Phasm. p. 21. 
ServiUe, II. N. Orth. p. 276. 
Burmeister, Ilanilh. d. Ent. ii. 2. p. 583. 
Phasma (Ascephasma) annulipes, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 
pp. 113, 114. 
Hah. In Java. B.M., &c. 

" Pupa (in Mus. Ilopeiano Oxonise) imagini siniilis nisi 
quoad abdomen maculatum, alasque rudinientales flavas 
inter nervos striatas." — G. R. Gray, I. c. 

Var. Pallide virescenti-lutescens, fusco variegatum et 
maculatum ; tegminibus obsoletis ; alis fuscis, area costali 
viridi nigro maculata ; pedibus fasciatis ; antennis corporis 
longitudine (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 27 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 26 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 
12-)- lin. 3=lin. 15; alar, expans. unc. 3. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3, lin. 1 ; cap. lin. 2^ ; anten. ? ; 
proth. lin. 2j ; mesoth. lin. 3^; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. 
lin. 18-|-lin. 5=lin. 23 ; alar, expans. unc. 4. 

Hab. In Malacca {D. Wallace). In Mus. Saunders. 

Specimens of this species of large size have been col- 
lected by Mr. Wallace in Malacca, which I at first con- 
sidered sufficiently distinct to form a separate species. I 
can, however, after more mature consideration, only regard 
them as forming a local variety, in which the body is quite 
smooth, the head broad, and the eyes large. The antennae 
are long and slender, upwards of 70-jointed, the joints 
beyond the middle becoming more and more indistinct, 
except at intervals of four or five joints, which gives the 
appearance of long compound joints. The head is pale 
luteous, with seven longitudinal dark streaks on its hinder 
portion, the middle ones being transversely united between 
the eyes. The prothorax is square, the anterior angles 
spiraculiferous, transversely impressed across the middle, 
and marked with blackish stripes, two of which form a V 
in the middle of the front half; the mesothorax is also con- 
siderably varied with blackish, which colour leaves a pale 
frontal hastate and two reniform lateral patches of luteous. 
The metathorax is nearly as long as the pro- and meso- 
thorax united. The abdomen is long, narrow and convex 
in the male, wider in the female, with a dark longitudinal 
median stripe, having two larger oval and several smaller 
dark spots on each side of it. The legs are moderately 
long and simple, luteous-coloured ; the femora and tibise 
with the extremity and a fascia across the middle black ; 
the tarsi black, except the pale basal joint. The wings 
are brown ; the costal area pale green, with numerous 



PHASMID.E. ASCHIPASMA. 



9:i 



black spots and dots, leaving the veins green ; median vein 
simple. The terminal segments of the abdomen of the 
male are very much swollen both above and below, and the 
anal styles are deflexed, broad, and emarginate at the ex- 
tremity. The female has the terminal joint rounded and 
entire, the operculum very much swollen, and the anal styles 
short and oval. 

Plate XV. Fig. '2. The variety of the male, of the natural size. 
2 a. The terminal segments of the body seen from beneath. 
2 4. The same seen sideways. 2 c. The same parts in the 
female, seen sideways. 2 i/. The extremity of the female 
abdomen seen from liehind. 



2. (235.) Aschipasma nebulosum, TJ'estw. 
Plate IX. fig. 4, male. 

Gracile, pallide fuscum, inerme ; antennis longis, gracil- 
limis, multiarticulatis ; tegminibus obsoletis ; pedibus lon- 
gioribus, parum hirtis, fusco obscurius annulatis, inter- 
mediis subtus spinis miuutis armatis ; alls angustioribus, 
pallide fiiscis, costa luteo-fusca, obscure nebulosa (mas). 

Long. Corp. lin. 18i ; cap. lin. 1 j ; anten. lin. 18 ; proth. 
lin. H; mesoth. lin. 2 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 9 + 
lin. 2 = lin. 1 1 ; alar, expans. lin. 24j. 

Hab. Ceylon. B.M. 

This species is allied to the preceding in being entirely 
destitute of the rudiments of tegmina ; it has the an- 
tennse very long and slender, the legs annulated, especially 
near the extremity of the femora, and the costa of the 
wings obscurely clouded. It agrees in size with the male 
of A. affine, De Haan ; but the wings are at least one-third 
larger, and the last segment of the under side of the body 
shorter. The general colour is pale brown. The body is 
narrow and subcylindrical. The head is rather wider than the 
prothorax, and is marked in the middle of the crown behind 
with a small dark spot. The prothorax is rather longer 
than the head, and the mesothorax is about one-third longer 
than the prothorax. The anteunre are long and slender, 
with the joints short ; beyond the middle they are marked 
at irregular distances with a dusky ring at the extremity 
of one of the joints, leaving two, three, or even four joints 
between the dusky and slightly incrassated joints. The 
tegmina are entirely obsolete. The wings are very pale 
brown, and rather opake, with the costal area darker lu- 
teous-brown, sUghtly clouded with irregular ill-defined paler 
patches ; all the veins are pale brown, the principal longi- 
tudinal vein darker than the rest, and slightly spotted with 
pale dots towards the base. The legs are slender ; the fore 
■ femora nearly straight at the base ; all of them are ob- 
scurely annulated with dusky, and with a more decided 



ring near the tip ; the intermediate tibiae are armed be- 
neath with several minute spines. The abdomen is long 
and slender, slightly clavate at the tip, the last joint de- 
flexed and emarginate at its extremity ; the two anal styles 
rather long, deflexed and incurved ; the seventh ventral 
segment is distinct, but the two following are coalesced 
into a somewhat conical segment, scarcely swollen beneath, 
and extending nearly to the extremity of the ninth dorsal 
segment . 

Plate IX. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 4 «. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen from beneath. 4 b. 
The extremity of the abdomen seen from behind. 4 c. The 
terminal segments seen sidewavs. 



3. (23C.) Aschipasma Forstenii. 

Alls utriusque sexus orbiculatis ; tegminibus stipulae- 
forniibus, obtusis, aurantijicis ; corpore, antennis pedibusque 
nigris ; femoribus anticis rectis ; capite lato. 

Mas. Alarum area postica obscuro-fusca, antica nigra, 
aurantiaco-marginata, stylis analibus incurvatis, vagina con- 
vexa. 

Fcem. Alarum area postica fuscescente, antica viridi, 
areolis fuscis ; stylis analibus rectis tenuioribus, vagina 
compressa. 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 16^ ; cap. lin. 1 ; anten. lin. 7 .' ; 
proth. lin. 1^ ; mesoth. lin. 2\ ; metath. lin. 2\ ; abdom. 
lin. /-t-hn. 2=Un. 9 ; alar, expans. lin. 17; lat. alje, lin. 5 j. 

Long. Corp. foem. lin. 20 ; cap. lin. If ; anten. lin. — ? ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 2f ; abdom. 
liu. 8 -f lin. 3 = lin. 1 1 ; alar, expans. lin. 20 ; lat. alse, 
lin. 7. 

Phasma (Ascephasma) Forstenii, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 
p. 114. 

Hub. Celebes. In Mus. Lugdunensi. 

The above dimensions are derived from an examination 
of the typical specimens in the Leyden Museum. 

4. (237.) Aschipasma Pandora, IJ'estio. 
Plate IX. fig. 2, male. 

Obscure nigrum, cylindricum, merme ; tegminibus minu- 
tis stipulseformibus luteis, alls oblongis, apice rotundatis, 
nigris, areae costalis margine antico venis venuHsque luteis ; 
pedibus brevibus, crassioribus, rectis ; abdomine elongate, 
apice parum clavato, segmentis 8 et 9 ventralibus coalitis 
convexis, stylis analibus incurvatis latis, apice oblique trun- 
catis (mas). 

Long. Corp. lin. 22 ; cap. lin. 1 ; anten. lin. 19 ; proth. 
lin. Ij; mesoth. lin. 3^; metath. lin. 3j ; abdom. liu. 9-)- 



94 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



liii. 2Jr=lin. 1 li ; tegra. slug. lin. | ; alar, exjians. lin. 2(J|; 
lat. aloe, lin. 7. 

Hah. In Insulis Philippinensibus et Cerani. B.M. 

This species seems, at first sight, closely allied to Ph. 
Forstenii of De Ilaan ; but the very peculiar shape of the 
wings and the dilated aual styles of the male, together with 
the reticulated costal area of the wings of the male (not 
noticed in this sex by De Haan, although he describes it in 
the characters of the female of his Forstenii), the much 
larger size of the insect, and smaller head, prove it to be a 
distinct species. The general surface of the body is smooth, 
opake, and black. The head as wide as the nietathorax, 
with the eyes large. The tegmina are minute, stipuliform, 
with the outer angle of the apex slightly produced. The 
wings are dark brown, with black longitudinal veins ; the 
costal area is of the same colour, but its anterior margin 
is luteous, and it is thickly reticulated with veins of the 
same colour. The abdomen is long and slender, clavate 
at its extremity ; the anal styles deflexed and incurved, 
gradually widening to beyond the middle, and with the apex 
obliquelv truncate ; the seventh ventral is distinct ; but 
the eighth and ninth are coalesced into a convex joint, 
not suddenly swollen at the base. The legs are short and 
rather thick ; the anterior femora straight at the base. 

Plate IX. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
extremity of the body seen from beneath, showing the di- 
lated anal styles. 2 4. The same seen sideways. 2 c. The 
same seen from behind. 2 d. One of the tegmina. 

5. (238.) Aschipasma Catadromus, Weshv. 
Plate XVIII. fig. 3, female. 

Cylindricum, crassius, Iseve, inerme, fuscum, immacu- 
latum ; tegminibus minutis stipulseformibus, alls medio- 
cribus subrotundis, fuscis, area costali lutea fusco-macu- 
latissima ; pedibus brevibus, simplicibus (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2\ ; cap. lin. 2J ; anten. lin. 15 ; 

proth. lin. 2\; mesoth. lin. 3|^; metath. lin. 3i ; abdom. 

lin. ll+lin. 3|^=lin. 14^ ; alar, e.xpans. lin. 23; lat. alae, 

lin. 8. 

Hab. Sumatra (D. Bnffles). Mus. Hopeiano Oxoniee 
(olim nostr.) et B.M. 

This is more robust than several of the closely allied 
species, and is further distinguished by the shorter rounded 
wings, unicolorous body, and very numerously dotted costal 
area of the wings. The head is rather broad and convex. 
Antennae about 50-jointed, moderately long and slender, 
especially at the tips, where the joints are almost indistinct. 
Prothorax about two-thirds of the length of the mesotho- 
rax, its anterior division convex. Mesothorax uearlv cvlin- 



drical, with a fine line on each side within the lateral margin. 
Tegmina minute, erect, stipuliform, pale luteous. Wings 
of moderate size, broad, each covering more than half a 
circle, pale brown, with darker longitutUnal veins, the trans- 
verse ones semitransparent ; costal area pale luteous buff, 
with the cells (formed by the minute transverse veins) brown ; 
median vein simple. Abdomen rather long, convex, smooth, 
slightly constricted at the sixth segment ; the three follow- 
ing slightly swollen ; terminal one rounded at the extre- 
mity ; anal styles minute, obtuse. Operculum compressed, 
nearly extending to the extremity of the ninth dorsal seg- 
ment. Legs rather short, simple, finely setose ; fore 
femora nearly straight. 

Plate XVIII. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a. 
One of the stipuliform tegmina. 3 b. The extremity of the 
body seen sideways. 

G. (239.) Aschipasma Alexis, JVestw. 
Plate XXVIII. fig. 3, female. 

Elongatum, gracile, pallide luteo-fuscum, inerme ; capite, 
pro- et mesothoracis lateribus linea nigra notatis ; tegmini- 
bus minutis, stipulaformibus, erectis, nigris, linea viridi no- 
tatis ; alls luteis limbo lato margiuali fusco, area costali 
viresceuti-albida striga antica longitudinali fusca ; pedibus 
subbrevibus, nudis, femoribus anticis nigro-fasciatis (mas et 
foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 16i ; cap. lin. 1 ; anten. lin. 14 ; 
proth. lin. 1^; mesoth. lin. 2; metath. lin. 2^; abdom. 
lin. 8-1- lin. 2=lin. 10; alar, expans. lin. 22. 

Long. corp. foem. lin. 2,5 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 13 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 3; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 12 
-(-lin. 2=lin. 14 ; alar, expans. lin, 31. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo (D. Wallace). In Mus. Saun- 
ders, Hopeiano Oxonioe, et B.M. 

Slender, cylindrical, smooth, and destitute of spines or 
tubercles ; general colour luteous-bufF. Head nearly 
rounded, convex, with a black stripe on each side behind 
the eyes ; upper lip dark brown ; lower parts of the mouth 
and palpi green. Antennfe long and slender ; joints long 
and thin ; base luteous-buff, gradually becoming dark 
brown to the tip. Mesothorax about half as long again as 
the prothorax, both with a slender lateral black line. Teg- 
mina minute, erect, stipuliform, rounded at tip, incurved, 
blackish, with a narrow green stripe in front. Wings pale 
luteous-buff, with a broad marginal border of brown ; costal 
area pale buff with a greenish tint, with a broad anterior 
dark brown border enclosing a pale dash at the base, and 
followed by a brown longitudinal stripe formed of small 
square spots in the cells. Abdomen slender, rather dilated 



PHASMIDjE. aschipasma. 



95 



at the extremity in both sexes ; the terminal ventral seg- 
ment moderately swollen, setose, widely gaping at the tip, 
with the anal styles thick, setose, deflcxed, incurved, and 
obtuse at the tips ; oviduct moderately swollen, extending 
to the extremity of the ninth dorsal segment. Legs mode- 
rately short, naked, slender ; fore femora straight ; four 
hind femora destitute of spines, anterior pair with a broad 
black fascia before the extremity. 

Pl.\te XXVIII. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a. 
The terminal segments of the female, seen sideways.. 3 6. 
The same of tiie male, seen sideways. 

7. (240.) Aschipasma affine. 

Corpore pedibusque fuscis ; tibiis posticis tomentosis ; alls 
fcemiuarum minoribus, area antica fusca punctis pallidis, 
nervo tertio viridi ; antennis fuscis ; tegminibus spinsefor- 
mibus, apice acutis, solutis ; femoribus anticis basi sinuatis. 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 18 ; cap. lin. 1 ; auten. lin. 1 1 ; 
proth. lin. li; mesoth. lin. 2^ ; metath. lin. 2^ ; abdom. Un. 
9-f Un. 2=lin. II ; alar, expans. lin. 19 ; lat.alse, Uu. 5. 

Long. Corp. foem. lin. 22; cap. lin. 1^; anten. — -?; 
proth. lin. 2i ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 
10-1- lin. 2i = lin. 12^ ; alar, expans. lin. 1.5 ; lat. alse, lin. 4. 

Phasma (Ascephasma) affine. Be Ilaan, Orth. Orient. 
p. 11,J. 
Hab. In Insula Java. In Mus. Lugdunensi. 

The above dimensions are given from a careful examina- 
tion of the original types preserved in the Leyden Museum. 

8. (241.) Aschipasma flavicome. 

(yorpore pedibusque fuscis ; tibiis posticis tomentosis ; 
alls utriusque sexus seqnalibus, oblongo-arcuatis, area an- 
tica fusca maculis pallidis, nervo tertio viridi; antennis flavis ; 
tegminibus spinseformibns, apice acutis, solutis ; femori- 
bus anticis basi sinuatis. 

Long. corp. maris, hn. 22 ; cap. lin. 1 ; anten. lin. 14 ; 
proth. lin. \\ ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 3J ; abdom. lin. 
10-1- lin. 3 = lin. 13 ; alar, expans. lin. 29 ; lat. alse, lin. 8. 

Long. corp. foera. lin. 26; cap. lin. 1^; anten. — 1 ; 
proth. lin. 2| ; mesoth. lin. 3; metath. lin. 4i ; abdom. 
lin. 12 -|- lin. 3 = lin. 15; alar, expans. unc. 3; lat. alae, 
lin. 11. 

Phasma (Ascephasma) flavicome, De Haan. Orth. Orient. 
p. 114. 
Hah. Borneo. In Mus. Lugdunensi. 

The above dimensions are taken from the original types 
still preserved in the Museum at Leyden. 



9. (242.) Aschipasma viridimarginatum. 

Valde elongatum ; corpore pedibusque fuscis ; tilnis pos- 
ticis tomentosis ; alls in utroque sexu inaequalibus, area an- 
tica pallida, latiore nervis anticis viridibus ; tegminibus 
spinseformibns, apice acutis, solutis ; femoribus anticis 
basi sinuatis. 

Long. corp. maris, lin. 20 ; cap. lin. \\ ; auten. lin. 12 ; 
proth. lin. li| ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 
lO-flin. 2 = lin. 12 ; alar, expans. Un. 21 ; lat. alse, lin. 5^. 

Long. corp. fcem. lin. 28 ; cap. lin. \^ ; auten. lin. 12 ; 
proth. lin. 2^; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 3^; abdom. 
lin. 13-t-lin. 3^= lin. 16| ; alar, expans. lin. 23 ; lat. alse, 
lin. 7. 

Phasma (Ascephasma) viridimarginatum, De Haan, Orth. 
Orient, p. 115. 

Hah. In insula Java. In Mus. Lugdunensi. 

The above dimensions are derived from a careful exami- 
nation of the original types preserved in the Museum at 
Leyden. 

10. (243.) Aschipasma pilosipes. 

Corpore pedibusque fuscis ; tibiis posticis pilosis ; alls 
sequalibus in utroque sexu, arese anticse nervo 3° fusco 
punctato ; tegminibus spinteformibus, apice acutis, solutis ; 
femoribus anticis basi sinuatis. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. \\ ; cap. liu. 1 ; proth. lin. 1 j ; 
mesoth. lin. 2^ ; metath. lin. 2^; abdom. lin. 10 -f lin. 3 
= liu. 13 ; alar, expans. liu. 24 ; lat. alse, lin. 6. 

Phasma (Ascephasma) pilosipes, Be Haan, Orth. Orient. 
p. 115. 
Hab. Borneo. In Mus. Lugdunensi. 

The male only of this species is preserved in the Leyden 
Museum. 



11. (244.) Aschipasma iridescens. 

Corpore, pedibus, alarum area antica viridibus ; tegmini- 
bus spiuceformibus, apice acutis, solutis ; femoribus anticis 
basi sinuatis. 

Long. corp. 1" 2'"; proth. 1'"; mesoth. 24'"; lat. me- 
soth. f" ; long. alar. 10'" ; lat. alar. 5'". 

Phasma (Ascephasma) iridescens. Be Haan, Orth. Orient. 
p. 116. 
Hab. In Sumatra. In Mus. Lugdunensi. 

The original type of this species in the Leyden Museum 
is considerably damaged, and has lost the greater portion 
of the abdomen. 



96 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



12. (245.) Aschipasma Peleus. 
Plate XV. fig. 4, female. 

Elougatum, parallelura, cyliudricum, inerme, fuscum, 
nigio-sublineatum ; pro- et mesothorace oblongis ; tegrai- 
nibus spinreformibus ; alis fusco-albidis, area costali luteo- 
fusca, albido-tessellata ; pedibus brevibus, hirsutis, tibiis 
obscure annulatis (f'oem.). 

Long. Corp. fcem. lin. 24 ; cap. lin. U; anten. liu. IC ; 
proth. lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 3i; metath. lin. 31 ; abdom. 
lin. Il+lin. 3 = lin. 14; alar, expans. lin. 2.5-27 ; lat. alee, 
lin. 7-S. 

Perlamorpha Peleus, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 22 (nee 
SemUe, H.N. Orth. p. 277 = A. Servilleanum). 
Ditnneister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. p. 583. 
Phasma (Ascephasma) Peleus, Be Haan, Orth. Orient. 
p]i. 113, 115. 

II„b. Li Malabar et Malacca {!). Wallace). Li Mus. 
Saunders et B.M. 

This species is considerably elongated, and is further di- 
stinguished by the minute spiniform tegmina. It is closely 
allied to A. Baunus, but has shorter legs and larger wings. 
The accompanying figure is taken from a specimen from 
Malacca, which agrees with the original type in the British 
Museum, except that the wings are slightly longer and 
broader. The head is small, luteous brown, obscurely 
marked with brown spots and lines. The antenna; are 
rather short and very slender ; the joints pale at the base, 
dark at the extremity. The prothorax is about one-fourth 
longer than wide, cylindrical, with a sMghtly impressed 
median line. The mesothorax is rather wider than the 
prothorax, and about twice as long as it is broad ; its sur- 
face is slightly granulose, and varied with paler dots and 
small dark spots in front and behmd. The tegmina are 
reduced to two small, acute, obliquely elevated black spines. 
The metathorax is about the length of the mesothorax, its 
hinder division occupying about two-thirds of its whole 
length. The abdomen is long and slender ; the basal seg- 
ments with two black spots in front of each ; the three ter- 
minal joints short. The operculum swollen at the base ; 
the apex much compressed, extending to the middle of the 
ninth dorsal segment. The wings are moderate-sized, pale 
brown, with the longitudinal veins rather darker, the trans- 
verse ones scarcely visible ; the costal area is luteous brown, 
with numerous small, irregular, more or less distinct whitish 
spots. The legs are short, setose, single ; the fore femora 
tliick, scarcely excavated at the base ; the tibia; slender, 
and slightly ringed with pale luteous ; hind legs uniformly 
coloured beneath. 

Plate XV. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
extremity of the abdomen seen sideways. 



13. (246.) Aschipasma crudele, Westw. 
Plate IX. fig. 7, female. 

Obscure luteum fusco variegatum ; meso- et metanotis 
antice macida lutea notatis ; tegminibus brevibus, erectis, 
spina;formibus ; alis pallide fuscescentibus, costa fusco-lutea 
albo maculata striolaeiue media obscura ; pedibus brevibus, 
hirtis, femoribus anticis basi paulo curvatis, omnibus ante 
apicem annulo obscuro tibiisque apice nigris (foem.). 

Long. corp. foem. lin. 26 ; cap. hn. 6f ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 3; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 13-hlin. 2^= 
lin. 151; alar, expans. hn. 35 ; lat. ate, lin. 11. 

Hah. In insula Ceylon. B.M. 

This is one of the largest species of the genus, and is 
well distinguished by its short mesothorax, spiniform teg- 
mina, setose legs, and the round spots of the costa of the 
wings. The head is small ; the eyes prominent, but not 
so wide as the mesothorax; it is dirty luteous, with a 
square black patch in the middle of the hind part, and with 
two blackish streaks behind the eyes. The antenna; are 
slender, with the joints gradually elongated, and with the 
tips of the joints dusky ; they are nearly destitute of hairs 
(the tips are broken off in the only specimen 1 have seen). 
The i)rothorax is longer than the head, dirty luteous, with 
a dark patch in the middle of the fore margin, and a dark 
lateral spot behind the eyes. The mesothorax, as well as 
the metathorax, has a large pale luteous spot in the middle 
i of its anterior dorsal portion. The abdomen is dirty lu- 
teous, considerably varied with dusky markings ; the three 
terminal dorsal segments are short, the seventh being con- 
stricted at the base. The operculum is slightly boat- 
shaped, and extends nearly to the extremity of the last 
dorsal segment ; the anal styles are deflexed and obtuse. 
The tegmina are small, erect, and spiniform at the extre- 
mity, the base of each curved and dilated. The wings are 
very pale brown, slightly darker along the apical margin ; 
the costa darker luteous brown, varied with a considerable 
number of white spots, the principal longitudinal vein 
being clouded with black for about half its basal length ; 
the other veins, transverse as well as longitudinal, are 
whitish. The legs are short, rather thick, and hirsute ; the 
fore femora are shghtly curved at the base ; the femora are 
all dirty pale luteous, with a dusky ring near the extremity ; 
the tibiffi are also black at the tips, which are slightly di- 
lated ; the tarsi are also annulated with dusky, the basal 
joint being about as long as the three following. 

Plate IX. Fig. 7. The female insect, of the natural size. 7 a. 
One of the tegmina. 7 b. The terminal segments of the 
abdomen seen sideways. 



PHASMID.E. ASCIIIPASMA. 



97 



14. (247.) Aschipasma DnlicMa, JJ'estw. 
Plate XXXIII. fig. 2, male. 

Elongatum, gracile, fuscvim ; capite pone ooilos flavo- 
bilineato ; pro- et mesotlioracis lateribus nifo-luteis ; teg- 
minibus minutis, nigris, spinseformibus ; alis yix fumosis, 
area costali fusca, margins autico basali fasciisque 4 irregu- 
laribus albidis ; pedibus fusco luteoque variis, segmentis 
apicalibus ventralibus maris baud dilatatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. lin. 17 ; cap. lin. 1 ; protb. liu. li ; mesoth. 
lin. 2 ; metath. lin. 2| ; abdom. lin. 8 + lin. 2 = lin. 10; 
alar, expans. lin. 20. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo (D. JJ'dUace). In Mus. Saun- 
ders. 

Nearly allied to the male of A. Daunus, but with the 
tegmina much shorter, and the terminal segments of the 
underside of the body not swollen in the male. It is slen- 
der, with the abdomen elongated and subcylindrical. The 
head is blackish above, slightly varied with luteous ; the 
sides of the head behind the eyes with two luteous lines. 
Antennae slender and blackish. The prothorax with the 
sides dirty reddish ; the upper side with a large central 
black spot contracted in the middle. The mesothorax not 
twice the length of the prothorax, blackish above, and with 
the sides dirty reddish. Tegmina very small, and resem- 
bling two minute, acute, erect black spines. "Wings hyaline, 
very slightly stained with blackish brown along the edges ; 
the costal area brown, with the base of the fore margin, 
several spots near the base, and four very irregular fasciae 
hyaline^ The legs are slender and short, very slightly setose ; 
the fore femora slightly sinuated at the base ; they are all 
varied with dark brown and luteous ; the femora black at 
the extremity, and the posterior pair of tibiae entirely lu- 
teous on the upper surface. The abdomen is elongate, 
slender, and subcylindrical ; the terminal segments not 
swollen, and but slightly wider than the preceding. 

Plate XXXIIT. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



15. (248.) Aschipasma Eryx, U'estw. 
Plate XIX. fig. 3. 
Gracile, cylindricum, inernie, viridi-fuscum ; antennis 
elongatis, meso- et metathoracis lateribus femoribusque vi- 
ridibus ; tegminibus spinfeforniibus ; alis fuscis, area costali 
lutea maculis minutissimis fuscis ; femoribus anticis fere 
rectis, quatuor posterioribus subtus spinis minutis nonnullis 
armatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. lin. 17^; cap. lin. 1 ; antcn.lin. 13; proth. 



lin. 1; mesoth. lin. 2\ ; metath. lin. 2f ; abdom. lin. 8^-1- 
lin. li=;lin. 10 ; alar, expans. lin. 22. 

Hab. In Malacca (/>. JVuUuce). In Mus. Saunders. 

Slender, obscure, greenish brown. Body destitute of 
spines or tubercles. Eyes with a transverse black line. 
Crown of head with a slender pale line on each side behind 
the eyes, and a central impressed longitudinal line. An- 
tennae long, slender, with about thirty-five slender joints, 
slightly setose. Mesothorax about half as long again as 
the prothorax, widened behind ; its sides, as well as those 
of the metathorax, obscure green. Abdomen long, slender, 
cylindrical, slightly dilated at the extremity ; terminal 
joint rounded behind ; the anal styles deflexed, obtuse at 
the tip, setose. Tegmina in the shape of two minute erect 
black spines. Wings brown ; costal area pale luteous ; the 
cells formed by the transverse veins pale brown ; principal 
vein entire, pale green towards the base, preceded by a 
longitudinal brown stripe. Legs slender, rather short, 
tinged with green, finely setose ; anterior femora nearly 
straight ; four posterior femora with several minute spines 
along the under surface ; terminal ventral segments of the 
abdomen scarcely swollen, the last narrow and compressed. 

Plate XIX. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen laterally. 



IG. (249.) Aschipasma Damis, Westw. 
Plate XX. fig. 3, male. 

Elongatum, gracile, laeve, inerme, tenue villnsum ; abdo- 
mine tenui, fusco ; capite, pro- et mesothorace piceis ; 
antennis gracilibus ; tegminibus minutis, spinaeformibus ; 
alis fuscis, area costali lutescente, pallide fusco maculatis- 
sima ; pedibus fulvo-fuscis, femoribus anticis ad basin 
parum emarginatis, stylis aualibus elongatis, forcipiformi- 
bus (mas). 

Long. Corp. lin. 23 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 14 ; proth. 
lin. 2i ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 10 -|- 
lin. 2i=lin. 12^; alar, expans. lin. 19^. 

Hab. In insula Java {Dr. Horsfield). In Mus. See. 
Merc. Ind. Orient. 

Of this species I have only seen a single perfect male, 
of which the wings are comparatively smaller than those 
of the supposed male of Asc. Daunus ; they are, in fact, 
more analogous to those of the female. It is rather longer 
than the male oi A. flavicorne, De Haan ; but the uniform 
minute maculation of the costal area of the wings at once 
distinguishes it from that species. The head, pro- and me- 
sothorax are pitchy-coloured, the remainder of the body 
being reddish brown. The head is small and rounded. 



!)8 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



flattish on the crown. The antennsB are slender, with the 
joints numerous and very indistinct. The surface of the 
body is very finely villose. The prothorax has an im- 
pressed line down the middle of the anterior half. The 
metathorax has the sides nearly parallel. The abdomen 
is slender and cylindrical, the terminal segments very much 
swollen ; the eighth segment rounded beneath at the sides 
and emargiuate towards the ninth joint, which is rounded ; 
the terminal ventral segment is very concave and swollen, 
rounded at its extremity, which extends beyond the ninth 
dorsal segment ; the anal styles are elongated, deflexed, 
incurved, obtuse at the tips, and setose. The tegmina are 
minute, spiniform, black, with a fine luteous line at the 
base in front. The wings are pale brown ; the costal area 
pale luteous, with the spaces enclosed by the small trans- 
verse veins brown. The legs are reddish brown, slender, 
simple, and moderately long ; the fore femora slightly emar- 
giuate at the base, pitchy brown beyond the middle. 

Plate XX. Fig. 3. Tlie male, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sidewajs. 

17. (250.) Aschipasma Davmus, Tf'estw. 

Plate XX. fig. 2, male. 

Plate XVIII. fig. 2, female. 

Elongatum, cylindricum, parallelum, Iseve, inerme, fusco- 
luteum fusco plus minusve varium ; capite utrinque linea 
tenui lutea pone oeulos ; tegminibus minutis, erectis, spinai- 
formibus ; alls maris mediocribus, foeminse minoribus, an- 
gustis, pallide fuscis, apice parum obscurioribus, area cos- 
tali albido fuscoque nebulosa ; pedibus subbrevibus, sira- 
plieibus, fusco luteoque variegatis (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, liu. 19 ; cap. lin. 1^ ; anten. liu. 13 ; 
proth. lin. 1^; mesoth. lin. 2i ; metath. lin. 2^; abdom. 
lin. 9 + lin. 2 = lin. 11 ; alar, expans. lin. 22. 

Long. Corp. frem. lin. 24 ; cap. lin. l^; proth. lin. If ; 
mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 1 1^-1- liu. 2^ = 
lin. 14 ; alar, expans. lin. 19. 

Hab. Java (Dr. Horsfield). In Coll. See. Merc. Ind. 
Orient. 

Most nearly allied to A. affine, De Haan, but larger, 
and with comparatively larger wings in the female ; the 
thorax and costal veins of the wings differently coloured. 
Long, slender, of equal width throughout, smooth, very 
finely villose, destitute of spines or tubercles, of a brownish 
luteous colour varied with dark brown spots and streaks. 
Head slightly convex, with a fine impressed longitudinal 
line in the middle of the hind part : on eacli side behind 
the eyes is a slender luteous line, and several others less di- 
stinct. The antennte are of moderate length and slender. 



The prothorax is about two-thirds of the length of the me- 
sothorax ; the surface of both is smooth, and varied with 
dark longitudinal stripes on a paler ground, the central dark 
line being the broadest, and interrupted in the middle by 
a small bilobed pale oval spot. The tegmina are small, 
erect, and spiniform. The wings of the male are of mo- 
derate size, those of the female reaching to the middle of 
the fourth dorsal segment of the abdomen ; comparatively 
narrow, of a very pale brown colour, slightly darker along 
the outer margin, with rather darker longitudinal veins ; the 
costal margin brown along the anterior portion, the hinder 
portion irregularly clouded with whitish and brownish-buff 
markings ; the median vein simple. The abdomen long 
and simple, varied with dark longitudinal marks ; the three 
terminal joints very much swollen in the male, those of the 
ventral surface large, extending beyond the ninth dorsal 
segment ; the apex bent upwards, obtuse at the tip, and 
slightly emargiuate, widely gaping, enclosing the dilated 
male organ terminating in an acute point ; the anal styles 
thick and deflexed, dilated, oval, pointed, setose. The 
operculum very compressed, extending to the extremity of 
the ninth dorsal segment, widely gaping at the extremity, 
exposing four slender curved appendages dilated at the 
base. Four fore legs simple, short ; fore femora slightly 
sinuated at the base ; hind pair longer, slender, scarcely 
setose. 

Plate XX. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

Pl-ate XVIII. Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. 
One of the spiniform tegmina. 2b. The extremity of the 
body seen sideways. 

Obs. It is only from conjecture that I have given the 
two insects above described as the sexes of the same 
species. 

18. (251.) Aschipasma infumatum. 
Pallidum, brunneo-maculatum, alarum area antiea hya- 
lino brunneoque tessellata (maris plaga viridi), postica in- 
fumata. 

Ascepasma infumatum, Charpentier, Orfh. Descript. \>l. 41. 
Hab. In Java. 

From Charpentier's figures, this species seems to ap- 
proach nearly to A. Daunns, but has the costal area of 
the vrings more spotted (and marked with a green patch in 
the males) ; and also to have the legs more variegated. 

19. (252.) Aschipasma Servilleanum. 
Viridi-fuscum ; capite et thorace hneis nigris longitudi- 
ualibus plus minusve distinetis notatis ; tegminibus minutis. 



PHASMID^. LOPAPHUS. 



99 



foliolum angustissimum acutum simulantibus ; alls in utro- 
(jue sexu valde insequalibus, maris longitudine abdominis, 
foeminse fere dimidio brevioribus et magis rotnndatis, hya- 
linis, subobscuris, venis transversis apicibusque fusco parum 
tinctis ; costa subopaea, brunneo pallide undulata ; pedibus 
[posticis tantnm ?] valde pubescentibus, bruuneo-viridibus 
nigro-maculatis (mas et fcem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 1^ ; abdom. maris, lin. 9 + lin. 2 = 
lin. 11; expans. alar, maris, lin. 23; expans. alar. fcem. 
lin. 13. 

Perlamorpha Peleus, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 277. pi. 8. 
f. 1, female (nee G. R. Gray). 
Rah. In insula Java. Olim in Mus. Serville. B.M. 

This species was regarded by M. Serville as identical 
with the P. Peleus of Mr. G. R. Gray. Having, however, 
fortunately obtained in Paris the fragments of the three 
tvpical specimens described by Serville, I have ascertained 
its distinctness not onl^* from that species, but also from any 
of the preceding. In the very pilose legs it approaches 
P. jiilosipes of De Haan ; but that author's description of 
the identity in the size of the wings of both sexes, and the 
maculation of the third vein of the costal area, sufficiently 
distinguish it from De Haan's species. It also approaches 
A. affine of De Haan, but the shorter wings and swollen 
terminal segments of the abdomen of that species suffi- 
ciently separate the two ; the latter character also, as well 
as the simple anal styles and larger size, distinguishes P. 
Daunus from Serville's insect, although they agree in the 
dissimilar size of the wings in the opposite sexes. 

The Servillean specimens are in a deplorable condition ; 
but the abdomen of the male is perfect, and shows that the 
terminal ventral segments are not in the least swollen, and 
that the anal styles are short, but very broad and deflexed, 
with the extremity emarginate-truncate. Serville describes 
the legs generally as very pubescent ; but I can only dis- 
cover this character in one pair of legs, and suppose them 
to be the posterior. 

Genus 23. LOPAPHUS, TJ'estw. 
Group XV., De Haan, o. c. p. 125. 

Body long, winged in both sexes. Mesothorax very 
much elongated. Wings similar in form in both sexes, 
arcuated, abbreviated, varying in length from the extremity 
of the metathorax to the fourth abdominal segment. Teg- 
mina much smaller than the wings. Abdomen long in 
both sexes. Legs long, unarmed, or with but small lobes 
or leaflets. 

Inhabit the Eastern Archipelago and Northern Australia. 



This group is evidently an artificial one, containing seve- 
ral distinct types of form, — all, however, distinguished by 
possessing rudimental or short wings and wing-covers. 

1. (253.) Lopaphus Bojei. 

Foem. Alls oblongo-cycloideis ; elytris alarumque area 
anteriore viridibus, area posteriore carnea ; capite inermi ; 
fcmoribug anticis mediisque infra 3-denticulatis, ])ostremis 
ultra medium denticulatis. 

Long. Corp. 4" ; proth. 3'" ; mosoth. 9'" ; ped. postr. 
2" 5'" ; elytr. 4'" ; alar. 1" 5'" ; anten. 1". 

Phasma Bojei, De Haan, Orthopt. Orient, p. 125. pi. 13. 
f. 3, fern. 
Hah. Macassar. 

2. (254.) Lopaphus brachypterus. 

Foem. Olivacea ; capite inermi ; mesothorace granulato ; 
prothorace quater longiore ; alls abbreviatis, dimidiuni 
articulum secundum abdominis sequantibus, hyalinis ; 
femoribus mediis postremisque latere inferiore apicali bi- 
denticulatis. 

Long. Corp. 4" 1'" ; proth. 3'" ; mesoth. 1" ; elytr. 4'" ; 
alar. 9V" ; ped. postr. 2" 3'" ; anten. 2" 2'". 

Phasma brachypterum, De Haan, Orthopt. Orient, p. 125. 
pi. 13.f. 2, i'em. 
Hah. Sumatra. 

3. (255.) Lopaphus Coccophagus. 

Mas elongatus, subcylindricus ; foemina latior, subde- 
pressa, inermis ; tegminibus parvis ; alis puniceis, area cos- 
tah luteo-fulva, maris usque ad basin segmenti 3'" abdo- 
minis extensis, foeminse longitudine metathoraci sequalibus, 
utriusque sexus segmentis ultimis abdominalibus elongatis, 
prsecedentibus sequahbus ; operculo fceminae acuto, paulo 
ultra apicem abdominis exteuso, stylis analibus longitudine 
segmenti ultimi lanceolatis, segmento apicali maris angulis 
externis rotundatis, postice in medio paulo eniarginato, 
stylis brevioribus obtusis. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2J ; cap. lin. 2J ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 6^ ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 13|-f lin. 4 
=lin. 17| ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. lin. 17. 

Long. Corp. fosra. cum operc. unc. 4| ; cap. lin. 4; proth. 
lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 10 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 23-|- 
lin. 8^ = lin. 3H ; styl. anal. lin. 3^. 

Ajilopus Coccophagus, G. R. Gray, MSS. 

Alopus Cocophages, Keivport in Phil. Trans. 1844, p. 288. 

pi. 14. f. 4. 

Hah. Navigator's Island (Duke of Northumberland). In 
Mus. Banks."(Soc. Linn.), Ilopeiano Oxonia;, et B.M. 

o 2 



100 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



According to information given by Mr. Nightingale to 
tiie Entomological Society of London (July 6, 183.5), this 
species of Phasmidce is one of the most injurious insects 
inhabiting the Bara Tonga Islands of the South Pacific 
Ocean, where it is sometimes so abundant, feeding upon 
the cocoa-nut trees, and devouring both the old stock and 
the young shoots, that orders are issued by the chiefs to 
destroy them by cutting them in pieces, thereby to pre- 
vent the damage which they inflict on this tree, which con- 
stitutes, in fact, the chief support of the community. Simi- 
lar particulars of the habits of this species are also given 
in Williams's ' Missionary Enterprise in the South Seas,' 
p. 49.5. 

4. (256.) Lopaphus galacpterus. 

Obscure viridis ; capitis spinis duabus acutis abbreviatis, 
inter oculos locatis ; alls lacteis ; prothorace bispinoso ; me- 
sothorace 1 2-spinoso, spinis 6-seriatis ; pedibus niarmoratis, 
anticis siuuatis. 

Mas. Corpore lineari, angusto. 

Long. Corp. 2" ; proth. 1'" ; mesoth. 7'" ; olytr. \\"' ; 
alar. 5'"; ped. postr. 1" 6'". 

Foem. Corpore bis latiore, abdominis articulis margine 
posteriore subprominentibus. 

Long. Corp. 2" /'" ; proth. \\"' ; mesoth. 9'" ; alar. /'"; 
ped. postr. 2" 2'". 

Phasma galaepterum, De /Zaan, Orthopt. Orient . p. 127. 
pi. 13. f. 5. mas, f. 4. fern. 

Hab. Sumatra. 

5. (2,57.) Lopaphus Macklottii. 

Fusco- et viridi-marmoratus ; capitis spinis duabus iu- 
crassatis acutis ; alls luteis, margine exteriore fusco, albo 
punctato ; thorace laevi ; pedibus marmoratis et fasciatis, 
anticis non sinuatis. 

Mas. Corpore lineari ; pedibus postremis corpore loiigi- 
oribus. 

Long. Corp. 2" \"' ; proth. l^'"; mesoth. 6|"' ; ped. 
postr. 2" 4"' ; auten. 2" 3"' ; elytr. 3"'; alar. 1". 

Foem. Abdomine ter latiore, articulis margine poste- 
riore lobo obtuso angulato auctis, vagina tubiformi. 

Long. corp. 2" 9'" ; proth. 2'" ; mesoth. 7j"' ; ped. 
postr. 2" T"; elytr. 3'"; alar. 1". 

Phasma Macklottii, Be Ilann, Orth. Orient, p. 126. pi. 1 1 . 
f. 1. mas, f. 2. foem. 

Hab. Buiteuzorg. 

The operculum of the female is constructed as in Ano- 
phelepis Xiphias and in Lopaphus Hadrillus. I also saw 



a species in the Museum of Leyden, and in that of the 
Zoological Society of Amsterdam from the Island of Nias, 
exhibiting a similar structure, having also very short rudi- 
mental tegmina, but no trace of wings. I had not, how- 
ever, an opportunity of describing it. 



6. (258.) Lopaphus Hadrillus, 11'estw. 
Plate XXVIII. fig. 4. 

Fuscus luteo variegatus, luteoque granulatus ; capite et 
thorace spinosis ; obscurus, antennis palliJis, apice fusco 
annulatis ; tegrainibus suhrotundatis, longitudine dimidii 
metanoti, ante medium alte angulatis ; alls vis tegminibus 
duplo longioribus, area costali nigra, postlca iufumata ; pedi- 
bus intermediis crassioribus, femoribus ante apiceni supra 
bi-, infra uni-lobatis, tarsis compressis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3| ; cap. lln. 3 ; proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. 
lin. 11 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 17 + lin. 6 = lin. 23 ; 
tegm. lin. 3^ ; alee, lin. 6 ; expans. alar. lin. 15. 

Hab. In Sarawak, Borneo (D. Wallace). In Mus. 
Saunders. 

Female. Long, narrow, and subcylindrical, of a brownish 
black colour varied with luteous, and furnished with luteous 
tubercles, granules, and spines. Head with two acute, 
erect, rather diverging spines in the middle of the crown, 
and several smaller ones at the sides. Ocelli wanting. 
Antennae long, luteous, annulated near the tips with brown; 
basal joint subquadrate, flat. Prothorax with two spines 
near together in the middle of the anterior part, and two 
wider apart behind. Mesothorax spinose, with five pairs 
of larger spines on the upper surface at nearly equal di- 
stances apart ; the first pair near the front, and the fifth 
near the hind margin, these two pairs, as well as the fourth, 
close together ; the second and third pairs with the spines 
wide apart. Metathorax with the sides finely spined, each 
having two larger spines, the second close to the insertion 
of the hind legs. Abdomen long, subcylindrical, subru- 
gose ; each of the basal segments with a transverse row of 
minute spines near the hind margin, largest in the fourth 
and fifth segments : these and the following are slightly 
dilated on each side at a short distance from the base ; ter- 
minal segment subquadrate, rugose at the sides and apex ; 
the anal styles exserted. Operculum extending beyond 
the extremity of the abdomen ; its apex compressed, emar- 
ginate, and very finely serrated, accompanied by a pair of 
elongated horny compressed plates of equal length, arising 
from the eighth segment, furcate at the tip ; the upper 
division slender and acute, the lower truncate and denti- 
culated. The tegmina are nearly rounded, blackish, with 



PHASMID.E. LOPAPHUS. 



101 



a conical elevation near the base. Wings small, extending 
to the middle of the basal segment of the abdomen ; fore 
margin blackish ; hind area smoky, with dark veins. Legs 
moderately long, the middle ones shorter and thicker than 
the rest, blackish, varied with irregular luteous fascioc ; 
fore femora with a small tooth near the apex beneath ; 
middle femora with two acute lobes near the tip above, and 
one beneath ; hind pair with a small spine near the apex 
beneath ; all the tibiae slightly dilated near the base within. 
Tarsi compressed, but not crested. 

Plate XXVIII. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. 
The two inner appendages of the operculum seen from 
above. 4 b. The terminal segments of the body seen side- 
ways. 

A female pupa, rather more than .3 inches long, has the 
rudimental tegmina 1^ line long, and the rudimental wings 
2 lines long. A male pupa, nearly 2| inches long, has 
rudimental wing-covers 1 line long, and rudimental wings 
4 lines long ; the latter similar to those of the insect repre- 
sented in PI. XXVII. fig. 4. The armature of the body 
and legs is similar to that of the female, but the spines and 
rugosities are less developed. 



7. (259.) Lopaphtis Hellotis, TTestw. 
Plate XL. fig. 1 . 

Elongatus, obscurus, fuscus luteo-varius ; capite inermi ; 
pro- et mesothoracibus multispinosis ; tegminibus parvis, 
rotundatis, longitudine dimidii alarum eequalibus ; alis ad 
medium segmenti 1"' abdominis exteusis, obscure albidis, 
puniceo subtinctis fuscoque nebulosis, area costali fusca, 
lutescenti paulo varia ; operculo apicem abdominis super- 
ante, apice fisso, laminis duabus cornels apice fissis instructo ; 
pedibus quatuor auticis elougatis, inermibus ; antennis valde 
elongatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. cum operc. unc. 4i ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. 
fere unc. 4 ; proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 1 1 ; metath. lin. G ; 
abdom. lin. 25 -|- lin. 6 -|- operc. lin. 2J = lin. 33^ ; tegm. 
lin. 4 ; alar, expans. lin. 1 6. 

Hab. Borneo. In Mus. Hopeiano Oxonite (ohm. nostr.). 

Elongated, subcylindrical, with the terminal segments of 
the abdomen dilated. Head subquadrate, luteous ; hind 
part darker, without ocelli or spines. Antenuse nearly the 
length of the body. Pro- and mesothorax armed with 
numerous spines, the anterior ones directed obliquely for- 
wards ; those of the prothorax forming two rows, those of 
the mesothorax forming three, the central row running 
along the dorsal central carina ; the sides and under part 
also armed with smaller spines. Tegmina small, nearly 



rounded, brown, with a small pale spot near the inner mar- 
gin. Wings about twice the length of the tegmina, and 
extending to the middle of the first abdominal segment ; 
costal area brown, with luteous shades ; hhider area dirty 
white, slightly tinged with pink and with several brownish 
clouds. Abdomen long and unarmed. Operculum extend- 
ing beyond the extremity of the abdomen, its apex slit ; 
armed at the sides with two elongated horny appendages, 
furcate at their tips, enclosing two elongated curved fila- 
ments, as in several of the preceding species. Legs long 
and simple (the two hind ones wanting in my unique spe- 
cimen of the female). 

Plate XL. Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. I a. The 
teimiual segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



8. (2G0.) Lopaphus Struthioneus, TFestw. 
Plate XXXIV. fig. 3, female. 

Valde elongatus, subcyliudricus, inermis, fuscus ; meso- 
noto supra granulis miuutis distantibus notato et protho- 
race sex triplo longiori ; tegminibus minutis, squamiformi- 
bus ; alis metathorace dimidio bre^•ioribus, roseis venis lon- 
gitudinalibus latis nigris, area costali fusca griseo nebulosa ; 
pedibus longis, compressis ; femoribus quatuor posticis ante 
apicem subtus bispinosis, tarsorum anticorum articulo 
basali supra dilatato (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 6, lin. 7 ; cap. lin. 4 ; anten. unc. 3| ; 
proth. lin. 3^ ; mesoth. lin. 22 ; metath. lin. 10 ; abdom. 
lin. 34 + lin. 6 = lin. 40; tegm. lin. 1^; alar, expans. 
lin. 16. 

Hab. Singapore. B.M. 

This species is at once distinguished by its large size, the 
disproportionate length of the mesothorax, and the very 
small tegmina and wings. The head is nearly square, 
rather flattened above, with the hinder margin raised into 
four small elevations. The antennae are long and very 
slender ; the basal joint flattened above ; they are uniform 
brown. The mesothorax is very long and subcylindrical, 
with the middle ridge but slightly indicated ; the surface is 
marked with a number of minute acute granules placed 
wide apart, of which also there is a row of about fifteen 
along each lateral margin. The hind part is dilated at the 
place of insertion of the middle legs, and on the upper side 
are affixed the two minute scale-like black tegmina. The 
metathorax is considerably wider than the mesothorax, with 
the wings aflSxed at about one-fourth of its length from the 
fore margin ; they are small, being about two-thirds of the 
length of the metathorax ; they are rich rosy-coloured, with 
seven or eight longitudinal black veins gradually widening 



102 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



to the hind margin ; tlie costal area is brown, with grey 
clouds and spots. The abdomen is long, narrow, cylin- 
drical, and unarmed ; the three terminal segments are 
short (equal to the fifth in length) ; the ninth having its 
hinder lateral angles deflexcd and acute, with the apex sub- 
truncate, the angles of the truncation produced into two 
^'ery small points, having the short anal styles, which are 
obtuse and rounded at the tips, beneath them ; the centre 
is also slightly porrected and minutely furcate. The legs 
are long, slender, and compressed ; the four posterior 
femora with two small spines on the underside near the 
tips ; and the basal joint of the anterior tarsi is elevated on 
its upper side into a large rounded leaflet. The operculum 
is simple, navicular, and extends to the extremity of the 
abdomen. 

A second specimen in the National Collection is rather 
smaller than the one described above, with the costal area 
of the wings more strongly marked with rounded luteous 
spots, and the hind portion of the wings pale fulvous with 
dark veins. 

Plate XXXIV. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a. 
The e.xtremity of the body seen sidewavs. 

9. (261.) Lopaphus Gorgus, TJ'estw. 
Plate XI. fig. 4, female. 

Pallide oUvaceo-fuscus, opacus ; abdomine fusco ; capite 
et thorace granulatis ; tegminibus oblongo-ovalibus ; alls 
mediocribus, arese costalis basi fusco maculata, medio stra- 
minea, apice castaneo-rufo, area postica chalybea maculis 
numerosis albis ; antennis brevioribus, 22-articulatis ; pedi- 
bus longis, femoribus anticis acute serratis, intermediis 
lobo magno membranaceo ante medium marginis superi 
cum duabus alteris minoribus in medio et prope apicem 
positis, posticis spinulosis loboque parvo ante medium 
marginis superi instructis (foem.). 

Long. corp. unc. Sf ; cap. lin. 3| ; anten. lin. 14 ; proth. 
lin. 3; mesoth. lin. 10; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 18-F 
lin. 7=lin. 25; tegm. lin. 10|^; alar, expans. hn. 29. 

Hab. Richmond River, Australia. B.M. 

I am only acquainted with females of this fine species. 
The head is oval, granulated, with three small ocelliform 
tubercles in a triangle between the eyes. The antennae are 
as long as the pro- and mesothorax, 22-jointed, the basal 
joint large. The pro- and mesothorax are finely granu- 
lated ; the latter wider than the former, with the sides 
nearly parallel. The abdomen is widened from the base to 
the fourth and fifth segments, which have a longitudinal 
raised space in the middle of the hind margin terminatino- 



in a small membranous lobe ; the seventh segment is much 
narrowed, forming with the two following segments an 
oblong-ovate mass. The operculum is very wide, and ex- 
tends slightly beyond the extremity of the abdomen. The 
tegmina are elongate-ovate, with the ordinary carina near 
the base strongly marked. The wings are rather short, 
extending to about the hind margin of the third abdominal 
segment ; the costal area is brown at the base, forming ill- 
defined dark spots towards the middle of the area, which 
is pale straw-coloured, the apical portion being rich chest- 
nut-red ; the hinder area is steel-blue, with numerous white 
spots, one of larger size than the rest near the middle of its 
anterior portion. The legs are long ; the fore femora 
strongly serrated along the upper edge ; the tibiae with 
numerous minute spines ; the middle femora with a large 
foliaceous lobe, pointed at the tip, at about one-third of the 
length from the base of the upper edge, with two small 
aeute lobes between it and the apex ; the hind femora with 
several small spines and a larger lobe before the middle ; the 
four hind tibia) with a small lobe on the outer edge near 
the base, and several small spines on each of the edges. 

Plate XI. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



Genus 24. XERODERUS. 

Xeroderus, G. R. Gray, Burmeister (o. c. p. 582, note). 
Xeroderus (A.), Be Huan, Ortli. Orient, p. 116. 

Body elongate, rugose, with small oval tegmina and large 
wings in both sexes. Abdomen more or less lobed. Head 
small, square, flat. Antennae of moderate length. Ocelli 
three in a triangle between the eyes. Prothorax small. 
Mesothoi'ax about twice the length of the prothorax, rugose, 
dilated in the female. Tegmina oval, rather longer than 
the metathorax. Wings very large, as long as the abdo- 
men in both sexes. Abdomen long, narrow in the male, 
wider in the female, gradually attenuated, with lateral tri- 
angular dilated membranous lobes, most distinct in the 
female. Three terminal segments in both sexes of uniform 
length with the preceding joints, slightly dilated in the 
male, with the last segment furcate in the male, simple in 
the female, the ovipositor not extending beyond the extre- 
mity of the abdomen. Legs of moderate length, slender ; 
femora serrated. 

1. (262.) Xerodenis Kirbii. 
Plate XXXI. fig. 6, male ; fig. 7, female. 
Cinereus ; thorace depresso ; mesonoto latiori, spinoso ; 
tegminibus ovalibus areaque costali nigro reticulars, basi 



PHASMID.li. XERODERUS. 



nigris ; alis fuscis, basi sensiin purpurasceiiti-eoccineo 
tinctis, segmentis abdoraiualibus lateraliter acute lobatis 
(mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, utic. 2J ; cap. liii. 2 ; proth. liii. I i ; 
mesoth. lia. 4 ; metath. liu. 5i; abdom. lin. l(ij + lin. 4 = 
lin.20i ; tegm. lin. 5; ala;, lin. 22 ; expans. liii. 47. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 4 ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. lin. 2^ ; 
mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 21 + lin. 8 = 
lin. 29 ; tegm. liu. 8^ ; alse, lin. 30 ; expans. lin. fi4. 

Xeroderus Kirbii, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 32. 
Burmetster, llandb. d. Ent. ii. 2. p. 582. 
Hab. In Australia. In Mas. Hopeiano Oxonia?. 

The accompanying figures are taken from the two typical 
specimens (male and female) in the Hopeian Collection. 
The head is furnished with two pairs of tubercles close to 
the hind margin. The ocelli are large in both sexes. The 
antennae of the male are setose, with the joints long, the 
basal joint narrow (the extremity is broken off). The pro- 
notum is flat, and widened behind, with the lateral margins 
slightly elevated. The mesonotum has a raised, somewhat 
heart-shaped space, armed with short lateral spines, as well 
as with several on the disc ; there is also a curved row of 
short spines on each side, running from the anterior lateral 
angles to the base of the tegmiua, and the extreme lateral 
margins are also spined. The tegmina in both sexes are oval, 
with a very slight angulated elevation in the middle. The 
wings are large ; the costal area pale ashy buff, irregularly 
varied with brown, the chief vein furcate ; the membranous 
area pink, gradually shaded off to brown, the longitudinal 
veins strong and dark brown. The abdominal segments are 
furnished on each side with thin membranous lobes, acute 
at the hind angle, very much smaller in the male than in 
the female ; the former has the terminal dorsal segment of 
the abdomen elevated in the centre, whence it is furcate to 
the extremity ; the anal styles are long and obtuse ; the 
operculum of the female is simple, and extends to the ex- 
tremity of the abdomen. The legs are rather short in both 
sexes, with the femora serrated externally in the female. 

Plate XXXI. Fig. 6. The male, of the natural size (with the 
extremity of the legs and wings omitted). 6 a. The extre- 
mity of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Fig. 7. The female, of the natural size. 7 a. The extremity of 
the body seen sideways. 

2. (2G3.) Xeroderus ? Marchali. 

Plate XXXVI. fig. 4. 

Luteo-virescens ; capite et abdomine sublmvibus ; thorace 

subrugoso, capite postice lineis longitudinalibus notato ; 

prothorace tuberculis 4 minutis quadrangulum anticum 



103 

formantibus ; mesothorace in medio versus marginem an- 
ticum bituberculato, lateribus submembranaceis, spinis non- 
nulhs fortibus curvatis pubescentibus armatis ; tcgminibus 
ovalibus (long. lin. 3), opacis, antice obscure virescentibus, 
postice cinereis ; alis abdomine brevioribus, hyalinis, roseo 
parum tinctis ; venis transversis alhidis, costa opaca obscure 
virescenti, plaga elongata basali subrosea ; abdomine sub- 
lineari ; antennis et pedibus concoloribus, extus brunneo 
viridique subfasciatis ; femoribus omnibus membrana an- 
gusta et valde dentata instructis, dentibus pubescentibus et 
curvatis, femoribus supra dentibus parum miuoribus ar- 
matis ; tibiis 4 posticis spinosis, anticis 2 fere inermibus ; 
abdomine depresso, lateribus paralleHs, simplicibus. 

Long. Corp. lin. 22 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 11 ; proth. 
lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 3^ ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 8i-f 
lin. 2 = lin. loi ; tegm. lin. 2\ ; alar, expans. lin. 20. 

Prisopus Marchali, ServUle, H. N. Orili. p. 284. 
Xeroderus Marchali, De Haan, Orth. Orient, pp. 112, 116. 

Hub. In " He de France." Typus in Mus. Hopeiano 
Oxoniae. 

The simple structure of the abdominal segments of the 
unique male of this species, preserved in the Hupeian 
Museum, separates it from the genuine species of Prisopus, 
with which it agrees in the membranous and serrated ap- 
pendage of the legs. I do not doubt, when the female 
comes to be known, that it will be necessary to form a 
separate genus for its reception, it being here placed pro- 
visionally in that of Xeroderus. 

Plate XXXVI. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 

3. (264.) Xeroderus ? mauicatus. 

Linearis, fuscus ; antennis longitudine corporis ; elytris 
brevissimis, basi denticulo parvo elevato ; alis longis, rotun- 
datis, fuscis ; femoribus anticis membranaceis. 

Long. Corp. ? 

Mantis linearis, Fabricius, Ent. Si/st. ii. p. 15. no 14 • 
Ent. Syst. Suppl. p. 189 (Phasma 1.). 

Olivier, Eiic. Mcth. vii. 624 (Mantis 1.), (nee Phasma 
linearis, Drvry). 
Phasma manicatum, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. 1 ~. 
G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p, 28 (Prisopus man.). 
Phasma (Xeroderus) lineare, De Haan, Orthupt. Orient 
pp. 112, 116. 

Hab. In India orientali. 



Genus 25. XEROSOMA. 
Xerosoma, ServUle, G. R. Gray. 

Body subdepressed, rather broad, rugose, winged. Head 
of moderate size, subquadrate : eyes small. Ocelli 0. An- 



104 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



tennae long, Prothorax armed with two large compound 
spines. Mesothorax wider than the prothorax, and about 
twice its length. Tegmina oval, as long as the mesotho- 
rax. Wings of moderate size, about two-thirds of the length 
of the abdomen in the female. Abdomen wider than the 
thorax ; three terminal segments of uniform length with 
the preceding joints ; ovipositor and anal styles short. 
Legs of moderate length, slender, without lobes or dilata- 
tions. 

Inhabits Brazil. 

The female only of the unique species of this Brazilian 
type of form is known, and is contained in the National 
Museum of Paris. Burmeister's conjecture that it is the 
male of Prisopits spinicoUls is without foundation, the sim- 
ple structure of the legs being of itself sufficient to prove 
the wide separation of the two groups. 



1. (265.) Xerosoma canaliculatiim. 

Luteo-brunneum ; capite medio canaliculato, tubercu- 
lato, tuberculis duobus majoribus posticis ; thorace tuber- 
culato ; pronoto postice spinis duabus compositis ; tegmi- 
nibus virescentibus, carina mediana parum elevata ; alarum 
area antica virescenti opaca, basi subrosca, postica hyalina, 
fusco transverse reticulata ; pedibus viridi brunneis, subtus 
fusco maculatis ; antennis luteo-brunneis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2i ; cap. lin. 2; anten. lin. 16; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. Un. 5; abdom. lin. II -f 
lin. 5 = lin. 16; tegm. hn. 6; alar, expans. unc. 2i. 

Xerosoma canaliculatum, Serville, Ann. Sci. iVo<. xxii. p.61. 
G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 27. 
Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 275. 
Hub. In Brasilia. In Mus. Reg. Paris. 

The dimensions given above are taken from an examina- 
tion and drawing made by me from the typical specimen 
in the Paris Museum. 



Genus 26. CREOXYLUS. 

Creoxylus, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 265. 

Phasma, pars, G. R. Gray. 

Xeroderus, Sect. (B), De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 116. 

Body elongate, filiform, rugose ; head spined ; tegmina 
elongate-ovate ; wings large. Head subquadrate, rather 
larger than the prothorax. Ocelli wanting. Antenna; long, 
setaceous. Eyes large. Mesothorax about twice the length 
of the prothorax. Tegmina elongate ovate, as long as the 
pro- and mesothorax united, with the median carina strongly 
elevated in the middle. Wings large, as long as the abdo- 



men. Abdomen cylindric, elongated ; terminal segments 
dilated in the males. Legs of moderate length ; femora 
without membranous dilatations, the four posterior fur- 
nished with leaflets, largest in the middle legs ; tibiae not 
toothed, but with two small dilatations, one near the base, 
the other towards the extremity. 

I have followed De Haan in adding several species to 
this genus, which, however, seem to differ in various im- 
portant particulars from the original type (of which I have 
not been able to find any specimen in the Paris Collections, 
but which seems very closely allied to Phasma spinosiim of 
Fabricius = Ph. corniceps, G. R. Gray, of which the type 
is contained in the British Museum). It is indeed possible 
that the Eastern species of this group will require forming 
into a distinct genus when a better knowledge is obtained 
of Serville's type. 

1. (266.) Creoxylus corniger. 

Brunneo-rufescens ; capite rugoso, vertice cornubus duo- 
bus compressis auriformibus tuberculisque pluribus pos- 
ticis elevatis alterisque anticis minoribus ; prothorace tuber- 
culato ; mesothorace tuberculis majoribus instructo ; teg- 
minibus rufo-brunneis, ovalibus, apice acutis, costa mediana 
valida ; alls obscuris, hyalinis, costa opaca, rufo-brunnea, 
basi pallida ; pedibus concoloribus ; tibiis anticis extus 
lobis duobus foliaceis rudimentalibus ; femoribus inter- 
mediis foliolis 4, 2 externis 2que internis, loboque parvo 
interno subapicali ; tibiis extus versus basin foliolo altero- 
que fere apicali ; femoribus tibiisque posticis foliolis simi- 
libus, at niulto minoribus ; antennis rufo et brunueo annu- 
latis. 

Long. Corp. uuc. 2, lin. 3. 

Creoxylus corniger, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 265. 
Xeroderus corniger, De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 116. 
Hab. ? 



2. (267.) Creoxylus spinosus. 

Nigrescenti-brunneus ; capite bicorni, cornubus aurifor- 
mibus, dentatis ; thorace scaberrimo, mesothorace antice 
bispinoso ; tegminibus longis, juxta basin elevatis, reticu- 
latis ; alis subhyalinis, cinereis, nervis brunueo-nigris ; area 
costali basi carnea, reticulata ; abdomine piceo ; pedibus 
(anticis casu deficientibus) ; femoribus mediis dentatis, pos- 
ticis vix dentatis, tibiis simplicibus. 

Long. Corp. circ. unc. 2^; cap. lin. 2; proth. lin. 2; 
mesoth. lin. 4; metath. lin. 4; abdom. circ. unc. \\ ; 
tegm. lin. 6 ; alar, expans. unc. 3^. 



PHASMIDiE. CREOXYLUS. 



105 



Phastna (Xeroderus) spiuosum et corniceps, Be Haan, Orfh. 

Orieiit. p. 116. 
Mantis spinosa, Fabricuis, Eat. Syst. ii. p. 14 ; Ent. Si/st. 
Suppl.j). 188 (Phasnia sp.). 

Olivier, Enc. Meth. vii. 033. no. 40. 
Serville, Ann. Set. Nat. xxii. p. 58 (Phasma sp.). 
LatreiUe, Gen. Crust, et Ins. iii. 87. 
G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 22. 
Phasma corniceps, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 25. 

Had. In Indih (Fabr., nee in Incl. orient.); Demerara 
(G. R. Gray, sub P. corniceps). B.M. 

3. (268.) Creoxylus Simyra, JVestiv. 
Plate XXXII. fig. 3, male. 

Fusco-nigricans, obscurus ; capite, pro- et mesonotis gra- 
nulosis, vertice linea teuui abbreviata nigra, spinisque 4 
parvis sequalibus postice armato, lateribus pone oculos 
puncto parvo rotundo nigro notatis ; mesothorace prothorace 
vix triplo longiori, lateribus ante medium spinulis paucis 
armatis ; tegminibus ovalibus, carina ante medium angu- 
lariter elevata posticeque in laminam teuuem semirotun- 
dam dilatata ; alis fumosis, area costali fusca, venis obscu- 
rius subtessellatis ; femoribus anticis subtus eroso-dilatatis, 
tibiis anticis ad basin et apicem sublobatis, femoribus 4 
posticis subtus spinosis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^V ; cap. lin. \\ ; anten. lin. 15 ; proth. 
lin. 1^ ; mesotli. fere lin. 4^ ; metath. lin. 4^ ; abdom. liu. 1 1 
-|-lin. 2=lin. 13 ; tegm. lin. 2; alar, expans. lin. 30. 

Hah. Sarawak, Borneo (7). WaUace). In Mus. Saun- 
ders et Oxonire (olim nostr.). 

This species is very closely allied to Ph. Diacis, De 
Haan, but differs in the uniform size of the spines of the 
head, the shorter mesothorax, and the diflFerently con- 
structed terminal joints of the abdomen. The head is sub- 
quadrate, rounded at its hinder part, granulose, the gra- 
nules arranged in lines ; eyes very prominent ; a row of 
four, small, equal-sized spines across the hind part of the 
head, and a small round black spot on each side behind 
the eyes. The antennae are rather short, dark brown, vrith 
numerous small luteous rings. The prothorax is finely 
granulose, as is also the mesothorax, which is gradually 
widened behind, and armed \vith a few very small spines in 
its anterior half. The tegmina are oval, obscure, blackish 
brown, with the inner margins paler ; the carina is coni- 
cally elevated rather before the middle of its length, and 
is dilated in its hinder portion into a large semicircular 
lamina. The wings are stained blackish brown, with the 
costal area darker, the veins varied with black or blackish 
dots, the median vein simple. The abdomen has the fifth 
and sixth segments wider than the preceding, and mar- 
ginated ; the seventh and eighth are subquadrate, the eighth 



with a lobe in the middle of its hind margin ; the ninth seg- 
ment small and conical, with the two small anal styles se- 
tose ; the terminal ventral segments form a large operculum 
extending beyond the tip of the abdomen, with its truncated 
extremity subdenticulated. The fore femora are dilated, 
and suberose along the under margin. The tibiae short, 
and dilated at the base and apex. The fouf hind legs 
short, with the femora denticulated beneath. 

Plate XXXII. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. 
The head seen sideways. 3 b. Tlie terminal segments of 
the abdomen seen sideways. 3 c. The same seen from 
behind. 

4. (269.) Creoxylus Diacis. 

Capite 4-spinoso, spinis duahus superioribus majorihus, 
duabus lateralihus minoribus ; femoribus margine anteriore 
et posteriore membranaceis, subdilatatis ; alis infumatis, 
area antica fuseo-cinerea, hinc inde cinereo-nebiUosa (mas) . 

Long. corp. 2"; proth. 1'"; mesoth. 4'"; alar. 1" 2'". 

Phasma (Xeroderus) Diacis, Be Haan, Orth. Orient, p.l 1 7. 
pi. 15. f. 2, mas. 
Hah. In Sumatra. 



5. (270.) Creoxylus laceratus. 
Plate XXIX. fig. 1, female. 

Mas. Capite bicristato, cristis laceratis, spinulosis ; fe- 
moribus anticis 4-spinosis, postremis spinulosis, latere ex- 
terno supra medium uuifoliatis ; alis infumatis, area antica 
fusca, macula dilatata media et apice cinereo. 

Fcem. Multo major et robustior ; mesothorace utrinque 
spinis quatuor, duabus intermediis compositis, discoque 
seriebus duabus spinarum compositarum, alterisque irregu- 
larihus posticis ; tegminibus rugosis et irregularibus, obscure 
virescentibus, margine externo in medio fusco; alarum area 
costali obscure virescenti fusco punctato, basi uubUaque 
magna pone medium fuscis, area postica fusca, apice albida, 
venis transversis gracilibus albidis ; abdomine segmentis 
basalibus loho parvo foliaceo utrinque postice armato, seg- 
mentis quatuor posticis dilatatis, rugosis et lobatis ; meta- 
thoracis lateribus ad insertiouem pedum posteriorum spinis 
quiuque armatis ; femoribus duobus posticis lobo foliaceo 
trifido versus medium supra instructis ; tibiis posticis extus 
obtuse denticulatis. 

Long. Corp. maris, 2"; proth. 2'"; mesoth. 4'"; elytr. 
3'" ; alar. 1" 4'". 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. lin. 3 ; 
mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. Hn. 17 4- hn. 4 = 
lin. 21 ; tegm. lin. 4 ; alse, lin. 20 ; expans. alar. unc. 3, 
lin. 7. 



7 



106 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Phasma (Xeroderus) laceratum, Be Haan, Orthopt.Onetit. 

p. 116. pi. 15. f. 1, mas. 

Hab. In Sumatra. Foeminam e Sarawak misit D. Wal- 
lace. In Mus. Saunders et B.M. 

The general characters of the female ahove described so 
closely resemble the detailed description given of the male 
of Xeroderus laceratus by De Haan, that I have little 
hesitation in considering it as the other sex of that species. 

Plate XXIX. Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. 1 n. 
The head and iirothorax seen sideways. 1 b. The termin.il 
segments of the abdomen seen below, with the anal styles 
incurved (the operculum has been injured in the process of 

preservation). 

6. (271.) Creoxylus auritus. 

Antennis longitudine corporis, nigro alboque variis ; 
capita fusco, sj)inis plurimis elevatis acutis, verticalibus 
duabus majoribus compressis acuminatis ; thorace cylin- 
drico, fusco, spiuis plurimis elevatis acutis sequalibus, scabro ; 
elytris concavis, brevissimis, tuberculo magno medio com- 
presso ; alls magnis, obscuris, margine exteriore late rufes- 
centi-fusco maeulato, fascia lata alba ; abdomine cylindrico ; 
pedibus simplicibus. 

Mantis aurita, Fahricius, Ent. Srjst. ii. p. 15 ; Ent. Syst. 
Stippl. p. 189 (Phasma a.). 

Latreille, Gen. Cr. et Ins. iii. 87. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 23 (Phasma a.). 
Hah. In India orientali. 



Genus 27. CYPHOCRANIA. 

Cyphocrana, Serville, Enc. M. x. 445, ^ H. N. Orth. 236. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Pliasm. p. 35. 
Cyphocrania, 1 B., Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. 678. 
Cyphocrania, A. pars, De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 128. 

Body more or less rugose, with oval tegmina and large 
wings (of equal size in both sexes). Head posteriorly gib- 
hose ; ocelli three, more or less distinct ; antennae rather 
short, multiarticulate ; eyes large and prominent. Meso- 
thorax about thrice the length of the pro thorax. Tegmina 
oval, covering at least the basal third part, sometimes half, 
of the wings ; smaller in the males than in the females. 
Legs spinose, without membranous dilatations at the edges; 
basal joint of the tarsi moderately short. Abdomen long, 
cylindrical ; terminal segments short ; anal styles very 
broad and rather short ; oviduct extending rather beyond 
the extremity of the body. 

The species of which this genus is composed are amongst 
the most gigantic of known insects. The types are natives 
of the islands of the Eastern Ocean : but there is consider- 



able diversity of structure among the other species, from 
which the genus might easily be divided into sections and 
subsections. 

1. (272.) Cyphocrania gigas. 

Fusco-lutea vel fulva, obscura, nigro-granulosa ; tegmi- 
nibus areaque costali alarum virescentibus vel luteo-fuscis, 
alarum basi tantum virescenti, nebulosa vel albo macu- 
lata, venis tenuibus, area postica fusco-fasciata ; prothorace 
inernii ; mesothorace spinuloso, spinulis viridibus apice 
nigris, in foemina distantibus, in mare magis prominenti- 
bus et approximatis ; pedibus spinulosis ; stylis analibus 
maris ovatis, peracutis, foeminee dilatatis, margine inferiore 
integro, superiore sinuato, apicali rotundato medio spinoso 
(mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 5 ; expans. alar. unc. 6. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 8 ; expans. alar. unc. 8. 

" Corpus in hac specie omnium maximum, plus quam 
spithamseum, crassitie digiti, pallidum. Caput rotunda- 
tum, antennse setaceae. Collum rotundatum, capite bre- 
vius, supra basin verruca bifida. Thorax elongatus, cy- 
lindricus, scaber, punctis erainentibus sparsis. Elytra 
unicoloria, ovato-oblonga, longitudine thoracis cum capite, 
sed alis plus quam dimidio breviora, testacea, basi ele- 
vata, non vcro carinata. Alae maximae, semiorbiculatse, 
plicatae, ]iallide testace<E, fasciis fuscis nebulosse, margine 
anteriore costa lineari lata nervosa tegente alas et abdomen 
instar elytrorum. Abdomen crassitie digiti, thorace triplo 
s. duplo longius, teretinsculum, segmentis septem. Anus 
foliolis 2 ovatis et unico subtus concavo. Pedes 1 femo- 
ribus triangularibus serratis, tibiis angulatis Isevibus subtus 
serratis. Pedes 2 femorib\is subtus angulis duobus ser- 
rato-spinosis, tibiis triangularibus dentato-serratis. Pedes 3 
femoribus et tibiis angulatis, angulis serrato-spinosis." — 
Linneeus, I. c. 

Varietas. (Mas forte) Quadruplo minor, basi alarum pal- 
lida aut rubra. 

Gryllus gigas, Linnaus, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) p. 425. u. 1 ; 
Mus. Reg. Vlr. p. 109; Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) p. 689. 

Shatv, Nat. Miscell. pi. 43. 

Reese/, Lis. L. Gryll. t. 19. f. 9, 10. 

Bradley, Nat. t. 27. f 6. 
Arumatia cruribus maculatis, Petiver, Gaz. t. 60. f. 2. 
Arumatia, Marcgr. Bras. 251. 

Phasma gigas (Le ge'ant), Stoll, Spectr. pi. 2. f. 5, & .^pp. 
(foem.). 

Fabricius, Ent. Syst. ii. p. 14 ; Ent. Syst. Suppl. 
p. 187 (Phasma gigas). 

Donovan, Ins. India, pi. 9. 

Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. 11. no. 9. 
Spectrum gigas, Lamarck, An. s. Vert. iv. 254. 
Mantis gigas, Olivier, Enc. M. vii. 625. no. 2. 



PHASMID^. CYPHOCRANIA. 



107 



Phasma (Cvphocrania) gis;as. Be Ilaan, Orth. Orient. 
p. 129. pi. 14. fig. 3, male. 

Biinneister, Handh. d. Eiit. ii. 57!). 
Cypliocrana gigas, Lejiel. et Serville, Enc. M. x. p. 445. 
Servi/le, Ann. ScL Nat. xxii. p. 60 ; //. N. Orth. 

p. 237. 
G. M. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 35. 
Hah. Amboyna, Molucca. B.M., &c. 

Varietas. Fusca, artubus dilute fuscis, fusco-undulatis ; 
thorace tereti, granulate ; elytris brevibus, ovatis, medio 
gibbis, dente elevato obtuso, dilute testaceis, basi et apice 
fuscis ; pedibus spinulosis. 

Long. Corp. unc. 7^. 

Phasma gigas (Le geant), StoH, Spectr. \A. 1. f. 1, fem. 
Phasma Empusa, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. p. 12. 

no. 10. 
Le grand Soldat de Cayenne, Biiffon, PL Enl. Suppl. pi. 65. 

f. 1. 
Cyphocrana Empusa, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 35. 
Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 237. 
Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 579. 
Hab. In India orientali. Mus. Holthuys. 

De Haan considers the insect figured by Stoll to be 
merely a coloured variety of C. gigas. Serville also was 
evidently of the same opinion, although he gave them as 
distinct (see note in H. N. Orth. p. 239). 



2. (273.) Cyphocrania Reinwardtii. 

Foem. Alarum area postica pellucida, fusco-fasciata ; area 
antica uti et elytris fuscescentibus, nervis fortioribus ; pro- 
thorace medio spinuloso, spinulis biseriatis ; mesothorace 
ubicunque, hypothorace infra spinis peracutis validis con- 
coloribus, infra et lateribus longioribus circumdato ; cercis 
anaUbus dilatatis, parallelis, ultra medium latere externo 
carmatis, apice sinuatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 8^ ; cap. lin. 6 ; anten. lin. 24 ; 
proth. lin. 5 ; mesoth. lin. 14 ; metath. lin. 14 ; abdom. 
unc. 3^ + unc. 1 = unc. 4^ ; tegm. unc. 2i ; alar, expans. 
unc. 8. 

Ph. (Cyphocrania) Reinwardtii, De Ilaan, Orth. Orient. 
p. 130. pi. 10. f. 1 2 . 
Hab. In Nova Guinea (littore occid. merid.). 

I have already noticed, that the Cyphocrania acantho- 
mera of Burmeister (which De Haan considered might be 
the male of this fine insect) is the male of Monandroptera 
inuncans. 

3. (274.) Cyphocrania Goliath. 
Cserulesceuti-viridis ; mesothorace scabriusculo aut sub- 
Isevi, flavo, linea media caerulescenti-viridi ; tegminibus 



magnis, viridibus, macula lineaque rubro-albis, margine in- 
teriore sanguineo ; alls hyalinis, glaucis, basi nervis san- 
guineis, area costali viridi basi linea media et subtus san- 
guineis ; abdomine flavescenti-viridi, articulis flavis nigro 
marginatis, foliolis brevibus in medio carinatis, literam V 
inversam referentibus ; operculo longe ultra apicem abdo- 
minis extenso, cymbiformi ; pedibus valde serratis, 4 an- 
ticis fasciatis, tibiis 2 posticis fortiter spinosis ; meso- et 
metasternis transverse fasciatis, fasciis nigris et elevatis. 
Long. Corp. 8^" ; expans. alar. 8". 

Diura Goliath, G. Ii. Gray, Trans. Ent. Soe. i. p. 45 ; Syn. 

Phasm. p. 39 (Acrophylla G.). 
Phasma (Cyphocrania) Goliath, Audouin et Bridle, Hist. 

Nat. Ins. t. ix. pi. 7. p. 105. 
DeHaan, Orth. Orient, p. 128. 

Hab. Java, Timor, New Guinea, Moreton Bay, northern 
parts of New Uolland. B.M., &c. 

Far. fcem. major. Cyphocrana versirubra, Serville, Orth. 

p. 235. 
Cyphocrana herculeaua, Charpentier, Orth. Descr. pi. 1. 

Virescens ; capite postice subaugustato, supra brunneo 
lineato ; mesothorace prothorace quadruple longiori, cyliu- 
drico, subrufo, medio subcarinato et utrinque spinis 5 vel 6 
armato, lateribusque spinosis ; meso- et metasternis lineis 
duabus spinarum hujusque lateribus spinosis ; tegminibus 
mesothorace subbrevioribus, ovalibus, absque elevatione 
mediana, viridibus, striola basali alteraque pone medium 
disci albis ; alls abdomine parum brevioribus, pellucidis, 
viridi-brunneis, costa opaca, supra viridi, basi purpurea, 
subtus discoque infero tegminum rubro-piirpureis ; operculo 
foemiufe canaliculato, infra unicarinato ; pedibus corpore 
concoloribus obscurius vel brunneo-marmoratis, femoribus 
anticis serratis, 4 posticis spinosis, spinis interuis postico- 
rum majoribus (foem.). 

Long. corp. 9-10 unc. 

Hab. In Nova Ilollandia (nee Brasilia). In Mus. 
Hopeiano Oxonise. 

The typical specimen of this variety, now in the Hopeian 
Museum, bears a label in the handwriting of Latreille in- 
scribed " Bres." (Brazil). This incorrect locality, given 
by Serville, has deceived subsequent authors. 

Far. foem. minor. Cyphocrana versifasciata, Serville, H. 
N. Orth. p. 235. 

Virescens, subuitida ; capite fere Isevi ; mesothorace pro- 
thorace quadruple longiori et parum latiori, cylindrico, 
carina mediana gracili et utrinque tuberculis spiniformibus 
armato, lateribus etiam meso- et metanoti tuberculis spini- 
formibus armatis ; his infra fasciis brunneis transversis 
seque distantibus variatis, tuberculis spuiosis duplici serie 



108 



CATALOGUE OF ORTIIOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



instructis ; tegniinibus longitudiiie mesothoracis, ovato-ro- 
tundatis, carina mediana abbreviata vix distincta, utrinque 
viridibus ; alis segmenta 4 basalia abdomiuis tegentibus, 
hyalinis, baud coloratis, venis subfulvis, area costali utrin- 
que viridi ; abdominis operculo foeniinee lanceolato, apicem 
abdominis longe superante, Imjus appendicibus terminalibus 
operculo parum brevioribus, basi angustis, lateribus sinuatis, 
apice abrupte truncate; pedibus corpore concoloribus, brun- 
neo-maculatis, femoribus anticis serratis, femorum 4 posti- 
corum angulis dentatis, tibiis intermediis et posticis lobis 
parvis apicalibus instructis. 

Long. Corp. unc. 7i. 

Hub. ? In Mus. Ilopeiano Oxonise. 

Having carefidly examined and drawn the original typi- 
cal individual of this species, described by Mr. G. R. Gray, 
and having also before me Serville's types of his two 
species, C. versifasciata and C. versirubra, in the Hopeian 
Collection, I am able to refer the two latter to C. Goliath. 
The type of C. versifasciata is a smaller female, and 
has lost all its distinctive colours, probably from having 
been originally preserved ivi spirits of wine. I have also 
recently obtained a remarkably beautiful specimen of the 
female from Moreton Bay, of which the following are the 
dimensions : — Long. corp. cum operc. unc. 8^ ; cap. lin. 5 ; 
anten. lin. l.'i; proth. lin, .5 ; mesoth. lin. 15; metath. 
lin. 14^ ; abdom. unc. 3, lin. 7-|-mic. 1 -|-operc. ap. lin. 9 
^unc. 5, lin. 4 ; tegm. lin. 22 ; alar, expans. unc. 8. 

In this specimen the mesothorax is nearly smooth ; the 
colour of the membranous portion of the wings is hyaline 
tinged with green ; the prothorax has a broad brown fascia 
on each side ; the abdomen is dark fulvous brown, with 
the extremity and the operculum dark green. 

The Acrophylla Typheeus of Gray, which De Haan 
gives as the male of Cyphocrania Goliath, is the male of 
Tropidoderus Childrenii. 



4. (27,i.) Cjrphocrania Beauvoisii. 

Fusca ; thorace scabro ; tegminibus elongatis, viridibus, 
basi subgibbiferis ; alis hyalinis, area costali abdomineque 
viridibus, ultimo uigro reticulato ; pedum marginibus ser- 
ratis, sed tibiarum posticarum margine interno s])inoso. 

Long. Corp. unc. 7, lin. 1 ; expans. alar. unc. 7, lin. (J. 

Cyphocrana Bauvoisii, Serville, Ann. Sci. Nat. xxii. 60. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 3.i. 
Pbasma gigas, Pal. de Beauv. Ins. d' Afr. et d' Amer. p. 109, 
Orthopt. pi. 13. f. 1 (fcEinina vagina mutilata). 

ISiirmeisfer, Ilandb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 579. 
Huh. Java {Burmeister). 



De Haan considers that the insect figured by Palisot de 
Beauvois is simply a variety of C. Goliath of Gray, with the 
ovipositor mutilated. Being unable to verify this suppo- 
sition, I have preferred giving it as doubtfully distinct. 



5. (2/6.) Cyphocrania Enceladus. 
Plate XXXIX. fig. 1, male. 
Plate XXXIX. fig. 2, female. 

Mas. Subfiliformis ; prothorace scabro, mesothorace sca- 
berrimo. 

Foem. Cylindrica ; pro- et mesothorace scaberrimis. 

Maris tegminibus brunneis, in medio nigro-maculatis, 
margine anteriori flavo-viridi, fceminee flavescenti-viridibus, 
margine posteriori ad basin nigro ; alis maris subhyalinis, 
foeminae nigrescentibus, utriusque albo-maculatis, area cos- 
tali viridescenti-testacea, maculis nigris ; foliolis duobus 
brevibus latis, apice dilatatis ; pedibus anticis lineis elevatis 
striatis, quatuor postcrioribus subtus spinosis. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 5f ; cap. lin. 2i ; anten. fere 
unc. 2 ; proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 10 ; 
abdom. unc. 34- lin. 7 = unc. 3, lin. 7 ; tegm. unc. 1 ; alar, 
expans. unc. 6|. 

Long. corp. foem. 7"; cap. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 4 ; mesoth. 
lin. 12; metath. lin. 12; abdom. unc. 3, lin. 5-|-lin. 1 1 -|- 
styl. anal. lin. 5 = unc. 4, lin. 9. 
Acrophylla Enceladus, G. if. Gray, Syti. Phasm. p. 39. 

Hah. In Australia. In Mus. Ilopeiano Oxonise. 

De Haan has suggested {Orth. Orient, p. 129) that this 
species is only a variety of C. maculata. The two species 
are, however, quite distinct ; and as P. Enceladus appears 
to be very rare, I have introduced figures of the typical 
specimens of both sexes, preserved in the Hopeian Collec- 
tion, into this work, which are tlie only ones I have yet 
seen. 

Plate XXXIX. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sidew ays. 

Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



6. ('277.) Cyphocrania reticulata. 

Viridula ; mesorhorace tuberculato ; tegminibus brevibus, 
ovalibus, viridibus, fasciis 3 vel 4 transversis rufo-fuscis, 
marginis antici basi rufo apice viridi ; alis duplo longiori- 
bus, basi rubris, albo fnscoque reticulatis ; pedibus tarsis- 
que spinosis, femoribus anticis lineis elevatis striatis. 

Long. corp. unc..6|; long, anten. unc. 1^; expans. 
alar. 54- unc. 



PHASMID^. CYPHOCRANIA. 



109 



Phasma reticulata, Pal.de Bemw. Ins. Am. et Afr. p. 166 
pi. 14. f. 5. 

G. R. Graij, Si/n. Phasm. p. 38 (Platycrana r.). 
Hab. St. Domina;o. 



7. (278.) Cyphocrauia ? hectica. 

" Capite oblongo-ovato, fronte in cornu acuto (bifoliate), 
porrecto ; thorace tereti, scabriusculo ; pedibus angulatis, 
anticis latissimis, tibiis dentatis ; tegminibus brevissimis, 
juxta basin spinosis ; alis hyalinis fusco maculatis." 

Long. Corp. fere unc. 5 ; expans. alar. unc. 3|. 

Pbasma hecticum, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. pp. 14 & 

39. pi. 1. f. 2, mas. [?] 
Platycrana hectica, G. R. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 36. 
Palophus Hawortbii, fern. ?, ante, p. 90. 

Hab. In Siua [ .' ]. Olim in Mus. Holthuysen. 

Lichtenstein's figure of this species is evidently more 
faithful in some respects than bis description : thus, the 
tegmina, which he says are " brevissimis," are in fact ob- 
long-ovate, and as long as the metathorax ; and the fore legs 
are not so broad as to merit the term "latissimis." It is 
described as a male, and as a native of China. I can scarcely 
doubt, however, but that it is an African insect, of the 
female sex, and that it is, in fact, the female of Palophics 
Haworthii, ante, p. 90. The armature of the legs, the 
quadrinodose mesothorax, the bilobed fourth and fifth seg- 
ments of the abdomen, and the emargination of the terminal 
segment, observable in Liclitenstein's figure, are all found 
in the Berlin and Leyden specimens of the female, which 
is Burmeister"s Haplopus ceratophyllus. It is indeed not 
improbable that the Leyden specimen may be the original 
Holthuysian type described by Lichtenstein. 

8. (279.) Cyphocrania aestuans, Westw. 
Plate VII. fig. 4, female. 

Luteo-cinerea obscura, nigro granulosa, valde elongata ; 
capite tuberculis duubus con;positis inter oculos, alterisque 
miuoribus triplici serie utrinque di&positis ; mesothoracis 
dorso spinis nonnuUis parvis irregularibus armato ; alarum 
area aiitica luteo-fusca, postica chalvbea, basi pallidius vix 
tessellata ; pedibus lougis, fusco subauuulatis, tibiis qua- 
tuor posticis extus bilobatis ; segniento quarto abdominis 
supra ad apicem lobato (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. fere unc. 7 ; cap. lin. 4 J- ; proth. lin. 4i ; 
mesoth. lin. 18; metath. lin. 14 ; abdom. unc. 3, hn. 9k 
-1-lin. 84 = unc. 4|; tegm.lin.9; alse, lin. 18; alar, e.xpans. 
unc. 3, Ihi. 2. 

Hab. Congo, Senegallia. In Mus. Hopeiano Oxonire, 
olim West wood, et B.M. 



This fine species is nearly the size of Ph. reticulata of 
Palisot de Beauvois ; but the wings and wing-covers an- 
scarcely more than half the size of those of that species. 
The entire insect is of an obscure luteous ashy or pale buff- 
brown colour, the surface having a great number of mi- 
nute black granules. The head is oval, with two larger com- 
pound tubercles between the eyes, and with small tubercles 
on the back part of the head arranged on each side in 
three longitudinal rows. The antennse are shorter than 
the mesothorax, with the basal joints of moderate size. 
Theprothorax is rugose, and of equal length with the head. 
The mesothorax is armed with three or four small spines 
on each side of the median line, placed irregularly. The 
metathorax has the posterior portion greatly elono-ated. 
The abdomen is very long, and nearly equally broad, and 
simple, except the fourth segment, which has a double lobe 
on its hinder margin on the upper side ; the eighth segment 
is very short, the ninth truncated at its extremity ; the 
seventh ventral segment is but little swollen, and extends 
to one-third of the length of the ninth dorsal segment ; its 
extremity is emarginate ; the two anal styles are short and 
thick. The tegmina are oval, equal to the head and pro- 
thorax in length, with a slightly elevated space between the 
base and the middle. The wings are twice the length of 
the tegmina, extending, when closed, to the extremity of the 
first segment of the abdomen ; the costal area is uniform 
reddish brown, with the median vein furcate ; the hind 
area is steel-blue and glossy, with the base slightly tessel- 
lated with somewhat paler spots. The fore legs are long 
and nearly simple. The four hind legs have the femora 
furnished near the base and apex beneath with a small lobe, 
also on the upper side near the base and in the middle ; 
the tibiae have two lobes before and beyond the middle on 
the outer edge, and a small one on the inner edge towards 
the base ; the tarsi are simple. The legs are slightly 
banded with dark brown. A specimen in the British 
Museum has the fore aud middle legs on the right-hand 
side imperfectly developed. 

Plate VII. Fig 4. The female insect, of the natural size. 
4 a. The terminal segments of the abdomen seen from be- 
neath. 4 6. Ditto seen laterally. 4 c. The fourth ab- 
dominal segment seen laterally. 



9. (280.) Cyphocrania Pasimachus, TJ'estw. 
Plate IX. fig. 5, female. 

Fusca, granulosa, elongata ; capite tuberculis majoribus 
per paria dispositis ; mesothorace spinis duabus in medio 
armato ; tegminibus oblongo-ovatis, obscure fusco-vires- 
centibus, carina valida ante medium instructis ; alarum area 



no 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



costali fusco-viresccnti, basi pallida, macula irregulari nigra, 
area postica fusca, fasciis irregularibus macularibus pallidis 
guttisque pallidis in venas dispositis ; pedibus griseis, 
nigro-punctatis ; femoribus deutatis, anticis compressis, 
tibiis anticis inembrana elongata 3-partita instructis, posti- 
cis extus prope basin spina unica, iutus phiribus annatis ; 
tarsis compressis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. uuc. 6 ; cap. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. 
lin. 13^; metath. lin. 9; abdom. lin. 30 + lin. ll=lin. 41 ; 
tegm. lin. 11 ; alse, lin. 19 ; expans. alar. unc. 3^. 

//«5. In Nova Hollandia. B.M. 

A single specimen of tlie female of this fine species is 
contained in tbe National Collection. It is long, narrow, 
and subconvex, the abdomen being the widest part of the 
body. The head is oval, granulose, with two pairs of 
rounded tubercles on the crown. The antennse are broken 
at the tips, twenty-six joints only remaining. The nieso- 
tborax is long, granulose, and armed with two diverging 
black spines near the middle of the disc. The basal seg- 
ments of the abdomen are narrowly margined at the sides ; 
the fourth has a transverse membrane near the tip ; the 
three terminal segments are narrowed, rugose, the terminal 
one entire ; the anal styles very short. The operculum 
slightly boat-shaped, not extending to the tip of the abdo- 
men. The tegmina are oblong-ovate, with a strong carina 
running from the base, forming an elevated lobe before the 
middle. The costal area of the wings is pale greenish 
brown ; the base paler, with a large irregular black spot ; 
the posterior area brown, with irregular fasciee of pale spots, 
and also with small round pale spots upon the longitudinal 
veins. The legs are strong ; the femora dentated ; the 
fore tibiae with an elongated membrane on the upper edge, 
reaching from the middle to the extremity, with two inci- 
sions ; the four hind tibiae have a single spine on the outer 
edge near the base, and with several on the inner edge ; the 
tarsi are compressed. 

Plate IX. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
head and prothorax seen sideways. 5 b. The terminal seg- 
ments of the body seen sideways. 



10. (281.) CyphocraDia Tamyris, Westw. 
Plate XXXVIII. fig. 2, male. 
Elongata, gracilis, eylindrica, fusca luteo varia ; capite 
utrinque pone oculos linea lutea ; antennis elongatis, pone 
medium subannulatis ; pro- et mesothorace spinis elon- 
gatis acutis, per paria armatis ; tegminibus parvis, subova- 
libus, carina mediana subito in medio conico-elevata ; alls 
puniceo-albis, griseo-fusco irregulariter uudulato-fasciatis. 



area costali fusco albido et luteo variis ; pedibus fulvis 
fusco variis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3, lin. 7 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 2\ ; 
mesoth. lin. 7\ ; metath. lin. 5^ ; abdom. lin. 20-)- lin. 5 = 
lin. 25 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 4. 

Hub. Pulo Penang. In Mus. Westermann Havniae. 

The male of this handsome species is unique in the 
splendid cabinet of M. Westermann of Copenhagen. It is 
long and slender, and of a brown colour varied with luteous. 
The head is oblong ; eyes prominent ; ocelli obsolete, the 
hind part raised into a transverse row of very small eleva- 
tions ; on each side behind the eyes is a longitudinal luteous 
stripe. The antennae are long and slender ; beyond the 
middle they are slightly marked with pale rings placed 
wide apart. The prothorax is armed with two pairs of 
spines, one at the fore margin, the other in the middle. 
The mesothorax is also armed on its upper surface with a 
series of still larger acute spines, arranged not quite regu- 
larly in pairs. The tegmina are small, subovate, with the 
median carina suddenly, but only moderately, elevated into 
a small conical tubercle ; they are greyish luteous, with 
brown veins. The wings are large ; they are of a pinkish- 
white colour, varied with a number of irregular broad 
greyish-brown fasciae, the veins in the dark parts being 
much darker ; the costal area is huffish brown, slightly 
varied with brown and luteous, with the veins blackish, the 
median one being simple. The legs are long, slender, and 
unarmed, fulvous-coloured varied with brown. The abdo- 
men is long and slender ; the sixth segment constricted in 
the middle, carinated along the centre ; the seventh seg- 
ment shorter and subconical, the eighth considerably con- 
stricted in the middle, and the ninth subquadrate, slightly 
emarginate at its apex, the anal styles not being visible 
from above ; the terminal ventral segments are considerably 
swollen, the ninth extending only to the extremity of the 
eighth dorsal segment, acute, with the tip also emarginate. 
The meso- and metasterna are spinulose. 

Plate XXXVIII. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 
2 a. The terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 



11. (282.) Cyphocraiiia? punctipes. 
Laevis, obscure viridis ; mesothorace unciae longitudine, 
subcylindrico, postice sensim crassiori, supra spinis acutis 
12-15 irregularibus, subtus etiam spinis paulo miuoribus 
armato ; metathorace e quarta parte mesothorace breviori, 
lateribus et infra spinosis ; tegminibus 5 lin. longis, ovalibus, 
carina mediana, viridibus, albo marginatis ; alls raagnis, ab- 
domiue brevioribus, brunneis albido guttulatis, area costali 



PHASMID^. CYPHOCHANIA. 



Ill 



rubida, fascia dimidiata contigua chalybpa, fulvo 3-macii- 
lata ; abdomine gracili, Isevi, cyliiulrico ; pedibus fbrtibus, 
femoribus granulis mimerosis albis aiigulisque spinosis, tibiis 
parum dilatatis, anticis muticis, posticis 4 infra denticulatis 
(mas). 

Loug. Corp. circ. uiic. 4^ ; cap. liu. 2 ; mesoth. liu. 12 ; 
metath. lin. 10; abdom. segm. C basal, unc. 2^ ; tegm. 
lin. 5 J ; alar, expans. unc. 3^. 

Cyphocraua punctipes, ServiUe, H. N. Orth. p. 239. 
De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 117 (Xeroderus p.). 
Hab. In Africa? In Mus. Hopeiauo Oxoniee. 

The original type of this species, described by ServiUe, 
from M. Marchal's collection, is contained in the Hopeian 
collection at Oxford, having been purchased with the whole 
of that collection, which contained by far the most beau- 
tiful series of Orthopterous insects in any private museum. 



12. (283.) Cyphocrania inaculata. 

Fusco-rufa ; pronoto cylindrico, subgranulato ; tesmini- 
bus ovalibus, carina mediana in medio vix angulata, alarum 
area costaH concolori, testacea vel subviridi, basi rubella 
vel pallido-marmorata, area postica fusca, hyalino-tessellata; 
marginibus pedum omnium serrulatis ; abdomine basi ob- 
scure viridi, segmentis tribus apicalibus brcvibus, oviductu 
vix ultra apicem abdominis extenso, stylis analibus minutis, 
marum ovatis, foeminarum abbreviato-ovatis apice rotun- 
datis. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 4 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 5 J. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 8 ; cap. lin. 6 ; anten. lin. 20 ; 
proth. Un. 4; mesoth. lin. 17; metath. lin. 11 ; abdom. 
unc. 3, lin. 10 + lin. 10 = unc. 4, lin. 8 ; tegm. lin. 14 ; alar, 
expans. unc. 5, lin. 7. 

Phasma Necydaloides (Le Spectre a ailes tachetees), StoU, 
Spectr. pi. 3. f. 8. fem., pi. 4. f. 11. male. 
Roesel, Ins. Bel. ii. Locust, t. 19. f. 9. 
LatreiUe, Gen. Cr. et Ins. iii. 87. 
Lepel. et Serv. Enc. M. x. 101 (Phasma N.). 
Mantis maculata, Olivier, Enc. M. vii. 626 & 636. no. 06. 

ServiUe, Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. (i I . 
Cyphocrana maculata, Lepel. , St. Farg. et Serv. Enc. M. 
X. 44.5. 

ServiUe, Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. 61 . 
Mantis cylindrica, Gmelin, Si/st. Nat. (Linn.) p. 2048. 

OUvier, Enc. Mtth. vii. 626 (JIantis c). 
Spectrum 'SecydtdoiAes, Lamarc/,-, An. s. Vert. iv. 254. 
Phasma Uccvium, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. 13. 
Platycrana maculata, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 36. 
' ServiUe, H. N. Orth. p. 240 (Platycr. m.). 
Homhron et J/icqiiinof, Forj. an Pole Sud, iv. 358. 
pi. 1. f. 8 (from Warou Island). 
Cyphocrania Necydaloides, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 
2. 579. 



Phasma (Cyphocrania) maculata, De Haan, Orth. Orient 
p. 129. 

Hab. Amboyna; Moluccas; Sandwich Islands {Capt. 
Beechey, Foy. of the Sulphur). B.M., &c. 

De Haan incorrectly refers Acrophylla Enceladus and 
Briareus, Gray, to this very distinct species. 



13. (284.) Cyphocrania gi-aciosa. 

Capite spinis coronato ; mesothorace abbreriato ; meta- 
sterno dilatato ; abdominis latcribus lobis spinosis armatis ; 
tegminibus alarum longitudine | aecpiantibus, fusco flavoque 
variis ; ahs abdominis longitudine, pallide roseis, costa fus- 
cescente, venis omnibus fusco nebulosis ; pedibus 2 posticis 
incrassatis et fortiter spinosis (mas). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 3| ; cap. lin. 3^ ; anten. niutil. ; 
proth. lin. 3i ; mesoth. hn. 4^ ; metath. lin. 7^ ; abdom. 
hn. 18 + lin. 7i = lin. 25^ ; tegm. lin. 27 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 6. 

Phasina (Eurycantha) graciosa, JFestwood, Cab. Orient. 
Ent. p. 16. pi. 7. f. 3. 

Hab. Prince of Wales's Island (Dr. Cantor). In Mus. 
Ilopeiano Oxonife. 

14. (285.) Cjrphocrania Jiunnos, JFestw. 
Plate XXX. fig. 1, male. 

Pallide fusca, sublfevis ; metathorace dilatato et ntrinque 
spinoso ; tegminibus ovalibus, alls magnis, area costali 
luteo-viridi, versus basin macula magna fusca notata, parte 
postica albido fuscoque tessellata; pedibus anticis longis 
simplicibus, posticis crassioribus dentatis, tibiis spinis bre- 
vibus crassis incurvis armatis (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 5^; cap. lin. 3 ; jiroth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. 
lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 13 ; abdom. unc. 2, lin. 6 + lin. 5 = 
unc. 2, lin. 11 ; tegm. lin. 14 ; ala', imc. 2, lin. 6 ; alar, 
expans. unc. 5, lin. 3^. 

Hab. ? 

This species has the body almost smooth, and brownish. 
The head and prothorax of equal length. The mesothorax 
rather dilated between the anterior margin and the middle, 
and rather constricted behind the middle. The metatho- 
rax is dilated beneath, its hinder division considerably 
longer than the anterior. The abdomen is elongate, sub- 
convex, narrowed from the base to the fourth segment, the 
fifth widest at its extremity ; the three terminal segments 
short, the terminal one with the lateral posterior angles 
slightly produced. The teginina are oval, and rather 
longer than the metathorax, and about half the length of 
the wings ; the latter have the costal area pale dirty yellow 



112 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



(probably green whilst alive), with a large oblong brown 
patch near the base; the hinder portion is ornamented 
with macular fasciae of brown, darkest towards the base. 
The fore legs are long and simple, as are also the middle 
pair ; the hind pair are thickened, the femora strongly 
spined, and the inner edge of the tibiae with about six short 
strong incurved spines ; the sides of the metasternum and 
the posterior coxse are also spined. 

Plate XXX. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
metasternum and base of one of the hind legs. 1 b. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Since my drawing of this insect was made, the specimen 
has been sold by auction, and I do not know in whose 
possession it is at the present time. 



Genus 28. PLATYCRANIA. 

Platvcrana, pars, G. R. Gray. 

'ServiUe, H. N. Orth. p. 240. 
Cyphocrania, Sect. B., De Haan (p. 130). 
Cyphocrania, Sect. I, B., Burmeister (p. 578). 

Body robust in the females ; winged in both se.xes ; the 
wings of the male nearly as long as the abdomen, not or 
scarcely more than half its length in the female. Head 
moderate-sized, convex, destitute of ocelli. Antennae short, 
or of moderate length. Mesothorax about thrice the length 
of the prothorax. Tegmina small, broadly ovate, truncated 
at the tip. Abdomen slender in the males, broad in the 
females, with the operculum extending to, or rather beyond, 
the extremity of the abdomen, furnished in the typical 
species with two long curved slender filaments ; anal styles 
slender, long and pointed. Legs short, or of moderate 
length, more or less dentated. 

I have followed Serville in giving Phasma edxde, Licht., 
as the type of a genus distinct from the preceding, and 
have added to it two other species, which agree with it 
tolerably well in general form, although, from several of 
their details, they will require a separate section for their 
reception. 

1. (28G.) Platycrania edulis. 

Viridis ; mesothorace maris scabro, fceminae glabro ; teg- 
minibus areaque costali alarum viridibus, basi coccineis ; 
stylis analibus minutis, angustis, acutls ; pedibus brevibus, 
submuticis, femoribus 4 posticis subtus denticulatis. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 3, lin. 7; cap. lin. 3; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 6i ; metath. lin. 7; abdom. lin. 21 + 
lin. 4 = Hn. 2.5 ; tegm. lin. 6 ; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Long. Corp. foem. cum operc. unc. 6 ; cap. lin. C ; 



anten. lin. 13j proth. lin. 3f ; mesoth. lin. 12 ; metath. 
lin. 11 ; abdom. unc. 2, lin. 8 + lin. 7 + operc. lin. 3 = 
unc. 3^ ; tegm. lin. 1 1 ; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Phasma .Tamaicensis (Le Spectre verd). Stall, Spectr. pi. 6. 

f. 20. female, f. 21. male. 
Phasma edule, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. 13. 
Mantis viridana, Olivier, Enc. Miih. vii. 636. no. 60. 
Cyphocrana viridana, Serville, Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. 60. 
Platycrana viridana, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 36. 

'Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 241. 
Mantis viridis, Donovan, Ins. India, pi. 10. 
Cyphocrania viridana, Burmeister, Haiidh. d. Ent. ii. 2. 578. 
Phasma (Cyphocrania B.) viridanum, De Haan, Orth. 

Orient, p. 130. 
Mantis gigas, Houtt. Nat. Hist. x. pi. 79. f. 1. 

Hah. Indise orientalis insulis Moluccas et Philijjpin. ; 
Aru (^Wallace) ; Ceram {Mad. Pfeiffer). B.^L, &c, 

Stoll's specific name Jamaicensis would have been re- 
tained for this species, were it not for its incorrect geogra- 
phical indication. That of edule, given to the species by 
Lichtenstein, is consequently adopted (his reference to the 
Jamaica species, figured by Drury, being however omitted). 
According to Valentinus, quoted by Houttuyn, this species 
is eaten by the Malays for food. 



2. (287.) Platycrania Alpheus, Westw. 
Plate IV. fig. 2. 

Elongata, pallide virescens ; mesothorace et abdomine 
fuscescentibus, hujus apice virescente ; Isevis, subnitida ; 
mesonoto tuberculis minutis instructo ; tegminibus subro- 
tundatis areaque costali alarum viridibus, harum membrana 
vix dimidium segment! 2di abdominis attingente, pallide 
fusca, venis fulvis ; pedibus brevibus, crassis, fere inernii- 
bus (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 4| ; cap. lin. 5 ; anten. lin. 13 ; proth. 
Hn. 4; mesoth. hn. 9; metath. lin. 9; abdom. lin. 23 + 
lin. 9=lin. 32 ; tegm. lin. 7A ; alar, expans. lin. 26. 

Hab. Ceylon and Philippine Islands. B.M. 

Entirely smooth and rather glossy, except the mesotho- 
rax, which is more or less covered with small, oblong, slightly 
raised tubercles, especiall}' in front, and along the lateral 
margins of the upper part ; the general colour is pale green, 
with the mesothorax and abdomen brownish, the latter 
greenish at its extremity ; the tegmina and costal area of 
the wings are green, the membranous portion of the latter 
slightly stained with brownish, with longitudinal fulvous 
veins. The head is oval. The antennae short, with about 
twenty-three joints ; the basal joint of moderate size. The 
prothorax is scarcely larger than the head, its anterior 
lateral angles narrowed and slightly porrected ; the disc 



PHASMID^. ACROPIIYLLA. 



113 



uneven. The mesotborax has its sides nearly straight ; the 
mesonotum is, however, narrowed behind to the base of the 
tegmina, which, when closed, do not extend over more than 
two-thirds of tlie metanotum ; they are shortly ovate and 
strongly reticulated, and rather more than half the length 
of the wings, which, when closed, extend to tlie middle of 
the second abdominal segment. The abdomen is long, 
simple, and subconvex ; tlie segments gradually narrowed 
to the extremity and margined at the sides, the anterior 
ones with two lines of small impressions on each side ; the 
terminal segment is rounded, exposing the two small styles 
as well as the extremity of tlie operculum, which is con- 
stricted close to the base. The legs are short, strong, and 
angulated ; the middle ridge of all the femora beneath 
armed with a few slight and scarcely distinct spines. 

The specimens from the Philippine Islands have the me- 
sotborax more strongly granulated. 

Plate IV. Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

3. (288.) Platycrania Phelaus, Westw. 
Plate XXVII. fig. .5. 

Elongata, tota Ijevis, pallide fulvo-lutescens ; capite, 
pedibus, tegminibus apiceque arese costalis alarum vires- 
centibus, tegminibus ovalibus ; alis paulo ultra medium 
segmenti 3'" abdominis extensis, albido-fulvis venis fulvis ; 
femoribus subtus denticulatis ; operculo vix ultra apicem 
segmenti 9°' abdominis extenso. 

Long. Corp. fere unc. 5 ; cap. hn. 5J ; proth. liu. 4 ; me- 
soth.lin. 10 ; metath. hn. 6| ; abdom.hu. 25 -f lin. 10 = 
lin.35; tegm.liu. 10; alse, lin. 17; alar, expans. unc. 3. 

Hab. Feejee Islands (I). MacgUlivray). B.M. 

This species is closely allied to PI. Alpheus, but is at 
once distinguished by the relative size of the wing-covers 
and wings, more slender abdomen, smooth mesothorax, and 
denticulated femora. The head is obovate and convex, very 
smooth ; it is produced into a prominent angle in front of 
each eye, behind each of which is also a slightly curved 
longitudinal impressed line. The antennse are rather longer 
than the pro- and mesothorax ; the first joint moderately 
robust, the third and immediately following joints very 
short, but gradually elongated. The prothorax is marked 
on each side of its hinder portion with a slightly impressed 
oval line, each preceded by strong punctures. The meso- 
thorax is smooth and oblong, with a slender raised line 
running along each side to the base of the wing-covers, 
this line being punctured on its inner edge ; near the hind 
margin it has two deep impressions, between which is a 
minute scutellum-like plate. The abdominal segments are 



smooth and nearly square, each slightly constricted at its 
base and apex ; the eighth and ninth joints attenuated, the 
latter angulated along the middle of its upper surface. The 
operculum is constricted near the base ; it is boat- shaped, 
and extends very slightly beyond the extremity of the 
ninth dorsal segment. The anal styles are short, broad, 
and obtuse. The tegmina are oval, pale green, very strongly 
and thickly reticulated, the membrane along the anterior 
and posterior edges towards the base being brown ; the 
strong discoidal vein is slightly elevated. The wings have 
the costal area pale luteous at base, greenish at the apex ; 
the veins more strongly coloured than the membrane ; the 
chief vein is furcate both towards the base and about the 
middle of the wing ; the hind portion is pale luteo-fulvous, 
with the longitudinal veins fulvous, the transverse ones 
nearly colourless. The legs are short and strong ; the 
femora finely spined beneath. 

The unique specimen in the British Museum has the 
left fore-leg not fully developed. 

Plate XXVII. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen laterally. — (Note. 
The operculum is represented a trifle too long.) 

Genus 29. ACROPHYLLA. 

Diura, G. R. Gray {Ent. Austr.). 

Acrophylla, G. R. Gray, and Ctenomorpha, pars, G. R. Grai/ 

(males), (Syn. Phasm. pp. 38-41). 
Acrophylla, Serinlle. 

Cyphoerania, Sect. II., Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. p. 579. 
Cyphocrania, Sect. A. pars, C & D, Ke Haan (Orth.Orient. 
■p. 130). 

Body very long, cylindrical, and slender in both sexes, 
especially in the males. Head of moderate size, horizontal, 
convex. Ocelli three, or wanting. Anteuuse short, or of 
moderate length. Mesothorax about thrice the length of 
the prothorax, generally more or less spined. Tegmina 
elongate-ovate, about one-third or half the length of the 
wings. Wings large or moderate in both sexes, being 
longest in the males. Legs moderately long, longer in the 
males, serrated ; hind tibiae not armed within with strong 
teeth. Abdomen long, slender, cylindrical, especially in 
the males ; anal styles very long and dilated, especially in 
the females ; oviduct of the latter boat-shaped, not extend- 
ing beyond the extremity of the body. 

Inhabit New Holland. 

The Australian species here brought together form 
several divisions, according to the size of the wings. Thus, 
in Acr. Titan they are of large size in the female, whilst 
in Acr. Chronus, &c. they are much shorter in the female. 
A. violascens is destitute of ocelli . De Haan unites A. 



114 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Titan with Cyph. Goliath in the genus Ci/phocrania ; but 
the remarkably elongated anal apjiendages refer the former 
species to AcrophjUa, whilst C Goliath, from the arma- 
ture of its legs, and greatly elongated ovipositor, evidently 
belongs to a type distinct from the true AcrophijUee. 



1. (289.) Acrophylla Titan. 

Mas. Gracilis, subfiliformis ; mesothorace scaberrimo ; 
alis lougioribus. 

Fojin. Cylindrica ; mesothorace scabro ; subcinereo-fusca. 

Tcgmiuibus nigro-viridil)us testaceo-maculatis, maris 
margiue anteriore albido, fceniinee macula in margiuis antici 
medio magna albida ; alis nigro-fuscis albo-maculatis, area 
f ostali viridi-nigra, testaceo-maculata, basi rubida ; pedibus 
albo-cinereis, anticis trigonis, angulo inferiori dentibus 
magnis rufis, superiori vix dentatis ; stylis abdominalibus 
duobus longis trigonis dentatis. 

Long. Corp. maris, 5" 6'" ; anten. 1" /'" ; alar. exp. 6". 

Long. corp. foem. 9" 7'" ; anten. 1" 9'" ; alar. exp. 7" 6'". 

Pliasma Titan, MacLeay in King's Survey of Australia, 
ii. 454. 

G. R. Gray, Ent. of Austr. i. pi. 4, fern. (Diura T.) ; 

ejusd. Si/n. Phasm. p. 39 (Acrophylla T.). 
Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 231. 

Bimneister, Haiidb. d. Ent. ii. 2.5/9 (Cyphocrania T.). 
Laporfe, H. N. Lis. v. 4. pi. 4, mas. 
Phasma (Cyphocrania) Titan, De IIaan,Orfh.Orient.p. 129. 
Hab. In Australia. B.M. &c. 



2. (290.) Acrophylla Briareus. 

Brunnea ; mesothorace vix scabro ; tegminibus brunneis, 
uervis flavis ; alis nigris, maculis albis quadratis, area cos- 
tali brunnea, nervis flavis ; foliolis duobus brevissimis latis ; 
pedibus brevibus, quatuor posterioribus subtus spinosis. 

Long. corp. fccm. 5" 9'" ; alar, expans. 2" 5'". 

Diura Briareus, G. R. Gray, Trans. Ent. Sac. vol. i.p. 45 ; 
Syn. Phasm. p. 40. 
Hab. In Australia. Mus. Dunn. 

De Haan refers this species (as well as Acr. Enceladus, 
Gray) to the Cyphocrania maculata of Olivier. I have not 
seen the species. 



3. (291.) AcrophyUa Chronus. 

Mas. Olivaceus ; mesothorace spinulis parvis nigris ; teg- 
miuibus brunneis, margiue anteriore albis ; alis subhyalinis, 
albo-brunneis, area costali brunnea, juxta basin albo-mar- 
ginata ; pedibus spinosis. 

Foem. Flavescens, subnigro-viridis ; mesothorace vix 



scabro ; tegminibus flavo- aut brunneo-viridibus, nervis 
flavesccntibus ; alis nigris, obscure albo-maculatis, area 
costali brunneo-viridi, basi nervisque flavesccntibus, lineis 
irregularibus nigris, foliolis duobus longis apice latioribus ; 
pedibus mediocribus, quatuor posterioribus dentatis ; pedum 
lateribus griseo-reticulatis. 

Long. corp. maris, 4" ; anten. 2" ; alar, expans. 3" 9'". 

Long. Corp. foem. 6" 11'" ; anten. 11'"; alar. exp. 2" 11'". 

Mas. Ctenomorpha marginipennis, G. R. Gray, Ent. Austr. 

i. pi. 1 . f. 2 ; Syn. Phasm. p. 4 1 . 
Phasma (Cyphocrania D.) marginip., De Haan, Orthopt. 

Orient, ji. 131. 
Foem. Diura Chronus, G.R. Gray, Ent. of Austr. i. pi. 5. 
f. 2 ; Syn. Phasm. p. 39 (Acrophylla C). 
Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 232. 

Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 580 (Cyphocrania 
Chr.). 

Hub. In Australia. B.M. 

I am not satisfied as to the amount of variation to which 
this species is subject, but believe it to be greater than 
would at first sight be credited. In the Hopeian Collec- 
tion are preserved a male and female, received from Mr. 
MacLeay as distinct, under the name of Diura Saturnus ; 
the female agreeing with Gray's figure in the size of the 
wings and tegmina, but with the legs and anal styles more 
elongated, the latter being 13 lines long, the entire insect 
being 8 inches long. Other female specimens, of much 
smaller size, varying from 5 to 6 inches long, have the 
wings scarcely so long as the tegmina. In these also there 
is considerable diflference in the length of the anal styles. 
Another specimen, about 8| inches long (including the 
anal styles, 13 lines long), has the wings as large as in 
Gray's figiu'e, but much more strongly tessellated than the 
ordinary individuals, the general colour of the specimen 
being reddish brown. 



4. (292.) AcrophyUa Japetus. 

Mas. Brunneus ; mesothorace scaberrimo ; tegminibus 
brunneis, juxta apicem albo-marginatis ; alis hyalinis, basi 
flavo-albidis, margine exteriore nigrescentibus, area costali 
brunnea, basi subliyalina flavo-albida, apice nigrescente ; 
pedibus brevibus, dentatis. 

Foem. Flavo-viridis ; pro- et mesothorace brevioribus, 
scaberrimis ; tegminibus mediocribus ; alis nigris albo-ma- 
culatis, area costali viridi fusco-submaculato ; foliolis duobus 
brevibus, latis; pedibus brevioribus, dentatis. 

Long. corp. maris, fere unc. 4 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 
19 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 6 J ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. 
Hn. 26 -(- hn. 4^^ = lin. 30^ ; tegm. lin. 5 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 4i. 



PHASMIDiE. ACROPHYLLA. 



115 



Long. Corp. foeni. unc. 6 ; cap. lin. 3i ; anteu. lin. 10 ; 
proth. lin. 3; mesoth. lin. 12; metath. lin. 7; abdom. 
lin. 3.5 + lin. 8 +styl. anal. lin. 4 = lin. 47 ; tegm. lin. 9 ; 
alar, expans. lin. 37. 

Mas. Ctenomorpha spinicoUis, G. R. Gray, Ent. Austr. i. 

pi. 1. f. 1 ; Syn. Phasm. p. 41. 
Phasma (Cyphocrauia D.) spinic, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 131. 
Foem. Diura Japetus, O. R. Gray, Ent. of Austr. i. pi. 5. 

f. 1 ; Syn. Phasm. p. 40. 

Burmeister, Handb. il. Ent. ii. 2. 580 (Cyphocrania 
Jap.). 

Hah. In Australia, Melville Island. In Mus. Hopeiano 
Oxonioe. 

The anal styles in the male are scarcely visible beyond 
the extremity of the abdomen. 



5. (293.) Acrophylla Osiris. 

Pupa. Pallide brunnea; mesothoraoe scaberrimo ; follolis 
duobus brevissimis trigonis ; pedibus (anticis easu defi- 
cientibus) dentatis, intermediis et posticis brevibus lineis 
elevatis striatis ; tibiarum apice et basl i)arum dilatatis. 

Long. Corp. 4" 9'". 

Diura Osiris, G. R. Gray, Trans. Ent. Soc. i. 46 ; Syn. 
Phasm. p. 40. 
Had. In Australia. Mus. Hope. 

De Haan {Orth.Orient. p. 131 ) and Burmeister {Zeitsch. 
ii. 38) incorrectly consider this supposed species to be the 
pupa of A. Japetus {spinicoUis). 

The rudimental tegmina are 1 \ line, and the rudimental 
wings 3| lines long ; the posterior tibise have several spines 
on the outside near the base ; and the anal styles are as 
long as the preceding segment, broadly ovate, each with 
an erect thin ovate lobe as long as the style itself. 



6. (294.) Acrophylla Acheron. 

Larva. Albida brunneo adraixta ; thorace subglabro, 
foliolis longis sublatis ; pedibus brevioribus, anticis foliato- 
compressis, intermediis et posticis femoribus subcrassis, ul- 
timis spinosis ; tibiis interne spinis in medio duabus latis 
armatis, tarsorum articulo 1"° erecto dilatato. 

Long. corp. 4" 8'". 

Diura Acheron, G. R. Gray, Trans. Ent. Sue. i. 46 ; Syn. 
Phasm. p. 40. 
Hab. In Australia. Mus. Dunn. 

According to De Ilaan (Orth. Orient, p. 131), this sup- 
posed species is the pupa of A. Chronus {maryinipennis). 



7. (295.) Acrophylla MacLeaii. 

Rubro-brunnescenti-nigra, nigro-fuscata; tegminibus area- 
que costali pallidioribus albido-maculatis ; alis hyalinis, 
pallide brunnescentl-nigris ; pedibus gracilibus, pallide fas- 
ciatis. 

Long. corp. maris, 3" 2'"; foem. 3" 10'" ; expans. alar, 
maris, 3" 2"'. 
Ctenomorpha MacLeaii, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 41. 

Hah. In Australia. In Mus. Soc. Linn. Loud. 



8. (296.) Acrophylla tessellata. 
Plate XXXV. fig. 1, male ; fig. 2, female. 

Elongata, gracilis, brunueo-fusca ; capite (in utroque 
sexu) 3-ocellato ; mesothorace elongato, tuberculis acutis 
per paria irregulariter dispositis arraato ; tegminibus ova- 
libus, carince medio parum elevato ; alis maris magnis, 
fceminse dimidiatis, area costali flavescenti-brunnea, vena 
mediana prope basin in utroque sexu furcata, area postica 
hyalina nigro-tessellata ; oviductu cymbiformi, stylis com- 
pressis porrectis ; pedibus gracilibus, 4 posticis serratis ; 
stylis analibus maris miuutis (mas et foem.). 

Long. corp. maris, luic. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2i ; anteu. liu. 21 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 6^; metath. liu. 5 ; abdom. 
liu. 21 + lin. 5 = lin. 26; tegm. hn. 5; alar, expans. 
unc. 3i. 

Long. corp. fceiu. unc. 5^ ; cap. lin. 3; anten. lin. 11 ; 
proth. lin. 2\; mesoth. lin. 13; metath. lin. 64^; abdom. 
lin. 30-l-lin. 7 + styl. anal. hn. 2i=lin. 39\; tegm. lin. 7 ; 
alar, expans. unc. 2, lin. 7. 

Ctenomorpha tessellata, Curtis, MS. (male). 
G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 44. 
Hah. Moreton Bay, N. Australia. Foem. in Mus. Hope- 
iauo, Oxon. (e coll. Westw.). Mas in B.M. 

This species is remarkable for having the wings strongly 
tessellated in both sexes, those of the female being scarcely 
more than half the size of those of the male, and for the 
minute size of the anal styles of the male. The body is 
long and slender. The general colour is dark reddish 
brown. The head of the male is wide, with large eyes, and 
the three ocelli are distinct in both sexes ; the antennae in 
the male are moderately long, slender, and finely setose, 
about 24-jointed ; those of the female are much shorter, 
but composed of the same number of joints. The meso- 
thorax is armed along its upper surface with about six 
pairs of small pointed tubercles, placed rather irregularly ; 
and the lateral margins are also armed with a few smaller 
ones. The tegmina are oblong-ovate, with the middle of 
the central carina scarcely elevated. The wings are white, 

a 2 



116 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



strongly marked with black-brown tessellations along the 
transverse veins ; the costal area is red-brown, with the 
numerous transverse veinlcts whitish ; the central vein is 
furcate near the base. The legs of the male are long and 
slender, shorter and more robust in the female ; the ante- 
rior pair nearly simple, but the four hinder with the lower 
angles (especially of the femora) finely serrated. The ab- 
domen of the male is long and slender ; the terminal ven- 
tral segment short and much swollen ; the terminal dorsal 
segment contracted at the base, swollen at the sides, and 
furcate at the extremity, with minute teeth at the inner 
edges of the furcation. The ovipositor of the female is 
boat-shaped and compressed, followed by two compressed 
porrected anal styles about as long as the preceding joint. 

Plate XXXV. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. la. The 
terminal segments of the male seen sideways. 1 b. The 
same seen from beneath. 

Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. The terminal seg- 
ments of the female seen sideways. 

9. (297.) Acrophylla Salmacis, Westui. 
Plate XXXVII. fig. 2, male. 
Valde elongata, cylindrica, tota fusco-lutescens ; an- 
tennis brevibus, crassioribus ; capite 3-ocellato ; mesonoto 
spinis 8 per paria dispositis ; tegminibus clongato-ovalibus, 
carina mediana mediocriter elevata ; alls magnis, apice fu- 
mosis, vena mediana arese discoidalis prope basin furcata ; 
pedibus serratis, tibiis anticis inermihus, 4 posticis prope 
basin supra spinis duabus foliaceis majoribus approximatis 
armatis ; stylis abdominalibus perlongis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 5^ ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. liu. 12 ; proth. 
lin. 2 ; niesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 30 -f- 
lin. 6 + styl. anal. lin. 5=lin. 41 ; tegm. lin. 6 ; alar, espans. 
unc. 5A. 

Hab. Northern Australia. B.M. 

I have only seen the male of this species, which is very 
long, slender, and cylindrical, entirely of a luteous pale 
brown colour (the specimen had, however, been preserved in 
spirits of wine). The head is rather large and subdepressed ; 
the eyes very large, as well as the three ocelli. The antennae 
are short and thick, 23-jointed, the joints narrowed at the 
base, and setose. The mesothorax is long, armed with four 
pairs of short thick spines. The tegmina are elongate- 
ovate ; the median carina moderately elevated . The wings 
are large, stained along the outer margin with darker brown; 
the costal area darker, especially along the basal half, 
with the median vein furcate near the base. The abdo- 
men is very long and slender ; the last joint truncate, with 
the truncation curved ; the anal styles as long as the three 



terminal joints, flattened, and slightly pointed at the tip. 
The legs are of moderate length and serrated, the anterior 
tibife being simple ; the four hind tibiae with a bispinose 
foliaceous lobe near the base on the upper edge. 

Plate XXXVII. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

I at first thought it possible that the insect here figured 
might be the male of Cyphocrania Goliath, but the arrange- 
ment of the spines of the hind legs and mesosternum will 
scarcely allow of such an idea. 

10. (298.) Acrophylla violascens. 

Mas. Prasinus ; mesothorace scabro ; tegminibus arese- 
que costalis margine anteriorc albis ; area postica violas- 
cente ; foliolis duobus filiformibus ; pedibus auticis lon- 
gioribus, Intermediis brevibus dentatis, posticis longis, 
femoribus crassis angulatis dentatis, lineis elevatis striatis. 

Foem. Viridis ; mesothorace scabro, antice angustato, in 
medio subcarinato lineis tribus flavis ; tegminibus viridibus ; 
alls minoribus roseis ; area costali viridi, basi flava, apice 
attenuata ; abdomine longo, crasso, viridi, lineis longitudi- 
nalibus tribus subflavis ; foliolis duobus brevibus subfilifor- 
mibus ; pedibus mediocribus dentatis ; antennis brevibus. 

Long. Corp. maris, 3" 4'" ; anten. 9'" ; alar. exp. 2" 6'". 

Long. Corp. foem. 3" 9'" ; anten. 3" 6'" ; alar. exp. 1" 1'". 

^las. Phisma violascens, Leach, ZooL Miscell. i. pi. 9. 
G. R. Gray, Ent. Austr. i. pi. 6. f. 1 (Diura v.) ; 

Sy)i. Phasm. p. 40 (Acrophj'lla v.). 
Burmeister. Tlandh.d. Ent. ii.2. 580 (Cyphocrania v.). 
Foem. Diura roseipennis, G. R. Gray, Ent. Austr. i. pi. 7. 
f. 1 ; Sijn. Phasm. -p. 41 (Acrophylla r.). 
Burmeister, I. c. (Cyphocrania viol., foem.) 
Phasma (Cyphocrania C.) roseipennis. Be Haan, Orth. 
Orient, p. 130. 
Hab. In Australia. B.M., &c. 

Genus 30. PODACANTHUS. 
Podacanthus, G. R. Gray, ServiUe, Bur7neister, Be Haan. 
Body large, slender in the males, thick and cylindrical 
in the females. Head flat, gibbose behind. Ocelli 3. An- 
tennae moderately long ; those of the males one-third 
longer than those of the females, pilose, and 23-jointed, — of 
the females shorter, glabrous, and 26-jointed. Thorax short, 
pyramidal ; mesothorax scarcely twice the length of the 
prothorax, gradually widening behind, spinose. Meta- 
thorax rather longer than the mesothorax, broad and ob- 
long. Abdomen with the ovipositor of the females strongly 
cymbiforni, carinated beneath and pointed at the tip ; anal 
styles very long, narrow in both sexes ; terminal segment in 
the males truncate at the tip and biuncinate beneath. Teg- 



PHASMIDiE. PHASMA. 



117 



mina oval, half the length of the wings in the female, one- 
third iu the males. Wings large, equal-sized in both sexes. 
Legs short, two hind pairs dentated beneath. Tarsi with 
the basal joint short. 

1. (299.) Podacanthus Typhon. 

Viridi-flavus ; tegminibus viridibus, subtus basi roseis, 
maris margine externo roseo ; alis hyalinis albis, vel roseo- 
tinctis, venis magis roseis, area costali viridi, basi et subtus 
rosea ; abdomine flavo ; pedibus carneis. 

Long. corp. maris, 3" 2'" — 4" 1'" ; anten. 1" 9'"; alar, 
expaus. 5" 9'". 

Long. Corp. foem. 5" 4'" ; anten. 1" 6'" ; alar. exp. 8" 6'". 

Podacanthus Tvphon, G. R. Grmj, Eat. of Austr. i. pi. 2. 
f. 1 ; Sijn. Phasm. p. 32. 

Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 230. 
Burmeister, Ilandh. d. Ent. ii. 2. .581. 
Var. maris. Podacanthus unicolor (totus viridis), Charpen- 
tier, Orthopt. Descr. pi. 56. 

Hab. In Australia (Port Jackson, &c.). B.M., &c. 

2. (300.) Podacanthus viridi-rosens. 

P. Typhoni afBnis sed multo minor ; viridis ; alis roseis, 
nervis saturatioribus, basi violascentibus, area costali viridi, 
vena mcdiana rosea, furcata, stylis aualibus segmento ul- 
timo foeuiinse brevioribus. 

Long. corp. foem. uuc. 3|^ ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. lin. 9 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 3|^ ; metath. lin. 9i ; abdom. 
lin. 21 -t- lin. 74- styl. anal. lin. U = lin. 294 ; tegm. liu. 19; 
alar, expaus. unc. 5j. 

Phasma viridi-rosea (^Curtis, MS.). 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 43 (Podacanthus v.). 

Hab. Li Australia, Moreton Bay, &c. Mus. Curtis, 
Hopeiauo Oxonise, &c. 

I am indebted to J. Curtis, Esq., for allowing me to exa- 
mine and draw this and other species described from his 
collection by Mr. G. R. Gray. 



Genus 31. LOXOPSIS, TT'esfw. 
Head with the crown conically and obliquely elevated. 
Antennse moderately long. Mesothorax about thrice the 
length of the prothorax, suboonical, dilated behind. Teg- 
mina shortly ovate, one-fourth of the length of the wings. 
Wings as long as the abdomen, very broad. Abdomen of 
the female short and broad ; terminal segments short, 
simple ; ovipositor extending nearly to the extremity of the 
abdomen, ending in two short points. Legs rather short, 
anterior simple ; hind legs armed with small spines. 



It is unfortunate that only the female of this very re- 
markable insect is known. It is unique in the Museum ot 
Leyden. 

1 . (30 1 .) Loxopsis conocephala. 

Foem. Olivacea ; capite tctragono, conico, acnto ; ely- 
tris quartam partem alarum ajquantibus, acuto-carinatis ; 
alis dilatatis, longitudinem abdominis a-quantibus, cycloi- 
deis, fusco-griseis, maculis subfasciatis pellucidis ; abdomine 
dilatato, brevi, fusco nigro-fasciato. 

Long. corp. 2" 2'" ; proth. 2'" ; mesoth. 4'" ; ped. post. 
1"4'"; elytr. 5'"; alar. 1" 6"'. 

Phasma conocephalum, De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 124. 
pi. 12. f. 3, fem. 
Hab. In Sumatra. 

Genus 32. PHASMA. 

Phasma, pars, StoU, Fabricius, Lichtenstein. 

Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. p. .583. 
Phasma, SerriUe (H. N. Orth. p. 267). 

Gray {Syn. Phasm. p. 22). 

Be Haan, Orth. Orient.^. 123. 

Head small, subdepressed, often furnished with three 
ocelli. Antennse generally very long and setaceous, espe- 
cially iu the males. Thorax much shorter than the abdo- 
men. Mesothorax short, not more than twice the length of 
the prothorax, smooth or spined. Tegmina minute, some- 
times rather larger, oval, spinose, or elevated in the centre 
of the median carina. Wings subliuear, nearly as long as 
the abdomen in both sexes ; costal area narrow. Abdomen 
filiform, cylindric ; anal styles short ; ovipositor of the fe- 
male not extending beyond the extremity of the abdomen. 
Legs moderately long and simple, sometimes shghtly den- 
tated, not dilated or armed with membranous lobes. 

Inhabit the New World. 

1. (302.) Phasma Hopei. 

Nigro-brunneum ; capite thoraceque flavo-lineatis ; teg- 
minibus areseque costalis margine anteriore viridescenti- 
flavis ; alis albidis, apice nigris ; abdomine nigro-brunneo, 
apice pallidiori nigro-macnlato. 

Long. corp. maris, 2" ; anten. 3" ; alar, expans. 2" 9"'. 

Long. corp. foem. 3" ; anten. 2" 6" ; alar, espans. 3" 6'". 

Phasma Hopii, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 25 (nee Ph. 
perspicillare, ut teste Be Haan). 
Hab. In Brasilia. B.M., &c. 

2. (303.) Phasma perspiciUare. 
Griseo-brunneum ; tegminibus basi flavescentibus, area 

costali alarum flavo-striata, area postica basi albida ; limbo 



118 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



lato, integro, nigricante, ad apicem latiori, articulo I"" tar- 
sorum flavo. 

Long. Corp. 2" ; anten. 1" 7"' ; alar, expans. 3" 4'". 

Phasma perspicillaris (Le Spectre maniere de Papillon), 
Stall, Specfr. pL 23. f. 86, and Index. 

G R. Gray, Stjn. Phasm. p. 24. 
Ilab. Surinam. 

3. (304.) Phasma Gambrisius, JVesfw. 
Plate XI V^ fig. 2, male. 

Elongatum, subfiliforme, subcylindricum, viride ; capite 
majori, 3-ocellato, hoc et mesonoto subrugosis ; abdomine 
fusco, apice viridi ; alls albis, apice subfuscis, area costali 
viridi ; pedibus mediocriter elongatis, gracilibus ; tegmi- 
nibus parvis, subquadratis. 

Long. corp. unc. 2; cap. lin. 1 ; proth. lin. f ; mesotb. 
lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 3^; abdom. lin. 13 + lin. 2=lin. 15 ; 
tegm. lin. 2 ; alse, lin. 16 ; alar, expans. unc. 2f . 

Ilab. Lj Venezuela. B.M. 

Long, slender, subcylindrical, except the metathorax, 
which is the widest part of the body ; grass-green, not 
glossy, and destitute of spines or tubercles. The head 
wide ; eyes large ; ocelli three, large, the front one smaller 
than the two others ; crown of the head finely rugose. An- 
tennae broken (about an inch left), the joints very long, 
except the first, second, fourth, and fifth, which are short, 
imiform brown-coloured. Mesothorax small, cylindrical, 
finely rugose on the back. Tegmina small, oblong-quadrate, 
the extremity rather oblique, the carina strongly elevated 
into a rounded cone, the surface rather strongly reticulated. 
Metathorax jiale brown. Wings large ; costal area green, 
the principal vein furcate near the base ; hinder portion 
white, slightly dusky at the extremity ; the longitudinal 
veins pale brown, the transverse one scarcely distinct. Ab- 
domen long, cylindrical, brown, green at its extremity ; 
three terminal segments short, subclavate ; apex of ter- 
minal segment subemarginate ; terminal segments beneath 
moderately swollen, scarcely extending beyond the eighth 
dorsal segment ; anal styles rather large and setose. Legs 
slender (anterior tibise and tarsi wanting) and rather short, 
uniform green-coloured ; tarsi paler, beneath golden-co- 
loured ; basal joint of moderate length. 

Allied to Phasma prashmm, Serville. 

Plate XIV. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
four terminal segments of the abdomen seen from beneath. 
2 h. The same seen sideways. 

4. (305.) Phasma Venilia, JJ'esfio. 
Plate XXXIIL fig. 5, female. 
Oracile et perelcgaus, inerme, fulvum ; abdomine fusco, 



nitido ; capite 3-ocellato ; tcgminibus parvis, apice oblique 
truncatis, fulvis, margine interno nigro-tessellatis ; alis mag- 
nis, roseis, area costali Isete flava, antice virescente, postice 
fusco-striata ; pedibus tenuissimis (foem.). 

Long. corp. foem. lin. 28 ; cap. lin. If ; anten. lin. 29 ; 
proth. lin. If ; mesoth. lin. 3^ ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. 
lin. 13 J -|- lin. 3 = lin. IG^ ; tegm. lin. 2| ; alar, expans. 
unc. 35. 

Ilab. In Bogota. B.M. 

This is one of the most elegant species in the family. It 
is very slender, especially in the niesothoracic portion of 
the body. The head is oblong and polished ; the eyes large, 
as well as the three ocelli. The antennae are long and 
straight, about 24-jointed, the joints being remarkably 
long. The anterior half of the body is of a rich fulvous 
colour ; the legs rather paler, with a slight greenish tinge. 
The prothorax is rather irregular on its upper surface, and 
the mesothorax is marked by an impressed line down the 
whole of its length. The tegmina are small, oblong, with 
the middle of the carina but slightly elevated ; they are 
fulvous yellow, with the inner margin marked with three 
rows of small black spots occupying the areas between the 
transverse yellow veins. The wings are large, of a beau- 
tiful rosy hue, with darker rosy longitudinal veins ; the 
costal area rich yellow, with fulvous longitudinal veins ; 
the fore margin tinged with green, and the hinder margin 
with a brown dash, intersected by the pale longitudinal 
veins ; the principal vein is not furcate, but it unites before 
reaching the apex of the wing with the next vein, and this 
united portion again unites close to the tip with the fol- 
lowing vein. The legs are very slender and simple ; the 
basal joint of the tarsus about as long as the following joints 
united. The abdomen is long, cyUudrical, brown, and 
polished ; the three terminal joints are short, and termi- 
nated by two slender, straight, porrected styles ; the ovi- 
positor is straight, scarcely swollen, and reaches to the 
extremity of the ninth dorsal segment. 

Plate XXXIII. Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

5. (306.) Phasma Menius, Westw. 
Plate XVII. fig. 2, male. 
Gracile, sordide nigricans, obscurum ; antenuis longis, 
albido 1 0-annulatis ; mesonoto vix prothorace longiori, supra 
parum granuloso ; tegminibus brevibus, subquadratis, in 
medio elevato-angulatis, striola obscura notatis ; alis opaco- 
albidis, area costali nigricante ; pedibus gracilibus, obscuris, 
iuermibus, femoribus tibiisque basi albidis (mas). 



PHASMID^. PHASMA. 



119 



Long. corp. maris, unc. 2 ; cap. lin. 1^ ; anten. unc. 2\ ; 

proth. lin. IJ ; mesoth. lin. 2 ; metath. liu. -IJ ; abdom. 

lin. 11 + lin. 2^ = lin. 13^; tegm. lin. 2i ; alar, expans. 

unc. 24. 

Hab. In Columbia (D. Gaudkhaud) . In Mus. Saun- 
ders. 

This species is long and slender, of an obscure blackish- 
brown colour, opake. The head is nearly square, but 
slightly convex, with the three ocelli on the crown, the an- 
terior one considerably in advance of the others ; on each 
side behind the eyes is an obscure pale streak. The antennae 
are long and slender ; the joints are very long, and each 
alternate joint has its base marked with a broad whitish 
ring ; beyond the middle each joint is composed of a great 
number of minute articulations. The jsrothorax is oval, 
the anterior angles being truncated and spiraculiferous. 
The mesonotum is scarcely longer than the prothorax, finely 
rugose, and with two oblique rows of small tubercles on 
each side extending to the insertion of the tegmina ; the 
latter are small and nearly square, the centre strongly ele- 
vated into an obtuse angle, the ridge of which is marked 
with a dull whitish line. The wings are large, opake 
whitish, with a slight fulvous tinge, which is the colour of 
the longitudinal veins ; the veins and veinlets along the 
outer margin of the wings are brovni ; the costal area is 
blackish, with the principal vein furcate near the base. 
The abdomen is long, narrow, of nearly equal width through- 
out ; the terminal ventral segments considerably swollen and 
angulated, not extending beyond the eighth dorsal segment ; 
the anal styles deflexed and ovate. The legs are long and 
slender, destitute of spines ; the basal joint of the tarsi is 
as long as the three following joints. 

Plate XVII. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

6. (307.) Phasma Salping^s, TT'estw. 
Plate XXXIII. fig. 3, female. 

Elongatum, obscurum, fuscum, olivaceo-variegatum ; an- 
teunis pallidis, fusco-annulatis ; capite 3-ocellato, postice 
in tuberculum conicum elevato ; mesothorace brevi, spinis 
duabus ante medium armato ; tegminibus parvis, oblongis, 
oblique truncatis, venis pallidis ; alis permagnis, fumosis, 
venis longitudinalibus obscurioribus, area costali virescente, 
macnlis latis fuscis irregularibus nudatis ; pedibus longis, 
gracilibus, fusco et virescente variis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2, lin. 5 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 2| ; 
mesoth. lin. 2f ; metath. hn. 6 ; abdom. lin. 1-1 -|- lin. 3i 
=lin. 17|; tegm. lin. 3^; alar, expans. unc. 4. 

Ilab. In Bogota. B.M. 



This species is well distinguished by its short and hi- 
spiuose mesotliorax, and by the peculiar markings of tlie 
costal area of the wings. The general colour is dark brown 
variegated with olivaceous green. The head is very convex 
behind, and raised into a large conical tubercle ; the three 
ocelli are very large. The antennaj are pale luteous, very 
long and slender, but only 2 4-jointed ; the apical joints are, 
however, finely and minutely annulated ; each joint has the 
apical half brown. The mesothorax is very little longer 
than the prothorax, armed before its middle with two erect 
obtuse jjoiuts, ])receded by two more minute ones ; its lateral 
margins are also armed with two or three small spines. 
The tegmina are larger than the mesothorax ; the central 
carina is very strongly elevated and rounded, the apex is 
obliquely truncated, and the disk strongly reticulated with 
the fine pale veinlets. The wings are large ; the costal area 
pale olivaceous green, with numerous irregular-sized broad 
Ijrown waved spots ; the chief vein is furcate near the base ; 
the hinder area smoky coloured, with darker longitudinal 
veins. The abdomen is dark brown ; the terminal segments 
short, and conical at the tip ; the oviduct small, but reach- 
ing to the extremity of the abdomen ; the two anal styles 
short, obtuse, setose, and convergent at the tip. The legs 
are long, slender, and simple, alternately marked with 
brown and olivaceous spots ; the tarsi are long, the basal 
joint being about as long as the three following joints. 

Plate XXXIII. Fig. 3. The female, of the uatm-al size. 3 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

7. (308.) Phasma Tithonus. 

Flavescenti-viride ; capite thoraceque viridi-flavis, nigro- 
lineatis ; tegminibus in medio elevatis, nigro-lineatis ; alis 
hyahuis ; abdomine basi brunneo-flavo, apice viridi, nigro- 
maculato ; pedibus supra viridibus, nigro-lineatis, subtus 
nigris ; antennis nigris, griseo-albo-annulatis. 

Long. Corp. maris, 1" 7'" ; anten. 1"; alar, expans. 2". 

Long. Corp. fa3m. 2" 9'" ; anten. 1" 7'" ; alar. exp. 4". 

Phasma Tithonus, G. R. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 23. 
Sennlle, II. N. Orth. p. 272. 
Be Ilaan, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 
Phasma ornatum, Burmeister, Tlandh. d. Eat. ii. 2. 58."). 

Charpentier, Orth. l)escr. pi. 42. 
Phasma lineatum, Fischer, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mose. vii 
327. 
Hal/. In Brasilia (ucc Ind. orient.). B.M., &c. 

8. (309.) Phasma helvolum. 

Stramineo-flavcsceus ; capite subelongato, supra depresso, 
macula nigra vertical! ; prothorace capite paulo breviori, 
tuberculis normuUis nicricantibus minutis discoidalibus Ion- 



120 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



gitudinalitcr dispositis ; mesothorace brunneo, tuberculis 
numerosis minutis instructo ; tegminibus opacis, fulvo-ru- 
fescentibus, fere apicem metathoracis attingentibus ; alis 
fere longitudine abdominis, translucidis, subobscuris, venis 
bruniieis, costa subopaca, fulvescenti roseo-tincta, prMsertim 
ad basin tincta ; abdomine thorace duplo longiori, segmentis 
quinque basalibus supra macula magna brunnea oblonga 
notatis ; lamina supra-anali subanalem lineis duabus exce- 
dente, apice subtruncato, in medio vix emarginato, lamina 
subanali angusta, baud cymbiformi ; pedibus concoloribus, 
subtus brunneo submaculatis (faem.). 
Long. corp. unc. 3, lin. 3. 

Pbasma lielvolum, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 273. 
Be Ilaim, Orth. Orient, p. 1 23. 
Hab. \a Brasilia. 

9. (310.) Phasma lineolatum. 

Lseve, nigricans ; capite infra vircsccnti, supra utrinque 
lineolis duabus longitudinalibus viridibus ; thorace infra 
viridi, supra lineola longitudinali mediana flava vel viridi, et 
utrinque duabus viridibus interdum confluentibus ; tegmi- 
nibus minutis, vix longitudine dimidii mesothoracis, opacis, 
nigris, costa viridi ; carina mediana distincta, in spinam ter- 
minata (in foem. majori); alis longitudine abdominis, hya- 
linis, viridi-tinctis, apice margineque tenui interno brun- 
nescentibus, costa opaca brunnea, linea longitudinali lata, 
viridi ; pedibus concoloribus, viridi-tinctis -, antennis cor- 
pore duplo longioribus et concoloribus (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2; foem. unc. 2^. 

Phasma lineolatum, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 273. 

An Ph. fasciatum, G. R. Gray ? (teste Be Haan, Orth. 

Orient, p. 123). 

Hab. In Brasilia. 

10? (311.) Phasma fasciatum. 

" Nigrum ; capite albo-lineato ; mesothorace scabro ; teg- 
minibus nigris, margine anteriore viridibus ; alarum area 
costali nigrescenti, fasciis longitudinalibus viridibus ; area 
postica hyalina, alba, margine nigrescenti. 

" Long. corp. — ? ; anten. — ? ; alar, expans. — ?." — 

G. R. G. 

Phasma fasciatum, G. R. Gray, Si/n. Phasm. p. 24. 

Burmeister, llandh. d. Ent. ii. 2. 585. 
Ph. lineolatum?, Serv., Be Ilaan, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 

Hab. In Brasilia. 

11. (312.) Phasma Ega, IVesfw. 
Plate XXXII. fig. 2, female. 
Elongatum, inerme, viride, brunneo-purpureo varium ; 
mctathorace et abdomine lutescentibus ; alarum area postica 



alba ; pedibus perbrevibus ; capite macula rotunda flava 
inter oculos ; pro- et mesonotis 5-lineatis ; tegminibus in 
medio, parteque postica arese costalis alarum purpureo- 
maculatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 1| ; anten. lin. 14 ; 
proth. lin. \\ ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 
13-1- lin. 3 = lin. 16 ; tegm. lin. 3f ; alar, expans. hn. 34. 

Hab. Ega, in Brasilia (D. Bates). B.M. 

Of this elegant species I have only seen a single speci- 
men, which I regard as a female with some doubt. The 
anterior part of the body is grass-green, with purplish- 
brown markings, the mesothorax and abdomen being lu- 
teous brown. The head is oblong and green, with a cir- 
cular yellow patch between the eyes surrounded by a black 
ring, and having a slender dark line down its middle ; the 
hind i)art of the head is marked with seven longitudinal 
pale yellow lines. The antennae are reddish brown, the tips 
of the joints darker, basal joint yellow. The pro- and me- 
sothorax are green, with several dark j)urplish-brown longi- 
tudinal lines with slender yellow ones between them, the 
sides of the latter grass-green. The tegmina are elongate- 
ovate ; the carina scarcely elevated in the middle ; the inner 
margin, and a patch extending from it to the middle of the 
carina, of a imrplish-brown colour. The wings are large and 
white, the longitudinal veins slightly fulvous; the costal 
area has its anterior half grass-green, the posterior half 
yellowish, with irregular purplish-brown patches ; the me- 
dian vein is furcate. The legs are short and simple ; they 
are greenish-luteous coloured, with the tips of the femora 
and tibiae dusky. The abdomen is long, and of a luteous- 
brown colour ; the three terminal joints are rather short, 
and gradually attenuated, with the anal styles porrected 
and obtuse : the operculum is not at all prominent, and 
scarcely extends beyond the extremity of the seventh dorsal 
segment ; it is pointed at the tip, and is followed by two 
flattened plates united by a straight line down the middle, 
and these again by an entire, oval, slender membrane. 

Plate XXXII. Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. 
The terminal segments seen sideways. 2 b. The same seen 
from beneath. 

12. (313.) Phasma Necydaloides. 

Brunneum ; antennis flavis ant fuscis ; capite utrinque 
flavo-lineato ; mesothorace granuloso ; tegminibus ovatis, 
angulatis, brevissimis, fuscis, extus nigris, linea flava media 
notatis; alis longitudine abdominis, obscuris, area costali 
brunnea, opaca. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 2, lin. 2 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. 
lin. 27 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 2\ ; metath. lin. 4 ; 



PHASMID^. PHASMA. 



121 



ti'gm. liii. 3 ; alar, expans. 



abdom. lin. IJ + lin. 3=liii 
unc. 3i. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 2f ; mesoth. lin. 34 ; 
metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 18 + lin. 3i=lin. 2U ; tegm. 
lin. 4 ; alar, expans unc. 4^. 

Gryllus Necydaloides, Linntsus, Amcen. Acad. {Centur. 
Ins.) vi. 397. no. 32; Syst. Nat.xn. 2. C9I. 

" Corpus fusco-fuliginosum. Caput supra obscure fer- 
rugineura. Thorax subelongatus, supra scaber, brevior 
quam in reliquis Mantis speciebus. Elytra brevissima, om- 
nino ovata, obtusa, angulo humerali exstantia, supra ci- 
nerea, sub angulo ad latera nigra. Alae obscure nebulosre, 
convolutae et plicatfe, longae." — Amcen. Acad. 

" Dignoscitur elytris ovatis, brevissiinis, viridibus, extus 
nigris. Mas longe angustior, thoracis linea dorsali bifariam 

dentata, a feniina crassiore ct thorace laevi differt." Sy.it. 

Nat. 

Mantis Necydaloides, Riisel, Locust, t. 19. 

Fabricms, Ent. Syst. ii. 14. 7 ; Ent. Si/sf. Siinnt 

p. 189. "(PhasmaN.). 
0/iviei; Enc. M>'th. vii. 62.T (Mantis N.). 
ServiUe, H. N. Orth. p. 270 (Phasma N.). 
Phasnia Necydaloides, De i/aa7i, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 
Gryllus pbthisicus, Linn. Syst. Nat. (ed. x.) p. 425. no. 2 ; 
Mils. Adolph. Frid. 83 ; Mvs. Reg. Ulr. p. 1 10- Syst 
A'a^. ed. 12. p. 689. 2. 

" Corpus cinereum, longitudine 4 digitorum transver- 
sorum, crassitie pennae anseriuEe. Caput subrotuudum, 
Iseve. Antennae setacese. Collum Iseve, subrotundum, lon- 
gitudine capitis. Thorax elongatus, subcylindricus, longi- 
tudine capitis cum thorace, muricatus, punctis eminentibus 
vix couspicuis. Elytra brevissima, ovata, in medio notata 
gibbo carmato, extus nigra, linea alba carinali distinguente 
nigredinem a colore cinereo. AIcb longce, cinerese, semi- 
orbiculatae, plicatse, margine exteriore lineari-lanceolato, 
crassiore, cinereo-nebuloso, elytra mentiente tegente alas et 
abdomen. Pedes angulati, Iseves, nee spinosi." — Linn. 

Mantis phthisica, De Geer, Mem. Ins. iii. 9. 1. pi. 36. f. 1. 

Gmelin, Syst. Nat. no. 2049. 

Olivier, Enc. Meth. vii. 626. no. 5. 

ServiUe, Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. 58. 

Ctivier, Regne An. {ed. Crochard) Ins. pi. 80. f. 2. 
Phasma edule, var. /3, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. 13. 
Phasma bioculatum (Spectre brun sombre a miroirs noirs) 
StoU, Spectr. pl.20.f. 76. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 24. 
Hah. Surinam ; Cayenne ; Brazil. B.M., &c. 

A specimen from Bogota, in the British Museum, differs 
from the ordinary Brazilian individuals in ha^-ing the carina 
of the tegmina acutely conical, and not rounded in the 
middle of its elevation ; in the white mark of these organs 
not being curved (somewhat like a reversed S) ; in the 



hinder part of the wings being paler ashy coloured ; in 
the red base of the femora and fulvous-red tibia, instead 
of being uniformly black with the rest of the legs. In 
all other respects it so completely agrees, that I do not 
feel inclined to regard it as a distinct species. 

13. (314.) Phasma variegatiim. 

Parvum ; antennis brevissimis (.') ; thorace tereti, glabro ; 
tegminibus brevissimis, ovatis ; alarum costa lata, fusca, 
fasciis quatuor sulphureis, area postica ad basin hyaUna ; 
abdomine subdepresso, dilute fuliginoso. 

Long. Corp. circ. unc. 2. 

Phasma variegata (Spectre marquete), StoU, Mant. t. 8. 
f. 26. 

Fabricins, Ent. Syst. Snppl. p. 189. 
Phasma variegatura, Lichtenstein in Linn. Trans, vi. 15 
uo. 18. 

LatreiUe, Gen. Or. et Ins. iii. 87. 
ServiUe, Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. 58. 
G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 24. 
ServiUe, II. N. Orth. p. 271 (Phasma v.). 
De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 
Mantis tessulata, Oliv. Enc. Meth. vii. 637. no. 63. 
Hal). In Surinam. 



14. (315.) Phasma prasinum. 

Viridulum ; thorace gracili, sulco medio longitudinali ; 
mesothorace longitudinaliter sulcato ; tegminibus mesotho- 
race dimidio brevioribus, viridibus, apice truncato-sinuatis, 
carina mediana vix distincta ; ahs abdominis longitudine, 
flavidis, hyalinis, costa opaca viridi flavido-tessellata ; pedi- 
bus concoloribus, femoribus tibiisque macula nigra apicali ; 
antennis corpore longioribus, articulis viridibus, apice 
brunneis (abdomine mutilo) (mas). 

Long. Corp. 2 unc. 

Phasma prasinum, ServiUe, II. N. Orth. p. 272 (nee Ph. 
prasinum, Burm. p. 586). 

Be Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 
Hab. ? 

15. (316.) Phasma cinereum. 

Cinereum ; mesothorace tereti, glabro ; tegminibus bre- 
vissimis, lanceolatis, cinereis, fusco-reticulatis ; alis dilute 
cinereis, fusco-vcnosis, area costah rufescenti, fusco-nebu- 
losa ; antennis brevibus, setaceis ; femoribus anticis utrinque 
membrana tenui instnicta. 

Long. Corp. 2" 5'" ; anten. 7'" ; alar, expans. 3" 3'". 

Phasma cinerea (Le Spectre de couleur cendre'e), StoU 
Spectr. t. 1 4 . f. 56, (|- App. 

Lichtenst. Linn. Trans. \i. 16 (Phasma cin.). 



122 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Mantis cinerea, OUv.Enc. Meth. vii. &A\,App. no. 15. 

Serville, Aim. Sc. Nat.xxn. ^8 (Phasma c). 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasin. p. 25. 

Bunneisfer, Hmidb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 584. 

Be. Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 
Mantis baculus, De Geer, Mem. Ins. ii. pi. 3G. f. 1 . 
Hah. In Surinam et Brasilia (Bahia). 

In the Berlin Museum the name of this species has 
been applied by Burmeister to a female insect which 
exactly agrees with his short description, — " rufo-ciuereum, 
niesonoto scabro, alarum area postica venis transversis 
infuscatis." The following are the proportions of this 
insect : — 

Long. corp. uuc. i^ ; cap. Hn. 2^ ; aiiten. unc. 2\ ; proth. 
lin. 2i; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. liu. (i ; abdom. lin. 22 + 
lin. 5 = Un. 27 ; tegm. lin. b\ ; alar, expans. unc. 4|. 

The legs are comparatively very short and slender, the 
hind ones not reaching beyond the fourth segment of the 
abdomen ; the abdomen long and broad ; the tegmina oval, 
with the central carina slightly elevated towards the base. 



16. (317.) Phasma laterale. 

Nigrum ; mcsothorace teretiusculo, glabro ; tegmiuibus 
alarumque basi sulphureis ; abdomine nigro, marginibus la- 
teralibus brunneis ; pedibus inerraibus. 

Long. Corp. unc. 2, lin. 1 ; expans. alar. unc. 3. 

Phasma lateralis (Le Spectre noir de Surinam, et Spectre 
noir de Coromandel), Stall, Specfr. pi. 10. f. 36, 3". 
Fabricius, Ent. Syst. ii. 15 (Mantis 1.) ; Ent. Syst. 
Suppl. p. 188 (Phasma 1.). 
Phasma laterale, Lichtenstein, Limi. Trans, vi. 15. 
Latreille, Gen. Cr. et Ins. iii. 87. 
Oliv. Enc.Meth. vii. 634. no. 43. 
Serv. Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. 58 (Phasma 1.). 
Lepel. et Serv. Enc. Meth. x. 101. 
G. B. Gray, Syn. Phasin. p. 22. 
De Haan, Orth. Orient, ip. 123. 
Mantis xanthovnela, Oliv. Enc. Meth. vii. 638. 
Hab. In Brasilia. 

In the Banksian Cabinet the name Phasma laterale is 
applied to a small species with short quadrate tegmiua, each 
furnished with a small curved spine. 



17. (318.) Phasma Pholcus, TJ^estw. 

Plate X. fig. 2, male. 

Gracile, cylindricum ; mesothorace crassiori ; cinereo- 

virescens granulis pallidis ; capite 3-oceIlato ; mesonoto 

brevi ; tegmiuibus ovalibus, carina prope basin in spinam 

brevem elevata ; alarum area postica fusco parum tincta ; 



abdomine longiori ; pedibus prsesertim posticis brevioribus, 
tarsorum artieulo basali mediocri. 

Long. Corp. lin. 2L; cap. lin. 1^; proth. lin. 1 ; me- 
soth. lin. 2^ ; metath. lin. 2| ; abdom. lin. 1 1 + lin. 2 = 
lin. 13 ; tegm. hn. 2 ; alae, lin. 13 ; alar, expans. lin. 27. 

Hab. In Brasilia (Santarem, D. Bates). B.M. 

This species is remarkable for the great comparative 
length of the abdomen, the spinose tegmina, and the short- 
ness of the hind legs. The head is subquadrate, its ante- 
rior part pale yellow ; eyes prominent ; ocelli three, luteous. 
The head, prothorax, mesothorax, tegmina, legs, and costal 
area of the wings are greenish ashy, not glossy ; the an- 
terior parts of the body rugose, with minute pale granula- 
tions. The antennse are nearly as long as the body, with 
pale annuli ; the mesothorax is short, as well as the meta- 
thorax, being of nearly equal length. Tegmina small, sub- 
ovate, rugose ; the carina moderate, armed near the base 
with a small erect spine. Wings with the costal area ashy 
green, the principal vein furcate, hinder portion of wings 
slightly tinged with brown. Abdomen long, slender, dark 
brown, slightly glossy, rather clavate at the tip ; apical 
dorsal segment with a small notch in the middle of the hind 
margin ; anal styles short and rather thick ; terminal ven- 
tral segments scarcely swollen, extending rather beyond the 
base of the ninth dorsal segment. 

Plate X. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
terminal segment seen from above. 2 b. The terminal seg- 
ments seen from beneath. 2c. The same seen laterally. 



18. (319.) Phasma maculatum. 

Gracillimum ; capite thoraceque flavo-brunneis, strigis 
brunneis ; tegmiuibus miuutis, quadratis, in medio spina 
armatis ; alis hyalinis, fuscis, margine exteriori obscuro ; 
area costali flavo-brunnea, brunneo-maculata ; pedibus bre- 
vibus, brunneis, fiisciis albo-brunueis (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 2, lin. 2 ; cap. lin. 1 1 ; auten. unc. 2, 
lin. 11 ; proth. lin. If; mesoth. lin. 3; metath. lin. 4; 
abdom. lin. 144- hn. 3=lin. 17 ; tegm. lin. U ; alar, expans. 
lin. 35. 

Phasma maculatum, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 26. 

Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 269. 

De Haan, Orth. Orient. Tp. 123. 
Hab. In Brasilia (River Amazon). In Mus. Saunders 
et B. M. 

The head is considerably wider than the prothorax ; the 
two hind ocelli large, the anterior one being much less 
distinct. 



PHASMID.E. PIIASMA. 



123 



19. (320.) Phasina ambig^iun. 
Pl.vte XIII. fig. 3, male. 

Cinereum ; tegmiuibus nigvis, spina in margiue anteriori; 
area costali alisquc pallide fulvis, margine cinereo ; corpore 
nigro (mas et fa>m.). 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 19 ; cap. lin. 1 ; jiroth. liii. -j ; 
mesoth. lin. 2 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 10 + lin. 2 = 
lin. 12; tegm. lin. 2; alee, liu. 11|; alar, expans. unc. 2. 

Long. corp. fcem. unc. 2^; cap. lin. If; proth. lin. 1^; 
mesoth. lin. 2iT ; metath. lin. 4^; abdom. Hn. 14 + lin. 2 = 
lin. 16 ; tegm. lin. 3^ ; alse, lin. 17 ; alar, expans. unc. 3. 

Phasma ambigua. Stall, Spectr. pi. 25. f. 98. 
Phasma ambiguum, G. R. Gray, Syii. Phasm. p. 26. 
ServUle, H. N. Orth. p. 269. 
De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 

Hab. 1 {Stall) ; Cayenne (Serville) ; Villa Nova, 

Brasilia (Bates). B.M. 

I have but little hesitation in considering the insect re- 
presented in Plate XIII. fig. 3, as the male of Stoll's Ph. 
ambigua, although it differs slightly in several respects 
from Serville's detailed description of the species. The 
female, as will be seen from the measurements given above, 
is considerably larger ; the spine on the tegmina of the 
male is not so large, and is more deflexed than in the 
female ; the antennse of the male are very long and slender, 
consisting of about forty joints, the joints long and slender, 
slightly hair}', and scarcely distinguishable from each other ; 
near the extremity of the antennae in the female there is a 
white annulus about a line long ; the costal area of the 
wings in the female is greenish brown, with a few slightly- 
marked pale spots near the apex, none of which are dis- 
cernible in the male ; the posterior area is of a dirty huffish 
white, %vith buff veins. The legs are dirty brownish green, 
with the femora and tibiae darker at the tips ; the ante- 
rior and middle tibiae are also slightly marked with paler 
annuli. 

Plate XIII. Fig. 3. The male, of the uatm'al size. 3 a. The 
terriiinal segments of the abdomen of the male seen side- 
ways. 3 h. One of the tegmina of the female with the erect 
spine. 3 c. The terminal segments of the abdomen of the 
female seen from above, showing the longitndiual black 
streaks. 3 i1. The same seen sideways, showing the veiy 
slightly swollen operculum extending only to the middle of 
the eighth dorsal segment. 

20. (321.) Phasma spinicolle. 
Olivaceo-fulvum ; capite 3-ocellato ; antennis multi-au- 

nulatis ; mesothorace scabro-spinoso, linea dorsali media 
nigra ; alls obscuris ; tegmiuibus parvis, quadratis ; femo- 
ribus anticis rectis. 

Long. Corp. maris, 1" 10'"; foem. 2" 4'". 



Phasma spinicolle, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 585. 
Be Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 
Hub. In insula St. Domingo, Port au Prince. 

Specimens of both sexes of this very distinct species are 
preserved in the Royal Museum of Berlin, where I have 
examined and made drawings of them. 



21. (322.) Phasma armatum. 

Obscure brunneum ; capite anticc lineis duabus tuber- 
culatis ; mesothorace postice dilatato, antice gibbo, lineis 
quatuor spinarum armato ; tegmiuibus parvis, quadratis, 
areaque costali brunneis, reticulatis ; alls hyalinis, pallide 
rubris ; pedibus brevibus, nigro-brunneis, albo-fasciatis ; 
capite parvo, ocellis obsoletis. 

Long. Corp. unc. 2i ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 1^ ; proth. 
lin. 1| ; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. hn. 5 ; abdom. lin. I3-|- 
hn. 2| = Hn. 15i ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. unc. 3^. 
Phasma armatum, G. E. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 26. 

Hab. In Demerara. B.M. 

22. (323.) Phasma flavo-maculatiim. 

Nigrescenti-bruuneum ; thorace flavo-maculato, subtus 
virescenti ; tegmmibus margine anteriori, linea media, mar- 
gineque posteriori i-iridescentibus ; alls obscure hyalinis, 
area costali nervis longitudinalibus viridibus ; pedibus vi- 
ridescentibus. 

Long. corp. 2" 6'" ; anten. 2" 3'" ; alar, expans. 2" /'". 
Phasma flavo-maculatum, G. JR. Gray, Syu. Phasm. p. 25. 

Hab. In Brasilia. In Mus. Saunders et B.M. 

The type of this species, described from a male specimen, 
is preserved in the National Collection, which also contains 
a female, of which a specimen is also contained in Mr. W. 
W. Saunders's Cabinet. The followuig are their relative 
proportions : — 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anteu. lin. 27 ; 
proth. lin. If ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. 
lin. 15 + lin. 3|^ = lin. 184 ; tegm. liu. 3^ ; alar, expans. 
unc. 2f . 

Long. corp. foem.imc. 3^; cap. lin. 2\; anten. unc. If ; 
proth. lin. 6 ; metath. liu. 5 ; abdom. hn. 20 -|- lin. 5 = 
lin. 25 ; tegm. lin. 4 ; alee long. Uu. 4\. 

The head is very glossy, and the anterior half of the 
body is marked with minute yellow spots, which assume 
the appearance of granules on the mesonotum. The head 
is furnished in the male with three rudimental ocelli, which 
are almost obsolete hi the female. The antenuEe are long 

R 2 



124 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



in both sexes. The tegmiua are oval, and have a large 
dark central patch, the middle of the central carina being 
but little elevated ; the principal vein of the costal area in 
the wings of both sexes is furcate near the base ; the trans- 
verse veins in this part are rather wide apart, and black. 
The wings of the male are of full size, but those of the fe- 
male are scarcely longer than the niesothorax. The abdo- 
men of the male is cylindrical, with the seventh and eighth 
segments rather swollen ; the terminal ventral segment does 
not extend beyond the eighth dorsal, and is not swollen 
and more membranous than usual ; the last dorsal segment 
is small, and arched at its extremity, with the anal styles 
short, cyUndrical, obtuse, and setose ; the abdomen of the 
female is longer and more robust, the sixth ventral segment 
with a short spine in the middle of its posterior margin ; 
and the oviduct is membranous, and does not extend be- 
yond the middle of the eighth dorsal segment. 

23. (324.) Phasma Cneius, Jl'estw. 
Plate XXI. fig. 2, female. 

Luteo-griseum, fusco-varium, gracilliraum, cylindricum ; 
capite parvo, 3-ocellato ; antennarum articulis basi pallidis, 
fascia subapicali lata alba ; capite, pro- et mesonotis granu- 
latis ; tegminibus parvis, ovalibus, luteo-griseo et nigricante 
variegatis ; alls subangustis, fusco-tinctis, area costali luteo- 
griseo et fusco irregulariter maculata et nebulosa ; pedibus 
perbrevibus, inermibus (mas et foem.). 

Long. corp. maris, lin. 21 ; cap. lin. 1 ; anten. lin. 18; 
proth. Un. 1 ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 
12+Un. 2=lin. 14 ; tegm. lin. 1^; alar, expans. unc. 2. 

Long. corp. foem, lin. 27 ; cap. lin. \\; anten. lin. 15 ; 
proth. lin. \\ ; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. Un. 4 ; abdom. 
lin. 15 -f Un. 3 = lin. 18; tegm. lin. 2\ ; alar, expans. 
unc. 2y. 

Hub. Villa Nova, in BrasiUa {V. Bates). B.M. 

This obscurely-coloured, very slender species is well 
distinguished by the very short legs, annular antennae, and 
granulated anterior part of the body. The head is small, 
oblong, convex ; eyes very globose and prominent ; between 
them in the male is a circular depression, within which the 
ocelU are placed ; the two posterior ones on raised pale- 
coloured tubercles, giving the appearance of a pair of greatly 
enlarged ocelU. In the female the oceUi are small and less 
conspicuous. The antennae are slender, about 50-jointed, 
brown, with the majority of the joints pale at the base ; the 
terminal joints are very indistinct, and close to the tip is a 
rather broad white ring. The pro- and mesothorax are finely 
but rather distantly granulose. The tegmina are small, oval, 
with the veins strongly marked, and with a moderately ele- 



vated tubercle a little before the middle of the chief vein. 
The wings are rather long and narrow, equally developed 
in both sexes, stained pale brown, with the veins rather 
darker ; the costal area pale luteo-greyish, varied with 
darker purplish-brown clouds ; the principal veins marked 
alternately with short black streaks ; median vein furcate 
at about one-fourth from the base of the wing. Legs, 
especially the four hind ones, very short, slender, and 
simple. Abdomen very long and slender, the terminal seg- 
ments in the male not dilated above, aud scarcely so beneath, 
widely gaping at the tip ; anal styles small, and buff. The 
terminal ventral segments, in the only female I have seen, 
may possibly have been injured, — the plate analogous to the 
onduct being flattened, and only extending to the extremity 
of the seventh dorsal segment, and notched at its tip, fol- 
lowed by two pairs of lateral compressed plates, narrow, 
and pointed at the tip, and another bifid flattened plate 
with the two anal styles. 

Obs. One of the specimens of the male, received with the 
rest from Mr. Bates, is destitute of ocelU (fig. '2d). 

Plate XXI. Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen from beneath. 26. 
The same seen laterally. 2 c. The front of the head of the 
male. 2d. Ditto of variety without ocelU. 2e. The ter- 
minal segments of the male seen laterally. 

24. (32.5.) Phasma BennettiL 

Mesothorace brevissimo ; capite thoraceque viridibus, 

nigro-lineatis ; tegminibus areaque costali aeruginosis, mar- 

gine anteriori et nervis nigris ; alis nigrescentibus ; abdo- 

i mine pedibusque nigris, femoribus lineis longitudinalibus 

I viridibus elevatis. 

I Long. corp. vmc. 2 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 19 ; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 1^; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 15 ; 
tegm. Un. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 3:^. 

Phasma Bennettii {Curtis, MS.). 

G. R. Gray, Si/n. Phasm. p. 25. 
DeUaan, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 

Hab. In Columbia. CoU. Curtis. 

I am indebted to Mr. Curtis for allowing our friend, 
A. H. Haliday, Esq., to make me a sketch of this very 
distinct species, which is unique in his collection. It is re- 
markable for the very short mesothorax, which is not 
nearly so long as the protborax. 

25. (326.) Phasma Stabilinus, Westw. 
Plate XVII. fig. 5, female. 
Fuscum, subbreve, inerme ; pro- et mesothorace aequaU- 
bus ; capite magno, gibboso, rufo, 3-ocellato ; aUs auran- 



PHASMID.E. PHASMA. 



125 



tiacis, margine lato, nigro, apice lutescenti, area costali 
fulra, uigro-punctatissima ; autennis uigris, albo-annulatis ; 
femoribus anticis rectis ; tibiis omnibus cumtarsis albido- 
annulatis (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. fcem. unc. 2^ ; cap. liu. 2^ ; proth. lin. If ; 
mesoth. lin. IJ ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdoni. lin. 12 + lin. 3^ 
^ lin. 15^; tegm. lin. 4; alse, lin. 21 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 3^. 

Hab. In Brasilia, Amazons (7). Bates). In Mus. 
Saunders. 

This is one of the most curious species in the family, 
and is distinguished not only by the brilliancy of its colours, 
but also by its remarkably short mesothorax, scarcely more 
than a quarter of the length of the metathorax, its straight 
anterior femora, large subglobose head, large wings, &c. 
The head is large and fulvous red, with three ocelli in a 
triangle between the eyes. The antennse are long and 
slender, with several broad whitish annuli. The prothoras 
bro\vn, with two pairs of black patches on the back ; the 
anterior lateral angles are circularly incised. The meso- 
thorax is very short, gradually raised and widened behind. 
The tegmina are pale reddish brown, with minute dots of 
black in the reticulated spaces. The wings are large and 
bright orange-coloured, with a broad black border, the tip 
being pale luteous ; the costal area is reddish brown, with 
a multitude of minute black dots within the reticulated 
spaces ; the chief vein is furcate near the base. The meta- 
thoras is wide ; the abdomen gradually narrowed to the tip, 
dark brown-coloured ; the three terminal segments short, 
entire ; anal styles short, exserted ; operculum moderately 
swollen, extending to the extremity of the abdomen. Legs 
moderately long, slender, and simple ; femora blackish ; 
tibiie and tarsi auuulated with luteous and blackish. Tarsi 
with the basal joint rather longer than the three following 
joints united. Body beneath of a nearly uniform rich 
brown colour. 

Plate XVII. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



26. (327.) Phasma umcolor. 

Gracile, cylindricum, rufescenti-brunneum ; capite ma- 
jor!, 3-ocellato ; mesothorace scabro ; tegminibus in medio 
elevatis ; alis cinereis, apice obscuris ; pedibus longis, lineis 
elevatis striatis ; autennis luridis, articulorum apicibus ni- 
gris. 

Long. Corp. lin. 25-j ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 22 ; proth. 
lin. \\ ; mesoth. lin. 2i ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 15^ ; 
tegm. lin. 1 ; alar, expans. lin. 34. 



Phasma uuicolor {Curtis, MS.). 

G. It. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 25. 
Hah. In Colombia. Mus. Curtis. 

I am indebted to Mr. Curtis for an opportunity afforded 
to our friend Mr. Haliday to make me a sketch of the 
unique specimen of this insect in his cabinet. 



27. (328.) Phasma Phlegyas, Westw. 
Plate XVII. fig. 1. 

Gracile, cylindricum, fuscum, obscurum ; capite inter 
oculos rugoso ; mesothorace granuloso ; autennis perlongis ; 
pedibus gracilibus, iuermibus ; tegminibus parvis, ovatis, 
postice oblique trimcatis ; alis fusco parum tinctis, area cos- 
tali pallide fusca, nebulis punctisque obscurioribus. 

Long. Corp. circ. unc. 2^; cap. Un. \\; anten. lin. 24 ; 
proth. lin. ly ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdoni. circ. 
lin. 14 ; tegm. liu. 3^ ; expans. alar. unc. 2^-. 

Hah. In Brasilia ; Monte Video. In Mus. Saunders. 

The only specimen I have seen of this species has the 
abdomen broken off beyond the third segment, so that it 
is only from its slender form that I conjecture that it is a 
male. It is slender and cylindrical, dusky brown, and desti- 
tute of gloss. The head is rather larger than the prothorax ; 
eyes prominent ; the middle of the head rather rugose, and 
with two rows of granules extending towards the hind mar- 
gin. The antennae are very long and slender, brown, with 
paler annulations. The mesothorax is long, slender, and 
finely grauulose. The tegmina are ovate, considerably 
shorter than the metathoras, with the apical margin ob- 
liquely truncate ; they are brown, with darker veins, and 
with a strongly elevated tubercle towards the base. The 
wings are of moderate size, slightly stahied with brown, 
with dark brown longitudinal veins ; the costal area pale 
brown, with numerous darker small patches and spots, 
especially towards the disc of the wing ; the chief vein is 
furcate. The abdomen is long and slender. The legs are 
of moderate length, slender, simple, dusky, and slightly 
varied with paler dots. 
Plate XVTI. Fig. 1. The insect (male?), of the natural size. 



28. (329.) Phasma Puppeiiis, Tf'estw. 

Plate X. fig. 1, male. 

Gracillimum, filiforme, Ireve ; antennis pedibusque elon- 

gatis ; tegminibus oblongo-ovatis, apice acuto ; alis hyalinis, 

iridescentibus, venis mediis longitudinalibus ad basin nigris, 

area costali pallide virescenti ; segmentis 7 et S abdomina- 



126 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



libus supra nigro bivittatis, ultimo apice cmargiuato, subtus 
spinulis rugoso (mas). 

Long. corp. liu. 23 ; cap. lin. 1|; proth. lin. 1 ; me- 
soth. lin. 5:^ ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdora. lin. 10 + liu. 2 = 
lin. 12 ; tegm. liu. 1 ; alse, liu. 11 ; alar, expans. lin. 23. 

Hab. Li Brasilia (Tapajos, I). Bates). B.M. 

One of the most slender species of the family, and of 
which I have only seen a single male specimen. It is cylin- 
drical, smooth, destitute of spines or tubercles ; general 
colour luteous. The head is wider than the prothorax ; eyes 
])rominent ; ocelli wanting. Antennse as long as the body. 
JNIesothorax long, and slenderer than the metathorax. Teg- 
mina small, oblong-ovate, widest behind ; the apex acu- 
minated ; carina slightly developed, pale green. Wings with 
the costal area pale green ; hinder area hyaline, iridescent ; 
the longitudinal veins nearly colourless, except at the base, 
where the central ones are black. Legs long, slender, 
and simple ; the extremity of the four posterior tibise and 
of the basal joint of the tarsi fuscous ; basal joint of the 
anterior tarsi three-fourths, and of the hind tarsi two-thirds 
of the whole length of the tarsus. Abdomen very slender, 
slightly clavate at the tip, the extremity of the seventh and 
base of the eighth segments being widest ; these two seg- 
ments are marked on the upper side with two dark vittae ; 
the ninth segment is subquadrate, slightly emarginate at 
its extremity, and rugose on its under side, with small 
points ; anal styles deflexed, obtuse, short ; the terminal 
ventral segments slightly swollen. 

Plate X. Fig. 1. The male, of the uatm-al size. la. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 1 b. The 
terminal segment seen from beneath. 



29. (330.) Phasma Valgius, Westw. 
Plate X. fig. 3, male. 

Gracillimum, filiforme, Iseve ; capitis margine postico 
serie tuberculorum iustructo ; mesothorace elongato, granu- 
loso ; tegminibus parvis, ovalibus, pallidis, venis longitudi- 
nalibus maculaque parva discoidali fuscis ; abdomine elon- 
gato, apice vix clavato, segmento ultimo apice fisso ; pedi- 
bus elongatis. 

Long. Corp. unc. 2i ; cap. liu. li ; proth. lin. li; mesoth. 
lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 3\ ; abdom. lin. 13 -t- lin. 2 = lin. 15 ; 
tegm. lin. 2; alse, lin. 13; alar, expans. lin. 27. 

Hah. ? B.M. 

An extremely slender filiform species, with long and de- 
licate legs and antennae. The general colour is pale luteous 
buff. The head is moderate-sized ; eyes prominent ; ocelli 



wanting ; hind margin of the head with a transverse row 
of minute tubercles. Antennae long, with broad darker 
bands. Mesothorax elongated, finely granulose. Tegniina 
ovate, with brovvu longitudinal veins, and a dark spot near 
the base. Wings subhyaline ; costal area darker. Legs 
long and simple (anterior wanting) ; basal joint of the tarsi 
of moderate length. Abdomen long, slender, and cylin- 
drical ; the seventh, segment gradually thickened; the 
eighth dilated at the sides beneath ; ninth small, with a deep 
notch at the tip ; anal styles short, obtuse ; three termi- 
nal ventral segments scarcely extending beyond the middle 
of the eighth dorsal segment, moderately swollen. 

Plate X. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 



30. (331.) Phasma Phantasma, Westw. 
Plate XIL fig. .5, male. 

Gracillimum, cylindricum, inerme ; anteiinis pedibusque 
elongatis ; pallide luteo-fuscum, capita et pronoto fusco va- 
riegatis ; mesonoto lineis uigris tenuissimis ; tegminibus 
parvis, oblique truncatis ; alls vix fusco tinctis, area costali 
obscuriori ; pedibus pallide luteis fusco fasciatis (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 2\ ; cap. liu. 1 ; proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. 
lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 14 -)- lin. 2 = lin. 16 ; 
tegm. lin. 1^^ ; alse, lin. 11^; alar, expans. Un. 23^^. 

Hub. Tapajos, in Brasilia (D. Bates). B.M. 

Very long, slender, and cylindrical, smooth, not glossy, 
pale luteous brown. Head small, depressed ; eyes large, 
prominent, dark along the front margin, a dark line in the 
middle ; hind part with more or less distinct, slender dark 
lines. Antennre long, slender, pale luteous brown. Pro- 
thorax varied with several short and slender dark lines. 
Mesothorax long, with a greenish tinge, and with a central 
and lateral very fine black line. Tegmiua small, pale brown, 
oblique, truncate at the extremity, pale yellow on the outer 
side near the base. Wings very slightly stained with dusky 
colour (almost iridescent) ; the costal area very pale brown ; 
principal vein entire, reticulations vride apart ; longitudinal 
veins of the hind portion very slightly coloured with brown. 
The abdomen is filiform, pale luteous brown, each segment 
with a dark dorsal line and four small black dots arranged 
in a square near the hind margin ; the terminal segment is 
deeply emarginate behind ; the under surface at the extre- 
mity armed with minute hooks ; the anal styles curved, ob- 
tuse at the tips, not extending beyond the extremity ; the 
terminal ventral segments are swollen, and do not extend 
to the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. The legs 
are very long, slender, and simple, pale luteous brown ; the 



PHASMID.E. PHASMA. 



127 



femora and tibiie with darker bands ; the basal joint of the 
tarsi very long. 

Plate XII. Fig. 5. The male, of the natural size (drawn from 
a specimen in which the tegmina had been broken off ; but 
other specimens have since been received from Mr. Bates, 
showing the tegmina scarcely so large as represented by 
the dots in this figure). 5 a. The terminal segments seen 
laterallv. 5 b. The last segment seen from beneath. 



31. (332.) Phasma Paxillus, IJ'estw. 
Plate XI. fig. 5, male. 

Elongatum, subcylindricum ; capite et thorace granu- 
losis, abdomine subrugoso ; obscure viridi-mgricaus ; capite 
utrinque spinulis duabus in medio verticis ; tegmiuibus 
ellipticis, carina prope basin in lobum rotundatum elevata, 
obscure viridibus, venis nigrioantibus ; alis mesothorace 
parum longioribus, area costali viridi-cinerea, basi obscure 
rosea, parte postica fumosa, strigis trausversis inter venas 
pallidis ; abdominis segmentis apicalibus paulo dilatatis, 
ultimo apice incise (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 2f ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. If ; me- 
soth. lin. 5^ ; metath. lin. 4^ ; abdom. lin. 12 + lin. 3 = 
lin. 15; tegm. lin. 3; alse, lin. 6 ; alar, expans. lin. 13^. 

Hub. In Brasilia. B.M. 

This species approaches Ph. brevipenne, Burm. ; but 
that species is described as possessing ocelli, and as having 
the wings three times as long as the tegmina, the latter 
being mucronated in the middle ; in all which respects it 
differs from the one now under notice. The body is long, 
rather slender and subcylindrical, of an obscure blackish 
colour with a greenish tinge ; the head and thorax covered 
with small granules ; the abdomen rugose. The head is 
rather wider than the prothorax ; the eyes moderately pro- 
minent, without ocelli ; the crown of the head with two 
small spines on each side. The antennae reach to the middle 
of the metathorax ; they are 20-jointed, the joints being 
long. The tegmina are elongate-ovate, rather narrow be- 
hind ; they are of a dark greenish colour, with darker 
veins ; the carina is strongly elevated near the base into a 
rounded lobe. The wings are about twice the length of the 
tegmina, with the costal area ashy green, the base pale 
obscure rosy ; "the posterior area smoky, with pale strigse 
between the transverse veinlets. The abdomen is long, 
with the sixth and seventh segments dilated, and the eighth 
and ninth narrowed, the last being longitudinally cariuated 
above, the carina terminating in a rather deep incision ; 
anal styles short, obtuse, and slightly protruded ; the 
seventh ventral segment is strongly angulated. The legs 
are rather short ; the anterior femora rather dilated and 



rugose ; the basal joint of the tarsi not longer than the 
three following joints. 

Plate XI. Fig. 5. The male, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
teriuiual segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

The unique specimen of the male in the National Col- 
lection has one of the hind legs only partially developed, 
probably the result of an accidental renovation of the limb. 



32. (333.) Phasma Soranus, IF^stw. 
Plate XVII. fig. 3, female. 

Crassum, subc3'lindricum, Iseve, fuscum, obscnruni; an- 
tennis longis, gracillimis, ocellis tribus minutissimis inter 
oculos positis ; pronoto fascia postica nigra ; mesothorace 
prothorace baud dimidio Jongiori, conico ; tegminibus bre- 
vibus ; alis apicem segment! 5" abdominis attingente ; pe- 
dibus longis, simplicibus (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2\ ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 2^ ; me- 
soth. lin. S^ ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 10|--|-lin. 3|^= 
lin. 1-1 ; tegm. lin. 4 ; ala;, lin. 13^ ; alar, expans. unc. 2i. 

Hub. In Colonibiee regione frigida Quindensi (Z>. Goii- 
dot). In Mas. Saunders. 

This is a very curious species, distinguished by its ro- 
bust body, very short mesothorax, and very long simple 
legs and antennae. The head is rounded, convex, entire, 
with three very minute ocelli ; the eyes very prominent. 
Antennae long, slender, and multiarticulate, every fifth or 
sixth joint being separated more distinctly from the follow- 
ing than the others, making, at first sight, the antennae 
appear as if composed of long joints each reducible into 
several subarticulations. The prothorax is subconical ; the 
anterior lateral angles semicircularly truncate ; the hind 
margin with a broad black transverse fascia. The meso- 
thorax is short, broad, subconical, and simple. The teg- 
mina are small, subovate, emarginate on the hinder margin, 
the reticidations pale-coloured ; the central carina but little 
elevated. The wings are very wide ; the costal area dark 
brown, with very numerous transverse parallel luteous 
veinlets ; the main vein furcate near the base, the two divi- 
sions uniting together again near the tip ; the hinder area 
is smoky- coloured, with brunneous longitudinal veins. The 
abdomen is robust, swollen in the middle, and convex ; the 
three terminal segments narrow, the eighth moderately 
elevated ; the operculum boat-shaped, deepest near the 
base ; the anal styles short and porrectcd. All the legs 
are long and simple ; the tarsi long ; the hind ones two- 
thirds of the length of the hind tibiae. 

Plate XVII. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 



128 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Genus 33. NECROSCIA. 

Necroscia, Serville, fl. N. Orth. p. 250. 

Be llaan, Orth. Orient, p. 117. 
Platycrana, pars, G. R. Graij, Syn. Phasm. p. 36. 
Phasma, Sect. II. pars, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. p. 58.5. 

Body long and slender, generally simple, or occasionally 
with the head, prothorax, mesothorax, or tegmina spined, 
and with short quadrate tegmina and fully developed wings 
in both sexes. Head generally unarmed, with or without 
ocelli. AntennEB generally very long, and often annulated. 
Thora.'c elongated, cylindrical. Mesothorax generally about 
thrice the length of the prothorax or shorter (in the species 
destitute of ocelli). Tegmina small, generally subqua- 
drate, and from one-fifth to one-eighth of the length of the 
wings. Wings large ; costal area with the main vein sim- 
ple in both sexes, or bifurcate in the female only of some 
of the species. Legs long and slender, neither spined nor 
dilated ; basal joint of the tarsi very elongate. Abdomen 
elongate, cylindric, subclavate in the males ; anal styles 
very short. 

Inhabit India and the Islands of the Eastern Ocean. 

Restricted as this grou|) is, according to the views of 
Serville and De Haan, to the Oriental species allied to 
Phasma, the species are very numerous. In the following 
arrangement I have not attempted to tabulate the species, 
although I have followed the distribution proposed by De 
Haan, commencing with the species with spines on the 
head, after which are placed some species with spines on the 
thorax, followed by the unarmed species having an elon- 
gated mesothorax. De Haan has distributed the latter 
according to the colours of the wings and legs, which has 
led to artificial results. The genus is terminated by those 
species which have the mesothorax comparatively short. 



1. (334.) Necroscia spiniceps. 

Capite luteo, nigro-punctato, spinis duabus nigris, basi 
distantibus, apice divergentibus ; ocellis nullis ; antennis 
unicoloribus ; alls infumatis, area autica olivacea ; elytris 
brevibus, truncatis, fuscis, apice albo ; mesothorace granu- 
lato ; pedibus flavidis. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2|- ; cap. lin. If ; anten. lin. 16 ; 
proth. lin. 1^; mesoth. lin. 4^ ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. 
lin. 14 + lin. 3 = lin. 1/ ; tegm. lin. If; alar, expans. 
unc. 2f . 

Long. Corp. fcem. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 2f ; anten. lin. 19 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 
16 + lin. 5 = lin. 21 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 4;^. 



Phasma (Necroscia) spiniceps, De Haan, Orthopt. Orient. 

p. 1 19. pi. 15. f. 4 (nee 2), mas. 

Hab. In Borneo ; Sarawak (J/'a^/ace). In Mus. Saun- 
ders. 

De Haan was acquainted only with the male of this spe- 
cies ; but Mr. Wallace has sent home both sexes, although 
very rare. The female is much more robust than the male ; 
it is destitute, like the male, of ocelli, and the wings are 
more tessellated ; the truncation of the tegmina, together 
with their white apical margin, is very peculiar. 

2. (335.) Necroscia acanthocephala. 

Plate XXVII. fig. 4, pupa freminse. 

Capite viridi, conico, bispinoso, spinis nigris, basi cou- 

junctis, apice divergentibus ; ocellis nullis ; antennis nigris, 

annulo apicali albo ; alis infumatis, arcaaritica uti et elytris 

viridibus ; pedibus brunneo-flavis (mas). 

Long. Corp. 2" 1'"; proth. I'"; mesoth. 4'"; alar. 
1" 5'" ; lat. alar. 8'". 
Phasma (Necroscia) acanthocephala, De llaan, Orth. Orient. 

p. lis. 

llah. Pontianak (Borneo). 

The pupa represented in Plate XXVII. fig. 4. appears 
to me to be that of a female of this species. The general 
colour is luteous buff ; the spines of the head black ; the 
autennse black, except at the base, which is luteous, and 
apex, which is pale and greenish ; the rudimental tegmina 
and wings are green. It was sent from Sarawak by Mr. 
Wallace, and is in the collection of W. W. Saunders, Esq. 

Plate XXVII. Fig. 4. The pupa, of the natural size. 4 a. 
The head ami front of the thorax seen sideways. 4 b. The 
extremity of the abdomen seen sideways. 

3. (330.) Necroscia diacanthos. 
Plate XIX. fig. 5, male ; fig. C, female. 

Gracillima, nigricans ; capite maguo, 3-ocellato, postice 
valde elevato, conico, spinis duabus parallelis ; antennis 
longis, albo annulatis ; pro- et mesothorace albo-granulatis ; 
tegmiuibus parvis, fuscis, postice truncatis, margine tenui 
postico pallide viridi ; alis infumatis, area costali in mare pal- 
lide testacea, in foemina obscuriori fusco-nebulosa, hujus 
vena secunda bifurcata (in mare simplici) ; antennis elon- 
gatis, ante apiceni annulo albo notatis ; pedibus longis, 
gracillimis, in foemina brevioribus, tarsis albidis. 

Long. corp. maris, Un. 26 ; cap. lin. \\% proth. lin. 1^ ; 
mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. Sf ; abdom. lin. 13|^-f- lin. 3 
=lin. 165^; tegm. lin. 1^ ; alar, expans. lin. 32. 

Long. Corp. foem. lin. 36; cap. lin. 2; proth. lin. 1 ; 



PHASMID^. NECROSCIA. 



129 



mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 20 + lin. 3 = 
lin. 23 ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. lin. 50. 

Phasma (Necroscia) diacanthos, Be Haan, Orth. Orient. 
p. 119 (pi. 15. f . 4 <? =P. (N.) spiniceps,?, uec P. (N.) 
diacanthos $ ). 

Hab. In Malacca (D. Wallace). In Mus. W. W. Saun- 
ders. — Borneo. In Mus. Lugdunensi. 

This is a very slender and delicate species, well distin- 
guished by its conically elevated head and short truncated 
tegmina, with the hind margin pale green. The head is 
much larger than the prothorax ; the three ocelli distinct. 
The antennae in the male are longer than the entire body, 
blackish, with a white ring near the tip. The antennae and 
legs of the female are shorter than those of the male. The 
pro- andmesothorax are slender, but widened behind; the 
disc covered with minute white granules. The tegmina 
are very short, with a strongly elevated conical tubercle in 
the middle, the hind margin narrowly edged with pale 
green. The wings are dusky ; the costal area in the male 
reddish and unspotted, in the female reddish brown with 
numerous darker clouds ; in the former the principal vein 
is simple and pale-coloured, but it is furcate in the latter. 
The abdomen is very long and slender in the male ; the 
eighth joint longer than the preceding or following, the 
latter being very short ; the three terminal ventral seg- 
ments are considerably dilated, the ninth extending to the 
extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. In the female the 
abdomen is more robust, with the operculum extending to 
about the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. The 
legs of the male are very slender and reddish, the tarsi 
whitish, with the base of the first joint dusky ; the legs of 
the female are shorter and more obscure, but with pale 
tarsi, the basal joint being about half the whole length of 
the tarsi. 

Plate XIX. Fig.. 5. The male, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 6 a. The head and 
prothorax seen sideways. 6 i. The terminal segments of the 
abdomen seen sideways. 

4. (337. J Necroscia Esepus, TT'estw. 
Plate XVI. fig. 5, male. 
Elongata, gracillima ; capitis vertice, prothoracis margine 
postico et mesothorace antice spinis acutis armatis ; teg- 
minibus subovaUbus, in medio' angulato-elevatis, postice 
pallide bimaculatis ; abdomine longissimo ; alls fnscis, area 
costali obscuriori, ad apicem pallide maculatis ; pedibus 
brevioribus, inermibus (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 3-^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 27 ; proth. 



lin. H; mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 5j ; abdom. lin. 20 
+ lin. 3 =lin. 23 ; tegm. lin. 2J ; alar, expans. unc. 3|. 

Hab. In Malacca {D. Wallace). In Mus. AV. W. Saun- 
ders. 

This species is well distinguished by its very long slender 
form, spined head and thorax, and posteriorly maculated 
tegmina and wings. The head and thorax are dull pale 
greenish and finely granulated, the remainder of the body 
brownish and smooth ; the head is armed on the crown with 

! about ten erect spines. The antennae are about two-thirds 
of the entire length of the body ; they are obscurely co- 
loured, with a slight pale annulus near the tip. The pro- 

! thorax is small, with a few small erect spines across the 
hinder margin. The mesothorax is armed in front with 

j two pairs of strong spines (those on the left side being con- 
fluent, except at the tips, in the only specimen which I have 
seen) ; the disc of the remainder of the mesothorax is 

j armed with a few much smaller spines. The tegmina are 
small and subquadrate, with a strongly raised obtuse tu- 

\ bercle in the middle ; the hinder margin with two pale 
spots on the edge. The wings are brown ; the costal area 
darker, with several small pale spots on the fore margin, 
and two or three larger and more distinct near the tips. 
The abdomen is very long and slender, the fifth segment 
with its hinder edge elevated in the middle ; the three ter- 
minal segments rather swollen, the last emarginate at the 
tip ; the two terminal ventral segments are swollen, the 
last not extending beyond the extremity of the eighth 
dorsal segment. The fore legs are wanting in the speci- 
men drawn ; the four posterior are rather short and simple, 
obscurely coloured, with the tips of the femora and tibiae 
darker ; the basal joint of the tarsi is not more than half 
the whole length of the latter. 

Plate XVI. Fig. 5. The male, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
head and front of the thorax seen sideways. 5 b. The ex- 
tremity of the abdomen seen sideways. 

5. (338.) Necroscia Agendas, Westw. 
Plate XXVIII. fig. 2, male. 

Elongata, gracilis, fusco, albido et luteo paulo variegata ; 
capite postice couice elevato, hoc, pro- et mesonotis minute 
granulatis ; alis fuscescentibus, area costali obscuriori ; pe- 
dibus (prKsertim tibiis) perbre\ibus, femoribus posticis 
crassioribus, subtus multidenticulatis (mas). 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 14 ; 
proth. lin. If ; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 
I2-|-lin. 2i = hu. 14| ; tegm. lin. 2^ ; alar, expans. unc. 2|. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo (!>. Wallace). In Mus. W. W. 
Saunders. 



130 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



This obscurely-coloured species is easily distinguished by 
its conical head, short legs, and rather thickened hind 
thighs. The general colour is obscure brown, slightly 
varied with buff and luteous. The head is conically ele- 
vated in the hind part of the disc, the surface being armed 
with acute granulations ; the face is marked with a small 
triangular black spot. The antennae are long and slender, 
multiarticulate, finely setose, the joints very short. The 
pro- and mesothorax are slender and finely granulose. The 
tegmina are small and ovate ; the median carina rather 
strongly angulated between the middle and base ; the chief 
veins are varied with buff and black spots ; they are not 
straight, but slightly undulated throughout their whole 
length. The wings are moderately large, stained blackish 
brown, with the longitudinal veins somewhat darker-co- 
loured ; the costal area is darker brown, the chief vein not 
furcate, blackish, with numerous small luteous dots. The 
abdomen is long, slender, and simple ; the terminal segments, 
especially the eighth, strongly elevated and angulated at 
the summit, the ninth joint obliquely deflexed ; the three 
terminal ventral segments are not swollen beneath, the 
ninth extending beyond the extremity of the ninth dorsal 
segment. The legs are slender and short, resulting chiefly 
from the shortness of the tibis, which are not so long as 
the femora ; the hind femora are rather thickened and den- 
ticulated along their whole length ; the basal joint of the 
tarsi in all the legs is about the length of the three follow- 
ing joints united. 

Plate XXVIII. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. 
The front part of the body seen sideways. '2 b. The ex- 
tremity of the body seen sideways. 

6. (339.) Necroscia Gargantna, TT'estw. 
Plate XXIX. fig. 3, male. 

Elongata, abdoniine valde elongato, lutescens ; abdomine 
magis fusco ; mesothorace pronoto plus duplo longiori, 
utrinque spinis 8 recurvis armato ; tegminibus brevibus; 
apice truncatis ; alarum area antica pallide virescenti, vena 
mediana furcata, area postica pallide fuscescenti, macula 
subapicall pallida ; antennis pedibusque longis, gracilibus, 
femoribus serratis (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 4^ ; cap. lin. 2i ; anten. uuc. 4 ; proth. 
lin. 2| ; mesoth. lin. C; nietath. lin. 9^; abdom. lin. 30 
+ lin. 5=lin. 35 ; tegm. lin. 5 ; alte, lin. 35 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 6. 

Hal). Sarawak, Borneo (D. Wallace). In Mus. W.W. 
Saunders. 

This species is at once distinguished by the great length 
of the abdomen and the comparative shortness of the me- 



sothorax, with its recurved spines. The head is rather 
flat and simple ; the three ocelli are very minute, but 
distinct. The antennae are very long (at least 4 inches) 
and slender. The prothorax is the same size as the head . 
The mesothorax is about 2^ times the length of the pro- 
thorax ; it is rather narrower than the prothorax in front ; 
its disc is rather flat, each side having about eight thin 
acute recurved spines. The metathorax is oblong, wider 
than any other part of the body, its hinder portion rather 
longer than the anterior. The abdomen is long, narrow, 
and simple (twice the length of the entire thorax) ; the 
three terminal segments are widened (they have, however, 
been crushed) ; the seventh and following ventral plates 
extend only to about the middle of the eighth dorsal 
segment. The anal styles are short and obtuse. The teg- 
mina are short, broad, and subtruncate at the extremity. 
The wings are large ; the anterior area pale dull green, the 
median vein furcate ; the posterior area is pale brown, with 
a large, somewhat triangular pale buff spot near the apex. 
The legs are long, slender, and simple ; the femora finely 
serrated ; the tarsi with the basal joint as long as all the 
remainder together. The body beneath is pale and simple, 
except the mesosternum, which has two rows of deflexed 
spines. 

The pupa is smaller (3^ inches long), with the meso- 
thorax similarly spined ; the rudimental tegmina are very 
minute (about one line long), oval, and the rudimental 
wings are subovate, 5^ lines long, touching each other along 
the inner margin in the middle of the back. 

Plate XXIX. Fig. 3. The perfect insect, of the natural size 
(male). 



7. (340.) Necroscia Gadarama, Wesfw. 
Plate XXI. fig. 4, female. 

Elongata, gracilis, obscura, luteo-fusca ; capite, pro- et 
mesonotis tenuissime granulosis, hoc utrinque ante medium 
spinulis tribus nigris armato ; tegminibus oblongo-quadratis ; 
alls longis, subhyalinis, area costali fusca ; pedibus longis, 
simplicibus, oviductu hand inflato (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 20 ; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. IC + 
lin. 4=lin. 20 ; tegm. lin. 3^ ; alar, expans. unc. 3|-. 

Hab. In insula Java (Dr. Horsfield). In Mus. Soc. 
Merc. Ind. Orient., Loud. 

This obscure species is distinguished by the granulose 
surface of the anterior part of the body, and by the ante- 
rior half of the mesonotum being armed with six small black 
spines arranged irregularly in pairs. Tlie head is oblong. 



PHASMID^. NECROSCIA. 



131 



with an oblong impression between the eyes ; the granules 
on the hind part of the head are arranged in longitudinal 
lines. The antennae are long and slender, with the joints 
short, but irregular. The mesothorax is of equal width 
with the head, with a slightly raised longitudinal dorsal 
median line. The tegmiua are small, obloug-quadrate ; the 
median carina slightly indicated, with the ordinary conical 
elevation almost obsolete. The wings are long and rather 
narrow, subhyaline, with the longitudinal veins luteous 
brown ; the costal area greyish brown, the median vein 
simple and paler coloured. The abdomen is long, subeylin- 
dric, with slightly raised longitudinal lines along the lateral 
margins ; the apes gradually attenuated and simple, the 
tip trilobed, the middle lobe rather elongated and rounded ; 
the anal styles short, porrected, and conical. The ovi- 
duct scarcely swollen, extending to about the middle of the 
ninth dorsal segment. Fore legs (wanting in the only spe- 
cimen I have yet seen) ; four hind legs simple, moderately 
long and slender ; tarsi with the basal joint as long as the 
three following united. 

Plate XXI. Fig. 4. The female, of the natiu-al size. 4 a. The 
extremity of the body seen sideways. 

8. (341.) Necroscia atrophica. 

Grisea, fulvo et brunneo varia ; capite inermi, subrugoso, 
supra nigricauti, utrinque linea longitudinali flavescenti ; 
thorace subrugoso, subtus longitudinaliter sulcato ; meso- 
thorace utrinque antice spinis duabus longis acutis, ante- 
riori flavescenti brunneo varia, posteriori fortiori, nigra ; 
tegrainibus mesothorace brevioribus, apice recte truncatis, 
flavo brunneoque variis, carina mediana valde distincta et 
acuta ; alis fere lougitudine abdominis, flavidis hyalinis, 
costa virescenti opaca brunneo maculata ; abdomine rugoso, 
sulcis longitudinalibus [apice spinoso] ; pedibus flavo-viri- 
dibus brunneo annulatis, femoribus dilatatis et ad apiceni 
incrassatis ; antennis fere longitudine corporis, articulo sin- 
gulo fulvo brunneoque annulato (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. S-Sj ; alar, expans. circ. unc. 6. 

Mantis atiophica, Pallas, Spic. ix. t. 1 . f. 1 . 

Fabrichis, Ent. Syst.'n. 14; Ent. Syst. Suppl. p. 188 

(Phasma a.). 
Lichtenstein, Linn. I'rans. vi. 14. 
Olivier, Eiic. Mith. vii. 633. 
Latreille, Gen. Cr. et Ins. iii. 87. 
Lamarck, An. s. Vert. iv. 254 (Spectrum a.). 
G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 23. 
Phasma (Necroscia) atroph., De Haan, Orthopt. Orient. 

pp. 118, 122. 
Phasma niiuans, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 268 (teste Be 
Haan, I. c). 
Hab. In Java. 



9. (342.) Necroscia fusco-annulata. 

Mesothorace elongate ; alis fumatis, vcnis basi carneis, 
area antica olivacea, medio in longitudinem fasciata, fascia 
flavo-rubescente ; capite inermi, cameo postice 3-maculato ; 
ocellis minimis ; antennis nigris, annulis distantibus albis ; 
pedibus fuscis, annulis flavis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. Ia ; anten. unc. 2\ ; 
proth. lin. \\; mesoth. lin. 4f ; metath. lin. 4f ; abdom. Un. 
14-t-lin. 3 = lin.l7; tegm. lin. 2; alar, expans. unc. 2, lin. 7. 

Phasma (Necroscia) fusco-annulatum, Be Haan, Orth. 
Orient, p. 119. 

Hab. In Borneo. In Mus Lugdunensi. 

The dimensions and characters given above, supplemental 
to those of De Haan, are derived from an examination and 
drawing made by myself of the type-specimen of the insect 
in the Levden Museum. 



10. (343.) Necroscia nigro-annulata. 

Mesothorace elongato ; alis fumatis, area antica fusco- 
olivacea, fasciis quatuor transversis irregularibus maculatis 
viridibus ; capite parvo, inermi ; ocellis nullis ; antennis 
nigris, annulis 4 seque distantibus albis ; pedibus elongatis, 
nigro-fuscis, annulis viridibus (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. If ; cap. lin. 1 ; anten. unc. If ; proth. 
lin. 11; mesoth. lin. 4-1- ; metath. lin. 5; abdom. lin. IQi 
H-hn. 2 = lin. 12^; tegm. lin. \\; alar, expans. unc. 2^. 

Phasma (Necroscia) uigro-annulatum. Be Haan, Orthopt. 
Orient, p. 119. 

Hab. In Borneo. In Mus. Lugdunensi. 

This is a slender species, of which only the male is pre- 
served in the Leyden Museum, where I have examined and 
drawn it. 

11. (344.) Necroscia fumata. 

Capite et prothorace viridi-griseis nigro-lineatis ; oceUis 
tribus distinctis ; mesothorace prothorace triplo longiori, 
viridi ; tegminibus linearum 3 lougitudine, viridi-griseis 
nigro-lineatis, costa media elevata nigra; alis hyalinis at 
infumatis, costa opaca viridi-grisea nigro-lineata ; abdomine 
virescenti, capite et thorace duplo longiori ; femoribus, ti- 
biis tarsisque brunneo viridique alternatim fasciatis (foem.). 

Mas minor et gracilior ; tegminibus brevioribus ; femo- 
ribus anticis ad basin vix emarginafis. 

Long. Corp. circ. unc. 3. 

Necroscia fumata, Sei-ville, H. N. Orth. ]>. 251. 
Be Haan, Orth. Orient, pp. 118, 119. 
Hab. In Java. 



123 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



12. (345.) Necroscia sordida. 

Mesothovace elongato ; alls funiatis, area antica fusco- 
olivacea, maculis irregularibiis subviiidibus ; capite inermi ; 
ocellis nullis ; antennis fuscis ; pedibus fuscis griseo-varie- 
gatis, brevioribus ; abdominis apice acuminato (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 1^ ; anten. unc. If ; 
proth.lin.il; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom.lin. 
12 + lin. 4=Iin. 16 ; tegm. lin.l ; alar, espans. unc. 2f. 

Phasma (Necroscia) sordidum, Be Haan, Orthoitt. Orient. 
p. 120. 
Hah. In Sumatra. In Mus. Lugdunensi. 

The uni(|ue typical specimen preserved in the Leyden 
Museum is a female, which I have examined and drawn. 

13. (34G). Necroscia Sainsoo, U'estto. 

Plate X. fig. 6, female. 

Elongata, inermis ; mesothorace gracillimo, granuloso ; 
capite supra subplano, fossula parva utrinque pone oculos ; 
tota obscure lutea hand nitida (forsan viridis insecto vi- 
venti) ; tegminibus parvis, ovalibus ; alls mediocribus, costa 
obscuriori ; pedibus gracilibus, inermibus (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. If ; mesoth. 
lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. hn. l() + lin. 4 = lin. 20 ; 
tegm. lin. 3 ; alae, lin. 2Q\ ; alar, expans. unc. 34- 

Hab. In China. B.M. 

The unique specimen of this species in the National Col- 
lection is a female, which had been preserved iu spirits, so 
that its colour, now a uniform dull luteous buff, was pro- 
bably green when alive. It is elongated, with a very slender 
mesothorax. The head is oval, rather flattened above, with 
a small impression on each side behind the eyes. The 
antennae are slender (broken off about half an inch from 
the base). The prothorax small. The mesothorax slender, 
cylindrical, granulated. The tegmina small, oval, with a 
moderately strongly angulated carina. The wings of mo- 
derate size ; the costal area darker than the hinder area, 
which is almost colourless. The abdomen is long, and con- 
siderably broader than the mesothorax, with the middle 
joints broadest. The operculum is as long as the three 
terminal dorsal segments, and the two anal styles are slightly 
porrected. The legs are moderately long, slender, and 
destitute of spines. 

Plate X. Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 6a. The 
terminal segments seen laterally. 

14. (347.) Necroscia Esacus, Westw. 
Plate XVI. fig. 4, female. 

Elongata, gracilis, inermis; mesonoto elongato vix granu- 



late ; albido-fusca ; antennis elongatis, obscuris albido-annu- 
latis ; tegminibus brevibus, in medio angulatis ; alls sub- 
hvalinis, area costali fusco-rufescenti, fusco subnebulosa, 
punctisque distinctioribus prope basin notatis, vena 2'''' fur- 
cata ; pedibus proesertim anticis brevibus, femoribus anticis 
latioribus, omnibus fusco-albidis fusco variegatis (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2f ; cap. lin. 1^ ; anten. unc. If ; 
proth. lin. \\ ; mesoth. lin. 6i ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. 
lin. 15 + lin. 3i = Hn. 18^ ; tegm. lin. \\ ; alar, expans. 
unc. 3. 

Hab. Apud Singapore (D. Wallace). In Mus. W. W. 
Saunders. 

The female of this species (the male not having yet been 
received) is distinguished by its elongated mesothorax and 
abdomen and its short legs, the anterior femora being di- 
lated along the lateral margins. It is slender, destitute of 
spines, the mesonotum alone being finely tuberculated. 
The head is rather wider than the prothorax, subconvex, 
pale at the sides, with a slender curved dark line extending 
backwards from the eyes. The antennse are of moderate 
length, very slender, obscure brown, with numerous pale 
rings ; basal joints pale. The mesothorax is about three 
times the length of the prothorax. The tegmina are short, 
subovate, glaucous, reticulated with the dark veins. The 
wings are subhyaline, being only very slightly stained with 
brown ; the costal area is darker, redder brown, with small 
darker clouds, and with dark spots along the mid-vein, 
which is furcate. The legs are short, setose, simple, dirty 
buff, with darker rings and marks ; the anterior femora 
dilated along the edges. The abdomen is very long and 
slender ; the eighth and ninth segments short. The oper- 
culum is rather small, reaching to the middle of the ninth 
dorsal segment ; the anal styles short and very broad. 

Plate XVI. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
three terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

A variety of this species, from Ceylon, is in the collec- 
tion of R. Templeton, Esq., in which the wings are less 
iridescent, and the two branches of the median vein of the 
costal area are not united at the tip of the wings. 



15. (348.) Necroscia Passahis, Westw. 
Plate IX. fig. 8, male. 

Elongata, subgracilis, opaca ; capite utrinque spinulis 
duabus ad marginem internum oculorum tuberculoque spi- 
noso in parte postica verticis ; mesothorace subbrevi, parum 
rugoso ; tegminibus subquadratis, carina valde elevata cris- 
tata, antice rotundata; alis pallidis,area costali obscure nebu- 
losa ; pedibus subbrevibus, femoribus quatuor posticis prope 



PHASMIDiE. NECROSCIA. 



133 



apicem spinulosis, segmento ultimo abdominis aplce emar- 
ginato (mas). 

Loug. corp. unc. 2, lin. 1 ; cap. lin. 1§ ; proth. lin. If; 
mesoth. lin. 4; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 11+lin. 3 = 
lin. 14; tegm. lin. 2; alar, expans. uiie. 3, lin. 1. 

Hub. In Ceylon. B.M. 

This species, of which I have only seen a single sjieci- 
men of the male, approaches N. ^Esalns, of which it might 
at first be supposed to be the opposite sex ; the armature of 
the head and legs seems, however, sufficiently to disprove 
this relationship. The head is nearly ovate ; the eyes mode- 
rately prominent ; the ocelli wanting ; the inner margin of 
each eye is armed with two small spines, and the hind part 
of the crown of the head is raised into a rugose tubercle 
armed in front with minute spines. The mesothorax is 
rather short and subrugose. The tegmina are nearly square, 
with the costa elevated into a strong crest, rounded in front. 
The wings are large and pale, with the costal area darker 
and clouded. The abdomen is elongated, as wide as the 
mesothorax ; the fourth, fifth and sixth segments a little 
dilated at a short distance from the base of each ; the seventh 
and eighth short, and rather wider than the preceding ; the 
ninth subquadrate, rather constricted in the middle on each 
side, with the apical angles rounded off, and the hind 
margin emarginate in the middle. The anal styles are 
short, obtuse, and not exposed ; the three terminal ventral 
segments are short, only extending to the base of the ninth 
dorsal segment ; they are moderately swollen, the eighth 
being very short and transverse. The legs are rather short 
and robust ; the four posterior femora with two or three mi- 
nute spines on the under side near the tips ; the basal joint 
of the tarsi is not longer than the three following joints. 

Plate IX. Fig. 8. The male, of the natural size. 8 a. The 
head seen sideways. 8 b. The three terminal segments seen 
from beneath. 8 e. The same seen sideways. 

IG. (34!).) Necroscia JEsalus, TT'ei/it). 
Plate X. fig. 7, female. 

Crassior ; capite, pro- et mesothorace spinalis asperis ; 
tegminibus quadratis, carina oblonga valde elevata ; fusca, 
capite antennisque luteis, harum articulis intermediis apice 
nigris ; tegminibus Inteo-albidis nigro variis ; alls pallide 
roseo-fuscis, area costali nigricante, postice luteseente, basi 
albida macula nigra (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2, lin. 7 ; cap. hn. 1| ; proth. lin. 1 J ; 
mesoth. lin. 5| ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 13| -|- hn. 2 
= lin. \a\ ; tegm. lin. 3 ; al», lin. 21 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 3f . 

Hab. In Ceylon. B.M. 



This species is shorter and more robust, especially in 
the mesothorax, with shorter legs than many of the allied 
species. The head is short, with the eyes prominent ; it 
is destitute of ocelli, and is of a luteous colour ; the crown 
is rugose and armed with minute spines, as is also the pro- 
thorax. The antennae extend to the middle of the meta- 
thorax ; they are luteous, with the tips of the alternate 
joints black. The mesothorax is robust and rugose, being 
covered with numerous spinulose granules. The tegmina 
are subquadrate, with the carina strongly elevated into an 
oblong lobe ; they are luteous buff, with the base, outer 
margin, and tips blackish. The wings are pale, and slightly 
tinged with rosy brown ; the costal area is blackish in front, 
luteous behind, the base pale luteous with a black patch. 
The abdomen is more slender thau the metathorax, gra- 
dually thickened to the fifth and sixth segments ; the three 
terminal short and attenuated, the eighth being very short ; 
the anal styles are short and obtuse, and the operculum is 
not quite the length of the abdomen. The fore legs are 
wanting in the unique female in the National Collection ; 
the four posterior are short and simple, with the tips of 
the tibiae black ; the basal joint of the tarsi is not longer 
than the three following joints. 

Plate X. Fig. 7- The female, of the natural size. 7 «■ The 
head and prothorax seen laterally. 7 b. The three termi- 
nal segments of the body seen laterally. 

17. (350.) Necroscia Salmanazar, Tf'estw. 
Plate XVI. fig. (i, female. 

Elougata, gracilis, Isevis, mesothorace granuloso ; fusca, 
pro- et mesothorace luteis ; pedibus luteo-albidis ; alarum 
area costali fulvo-albida, striolis numerosis nigris transversis 
notata; abdomine obscure fusco, stylis analibus nigris. 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; me- 
soth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 6| ; abdom. lin. 18 + lin. 4 = 
lin. 22 ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alee, lin. 25 ; alar, expans. unc. 4y. 

Hab. Pliilippine Islands. B.M. 

I have only seen a single female specimen of this spe- 
cies in the National Collection. It is long and narrow, 
smooth, except the mesothorax, which has a row of gra- 
nules arranged on each side of the slender, slightly raised 
median line ; it is brown, with the pro- and mesonotum 
tinged with luteous, the legs luteous buff, and the abdo- 
men dark brown, with the anal styles black. The head is 
of moderate size, destitute of ocelli, with the hind portion 
raised into two small tubercles. The mesothorax is of 
moderate length, not longer than the metathorax. The teg- 
mina are small and subquadrate, with the carina moderately 
elevated near the base. The wings are large, very pale 



134 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



brown, the costal portion fulvous buff, with a longitudinal 
series of short dark transverse strigse between the veinlets. 
The abdomen is the tliickest part of the body, subconvex ; 
the terminal segments short, the last emarginate at the tip, 
exposing a short semicircular flattened lobe in the middle, 
and the two rather elongated black anal styles. The oper- 
culum is moderate-sized, extending to about half the length 
of the ninth dorsal segment ; its extremity is notched, and 
it is followed by two broad flattened plates. The legs are 
moderately long, slender, and simple. 

Plate XVI. Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 6a. The 
extremity of the abdomen seen from beneath. 6 6. The 
same seen laterally. 

18. (351.) Necroscia Pirithous, IJ'estw. 

Elongata, gracilis, cyUndrica, abdomine crassiori, fulvo- 
lutescens ; capite oblongo, 3-ocellato ; antennis fere longi- 
tudine capitis ; mesothoracis dorso granulato ; tegminibus 
ovahbus, apice oblique truncatis ; alarum area costali con- 
colori, vena mediana simphci ; pedibus prtesertim anticis 
longis ; abdominis segmentis tribus apicalibus brevibus, ul- 
timo apice emarginato, segmento G'° ventrali ad apicem 
bicornuto, operculo apice bifido (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. fcem. unc. 2f ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 2\ ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 1 7 
-hlin. 3=hn. 20 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 3, Un. 7. 

Hab. In insula Java {Br. Horsfield). In Mus. Soc. 
Merc. Ind. Orient., Lond. 

The onlj' female specimen which I have seen of this spe- 
cies verv eloselj' resembles Necroscia Salmanacar (PI. XVI. 
fig. 6) in its general form and proportions, but differs in its 
uniform fulvo-luteous colour, in the possession of three 
distinct, although small, ocelli, in the more strongly granu- 
lose mesonotum, in the uniform colour of the costal area of 
the fore wings, and in the two small horns with which the 
sixth ventral segment is armed at its extremity. The head 
is rather longer than wide, with a slight circular impression 
between the eyes, within which the ocelli are placed ; the 
hind part of the head is slightly raised, and divided by a 
longitudinal impressed line down the middle. The antennae 
are very long and slender, with very numerous joints 
scarcely discernible. The mesonotum is covered above 
with minute granides, without any raised longitudinal carina. 
The tegmina are small, oval, obliquely truncate at the ex- 
tremity. The wings are large, somewhat hyaline, and co- 
lourless ; the costal area pale fulvo-luteous ; the median 
vein concolorous with the body, simple, and rather darker 
than the remainder. The abdomen is wider than the thorax, 
nearly parallel ; the last three dorsal segments short ; the 



terminal one emarginate, exposing a minute rounded lobe 
at its apex ; the anal styles are of moderate size, concolo- 
rous, porrected, and resembling a small open forceps ; the 
sixth ventral segment has a small deflexed spine on each 
side at its extremity ; the operculum is nearly straight and 
compressed, its apex acutely bifid. 

I have not thought it necessary to give a figure of this 
insect, as it bears so great a general resemblance in its form 
and proportions to Necroscia Salmanazar. 



19. (352.) Necroscia Amana, TTesfw. 
Pl.^te XXXIX. fig. 4, female. 

Elongata, subparallela, luteo-fusca opaca ; capite tuber- 
culis tribus minutis ocelliformibus ; antennis longis, ultra 
medium fusco-annulatis ; pro- et mesonotis granulatis ; 
tegminibus oblongis, apice oblique truncatis, carina me- 
diana nigra, prope medium angulato-elevata, angulo intus 
lutescente ; alls magnis, pallide roseis, costa obscure lutes- 
cente nigrescent i-uebulosis, vena mediana simplici ; pedibus 
brevibus, simplicibus, luteo-fuscis, obscurius submaculatis ; 
operculo ultra apicem abdominis protenso (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 3 ; proth. 
lin. 2 ; mesoth. Un. 6^ ; metath. lin. fii ; abdom. lin. 22 
+ lin. 4 = lin. 26 ; tegm. lin. 3^ ; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Hab. Insula Am, prope Nov. Guin. (D. Wallace). In 
Mus. W. W. Saunders. 

This species, of which I have only seen a female, is long 
and slender, of a dull luteous-brown colour. The head is 
oblong, with three small tubercles representing the ocelli in 
front ; the hind part with a central impressed line, having a 
raised tubercle on each side. The antennae are long and 
very slender, pale brown, with several blackish rings to- 
wards the extremity. The pro- and mesothorax are granu- 
lated, the latter but slightly widened behind. The tegmina 
are oblong, and truncated obliquely at their extremities ; 
they are dirty buff-brown, with the central carina blackish 
and elevated in the middle into a small conical protuberance, 
within which is a minute oval patch coloured pale buff. 
The vrings are large and pale rosy, with the tips somewhat 
dusky ; the longitudinal veins are darker rosy, especially 
towards the base ; the costal area is dirty luteous with 
blackish clouds, and with the central vein simple and darker 
coloured. The legs are slender and short, fulvous brown, 
slightly mottled with darker brown, especially on the middle 
tibiae. The abdomen is long and slender ; the three ter- 
minal joints short ; the last truncate at the tip, with the two 
anal styles straight and porrected, as long as the joint to 
which they are attached. The operculum extends beyond 



PHASMIDiE. NECROSCIA. 



135 



the abdomen to the extremity of the anal styles, and is 
emarginate at its extremity. 

Plate XXXIX. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

20. (353.) Necroscia Osmylus, Westw. 
Plate XXXVII. iig. 4, male. 

Gracillima, valde elongata, fusca obscura ; capite lutes- 
cente, linea occipitali nigra ; antennis pedibusque tenuissi- 
mis, virescenti-luteis ; tegminibus minutis, subovalibus, 
carina conica media ; alis hyalinis, costa antice viridi, pos- 
tice fusco-nebulosa ; pedibus setosis, articulo basali tarso- 
rum apice nigricante (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. \^ ; cap. lin. \^ ; anten. lin. 18 ; proth. 
lin. 1^; mesoth. lin. SJ ; metath. lin. 2\ ; abdom. lin. 11 
+ lin. 2 = lin. 13 ; tegm. lin. 1 ; alar, expans. unc. l^. 

Hab. Sarawak (Z>. Wallace). In Mas. W. W. Saunders. 

This species is distinguished by its very delicate shape, 
pale greenish legs and antennse, and dark stripe down the 
middle of the crown of the head, which is oblong, with 
prominent eyes. The antennae are very slender and finely 
setose, and towards the tip they are annulated with brown 
at the extremity of the long joints. The mesothorax is finely 
granulose, sUghtly widened behind, and with two small 
black dots near the middle. The tegmina are very small 
and oval, dirty buff along the middle, with the centre of 
the carina elevated into a conical protuberance ; the inner 
and outer portions are reticulated with brown. The wings 
are hyaline and transparent, with the longitudinal veins 
slightly coloured ; the costal area is green along its fore 
margin ; the base, as well as hinder part, is clouded with 
small reddish-brown shades on a pale ground. The legs 
are very slender, short, and simple. The abdomen is very 
long, slender, and brown ; the three terminal ventral seg- 
ments are short, not extending beyond the extremity of 
the eighth dorsal segment ; the terminal dorsal segment 
is deflexed at its extremity and bifid, the slit being armed 
with several minute teeth. 

Plate XXXVII. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 4 a. 
The extremity of the bod)- seen sideways. 

21. (354.) Necroscia Capito, Westw. 
Plate XXXII. fig. 4, male. 

Elongata, cylindrica, Isevis, inermis, olivaceo-viridis ; ca- 
pite sanguineo ; antennis, tibiis tarsisque fuscis ; abdomine 
fusco ; alis fuscis, area costali viridi, fusco-tessellato(mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2f ; cap. lin. 2\ \ anten. lin. 12 ; proth. 



lin. H ; mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 15^-1- 
lin. 3i = lin. 19 ; tegm. lin. 3i ; alar, expans. lin. 32. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo (jD. Wallace). In Mus. W. W. 
Saunders. 

This species is distinguished by its smooth, cylindrical, 
glossy body and peculiar colouring. The head is oblong 
and cylindrical, smooth, and destitute of spines ; the eyes 
of moderate size. The antennse are rather short, black, and 
slender, about 22-jointed, the joints of equal thickness to 
the tips. The pro- and mesothorax are slender and unarmed, 
the latter long ; they are of a green colour, as well as the 
tegmina, which are elongate-oval, with the central carina 
but slightly elevated. The wings are of moderate size, 
pale brown ; the costal area green, with the hinder portion 
tessellated with small brown spots within the numerous 
areolets ; the median vein is furcate near the base. The 
abdomen is long, slender, and brown-coloured, with the 
articulations paler ; the three terminal segments are rather 
dilated ; the three terminal ventral segments not extending 
beyond the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. The 
legs are long, slender, and simple, except that each femur 
is armed beneath near the tip with two minute spines ; they 
are dark green, with the tibiae and tarsi greenish black. 

Plate XXXII. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 4 o. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

22. (355.) Necroscia Palinurus, Westw. 
Plate XI. fig. 6, female. 

Elongata ; capite magno, subconvexo ; abdomine in medio 
latiori; mesothorace granulato ; tegminibus parvis, oblongo- 
ovalibus ; alis mediocribus, medium abdominis vix attin- 
gentibus, area costali obscure albido-fulva, area postica pal- 
lide albida ; pedibus praesertim anticis longis, femoribus 
omnibus subtus ante apicem 1- vel 2-denticulatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3f ; cap. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 2\ ; me- 
soth. lin. 9; metath. lin. 4; abdom. lin. 17 -t- lin. 6 = 
lin. 23 ; tegm. lin. 5 ; alae, lin. 13 ; alar, expans. unc. 2^. 

Hab. In insulis PhiHppineusibus. B.M. 

Female. Obscure fulvous-coloured; the abdomen brown 
at the extremity ; the head with a dark streak on each side 
behind the eyes ; the costal area of the wings dark fulvous 
buff, and the posterior area very pale buff. Head large, 
oval, subdepressed ; ocelli wanting ; hind part with several 
longitudinal impressions. Mesothorax elongate, narrow, 
slightly dilated behind, finely granulose above. Abdomen 
elongate, gradually widened from the base to the fourth 
segment, thence narrowed to the extremity, smooth, the 
sides finely margined ; seventh segment short, eighth con- 



136 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



siderably longer than the preceding, ninth small, rounded 
behind. Operculum moderate-sized, extending nearly to 
the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment, accompanied 
by two strong horny appendages attached to the under 
side of the eighth segment, furcate at their tips, extending 
nearly to the apex of the abdomen ; anal styles long, 
slender, curved, and setose. Tegmina small, narrowly oval. 
Wings rather small, scarcely extending to the middle of 
the length of the abdomen. Fore legs very long, slender, 
and unarmed, except a small spine on the under side near 
the tip ; middle and hind femora with two small spines 
near the tip beneath ; all the tibise simple and slender ; 
tarsi of the fore legs long, of the four hind ones mode- 
rately long. 

Plate XI. Fig G. The female, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen laterally. 6 b. 
The extremity of the abdomen seen from beneath. 

23. (356.) Necroscia Styxius, Westw. 
Plate IX. fig. 3, male. 

Elongata, subcyliudrica ; capite magno, ovali, uigro, ma- 
cula fulva antica, lineis tribus impressis in parte postica ; 
mesothorace antice subgranulato, lateribus vitta pallida 
longitudinali notatis ; tegminibus ovalibus, parvis ; alis 
mediocribus, fusco-tiuctis, areaque costali obscuiiori ; pedi- 
bus fuscis, femoribus pallide subannulatis, omnibus subtus 
prope apicem spiuulis nonnullis armatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. uric. 2^; cap. lin. 2i ; proth. lin. li ; me- 
soth. lin. 5^; metath. lin. 4J ; abdom. lin. 12^-)- lin. 3 = 
lin. 15^; tegm. lin. 3; alee, lin. 14 ; alar, expans. unc. 2^. 

Hah. In insulis Philippinensibus. B.M. 

Male. Loug, slender, cylindrical ; metathorax widest. 
Head large, oval, black, with a fulvous patch in front aud 
between the eyes ; hind part of the crown with three 
longitudinal slightly impressed lines. Antennae with the 
two basal joints fulvous, the remainder black (length — ?, 
the extremity being broken off half an inch from the base). 
Prothorax and mesothorax blackish brown above, each with 
a pale lateral streak ; the latter with the anterior part finely 
granulose. Abdomen loug and slender, pale brown ; three 
terminal joints dilated, the last notched at its tip and finely 
denticulated beneath ; anal styles long, slender, and setose ; 
three terminal segments beneath somewhat swollen ; the 
eighth constricted at its apex, furnished beneath with a 
curved horny hook acute at the tip. Tegmina small, oval, 
dark brown; central carina moderately elevated. Wings mo- 
derately large, stained brown ; the costal area darker brown, 
with dark longitudinal veins. The legs long and slender, 
lirown ; the femora with indistinct paler annulations ; all 



the femora finely denticulated on the under side near the 
tips ; tibise slender, simple ; tarsi with the basal joint long. 
Head beneath and fore part of the under side of the 
thorax and coxae black. 

Plate IX. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 3 b. The 
terminal segments seen froui beneath. 



24. (357.) Necroscia Lampethusa, Westw. 
Plate XXXIV. fig. 2, female. 

Elongata, gracilis, fere parallela, fusca ; mesothorace 
valde elongate, granuloso ; alis mediocribus, fere ad medium 
segmenti 4" abdominis attingentibus, subhyalinis, costa 
fusca, vena mediana simplici ; pedibus gracilibus, femo- 
ribus 4 posticis subtus ante apicem tuberculo iustructis 
(foem.). 

Long. corj). unc. 3f ; cap. lin. 2 ; anteu. unc. 2\ ; 
proth. lin. 2\ ; mesoth. lin. 11 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. 
lin. 22 -)- lin. 5 = lin. 27 ; tegm. lin. 3^ ; alar, expans. 
lin. 34. 

Eah. Sarawak, Borneo (D. Wallace). In Mus. W. W. 
Saunders. 

I have only seen a single female of this species, which is 
closely allied to Ph. brachypterum of De Haan (pi. 13. f. 2), 
from which, however, it differs in being more slender and 
smaller, the legs thinner and more elongated, and the wings 
considerably longer, reaching nearly to the middle of the 
fourth abdominal segment. The general colour is an ob- 
scure rusty brown. The pro- and mesothorax granulose. 
The head oblong. The antennae long and very slender, 
with the two basal joints dilated and flattened. The me- 
sothorax is rather more than four times the length of the 
prothorax ; it is very slightly, but gradually, widened from 
the front to the base of the tegmina, which are oval, with 
the median carina scarcely elevated. The wings are opake 
whitish, with fine brown veins ; the costal area brown, 
slightly clouded with darker shades. The abdomen is 
simple ; the terminal segments slightly dilated ; the apical 
one truncate and slightly emarginate. The operculum is 
simple, boat-sha])ed, pointed at the tip, and not extending 
to the middle of the ninth ventral segment. 

Plate XXXIV. Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 2 o. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



25. (358.) Necroscia Lysippus, Westw. 
Plate XXXIX. fig. 3, female. 

Elongata, cylindrica, gracilis ; mesonoto granulato ; teg- 
minibus parvis, ovalibus ; alis pallide fuscis, area costali 



PHASMID/E. NECROSCIA. 



137 



obscuriori, ad basin carnea, vena mediana louge e basi f'ur- 
cata ; pedibus brevibus, simplicibus. 

Long. Corp. unc. 4^^ ; cap. lin. 2^ ; anten. lin. 18 ; proth. 
lin. 2^; mesoth. lin. 9i ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. liu. 26 + 
lin. 4 = lin. 30 ; tegin. lin. 3f ; alar, expaus. unc. 4^. 

Hub. Borneo (Z>. TTalhtce). In Mus. W. W. Saunders. 

This plain-looking species is nearly allied to N. Sipyhis, 
but has the mesothorax longer, the median vein of the costal 
area of the wings furcate, the base of this part sanguineous, 
the legs and antennae much shorter, the abdomen longer, 
with the anal styles shorter. The beau is rather longer 
than wide, moderately convex ; the hind part divided by 
several slight longitudinal impressions. The antennse very 
slender, about 25-jointed, each joint (beyond the tenth) 
formed of about fiye or six minute articulations, the last 
being rather thicker than the rest and darker coloured. 
The pro- and mesothorax are finely granulated ; the latter 
is considerably elongated. The tegmina are small and 
ovate ; the central carina moderately elevated before the 
middle. The wings are large, smoky-coloured, with darker 
veins; the costal area darker, obscure brown, slightly cloud- 
ed, with the base dark flesh-coloured, the main vein furcate 
at a considerable distance from the base. The abdomen is 
long and cylindrical ; the terminal segments short and 
conical ; the anal styles short, obtuse, and porrected ; the 
oviduct small, and extending to about half the length of 
the ninth dorsal segment. 

Plate XXXIX. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size, ■i a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

26. (359.) Necroscia Lampetia, IVestw. 
Plate XX.WIIl. fig. 5, male. 

Elongata, cylindrica, fusca ; capite brevi, triocellato ; 
antennis longissimis, fuscis ; mesothorace inermi ; tegmi- 
nibus brevioribus, apice oblique truncatis, niargine tenui 
externo lutescenti ; alis fuscis, in medio albo undatis, prope 
apicem nubila transversa subalbida, area costali fusca, vena 
mediana furcata ; pedibus gracilibus ; tibiis quatuor posticis 
nigris luteo bifasciatis, tarsis albidis ; abdominis apice de- 
flexo et bifurcate, segmento 8™ prsecedenti fere duplo lon- 
giori. 

Long. Corp. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. \\; anten. unc. 3| ; proth. 
lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. b ; metath. lin. 5j ; abdom. lin. 22 -|- 
lin. 4=hn. 20 ; tegm. Ihi. 2; alar, expans. fere unc. 4. 

Hah. Sarawak, Borneo (D. Wallace). InMus.W. W. 
Saunders. 

This species is closely allied to N. Phatusa, but is well 
distinguished by its short 3-ocellated head, its uuicolorous 



antenufe, the proportions of its prothorax and unarmed me- 
sothorax, shorter tegmina, reticulated wings, with the me- 
dian vein of the costal area furcate, differently constructed 
terminal segments of the abdomen, and fasciated legs. The 
head is flattened above, with the three small ocelli distinct ; 
the eyes very prominent. The antennae very long and 
slender, uniformly brown. The jirothorax is of the usual 
length. The mesothorax slender and simple, widened be- 
hind. The tegmina short, subquadrate, obliquely trun- 
cate, with the median carina formed into a strong conical 
elevation in the middle. The wings are long and narrow, 
pale brown, the middle marked with numerous hyaline 
waves ; near the tip is a rather indistinct transverse paler 
cloud ; the costal area itself is but slightly darker than the 
rest of the wing, and unspotted ; its median vein is furcate 
before the middle of its length, the two branches uniting 
together before the tip, and the united vein again joining 
the next vein still nearer to the tip of the wings. The ab- 
domen is long and slender ; the last joint alone pale fulvous 
buff; this joint is truncate at its extremity, the sides being 
strongly deflexed, the deflexed angles armed within with 
short teeth ; the eighth dorsal segment is nearly twice 
as long as the seventh ; the three terminal ventral seg- 
ments are very short, scarcely reaching beyond the base 
of the eighth dorsal segment. The legs are long and 
slender, with the tarsi luteous ; the fore legs are dark 
brown, the four hind ones black at the tips of the femora ; 
the tihite are also black, with two or three broad luteous 



Plate XXXVIIl. Fig. 5. The male, of the natural size. 5 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen sidewajs. 5 b. 
The last joint seen from behind. 



27. (360.) Necroscia Phaetusa, Westw. 
Plate XXXVIIl. fig. 4, male. 

Gracillinia, cylindrica, fusca luteo varia ; capite majori, 
subdepresso, inter oculos fusco punctis duobus luteis, pos- 
tice nigro lineato ; prothorace longiori ; mesothorace tenui, 
carina kevi mediana, lateribus spinis circ. 10 parvis armatis, 
fusco, macuHs tribus anticis plagaque majori submedia 
luteis ; abdomine longissimo, apice luteo ; tegminibus ob- 
longis, margine externo albido ; alis fuscis, macula apicali 
albida, area costali fusca, margine antico lutescenti, vena 
mediana simpliei, abdominis apice furcato (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3^^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 28 ; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. .") ; metath. lin. 5^ ; abdom. lin. 26-1- 
lin. 4 = hn. 30 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. fere unc. 4. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo (Z>. Wallace). In Mus. W. W. 
Saunders. 



138 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



The male of this species is very much elongated, sub- 
cylindric, and of a dull brown colour varied with luteous 
markings. The head is as wide as the nietathorax, rather 
flat above, with the eyes very prominent ; between the eyes 
is a dark patch, within which are two small luteous dots 
resembling ocelli ; the hind part is marked with several 
dark lines. The antennse are long and slender, luteous at 
the base, with the joints darker at the tips ; beyond the 
middle they are slightly marked with broad paler annuli. 
The prothorax is long and narrow, being about half the 
length of the mesothorax ; it is obscurely coloured with 
three dark hues down the middle and sides. The meso- 
thorax is narrow, slightly dilated behind ; it is brown, with 
three small luteous spots arranged in a triangle near the 
fore margin, and behind these is a central larger luteous 
spot ; the hind part is more obscurely coloured : each side is 
armed with about ten small spines. The tegmina are ob- 
long, truncated behind, with the carina elevated into a small 
cone in the middle ; they are brown, with the outer margin 
luteous. The wings are uniformly smoky brown, with a 
large triangular patch close to the tips luteous ; the veins 
are but slightly coloured ; the costal area is somewhat 
darker brown, with the fore margin dirty pale buff ; the 
veins are marked with darker dots ; the median veiu simple, 
united near its ajiex with the following vein. The abdo- 
men is long, very slender, cylindrical, and dark brown ; the 
terminal segments fulvous ; these are dilated ; the last fur- 
cate at its extremity, the furcation armed beneath with small 
spines ; the anal styles are deflexed, thick, and obtuse at 
the tips ; the three terminal ventral segments are very 
short, not extending beyond the middle of the eighth dorsal 
segment, and considerably swollen ; the middle legs (the 
only ones left in the unique specimen which I have seen) 
are very slender and simple, varied with luteous and brown 
shades. 

Plate XXXVIII. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 4 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 4 b. The 
same seen from beneath. 

28. (361.) Necroscia Carterus, Westw. 
Plate XV. fig. .5, female. 

Gracilis, inermis, luteo-albida, virescenti tincta ; capite 
cum pro- et mesothorace linea tenui longitudinali mediana 
obscura ; abdomine fuscescenti, stylis analibus longissimis, 
rectis, acutis; tegminibus parvis, oblongis, apice subtrun- 
catis, carina parum elevata ; alls fere hyalinis, area costali 
luteo-albida ; antennis ad medium abdominis attingen- 
tibus. 

Long. Corp. unc. 3|^ ; cap. fere lin. 2 ; proth. fere lin. 2 ; 



mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 22^ -|- lin. .ii 
= hn. 28. 

Hab. In Nova Hollandia. B.M. 

The only specimen which I had, at first, seen of this spe- 
cies is a very imperfect one in the National Collection. It 
is long and slender, subdepressed, with the middle segments 
of the abdomen forming the widest part of the body. It is 
smooth, and destitute of spines or tubercles. The general 
■colour is buff with a greenish tinge; the abdomen brownish. 
The head is small, and destitute of ocelli ; it, as well as the 
])ro- and mesothorax, is marked with a slender, central, dark 
longitudinal line. The tegmina are small, oblong-ovate, 
subtruncate at the extremity ; the carina but slightly ele- 
vated ; front margin brown. The wings moderate-sized, 
rather narrow, nearly colourless ; the costal area yellowish 
buff; the median vein furcate at a short distance from the 
base. Abdomen very long, widest in the middle, gradually 
attenuated to the tij) ; three terminal dorsal segments not 
different in appearance from the preceding, but shorter ; 
the terminal one slightly notched at the tip, exposing the 
two very minute anal styles. The operculum is small and 
acute, not extending to the middle of the eighth dorsal seg- 
ment, followed by two elongated flattened appendages ex- 
tending beneath the ninth dorsal segment. Legs wanting. 

Plate XV. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
three terminal segments seen sideways. 5 h. The same seen 
from beneath. 

P.S. The British Museum has subsequently received a 
second and more perfect individual of this species, of which 
the following are the proportions : — 

Long. Corp. fere unc. 4 ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; an- 
ten. unc. 2\ ; mesoth. lin. 7 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 24 
-l-liu. 5— lin. 29 ; styl. anal, porrect. lin. .5 ; ped. ant. lin. 
27, med. lin. 19, post. lin. 24. 

The legs are very .slender, and the anal styles long, nar- 
row and porrected, and acute at the tip, as in PI. VII. 
fig. 1, and PI. VIII. fig. 2. The specimen appears to be a 
female, but the oviduct does not extend beyond the middle 
of the eighth dorsal segment. The expansion of the fore 
wings is 4j inches. 



29. (.'Ui2.) Necroscia Sipylus, Westw. 
Plate XVIII. fig. 4, female. 
Valde elongata, tenuis, suhcylindrica, albido-lutea ; ca- 
pite oblongo, medio subcanaliculato ; pro- et mesonotis 
granulatis ; tegminibus subovalihus, apice truncatis ; alis 
albido'griseis, venis fulvis aut rufescenti tinctis, area cos- 



PHASMIDiE. NECROSCIA. 



ISO 



tali obscuriori plus minusve nebulosa ; abdomine alls multo 
longiori, apice coinpresso (fcEm.). 

Long. Corp. foein. unc. 3f ; cap. Hn. 2-| ; anten.unc. 2f ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 7i ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 
21 +lm. 5 = lin. 26 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expaus. unc. 4. 

Rab. In Assam (D. Jenkins) ; Java (Dr. Hors field). 
In Mus. Hopeiano Oxonife (olim nostr.), Soc. Merc. Ind. 
Orient., et B.M. 

This species is very long and slender; the wings, although 
of large size, scarcely covering more than two-thirds of the 
abdomen. The general colour is uniform pale reddish 
brown with a tinge of buff, the costal area being more or 
less clouded with grey and luteous. The head is oblong, 
finely granulated on the crown with a fine central longitu- 
dinal impressed line. The antennae are very long and 
slender, the basal joint small ; the terminal joints very nu- 
merous, but indistinct. The pro- and mesothorax are finely 
granulated on the back and sides. The tegmina are oval, 
truncate at the ends, very slightly angulated near the middle 
of the main carina. The wings are somewhat opake, of a 
very pale greyish buif, with the veins luteous or slightly 
tinged with rosy ; the costal area more or less mottled with 
grey and luteous ; the median vein simple. The abdomen 
is long and simple, gradually attenuated to the tip, with 
the anal styles elongated and posteriorly porrected ; the 
oviduct is not swollen, and does not extend quite to the ex- 
tremity of the abdomen. The legs are long, slender, and 
simple. 

The male is smaller and still more slender than the 
female. 

Plate XVIII. Fig. 4. The female, of tlie natural size. 4 a. 
The extremity of the body seen sideways. 

Specimens vary in their somewhat shorter proportions, 
and in the darker brown tint, the more uniform colour of 
the costal area of the wings, and in (he rather more angu- 
lated tegmina, which are sometimes pale luteous on the 
outer margin, with a luteous patch arising from the eleva- 
tion of the carina. Mr. Wallace has sent a female insect 
from Sarawak, Borneo, so greatly resembling the Assam 
specimens, that I can scarcely regard it otherwise than as a 
local variety ; the mesothorax is shorter, the tegmina rather 
longer, and the wings considerably longer than those of the 
typical females ; the legs are also shorter ; the jiroportions 
hang- 
Long. Corp. unc. 3i ; cap. lin. 2 ; jiroth. lin. 2j ; me- 
soth. lin. 6; metath. lin. fi ; abdom. lin. I 7-|-lin. 5=lin. 22; 
tegm. lin. 3J ; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

If it should ultimately prove distinct, it may receive the 
name of.iV^. U'arasaca, Westw. 



30. (363.) Necroscia Sarpedon, Westw. 

PL.vrE XXXII. tig. .1, male. 

Plate XVI. fig. 1, female. 

Elongata, gracilis, inermis, fusca, opaca ; capite cum 

pro- et mesothorace hnea media tenui nigra ; mesonoto et. 

abdominis segmentis quatuor basalibus nigris nitidis, horum 

marginibns posticis pallidis ; alls fumosis, area costali fusca 

rubido tincta et subnebulosa ; stylis analibus elongatis 

(foem.). 

Long. Corp. fcem. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 7 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 21 -)- lin. .5 = 
lin. 26 ; tegm. lin. 2i ; alee, lin. 25 ; alar, expans. fere 
unc. 4|. 

Hnb. North Australia. B.M. 

A single mutilated specimen of this species is contained 
in the National Collection. It is long, narrow, opake 
brown, destitute of spines or tubercles. Head rather small, 
with a slender central longitudinal Ime, which extends along 
the middle of the pro- and mesothorax. Ocelli wanting. 
Prothorax with two diverging black lines in the hind 
part ; the hind part of the metanotum and four basal seg- 
ments of the abdomen black and glossy, the extrerait}' of 
these segments pale ; hind segments brown, gradually nar- 
rowed to the eighth segment ; terminal segment as long as 
the preceding, with the anal styles narrow, longer than the 
joint itself, and truncate at their tips, extending from its sides 
near the tip. Tegmina small, rather square ; outer angles 
rounded ; carina slightly elevated. Wings large; costal area 
brown, with a claret tint, and slightly marked with lighter 
clouds ; median vein furcate ; posterior portion dusky. 
Middle legs short, slender, and simple ; basal joint of the 
tarsi rather short ; the other legs and antennae broken oif. 
Meso- and metasternum pale, with a broad central black 
vitta. Operculum narrow, not swollen, extending nearly 
to the extremity of the ninth dorsal segment. 

Plate XVI. Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. la. The 
terminal segments of the body seen laterally. 

P.S. The British Museum has recently received both 
sexes of this species from North Australia. The male is 
represented in Plate XXXII. fig. .5. It is very long and 
slender, coloured as in the female, the dark Ihies on the 
head and prothorax scarcely visible. The tegmina with 
the carina much elevated and rounded in the middle. The 
wings dusky brown in the apical half, the basal half sub- 
hyaline, with brown longitudinal and transverse veins ; the 
costal area blackish brown, with numerous oblong huff 
spots ; the median vein simple. The abdomen with the 
three terminal ventral segments short, not extending be- 

T 2 



140 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



yond the eighth dorsal segment, and much swollen ; the 
anal styles curved and deflexed. The legs of moderate 
length, brown ; the tibiae with wide luteons rings. 

The female has the antennse extending to the middle of 
the fourth abdominal segment. The wings have the basal 
half subhyaline, with brown veins ; the apical half dusky, 
slightly marked with hyaline dots in the middle of some of 
the cells towards the middle of the wings. The legs are 
rather short, simple, and coloured as in the male. The 
eggs of the female are black and glossy ; they are a line and 
a half long, and of an oval, subdepressed form. 

31. (364. j Necroscia Hipponoe. 
Plate XXIX. fig. 2, female. 

Fusca, elongata, subdepressa ; abdomine thorace latiori j 
capite, pro- et mesonotis granulosis, granulis mesonoti ma- 
joribus et in lineis irregularibus dispositis ; tegminibus ova- 
libus, venis albo notatis ; alis fuscescentibus, area costali 
griseo variegata ; pedibus brevioribus, femoribus tibiisque 
multisiuuatis (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. '2f ; anten. lin. 18 ; 
proth. lin. 2j ; niesoth. lin. 6; metath. lin. n^ ; abdom. 
lin. l,j 4- lin. 31 = lin. 18i ; tegm. lin. 3^ ; alar, expans. 
luic. 3^. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo (Z). Ji'al/ace). B.M. 

This obscure species is well distinguished by the short 
multi-sinuated femora and tibise, as well as by the sub- 
lineated granulation of the mesonotum. The head is 
nearly square, slightly elevated at the hind part, and gra- 
nulose. The antennse are long and very slender ; the 
joints short. The mesothorax is gradually broadened behind, 
being wider than the head at its base ; the granules are 
larger than on the prouotum, especially those towards the 
fore part, where they form several irregular lines. The 
tcgmina are oval, with the subbasal elevation of the median 
carina slightly marked ; the veins are not very prominent, 
but are jnarked with several short whitish spots. The 
wings are of moderate size, brownish, with the longitudinal 
veins darker brown ; the costal area is obscure and darker 
brown, varied, especially towards the extremity, with greyish 
buff ; the chief vein is simple, varied with brown and lutcous. 
The abdomen is wider than the mesothorax, of nearly equal 
width throughout, each of the six basal segments being 
rather dilated on each side towards its base ; the three ter- 
nuual segments are gradually narrowed ; the seventh and 
eighth with an elevated tubercle near the middle of the 
hind margin. The ovipositor is conical, depressed, with a 
curved carina on each side from the base to the niidfUe, 



enclosing on each side a raised poli.shed spot, giving to the 
ovipositor, when seen from beneath, the appearance of a 
fox's face, the nose or tip of the ovipositor being slightly 
emarginate. The legs are rather short ; the femora and 
tibiae (except the tibiae of the fore legs) rather dilated, and 
multisiuuated along their whole length ; the basal joint of 
the tarsi is simple, and about as long as the three following 
joints. 

Plate XXIX. Fig. 2. The female, of tlie natural size. 2 a. 
The extremitv of the abdomen seen sidewavs. 



32. (365.) Necroscia Larunda, Westiv. 
Plate XXVII. fig. 3, male. 

Elongata, sat gracilis, obscura fusca luteo variegata, ab- 
dominis apice viridi tincto ; capite oblongo, postice convexo ; 
antennis brevioribus, articulis elongatis ; capite, pro- et me- 
sonotis irregulariter et minute granulosis, hoc prothoraee 
vix duplo longiori ; tegminibus subovalibus, extus oblique 
truncatis ; alis elongatis, subhyalinis, fusco parum tinctis, 
area costali obscuriori ; pedibus brevibus (mas). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2| ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. lin. 15 ? ; 
proth. lin. 2| ; mesoth. lin. 5; metath. hn. 6; abdom. 
lin. 14 + lin. 3 = lin. 17 ; tegm. lin. 4; alar, expans. unc. 3^. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo (D. Wallace). In Mus. \V. W. 
Saunders. 

Obscure brown, varied slightly with luteous ; the ex- 
tremity of the abdomen tinged with green. Head oblong, 
elevated, and convex at its hind part, with numerous minute 
granules arranged in irregular lines. Antennse very slender, 
broken off at about an inch and a quarter from the base ; 
the fourth joint short, the twelfth and following long. Pro- 
and mesonotum opake brown, finely grannlose. Tegmina 
subovate; the outer margin rounded, the inner straight ; the 
apex obliquely truncate ; the central carina and the ordi- 
nary conical elevation but slightly prominent ; inner margin 
pale ; the disc brown, varied with minute irregular luteous 
shades, such being also the colour of the costal area of the 
wings, which are long and rather narrow, slightly stained 
with brown, with luteous-brown longitudinal veins ; the 
principal vein in the costal area is entire. The abdomen 
is long, polished, and pale brown ; the three terminal seg- 
ments short (as is also the sixth dorsal segment) and gra- 
dually narrowed, the tij) of the ninth joint forming three' 
minute equal-sized lobes ; the first and second ventral seg- 
ments are marked with an oblong black patch in the middle 
of each, and there is also a small round black spot at the 
extremity of the sixth ventral segment : the terminal seg- 
ment on the under siirface of the abdomen has been 



PIIASM1D.E. NECROSCIA. 



141 



injured in the only specimen 1 have seen of the species. 
The legs are short, unarmed, and slender; the anterior 
femora rather strongly compressed, and black on the poste- 
rior and inferior surfaces beyond the middle ; the basal 
joint of the two anterior tarsi is as long as all the following 
joints united, and that of the four posterior tarsi as long as 
the three following joints united. 
Plate XXVII. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 

.53. (36G.) Necroscia Meneptolemus, U'estw. 
Plate XIX. fig. 4, niale. 

Gracillima, filiformis, inermis, obscura, fusco-viridis ; an- 
tennis longis, fuscis, artieulis dnobus basalibus luteis ; me- 
sothorace sublsevi ; abdomine iuteo-fusco, nitido ; tegmini- 
bus parvis, ovalibus, viridibus ; alls subhyalinis, area costali 
viridi, vena 2nda Integra ; pedibus longis, gracillimis, femo- 
ribns subtus ante apicem inermibus (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2| ; cap; lin. 1^ ; anten. unc. 2i ; proth. 
lin. \\ ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 15 + 
lin. 3 = liu. 18; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expaus. unc. 2^. 

Hab. Singapore (D.ff'a//acp). In Mus.W.W. Saunders. 

The only specimen which I have seen of this species 
is a male. It is nearly allied to N. lolas, but is smaller, 
much more slender, and with the femora not toothed be- 
neath near the tips. The head is quadrate, with the eyes 
large and prominent ; the hind part of the crown is ele- 
vated convexly. Tbe antennae are very long, brown, with 
the two basal joints dull luteous. The mesothorax is very 
long and slender ; it is nearly smooth on the upper side, 
with but the slightest traces of granulation. The tegmina 
are small, elongate-ovate, with a pale green line rnnning 
outside the ordinary, rather slightly marked carina, and 
with a very small conical elevation towards the base. The 
wings are subhyaline, being very slightly stained with 
dusky ; the longitudinal veins pale brown ; the costal area 
dark green, paler at the base, and with the second vein not 
furcate. The abdomen is very long and slender ; the three 
terminal segments short and but little swollen, the ninth 
having its apical lateral angles deflexed, with short spines 
on their inner margins ; the caudal styles are obtuse, and 
inflesed at the tips ; the three terminal ventral segments 
are short, extending rather beyond the middle of the eighth 
dorsal segment, and but slightly swollen. The legs are 
long, slender, and simple ; the femora destitute of a small 
spine near the tips beneath ; the tarsi are slender, with the 
basal joint longer than all the following united together. 

Plate XIX. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



34. (3G7.) Necroscia Ceramia, Westw. 
Platk XII. fig. 2, male. 
Gracilis, cylindrica, obscure luteo-fusca ; capite tevi, pa- 
rum convexo, punctis duobus minutis inter oculos , antennis 
longis, gracillimis, 70-articulatis ; mesothorace crebre gra- 
nulate ; tegminibus brevibus, subquadratis, carina media 
versus basin angulato-elevata ; alis magnis, subhyalinis, 
fusco parum tinctis, area costali roseo paulo tincta fusco- 
que nebuloso-maculata ; (ledibus brevibus, femoribus versus 
apicem subtus dente minuto armatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2|; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 22 ; 

proth. hu. 2 ; mesoth. hn. 7 ; metath. lin. ."J ; abdom. Un. 

16 + lin. 3 = lin. 19 ; tegm. lin. '2\ ; alar, expans. unc. 3. 

Hub. Ceram {Bom" Pfeiffer). B.M. 

This male species, of which I have seen but a single in- 
dividual (interesting on account of the partial development 
of one of the fore legs), is long, very slender, and cylindric, 
with the body entirely smooth, except the mesothorax, 
which is very finely granulose throughout its entire sur- 
face. The head is nearly square, but slightly convex, with 
two minute black dots between the eyes, and a fine im- 
pressed line down the middle of the back of the head, ex- 
tending also through the pronotum ; the mesonotum having 
a fine central carina. The antennae are long and very 
slender, each composed of about seventy joints, each 
fourth joint being black ; the remaining joints being of the 
general colour of the insect, which is of a luteous brown. 
The tegmina are small and nearly square ; the central 
carina elevated into a conical tubercle towards the base. 
The wings are large and somewhat hyaline, slightly stained 
with brown, with pale brown veins ; the costal area tinged 
with rosy brown, and varied with darker rosy-brown irre- 
gular and ill-defined spots, especially in the middle of the 
fore margin, the chief vein being also dotted with brown. 
The abdomen is long and simple ; the three terminal seg- 
ments slightly dilated, the last quadrate, with the extre- 
mity truncate and much deflexed ; the three terminal ven- 
tral segments extend to the extremity of the body, and are 
but shghtly swollen beneath. The legs are short, slender, 
and simple, except the femora, which have a minute spine 
on the under side near the tip ; the basal joint being as 
long as all the rest united. 

Plate XII. Fia;. 2. The male insect, of the natural size. 2 a. 
The four terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 
2 h. The last joint seen from behind. 

35. (36M.) Necroscia bimaculata. 
Dilute fuliginosa ; thorace tereti, glabro ; elytris brevis- 



142 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



simis, lauceolatis, dilute fuscis, medio macula sulphurea ; 
alis hyalinis, basi rufescentibus, costa dilute fusca (mas). 

Phasma bimacuhita (la double tache), Stoll, Spectr. t. 8. 

f. 29. 
Phasma bimaculatuni, Lirhtenstein, Limt. Trans, vi. p. 15. 

Serville, Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. p. .58. 
Mantis bimaculata, Olivier, Enc. Mcth. vii. 637. no. 64. 
G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 22. 
Burmeister, Ilandh. d. Ent. ii. 2. 586. 
Phasma (Necroscia) bimaculatum, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 
p. 118. 
Hab. In Coromandel. 



36. (369.) Necroscia Erechtheus, TVestiv. 
Plate IX. fig. 1, male. 
Plate XII. fig. 3, male, var. 
Plate XIV. fig. 6, female. 

Elongata, C3'lindrica, inermis, fulva fusco variegata ; me- 
sothorace granuloso ; abdomine brunneo, incisuris luteis, 
apice virescenti ; pedibus fulvis fusco annulatis ; tegmini- 
bus nigricantibus, margine antico venisque viridibus ; alis 
fuscis, puniceo plus minusve tinctis, area costali virescenti 
nebulis nigricantibus subfasciatis (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 23 ; cap. lin. 1^; proth. lin. 1^; 
mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 3^ ; abdom. lin. 11+lin. 2 = 
lin. 13 ; tegm.lin. 1| ; alse, lin. 13y; alar, expans. unc. 2^. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2^; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. liu.4|-; metath. lin. 6; abdom. lin. 16+Un. 3^^ 
lin. 19^ ; tegm. lin. 2^ ; alse, lin. 20 ; alar, expans. unc. 3^. 

Long, slender, subcylindrical ; the female more robust, 
with the hind part of the mesothorax and the metathorax 
dilated. The general colour of the head and thorax is ful- 
vous or luteous, varied with dark brown markings. The 
head is unarmed, and furnished with two small round 
tubercles between the eyes, which appear to be developed 
into ocelli in the male ; the hind part of the head is marked 
with eight more or less distinct dark lines. The antennae 
are very long and slender (one-fourth longer than the entire 
insect in the male) ; the basal articulations are luteous ; at 
the distance of half an inch from the base the joints be- 
come very short, a single joint at equal distances apart 
(about a quarter of an inch) being pale at its base, and 
there being also a ring of white near the tip. The pro- 
thorax is marked with two rather angulated lines down the 
middle. The mesothorax is marked with several dark 
patches, especially one o;i each side near the tegmina ; its 
disc is covered with small luteous granules. The tegmina 
are subquadrate, with the carina moderately elevated in the 
middle into a rounded lobe ; they are black, with the 
lateral margin and the fine reticulated veins green. The 



wings are long and rather narrow ; the costal area is green, 
with the veins (both longitudinal and transverse) paler, 
marked with a number of dark brown clouds forming indi- 
stinct fascise ; the chief longitudinal vein is simple. The 
posterior area is brown, more or less strongly tinged with 
rosy red. The legs are luteous buff, with dark brown 
rings ; they are slender and simple, with the basal joint of 
the tarsi long, and pale yellow, with the tip black. The 
abdomen is brown, with the articulations paler ; that of the 
male is very slender, with the three terminal segments 
rather short and slightly swollen ; the last segment attenu- 
ated and notched at the tip ; the three ventral segments are 
moderately swollen, extending a little beyond the base of 
the ninth dorsal segment. The terminal segments of the 
female are simple, the operculum extending to half the 
length of the ninth dorsal segment. 

Plate IX. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 1 b. 
The same seen fi-om beneath. [The specimen here figured 
has unfortunately been injured in the terminal organs.] 

Plate XII. Fig. 3. A much darker and more strongly marked 
variety of the male, with the abdominal segments perfect. 
3 a. The terminal segments seen sideways. 3 b. The extre- 
mity of the body seen from above. 

Plate XIV. Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

37. (370.) Necroscia aflfinis. 

Pallide viridis ; thorace scabriuscnlo ; tegminibus linea 
media et macula flavis ; alis albido-hyalinis, area costali 
linea flava ; pedibus viridibus ; antennis flavescentibus nigro 
annulatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. — ? ; cap. lin. li ; anten. unc. 2^ ; proth. 
lin. 1^; mesoth, lin. 4^ ; metath. lin. 3J ; abdom. — ?; 
tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. fere unc. 3. 
Platycrana affinis, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 37. 

Hab. In India. B.M. 

The original type of this species, described by Mr. G. R. 
Gray, is preserved in the British Museum. The antennae 
have the basal joints annulated with black. The tegmina 
have a central spot and the curved carina pale yellow. The 
costal area of the wings is pale green, with a line along the 
middle and several small spots yellow. The mesothorax 
has a fine central longitudinal entire carina, on each side 
of which are rows of minute tubercles placed wide a])art. 

38. (371.) Necroscia punctata. 
Plate XXIX. fig. 5, female. 
Viridis, flavo-maculata ; thorace scabriusculo, flavescente; 
tegminibus medio flavis, macula nigra ; alis albido-hyalinis. 



PHASMID^. NECROSCIA. 



143 



area costali viridi, linea media et maculis flavis ; pedibus 
flavesceutibus nigro et viridi fasciatis ; antennis lougis, flaves- 
centibus nigro annulatis. 

Long. corp. maris, — ?; cap. lin. 1| ; anten. unc. 2^ ; 
proth. lin. 1|^; mesoth. lin. 4^ ; metath. lin. Sf; abdom. 
• — ? ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. fere unc. 3. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 2f ; cap. lin. If; anten. — ?; 
proth. lin. 1^ ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 4| ; abdom. 
lin. 16i + lin. 2 = lin. \S^ ; tegm. lin. 2; alar, expans. 
unc. 3^. 

Platycrana punctata, G. B. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 37. 
Phasma (Necroscia) punctatum, De Haaii, Orth. Orient. 

pp. 118, 121. 

Hab. In India orient. Sarawak et Malacca ( TJ'allace) ; 
Java (Dr. Horsfield). B.M. 

The original description of this species was taken from a 
male individual. The figure in PI. XXIX. is from a female, 
which has the body much wider, that of the male being 
quite filiform ; in the latter the mesothoras has a central 
longitudinal carina formed of minute tubercles placed close 
together, and the costal area is marked with a consider- 
able number of minute round yellow spots. 

39. (372.) Necroscia Pholidotus, Jf'esfw. 

Plate XX. fig. (i, male. 

Plate XVII. fig. 4, female. 

Gracillima, fihformis, capite latiori, ocuhs valde promi- 
nentibus ; fusca, mesothorace obscure viridi ; capite, pro- 
ct mesothorace granuloso-spinosis ; tegminibus parvis, qua- 
dratis, tuberculo medio rotundato elevato, margine postico 
albido ; alls fumosis, area costali obscuriori ; ])edibus sub- 
brevibus, gracilibus, in fcemiua perbrevibus ; abdomine 
valde elongato (mas et foem.). 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; i}roth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 7 ; metath. hn. 5 ; abdom. lin. 21 + lin. 3 = 
lin. 24 ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alse, lin. 18 ; alar, expans. unc. 3^. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 4-^ ; cap. Un. 3 ; proth. lin. 2|- ; 
mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. hn. 27 + lin. 4 = 
lin. 31 ; tegm. lin. 4 ; alee, lin. 27 ; alar, expans. unc. 4J. 

Hab. Assam et Sylhet. ]Mus. Hopeiano Oxonise (olim 
nostr.) et B.M. 

Male. Very long, slender, and subcylindrical. Head, 
pro- and mesothorax granulose, the granules on the crown 
of the head and front of the mesothorax becoming small 
spines. Head considerably wider than the protliorax ; eyes 
very prominent ; hind part of the crown very gibbose ; 
ocelli obsolete. Antennae very long and slender. ^leso- 
thorax one-third longer than the metathorax. Tegmina 
small, square, with a strongly elevated and rounded tu- 



bercle in the middle of the carina ; the apical margin lu- 
teous. Metathorax and abdomen glabrous, the latter very 
long and slender ; fifth segment slightly carinated at its 
extremity ; terminal segments small and but slightly thick- 
ened ; apex slightly notched ; three terminal segments 
moderately swollen, scarcely extending beyond the base of 
the ninth dorsal segment. Wings long and rather narrow, 
pale brown ; costal area darker brown, chief vein simple. 
Legs slender and simjde, of moderate length, the middle 
ones short ; basal joint of all the tarsi about as long as the 
four remaining joints together. 

Female. Much larger and more robust, with much 
shorter legs. The principal vein of the costal area is fur- 
cate at a short distance from the base of the wings ; the 
hind portion of the costal area is slightly varied vrith paler 
spots ; the reticulation of the posterior portion is much 
darker. The abdomen has the fifth dorsal segment more 
strongly cariuated in the middle of the hind margin ; the 
three terminal dorsal segments are strongly angulated above; 
the anal styles are short, broad, and rather exserted, and 
the operculum nearly extends to the extremity of the ninth 
dorsal segment. 

Plate XX. Fig. (i. The male, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
head and front of the thorax seen sideways. 6 b. The ter- 
minal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Plate XVII. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. 
The terminal seaments of the abdomen seen laterallv. 



40. (373) Necroscia curtipes. 

Elongata, cylindrica, albidofusca ; capite ))0Stice spinis 
numerosis armato ; jirothorace spinalis 8 per paria dispo- 
sitis ; mesothorace (prothorace plus quam triplo longiori) 
valde spinoso, spinis anticis majoribus ; tegminibus griseis, 
medio in tuberculo magno conico obtuso elevatis ; alis ab- 
domine breviotibus, pallide fuscis, area costali griseo fusco- 
que varia ; abdomine valde elongato, inermi, segmento .5to 
ad apicem supra elevato, oviductu brevi, simplici ; pedibus 
praesertim intermediis, brevibus, simplicibus, femoribus an- 
ticis parum dilatatis, articnlo 1 mo tarsorum anticorum valde 
elongato. 

Long. corp. unc. 1 ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. lin. 22 ; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 7 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. unc. 2f ; 
tegm. lin. 4 ; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Phasma (Necroscia?) curtipes, JJ'estwood, Cabinet Orient. 

Entomol. p. 78. pi. 39. f. 1. 

Hah. Prince of Wales's Island {Br. Cantor"). Mus. 
Hopeiano Oxonia?. 



Allied to Ph. auritum, Fabr. 



144 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



41. (374.) Necroscia Mancinus, TTestw. 
Plate XIV. fig. .'i, male ? 

Elongata, gracilis, subcylindrica, inermis ; capite, pro- 
et mesothorace granulosis ; abdomine Isevi ; tegniinibus 
parvis, obovatis ; tota obscure fusca, alis pallide fuscis, 
costa obscuriori, ad basin albida ; pedibus gracilibus, sim- 
plicibus. 

Long. Corp. circ. unc. 2i ; cap. lin. IJ ; proth. lin. I5 ; 
mesoth. lin. 5^ ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. — ?; tegra. lin. 
If ; alae, lin. 14 ; alar, expans. unc. 2i. 

Hab. Philippine Islands. B.M. 

I am only acquainted with a single very mutilated spe- 
cimen of this species in the National Collection. The ab- 
domen is broken off at the (bird segment, but the whole 
form of the insect seems to indicate it to have been a male. 
It is long, slender, subcylindrical, entirely dark brown ; 
the head, pro- and mesothorax finely granulose on the 
upper side. The head is destitute of ocelli ; it is subovate, 
with the eyes moderately prominent. The tegmina are 
small and obovate, obliquely truncate at the tips ; the ca- 
rina is but moderately and gradually elevated near the base. 
The wings are of moderate size, pale brown, with the costal 
area dark brown, the base pale buff. The legs are mode- 
rately long and slender, destitute of spines or lobes. The 
abdomen is slender, cylindrical, and smooth ; the six ter- 
minal joints broken off. 

Pl.\te XIV. Fig. 3. The insect, of the natural size. 



42. (Syri.) Necroscia Euryalus, JT'estw. 
Plate X. fig. 4, male. 

Elongata, gracilis, abdomine longo, eylindrico ; cinerea, 
capite et mesothorace maculis obscuris variis, granulosis ; 
alis pallide cinereis, area costali obscuriori, strigis abbre- 
viatis in venas dispositis ; tegniinibus parvis, carina in me- 
dio valde elevata ; pedibus brevioribus (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^; cap. lin. li; proth. lin. H ; me- 
soth. lin. .Oi ; metath. lin. 3j ; abdom. lin. 13 + lin. 2 
= lin. 1.5 ; tegm. lin. 1 ; alee, lin. 12 ; alar, expans. 
lin. 2.5 '3. 

riab. In Ceylon. B.M. 

Long and slender, with the legs rather short, and the 
metathorax and abdomen long. Cinereous ; the head and 
mesnnotum varied with small obscure patches, and finely 
granulated. The head is of moderate size ; eyes prominent ; 
ocelli wanting. Antennse very long and slender. Crown of 
head with two spines near the hind margin, behind which is 
a row of small granules. Pro- and mesothorax with a slender 



dark central dorsal line. Tegmina small, subovate ; carina 
strongly elevated in the middle. Wings jiale ashy ; costal 
area darker, and slightly tinged with purplish ; the chief 
veins marked with short dark lines. Abdomen long and 
slender ; the eighth rather broader than several of the pre- 
ceding segments, ninth segment truncate at the extremity ; 
terminal ventral segments slightly swollen, the last extend- 
ing to about two-thirds of the length of the ninth dorsal 
segment. Legs rather short and simple ; basal joint of the 
tarsi of moderate length. 

Plate X. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
hind part of the head from above. 4 b. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen from above. 4 c. The same from 
beneath. 4 d. The same sideways. 



43. (37fi.) Necroscia Panaetius, Westw. 
Plate XII. fig. 4, male. 

Gracillima, cylindrica, Isevis, inermis, antenuis pedibus- 
que anticis longissimis, fusco-virescens ; abdomine palli- 
diori ; capite utrinque pallido ; mesothorace utriuque linea 
tenui nigra (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2\ ; cap. lin. 1 i ; anten. unc. 2\ ; proth. 
lin. li; mesoth. lin. 6; metath. lin. 4^; abdom. lin. 14|^ 
-f lin. 3 — lin. 17i ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. unc. 2\. 

Hab. In Ceylon. B.M. 

Allied to Necroscia filum, Westwood, Cab. Orient. Ent. 
pi. 39. f. 2. Very slender and filiform. General colour 
greenish brown, abdomen paler. Head moderate-sized ; 
eyes prominent ; ocelli wanting. Antennse as long as the 
body, slender ; sides of the head behind the eyes with a 
Inteous vitta. Mesothorax long and slender, with a slender 
lateral black line on each side edged with a pale luteous 
one. Tegmina small, ovate ; carina slightly developed, 
with a slender marginal line. Wings hyaline ; costal area 
darker, with a slender lateral line. Fore legs nearly as 
long as the body, very slender and simple ; basal joint of 
the tarsi very long (the four posterior legs wanting in the 
unique specimen in the British Museum). Abdomen long, 
slender, and cylindrical ; three terminal segments scarcely 
broader than the preceding, with an elevated angle along the 
middle ; the terminal segment emarginate at its extremity, 
exposing the short obtuse anal styles, which are setose and 
cross each other ; three terminal ventral segments slightly 
swollen, not extending to the extremity of the eighth dorsal 
segment. 

Plate XII. Fig. 4. The male, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 4 6. The 
same seen from above. 



PHASMID^. NECROSCIA. 



145 



44. (377.) Necroscia lolas, TT'esfw. 
Plate XIX. fig. 2, male. 

Gracillima, elongata, Isevis, fusca, viridi tincta ; meso- 
thorace vix graiiulato et valde clongato ; capite subqua- 
drato, postice baud elevato ; tegmiiiibus parvis, ovalibus, 
ante medium vix angulatis ; alis paulo iufumatis, area cos- 
tali fusca viridi tiucta, vena 2°''° simplici, albo maculata ; 
pedibus lougis, gracilibus, femoribus omnibus ante apicem 
subtus spinula parva armatis, abdominis segmento ultimo 
lateribus incurvis spinulisque intus armatis (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. H ; anten. unc. 2f ; proth. 
lin. H; mesoth. lin. 7f ; metath. lin. 7; abdom. lin. 15 
4- lin. 4 =lin. 19 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 2f . 

Hab. In Malacca (£>. Wallace). In Mus. W. W. Saun- 
ders. 

I have only seen a single male of this species, which is 
well distinguished by its very long and slender mesothorax 
and its obscure greenish-brown colour. The head is sub- 
quadrate, the hinder part not at all elevated. The eyes 
rather small, but very prominent. The antennae long, 
slender, and blackish. The mesothorax finely granulated 
above, about four times the length of the prothorax. The 
tegmina cbscure greenish, small, oval, scarcely carinated, 
and but slightly angulated towards the base. The wings 
are scarcely stained with brown ; the costal area is greenish 
brown, paler green along the inner margin ; the veins dark, 
the principal ones varied with minute whitish spots ; the 
second vein is not furcate. The abdomen is very long and 
slender ; the terminal segments rather widened, but not 
swollen, the last with the edges deflesed at the tip, and 
armed with minute teeth on the inside ; the anal styles are 
thickened, and obtuse at the tips ; the terminal ventral 
segments have, I believe, been injured in the unique male 
which I have seen. The legs are long and slender ; the 
middle ones considerably the shortest, simple, except that 
all the femora are armed on the under side near the tip 
with a small spine ; the basal joint of the tarsi is about as 
long as the succeeding joints united. 

Plate XIX. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 2 b. The 
last segment seen from behind. 

45. (378.) Necroscia Ismene, Wesfw. 

Plate XL. fig. 2, male ; fig. 3, female. 

Elongata, gracilis ; capite convexo ; antennis \'alde elon- 

gatis, nigris, 3-annulatis, annulo ultimo subapicali; brun- 

neo-fusca, pro- et mesonotis minute granulatis ; capite et 

pedibus \xte fulvis ; tegminibus fascia lata Integra basali 



flava, carina mediana acuta et augulata ; alis pallide fuscis, 
albo transverse valde reticulatis, basi et apice late fuscis, 
area costali bruuneo-fusca pallida, area postica vix obscu- 
riori, venis vix distinctis (mas et focm.). 

Long, corp. maris, unc. \^ ; cap. lin. If ; anten. unc.2| ; 
proth. Un. 1^ ; mesoth. lin. 4^ ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. 
lin. 13 + lin. 2 = Un. 15 ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. fere 
unc. 3. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 3, lin. 1 ; cap. lin. 3; proth. lin. 2; 
mesoth. Un. G ; metath. lin. 6| ; abdom. lin. 18-|-Un. 3= 
lin. 21 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 4, lin. 2. 

Hab. Borneo. In Mus. D. Westermanni Havnire. 

This handsome species is closely allied to N. Mai-messus, 
Westw., but is at once distinguished by its more sombre 
colours, reticulated wings, basal fascia of the tegmina, &c. 
The female also bears a considerable resemblance in general 
form to the female of that species, figured in PI. XIX. fig. 1 . 
The general colour is reddish brown. The male has the 
head rather large and convex, of a bright orange colour. 
The eyes large and prominent. The antennae very long 
and slender, blackish, with three white annuli, the third 
being close to the tip. The pro- and mesothorax have the 
upper surface finely granulated ; the latter is rather widened 
in its hind part. The tegmina are rather broad, sub- 
quadrate ; the carina strongly marked, acute along its ridge, 
and elevated between the middle and base into a conical 
lobe rounded at its top ; the base of the tegmina is occu- 
pied by a broad entire yellow fascia. The wings are large, 
pale brown, with the base and apex uniform brown, the 
middle portion occupied with numerous slender white trans- 
verse reticulations ; the costal area is pale reddish brown, 
scarcely darker than the posterior area, and with the veins 
scarcely distinct ; the median one simple. The abdomen 
is long and slender ; the apical segments short and simple ; 
the anal styles produced into a pair of small curved forci- 
pated appendages, setose, incurved, and thickened at the 
tips. The terminal ventral segments are short and consi- 
derably swollen. The legs are very slender and simple, and 
of an orange colour. 

The female agrees with the male in general colours, but 
has the body more robust and the legs shorter ; the me- 
dian vein of the costal area is furcate at about 7i lines from 
the base ; and the operculum is acutely boat-shaped, and 
extends to the extremity of the abdomen. 

Plate XL. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2o. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size, seen sideways, with the 
bases only of the limbs exhibited. 



146 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



46. (379.) Necroscia Cercyon, Westw. 
Plate XXXIV. fig. 1, male. 

Valde attenuata, cylindrica, inermis, Tiridi-fusca, opaca ; 
capite subrotundato, ocuHs magnis ; antennis corpore lon- 
gioribus, 4-annulatis ; tegminibus brevibus, ovalibus, rufo- 
fuscis, carina nigra acute angulata, margine externo albo ; 
alis fuscis, nubilis pallidioribus transversis vix distinctis, 
area costali brunneo-fusca (area postica baud obscuriori), 
vena mediana simplici pallide viridi, margine antico ad 
basin brunnescenti ; abdomine nigro-fusco ; pedibus graci- 
libus, luteo-fulvis (mas). 

Long. corp. unc. 2, lin. 5 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. una. 2f ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. ^ ; abdom. 
lin. 13 + lin. 2 = lin. 15 ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 2^. 

Hah. Pulo Penang. In Mus. D. Westermanni Havnise. 

This species is closely allied to N. Mannessus, but differs 
in its colours and in the clavate anal styles. It is very 
slender and cylindrical, greenish brown and opake. The 
head wide, with very prominent eyes ; ocelli obsolete. 
The antennae are longer than the body, very slender, dark 
brown, with four white rings placed at equal distances 
apart, the last being close to the tip. The pro- and meso- 
thorax are simple. The tegmina are small, subovate, red- 
dish brown ; the carina black, acutely, but not strongly, 
angulated before the middle ; the outer margin white. 
The wings large, brown, with scarcely distinct paler trans- 
verse clouds between the longitudinal veins ; the latter are 
rather darker reddish brown ; the costal area is reddish 
brown, scarcely darker than the hind part of the wing ; 
the median vein simple and pale green ; the fore margin at 
the base is reddish brown. The abdomen is blackish 
brown and slender ; the terminal segments short, and but 
slightly swollen, the last with its lateral posterior angles 
produced ; the anal styles porrected, incurved, and gra- 
dually clavate to the tips ; the three terminal ventral seg- 
ments are constricted at the base of each, the last extend- 
ing to the end of the last dorsal segment. The legs are 
long, very slender, and simple, and of luteo-fulvous colour. 

Plate XXXIV. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



47. (380.) Necroscia Euplectes, Westw. 
Plate XXVIII. fig. 1, male. 

Gracillima, filiformis, inermis, fusco-nigricans ; capite 
antice, pro- et mesonoto granulis albis notatis ; antennis lon- 
gissimis, albo annulatis ; tegminibus parvis, rotundatis, in 
medio conice elevatis, brunneo-carneis, linea media altera- 



que transversa albis ; alis fuscis, iridescentibus, area costali 
])uniceo-fusca linea longltudinali pallidiori ; pedibus graci- 
libus, geniculis tarsisque albidis (mas). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2 ; cap. lin. 14, ; anten. lin. 23 ; proth. 
lin. \\ ; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 12-1- 
lin. 2i = lin. 14^ ; tegm. lin. 1 ; alar, expans. unc. 2^. 

Hab. In Borneo (Sarawak) {D. Wallace). In Mus. 
W. W. Saunders. 

This very slender species is well distinguished by its iri- 
descent wings, and the white granules on the pro- and 
mesothorax. The head is rather broad, unarmed ; eyes 
large ; front of head dirty whitish, with the upper lip 
tinged with green. The antennae are very long and slender, 
dark brown, with three distant white annuli. The meso- 
thorax is slender and nearly cylindrical ; the under surface 
and sides pale greenish buff ; the disc, like that of the pro- 
thorax, dark brown, with a fine raised longitudinal median 
line, the surface covered with numerous minute whitish 
granules. The tegmina are very small, nearly round ; the 
middle of the central carina very strongly elevated and 
rounded, brown ; the costa tinged with green and pink, 
and the disc marked with a transverse whitish line. The 
wings are brown, very transparent, and strongly iridescent ; 
the costal area pale brown, strongly tinged with pink, and 
with a pale whitish line extending from the base to about 
the middle, where it is gradually lost. The fore legs are 
wanting ; the four hind legs are long, very slender, and 
simple, brown ; the tips of the femora and the tarsi pale 
buff. The abdomen is long and slender, brown, paler be- 
neath, and tinged with green ; the three terminal segments 
dilated ; the ninth strongly emarginate at its extremity, 
with the obtuse anal styles porrected, curved, and setose ; 
the terminal ventral segments are much swollen, the last 
not extending to the extremity of the eighth dorsal seg- 
ment. 

Plate XXVIII. Fig. 1. The male, of the natm-al size. 1 a. 
The extremity of the abdomen seen sideways. 



48. (381.) Necroscia atricoxis, TJ'^ei^iw. 
Plate XXI. fig. 5, female. 
Elongata, gracilis, fusca, antice olivaceo tincta, inermis ; 
antennis valde elongatis, fuscis, albido G-anuulatis ; tegmi- 
nibus parvis, ovalibus, postice subtruncatis, tuberculo conico 
nigro instructis ; alis fuscis, area costali luteo-fusca ; pedi- 
bus luteo-fuscis, coxis et apicibus femorum nigris (foem.). 
Long. corp. foem. imc. 3; cap. lin. 2; anten. unc. 2| ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 7 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 



PHASMID.E. NECROSCIA. 



147 



IG + lin. 3 = lin. 19 : tcgm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 3, 
liu. 7. 

Hah. In India orientali {Domina Hamilton). In Mus. 
Soc. Ent. Loudin. 

Long and slender. Colour brown ; the anterior part of 
the body tinged with olivaceous ; the head with several 
slightly indicated darker longitudinal lines. Head rounded, 
moderately convex, unarmed. Antennae very long and 
slender ; joints extremely numerous, with six equidistant 
annuli of white. Pro- and mesothorax slender and simple, 
with a slender pale longitudinal dorsal line. Tegmina 
small, oval, subtruncate at the extremity, brown ; costa 
whitish ; carina dark brown, elevated, with a strong co- 
nical black lobe before the middle. Wings large, uniform 
brown ; veins concolorous ; costal area brighter brown, buff 
along the fore margin ; median vein furcate, the lower 
branch uniting with the upper before the extremity of the 
wing. Abdomen long, gradually attenuated to the tip, 
which is rounded and simple ; anal styles slightly extend- 
ing beyond the apex, obtuse at the tip ; oviduct boat- 
shaped, reaching as far as the extremity of the ninth dorsal 
segment, acute at its tip. Legs long, very slender, and 
simple ; the coxse and tips of the femora black ; basal 
joint of the tarsi in the fore legs longer than all the rest 
united, as long as the three following in the four hind legs. 
Plate XXI. Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
extremity of the body seen sideways. 

49. (382.) Necroscia Umbretta. 
Obscure fuliginosa ; thorace tereti, scabro ; tegminibus 
brevissimis, basi aristato-spinosis ; alls longitudine abdo- 
minis, extus maculis oblongis fuscis ; antennis concoloribus, 
longitudine corporis (mas) . 

Phasma linearis (Le double epinebrun), Stoll, Spectr. pi. 8. 
f. 27, and Append. 

G. R. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 26 (nee Phasma lineare, 
J'flJr. = Prisopus manicatus). 
Phasma Vmhrctta, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. 14. 
(An Ph. acanthoptera, SfolH) 

Hab. In Suriuamo. Mus. Holthuys. 

.iO. (383.) Necroscia acanthoptera. 
Fusca ; tegminibus spinosis ; alis flavescenti-brunneis ; 
area costali rufescenti, brunneo maculata. 
Phasma acanthoptera (Le Spectre mouchete), Stoll, Specif. 
pi. 21. f. 7S, and Jpp. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 23. 
ServiUe, H. N. Orth. p. 268. 
Biirmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 586. 
I)e Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 
(An Phasma lineare, S'/o//= Ph. Umbretta, Licht.1) 
Hab. In Amboina {StoU) ; Cayenne {ServiUe). 



51. (384.) Necroscia Casignetus, Westw. 
Plate XX. tig. 5, female. 

Elongata, subgracilis, corpore et i)edibus inerraibus, teg- 
minibus spina curvata erecta armatis ; mesothorace linea 
tenui media glabra, dorsoque granulosa ; tota fusca ; alis 
fuscescentibus, area costali brunnea, vena 2'" furcata ; pe- 
dibus longis, intermediis brevioribus (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 3| ; cap. lin. 2\ ; proth. lin. '2\; me- 
soth. lin. 6i ; metath. lin. 6| ; abdom. lin. 19^ + Un. 3 = 
lin. 22i; tegm. lin. 3 ; alaj, lin. 22^ ; alar, expans. unc. 4. 

Hab. Assam (Major Jenkins). Mus. Hopeiano Oxoniae, 
olim nostr. 

Female. Long and moderately slender ; the metathorax 
widest, and the abdomen gradually attenuated. General 
colour brown, obscure ; abdomen glabrous. Head wider 
than the prothorax ; eyes prominent ; ocelli obsolete. An- 
tennse long, extending at least to the extremity of the 
fourth segment of the abdomen. Mesothorax gradually 
widened behind, finely granulose, with a fine raised longi- 
tudinal glabrous line. Tegmina broadly ovate, angulated 
along the middle, with an acute, curved, and erect spine 
near the centre. Wings smoky ; costal area brunneous ; the 
principal vein furcate. Abdomen with the three terminal 
dorsal segments short ; the last notched at the tip, exposing 
the two short obtuse anal styles (the terminal ventral seg- 
ments are injured in the unique specimen in my collection). 
Legs moderately long, slender, and simple (the interme- 
diate pair the shortest). Tarsi with the basal joint about 
as long as the four others united. 
Plate XX. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 



52. (38.").) Necroscia annulata. 
Fusca; tegminibus margine exteriore flavis, in medio 
deute brevi elevato ; alis fuscis ; antennis longis, fuscis, an- 
nulis quatuor albidis ; pedibus ferrugineis. 

Phasma annulata, Fabricius, Ent. Syst. Sujipl. p. 189. 
Latreille, Gen. Crust, et Ins. iii. 87. 
G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 23 (nee Phasma annu- 
lata, Serville). 
Hab. Tranquebaria. 

53. (386.) Necroscia vinosa. 
Lsevis, rufo-brunnea, corticina ; ocellis nullis ; mesatho- 
raee prothorace triplo longiori, in medio supra carina vix 
distincta ; tegminibus concoloribus, carina mediana valde 
et acute elevata ; alis subhyalinis rufo-vinosis, costa opaca 
corpore concolori ; pedibus brunneis, femoribus viridi tinc- 

V 2 



148 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



tis ; antennis fuscis, pone medium nlbo 4-ammlatis (mas et 
foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2, liu. 5 ; cap. lin. 1^; anten. 
unc. 2^ ; proth. lin. 1^ ; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. liu. 4| ; 
abdom. lin. 14 + lin. 2^ = lin. Kii ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, 
expans. fere unc. 3. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 2} ; 

proth. lin. 1^; mesoth. lin. 6; metath. lin. 7; abdom. 

lin. 17 + lin. 3 = lin. 20; tegtn. lin. 4 ; alar, expans. 

unc. 4^. 

Necroscia vinosa, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 253. 

Phasma (Necroscia) vinosum, Be Haan, Orthopt. Orient. 

pp. 118, 120. 

Hab. In Java (Serville) ; Sarawak, Borneo (Wallace). 
InMus.W.W. Saunders et Hopeiano Osonioe (ohmuostr.). 

Fine specimens of the male of this species have been re- 
ceived from Mr. Wallace. The female is now described 
for the first time from a specimen obtained by me from the 
Museum of Ley den. 

It is of a reddish-brown colour, the head and anterior 
femora having a dull greenish tinge, the former with a 
dark red triangular patch between the eyes, and with seve- 
ral slight longitudinal darker lines at the back part of the 
head, which is very convex. The antennae have two short 
pale rings beyond the middle. The mesonotum has a 
slender raised longitudinal line down the middle, and the 
disc exhibits a number of minute pale granules. The cen- 
tral carina of the tegmina is conically elevated and very 
acute along its whole length. The median vein of the 
costal area of the wings is furcate at about one-third of the 
length from the base. The legs are slender, with a very 
minute tooth near the extremity of the femora beneath. 
The ovipositor reaches nearly to the extremity of the ab- 
domen, and the anal styles are short, slender, porrected, 
and setose. 

54. (387.) Necroscia rubicunda. 

Mesothorace elongate ; alis rubicundis, area antica fusca 
maculis flavis nervis simplicibus ; elytris planis, fuscis ; pe- 
dibus cinereis fusco anuulatis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. 3"; alar. 1" 10"'. 

Phasma (Necroscia) rubicundum, Be Haan, Orthopt. Orient. 
p. 120.pl. 12. f. 2, fem. 
Hab. In Borneo. 

55. (388.) Necroscia rosea. 
Viridis aut rufescenti-brunuea, antennis rufo-brunneis ; 
mesothorace tereti, glabro ; tegminibus minutis, ovalibus, 
rufo-brunneis, striga obscura longitudinaliter uotatis ; alis 



carneis, subopacis, area costali viridi ; pedibus flavis, fe- 
moribus denticulatis. 

Long. Corp. unc. 3 ; anten. unc. 1 ; alar, expans. unc. 3J. 

Phasma rosea (Le Spectre a ailes rouges), Sfoll, Spectr. 

pi. 5. f 17. 
Mantis rosea, Fabricius, Ent. Syst. ii. 16 ; Ent. Syst. 
Suppl.\>. 1!)0 (Phasma r.). 

Latreille, Qen. Crust, et Ins. iii. 87. 
Lepel. et Serv. Enc. Mkh. x. 101. 
Serville, Ann. Sci. Nat. xxii. p. 31 (Phasma r.). 
G. R. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 37 (Platycrana r.). 
Mantis erythroptera, Olivier, Enc. Meth. no. 58. 
Phasma roseum, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. 14. 

Hab. East Indies ; Amboyna ; Ceram {Madame Ida 
Pfeiffei-). B.M. 

The male is figured by Stoll. The fore femora have two 
spines beneath near the tip, the middle femora have three 
or four small spines near the tip, and the hind femora have 
about eighteen along their whole length beneath, three near 
the tij) being larger than the rest. The tegmina are oval, 
with a dark central longitudinal streak furcate towards the 
middle, the outer branch being again furcate beyond the 
middle. The three terminal segments of the body in the 
male are of nearly equal length, the seventh segment gra- 
dually widened, the eighth subquadrate, the ninth subqua- 
drate, but emarginate along its apical truncation, with a 
minute terminal lobe and a longitudinal carina along the 
middle of the back of this joint ; the anal styles are about 
the length of the last joint, exserted, dilated and converging 
at the tips, their inner surface at the extremity being armed 
with several minute teeth. 

56. (389.) Necroscia marginata. 

Viridis ; mesothorace granuloso ; tegminibus areaque 
costaU viridibus, margine exteriori lactifloreis, interne nigro 
margiuatis ; alis puniceis ; pedibus inermibus. 

Long. corp. unc. 2\ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 2^ ; proth. 
Un. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 13 -|- 
lin. 4 = lin. 17 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. ?>\. 
Phasma marginatum, G. E. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 23. 

Hab. In Ora Malabariensi. B.M. 

The head is small. The mesothorax granulated. The 
teo-mina with the central carina gently elevated near the 
middle. The legs simple, and the anal styles exserted and 
dilated at the tips. 

57. (390.) Necroscia 4-guttata. 
Capite gibboso, viridulo, ore flavo, oceUis obsoletis ; tho- 
race viridi, subrugoso ; mesothorace prothorace triplo Ion- 



PHASMID^. NECROSCIA. 



149 



giori, 3-carinato (carina una dorsali, duabus lateralibus) ; 
tegminibus viridibus ('2i lin. long.), carina mediaua di- 
stincta utriuque puncto flavo rotundo ; alls hyaliuis, roseis ; 
costa opaca, viridescenti ; abdomine, pedlbus, et basi au- 
tennarum viridi-flavescentibus ; femoribus anticis basi rectis 
(mas). 

Long. Corp. fere unc. 2 ; foem. uuc. 3^. 

Necroscia 4-guttata, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 253. 
Phasma 4-guttatura, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 586. 

Charpentier, Orth. Descr. t. 10. 
Phasma (Necroscia) 4-guttatuni, Be Ilaan, Orth. Orient. 

pp. 118, 121 (excl. syu. P. rosei, Fab., Stall, Licht.). 

Ilab. In J&ysL (^Serville) ; Borneo (De Haan). 

Both sexes of this species are contained in the Royal 
Museum at Berlin. The head is convex ; the mesothorax 
granulose ; the median carina of the tegmina very strongly 
and roundly raised between the base and middle of the 
tegmina ; the wings extend to the end of the sixth segment 
of the abdomen. The following are the proportions of the 
female : — 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2^ ; anteu. unc. 2^ ; 
proth. lin. 2^ ; mesoth. lin. G ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. 
unc. 2 ; tegm. lin. 4 ; alar, expans. uuc. 4i. 



58. (391.) Necroscia bis 2-guttata. 

Caeruleo-viridis ; antennis longis, albo 5-annulatis ; elytris 
guttis 4 albis ; alarum area postica rosea ; mesothorace gra- 
nuloso. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2 ; cap. lin. ]^ ; anten. lin. 20 ; 
proth. lin. 1^ ; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 3^ ; abdom. 
lin. 11^ + lin. 2 = lin. 13^; tegm. lin. If; alar, expans. 
unc. 2, lin. 7. 

Hab. In Java ; Borneo. 

Phasma bis 2-guttatum, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 
586. 

Charpentier, Orth. Descr. pi. 11. 

The above proportions are taken from an examination of 
the typical specimen preserved in the Royal Museum at 
Berlin. 



59. (392.) Necroscia Rafflesii. 

Cserulescenti-viridis ; macula inter oculos flava ; meso- 
thorace longo, gracili ; tegminibus maculis duabus in medio 
albis ; alis hyalinis, albis, coccineo marginatis ; abdomine 
basi sulphureo, apice cferuleo-viridi ; pedibus basi flavis. 

Long. corp. 2" 2'" ; alar. exp. 2" 7'". 



Platycrana Rafflesii, 0. R. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 37. 
Phasma (Necroscia) Rafflesii, De Haan, Orth. Orient, pp. 

118, 121. 
(An Necroscia bis biguttata ?, teste De Haan.) 

Hab. In Sumatra ((V /-ay) ; Jaya. {De Haan). Olim in 
Mus. Soc. Zool. Loud. 



60. (393.) Necroscia Marmessus, Westw. 

Plate XIX. fig. 7, male. 

Plate XIX. fig. 1, female. 

Plate XXIX. fig. 4, var. male. 

Gracilis, inermis, mesonoto granulis minutis instructo ; 
obscure lutescenti-virescens ; capite viridi ; tegminibus 
parvis, ovalibus, viridibus, macula alba ant fulva pallida 
ante medium marginis interni, alteraque marginis externi ; 
alis Isete puniceis, area eostali viridi, versus basin magis 
flavescenti ; pedibus longis, gracilibus, fulvo-testaceis, an- 
nulo pallidiori ante apicem tibiarum 4 anticarum ; antennis 
albo annulatis. 

Var. maris maculis tegminum rotundatis fulvis. 

Var. maris macula rotuudata fulva inter oculos (mas et 
foem. AniV. Rafflesii 1). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 2\ ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 5f ; metath. lin. 5^ ; abdom. 
lin. 12 4- lin. 2\ = lin. 14| ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. 
lin. 31. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2^ ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 18 + lin. 3^= 
lin. 21i ; tegm. lin. 3^ ; alar, expans. unc. 4, lin. 5. 

Hab. In Malacca ; Borneo (Sarawak) (D. 77'o/fcce). In 
Mus. W. W. Saunders, Hopeiano Oxonise, et B.M. In 
Sumatra {D. Raffles). In Mus. Soc. Merc. Ind. Orient. 

The pale- ringed antennae and the elegant contrast of the 
two portions of the beautifully tinted wings distinguish 
this species. The general colour is dull luteous, tinged 
with green on the thorax, and with fulvous on the abdo- 
men, which is glossy. The head is broad, wl-th the eyes 
very prominent, convex above, fine green, vrith a large yel- 
low rounded spot between the eyes. The antennae are very 
long and slender, blackish, with about five whitish annuli. 
The metathorax is finely granulated. The tegmina are 
small, subovate, rather strougly angulated near the middle ; 
the base, and a spot between the base and the middle of 
the inner margin, together with another spot beyond the 
middle of the outer margin, pale. The wings are rosy pink ; 
the costal area green, yellower at the base, with the veins 
darker green, the principal vein not being furcate. The 
abdomen is long and slender ; the terminal segments con- 
siderably swollen ; the ninth dorsal segment with an acute 



150 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



edge ; the anal styles obtuse, incurved, and forcipated. The 
legs are long, slender, unarmed, testaceous-coloured ; the 
basal joint of the tarsi as long as all the remaining joints 
united. 

The female is larger and broader, with shorter legs. The 
general colour resembles that of the male ; the pale spot 
across the middle of the tegniina transverse, and extending 
to the inner margin, and the pale spot of the outer margin 
more oblique. The chief vein of the costal area is furcate. 
The three terminal segments of the abdomen compressed 
and short ; the ovipositor not swollen, extending to the ex- 
tremity of the ninth dorsal segment ; the anal styles straight 
and obliquely porrected. 

The colour and form of the spots on the head and teg- 
mina vary in different specimens. In some males the head 
is spotless, in others it has a large rich fulvous-yellow round 
spot between the eyes. In some specimens of both sexes 
the spots of the tegmina are transverse, oblique, and whitish; 
in others fulvous yellow ; whilst in some the spots are round 
and fulvous yellow. I at first considered the specimens 
with rounded spots on the tegmina as a distinct species, to 
which I gave the name of Ph. Eunjbates, which they may 
retain, if ultimately proved to be a distinct species. 

Plate XIX. Fig. 7. The male, of the natural size. 7 a. The 

terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 
Plate XIX. Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. la. 

The head seen sideways. 1 b. The extremity of the body 

seen sideways. 
Plate XXIX. Fig. 4. Variety of the male with rounded spots 

of the tegmina (Ph. Eurybates, Westw., olim). 4 a. The 

extremity of the body seen sideways. 

CI. (394.) Necroscia annulipes. 

Antennis nigrescentibus, albo annulatis ; capite flavo, 
nigro lineato ; thorace supra rufo, nigro lineato, scabro, 
snbtus viridi-flavo ; tegminibus viridi-flavis, margine inte- 
riore rufo-brunneo, in medio macula flava ; alis pallide 
roseis, area costali viridi-flava, lineis tribus longitudinalibus 
rufo-brunneis ; abdomiue lurido ; pedibus fla^-is, quatuor 
anterioribus annulis rufo-brunneis. 

" Pedum anteriorum femoribus et tibiis 3-annulatis ; me- 
diorum femoribus annulo unico, tibiis annulis 2 nigris, pedi- 
bus posticis concoloribus. ? Nova Hollandia."- — Be Ilaan. 

Long. Corp. maris, 2" 6'" ; anten. 2" /'" ; alar, expans. 
.3" 1'". 

Long. Corp. fcem. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2\ ; proth. lin. 2^ ; 
mesoth. lin. C ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 19 + lin. 4 = 
lin. 23 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 4f . 

Phasma annulipes, Curtis, MS. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 37 (Platycrana ann.). 



Phasma (Necroscia) annulipes, De Haan, Orfh. Orient. 
pp. 118, 121. 

Hah. In India orient. Malacca ; Nova Hollandia. In 
Mus. Curtis, B.M., &c. 

I am indebted to Mr. Curtis for permission given to Mr. 
Haliday to make a drawing of the typical specimen de- 
scribed by Mr. G. R. Gray from his Collection, which is a 
male. A female in the Leyden Museum is ticketed " Nova 
Hollandia? " Mr. Wallace has sent it from Malacca. It is 
a very slender species. The head has a black line on each 
side behind the eye, which also extends along the sides of 
the pro- and mesothorax. The anterior femora have two 
black rings beyond the middle ; the middle femora have a 
single black ring near the tip, and the hind femora (in the 
female) are without rings ; the four anterior tibise in the 
female are annulated with black, and the tip of the basal 
joint of the tarsi in the middle legs and the extremity of 
the hind tibise are also dark-coloured. 

62. (39.').) Necroscia vittata. 

Laevis ; capite magno ; prothorace Icevissirao, cylindrico, 
lateribus hand dilatatis ; mesothorace prothorace vix duplo 
longiori; capite et thorace viridibus, hoc supra lineis duabus 
flavidis in thoi-acera extensis, alterisque duabus lateralibus 
pone oculos, singula in medio fascite Isevi viridi-uigra ; 
ocellis obsoletis ; alis hyalinis obscuris (basi excepto), roseo 
vix tinctis, costa opaca, margine extremo virescenti, striaque 
longitudinali brunnea, alteraque contigua flavescenti ; ab- 
domine viridi-flavo, viridi vix lineato ; corpore infra viridi- 
flavo. 

Long. Corp. circ. unc. 2. 

Necroscia vittata, ServiUe, H. N. Orth. p. 254. 

Phasma (Necroscia) vittatum, Be Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 118. 

Hab. In Java. 

63. (396.) Necroscia chlorotica. 

Obscure flavida ; capite angusto, elongato, postice nigro 
lineolato ; ocellis obsoletis ; thorace albido granuloso, lineis 
nigris ^ix distinctis, utrinque unicarinato, subtus nigro 
punctato ; mesothorace prothorace trijilo longiori ; tegmi- 
nibus obscure flavidis (2 lin. long.), carina mediana distincta 
hand angulata ; alis magnis, hyalinis roseo vix tinctis, costa 
opaca obscure flavida nigro guttulata ; abdomiue Isevi ; an- 
tennis pedibusque corpori concoloribus, his obscurius macu- 
latis, femoribus anticis basi profunde emarginatis, stylis 
analibus porrectis, longitudine segmenti ultimi (foem.). 

Mas. Multo gracilior et obscurior, alis absque ulla tinc- 
tura rosea. 



PHASMID^. NECROSCIA. 



151 



Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. \\ ; anteu. uuc. 2g ; 
proth. liu. 1 J ; niesotli. lin. 4i ; nietath. lin. 4; abdom. 
lin. 15 + lin. 3 = lin. 18 ; tegm. liu. 2^ ; alar, exjiaus. 
unc. 2^. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2; anten. unc. 2 + ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 7 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 20 
+ lin. 4 = lin. 24 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 3^. 

Necroscia clilorotica, ServiHe, H. N. Ortli. p. 252. 
Phasma (Necroscia) clilorotica, Z)e Ilaan, Orth. Orient. 

pp. 118, 121. 

Hab. In Java. In Mus. Lugdunens. et Ilopeiano Oxonise 
(mas et fcem. cum individuo typico Servilleano). 



64. (397.) Necroscia roseipennis. 

Capita et prothorace supra obscure viridibus, rugosis, 
ocellis distinctis ; capite postice in medio canaliculato ; me- 
sothorace prothorace triplo longiori, 3-carinato (una dor- 
sali et duabus lateralibus) ; tegmiuibus viridibus, brevibus 
(2 lin. long.), carina mediana distincta albida ; alls hya- 
linis rosaceis, costa viridi opaca ; abdomiue viridi-luteo, 
postice attenuato, appendiculis duobus brevibus crassis ; 
pedibus viridibus, femoribus anticis ad basin emarginatis 
(fa3m.). 

Mas. Triplo minor, gracilis ; antennis viridibus, corpore 
longioribus. 

Long. Corp. unc. 2^. 

Necroscia roseipennis, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 252. 

Guirin, Icon, du Rigne An., Ins. pi. 53. f. 5, texte, 

p. 328. 
Griffith, Animal Kinffdom, pi. 110. f. 5. 
Phasma (Necroscia) roseipenue, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 
pp. 118, 121. 
Hab. \\\ 3 &\3. {Serville). Borneo ; Sumatra (De Zfa«?j). 

De Haan (/. c.) has given Phasma curvipes, Stoll, val- 
gum, Lichtenstein, roseipennis, Serville, Chloris, Serville, 
and -prasinum, Burmeister, as one species. Having, not- 
withstanding all my exertions, been unable to find any 
trace of Serville's typical specimens in the Paris Collections, 

1 am unable to determine how far De Haan is justified in 
such a step, and therefore prefer giving the species as 
distinct. 

65. (398.) Necroscia Chloris. 

Capite et thorace viridibus, supra rugosis ; ocellis obso- 

letis ; capite utrinque linea alba postice notato ; mesotho- 

race prothorace saltem triplo longiori ; 3-carinata (una dor- 

sali et duabus lateralibus) ; tegminibus viridibus (saltem 

2 lin. long.), carina mediana distincta albida; alis hyaliuis 
subroseo tinctis ; costa opaca viridula ; abdomine viridi- 



luteo, postice attenuato, viridi ; pedibus antennisque mutilis 
(foem.). 

Long. Corp. uuc. 2|. 

Necroscia Chloris, Serville, II. N. Orth. p. 253. 

Phasma (Necroscia) roseipenue, Serv., var. teste De Haan, 

Orth. Orient, p. 121. 

Hab. In Java. 



66. (399.) Necroscia Burmeisteri, TFesttv. 

Pallide viridis, unicolor ; alarum area postica pallide in- 
carnata ; mesonoto granulato, linea media necnon utrinque 
laterali elevata. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 2, lin. 7; cap. lin. li ; anten. 
unc. 2-^ ; proth. lin. If; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 4^; 
abdom. lin. 15 + lin. 3=lln. 18 ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 3t. 

Phasma prasinum, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. p. 586 ; 

nee Ph. prasinum, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 272. 
Phasma (Necroscia) roseipenue, Serv., fcEm. teste De Haan, 

Orth. Orient. Y>. 121. 

Hab. In Java et Borneo. 

The typical specimen described by Burmeister is con- 
tained in the Berlin Museum ; it is a female, and is more 
slender than the allied species ; the tegmina having the 
median carina but little elevated ; and the operculum does 
not extend beyond the middle of the ninth dorsal segment. 

67. (400.) Necroscia curvipes. 

Cinerea, gracilis ; mesothorace tereti, glabro ; tegminibus 
brevissimis, ovatis, nigro lineatis ; alis hyalinis ; femoribus 
anticis extrorsum divaricatis ; antennis longissimis, nigris 
(mas). 

Long. Corp. 2" 1'"; anten. 2" 3'"; alar, expans. 2" 6'". 

Phasma curvipes (Le Spectre aux pieds de devant courbe's), 
Stoll, Sjjectr. p. 43. pi. 13. f. 52. 

G. It. Gray, Spi. Phasm. p. 38 (Platycraua c). 
Mantis inflexipes, Oliv. Enc. Meth. vii. 641. 

Serville, A?in. Sc. Nat. xxii. 58 (Phasma inf.). 
Phasma valgum, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vi. 16. 
Phasma (Necroscia) roseipenue, mas, Serville, teste De 
Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 121. 
Hab. In China. 



68. (401.) Necroscia Zeuxis, Westw. 
Plate XXVIII. fig. 5, male ; fig. 6, female. 
Gracilis ; oculis magnis ; antennis pedibusque elongatis, 
simplicibus, nigro irregularitcr annulatis ; alarum area pos- 
tica ante apicem fascia maculari pallide cserulea ; articulo 
1™° tarsorum subtus ad basin intus paulo angulato. 



152 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Mas. Nigricans, mesothorace obscurius submaculato ; 
capite mesothorace duplo latiori, impressione rotunda inter 
oculos ; mesothorace tenuissime granulato ; tegminibus 
brevibus, margine iuterno oljscure rufo ; alarum area antica 
nigricanti, nebuUs irregularibus griseis, vena mediana in- 
tegra virescenti, area postica nigra, venis transversis tcnuis- 
simis albidis. 

Foem. Grisea, fusco vel nigricanti variegata ; antennis 
albido annulatis ; mesothorace granuloso ; tegminibus ob- 
scure cinereis albido tessellatis ; alarum area antica grisea, 
irregulariter nigricanti fasciata, area postica nigra, versus 
basin albido tessellata, medio lunula magna fulva, fasciaque 
subapicali pallide ceerulea ; pedibus luteo-cinereis nigro 
fasciatis ; operculo anali elongate. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 1^ ; anten. unc. 3f ; 
proth. lin. 1^^ ; mesoth. lin. 8-^; metath. lin. 4 J ; abdom. 
lin. 16 + lin. 21 = lin. 18J; tegm. lin, 2|; alee, lin. 16 ; 
alar, expans. fere unc. 3. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 4^ ; cap. lin. 2^ ; anten. unc. 3f ; 
proth. lin. 2^; mesoth. lin. 10| ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. 
lin. 21 + lin. 4-1-operc. apice lin. 2=lin. 27 ; tegm. lin. 4 ; 
alse, lin. 19 ; alar, expans. unc. 3i. 

Hah. In Borneo (Sarawak) {D. Wallace). In Mus. 
W. W. Saunders, Mus. Hopeiano Oxonioe, et B.M. 

The male is very slender and cylindrical, of a greenish- 
black colour ; the abdomen and antennae black. The 
head short and vride ; eyes large. Antennae very long, 
black ; basal joint moderate- sized ; on the face between the 
eyes is a circular depression. Mesothorax very slender, 
and very finely granulated. Abdomen slender ; three ter- 
minal joints short, bent upwards ; terminal joint slightly 
notched at the tip ; anal styles short, obtuse ; three ter- 
minal ventral segments swollen, extending to the extremity 
of the abdomen, the terminal one emarginate at the tip. 
Tegmiua small, oval, with a moderately raised conical 
tubercle near the base ; the inner edge, as well as a spot 
near the base, obscure red. The wings have the costal 
ai'ea blackish brown, varied with obscure paler greyish 
spots, with a reddish tinge along the fore and inner margin ; 
posterior area black, with a curved row of pale blue spots 
near the apex. Under side of the body and of the femora 
tinged with green, except the metasternura, which is brick- 
red. The tibiae slightly annulated with obscure paler 
marks. 

The female is much larger and more robust. The head 
and pro- and mesothorax greyish obscure, the latter finely 
granulated, varied with blackish markings. The antennae 
with a number of pale rings. The tegmina blackish, mot- 
tled with greyish buff, as well as the costal area of the 



wings, the base of which is brown, tessellated towards the 
middle with dirty-buff spots ; a large orange curved fascia 
in the middle, followed by the curved row of blue spots as 
in the male. The legs are alternately banded with buff and 
blackish brown ; the three terminal segments of the abdo- 
men are simple, with a curved upper outline. The opercu- 
lum is but little swollen, and extends considerably beyond 
the extremity of the abdomen ; it is acutely bifid at its tip, 
and is accompanied within by two elongated horny append- 
ages bifid at the tip, the upper apex acute and elongated. 

Plate XXVIII. Fir;, g. The male, of the natural size. 5 a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 6 a. The appendages 
of the operculum seen from above. 6 b. The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen laterally. 



69. (402.) Necroscia pulchella. 

Mas. Mesothorace subelongato, duabus lineis longitudi- 
nalibus nigris notato ; alls obscuris, infra medium fusces- 
centibus, lineis duabus luteis inter singulum nervorum par, 
apice nigro-velutinis macula media flava, juxta aream anti- 
cam producta ; area antica fuscescente, nervis tribus mediis 
IcCte viridibus ; capite inermi, ocellis nullis ; antennis ni- 
gris ; pedibus viridibus, femorum angulis duobus superiori- 
bus nigris. 

Long. corp. 13'"; proth. 1'"; mesoth. 2'"; alar. 8^'". 

Phasma (Necroscia) pulchellum, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 120. pL 15. f. 5, mas. 

nab. In Sumatra (Dp i7a«?i) ; Sarawak (^Fa//aee). In 
Mus. Lugduneusi et W. W. Saunders. 

70. (403.) Necroscia Tages, JJ'estw. 
Plate XVIII. fig. 1, male. 

Gracilis ; mesothorace abbreviato ; alls maximis ; capite 
fulvo ; pro- et mesothorace virescentibus nigro maculatis ; 
tegminibus subquadratis, viridibus, carina media rufa, alls 
nigricantibus, basi fasciaque subapicali maculari alba ; area 
costali antice viridi, vena mediana nifa, postice nigra venulis 
viridibus ; abdomine brunneo, segmentis apicalibus latera- 
liter flavo variegatis. 

Long. corp. unc. 2; cap. lin. 2; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. 
lin. 2f ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 11 -|- lin. 3 = lin. 14 ; 
tegm. lin. 2\; alse, lin. 19 ; alar, expans. unc. 3, lin. 5. 

Hab. In India orientali. In Mus. Hopeiano Oxonise 
(olim nostr.). 

I obtained the only specimen which I have seen of this 
beautiful species from a large Indian Collection consigned 
to Air. S. Stevens for sale ; it is remarkable for the small 



PHASMID^. NECROSCIA. 



153 



size of the head, the abbreviated mesothorax, short legs, 
and very large wings, as well as for the various colours of 
the latter. The head is small and convex, destitute of 
ocelli, fulvous, with a black spot on each side behind the 
eyes. The antennae are black, with the two basal joints 
luteous green. The extremities are broken off at nearly 
an inch from the base. The prothorax is nearly equal in 
size to the head ; it is green, with the anterior lateral angles, 
two contiguous spots in the middle of the fore margin, a 
spot on each side above the insertion of the fore legs, and a 
spot on the middle of the hind margin black. The meso- 
thorax is short and rather narrowed in front, having a 
shght constriction close to the fore margin ; it is slightly 
rugose, green, with two spots on the disc towards the fore 
margin, a slender lateral line on each side, and a transverse 
spot near the hind margin black. The tegmina are broad, 
nearly square, with the angles rounded oif, green, rugose, 
with a strongly angulated red carina. The wings are very 
large ; the costal area green in front ; the strong midrib 
red, furcate beyond the middle ; the hind part black, with 
the numerous transverse veinlets green ; membranous area 
brownish black, with a large basal spot and a subapical row 
of oval spots white. The abdomen is long and slender, 
chestnut-brown, with the junction of the segments, as well 
as the sides of the terminal segments, yellow. The legs 
are rather short and simple ; the tarsi with the basal joint 
as long as the three following taken together. Body be- 
neath luteous ; the three terminal ventral segments reach- 
ing to the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment, not 
swollen ; the articulations indistinct *, two curved thin 
appendages extending beyond the tip ; the anal styles of 
moderate size, extending beyond the extremity of the 
body. 

Plate XVIII. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. la. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 



71. (404.) Necroscia Sparaxes, Westw. 

Plate IX. fig. 6, male. 

Plate XX. fig. 4, female. 

Elongata, inermis, rufescenti-albida, Isevis, hand nitida ; 

capite et thorace tenuiter villosis, capitis vertice et meso- 

noto lineis tribus nigris ; prothorace linea unica mediana ; 

tegmiuibus breviter ovalibus, in medio carinatis et angulato- 

elevatis ; alls hyalinis, venis longitudinalibus fuscis, trans- 

versis late fusco tinctis, area costali fulvo-lutea, basi obscu- 

* The slight appearance of articulations induces me to consider this 
specimen as a male, although the unswoUen structure of these seg- 
ments might be supposed to indicate a female. 



riore, vena media simplici in S , furcata in 5 ; pedibus bre- 
vioribus, inermibus, parum villosis (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. If; cap. lin. 1| ; anten. lin. 16; 
protli. lin. 1|; mesoth. lin. 3; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. 
lin. KH -I- lin. 2 = lin. 12^ ; tegm. lin. 1 \ ; alar, expans. 
unc. 2. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 2^ ; anten. unc. 2 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. A\ ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. 
lin. 17 + lin. 3 = lin. 20 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 4 J. 

Hab. Insula Ceylon. Mus. Templeton. India orient. 
(^Doinina Hamilton). Mus. Ent. Soc. Lond. 

Distinguished by its long and narrow form, destitute of 
spines, with the legs rather short and simple, and the wings 
large and reticulated. General colour reddish buff. The 
head with a slender black line dovra the middle, and one 
on each side behind the eyes. The antennse long and 
slender, especially beyond the middle, with very numerous 
short joints ; they, as well as the legs and anterior part of 
the body, are finely villose. The pro- and mesothorax have 
a fine black line down the centre, and the latter has also 
a fine line on each side within the lateral margin of the 
mesonotum. The tegmina are small and shortly ovate, 
strongly carinated down the middle, which is elevated into 
an angle a little before the centre of the carina. The wings 
are large and rather hyaline, with the longitudinal veins 
brown ; all the transverse veins widely bordered with a 
brown shade, which becomes confluent towards the tips of 
the wings ; the costal area fulvous buff, rather darker at 
the base in the female, and slightly clouded with darker 
shades. The legs are rather short and simple, and marked 
with several very fine dark longitudinal lines ; the tarsi 
have the basal joint as long as the three following. The 
abdomen is reddish brown, with several fine dark longitu- 
dinal lines ; that of the male is narrow and of nearly uni- 
form width ; the seventh joint rather narrowed ; the ninth 
wider, with the posterior lateral angles rounded off; the 
terminal ventral segments are scarcely swollen, the eighth 
and ninth being confluent and pointed at the tip, which 
does not extend beyond the eighth dorsal segment ; the 
anal styles are prominent, slender, and obtuse at the 
tips. 

The female has the extremity of the body gradually 
attenuated, the terminal joint being bifid at the tip, with 
the anal styles protruded backwards and placed close 
together, giving the appearance of an extra minute joint. 
The operculum is but moderately swollen, and extends to 
the middle of the ninth dorsal segment, its apex being 
bifid. 



i54 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Plate IX. Fig. G. The male, of the natural size. 6 o. The 
terminal segments seen sideways, 6 b. The same seen from 
beneath. 

Plate XX. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways, with the 
extremity of the operculum separately represented. 



72. (405.) Necroscia Virbius, Westw. 
Plate XVI. fig. 2, male. 

Virescenti-lutescens, obscura ; capita majori, postice ele- 
vato ; mesothorace in medio supra bituberculato ; tegmini- 
bus brevibus, subovatis, acute cariuatis et iu medio angu- 
latis ; alis fuscis, basi extreme Itete viridi, apice pallida 
margiuato, area costali sublutea ; abdomine filiformi, rufo, 
apica inflato, cercis analibus latis, brevibus ; pedibus graci- 
libus, simplicibus (mas). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. If ; cap. lin. 1| ; anten. lin. 17 ; 
proth. lin. 1^ ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdora. lin. 
10 + lin. 2=lin. 12 ; tagm. lin. 2; alar, expans. unc. 2\. 

Hab. In Malacca {D. Wallace). In Mus. W. W. Saun- 
ders. 

I have only saan a single male of this pretty spacies, the 
general colour of which is pale obscure greenish lutesceut ; 
it is smooth and destitute of spines or tubercles, except two 
small conical tubercles on the mesonotum rather beyond the 
middle. The head is considerably wider than the prothorax, 
with the eyas vary prominent ; the hind part of the crown is 
somewhat conically elevated. The antennae are long, very 
slender, and with the joints scarcely distinguishable. The 
mesonotum has a fine central longitudinal carina, and on 
each side below the raised lateral margin is a short red line 
running to the base of the tagmina. The tagmina are small, 
short, subovate, rather sharply carinatad down the middle, 
and with the centre angulated ; they are brown, with the 
veins pale, and forming a strongly reticulated surface. The 
wings are large, pale brown, the extreme base of a delicate 
green colour, and the apex pale along the margin ; the 
transverse veins are rather widely stained with rather darker 
brown ; the costal area is dirty luteous, with the longitu- 
dinal veins greenish, the principal vein not being furcate. 
The abdomen is long, filiform, smooth, and of a red co- 
lour, knobbed at the extremity ; the three apical ventral 
segments being considerably swollen, and extending nearly 
to the extremity of the ninth dorsal segment ; the anal 
styles are short, broad, curved, and somewhat forcipate. 
The legs are of moderate length, slender, simple, and of a 
greenish Intescent colour ; the basal joint of the tarsi about 
as long as the three succeeding joints. 



Plate XVI. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 
head, pro- and mesothorax seen sideways. 2 6. The ter- 
luinal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 2 c. The 
last segment with the anal styles seen from behind. 

73. (406.) Necroscia Herniis, Westw. 
Plate XVI. fig. 3, male. 

Parva, capita magno, mesothorace breviori ; inermis ; 
viridis, pro- et mesothorace flavo maculatis ; tegminibus 
parvis, ovalibus, supra acute angulatis ; alarum area costali 
viridi, linea longituJinali flavescenti, margine antico ob- 
scuro, area postica infuniata ; abdomine rufo ; antennis 
pedibusque obscure rufis, tarsis albidis. 

Long. corp. lin. 18 ; cap. lin. li ; proth. lin. 1^ ; mesoth. 
lin. If; matath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 7^-flin. 2i=lin. 10 ; 
tagm. lin. 1^; alar, expans. lin. 26. 

Hab. In Malacca {D. Wallace). In Mns. W.W. Saun- 
ders. 

Of this pretty little species I have only seen a single 
male, of which the hind legs ware wanting. It is smooth, 
and destitute of spines or tubercles. The head, pro- and 
mesothorax, tegmina, and costal area of the wings are 
green ; the mesothorax obscure greenish brown ; the abdo- 
men red ; the lags obscure reddish, with the tarsi pale buff. 
The head is larger than the prothorax, very convex, and 
elevated at the hind margin, glossy, with the ayes veiy 
prominent, and having a yellow longitudinal line on each 
side behind the eye. The antennae are long and slender, 
brownish, paler at the base. The prothorax is small, 
glossy, with two yellow spots in front and a larger broader 
one behind. The mesothorax is not half as long again as 
the prothorax ; it is narrowed towards the base, which is 
ornamented above with a yellow spot, and the hinder part 
with a yellow line on each side. The tegmina are small, 
nearly oval, strongly angulated above in the middle near 
the base, green, with a pale line on the outside of the an- 
gulated ridge. The wings large, brown ; the costal area 
green, with a pale longitudinal line ; the fore margin dusky ; 
the chief vein is simple. The abdomen is long, subclavate, 
brownish red ; the eighth dorsal segment much larger than 
the ninth, which is small and semiovate ; the anal styles 
large, axsertad, and thickened at the tips ; the three termi- 
nal ventral segments are moderately swollen, the ninth not 
extending to the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment. 
The legs are simple, slander, and of moderate length (the 
hind ones wanting) ; the femora and tibiae obscura on the 
outside, dull reddish on the inside; the tibiae dark at the 
tips, and the tarsi pale buff. 

Plate XVI. Fig. 3. The male, of the natural size. 3 a. The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 



PHASMID^. NECROSCIA. 



155 



74. (407.) Necroscia Cyllarus, JJ'esfw. 
Plate XIII. fig. 2, male. 
Plate XIV. fig. 5, female. 

Eloiigata, siibcylindrica, fusco-albida ; capita, pro- et 
mesonotis fusco vittatis, antennis pedibusque fusco varie- 
gatis ; mesonoto brevi, subi'ugoso ; ocellis nullis ; tegmi- 
nibus parvis, subquadratis ; alis limpidis, vix fusco tinctis, 
area costali albido-fusca ; pedibus loiigitudine mediocribus 
(mas et fcem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, liu. 18 ; cap. liu. 1^ ; anten. lin. 10 ; 
proth. lin. li ; mesoth. lin. 2 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 
8 + lin. 2=lin. 10 ; tegm. lin. 1^; alar, expans. lin. 23. 

Long. Corp. foem. uuc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 2^; anten. unc. 2 ; 
proth. lin. 2J; mesoth. lin. 4; metath. lin. 6; abdom. 
lin. 9-f lin. 4=lin. 13; tegm. liu. 4 ; alar, expans. unc. 4. 

Hab. In Jamaica. B.M. 

Elongate, subcylindrical, pale brownish buff. The male 
slender ; the eyes prominent ; head with three fine longitu- 
dinal lines on the crown, and one on each side behind the 
eyes. Mesothorax short. Tegmina small, rather ovate ; 
carina forming an elevated rounded lobe near the base. 
Antennae and legs grey, much varied with black. Wings 
slightly stained with brown ; costal area brown, with the 
fore edge darker brown ; principal vein in the latter furcate 
near the base in both sexes. Abdomen with the seventh 
and eighth segments short, with a dark furcate mark on each 
side ; the ninth larger, subquadrate, slightly emarginated at 
its apex ; anal styles deflexed, obtuse ; three terminal ven- 
tral segments but slightly swollen, agreeing in length with 
the dorsal ones. 

Female much larger and more robust. The antennae 
extend to beyond the middle of the abdomen ; at first 
sight they appear to be only 23-jointed, but the last ten 
joints are multiarticulate, so that these organs, in fact, 
consist of about 70 joints. Crown of head with three 
dark longitudinal lines, the middle one strongest. The 
pro- and mesonotum pale at the sides, with a dark median 
line ; anterior division of the metanotum with a conical 
dark mark in the middle. Mesonotum granulose. Teg- 
mina subquadrate, narrowed at the base ; carina strongly 
arched and elevated. Wings semitransparent, with pale 
luteous-brown veins ; costal area pale luteous brown ; chief 
vein furcate. Abdomen simple ; three terminal segments 
narrowed ; anal styles porrected ; sixth ventral segment 
trifid at its extremity. Operculum moderately swollen, ex- 
tending to the extremity of the abdomen. Legs rather 
short and simple ; tarsi short, with the basal joint not longer 
than the three following. 
Plate XIII. Fig. 2. The male, of the natural size. 2 a. The 



terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 2 h. The 
last segment seen from behind. 
Plate XIV. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 5 a. The 
four terminal segments of the body seen from beneath. 
5 b. The same seen laterally. 



75. (408.) Necroscia maciilicoUis. 

Fusca ; capite et thorace supra alhidis, hoc fusco ma- 
culato, alarum area costali luteo brunneoque subvariegata ; 
parte postica fusca, basi extremo puniceo ; capite supra in 
tuberculum conicum apice rotundato producto ; antennis 
albido annulatis ; mesothorace (prothorace duplo longiori) 
in medio bituherculato, tegmiuibus ad humeros angulato- 
elevatis ; abdomine elongato, cercis analibus divergentibus ; 
oviductu brevi, simplici ; pedibus simplicibus (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 17 ; cap. lin. 1 ; anten. lin. 19 ; 
proth. lin. I ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 3 ; abdom. lin. 
10-t-lin. 2=lin. 12; tegm. lin. 1^; alar, expans. lin. 22. 

Long, corp, foem. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2^ ; anten. lin. 18 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 4\ ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. 
Hn. 17 + lin. 3=lin. 20 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Phasma (Necroscia) maculicollis, Westw. Cabinet Orient. 

Ent. p. 77. pi. 38. f. 2. 

nab. Assam, Sylhet {Major Jenkins) ; Java (Hors- 
field). B.M., &c. 

76. (409.) Necroscia hilaris. 

Lsete viridis, alis (nisi area costali viridi) fuscis, teg- 
minibus externe flavo marginatis ; abdomine rufo ; capite 
inermi, convexo ; prothorace simplici, mesothorace (protho- 
race vix longiori) bituherculato ; humeris tegminum in 
tuberculum elevatis ; alis abdominis longitudine ; pedibus 
simplicibus, parum elongatis ; oviductu brevi, simplici. 

Long. corp. unc. 2\ ; cap. lin. 2\ ; anten. unc. 2\ ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. C ; abdom. lin. 
12-|-lin. 3 = llu. 15 ; tegm. lin. 2| ; alar, expans. unc. 4. 

Phasma (Necroscia) hilare, Westwood, Cab. Orient. Ent. 

p. 77. pi. 38. f. 1. 

Hab. Assam {Lieut. Robinson). In Mus. Hopeiano 
Oxonise (olim nostr.). 



77. (410.) Necroscia Sangarius, Westw. 

P^ATE XXXV. figs. 4 & 5, males. 

Plate XVII. fig. 6, female. 

Griseo-fusca, obscura ; mesothorace brevi, grannlato, 

postice latiori, tuberculisque duobus magnis rotundatis no- 

tato ; prothoracis margine postico sanguineo ; tegmiuibus 

brevibus, subquadratis, nigro tessellatis, tuberculo carinse 

X 2 



156 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



valde elevato et rotundato ; alls magnis, fumosis, transverse 
valde reticulatis, area costali fusco-lutea, scriebus quinque 
longitudinalibus inacularum parvarum nigrarutn notata ; 
pedibus brevibus, femoribus anticis rectis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2^; cap. lin. 2; anten. — ?; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 3^ ; metath. lin. 5| ; abdom. 
lin. 14 + lin. 3 = Iin. 17; tegm. lin. 2j; alar, expans. unc. 4. 

Hah. Mount Ophir and Borneo, Sarawak (D. TT'allace) ; 
Pulo Penang. Li Mus. W. W. Saunders et Westermaun. 

This very remarkable species is well distinguished by its 
straight anterior femora, its short square spotted tegmina, 
and its large multivenose wings with the pale brown costal 
area spotted with black. The head of the female is mo- 
derately large, rather convex, with three slender dark lines 
on the hind part of the crown. The antcnnse are slender ; 
but the tips in the unique female which I have seen are 
broken ofiF. The prothorax has its anterior lateral angles 
truncated and incised ; its slender hind margin is bright 
scarlet. The mesothorax is not more than one and a half 
times the length of the prothorax ; it is slender in front, 
two-thirds of its hinder portion being widened, its disc gra- 
nulose, and the anterior portion of the dilated part with 
two large rounded tubercles. The tegmina are short, sub- 
quadrate, brown, each with about six small black spots ; 
the tubercle of the carina is very prominently elevated and 
obtuse. The wings are very large, pale smoky-coloured, the 
membranous portion very thickly and transversely veined ; 
the costal area is fulvous brown, the second vein furcate, 
each of the longitudinal veins bearing a series of small 
round black spots. The abdomen is rather wide ; the two 
terminal segments small, the last entire ; the caudal styles 
rather short and obtuse. The operculum extends nearly 
to the extremity of the body ; its tip is emarginate ; the 
sixth ventral segment is entire along its hind margin. The 
legs are short, rather robust, and unarmed ; the anterior 
femora are straight, being in nowise emarginate at the base ; 
the basal joint of the tarsi is about as long as the three 
following joints united. 

Plate XVII. Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 6 a. 
The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

The insect which I consider to be the male of this spe- 
cies is contained in the Collection of Mr. Westermann of 
Copenhagen, and is represented in PI. XXXV. fig. 5. It 
is of an obscure luteo-fulvous colour ; the mesothorax with 
a green fascia in front ; the tegmina and costal area of the 
wings marked with numerous small round greenish-black 
dots ; the membranous portion nearly pellucid, and scarcely 
tinged with brown ; the veins very slender, but distinct ; 



the median vein of the costal area is simple, but it is united 
with the next at a short distance from the tip of the wing ; 
the antennae are slightly annulated with whitish. 

Plate XXXV. Fig. 5. The male, of the natural size. 5 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

A variety of the male of this species has been sent from 
Sarawak by Mr. Wallace. It is represented in PI. XXXV. 
fig. 4, and is slender and of a fulvous-brown colour ; the 
head very convex ; eyes very prominent ; antennae very 
long and slender, brown, not annulated with white, the 
base luteous ; the pro- and mesothorax granulated, the 
latter twice the length of the former, with two-thirds of 
its hind portion elevated, the anterior part of the elevated 
portion slightly bituberculated. The membrane connect- 
ing the head and prothorax and the pro- and mesothorax 
is briglit scarlet ; the mesothorax is also distinguished 
by a narrow green margin in front. The tegmina are 
nearly square, strongly carinated, reddish brown, with the 
veins slender and pale fulvous, forming reticulations. The 
wings are uniform smoky brown ; the costal area fulvous 
brown, with the transverse veins slender, placed very regu- 
larly at short equal distances apart, and pale luteous ; the 
median vein simple. The abdomen is brown ; the extre- 
mity much swollen beneath, paler luteous. The fore legs 
are wanting in the only specimen I have seen ; the middle 
and hind ones slender, sanguineous, with the articulation 
between the femora and tibiae pale buff. Its proportions 
are as follows : — 

Long. Corp. lin. 20 ; cap. lin. 1^ ; anten. lin. 21 ; proth. 
lin. 1|^; mesoth. lin. 2^ ; metath. lin. 3f ; abdom. lin. 8^^ 
-|-liu. 2^1in. 10^; tegm. lin. 1^; alar, expans. unc. 2^. 

A female, also sent from Sarawak in Borneo by Mr. Wal- 
lace, which I presume to be a variety of this species, is 
more brunneous, without any tinge of green. The meso- 
thorax shorter and broader, with the entire disc and an- 
terior angles more elevated and rugose. The tegmina also 
broader, brown, with all the veins not quite so pale, but 
destitute of black dots. The wings rather pink at base ; 
the costal area without black dots ; the membranous por- 
tion richer brown, with the transverse veins not so strongly 
marked. The legs red-brown, with the femora green at 
the tips. The prothorax with the hind margin scarlet. 

The length of the insect is 2-^ inches, and the expanse 
of the wings 4|. 

Plate XXXV. Fig. 4. The variety of the male, of the na- 
tural size. 4 a. The terminal segments of the abdomen 

seen sideways. 



PHASMID.E. NECROSCIA. 



157 



78. (411.) Necroscia Medora, /Fm^w. 
Plate XXVII. fig. 1 a, male ; fig. 1, female. 

Elongata, opaca, rirescenti, lutescenti et nigricanti varia ; 
capite, pro- et mesouotis acute granulatis ; capite valde 
convexo ; antennis brevioribus, luteo irregulariter annu- 
latis ; mesonoto pronoto vis dimidio longiori, ante me- 
dium tuberculis duobus acutis armato ; tegminibus sub- 
quadratis, ad medium carinfe valde elevato-rotundatis ; alis 
fuscis, area costali pedibusque nigro, viridi luteoque variis, 
his perbrevibus. Mas gracilior. (Mas et foem.) 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 22; cap. lin. 1^ ; anten. — ? ; 
proth. lin. li ; mesoth. lin. 2|; metath. lin. 3y ; abdom. 
lin. 10 -I- lin. 3 = lin. 13; tegm. lin. 2; alar, expans. 
unc. 2\. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2| ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. — ?; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. Hn. 3 ; metath. Un. 6 ; abdom. lin. 
14 -t- lin. 4=lin. 18 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, espans. unc. 3J. 

Hab. Sarawak, Borneo {D. WaUace). In Mus. W. W. 
Saunders. 

This species is at once distinguished by its short bi- 
tuberculated mesonotum, and short broad tegmina very 
strongly elevated between the base and middle, and the 
numerous minute spines on the front parts of the body. 
The head is rounded, very gibbose ; eyes very prominent ; 
hinder part of the crown armed with several rows of mi- 
nute spines. The antenuse are short ; the joints slender, 
short, and very numerous ; they are dark brown, annulated 
with buif, the annuli being near together towards the base. 
The pronotum has the anterior lateral angles acute and 
porrected, and the disc is furnished with a few acute gra- 
nules. The mesothorax is not twice the length of the pro- 
thorax ; it is widened behind, especially in the female, and 
is furnished with numerous small tubercular spines, the disc 
being armed with two elevated grauulose tubercles a little 
in advance of the middle. In the male the mesothorax is 
comparatively more elongated than in the female. The 
metathorax is longer than the mesothorax (being nearly 
double its length in the female) . The tegmina are nearly 
square, with the angles rounded (those of the male being 
rather longer than those of the female) ; the elevation of 
the carina is very strongly raised and rounded, esjiecially 
in the female ; the veins are pale buff and finely reticulated. 
The vrings are large and brown, with the longitudinal veins 
rather darker ; the costal area is mottled with black, green, 
and obscure buff; the chief longitudinal vein is simple in 
the male, but furcate in the female. The legs are short 
(comparatively longer in the male), slender, and simple ; 
the anterior femora very slightly sinuated at the base. The 
abdomen of the male is slender, linear, and clavate at the 



extremity, the eighth segment being much the widest, and 
the ninth short and nearly straight at its extremity, with 
the sides rounded off ; the anal styles are rather thick, por- 
rected, curved, and obtuse at the tips ; tlie three terminal 
ventral segments are considerably swollen, and scarcely ex- 
tend beyond the base of the ninth dorsal segment. The 
abdomen of the female is gradually narrowed ; the three 
terminal dorsal segments carinated ; the ovipositor is 
scarcely swollen, and extends to about the middle of the 
ninth dorsal segment. 

Plate XXVII. Fig. 1 a. The male, of the natural size, with 

the legs and wings removed. 1 b. The extremity of the 

body of the male. 
Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. 1 c. The front part 

of the body seen sideways. 1 d. The extremity of the body 

seen sideways. 



79. (412.) Necroscia Westermanni, JJ'estw. 
Plate XXXVIII. fig. 3, female. 

Robusta ; capite valde convexo, mesothorace abbreviate, 
subconico, supra bituberculato ; tegminibus parvis, planis, 
subquadratis, carina versus basin valde elevata ; viridis, 
opaca, Isevis ; capite antice luteo-fusco ; pro- et mesothorace 
obscure viridibus, ad marginem anticum sanguineo fasciatis ; 
alis fuscis, albo valde fasciatis, fasciis angustis, et prope mar- 
ginem analem magis distinctis, area costali viridi, basi ob- 
scuriore ; abdomine nigro, luteo late fasciato ; pedibus bre- 
vibus, luteo-fuscis, femoribus anticis rectis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2^^ ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. lin. 17 ; 
proth. Hn. 1^ ; mesoth. lin. 2j ; metath. lin. 5^ ; abdom. 
lin. 12-f lin. 4 = lin. 16 ; tegm. lin. 3 ; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Hab. Pulo Penaug. In Mus. D. Westermanni Havnise. 

The female of this beautiful species is unique in the Col- 
lection of Mr. Weslermann of Copenhagen, a gentleman 
who possesses one of the most beautiful collections of in- 
sects in existence, a large portion of which was collected 
by himself in Asia and Africa. It is closely allied to the 
female of N. Medoia (PI. XXVII. fig. 1), but differs in 
the smooth anterior portions of the body, short legs, and 
tessellated wings. The body is comparatively robust, espe- 
cially in the region of the metathorax ; it is smooth, green, 
and opake . The head obovate ; eyes very prominent ; 
ocelli obsolete. Antennae very slender, of moderate length, 
and brown ; hind part of head very convex, unarmed, the 
fore part luteo-fuscous. The prothorax is short. The meso- 
thorax subconieal ; it is swollen above in the middle into two 
raised lobes terminating in points ; it and the prothorax are 
obscure green, with a slender transverse sanguineous mem- 
brane in front of each. The tegmina are broad, flat, with 



158 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



the carina strongly raised towards the base, forming a large 
obtuse lobe ; the reticulation is indistinct. The wings are 
large and brown, with very numerous, narrow, transverse, 
irregular, white undulating fascicc, most distinct towards 
the anal margin ; the apex of the wing and the portion of 
membrane between the two areas white ; costal area green, 
with the base darker ; the median vein furcate. The meta- 
notum and abdomen are black ; the latter with wide lu- 
teous fasciae occupying the bases of the segments ; the two 
terminal segments are very convex ; the operculum scarcely 
swollen, extending to about the middle of the ninth dorsal 
segment ; anal styles porrected and obtuse. The under 
side of the body and legs are luteo-fuscous ; the latter are 
setose and simple, short and slender, with the basal joint of 
the tarsi short. 
Plate XXXVIII. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 

3 a. The head and front of the tliorax seen sideways. 3 b. 

The terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

80. (413.) Necroscia biguttata. 

Olivaceo-viridis, articulationibus corporis incarnatis ; ely- 
tris gutta basali alba, alarum area antica nigro punctata, 
postica infuscata (mas). 

Long. corp. maris, lin. 23 ; cap. lin. 1 ; anten. lin. 21 ; 
proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 3^ ; abdom. 
lin. 11 + lin. 2J = lin. 13^; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 2^. 

Phasnia biguttatum, Burmeister, Handh. d. Ent. ii. 586. 
Phasma (Necroscia) biguttatum, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 118. 

Hab. In Borneo. In Mus. Berol. 

The typical specimen of this species (which is allied to 
N. Sangarius), described by Burmeister, is in the Berlin 
Museum. It is a male. The head is short and very gib- 
bose ; the antennae long, with six white fascise ; the meso- 
thorax has two small whitish spots in the middle ; the 
terminal segments of the body are considerably dilated. 



81. (414.) Necroscia gularis. 

Mesothorace breviore, duplicem lougitudinem protho- 
racis aequante ; ocellis nullis ; thorace et tegminibus fascia 
laterali flava ; alls pallide roseis. 

Long. Corp. lin. 22 ; cap. lin. 1^ ; proth. lin. I5 ; mesoth. 
lin. 2\ ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 12 ; tegm. lin. 2^ ; 
alar, expaps. unc. 2'^. 

Phasma (Necroscia) gulare, (Hugenhuch, MS.) De Haan, 
Orthopt. Orient, p. 122. 
Hah. In Borneo. 



The dimensions given above are taken from the typical 
specimen preserved in the Ley den Museum. 

82. (415.) Necroscia nigro-fasciata. 

Mesothorace breviore, duplicem lougitudinem prothoracis 
sequante ; ocellis nullis ; thorace, tegminibus absque mar- 
gine laterali nigro notatis. 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 18 ; cap. lin. 1 ; anten. lin. 12 ; 
proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. lin. 2 ; metath. lin. 3^ ; abdom. 
lin. 8 + liu. 2 = lin. 10 ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. unc. 2. 

Phasma (Necroscia) nigro- fasciatum. Be Haan, Orthopt. 
Orient.^. 122. 
Hab. Singalang ; Sumatra ; Batang. 

The typical specimen in the Leyden Museum is a male ; 
but the terminal segments of the body are only sUghtly 
dilated ; the anterior femora are straight at the base ; the 
hinder area of the wings is pale fleshy. 

Genus 34. METRIOTES, Westw. 

Platycrana, pars, G. R. Graij {Si/n. Phasm. p. 36). 

Burmeister (Handh. d. Ent. p. 581). 

Be Haan {Orthopt. Orient, p. 124). 
Phasma (pars, nee Platycrana), Serville, H. N. Orthopt. 

Body long, slender, with long equal-sized wings in both 
sexes. Head porrected, flat, occasionally spined, destitute 
of ocelli. Antennse long and slender, or of moderate 
length. Thorax cylindrical or angulated ; mesothorax 
twice or thrice the length of the prothorax, occasionally 
spined. Tegmina elongate-ovate, generally about one-third 
of the length of the wings. Wings large in both sexes ; 
median vein of the costal area generally furcate. Legs 
long, or moderately long and slender ; fore femora occa- 
sionally rather dilated. Abdomen elongated, flattened ; 
anal styles abbreviated. 

Inhabit South America. 

These insects are distinguished from most of the pre- 
ceding by the more elongated tegmina, which are, however, 
much shorter than in some of the subsequent genera ; 
hence the name here proposed for the present group. 
They are united by Burmeister and De Haan with Bin- 
elytron, to which they are perhaps too closely allied. The 
three insects placed by Serville in his genus Platycrana 
belong to three separate groups, whilst his first section of 
Phasma comprises the species of Platycrania which bears 
his name. If Cayenne, and not Amboyua, be the real 

j country of Ph. acanthoptermn of Stoll, it ought to find a 
place in the present group. 

I The genus, as proposed by Mr. G. R. Gray, comprises 



PHASMIDJE. METRIOTES. 



159 



several distinct groups ; and it is here confined to the spe- 
cies placed by him at the end of the genus and their allies. 

1. (416.) Metriotes StoUii. 

Fusca ; alarum area costali obsolete 3-fasciata, area pos- 
tica venis transversis late fuscis, hac versus basin nigra, 
basi ipsa pallide virescenti ; mesothorace spinis C per paria 
dispositis ; abdominis segmentis basalibus macula oblouga 
media postice dilatata nigra notatis (foera.). 

Long. corp. 3" 8'" ; anten. 1" 18'" ; alar, expans. 5" 2'". 

Phasma reticulata, Stoll, Spectr. pi. 23. f. 85. 
Platycrana Stollii, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 38. 

Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 582 (nee Ph. reti- 
culata, Pal. Beaiiv. pi. 14. f. 5). 
Hab. America meridiouali (Bunn.). 

2. (417.) Metriotes Blanchardi. 

" Obscure viridis, antennis nigro flavoque annulatis, ca- 
pite liueis quinque nigris ; thorace linea media nigra ; ely- 
tris obscure viridibus, nervis dilutioribus ; alis diaphaiieis ; 
parte coriacea viridi ; pedibus viridibus, femorum tibiarum 
tarsorumque articuli primi apice nigris." 

Long. 65 mill. ; envergure 1 1 centim. 

Phasma reticulatum, Blanchard in IfOrbiyny, Voy. Amir. 
Merid. Entomol. p. 215. pi. 2G. f. 7 (nee Ph. reticula- 
tum, Pal. Beauv., nee Ph. reticulata, Stoll). 
Hab. In sylvis in provincia de Chiquitos, odorem mos- 

chatum exhalans. 



3. (418.) Metriotes Santara, JJ'estw. 
Plate XIV. fig. 4, female. 

Elongata, gracilis, subconvexa ; capite 3-ocellato, spi- 
nisque verticalibus armato ; pro- et mesonoto granuloso- 
spinosis ; tegminibus oblongis, apice acuminatis, rugosis, 
carina valde elevata et abrupta ; alis pallide fuscis ; pedibus 
brevibus, femoribus anticis subfoliaceis. 

Long. corp. unc. 3^; cap. lin. 2^ ; proth. lin. 2 J ; me- 
soth. lin. 4|; metath. lin. 6 ; abdora. lin. 19 + lin. 3^ = 
lin. 22|; tegm. lin. 7 ; alee, hn. 25 ; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Hab. In Brasilia, Santarem (D. Bates). B.M. 

Brown, obscure ; the metathorax and abdomen glossy ; 
the head, tegmina, and costal area of the wings dirty green. 
Head rather larger than the prothorax, subovate ; ocelli 3, 
placed between the eyes ; vertex with a double row of 
small spines, the anterior being the largest. Antennae 
about an inch and a half long, 40-jointed, the middle joints 
long ; the ten or twelve apical ones very short. Prothorax 
with its hinder division furnished with several minute spines 
in pairs. Mesothorax short, with the sides nearly ])arallel. 



with two rows of small spines along the middle of the back 
and with several along the flanks. Tegmina as long as the 
pro- and mesothorax, rugose and uneven, the apex suddenly 
acuminated ; the carina very strong, and raised into a 
suddenly elevated lobe extending to the middle of the teg- 
mina. Wings large ; costal area brown, with the base pale 
dusky and slightly clouded, the chief vein twice furcate ; 
posterior area pale dusky. Legs short, with the anterior 
pair dilated along the femora, and slightly varied with pale 
markings. Abdomen elongated, wider than the fore part 
of the body ; terminal joints short and broad, the last trun- 
cate at the tip, with the angles rounded off ; the anal styles 
slightly porrected. The operculum is small and flat, scarcely 
extending beyond the seventh dorsal segment, and followed 
by two small flattened pointed appendages. 

Plate XIV. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 4 «. 
The front of the body seen sideways. 4 b. The terminal seg- 
ments seen from beneath. 4c. The same seen laterally. 

4. (41!).) Metriotes Biibastes, fFci^w. 
Plate XIV. fig. 1, female. 

Elongata, gracilis, subdepressa, ferruginosa ; mesonoto 
lineis nonnullis gracilibus elevatis, spinisque sex teuuibus 
instructo ; tegminibus oblongo-ovatis, versus basin spina 
recurva armatis ; abdomine nitido luteo-fusco, fasciis 5 
nigris ; pedibus et antennis brevibus ; alis fuscis, strigis 
albis inter venulas transversas notatis (foem.). 

Long. corp. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 2 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. 
lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 5i ; abdom. lin. 18 + lin. 4=lin. 22 ; 
tegm. lin. 7; alae, lin. 27 ; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Hab. In Brasilia (Tapajos). B.:M. 

Allied to M. Stollii, but at once distinguished by the 
spines on the tegmina. Long, narrow, subdepressed ; ob- 
scure, except the abdominal segments, which are glossy ; 
red-brown. Head small, subquadrate, subrugose, with four 
small tubercles in a row close to the hind margin. An- 
tennse broken at the distance of eleven lines from the base, 
the part remaining containing 24 joints. Mesothorax 
shorter than the metathorax, narrow, with several fine lon- 
gitudinal raised lines. Tegmina oblong-ovate, dull green ; 
the basal half of the fore margin dull brown, and with two 
black spots on the inner margin ; the carina very strongly 
elevated, its basal angle j)roduced into a strong spine di- 
rected backwards. Wings large, pale yellowish at the 
base ; costal area with the chief vein furcate near the 
base, dull pale greenish brown, slightly varied with dusky 
clouds and black spots and dots ; posterior portion brown, 
with narrow transvei'se pale strigse between the slender 
transverse veins. Legs short, without spines ; fore femora 



160 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



and tibia; compressed and slightly dilated along their whole 
length ; tarsi short, with the basal joint short ; hind legs 
not more than two-thirds the length of the abdomen, which 
is wider than the front of the body, snbdepressed, glossy, 
liiteous brown ; each of the five basal segments with a broad 
black transverse fascia: the terminal segments are not 
narrowed ; they are marked with a dark line on each side ; 
the last joint slightly emarginate, with the anal styles short, 
bnt porrected ; the operculum flat *, and does not extend 
to the extremity of the eighth dorsal segment, and is ac- 
companied by two flattened and slightly curved pointed 
appendages. 

Plate XIV. Fig. 1. The female, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
front of the body seen laterally. 1 b. The three terminal 
segments of the body seen from beneath. 

5. (420.) Metriotes obscura. 

Obscure fusca ; mesonoto medio abdomineque supra ni- 
gris ; capite postice elevato, tuberculato ; pronoto tubercu- 
lato ; mesothorace longitudine capitis cum prothorace, la- 
teribus compressis, dorso tuberculato ; tegminibus ovalibus, 
brunneis, venis nigris, mesothorace paulo longioribus, basin 
versus carina elevata, cum linea obliqua albida ex apice 
partis elevatse ad marginem internum extensa ; alls longi- 
tudine abdominis, area costali brunnea, basin versus nigro 
maculata, guttisque nonnullis ejusdem coloris in disco no- 
tata ; area postica ad basin et marginem apicalem fusco 
tinctis, disco hyalino-albis venis fusco late tinctis ; pedibus 
gracilibus, carinatis, brunneis, nigro submaculatis ; antenuia 
brunneis. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 3, lin. 7. 

Phasma obscurum, Guerin-Meneville in May. Zool. 1838, 
Ins. Orth. pi. 235 ; Voyage de la Favorite, p. 72. 

Be Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 124. 
Hub. Babia, in Brasilia. 



6. (421.) Metriotes Dictys, rres/M). 
Plate XV. fig. 7- 
Tota fulvo-fusca ; capite oblongo, vertice spina parva 
erecta armato ; pro- et mesothorace inermibus ; tegminibus 
ovalibus, singulo spina parva erecta prope basin armato ; 
alis pallide fuscis, area costali paulo obscuriore, vena majori 
bifida ; pedibus brevibus, inermibus, femoribus anticis com- 
pressis. 

Long. corp. unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 2\ ; anten. unc. 2 ; proth. 

* The shortness of this organ might be perhaps considered to indi- 
cate it as the three terminal segments of the male j hut it is not at 
all swollen, nor marked with traces of articulation. 



lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. hn. 5 ; abdom. lin. 14 + 
Hn. 3 = lin. 17 ; tegm. lin. C ; alar, expans. unc. 2^. 
Hub. ? Columbia? In Mus. W. W. Saunders. 

I have seen but a single specimen of the female of this 
species, and am therefore unable to determine whether the 
peculiar circumstance of the head being armed on the right 
side of the crown with a single spine be a permanent spe- 
cific character or not. The general colour is of a reddish 
or fulvous brown, opake, and with the head, pro- and me- 
sothorax very slightly rugose. The head is oblong, con- 
vex, marked on the crown with several dusky hues, and 
armed also on the right side of the centre with a small 
erect spine. The antennae are long, and slightly thickened 
towards the base. The pro- and mesothorax are convex 
and unarmed, the latter scarcely twice the length of the 
former. The tegmina are oval, with the central carina well 
defined towards the base, and armed with a small acute 
erect spine. The wings are of moderate width, very pale 
brown with a reddish tinge ; the costa pale brown, with 
the chief vein furcate. The legs short and shnple ; the 
fore femora dilated ; the anterior tarsi with the basal joint 
as long as the three following united. The abdomen is 
convex ; the three terminal segments narrowed and short- 
ened, the last rounded at the tip, with the anal styles ex- 
posed at the extremity. The operculum is short and flat, 
extending to about the middle of the eighth dorsal segment, 
the inner appendages forming two rows of flattened plates. 

Plate XV. Fi;;. 7- The female, of the natural size. 7 a. The 
head and prothorax seen sideways. 7 6- The terminal seg- 
ments of the abdomen seen from beneath. 

7. (422.) Metriotes Myrsiliis, Westw. 
Plate XV. fig. C, female. 

Olivaceo-fusca, opaca, tenue granulata, granulis albis (in 
verticem longitudinaliter dispositis) ; mesothorace supra 
spinis erectis recurvis armato ; tegminibus ovaUbus, nigro 
venosis ; alis sub-brevioribus, latis, area costali opaca et 
obscura, ante apicem leviter albo irrorata, postica subpellu- 
cida parum fulvescenti, venis longitudinalibus luteo-fulvis ; 
metanoto albido ; pedibus brevibus, inermibus, femoribus 
anticis latioribus (foem.). 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 2i ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. hn. 2j ; 
mesoth. lin. 4^ ; metath. hn. 5 ; abdom. lin. 13 -f lin. 'i\ 
=lin. 16|; tegm. sing. lin. 8 ; alar, expans. unc. 3. 

Hab. Columbia (K. Gaudichaud). In Mus. W.W. Saun- 
ders. 

This species is closely allied to M. Diodes, especially in 
the structure of the terminal segments of the abdomen be- 
neath ; but it is broader and shorter, and the wings exhibit 



PHASMID^. METRIOTES. 



161 



none of the beautiful variegated reticulations of that spe- 
cies. The general colour is dark brown, with a slight ob- 
scure greenish tinge. The head, pro- and mesothorax are 
finely tuberculated, the tubercles being minute and white ; 
those of the head arranged in several longitudinal rows. 
The metathorax is also armed with a number of small 
erect spines, bent backwards at their tips. The antennae 
are rather thickened at the base, with the joints consider- 
ably elongated. The tegmina are oval, obscure brown, with 
the reticulations black and numerous. The wings are shorter 
than in M. Diodes, with the costal area broad, opake, 
brown, paler at the base, and slightly irrorated with white 
towards the tip ; the hinder portion is semipellucid, 
slightly tinged with fulvous, with the longitudinal veins 
fulvo-luteous. The legs are rather short, setose, unarmed ; 
the fore femora slightly dilated ; the basal joint of the tarsi 
short. The abdomen is moderately broad ; the terminal 
segments above carmated down the middle ; the three ter- 
minal segments of nearly equal length, but gradually nar- 
rowed ; the last rounded behind. The operculum is very 
short, not extending beyond the seventh dorsal segment, 
the internal appendages forming two rows of flattened 
plates ; the anal styles exserted and setose. 

Plate XV. Fig. 6. The female, of the natural size. 6 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen from beneath. 



8. (423.) Metriotes Diodes, Westw. 
Plate XV. fig. 1, female. 

Fusca, gracilis ; capite, pro- et mesothorace parum gra- 
nulosis, his supra planis, angulis lateralibus spinulosis ; 
tegminibus ovalibus, sordide luteis, vitta indistincta obscura ; 
alis elongatis, area costali fusco-lutea fusco nebulosa ; area 
postica pellucida, basi extrema caerulea, plaga fusca extus 
cincta, venis transversis fusco nebulosis (mas et fcem.). 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 2| ; cap. lin. If ; anten. unc. 2\ ; 
proth. lin. 1 j ; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. 
lin. 14| -y lin. 3| = lin. 18 ; tegm. sing. lin. 6 ; alar, ex- 
pans, unc. 3^-. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 24 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom. lin. 15 
-|-lin. 5=lin. 20 ; tegm. sing. lin. 9 ; alar, expans. unc. 4i. 

JJab. Columbia (Z>. Gaudichaud) . In Mus. W. W. 
Saimders. 

This species is well distinguished by the beautiful patch 
of pale blue at the base of the posterior area of the wings, 
which is immediately surrounded by a dark brown spot. 
The head is oblong, flattened above, opake, slightl)' rugose, 
and with the hinder part immediately in front of the pro- 



thorax transversely elevated. The antennae of the male 
are as long as the body, and slender, with the joints elon- 
gate ; those of the female are thickened towards the base. 
The head, pro- and mesothorax are dirty luteous, with 
several dusky lines, marked, especially on the head, with 
minute tubercles. The prothorax and mesothorax are flat- 
tened above and granulose, with the lateral angles acutely 
deflexed. The tegmina are oval, about as long as the head, 
pro- and mesothorax united ; they are dirty luteous-coloured, 
with an ill-defined darker streak down the middle, the 
central ridge being but slightly indicated. The wings are 
large ; the costal area obscurely coloured with dirty luteous 
and darker brown cloudings ; the main vein is furcate at a 
short distance from the base ; the posterior area of the 
wings is pellucid, with a small pale blue spot at the base, 
followed by a large dark brown patch, shaded grad\ially off 
behind ; all the transverse veinlets of the wings clouded 
with brown. The legs are rather short, simple, and finely 
hirsute ; the anterior femora subcompressed ; the tarsi short, 
with the basal joint about as long as the second and third 
united. 

The male is much narrower than the female, with the 
legs more slender, and generally of a paler luteous tint. The 
fifth, sixth and seventh segments of the abdomen are gra- 
dually widened ; the eighth short, gradually narrowed, with 
the posterior margin deeply and acutely emarginate in the 
middle ; and the ninth segment is very small and deeply 
notched, with the two anal styles porrected, curved, form- 
ing a small forcipated appendage ; the three terminal seg- 
ments beneath are nearly flat, and the last is rounded at 
its extremity. The abdomen of the female is gradually 
attenuated, with the terminal segments carinated and of 
nearly equal length, the last being bi-emarginate behind, ex- 
posing the porrected anal styles ; the oviduct is veiy short, 
scarcely extending beyond the seventh dorsal segment, the 
interior appendages forming a double series of flattened 
plates. 

Plate XV. Fig. 1 . The female, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen from beneath. 1 b. 
The same seen laterally. 

9. (424.) Metriotes venosa. 

Olivaceo-fusca, antennis (corpore longioribus) pedibus- 
que viridi annulatis ; alarum area antica viridi venosa, pos- 
tica fusca, nervis transversis infuscatis ; capite triocellato ; 
tegminibus tuberculo elevato obtuso subbasali. 

Long. corp. fcem. uuc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 1| ; anten. unc. 3; 
proth. lin. If; mesoth. lin. 3^; metath. lin. A\; abdom. 
liu. 18 ; tegm. lin. 6 ; alar, expans. unc. 4. 



162 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Phasma venosum, Btirmeister, Handb. d. Eiit. ii. 2. 585. 
Be IlauH, Orth. Orient, p. 123. 

Hah. In Brasilia. 

The type of this species is contained in the Royal Mu- 
seum of Berlin, and has supplied the characters and dimen- 
sions given above. It is closely allied to M. Servillei. 

10. (-125.) Metriotes acuticornis. 
Pallida viridis, nigro reticulata ; antennis nigris, albo an- 
nulatis ; capite bicorni, cornubus brevibus acutis et ocellis 
tribus parum distinctis instructo ; mesothorace brevi, sub- 
scabro ; tegminibus lougitudine metauoti, ante medium 
elevatis, areaque costali fasciis obscuris interruptis ; area 
postica alarum uigrescenti ; pedibus subbrevibus ; abdo- 
minis segmentis sex basalibus marginatis, reliquis tribus 
brevioribus. 

'Long. Corp. uuc. 3, lin. 5 ; cap. lin. 2^ ; proth. lin. 2i ; 
mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 8 ; abdom. lin. 20 + lin. 4 = 
lin. 24 ; tegm. lin. 8; alar, expans.unc. 4^. 

Phasma acuticorne, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 26. 

Phasma bicoruuceps, MS. in B.M. 

Hab. In America sequinoctiali. B.M. 

The type of this species is preserved in the British Mu- 
seum, and has supplied the above characters and dimensions 
in addition to those originally given by its describer. De 
Haan considers M. Servillei and brevipennis to be identical ; 
with which opinion, however, I cannot agree. 

11. (426.) Metriotes Servillei, G. R. Gray. 

Obscure viridis ; capitis vertice spinis duabus erectis 
nigris divergentibus arraato ; mesothorace rugoso, luteo 
granulato, carina mediana lougitudinaU vix distincta ; teg- 
minibus longitudiue thoracis, subopacis, fusco-viridibus 
viridi punctulatis, apice venis viridibus, carina mediana di- 
stincta, apice spina terminata ; alls circiter lougitudine abdo- 
minis, obscure viridibus, area costali opaca, venis viridibus ; 
pedibus et autennis viridi et nigro annulatis, his corpore 
longioribus. 

Long. Corp. unc. 3. 

Phasma Servillei, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 26. 

Serville, H.N. Orth. p. 267. 
Phasma annulata, Serville, Ann. So. Nat. sxii. 31 (uec au- 
luilata, Fabr.). 

Guerin, Icon. R. An. Ins. pi. 53. f. 1. 
Griffith, An. K. Ins. pi. 110. f. 1. 
Hab. In Brasiha. 

12. (427.) Metriotes brevipennis. 
Viridi-cinerea ; capite 3-ocellato, utriuque bimaculato, 
vertice spinis duabus gracilibus armato ; tegminibus aiis 



triplo brevioribus, ellipticis, in disco mucronatis ; mesotho- 
race circiter duplo longiore prothorace ; pedibus brevioribus, 
femoribus anticis paulo dilatatis ; autennis focminaj corpore 
multo brevioribus. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2i ; cap. lin. 2 ; auten. lin. 1/ ; 
proth. lin. If ; mesoth. lin. 4 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 
12 -I- lin. 3=lin. 15 ; tegm. lin. 4^ ; alar, expans. unc. 2^. 
Phasma brevipeune, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 584. 

Hab. lu Brasilia interiori. 

De Haan refers this species and M. Servillei to the Pla- 
tycrana acuticornis of G. R. Gray. I am not able to de- 
termine whether Serville's insect be identical therewith, and 
have consequently given it as distinct, although there seems 
to be a great resemblance between the two. A careful exa- 
mination of the type of Burmeister' s species, in the Berlin 
Museum, has, however, satisfied me that there is no identity 
between it and M. acuticornis. 

13. (428.) Metriotes rugicoUis. 

Pallide flavescenti-brunnea ; pro- et mesothorace sca- 
berrimis, tuberculis nigris ; tegminibus basi lineis brevibus 
duabus nigris ; alls flavo-albis, fasciis interruptis et nervis 
juxta basin nigris, basi coccineis ; abdomine nigrescente ; 
pedibus lineis elevatis striatis subhirsutis. 

Long. corp. circ. (apice mutilato) unc. 2f ; cap. lin. 2 ; 
anten. lin. 25 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 4J ; metath. 
lin. 6^ ; abdom. — ? ; segm. 5 basal, lin. 13; tegm. lin. 6; 
alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Phasma rugicollis, Curtis, MS. 

G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 38 (Platycrana r.). 
Phasma licheuale, Burmeister, Handb. d.Ent. ii. 584. 
Hab. In Brasilia; Rio Janeiro. Mus. Curtis. 

I am indebted to Mr. Curtis (in whose collection the 
typical specimen described by Mr. G. R. Gray is still con- 
tained) for an opportunity afforded to Mr. Haliday for 
making a sketch of this species. The type is a male, of 
which the extremity of the abdomen is mutilated. Having 
also examined and drawn the typical specimens of Ph. 
lichenale of Burmeister, in the Berlin Museum, I have 
scarcely any doubt of their identity with Mr. Curtis's in- 
sect. The following are Burmeister's characters of his Ph. 
lichenale : — 

" Viridi-cinereum ; antennis annulatis, alarum area an- 
tica roseo fasciata, postica venis transversis nebulosis ; ely- 
tris tuberculo medio rugoso ; dehinc fascia rosea. 

" Mas. Pedibus mesothoraceque elongatis gracihbus. 

" Foemina. Crassior, robustior ; pedibus brevioribus, fe- 
moribus crassioribus, anticis conipressis. 

" Hab. In Brasilia interiori." 



PHASMID^. DINELYTRON. 



163 



The male is very slender, with longer wings, legs, and 
antennae than those of the female. The tegmina in the 
latter are elongate-ovate, with the median carina rather 
strongly elevated into a rovmded tubercle near the middle ; 
the costal area of the wings is much clouded, the markings 
near the extremity being darker than those in the basal 
half. The following are the dimensions of both sexes •.~- 

Long. corp. maris, uuc. 3i ; cap. lin. 1^ ; auten. unc. 3 ; 
proth. lin. If ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 

19 + lin. 4 = lin. 23 ; tegm. lin. 5 ; alar, expans. unc. 3^. 
Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3J ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. — ?; 

proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 63 ; abdom. lin. 

20 + lin. 3=lin. 23 ; tegm. lin. 6 ; alar, expons. nnc. 4. 

Genus 35. DINELYTRON, G. R. Gray. 
Platycrauia, pars, Bunneister, De Ilaan. 

Head moderate-sized. Ocelli obsolete. Anteunse scarcely 
longer than half the body. Body long. Thorax rather 
short. Mesothorax scarcely twice the length of the pro- 
thorax. Abdomen of the male filiform ; of the female con- 
vex above, flat beneath ; anal styles short. Tegmina linear- 
ovate, one-third or half the length of the wings ; the latter 
large, semicircular in both sexes. Legs rather short, espe- 
cially the anterior pair, with the margins of the fore femora 
compressed. 

Inhabit South America. 

The insects of this group are certainly very closely allied 
to those of Metriotes, with which they were united by Bur- 
meister and De Haan. They are distinguished, however, 
by a very different facies and by the much greater length 
of the tegmina. 

1. (429.) Dinelytron Grylloides. 

Pallide brunneum vel viridi-cinereum ; tegminibus area- 
i|ue costali brunneo-griseis, obscuro-maculatis, hac basi pal- 
lidiori ; alarum area postica hyalino-albida, apice obseura. 

Long. Corp. 1" 9'" ; alar, expans. 2" 6'". 

Hub. In Brasilia. Olim in Coll. Soc. Zool. Lond. 

Dinelytron grylloides, G. R. Gray, Syn. Pha^m. pp. 2", 43. 
Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii.2. 582 (Platycraniagr.). 
Be Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 124 (Platycrania gr.). 

I have not been able to find the original typical speci- 
men of this species, described by Mr. G. R. Gray, from 
the Museum of the Zoological Society, the entomological 
portion of which has been sold. A slight sketch of it was, 
however, made by its describer, who has kindly communi- 
cated it to me ; and I have carefully examined a specimen, 



determined by Burmeister, in the Royal Museum of Berlin, 
of which the following are the proportions : — 

Long. Corp. lin. 25 ; cap. lin. If ; anten. lin. 13 ; proth. 
lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 12 -I- 
lin. 2i=lin. 14i ; tegm. lin. 9 ; alar, expans. lin. 32. 

The fore legs are not quite an inch long ; the femora 
have their inner margin dilated, the tibise very slightly di- 
lated towards the base ; the hind femora are slightly thick- 
ened, with the under edge armed with several small spines ; 
the three terminal segments of the abdomen are very nar- 
row, the eighth especially being very short. 

2. (430.) Dinelytron Hipponax. 
Cinereum ; prothorace spinis duabus ; tegminibus basi 

areaque costali alarum albis, viridi et brunneo reticulatis ; 
alls albidis, maculis interruptis nigrescentibus. 
Long. corp. ? 

Dinelytron Hipponax, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 27. ■ 
Be Haan, Orth. Orient.^. 123 (Platycrania H.). 
Hab. In Brasilia. Mus. Westwood ? ? 

I am unable to give any additional information of this 
species, originally described from my collection, the typical 
specimen having been lost. 

3. (431.) Dinelytron Shnckardi. 

"Brunneum ; alis obscure hyalinis, nervis brunneis." 
Long. ? 

Dinelytron Shuckardi, G.R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 43. 
De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 124 (Platycrania Sh.). 
Hab. In Brasilia. Olim in Mus. Soc. Zool. Lond. 

I have never seen this species, and can add nothing to 
the description given by Mr. G. R. Gray, copied above. 

4. (432.) Dinelytron Zymbrseus, TFestw. 
Plate XV. fig. 3, female. 

Elongatum, inerme ; mesothorace abbreviato ; luteo-vi- 
ride ; tegminibus virescentibus, ultra dimidium alarum ex- 
tensis ; alis albis, margine lato apicali nigro ; abdomine 
fusco ; pedibus brevibus, femoribus anticis ad basin parum 
emarginatis, posticis cum tibiis subserratis (mas et foem.). 

Long. corp. maris, lin. 12^; cap. lin. 1 ; anten. lin. 10; 
proth. lin. 1 ; mesoth. lin. 1^ ; metath. lin. 2i ; abdom. 
lin. 5^ + lin. li = lin. 7; tegm. lin. 4i; alar, expans. 
lin. 18. 

Long. corp. fccm. unc. 2 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 16 ; 



164 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



proth. Hn. If; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. liii. 4; abdom. lin. 10 
+ liu. 3 = lin. 13 ; tegm. lin. 9 ; alar, expans. unc. 2f . 

Hab. Magtlalena (Z>. Goudot). lu Mus. W. W. Saunders 
et Hopeiano Oxonise. 

This pretty species is long and rather slender (especially 
the male), and is well distinguished by its peculiar colours 
and comparatively short mesothorax. The head is large, 
rounded, and very convex behind, with two small im- 
pressed lines between the eyes in front, and with traces of 
longitudinal pale Unes in the hinder part ; ocelli wanting. 
The antennae are long and slender. The prothorax is 
square, with the anterior and lateral margins elevated. The 
mesothorax is short, being about one and a half times the 
length of the prothorax ; its disc is granulose, the granules 
pale, a central line and the lateral margins slightly elevated. 
The tegmina are elongate-ovate, rather more than half the 
length of the wings, with a small raised tubercle near the 
base ; they are pale green. The wings are large, opake 
white, with luteous longitudinal veins and a broad black 
apical margin ; the costal area is pale along its basal half, 
the remainder being greenish brown ; the chief vein is fur- 
cate near the base in both sexes. The abdomen is long 
and dark brown, slender in the male, with the tip recurved ; 
the three terminal joints rather dilated at the sides above 
and carinated along the middle ; the terminal ventral seg- 
ments are dilated, gaping at the extremity, exposing a pair 
of horny hooks and the short anal styles ; the three ter- 
minal segments of the female are short and narrow, with 
the anal styles exserted ; the operculum short, exposing 
at its extremity a flattened internal plate, which reaches 
to the tip of the abdomen. The legs are short and robust, 
especially the hinder femora ; the anterior femora are but 
slightly twisted at the base ; the hind femora are dusky at 
the tips, and these, as well as the hind tibise, are finely ser- 
rated beneath ; the tarsi have the basal joint rather longer 
than the three following joints united. 

Plate XV. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a.* 
The terminal segments of the abdomen of the female seen 
sideways. 3 h. The same seen from beneath. 3 e. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen of the male seen from 
beneath. 3 d. The same seen sideways. 3 e. The same 
seen from above. 



5. (433.) Dinelytron ? Agrion, TVestw. 

Plate XXI. fig. 0, male. 

Gracile, abdomine cylindrico, simplici ; opacum, granu- 

latum, pallide fusco-griseum ; capite bispinoso ; mesotho- 

race brevi ; tegminibus oblongo-ovalibus, fuscis, extus viri- 

* In fig. 3 a and fig. 3 c, the $ and J are accidentally reversed. 



dibus ; alls albis, opacis, extus paulo obscurioribus, venis 
fuscis, area costali fuscescenti, ad basin puuicea ; pedibus 
perbrevibus, tibiis gracilibus vix lobatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. liu. 20 ; cap. lin. \\ ; anten. lin. 10 ; proth. 
lin. 1^; mesoth. lin. 2; metath. liu. 2; abdom. lin. 104- 
lin. 3=lin. 13 ; tegm. lin. 4 ; alar, expans. lin. 20. 

Hab. In Brasilia apudVillam Novam (D. i}a<e«). B.Mt 

I am only acquainted with the male of this curious and 
very slender species, which ill agrees with the preceding in- 
sects, and seems to approach the Prisopi. Its general co- 
lour is pale greyish brown, opake, with the head, pro- aud 
mesothorax, and hinder part of the abdomen granulated. 
The head is short and rounded in front, convex, with two 
rows of short obtuse points on the hinder part of the crown, 
four in each row, the outer pair in the anterior row being 
the largest. The autennee are rather short, 23-jointed, the 
third and three or four following joints very short, the re- 
mainder gradually lengthened. The pro- and mesothorax 
are of equal width, the latter about twice the length of the 
former; the metathorax shorter than the latter, its two divi- 
sions of equal length. The tegmina are oval, obscure light 
brown; the outer half of the anterior margin pale green ; the 
median carina considerably arched towards the base. The 
wings are opake, brownish white, with a dark shade along 
the outer margin, the veins strongly marked aud dark 
brown ; the costal area pale brown, bright pink for about 
one-third of the length from the base ; the chief vein is 
simple. The abdomen is long, cylindrical, simple, and 
narrower than the thorax, smooth at the base, slightly ru- 
gose beyond the middle ; the three terminal joints dilated, 
the last truncate at the tips, with the sides oblique and 
emargiuate, aud the anal styles slightly produced ; the ter- 
minal ventral segments are considerably swollen (the extre- 
mity is injured). The legs are short ; the anterior femora 
curved, rather wide, and slightly waved along the hinder 
edge ; the anterior tibise short, gradually narrowed to the 
tip, with a small hind lobe at the base ; the four hind fe- 
mora are short, thick, with three strong teeth on the under 
edges, slightly angulated near the extremity of the upper 
edge ; the tibiae rather slender and slightly bilobed ; tarsi 
short, with the basal joint not longer than the second and 
third united. The metasternum is considerably dilated at 
the sides, with two deep punctures in the middle. 
Plate XXL Fig. 6. The male, of the natural size. G a. The 
terminal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

6. (434.) Dinelytron Merismus, Westw. 
Pl.\te XIII. fig. 5, male. 
Obscure luteo-fuscum, glauco tinctum ; tegminibus ob- 



PHASMIDjE. tropidoderus. 



165 



scure viridibus, vitta obliqua pallide straminea ; alarum 
area costali pallide viresceuti-fusca, postica parte fusco 
parum tincta, venis distinctis nigricantibus ; capitis vertice 
postico, pro- et mesothorace rugosis, pronoti lateribus in 
medio spina majori armatis ; abdomine longitudinaliter 3- 
cariuato, segnientis tribus ultimis dilatatis, stylis analibus 
porrectis et dilatatis ; pedibus brevibus, latis, rugosis, femo- 
ribus 4 posticis infra spinis armatis (mas). 

Long. Corp. maris, lin. 19 ; cap. lin. li ; proth. liu. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. 2^ ; metath. lin. 2 ; abdom. lin. 9 + lin. 3 = 
lin. 12; tegm. lin. 4 ; alar, expans. lin. 24. 

Hab. In Venezuela. B.M. 

I have only seen a single specimen of the male of this 
species (which also differs considerably from the types of 
this group, and which, when the other sex is known, will 
probably be found to constitute a distinct genus), in the 
National Collection. It is of a dull luteous-brown colour, 
and opake with a greenish tinge, the head, pro- and mesotho- 
rax being finely grauulose. The tegmiua are dark green in 
the middle, the sides l)eing of a browner tint, with a pale 
straw-coloured oblique vitta arising on the outside of each 
near the base and extending to the middle ; the hind wings 
have the costal area pale greenish brown, with darker 
veins and veinlets, and the hinder area is very slightly 
tinged with dusky, with thick longitudinal blackish veins 
and dusky transverse ones. The head is broader than long, 
flattened between the eyes ; the flattened part bordered by 
a semicircular row of about eight small conical points, the 
two central ones being the largest. The antennae are thick 
and hirsute (the tips broken off in the specimen before me). 
The pronotum has two small erect spines in the middle of 
the hind part of its anterior division, the posterior division 
having also a pair of stronger laterally porrected spines near 
the hinder angles ; the deflexed margins of the mesothorax 
are siuuated. The tegmina are about the length of the 
pro- and mesothorax united, elongate-ovate, narrowed be- 
hind. The wings moderately large. The abdomen is much 
narrower than the thorax, with a raised central line run- 
ning down the middle ; the fourth and following segments 
also with a similar raised line on each side ; the seventh 
segment is gradually widened behind, the eighth long and 
gradually narrowed, the ninth small and subquadrate; the 
anal styles small ; the eighth segment is furnished beneath 
with a broad foliaceous lobe extending considerably beyond 
the extremity of the body ; the seventh ventral segment 
and the base of the ninth are moderately and roundly 
swollen, the last extending nearly to the extremity of the 
ninth dorsal segment. The legs are short and rugose ; the 
femora dilated, especially the anterior pair, which are ful- 



vous, with a broad black longitudinal mark beneath ; the 
under edge of the four posterior with several short spines ; 
the tarsi have the basal joint scarcely longer than the se- 
cond joint. The prosternum has two minute setose lobes 
behind the base of the fore legs. 

Plate XIII. Fig. 5. The male, of the natm-al size. 5 a. The 
three terminal segments seen laterally. 5 b. The same 
seen from beneath. 



Genus 36. TROPIDODERUS. 

Tropidoderus, G.R. Gray (St/n. Phasiit. p. 31), Burmeister, 

I)e Haan. 
Trigonoderus, G. R. Gratj {Eiit. Austral.). 

Body large, with elongate-ovate tegmina and very large 
wings in both sexes. Head oblong, destitute of ocelli ; of 
the female flat, posteriorly subconvex. Antennse of the 
male as long as the entire thorax, 24-jointed ; of the female 
scarcely longer than the mesothorax, 26-jointed. Meso- 
thorax of the male slender, cylindrical, twice the length of 
the prothorax, sides finely serrated ; of the female about 
twice the length of the prothorax, subtriangular, carinated 
in the middle, with the sides slanting and serrated. Teg- 
mina of the male extending nearly to the middle of the first 
segment of the abdomen ; of the female about half the 
length of the abdomen ; median carina scarcely elevated in 
both sexes. Wings in both sexes large, nearly as long as 
the abdomen ; those of the male narrower. Legs short, 
simple ; basal joint of all the tarsi short ; four posterior 
femora in the male slender and strongly serrated on all 
their angles, those of the female with the fore margin di- 
lated and dentated. Abdomen of the male long, slender, 
and cylindric ; of the female broad, gradually narrowed to 
the tip, sides margined ; ovipositor large, boat-shaped, ex- 
tending beyond the extremity of the abdomen, but shorter 
than the anal styles, terminated in both sexes by mode- 
rately long aual styles. 

1. (435.) Tropidoderus Childrenii. 

Mas. Brvmueus ; mesothorace scabriusculo ; tegminibus 
postice olivaceis, disco antico albo, extrorsum viridi margi- 
nato, introrsum rufo marginato ; alls hyalinis albidis, nervis 
brunneis basi violascentibus, area costali olivacea, margine 
anteriori juxta basin albo, hoc interne rufo marginato ; fo- 
liolis duobus longis subfiliformibus ; pedibus anticis lon- 
gioribus, quatuor posterioribus mediocribus dentatis. 

Foem. Capite prothoraceque albidis; mesothorace scabro, 
subflavo ; tegminibus viridibus ; alis hyalinis albis, nervis 
flavescentibus, area costali viridi, juxta basin flava, basi vio- 



166 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



lascenti ; abdomine sulphureo, marginibus lateralibus viri- 
dibus ; pedibus glaucis. 

Long. corp. maris, iinc. 4^ ; cap. lin. 2^ ; anten. lin. 18 ; 
proth. lin. 2^ ; mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 9 ; abdom. lin. 30 
+ lin. 5 = lin. 35 ; styl. anal. lin. 3 ; tegm. lin. 1 1 ; alar, 
expans. unc. 5-|. 

Long. Corp. foem. major, unc. 5^ ; cap. lin. 3f ; anten. 
lin. 10 ; proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 6 ; metath. lin. 13 ; 
abdom. lin. 31 + lin. 10 = lin. 41 ; styl. anal. lin. 1* ; 
tegm. lin. 20 ; alar, expans. unc. 8. 

Male. Diura Typhoeus, G. R. Gray, Ent. of Austr. i. pi. 6. 

f. 2 ; Syn. Phasm. p. 40. 
Female. Trigonoderus Cbildreni, G. R.Gray, Ent. of Austr. 

i. 26. pi. 3. f. 1. 
Tropidoderus Childrenii, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 31. 
Burmeister, Ilandb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 589. 
De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 125. 
Hab. In Australia. B.M., &c. 

Without any positive statement of the fact to rely upon, 
I believe there can be no doubt that the Biura Typhoeus of 
G. R. Gray (which De Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 128, has, as 
it appears to me, improperly regarded as the male of Cypho- 
crania Goliath) is the legitimate partner of TropiJodents 
Childrenii. The amount of development of the wings seems 
to he subject to some variation in this species, as Mr. 
Fortnum brought from Adelaide specimens of the female 
measuring 5^ inches in the length of the body, with the 
wings expanding fully 9 inches, and with the tegmina 
broader than in the type figured by Mr. G. R. Gray. I 
cannot, however, discover any real specific character be- 
tween these different specimens. It is true, that those from 
Adelaide have the basal portion of the costal area of the 
wings of a beautiful rose-colour ; the undei; surface also of 
the whole of the costal area is of the same colour, with the 
longitudinal veins pale yellow, and the tegmina also tinged 
with rosy ; whilst another specimen of the female, measuring 
5 inches long, with the wings only expanding 6^ inches, has 
the basal portion of the costal area half rosy and half pale 
yellow. 

2. (436.) Tropidoderus? viridis. 
" Vert ; ailea transparentes blanches. Thorax lisse. 
" Long. 2^ pouces." 
Hah. Woodlark Island. 

Tropidoderus? viridis, Montrouzier in Ann. Sci. Phys. et 
Nat. de Lyon, 2 ser. t. vii. p. 80. 

The above is all the description of this supposed new 
species which its author has thought it necessary to 
give us. 



Genus 37. PRISOPUS. 

Prisopus, Serville, Enc. Mt'th. t. x. 

Burmeister ; De Huan. 
Prisopus et Platytelus, G. R. Gray. 

Body of the male somewhat linear, of the female broad 
and subdepressed ; terminal segments of the body gene- 
rally furnished with membranous lobes at the sides ; anal 
styles moderately long. Head subquadrate and subde- 
pressed ; ocelli wanting. Antennse long, pubescent, multi- 
articulate. Prothorax and mesothorax of nearly equal 
length. Tegmina elongate-ovate, generally about two- 
thirds of the length of the wings. Wings very broad and 
rounded, generally not quite covering the extremity of the 
abdomen. Legs, especially the anterior and posterior pairs, 
with dilated membranous sinuated lobes on the femora, the 
margins of which are strongly ciliated ; tibiee dilated, the 
anterior pair with two small membranous detached lobes 
at the base ; basal joint of the tarsi of moderate length. 
Abdomen of the females with the ovipositor flattened, and 
not extending beyond its extremity. 

The general habitat of these curious insects appears to be 
South America, although Amboyna was given as that of 
the typical species by its first describers. Whether the 
" habitat in Indiis," given by Lichtenstein to Ph. Ohrt- 
manni, be intended for India, appears to me very doubtful. 
Two pupae are, however, figured by Stoll, one of which is 
stated to be from Samarang, Java, and the other from 
India. Some credibility seems to be given to these locali- 
ties by that of the Cape of Good Hope given by De Haan 
to Ph. Horstokkii (which may possibly be doubtful), and 
also possibly by that of the Isle de France given as the 
country where the unique specimen of Pr. Marchali {Xe- 
roderusi Marchali, ante, p. 103) was taken by M. Marchal 
himself, who resided in that island. 

Hitherto the characters of the genus have been derived 
from females alone, no specimen of the opposite sex 
having hitherto been described by any previous author : 
Burmeister indeed considered the genus Xerosoma as the 
males. The males of several species are described below. 



1. (437.) Prisopus flabellifonnis. 
Depressus, obscure virescenti-cinereus ; abdomine lato, 
fulvo, segmentis 6", 7"° et 8™ lobatis ; thorace brevi, depres- 
siusculo, prothorace 2-spinoso ; elytris viridibus obscure ne- 
bulosis, apice magis brunneis ; alis albo-cinereis, venis basi 
viridibus, fusco undatis, costa pallida in medio maculis 
magnis fuscis, apice brunnea ; pedum anticorum et posti- 
corum femoribus late membranaceo-marginatis sinuatis ; 



PHASMID^. PRISOPUS. 



167 



mesosterm medio segmentisque veutralibus abdominis in 
medio nigro fasciatis (mas et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. '2-^; cap. lin. 2; anteu. — ?; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesotli. lin. 2 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 
12 + liu. 3=lin. 15 ; tegm. lin. 13 ; alar, expans. unc. 3\. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 4 ; anten. ultra lin. 18; 
proth. lin. 3J ; mesoth. lin. 3i ; metath. lin. 6 ; ahdom. 
lin. 17+hn. 4 = lin. 21 ; tegm. lin. 16; alar, expans. unc. 4. 

Phasma flabelliformis (Le Dragon d'Amboyne), Stall, 
Spectr. pi. 18. f. 65, and Apjiend. 

G. 11. Gray, Syii. Pkasm. p. 27 (Prisopus f.). 
Burmeister, Hamlb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 588. 
Phasma Dracunculus, Lichtenstein, Linn. Traits, vi. p. 16. 
Mantis sacrata, Oliv. Enc. Meth. vii. 639. no. 76. 

Lejiel. S)- Serville, Enc. Mith. x. 444 ; Ann. Sci. Nat. 
xxii. 63 (Prisopus sacr.). 
Prisopus spinicollis, Burmeister, o. c. p. 588. 

Hah. In Brasilia ; Cayemia. In Mas. Hopeiano Oxonise 
(mas et foem.). B.M., &c. 

The locality of Amboyna given to this species by Stoll, 
together with the circumstance that the membranous lobes 
of the terminal segments of the abdomen in the specimen 
of the female figured by that author were incurved beneath 
the body, as is often the case, and consequently not re- 
presented in his figure, led Burmeister to consider Stoll's 
insect as forming a distinct section in the genus, and con- 
sequently as distinct from the Brazilian insects which he 
had before him. This circumstance he corrected in his 
memoir in Germar's Zeitschrift, where, however, he con- 
siders his Prisopus spiniceps as identical with Stoll's insect, 
retaining Pr. spinicollis as distinct. I am uuuljle to sepa- 
rate the last-named species from Stoll's figure, believing 
that the want of a pair of spines on the pronotum in that 
figure is an error of the artist. On the contrary, Bur- 
meister' s short description of Prisopus spinicollis is as 
follows : — 

" Cinereo-viridis ; spinis verticis minoribus simplici serie ; 
pronoto scabro, bispinato ; alarum area postica albida ; 
venis transversis nigris. — Long. corp. unc. 2^. — Habitat in 
Brasilia*." 

Burmeister's description of Pr. spiniceps accords better 
with Serville's description of the insect, which the latter 
regarded as the Pr. flabelliformis, but which seems to me 
to differ from Stoll's figure, judging as I do from a speci- 
men evidently named by Serville himself, formerly in M. 
Marchal's collection, now preserved in the Hopeian Mu- 
seum. This wants the two spines on the pronotum, which, 
on the contrary, is granulated, as well as the mesonotum ; 

* The reference by Bumjeister of this species to Xerosoma canali- 
culatum, and by Do Haan to Platt/telits horridus of G. R. Gray, cannot 
be adopted. 



and the wings have the posterior area black, the spaces be- 
tween the broadly-stained transverse veins being very small, 
and stained with light brown, and not greenish white and 
distinct as in the other species. 

The male of this species, which appears to be extremely 
rare, not having been seen by any previous writer, has long 
been in my Collection. It agrees in general characters with 
the female, except in being smaller and much more slender, 
the basal segments of the abdomen not being more than 
2 lines broad, which is indeed the general width of the 
insect. 

2. (438.) Prisopus spiniceps. 
Cinereo-viridis ; spinis verticis majoribus triplici serie ; 
pronoto granulate ; alarum area postica nigra, albo tessellata. 
Long. Corp. 2^" . 

Prisopus spiniceps, Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 588. 
Prisopus flabelliformis, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 283. 
Hab. In BrasiUa ; Cayenna. 

Referring to the observations on the preceding species, I 
shall here merely add, that the specimen of the female in 
the Hopeian Collection, which agrees with Burmeister's 
characters, but which bears Serville's label Pr. flabelli- 
formis, has the following proportions : — 

Long. Corp. unc. Z\ ; cap. hn. 4 ; proth. hn. 3^ ; mesoth. 
lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 7; abdom. lin. 18 + lin. 4 = lin. 22 ; 
tegm, lin. 17; alar, expans. unc. 4j. 

The spines at the back of the head are not larger than 
those in Pr. flabelliformis ; the surface of the head is 
nearly smooth ; the pronotum and mesonotum are distinctly 
granulated ; the costal area of the wings is more tessellated 
in the middle, the hinder area very much darker, and the 
ventral segments of the abdomen are marked on each side 
with a triangular dark patch united in the middle, but not 
forming distinct fasciae. 

3. (439.) Prisopus Ohi'tmanui. 
Thorace brevi, teretiusculo, granulato; elytris mediocribus 
ovato-oblongis ; alls rotundatis, abdomine brevioribus, costa 
concolori griseo-fusca ; pedibus anticis latissimis, omnibus 
membranaceis marginato-ciliatis ; capite antice granulato, 
postice spiuoso, spina sesquialtera longiori auriformi ; an- 
tcunis longitudine corporis, articulis oblongis depressis. 

Phasma Ohrtmanni, Lichtenstein in Linn. Trans, vi. p. 1 7 
t. 2. fl. 

G. R. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 28 (Prisopus Ohr.). 

Hub. In Indiis. Mus. Ohrtmaun (India oriental!, G. Ii. 
Gray. An recte?). 

De Haan has given this species as identical with Bur- 



168 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



meister's P. spinieeps. The character of the spines of the 
head, even supposing the locaUty of "India orientalis" to 
be incorrect, seems to militate against such an opinion. 



4. (440.) Pi-isopus horridiis. 

Obscure brunnescenti-niger ; capite subplano, granulis 
albis, posticis majoribus ; prothorace et mesothorace supra 
granulatis, baud spinosis ; tegminibus palhdioribus, ob- 
scure fusco-albidis, basin versus fusco irroratis ; alarum area 
costali obscure fusco-albida, medio nigro maculata, apiceque 
obscuriori ; area postica nigra, lineis gracilibus albis valde 
tessellata ; pedibus luteo-brunneis, femoribus (prsesertim 
anticis et posticis) membrana lata sinuata instructis ; tibiis 
dilatatis, foliolis duobus ad basin anticarum adjectis ; meta- 
sterno fascia lata nigra in qua ferrum equiuum reversum 
fulvum ; abdominis segmentis ventralibus postice margine 
tenui nigro notatis, segmentis 5", G" et 7°"" utrinque mem- 
brana lata instructis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. fere unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 4 ; anteu. — ? ; 
proth. lin. 3; mesoth. Hn. 3J ; metath. lin. 6 ; abdom.lin. 
l.'i 4-lin. 4=Hn. 19 ; tegm. lin. 18; alar, expans. unc. 4^. 

Prisopus horridus, Westw. MS. ; Brit. Cyclop. Nat. Hist. 

pi. Orthopt. fig. med. 
Platytelus horridus, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 28. 

Hab, In Columbia. 

The general appearance of the unique female hitherto 
known of this species, formerly in my Collection, is so 
similar to that of Phasma HorstoIcMi of De Haan, that, 
were it not for the difference of locality, I should be tempted 
to consider them as varieties of the same species. The 
suggestion of De Haan, that it is possibly identical with Pr. 
spinicoUis, is destitute of foundation. I can find no generic 
characters to separate this species from the typical Prisopi. 



5. (441.) Prisopus HorstokMi. 

Foem. Alis oblongo-arcuatis, pellucidis, nervis transversis 
fusco maculatis, area antica pallide cinerea ; nigro macu- 
lata ; apice uti et elytris cinereo-fuscis ; capite depresso, 
piano, insequali, posterius spinuloso, pone oculos carinato ; 
prothorace et mesothorace pallide cinereis, laevibus, sub- 
erosis. 

Long. corp. 2" 6'" ; proth. 2^" ; mesoth. 3'" ; elytr. 
1".5"'; alar. 2"; lat. alar. 1" 5i"'. 

Phasma (Prisopus) Horstokkii, Be Haan, Orthopt. Orient . 
p. 113. pi. 12. f. 1, fcem. 
Hnh. Promont. Bouse Spei. 



6. (442.) Prisopus Berosus, Westw. 
Plate XX. fig. 7, male. 

Griseo- vel olivaceo-fuscus, opacus, rugosus, subdepres- 
sus; vertice postice serie transversa tuberculorum acutorum; 
mesothorace hand pronoto longiori ; tegminilius elongatis, 
alarum dimidium longe superantibus, olivaceo fuscoque 
variis ; alis magnis, subalbis, venis transversis fusco late 
suffusis, area costali carnea fusco variegata, apice fusco ; 
abdominis segmentis apicalibus rotundato-lobatis, deflexis, 
lobis analibus depressis. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 1^ ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 2 ; metath. hn. 5 ; abdom. lin. 
1 1 -)-lin. 3=lin. 14 ; tegm. lin. 13 ; alar, expans. unc. 3. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 2f ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. — ? ; 
proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 3^ ; metath. lin. 6^ ; abdom. 
lin. 15 + lin. 4 = lin. 19; tegm. lin. 18 ; alar, expans. 
unc. 3^. 

Hab. Litt. occid. Americse septentrionalis. Panama. 
B.M. 

This species is depressed, of a brown or greyish-brown 
colour. The head, pro- and mesothorax, and extremity of 
the abdomen thickly covered with small granules of a 
whitish colour ; the hind part of the head also with larger 
tubercles, of which the hinder form an irregular transverse 
series rather larger than the rest. The antennae are setose, 
rather thick, with the fourth and following joints short, but 
gradually lengthening ; in the male they are 25-jointed. 
The pro- and mesothorax are nearly of equal size and ap- 
pearance, being rugose ; the former is spiraculiferous at its 
fore angles, the sides being rather dilated in the middle. 
The metathorax is as long as the pro- and mesothorax 
united, its hinder division being nearly twice as long as the 
fore part. The abdomen is narrow and parallel in the 
male, but broader and gradually widening to the sixth seg- 
ment in the female, the sides being strongly deflexed ; the 
fifth and follovring segments produced at their posterior 
lateral angles into a rounded, setose, deflexed lobe ; the ter- 
minal ventral segments in both sexes are flat, and the anal 
styles are long and flattened. The metasternum is marked 
on each side with a black spot, and the ventral segments of 
the abdomen are fasciated with black. The tegmina are 
about two-thirds of the length of the wings, brown or 
greyish, varied with darker shades, the colour of the veins 
being more or less interrupted ; the main vein is elevated 
near the base into a small tubercle. The wings are large, 
opake whitish, with the transverse veins very broadly 
stained with brown ; the costal area is strongly shaded with 
pink throughout its greater portion, varied with brown 
patches with paler round spots ; the apex is more uniformly 



PHASMID^. PRISOPUS. 



169 



brown ; the principal vein is simple, except towards the 
apex, where it emits two or three branches running to the 
fore margin. The legs are broad and hairy, rather short, 
especially in the female ; the fore femora are strongly 
arched, the outer edge scolloped ; the tibiae with two lobes 
at the base ; the four hind femora and tibise are scolloped 
along the lower margin, as also more slightly so on the fore 
or upper margin. 

Plate XX. Fig. 7. The male, of the natural size. 7 «■ The 
extremity of the abdomen seen from beneath. 7 i- The 
same sideways (the anal styles are both broken off). 7 c. 
The same parts in the female seen sideways. 7 d. The tip 
of the abdomen. 



7. (443.) Prisopus Phacellus, IT'estw. 

Elongatus, gracilior, luteo-fuscus hand granulosus ; capite 
tuberculis 6 in linea transversa postica ; pro- et mesonotis 
tuberculis nonnullis dlscoidalibus ; abdomine elongato, seg- 
mentis 6'°, 7"° et 8"° utrinque in lobum magnum apice ro- 
tundatum deflexum productis ; pedibus brevibus, dilatatis, 
sinuatis ; alarum venis late griseo suffusis, area costali pal- 
lide fuscescenti, maculis irregularibus fuscis in medio no- 
tata ; tarsis gracilibus. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2y ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 19 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 
14 + liu. 3 = lin. 17; tegm. lin. 14 ; alar, expans. unc. 3^^. 

Hab. Ega, in Brasilia (D. Biites). B.M. 

This species is very closely allied to Pr. Berosxis, but 
diifers in its generally longer and more slender structure 
and smoother surface. The head is comparatively broader 
and flattened, with two small tubercles behind the eyes, and 
a row of six similar ones across the hind part of the head. 
The antemife are27-joiuted. The pro- and mes(,notum are 
armed with a few small tubercles. The abdomen is elon- 
gated, with the 6th, 7th and 8th segments produced on 
each side into an elongated lobe rounded at the extremity 
and deflexed ; the anal styles are of moderate length and 
flattened. The tegmina and wings are coloured as in Pr. 
Berosus, except that the costal area is destitute of the pink 
tint. The legs are also similarly formed to those of that 
species, except that the hind ones are rather longer and 
the tarsi are more slender. The metasternum is entirely 
luteous brown ; but the abdominal segments are fasciated 
with black. 

These differences seem to me suflicient, in conjunction 
with the locality of the specimen described above, to war- 
rant its being considered as specifically distinct from Pr. 
Bei-osus of Western North America. 



8. (444.) Prisopus incertus. 

Pupa. Brunnea ; thorace albo maculato ; pedibus om- 
nibus membranaceis, ciliatis, nigro annulatis. 
Long. Corp. 2" 3'" ; anten. 2" 2'". 

Phasma Nympha (Le petit Dragon), StoH, Sjjecfr. pi. .i. 

f. 18, and App. 

G. R. Gray, Si/n. Phasm. p. 28. 
Mantis Draco, OUv. Enc. Meth. vii. 636. no. 59. 
Phasma Dracunculus, •p\i\)a,Lichtenstein,Linn. Trans.\\.\Q. 
Prisopus Draco, Lepel. et Serv. Enc. MHh. x. 444 ; Serv. 

Ann. Sc. Nat. xxii. 63. 

Hab. Samarang, Java. 

9. (445.) Prisopus coniiitus. 

Pupa. Capite postice bicorni ; obscure brunnea, obscurius 
maculata ; pedibus membranaceo-dilatatis, luteis, fusco va- 
riegatis. 

Long. Corp. 2" 3'" ; anten. 9'". 

Le petit Dragon cornu, StoU, Gryll. pi. 20 b. f. 79. 
Prisopus cornutus, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 43. 

Hab. In India. 



10. (44G.) Prisopus Cepus, Westw. 
Plate XX. fig. 1, male. 

Elongatus ; mesonoto et abdominis basi leevibus ; capite, 
pro- et mesonotis et abdominis apice granulatis, opacis ; 
obscure fuscus, vertice serie transversa postica spinularuni ; 
tegminibus alarum dimidio longioribus, fuscis ; alis fusces- 
centibus, area costali pallide puniceo-grisea, apice fusca ; 
pedibus dilatatis (mas) . 

Long. Corp. lin. 19 ; cap. lin. li ; anten. lin. 1 1 ; proth. 
lin. H ; mesoth. Hn. 2\ ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 8^ + 
lin. 21 =Hn. 1 1 ; tegm. lin. 9 ; alar, expans. lin. 25. 

Hab. Apud Magdalenam, Bolivia (3/. Goudot). In Mus. 
W. W. Saunders. 

Of this species I am only accjuainted with a single male. 
It is of an obscure brown colour, with the anterior and 
posterior parts of the body finely granulose ; the hinder part 
of the head with a transverse row of six small spines. The 
antennse are somewhat more than 20-jointed, the second 
and few following joints very short, the remainder gradually 
elongate and attenuated. The mesothorax is not more 
than one-third longer than the prothorax. The metathorax 
has the posterior division occupying two-thirds of the length 
of the whole. The tegmina are about two-thirds of the 
length of the wings, obscure brown, with the median carina 
scarcely distinct, and not elevated near the base. The 
wings are opake, rather smoky with brown veins, the 
transverse ones paler smoky ; the costal area obscure greyish 



170 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



pink, with the extremity brown ; the principal vein is forked 
about the middle of its length. The legs are rather short ; 
the fore femora arched and broadly dilated ; the outer mar- 
gin waved and hairy ; the tibise gradually narrowed, slightly 
waved ; the base with a small oval lobe, hairy on the hind 
margin ; tarsi flattened. The middle legs are short and 
dilated ; the femora with three or four waves ; the hind 
femora flattened, with the anterior margin slightly, and the 
hind one strongly, waved and hairy ; the tibise with the inner 
edge waved and hairy ; tarsi flattened. Abdomen long, 
with the centre of each segment elevated, so as to form an 
acute ridge ; terminal joints gradually widened, the eighth 
lobed on each side ; terminal segment rounded ; anal styles 
rather broad and prominent ; terminal segments beneath 
flat, not extending beyond the eighth dorsal segment. 

Plate XX. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
extremity of the body seen sideways. 1 b. The same seen 
from beneath. 

11. (447.) Prisopus Guerinii, Westw. 
Plate XXI. fig. I, male. 

Pallide fusco-luteus, fusco variegatus ; capite, pro- et 
mesonotis muricatis, hoc brevi, postice sensim dilatato ; 
tegminibus griseis, albido subtessellatis ; alis pallide lutes- 
centibus opacis fusco subfasciatis, area costali ad basin pu- 
nicea fusco varia ; femoribus tibiisque posticis serratis (mas 
et foem.). 

Long. Corp. maris, uuc. 2 ; cap. lin. 2^ ; auten. lin. 10 ; 
proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. Uu. 4 ; metath. lin. 4^ ; abdom. 
lin. 9-t-lin. 2| = lin. 1 1^ ; tegm. lin. 5 ; alar, expans. lin. 21. 

Long. corp. foem. lin. 21 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 3i ; 

metath. Hn. 3^; abdom. Hn. 12. 

Hub. In ' lie Maurice.' In Coll. Dom. Guerin-Meneville 
Parisiis. 

This species is of a dull pale luteous coloui , varied, espe- 
cially on the legs, with brown shades. The head, pro- and 
niesonotum are covered with numerous gran ules and small 
conical tubercles ; the head is nearly square. The antennae 
slender and few-jointed. The mesothorax is short, and 
gradually widened from the front to the hind part ; and the 
abdomen is gradually narrowed from the base to the apex 
in the male, but widened in the middle in the female ; in 
the former sex the segments are also slightly lobed at the 
extremity of each, and they are marked with longitudinal 
jjosteriorly diverging carinse down the centre. The tcgmina 
are oval, with the central carina scarcely elevated into an 
angle towards the base ; they are grey-coloured, varied with 
white spots. The wings are dull opake buff-coloured, varied 
with irregular brownish fascice ; the costal area is ])inkish 



grey, brighter-coloured at the base, and varied with brown 
markings ; the main vein is furcate at about one-third of 
the length of the wing from the base. The legs are mode- 
rately long ; the fore femora arched and strongly serrated 
on each angle, the serratures clothed with curved hairs ; 
the fore tibise are slender and but slightly lobed, but the 
four posterior tibise are lobed, especially on the upper edge, 
and subserrated. 

The female has the oviduct wide at the base and truncate 
at the extremity, which does not extend beyond the eighth 
dorsal segment ; it is flattened, and followed by a furcate 
appendage, the divisions of which are obtuse ; the anal 
styles are minute and lateral. 

I am indebted to M. Guerin-Meneville of Paris for a 
knowledge of this remarkable species. 

Plate XXI. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. The 
extremity of the body seen sideways. 1 b. The extremity 
of the body of the female seen sideways. 1 c. The same 
seen from beneath. 

Genus 38. EXTATOSOMA. 

Extatosoma, G. R. Gray, Serv., Burnt., Be Huan. 
Tropidoderus, Brulle. 

Body spinose ; of the male long, slender, and winged ; of 
the female with the abdomen broad and dilated, and with 
rudimental wings ; in both sexes with the middle segments 
furnished with membranous lobes at the sides. Head 
small, pyramidal, spinose at the apex. Ocelli in the male 
distinct, wanting in the female. Antennae of moderate 
length, pubescent, longer in the male. Mesothorax di- 
lated behind, not twice the length of the prothorax. Teg- 
mina of the male oval, as long as the metathorax ; those 
of the female broader, scarcely more than half the length 
of the metathorax. Wings of the male very large, with 
the costal area distinct ; of the female rudimental, shorter 
than the tegmina, and only extending to two-thirds the 
length of the metathorax. Legs short, trigouate, broadest 
in the female, margined, dilated ; femora not ciliated ; 
anterior siuuated at the base, with lateral membranes along 
their whole length ; tibise dilated and spined ; tarsi with 
the basal joint of moderate length. Abdomen truncate at 
the tip ; the sides of the apex greatly deflexed and gaping 
below. Ovipositor boat-shaped, extending beyond the 
extremity of the abdomen, and furnished with two long 
curved filaments. 

1. (448.) Extatosoma tiaratum. 
Mas. Luteo-viridis ; mesothorace autice angustato, spinis 
duabus ; tegminibus areaque costali alarum viridibus, ul- 



PHASMID.E. PHYLLIUM. 



tinia undato-fasciata ; alarum area postica hyalina, pallide 
fiisca, fasciis interruptis subalbidis ; pedibus gracilioribus, 
nigro fasciatis ; tarsorum anticorum articulo 1™° elongato, 
vix dilatato ; abdomiue Isevi, segmentis margine iutcgris, 
segmentis tribus ultimis ventralibus in operculum conicum 
vix apicem abdominis attingente dilatatis. 

Foem. Multo major et robustior, kiteo-brunnea, viridi 
tincta ; tegminibus alisijue rudimentalibus pallide viridibus ; 
abdominis segmentis (prsesertim 4° et 5°) supra laminis 
binis spiculiferis iu medio armatis, marginibus lateralibus 
denticulatis ; pedibus membranaceo-dilatatis, marginibus 
serratis et spinosis, tarsorum anticorum articulo 1"'" brevi, 
dilatato, erecto. 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 3, lin. 10 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anteu. 
— ? ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metatb. lin. 8^ ; 
abdom. lin. 24 + lin. 4 = lin. 28 ; tcgm. lin. 8 ; alar, ex- 
pans. 5" 6'". 

Long. Corp. foem. circ. unc. 51 ; cap. lin. 4 ; proth. 
Hn. 4 ; mesoth. lin. 8 ; metatb. lin. 10 ; abdom. lin. 30 + 
lin. 9 = lin. 39 ; tegm. lin. 7 ; alae, lin. 7. 

5 Var. a, e Nova Guinea. 

" Thoracis et abdominis spinis mediis ternis vel quaternis, 
abdominis articulo 4°, 5°, 6° latere lobo dilatato aucto, 
lobis conjuuctis formam ovatam describentibus ; abdomine 
infra parcius spinoso ; vagina incurvata, medio carinata et 
lobo foliaceo aucta, feraoribus et tibiis posticis parte supe- 
riore lobo valde arcuato auctis ; tibiarum mediarum posti- 
carumque lobis inferioribus intus nigro marmoratis ct fas- 
ciatis." — De Haan. 

Long. Corp. 6" ; proth. 4'"; mesoth. S'" ; alae, 4^. 

$ Var. /3, e Terra Van Diemenii. Long. 4" 10'". 

"Thoracis et abdominis spinis mediis simplicibus cre- 
brioribus ; abdomine infra spinosissinio, articulo 4°, 5° et 
6° lobo augustiore breviore acuto spinoso aucto ; vagina sub- 
carinata ; femoribus posterioribus lobo breviore vix arcuato 
vix armato ; tibiis lobo medio sinuato auctis." — De Ilaan. 

Male. Extatosoma Hopei, G. R. Gray, Etit. Austral, i. pi. 8. 
f. 1 ; Syn. Phasm. p. 29 (Ectatosoma H.). 
Serville, II. N. Orth. p. 28.5. 
Fern. Phasma tiaratum, MacLeay in Kinys Survey of 
Australia, App. ii. 455. t. B. f. 3, 4, fem. 

G. R. Gray, Ent. Austral, i. pi. 8. f. 2 ; Syn. Phasm. 

p. 29 (Extatos. t.). 
Serville, II. N. Orth. p. 286. 
Male and fem. Ectatosoma tiaratum, Burm. Ilandb.d. Ent. 
ii. 2. 576. 

Be Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 110. pi. 10. f. 2 (fem.). 

Hah. \\\ Australia ; Paramatta {Gray). Terra Van 
Diemenii et Nova Guinea {De Haan). Li Mus. Ilopeiano 
OxouicB (mas, cum larva, pupa, et imag. fccm.) et B.M. 

I consider that Burmeister and De Haan are fully justi- 



fied iu regarding the E. Hopei as the male of E. tiaratum. 
The former of these names, according to the ordinary rule 
of retaining that given to the male, would have been adopted 
if Mr. MacLeay's name had not the priority, and were 
equally applicable to both sexes. The specimen figured by 
Gray as a male pupa is an immature female, and is pre- 
served in the Hopeian Museum. The curved black horny 
appendage at the extremity of the body appears to me to 
be a mass of excrement emitted by the insect. 

Genus 39. PHYLLIUM. 

Phyllinm, Illiyer, Latreille, Serville, Gray, Burmeister, Dc 

Haan, ^-c. 
Pteropus, Thunbery, Mem. Acad. St. Petersb. v. 1815, 

p. 286. 

Body dilated ; the abdomen with the sides flattened and 
membranous, the ovipositor of the female not extending be- 
yond its extremity. Head of the male with three ocelli ; 
of the female without ocelli. Antennse of the male long, 
pilose; of the female shorter than the head, 9-jointed. 
Mesothorax very short, with the sides dilated and spined. 
Tegmina of the male rather longer than the metathorax ; 
of the female very large and foliaceous, nearly covering the 
abdomen. Wings of the male large, extending nearly to 
the extremity of the abdomen, scmioval, of delicate texture; 
costal arch distinct and broad, but not coriaceous ; wings 
of the female rudimental, or much shorter than the teg- 
mina. Legs short ; the femora, and often the tibiae, with 
broad membranous lobes. 

These insects recede so much further from the ordinary 
type of the family than any of the other species, that they 
have received the common name of Walking-leaves, whilst 
that of Walking-sticks is given to the more ordinary form. 
The former of these names is indeed very applicable, for 
both whilst alive and seated among the leaves of the trees 
on which they live, and also when dead and faded in colour, 
it is impossible to conceive a more exact representation of a 
growing or withered leaf. Lideed, Mr. Murray informs 
us, that it was only on pointing out the living specimen 
reared at Edinburgh, whilst resting quietly on the plant on 
which it subsisted, that many of the visitors were able to 
perceive it. 

I have represented at the foot of Plate XXXI. several 
specimens, illustrating the transformations of this genus. 
Fig. 4 represents a young larva of a species allied to Ph. 
crurifolium and Scythe {Ph. Agathyrsus ?). Fig. 5 repre- 
sents a female larva with slightly developed rudiments of 
the wiug-covers, and with one of the hind legs of diminished 
size, having probablv been reproduced at an earlier period 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



of its existence. This individual is in the British JMuseum 
Collection, from Ceram, and appears to be a larva of Ph. 
siccifoUum, having simple posterior tibise. Fig. 1 b. re- 
presents a male larva of Ph. Scythe, having small rudi- 
ments both of wings and wing-covers ; and 1 c, a male pupa 
of the same species, having the alary rudiments still more 
developed, and the antennae consisting of about twenty 
joints, the outer half having been developed at the e.vtre- 
mity of the short thickened antennae of the larva, as may 
be clearly perceived by the more slender form of the sup- 
plemental joints. 

1. (419.) Phyllium siccifolium. 

Viride ; alls rudimentalibus ; abdominis scgmento 3"° 
ultra medium rehquis latiori, hinc ad apicem 6" paulo an- 
gustato, 7"° lateribus rotundatis, postice multo angustiore, 
segmentis 2 apicalibus subito angustatis ; femoribus an- 
ticis dilatatis, lobis internis et externis ejusdem latitudinis, 
lobi interni margine basali integro, margine apicali dilatato, 
rotundato, dentate, lobo externo semiovali, integro ; femo- 
ribus intermediis ovalibus, posticis semiovatis, tibiis anticis 
intus lobo semiovali instructis ; tibiis 4 posticis gracilibus, 
inermibus ; operculo fcEminse e basi segmenti "■"' ventrali 
exeunti, carinato, basi rotundato, dimidio apicali trigone, 
acuto, ad medium segmenti 9"' dorsalis extenso, lobis internis 
duobus apice acutis, ad apicem abdominis extensis. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 3, Un. 6 ; cap. lin. 4 ; proth. lin. 3 ; 
mesoth.lin. 6 ; abdom. Uu. 20 -t- lin. 7=lin. 27; lat. tegm. 
lin. 8 ; lat. fem. ant. lin. (i, fem. 2 post. lin. 4. Lat. corp. 
foem. unc. 1^. 

Gryllus folium Lauri, Linnceus, Mas. Adolph. Frid. p. 83. 
Gryllus siccifolius, LinneBits, Miis. Reg. Vlr. p. Ill ; Si/st. 
Not. p. 425. n. 3. 

Roesel, Ins. Bel. ii. pi. 1 7. f. 4, ^. 

Edwards, Aves, pi. 258 (The Walking-leaf). 

Merian, Ins. t. 06. 
Mantis ficifolia, Linnaus, Syst. Nat. ed. xii. p. 089. n. 3. 
Phasma siccifolia (Lafeuille de Citron), Stall, Spectr. pi. 7, 

& App. 
Mantis siccifolia, Fabricius, Ent. Syst. ii. 16. 

Gmelin, Syst. Nat. (Linn.) no. 2049. 

Olivier, Enc. Meth. vii. 626. 

Lamarck, An. s. Vert. iv. 253. 
Phyllium siccifolium, Lafr. Gen. Cr. et Ins. iii. 89. 

Lepel. et Serv. Enc. Meth. x. 115 (Phyllium s.). 

Sen: Ann. Set. Nat. xxii. 63 ; H. N. Orth. p. 290. 
Phyllium brevicorne, Latr. Gen. iii. 8, 9, fem. 
Pteropus siccifolius, Thxinherg, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sc. St. 

Petersb. v. 286. 
Phasma citrifolium, Lichtenstein, Linn. Trans, vii. 1 7. 
Dry-leaf Mantis, Shaw, Nat. Misc. pi. 1 19 ; Gon. Zoot. vi. 
i. pi. 47. 

Cuvier, Ret/ne An. (ed. Crochard) Ins. pi. 79. f. . 

Donovan, Ins. India, pi. fig. inferior. 



Dry-leaf Mantis, Diet. d'Hist. Nat. xxvi. pi. G. 42. f. 4. 
Dumeril, Cotis. CI. Ins. pi. 23. f. 2 ; Enc. Meth. Ins. 

pi. 133. f. 2 ; Enc. portatif,Orth. pi. 27. f. 1. 
G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 30 ; also in Zoologist, 

1843, i. p. 118. 
Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 590. 
De Haan, Orthopt. Orient, p. 111. 
Laporte et Blanchard, Hist. N. Ins. iv. pi. 5, fem. 
Mantis foHatus, Perry, Arcana of Nature, no. 6. pi. 4. 
Phyllium Gorgon, G. R. Gray, Syn. Phasm. p. 31 ; and in 
Zoologist, 1843, i. 119. 

Hab. In India orientali. In Musseo Hopeiano Oxonia-, 
B.M., &c. 

As some confusion has arisen as to the real species de- 
scribed by Linnieus, I have thought it useful to copy his 
original description from the ' Museum tJlrictC Regina;' : — 

" Caput ovatum, Iseve ; antennfe brevissimce, obtusse, ar- 
ticulis 9, quorum 1 baseos latior, 2 brevissimus, 3 major re- 
liquis, 4, 5, 6, 7 brevissimi lenticulares, 8, 9 ovati. 

" CoUum cordatum. Thorax subtrigonus, lateribus den- 
ticulatis, longitudine capitis. 

" Elytra incumbentia, parallela, simul ovata, virescentia, 
singula folium Lauri referentia, obtusa, venosa, margine in- 
teriore approximata. Alae brevissimae, emarcidse aut vix 
uUaj. 

" Abdomen ovatum, membranaceo-planum, segmentis 8. 

" Pedes corpora breviores. 

1 femora plana, obovata, antice dentata, juxta caput 
excisa ; tibice lanceolatse, membranacese. 

2 femora obovata, oblongiuscula, membranacea, antice 
et carina denticulata ; tibiae triquetrae, laeves. 

3 femora lanceolata, membranacea, antice et carina sub- 

serrata ; tibiae triquetrae, heves, squama obtusa inter 
ungues." 

De Haan gives the following measurements of various 
individuals, all of which are females. From the relative 
length and width of some of the specimens, I should appre- 
hend that the whole of them could scarcely be referable to 
one species. 

a. Long. corp. 4" 2'" ; lat. corp. 1" 4|'". 

b. Long. corp. 3" 5'" ; lat. corp. 1" 2"'. 

c. Long. corp. 3" 3'" ; lat. corp. 1" 6'". 

d. Long. corp. 3" 2'" ; lat. corp. 1" 7\"' (Gray). 

e. Long. corp. 3" 2'"; lat. corp. 1"5"'; lat. elytr. 7'"; 

femoribus anticis 6'" latis, posticis 3^'" latis. — 
Java ; Timor. 
/. Long. corp. 2" 6'" ; lat. corp. 13"'; lat. elytr. 5 V" ; 
femoribus anticis 3'" latis, posticis 2"' latis. — Timor; 
N. Guinea. 

De Haan has added the following description of a pupa, 
of which he has also given a figure (pi. 15. f. 7), which 



PHASMID.E. PHYLLIUM. 



!Mr. G. R. Gray has considered as more probably that of 
a different species {Ph. Genjon) : — 

" Nynipha maris antennis 3'" longis glabris crassis, latere 
interiore planis, exteriore rotundatis, ex 24 articulis coni- 
positis ; ahs usque ad marginem posteriorem articuli 1"" 
abdominis productis ; vagina convexa, apice rotuudata ; 
tibiis uti in characteribus specificis laudatis, femoribus an- 
ticis parte interiore tantum lobatis." 

I cannot bring myself to think that Perry's Mantis foli- 
utus, on which Mr. G. R. Gray has founded his PA. Gorgon, 
is anything else than an ill-drawn figure of a female of Ph. 
siccifoHum, rather increased beyond the true size, and with 
the sides of the abdomen distorted and probably bent up- 
wards. Rosel's figure, referred to by Linnaeus, represents 
a female specimen, in which the four anterior legs have 
evidently been broken off and transposed, the middle pair 
as represented being evidently the fore legs. The insect 
represented as the male in the Crochard edition of the 
Regne Aimnal, Ins. pi. 79. f. 1 6, is a male pupa, with the 
antennse of the intermediate size between that of the larva 
and the perfect male. 

Most of the specimens of the female whjch I have seen 
are old ones, to which no precise locality is attached ; but 
in the Hopeian Collection there is one from the Collection 
of Latreille with the locality " Seychelles " attached to it 
in his handwriting. 



2. (450.) Phyllium chlorophyllmn. 

Mas. Pallide flavus ; abdomine lato, subcyathiformi vel 
cymbiformi ; femoribus anticis dilatatis, membrana interna 
mediocri, margine basali integro, apicali valde dentato ; 
membrana externa angusta, rotundata, Integra. 

Long. Corp. 3" ; anten. 1" 8'" ; alar, expans. 3" II". 

Phasma chlorophyllia (La patte feuillette), SfoU, Sjiecfr. 

pi. 23. f. 89, and App. 
Phasma StoUii, Lepel. et Serv. Ene. Mt'th. x. 11. t. 
Phyllium chlorophyllum, G. R. Gray, Syn. P/iiism. p. 31, 

and in Zoologist, 1843, i. 119. 

Burmeister, llandb. d. Ent. ii. 2. .'J90. 
Ph. (Phyllium) siccifohum, mas, De Haan, Orth. Orient. 

p. 1 1 i . pi. 1 J. f. 7, pupa maris ? 

Hab. ? 

There is a specimen in the Collection of the Jardin des 
Plantes, which appears to agree with StoH's figure above 
referred to ; but it is only 2f inches long ; the tegmina are 
long, extending to the extremity of the second segment 
of the abdomen, which latter is rounded at the sides, the 
widest part being at the extremity of the fourth segment ; 
the sides are, however, bent upwards. I was for some time 



deceived as to this specimen, in consequence of its having 
had a fore leg replaced by a hind one, and am still by no 
means satisfied that it is anything else than a discoloured 
and somewhat ill-dried specimen of the male of Ph. sicci- 
foUum. 

3. (451.) Phyllium Celebicmn. 
Plate XL. fig. 6, male. 
Mas. Lsete viridis ; antennis 25-articulatis, articulis pone 
medium elongato-ovalibus, angulo interno hand prominenti 
ut in Ph. crurifolio, ultimis sensim brevioribus ; mesonoti 
lateribus epimerisque mediis obtuse tuberculatis, tegraini- 
bus ad medium segmenti 2''' alisque ad apicem 8" extensis ; 
femoribus anticis latls, lobo externo elongato-triangulari, 
margine apicali serrato, lobo interno panlo minori, luteo- 
bimaculato, margine apicali profunde dentato ; femoribus 
intermediis anticis paulo miuoribus, attamen forma simi- 
libus ; femoribus posticis membrana nulla marginis, antici, 
lobo postico elongato subtriangulari, margine apicali ser- 
rato ; tibiis anticis 2 intus lobatis luteoque variegatis ; tibiis 
4 posticis absque membrana, posticis 2 vix rectis ; abdo- 
mine subconico, segniento basali lateribus parallelis, 2''' apice 
sensim paulo latiori, 3''° ultra medium G" sensim dilatato, 
4'° bioculato, 6'' apice subito utrinque incurvo, 7""° multo 
angustiori et cum 8^° et 9"° triangulum parvum reversum 
fingente. 

Fcem. Femorum anticorum lobis iuternis et exteruis in- 
sequalibus, hisce bis latioribus, basi sinuatis, angulatis, 
limbo integro vel subserrato, illis angustis, eroso-triden- 
tatis ; pedibus mediis et posticis uti in P. siccifolio ; tibiis 
4 posticis simplicibus ; alls elongatis, abdominis articuli 
3"' apicem vix adtequantibus, pellucidis ; nervis longitudi- 
nalibus 4, alarum area antica a postica non distincta, nervis 
vero sejunctis ; tegminibus usque ad articuli 5" apicem pro- 
ductis, limbo inferiore sub nervo postico dilatato ; capite 
couvexo, abdominis articulis duobus anterioribus sensim a 
basi latioribus, 3"" medio angulato, 4">, 5'° et 6'° paral- 
lelo, 7""° abrnpte angustiore, reliquis sensim attenuatis ; 
vagina carinata, basi rotundata, dimidio apicali trigone, 
acuto, fere ad apicem abdominis articuli ultimi extenso ; 
lobis internis acutis, apicibus ad apicem stylorum analium 
extensis. 

Long. corp. maris, une. 2 J-; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. hn. 17 ; 
tegm. lin. 9 ; alar, expans. imc. 3| ; lat. segmenti 6" ab- 
dominis in medio, lin. 10. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 3, hn. 7 ; tegm. unc. 2 ; ejusd. lat. 
lin. 8i ; lat. lob. post, femor. ant. lin. 4 ; lob. ant. hn. 21 ; 
lat. segm. 3"' abdom. ultra medium, lin. 17^ ; segm. 6" 
lin. 17. 



174 



CATALOGUE OF OllTIIOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



Phasma (Phyllium) Celebicum, De Huan, Orthopt. Orient. 
p. Ill, fern. 

G. R. Gray in Zooloyist, 1843, i. 121. 

Hab. lu Celebes {De Haiin) ; Manilla. In Mus. Ilopei- 
ano Oxoniae (mas at foem.) et B.M. 

The dimensions of the female given above are taken from 
the typical specimen described by De Haan, still in the 
Museum at Leyden. In the Hopeian Museum is anotlier 
female, from Manilla, in which the wings are still larger, 
reaching rather beyond the middle of the fifth segment of 
the abdomen. 

I have no hesitation in giving the male insect described 
above, from the Hopeian Collection, as that of this species, 
it having also been received from Manilla. 
Plate XL. Fig. fi. The male, of the natmal size. 

4. (452.) Phyllium Athanysus, IJ'estw. 
Plate XXXJ. fig. 3, female. 

Viride ; capite magno ; alls membranaceis, reticulatis, ad 
apicem segmenti I"" abdominis extensis ; femoribus anticis 
latis, lobis internis et esternis insequalibus, exteruo multo 
majori, subtriangulari, lateribus fere iequalibus, integris, et 
vix arcnatis, lobo interno margine basali parum emarginato, 
apicali longiori, fere recto, eroso-sinuato ; tibiis anticis ex- 
tus simplicibus, intus lobo membranaceo subtriangulari in- 
structis ; femoribus intermediis elongato-ovalibus, utrinque 
lobo minori instructis, margine infero ultra medium serrato; 
femoribus posticis supra fere rectis, subtus membrana sen- 
sim dilatata apiceque rotundato, serrato praeditis ; tibiis 4 
posticis intus rectis, extus membrana angusta integra (pe- 
dum intermediorum minori) instructis ; abdomine oblongo- 
ovah, segmento 3''° exacte in medio parum rotundato, hinc 
ad apicem sensim attenuato ; operculi parte postica li- 
bera acuta, carinata, lateribus liberis emarginatis, ad apicem 
segmenti 8" dorsalis extensa, lobis internis planis, apice 
acutis, fere ad apicem stylorum analium extensis (foem.). 

Long. Corp. fcem. fere unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 3|^ ; proth. lin. 2; 
mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 17 -|- lin. 6 = 
lin. 23 ; lat. partis med. segm. 3"' abdom. lin. 13 ; lat. fern, 
ant. lin. 6, fern, intern, lin. 3, post. lin. 2\ ; lat. tegni. med. 
lin. 7 ; long, ate, lin. 6. 

Hub. Ceylon. B.M. 

I have only seen a single specimen of this very distinct 
species, in the Collection of the British Museum. It agrees 
with Ph. Cehbicum in possessing moderately developed 
(although shorter) wings, but differs entirely from that 
species in the form of the femora and abdomen, and in the 
lobed condition of the posterior tibiae. In the shape of 
the abdomen it approaches Ph. Genjon, but differs from 



that species in the developed wings and in the lobed hind 
tibioe. 

Pl.\te XXXI. Fig. 3. The female, of the natural size. 3 a. 
The terminal segments of the body seen from beneath. 

5. (453.) Phyllium Geryon. 

Pai'vum, viride ; alis rudimcntalibus (1 lin. longis) ; fcE- 
minse abdominis segmento 1 "" angusto, ultra medium 3"' 
sensim dilatato, inde ad apicem abdominis sensim attenuato, 
obconico ; femoribus anticis extus membrana vis auctis, 
intus membrana parva, semiovali, antice denticulata ; femo- 
ribus posticis suhtus mediocriter dilatatis, serratis, tibiis 
posticis simphcibus ; operculi parte postica libera triangu- 
lari, apice acuto, ad apicem segmenti 8" dorsalis extenso ; 
lobis hiternis j)lanis, apice acutis, et ad apicem abdominis 
extensis. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2^^ ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. Un. 2 ; 
mesoth. Hn. 3 ; metath. lin. 2i ; abdom. lin. 13-|-lin. 4 = 
lin. 17; lat. segm. 3'", lin. 10 ; long. tegm. lin. 16 ; lat. 
tegm. sing, ultra med. lin. G. 

Phyllium Geryon, G. R. Gray in Zoologist, 1843,i. 1 18, fern. 
Pupa maris?, De Haan, Orth. Orient, pi. 15. f. 7. 
Hab. Philippine Islands (fem. in B.M.). 

The measurements given above are taken from the ori- 
ginal specimen in the British Museum Collection, described 
by Mr. G. R. Gray. The fore legs are now wanting (if 
indeed the character of the anterior femora given by that 
writer were not derived from De Haan's figure of a male 
pupa above quoted). In both the latter and the British 
Museum specimen the body may be said to form an elon- 
gated lozenge or diamond, the anterior point being placed at 
the front of the prothorax, and the widest part being near 
the end of the third segment of the abdomen. 

G. (454.) Phyllium lobiventre. 

Plate XXXIX. fig. 5, female. 

Mas. " Gracile, testaceo-virescens ; prothorace medio 

sulcato ; elytris concoloribus ; alis hyalinis, costam versus 

testaceis, vel virescentibus ; femoribus gracilibus, extus 

hand dilatatis ; abdomine lateribus lobulato. 

" Long. 35-38 mill. ; extens. alar. 55-58 mill." 

Phyllium lobiventre, Blanchard in Btmiont cTVrrille, Voy- 

au Pole Slid, Zoulngie, iv. 359, Orthopt. pi. 1. f. 9. 

Hab. Lebouka ; Feejee Isl. Archipel Viti. In Mus. Paris. 

" Corps grcle, comparativement a celui des autres especes 

du genre ; entierement d'une teinte jaunatre testacee pille, 

probablement d'un vert tendre pendant la vie. Tete un 

pen inegale en dessus, tres-legerement tubercule'e. An- 



PHASMID.E. PHYLLIUM. 



175 



tennes soyeuses. Prothoras maniue d'un sillon eu avant. 
Elvtres verdatres, presqne trauspaieutes. Ailes hyalines, 
avec la portion antt'rieure Icgerement lavee de jaunatre ou 
de vert. Pattes de la mcme nuance que les autres parties 
du corps : les cuisses et les jambes care'nces en dessus, ne 
presentant aucune dilatation exterieure ; les cuisses ante- 
rieures offrant vers leur extremite une petite expansion tri- 
angulaire, legerement dentele'e, les jambes u' ay ant qu'une 
expansion plus petite dans leur milieu ; les cuisses iuterme- 
diaires et posterieures offrant une expansion analogue a celle 
des antdrieures, mais remontant davautage vers la base, 
leurs jambes greles et totalement depourvues d' expansion. 
Abdomen assez etroit, ayant ses quatrieme, cinquieme et 
sixifeme segments dilate's sur les cotes en forme de lobes." 

Fcem. Parva, la:te viridis ; capite et thorace brunneo- 
luteis ; tegminibus viridibus flavo venosis ; capite postice 
femoribusque granulatis ; mesonoto abbreviate, margine an- 
tico excavate, dente elevato medio ; alls rudinientalibus ; 
femoribus omnibus lobo externo angusto, lobo interno an- 
ticorum abbreviato, semiovali, apice denticulato, quatuor 
posticorum elongato-ovali, denticulato ; tibiis anticis lobo 
parvo in medio marginis interni, 4 posticis simplicibus ; ab- 
domine basi lato, ad medium segmenti 3"' sensim dilatato, 
hinc ad apicem 5" angustato, segmentis 6'°, 7"° et 8'° utrui- 
que postice lobatis, 9°° triangulari ; operculi parte libera 
trigona, apice acuto, apicem segmenti 8" dorsalis attiugente, 
lobis internis planis, apice acutis, ad apicem stylorum ana- 
lium extensis. 

Long. corp. fa-m. une. 2, lin. 5 ; cap. lin. 2f ; protb. lin. 
2f ; mesoth. lin. 2 ; abdom. lin. IG + lin. 5 = lin. 21 ; tegm. 
long. lin. 18, lat. lin. 7. 

Hab. Insula Ovalau ; Feejee Islands. 

The minute granulation of the head, legs, under side of 
the thorax, and margins of the segments of the body, is a 
peculiar character of this species. I have no hesitation in 
giving the insect described above as the female of P^. lohi- 
ventre of Blanchard. 
Plate XXXIX. Fig. 5. The female, of the natural size. 

7. (455.) Phylliiim bioculatum. 
Mas. Viridis; tegminibus ad medium segmenti 1"' abdo- 
minis extensis, absque hyaUnis, ad basin segmenti 8" abdo- 
minis extensis; abdomine maculis duabus nigro-ocellatis 
rotundatis, medio hyalinis ; abdomine ad basin valdc an- 
gustato, ad basin segmenti 4" sensim dilatato, hinc ad 
basin 7"°' sensim attenuate, reliquis subito angustatis; fe- 
moribus anticis dilatatis, membrana interna mediocri, mar- 
gine basali curvato et integro, apicali subdentato, membrana 
externa magna, subtriangulari, margine obtuse dentato ; 



B.M. 



tibiis 4 posticis membrana elongata apice emarginato in- 
structis. 

Long. Corp. maris, 2'' 4'" ; alar, expans. 3" 3'". 

Long. Corp. foem. 3" 2'" ; lat. corp. I" 7'". 

Pbyllium bioculatum, G. R. Gray in Griff. An. Kinyd. Ins. 

ii. 1 9 1 . pi. 63. f. 3 ; Syn. Phnsm. p. 30 ; and hi Zoologist, 

1843, i. 122. 
Burmeister, Handb. d. Ent. ii. 2. 590. 

Hab. In India orientali. In Mus. Brit, et liopeiano 
Oxonise. 

" Hub. Ins. Mauritius. In Mus. Hope." 

The original type of the male of this species, represented 
in Griffith's Animal Kingdom, is preserved in the Hopeian 
Collection. Except in the more gradually narrowed form 
of the fifth and sixth segments of the abdomen, this male 
seems to me scarcely to differ materially from that of Ph. 
Scythe. 

8. (456.) Phyllium Gelonus. 

Frem. Alis rudiraentalibus ; abdomine ad basin subaii- 
gusto, ad segmentum 3"'™ sensim dilatato, 4'" paulo latiori 
et ad latera rotundato, hinc ad apicem sensim angustato ; 
operculi parte libera acute triangulari, ad apicem segmenti 
8^' hand extensa, stylis internis acutis, vix ultra medium 
segmenti 9°' extensis, membranis ina3qualibus ; femoribus 
dilatatis, membrana interna Integra, margine basali curvato, 
apicali subdentato ; membrana externa magna, triangulari 
et subintegra ; femoribus intermediis (posticis detritis) sub- 
ovalibus, membranis a;qualibus, singulfe dimidio apicali vix 
sinuato ; tibiis anticis utrinque, intermediis extus lobatis. 

Long. corp. une. 2^ ; lat. segra. 4" abdom. Hn. 1". 

PhylUum crurifolium, mas?, Senille, H. N. Orth. p. 290. 
Phyllium Gelonus, G. R. Gray in Zoologist, 1843, i. 121. 
Hab. Insulis Sechellarum. B.M. 

9. (457.) Phyllium bilobatum. 

Foem. Alis rudinientalibus; tegminibus apice angusti- 
oribus ; abdomine ad basin angusto, sensim ultra medium 
segmenti 3"' dilatato, hinc ad apicem 5" attenuate, margi- 
nibus lateralibus segmenti 6" et 7""' postice lobatis, ultimo 
subito angustato ; operculi apice elongato-acuto, ad medium 
segmenti 9"' extenso, lobis internis acutis, ad apicem ab- 
dominis extensis ; femoribus anticis dilatatis ; membrana 
interna margine basali integro, apicali valde dentato, mem- 
brana externa ovali, Integra ; femoribus intermediis utrin- 
que, posticis intus dilatatis; tibiis anticis intus lobatis, tibiis 
quatuer posticis simplicibus. 

Long. corp. une. 2| ; lat. segm. 3'" abdom. lin. 16^. 
Phyllium bilobatum, G. R. Gray in Zoologist, 1843, i. 120. 

Hah. Ins. Philippinensibus. B-M. 



176 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



10. (-1.38.) Phyllium Agathyrsus. 

Foem. Alis rudiinentalibus ; abdomine latissimo, basi 
subangiisto, ad apicem segment! 3"" dilatato, 4'° ad basiu 
7""' seiisim atteiiuato, 7"° subito intus curvato, reliquis ad 
apicem valde attenuatis ; opereuli parte libera parva, apice 
obtuso ; stylis iuternis brevibus, acutis ; pedibus ut in Ph. 
Scythi formatis ; femoribus anticis valde dilatatis, mem- 
brana interna medioeri, margine basali integro, curvato, 
apicali acute dentato ; membrana externa magna, margine 
externo integro, et longe ultra coxam postice extenso, mar- 
gine basali acute serrate ; tibiis anticis utiinquo, posticis 4 
extus lobatis. 

Long. Corp. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 4 ; abdom. unc. 2 ; lat. bas. 
segm. 4"' abdom. lin. 1 9 ; lat. apic. segm. 0" abdom. lin. 14 ; 
long. tegm. lin. 24 ; lat. tegm. sing. lin. 8. 
Phyllium Agathyrsus, G.K. Gray In Zooloyist, 1843, p. 122. 

Hab. Ceylon. B.M. 

11. (459.) Phyllium Donovani. 

Pupa. Viridis ; abdomine ad basiu angusto, sensim ad 
medium segmenti 3'" dilatato, hinc ad apicem sensim atte- 
nuate, in medio maculis duabus byaliiiis subquadratis ; 
tibiis 4 posticis simplicibus. 

Long. Corp. 1" 5'"; lat. corp. 6f". 

Phyllium Donovani, Donovan, Ins. hid. pi. 11, fig. superior. 
G.R.Gray, Syn.Ph.asm.'^.2>\ ; and in Zoologist, i. 120. 
Hah. " One of the islan'ds of the Indian Seas." 

I feel satisfied, from an attentive examination of the de- 
velopment of the tegmina and wings in the two sexes of 
this genus, that Donovan's figure above referred to, not- 
withstanding the minute size (probably inaccurate) of the 
auteunce, is intended for the pupa of a male insect, and 
not that of a female, as suggested by Mr. G. R. Gray. 
Without a more precise knowledge of its locality, it seems 
scarcely possible to identify it with the perfect insect, of 
which it is in so immature a condition. 

12. (460.) Phyllium crurifolium. 

Fcpm. Folio desiccato similis ; capite supra subdepresso ; 
mesothoracis margine antico vix distincto, cariiiis laterali- 
bus alisque tuberculis spinosis distinctis, denticulis laterum 
vix distinctis ; tegminum margine suturali vena ciassa lon- 
gitudinali venas fortes obliquas emittente ; alis rudimenta- 
libus (2 lin. longis) ; pedibus concoloribus, femoribus an- 
ticis latissimis, membranis iuEequalibus, externa majori 
quam in Ph. siccifolio, triangulari, margine interne den- 
tato, membrana interna versus apicem denticulata ; tibiis 
anticis dilatatione foliacea utrinque valde distincta, interna 
latioii ; femoribus intermediis utrinque dilatatione rotunda 



lata, interna distincte denticulata ; femoribus posticis minus 
dilatatis, prwsertim externe ; dilatatione interna denticu- 
lata, angulo femorum 4 posticorum subtus denticulis non- 
nuUis armatis ; tibiis 4 posticis extus tantum foliaceis, in 
pedibus 2 posticis majoribus ; abdomine ovali ; opereuli 
parte postica abbreviata, obtusa vel subacuta et subtrigona ; 
lobis vaginre internis dimidium articuli 9"' vix attingen- 
tibus, angustis, aentis. 

Mas? LiBte viridis; tegminibus apicem segmenti 1°" ab- 
dominis hand attingentibus, 4" utrinque macula ocellata 
notato, dilatatione segmenti 1"' angusta, in 2°''° sensim la- 
tiori, 3"'° et 4'" reliquis latioribus ; antenuis 22-articulatis, 
setesis, articulorum apicibus intus acute productis, articulis 
penult, et antepenult, abbreviatis ; femoribus anticis dilata- 
tione externa obtuse trigona, margine interno hand denti- 
culato, dilatatione externa femorum intermediorum versus 
apicem distincte denticulata ; tibiis quatuor posticis extus 
lobatis. 

Long. Corp. foem. unc. 2f ; maris, 2^. 

Phvllium crurifolium, Serville, H. N. Orth. p. 291. 
Be Haan, Orth. Orient, p. 112. 
G. R. Gray in Zooloyist, 1843, i. 120. 
Hal/. In India orientali (Serville) ; Borneo {De Haan) ; 
Seychelles (Marchal). " Mas ex insulis Seychelles " (Ser- 
ville). B.M. 

The Hopeian Museum possesses two of the supposed 
males of this species : one from the Collection of M. Mar- 
chal, named by Serville, with "Seychelles" indicated as the 
habitat, in the handwriting of Latreille ; and the other, 
which I obtained from the Collection of Serville itself. I 
can discover no difference between these two specimens and 
the typical specimen of the male of Phyllium hioculatum, as 
represented from my drawing in Griffith's Animal Kingdom, 
both exhibiting traces of the two spots on the inner mar- 
gin of the fore femora, notwithstanding Serville, in a note, 
implies the want of these two marks, and consequently 
thereupon maintains the distinction of the two species. It 
is proper to observe also, that the margin of the basal half 
of the outer lobe of the fore femora exhibits traces of the 
three minute denticles which exist in the same part of the 
male of Ph. hioculatum. The Hopeian Collection also 
possesses several females of this species, also labelled from 
the Seychelles and East Indies, from the Collections of Mar- 
chal and Serville, which agree with the description given by 
Serville. 

13. (4G1.) Phyllium Dardauus, JVestw. 
Plate XL. fig. 5, male. 
Obscure fusco-luteiun ; autennis setesis, articulis brevi- 
oribus quam in Ph. cruri/olii mare, angulo interno apicali 



PHASMIDiE. PHYLLIUM. 



177 



prominente, ultra articulum 21""" fractis, articulo 21°'° prse- 
cedente baud breviori ; tegminibus apicem segment! 1™' ab- 
dominis baud attingeiite ; alis magnis, apicem extremum 
abdominis tegente ; femoribus anticis magnis, lobis iuEequa- 
libus, externo elongato-triangulari, margine basali 4-denti- 
culato, apicali fere inermi, recto, lobo interne in medio 
fere recto, margine apicali 3-denticuIato ; femoribus inter- 
mediis multo minoribus, lobis fere fequalibus, denticulatis ; 
femoribus posticis lobo externo valde angusto, margine 
integro, lobo interno ut in pedibus interniediis, tibiis auticis 
utrinque, posticis 4 tantum extus membrana auctis ; ab- 
domine (segmento 1°"" lateribus parallelis excepto) ovali, 
piano, baud biocellato, segmento 4'° basin versus reliquis 
parum latiori, hinc ad apicem 7""' sensim attenuate, duobus 
ultimis minutis. 

Long. corp. unc. 2, lin. 5 ; anten. (art. 21 basal.) Iin.l2; 
tegm. lin. 6 ; alar, expans. unc. 3, lin. 10 ; lat. segm. 4" 
bas. abdom. lin. 10 ; segm. 6" apic. lin. 6^ ; lat. fem. ant. 
lin. 31. 

Hab. Ins. Seychelles. In Mus. Hopeiano Oxoniee (e 
Mus. Marchal). 

I am compelled to propose a new species for the male 
insect above described, on account of the structure of the 
antennae, the length of the wings, the form of the abdo- 
men, and the want of the ocelli on the fourth segment of 
that part of the body. I do not know whether we may 
not already possess the legitimate female. In the general 
form of the legs it agrees with the male of Ph. crurifolium 
and Ph. Scythe, and, as in those species, the fore femora 
exhibit traces of the two pale marginal spots. 

Plate XL. Fig. 6. The male, of the natural size. 

14. (462.) Phyllium piilchrifolium. 

Lsete viride, parte postica tegminum rufescenti ; alis ru- 
dimentalibus ; femoribus omnibus foliaceis ; femorum anti- 
corum lobis inoequahbus, externis ter latioribus, iuternis 
valde angulatis trigonis ; femoribus mediis rhomboideis, 
dentatis ; tibiis anticis utrinque, mediis et posticis parte 
superiore foliaceis ; abdomine medio subquadrato, lateribus 
parallelis, segmentis duobus anticis angustioribus, 3"° in 
medio angulato, 7"°° ad apicem fere semieirculariter emar- 
ginato, 8'° multo angustiori ; operculo ad basin cum seg- 
mento 7"° ventrali fere connate, apice abbreviate obtuse vel 
subacute, ad medium segmenti 8" dersalis extcnso ; lobis 
vaginae internis dimidiuni articuli 9°' hand attingentibus, 
angustis, acutis (foem.). 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 3 ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. lin. 2 ; 
mesoth. lin. Z\ ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 17-f lin. C-L 



= lin. 23i; tegm. lin. 21 ; tegm. lat. lin. Si; lat. segm. 
4", 5" et 6" abdominis, lin. 1 7. 

Phyllium pulchrifolium, SerMU, H. N. Orth. p. 292. 

Be Haaii, Orth. Orient, p. 1 12. pi. 15. f. C, ten. 

G. R. Gray In Zoologist, 1843, i. 122. 
Walking Leaf, Edwards, Birds, t. 2.58? 

Hal). In insula Java (China, Borneo, Sumatra, DeHaan). 
Individua typica Servilleana in Mus. Hopeiano Oxonise. 



15. (463.) Phyllium Scythe. 
Plate XXXI. fig. 1, male; fig. 2, female. 

Mas. Capite, pro- et mesothorace gracilibus ; tegminibus 
paulo pone medium segmenti 1"" abdominis extensis ; alis 
latis, apice rotundatis ; abdomine ad basin valde angusto, 
segmento basali quadrate, ad medium 2''' sensim dilatate, 
3"° m medio obtuse angulato, 4'°, 5^° et 6'° subcequilatis, 
4'' basi parum latiori, 7"" snbito versus 8™" rotundato, 4'° 
bioculato ; femoribus anticis dilatatis, membrana interna 
angusta, elengata et valde incisa, membrana externa elon- 
gato-triangulari, margine externo integro, interno vix den- 
tate, femoribus et tibiis posticis ut in foemina. 

Foem. Alis rudimentalibus ; abdomine ad basin angusto, 
sensim ad medium segmenti 3'" dilatato, 4'° parum latiori 
basique parum arcuate, hinc ad "J^^^ sensim angustato, 7""° 
subite versus 8'^"'" rotundato incise, reliquis cenicis ; femo- 
ribus anticis dilatatis, membranis valde inaequalibus, mem- 
brana interna mediecri, ante medium profunde sinuata, apice 
irregulariter dentate, membrana externa magna, margine 
externo retundo integro, margine interne late sinuate-ser- 
rate, angule postice valde preducto ; femoribus intermediis 
late ovatis, membranse inferse margine tote, superse dimidie 
externo serratis ; femoribus posticis angustioribus, mem- 
brana infera parva semiovata serrata, supera valde angusta 
vix curvata ; tibiis duabus anticis membrana interna trigena, 
omnibus externe membrana elengata, in pedibus 4 pos- 
ticis apicem versus emarginata ; eperculi parte postica 
libera, abbreviata, ad medium segmenti 8" dersalis extensa, 
apice acute, lateribus emargiuatis ; lobis internis acutis, 
planis, angustis, ad medium segmenti 9°' extensis. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 2|-2f ; lat. corp. ad basin seg- 
menti 4" abdom. Un. 1 1 ; tegm. lin. 6 ; alar, expans. unc. 3f. 

Long. corp. fcem. magn. ordinar. unc. 3, lin. 7 ; cap. lin. 
S\ ; proth. lin. 3; mesoth. lin. 3^ ; metath. lin. 4^ ; abdom. 
lin. 22 -I- lin. 8 = lin. 30 ; long. tegm. lin. 25 ; lat. segm. 
4" abdom. lin. 20. 
PhyUium Scythe, G. R. Gray in Zoologist, 1843, i. 122. 

Hab. Sylhet. In Mus. Hopeiano, B.M., &c. 

A gigantic specimen of the female of this species is con- 
tained in the Ashmolean Museum, measuring A\ inches in 



178 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



length. Its proportions agree in all respects with those 
given above. 

The figures representing this species in PI. XXXI. have 
been drawn from a series of specimens preserved in spirits, 
in the Collection of W. W. Sainiders, Esq. It will be seen 
that in the more immature state the insect is destitute of the 
two ocelli-like marks on the fourth segment of the abdomen. 

A very interesting account of the habits, metamorphoses, 
and growth of a male specimen of this insect, reared in 
the Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh, has been pub- 
lished by Andrew Murray, Esq., in the ' Edinburgh New 
Philosophical Journal,' new series, January 1856; and the 



curiosity of the public to see this interesting animal during 
the eighteen months of its existence in the active state in 
one of the hot-houses of that establishment was so great, 
that the Curator of the Gardens, to whose care and judi- 
cious management the prolonged life of the insect was en- 
tirely due, found it necessary, for the health of the creature 
itself, to forbid its being shown on more than four days i 
the week. 

Plate XXXI. Fig. 1. The male, of the natural size. 1 a. 

The terminal segments of the abdomen seen from beneath. 

1 b. The male larva, full-grown. 1 c. The male pupa. 
Fig. 2. The female, of the natural size. 



ADDENDA. 



Page 5.— Sp. 10*. (464.) Bacillus Mozambicus, Westw. 

Elongatus, cylindricus ; capite obloiigo, antenuis capite 
plus duplo longioribus ; metathorace longitudine capitis, 
prothoracis et mesothoracis simul sumptis ; abJomine longo, 
gracili ; pedibus anticis longis, quatuor jjosticis brevioribus ; 
abdominis segmentis tribiis apicalibus oblongo-ovalibus, 
stylis aualibus elongatis, gracilibus, forcipatis. 

Long. corp. unc. 4 ; cap. lin, 2 ; anten. lin. 5 ; pioth. 

lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 1\ ; metath. lin. 1 1 ; abdom. lin. 20 

+ lin. 6=lin. 20. 

Hab. Mozambique. Mus. Berol. cum nomine " Bac- 
teria Capensis " Servillei iuscriptus. 

Page 9. — Sp. 20*. (46.3.) Bacillus Mafcassarinus, Westw. 

Gracilis, cylindricus, obscure fuscus, opacus, linea media 
lutescenti per tboracem et basin abdominis extensa ; capite 
spinis duabus inter oculos ; antennis capite duplo longiori- 
bus, gracilibus, 1 6-articulatis, articulo 1"° modice depresso, 
ultimo pr»cedentibus duobus sequali ; pronoto spinis duabus 
anticis, mesonoto duabus anticis, duabus ante, et duabus 
pone medium, alterisque duabus lateralibus ante pedes me- 
dios, metanoto spiuis duabus fere mediis, unica in medio 
marginis postici, alterisque duabus lateraliter porrectis ante 
pedes posticos, segmentisque sex basalibus abdominis spina 
erecta in medio marginis postici (magnitudine decres- 
ceutibus) armatis, segmentis tribus apicalibus ventralibus 
paulo dilatatis, 8'° in medio acute angulato ; pedibus graci- 
libus, inerraibus (mas). 

Long. Corp. lin. 21 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 4 ; proth. 
lin. If ; mesoth. lin. 5 ; metath. lin. 4 ; abdom. lin. 7^-f 
lin. 2i=lin. 10. 

Hab. Makassar {D. Wallace). In Mus.W.W. Saunders. 

Allied to Bacillus Barnis, ante, p. 8, PI. XXIII. f. 2, 3. 

Page 12. — Sp. 30. Bacillus australis. 
Specimens of both sexes of this species exist in the Ber- 
hn Museum, to which the manuscript name of B. spinicrus, 
Erichson, is applied. 



Page 23. — Sp. 7. Bacteria muricata. 

The following are the dimensions of both sexes of this 
species preserved in the Royal Museum of Berhn. They 
are labelled " Para." 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 4^; cap. lin. 2; anten. fere 
unc. 3 ; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 13 ; metath. lin. 9^ ; 
abdom. lin. 21 -f- lin. 4 = lin. 25. 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 6-j^ ; cap. lin. 3 ; anten. fere 
unc. 3j ; proth. lin. 21 ; mesoth. liu. 19 ; metath. lin. 12 ; 
abdom. unc. 2, lin. 10 -|- lin. b\ -1- operc. apic. lin. \\ = 
unc. 3, lin. 5. 

The operculum of the female extends about a line and a 
half beyond the truncated extremity of the terminal dorsal 
segment of the abdomen. The legs in this sex are mode- 
rately long, — less so, however, than in the male, in which 
they are very slender. 

Page 23. — Sp. 9. Bacteria hastata. 

I have examined and drawn the typical specimens of both 
sexes of this species in the Berlin Museum, of which the 
following are the relative measurements : — 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 2\; cap. lin. \\; anten. — ?; 
proth. lin. 1^; mesoth. lin. 9 ; metath. lin. 7; abdom. 
lin. 12 -I- lin. 4 = lin. 16. 

Long. corp. fcem. unc. A\ ; cap. lin. 3; anten. — .' ; 
proth. lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 12 ; metath. Uu. 10; abdom. 
lin. 20 -1- lin. 6 -f operc. ultra apicem abdominis extenso, 
hn. l]=lin. 37. 

Page 26. — Sp. 19. (71.) Bacteria (Bacuncnlus) spatulata. 
Deceived by the specimen from Chili, in the Jardin des 
Plantes, described and figured by M. Blanchard as Bac- 
teria spatulata, I considered that the Prisomera 1 Phyl- 
lopus of Gray was a distinct species. Having, however, 
subsequently examined the type-specimens of B. spatulata, 
described by Burmeister, in the Berlin Jluseum, I find the 
female identical with the Hopeian insect described by Gray, 

2 A 2 



180 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



and doubtfully considered by Burmeister as identical there- 
with. The name of the species will therefore stand — 

19. (71.) Bacteria (Bacunculus) phyllopoda. 

Syn. Prisomera ? phyllopus, G. R. Gray, Sijn. Phasm. p. 16 

(nee Acanthoderiis phyllopus, De Haan, ante, p. 50, sp. 9 

(137)). 
Bacteria (Bacunculus) spatulata, Btirmeister, Handb. d. 

Ent. ii. 560 (nee Blanchurd in Guys Hist. Chili, vi. 25, 

Orth. pi. 1. f. 6 : see siibtus). 

Hah. Valparaiso (Mus. Hopeiano Oxonise) et Chili (Mus. 
Berol.). 

The following is a detailed description of the female type, 
contained in tlie Hopeian Collection : — 

Body long and cylindrical, brownish green, rather shining; 
meso- and metathorax and basal segments of the abdomen 
finely granulated, especially the former. Head oblong, 
simple. Antennae very long and slender, with very long 
joints ; the hind margin of the metathorax and of the two 
basal segments of the abdomen with a small raised tubercle 
in the middle, the fifth segment with a larger tubercle in 
the same situation, the eighth with the middle of its hind 
margin raised into an obtuse conical point ; the operculum 
extending far beyond the extremity of the abdomen. The 
fore legs are moderately long and simple ; the middle and 
posterior are shorter and stronger ; their femora with two 
foliated lobes near the base on the under side, and two 
similar ones on the upper side near the tips. The four 
posterior tibiae have the apex triangularly dilated. The 
Berlin specimen of the female has the upper surface of the 
body rather more strongly granulated, and the five basal 
segments of the abdomen have the raised tubercle in the 
middle of the hind margin. The following are the dimen- 
sions of the Hopeian specimen of the female : — 

Long. Corp. foem. cum operc. unc. 5^ ; cap. liu. 3^ ; 
anten. unc. 2^; proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 13^ ; metath. 
lin. 9f ; abdom. lin. 22-1- lin. 6 -)- operc. ultra apicem ab- 
dom. extenso, lin. 8=lin. 36. 

'Note. — I think it not improbable that the typical spe- 
cimen of Bacteria foliacea of Blanchard {ante, p. 26, 
sp. 17 (70)) may prove to be a young individual of jB. 
phyllopoda. 

Page 26.— Sp. 19*. (466.) Bacteria Chilensis, /f'es^w. 
Elongata ; metathorace latiori ; capite inter oculos bi- 
spinoso ; mesothorace simplici, tuberculo minimo in medio 
partis posticse ; metathorace segmeutisque abdominis supra 
in medio marginis postici lobo tenui minuto trausverso in- 
structis ; pedibus anticis simplicibus, femoribus intermediis 
ad apicem lobo parvo instructis, tibiis mediis ad apicem 



paulo dilatatis (pedibus posticis et abdominis apice detritis) 
(foem.?). 

Long. Corp. unc. 4^ ; cap. lin. 3 ; proth. lin. 2\ ; me- 
soth. lin. 13 ; metath. lin. 9 ; abdom. unc. 2^. 

Hah. In Chili. In Mus. " Jardin des Plantes." 

Bacteria spatulata, Blanchard in Gay's Hist. Chili, vi. 25, 
Orth. pi. 1. f. 6 (nee Burmeister). 

The unique specimen in the Jardin des Plantes is muti- 
lated at the extremity of the body, so that its sex is not 
easily determined. I, however, believe it to be a female, 
from its general agreement in the proportions of its parts 
with that sex of B. phyllopoda. 

Page 27 Sp. 20*. (467.) Bacteria bituberculata, 

Schaum, MSS. 

Valde elongata, subcylindrica ; capite tuberculis duobus 
inter oculos ; pro-, meso- et metathoracibus cum abdomine 
inermibus, hujus segmentis tribus apicalibus abbreviatis ; 
opercnlo valde elongato ; pedibus mediocribus, femoribus 
anticis lobis tribus conicis paulo ante et pone medium, et 
prope apicem marginis superi positis ; tibiis anticis lobo 
simili ante medium armato, tarsorum articulo basali hand 
cristato ; femoribus intermediis spinis circiter 5 prope basin 
irregulariter in angulos positis, tibiisque spinis duabus ap- 
proximatis ante medium marginis superi ; femoribus pos- 
ticis tuberculis duobus conicis prope basin subtus alterisque 
duobus prope medium supra armatis, tibiisque tuberculis 
tribus inter basin et medium anguli superi instructis (fcem.). 

Long. Corp. foem. cum opercnlo, unc. 7^; cap. lin. 3 ; 
anten. unc. A^ ; proth. lin. 3 ; mesoth. lin. 17 ; metath. 
lin. 14 ; abdom. unc. 3 + lin. 6 -|- operc. ultra apicem ab- 
dominis extenso, iin. 1 1 =unc. 4, lin. 5. 

Hah. Inhambane (Mozambique). In Mus. Berol. 

Page 28. — Sp. 24. Bacteria striata. 

The following are the dimensions of the typical specimen 
of the male of this species contained in the Royal Museum 
of Berlin (the female described by Burmeister, from the 
same Museum, being evidently immature) : — 

Long. Corp. maris, unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 1^ ; anten. unc. 2^ ; 
proth. lin. 1^; mesoth. lin. 8 ; metath. lin. 7 ; abdom. lin. 
13-l-lin. 3 = lin. 16. 

This sex is extremely slender ; the prothorax is finely- 
granulated ; the legs very long and slender ; the terminal 
ventral segments of the abdomen produced very much be- 
neath, but not extending beyond the middle of the eighth 
dorsal segment ; and the anal styles are long, extending 
considerably beyond the extremity of the body, curved, 



ADDENDA. 



181 



slender, and crossing each other at the tips like a pair of 
forceps. 

Page49.— Sp.2*. (4(i8.) Acanthoderus Wallace!, Westm. 
Plate XL. fig. 7, male ; fig. 8, female. 
Gracilis ; pedibus longitudine mediocribus, femoribus 4 
posticis prope apicem subtus spinis nonnullis niinutis ar- 
matis ; prothorace spinis duabus anticis et una postica ; 
mesothorace spina in medio marginis postici duabusque 
lateralibus ; metathorace spina erecta pone medium altera- 
que in medio marginis postici duabusque lateralibus ; seg- 
mentis abdominalibus spina unica in medio marginis postici 
(3"* multo majori) armatis. 

Mas. Fere laevis, cylindricus, rufo-luteus ; femoribus 
margineque postico segmentorum viridi tinctis. 

Foem. Robustior, granulosa, fusca, segmento ultimo ab- 
dominis in caudam elongatam corneam recurvam apice 
acutam subtus concavam producto. 

Long. corp. maris, unc. 2^ ; cap. lin. 1^ ; anten. lin. 24 ; 
proth. lin. 1^; mesoth. lin. 7; metath. lin. 5 ; abdom. 
lin. 10 + lin. 2 = lin. 12. 

Long. Corp. fcEm. unc. 3^ ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. unc. 2^ ; 
proth. lin. 2; mesoth. lin. 10; metath. lin. 6; abdom. 
lin. 14 + lin. 9 = lin. 23. 

Hab. In insula Am prope Nov. Guineam (D. Wallace). 
In Mus. Hopeiano Osonise, W. W. Saunders, et B.M. 

The two sexes of this curious species differ greatly in 
appearance, although the identity in the arrangement of 
the spines with which they are armed admits of no doubt 
as to their being legitimately united. The singular struc- 
ture of the terminal segments of the abdomen of the female 
especially merits attention, 

Plate XL. Fig. 7. The male, of the natural size. 7 a- The 
terminal segments of the body seen sideways. 

Fig. 8. The female, of the natural size. 8 a. The second and third 
segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 8 b. The termi- 
nal segments of the abdomen seen sideways. 

Page 74. — Sp. 4*. (469.) Phibalosoma ApoUonius, TVestw. 
Plate XL. fig. 4, female. 
FcEminae prsecedentis {Ph. Pythonio) valde affiuis et 
ejusdem magnitudinis, differt tamen capite et mesothorace, 
pro ratione, evidenter longioribus ; mesonoti disco et late- 
ribus spinis validis armatis, spinisque epimerarum meso- et 
metathoracis multo niajoribus ; segmentis abdominalibus 
basalibus parum brevioribus, horum l"" ad 6""° lamina ro- 
tundata plana utrinque instructis ; operculo breviori, stylis 
duobus internis ultra operculi apicem retro-extensis ; pe- 
dibus anticis latioribus, femoribus membrana lata serrata I 



extus instructis ; pedibus quatuor posticis brevioribus et 
crassioribus (foem.). 

Long. Corp. fcem. unc. ii\ ; cap. lin. 6^ ; anten. Un. 24 ; 
proth. hn. G; mesoth. lin. 21 ; metath. lin. 13; abdom. 
unc. 3, lin. 9 + Hn. 9-(-operc. ultra apicem abdom. lin. 4 = 
unc. 4, lin. 10. 

Hab. In insula Vanua Levu, " Feejee Islands" {D. F. 
M. Rayner). 

Specimens of this fine insect were collected by F. M. 
Rayner, Esq., Surgeon R.N., of H.M.S. 'Herald' (Capt. 
Denham, R.N.), in September 1857. Although here given 
as a distinct species, it will require a knowledge of the male 
to determine satisfactorily whether it ought to take a higher 
rank than that of a local variety of Ph. Pythonius, to which 
it bears so strong a general resemblance. 
Plate XL. Fig. 4. The female, of the natural size. 

Page 82. — Sp. 1 . Heteropteryx dilatata. 

A specimen of the female of this remarkable species has 
recently been obtained by W. W. Saunders, Esq., from 
Borneo, agreeing with the original figure, and of which the 
following are the proportions : — 

Long. Corp. foem. cum operc. unc. 6^ ; cap. lin. 6 ; anten. 
— ? ; proth. lin. 6 ; mesoth. lin. 1 1 ; metath. lin. 1 1 ; ab- 
dom. lin. 25-|-lin. 1 2 -f segmentum supplem. lin. 6i=lin. 
43i ; tegm. lin. 23. 

The wings, when closed, extend to the extremity of the 
tegmina, which reach to the extremity of the second seg- 
ment of the abdomen ; the ninth segment is followed by a 
supplemental joint, which is flat above, rather constricted 
in the middle, terminated by a small narrowed part bifid 
at its extremity ; the operculum is large and boat-shaped, 
and extends to the extremity of this supplemental tenth 
dorsal segment. 

Page 122.— Sp. 17. Phasma Pholcus. 
Mr. Bates has sent specimens of the female of this spe- 
cies from Ega, which are rather larger than the males ; the 
fore tibiee with obscure transverse fasciae, and the costal 
area slightly clouded ; the posterior area of a browner co- 
lour, and not so grey as in the male. 

Page 128. — Sp. 3. Necroscia diacanthos. 
A female of this species, collected at Sarawak, in Borneo, 
by Mr. Wallace, is in the Collection of W. W. Saunders, 
Esq., of the same size as the female described and figured 
above, but with the head produced into two short spines at 
the top of the crown, the antennee with four white rings 



182 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



(the first at a distance of an inch from the base), and the 
costal portion of the wings without any darker shades. 

A specimen of the male, also from Sarawak, is contained 
in the same Collection, ratlier larger than that described 
and figured above, — the thorax not being quite so long, the 
hind femora rather (1 line) shorter, the hind tibiae of equal 
length ; the expansion of the wings 2 inches 1 1 lines ; the 
top of the head produced into two small points ; and the 
antennae with several not very distinct white rings. 

Page 157. — Sp. 78*. (^70.) Necroscia Hippoljrte, Westw. 

Mediocriter elougata ; capite rotundato, convexo ; meso- 
thorace abbreviato, supra in medio tuberculis duobus ro- 
tundatis instructo ; tegminibus miuutis, carina absque 



elevatione prope basin ; alls magnis, arese costalis vena me- 
diana paulo ante medium bifida, venulis transversis rectis 
numerosis ; abdomine simplici, operculo depresso, medium 
segmenti 9"' dorsalis attingente ; pedibus perbrevibus, sim- 
plicibus, femoribus auticis ad basin curvatis ; capite, tho- 
race, tegminibus, pedibus et area costali alarum flavo-viri- 
dibus ; capite postice lineis nonnullis longitudinalibus ceeru- 
leo-viridibus ; area postica alarum albida fulvo parum tincta, 
versus apicem paulo infuscata ; antennis et palpis lutes- 
centibus ; abdomine (desiccate) obscuro (foem.). 

Long. corp. foem. unc. 2, lin. 7 ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. 
lin. 18; proth. lin. 2 ; mesoth. lin. 3 ; metath. lin. 6 ; 
abdom. lin. 15 + lin. 3=lin. 18 ; tegm. lin. 2 ; alar, expans. 
unc. -1. 

Ila/j. MakaasariD. JT'allace). In Mus. W.W. Saunders. 



UNDETERMINED SPECIES. 



1 . Bacteria Sei-villei. 

" Male. Brun, tres-allonge, cylindrique. Pattes greles, 
non epiueuses ; une petite epine sur chaque segment du 
thorax au-dessus de 1' insertion des pattes, et deux autres 
sur les cotes du metathorax. Anteuues longues de seize 
lignes, setac^es. Articles des tarses de meme largeur par- 
tout. 

" Femelle. Semblable an male, mais plus grande, et non 
munie d'epines sur le milieu du corselet. 

" Long. 2 pouces ( (^ ), 3 pouces ( $ )." 

Bacteria Servdlei, Montrouzier in Ann. Sci. Phys. et Nat. 
de Lyon, 2 s^r. t. vii. p. 8. 
Hab. Woodlark Island. 

" Cette espece n'est pas une vraie Bacterie, n'ayant pas 
le premier et le dernier article des tarses plus large que les 
intermediaires, et il est probable qu'il fait partie d'un des 
douze genres de M. Gray sur les Phasmiens Apteres ; mais 
ne possedant pas I'ouvrage de ce savant, je ne puis pas 
I'assurer." 

2. Pachymorpha longipeimis. 
"Brun. Ailes roses a la base, brunes tachees de blanc 
a la partie raembraneusc. La tete est ovale, bombee, munie 



d'ocelles, pluS grosse que le thorax. Le mesothorax est 
granuleux. Les elytres n'atteignent pas les jambes poste- 
rieures ; mais les ailes, plus de quatre fois plus longues, 
arrivent presque jusqu'a I'extre'mite de I'abdomen. 

" Long. 5 pouces." 

Hsec species cum praecedente ab incolis devoratur teste 
U. Montrouzier. 

Pachymorpha longipennis, Montrouzier in Ann. Sci. Phys. 
et Nat. de Lyon, 2 ser. t. vii. p. 81. 

Hab. Woodlark Island. 



3. Pachymorpha Grayi. 
" Brun, gris, ou verdatre selon I'age. Tete ovale, bombee ; 
yeux saillants ; deux petits ocelles ; un sillon Icger longitu- 
dinal sur le vertex. Antennes cinq fois plus courtes que 
le corps, de plus de vingt articles. Prothorax de la largeur 
de la tSte, sillonne en long et transversalement, quatre 
fois plus court que le me'sothorax ; celui-ci granuleux. 
Elytres courtes, dcpassant a peine les pattes poste'rieures, 
brunes, a nervures saillantes. Ailes grandes, deux fois et 
demie plus longues que les elytres, leur partie coriace grise, 
rose a la base ; la partie membraneuse brune, tache'e de blanc 
transparent. Les pattes sont a pen pres de la meme gran- 



UNDETERMINED SPECIES. 



183 



deur, triangulaires, et armees d' opines sur tous les angles 
excepte' sur I'interieur de la premiere paire. 

" Cette espece est ideutique pour les formes et la taille 
avec le P. squalida de la Nouvelle Hollande, mais elle s'en 
distingue par ses couleurs. 

" Long. 7i pouces." 

Pachymorpha Grayi, Montrouzier in Ann. Sci. Phys. et 
Nat. de Lyon, 2 ser. t. vii. p. 80. 
Hab. Woodlark Island. 



4. Phasma elongata. 
" Aptera ; thorace Isevi ; corpore cinereo. Corpus teres, 
Iseve, fuseum, palmare, fili crassioris crassitie, immacu- 
latum." 

Phasma elongata, Thunberg in Mem. Acad. Petersbourg, v. 
299. 
Hab. ? 

5. Phasma trigona. 

" Aptera, trigona, viridis ; thorace scabro. Corpus 
apterum, viride, trigonum, glabrum, Iseve, angulis integris, 
tripollicare. Pedes omnes virides." 

Phasma trigona, Thunherg in M^m. Acad. Petersb. v. 300. 
Hab. ? 

6. Phasma inermis. 

" Aptera, Isevis, viridis ; pedibus inermibus. Similis valde 
P. labiatcB, sed paulo crassior, tota viridis, uec lateribus 
capitis et thoracis flava ; antennse filiformes, attenuatte, un- 
guiculares ; thorax convexus, Isevis ; pedes inermes." 
Phasma inermis, Thunberg in Mem. Acad. Petersb. \. 300. 

Hab. ? 

7. Phasma labiata. 

" Aptera, teres, viridis ; thoracis lateribus flavis. Corpus 
teres, Iseve, viride, bipollicare ; labium argenteura ; palpi 
rufi ; antennse filiformes, setacese, semipoUicares ; caput 
planiusculum, postice flavo-bilineatum ; thorax convexus, 
lateribus flavus ; abdomen basi testaceum, apice viride ; 
pedes inermes." 

Phasma labiata, Thunberg in Mem. Acad. Petersb. v. 300. 
Hnh. ? 

8. Phasma coronata. 

" Aptera ; thorace spinoso ; capite spiuis duabus serratis. 
Corpus totum teres, fuseum, digitale, crassitie calami scrip- 



toris ; caput postice bispinosum, spinis compressis erectis 
serratis ; thorax spinulosus et scaber ; abdomen antice as- 
perum, postice Isevius." 

Phasma coronata, Thunberg in Mem. Acad. Petersb. v. 299. 
Hab. ? 

9. Phasma hicornis. 
" Aptera, trigona, cinerea, vertice bispinoso. Corpus 
totum subdepressum, trigono-angulatum, cinereum, scabri- 
dum, bipollicare ; caput scabrum, cornubus antice duobiis 
prominulis ; thorax antice sulcatus, cornubus duobus minutis 
armatus, lateribus integer ; pedes inermes." 

Phasma bicornis, Thunberg in Mem. Acad. Petersb. v. 299. 
Hab. ? 

10. Phasma bidentata. 

" Thorace Isevi ; trigona, viridis ; femoribus bidentatis ; 
alls fuscis albo-maculatis. Corpus subtrigonum, Iseve, fla- 
vescens, palmare, crassitie calami ; thorax Isevis, pollicaris ; 
hemelytra lineam longa, fusca, maculis plurimis albis ; fe- 
mora basi bidentata." 
Phasma bidentata, Thunberg in Mem. Acad. Petersb.v. 298. 

Hab. ? 

1 1 . Phasma costata. 

" Thorace scabro, alis fuscis nigro irroratis, bemelytris 
costato-angulatis. Corpus teres, subpalmare, totum fuseum ; 
thorax teres, scaber, unguicularis ; hemelytra alis octies bre- 
viora, subrugosa, singularia ob costam elevatam flexuosam 
exstantem et planitiem supra formantem ; alse convolutse, 
fuscse, punctis nigris sparsis irroratse." 

Phasma costata, Thunberg in Mem. Acad. Petersb. v. 297. 
Hab. ? 

12. Phasma lugeus. 

" Thorace tereti, scabro ; alis nigris maculis fenestratis, 
basi rufa. Corpus teres, fuseum, palmare, crassitie calami 
dimidia ; thorax teres, rarioribus papillis scaber, pollicaris ; 
abdomen Iseve, alis paulo longius ; hemelytra brevissima, 
alis octies breviora ; alse fuscse, margine opaco, basi rufse. 
CEeterum totse fuscfe maculis sparsis fenestratis albis." 
Phasma lugens, Thunberg in Mem. Acad. Petersb. v. 297. 

Hab. ? 

13. Phasma grandis. 

" Cinerea, tota Isevis, glabra. Hemelytra vix poUicaria, 
convexa, medio costata ; alse plus duplo longiores, abdomine 



184 



CATALOGUE OF ORTHOPTEROUS INSECTS. 



fere duplo breviores ; abdomen magis latum quam in Ph . 
gig ante. 

" Duplo minor P. gig(i?ite." 

Phasma grandis, Thunberg, Hemipf. Max. Gen. Illustr. in 
Mem. Acad. Sf. Pltersh. v. 295. 

Rah. ? 



The above is the whole of Thunberg' s description of this 
insect, of which also he has omitted to publish the habitat. 

Ohs. Phasma aciculuris, Stoll {Phasma, pi. 25. f. 97). 
referred to Mantis by Mr. G. R. Gray {Syn. Phasm. p. 44), 
appears to me to be a specimen of a Ranatra deprived of 
its tails. 



P.S. — Mr. Bates has just forwarded to England a remarl 
p. 164.— Sp. 4*. (471.) Dinelytron Batesianum, JVestw. 

Elongatum, cylindiicum, locve ; capitis viridis vertice eouico, 
elevato, bispinoso ; prothovace uigricante ; mesothorace bievis- 
sirao, albo ; metathoiaee abdomineque piceis ; tegminibus nigris 
macula maxima costab alba; alis nigris macula magna basali 
triangulari alba; pedibus obscure viridibus (foem.). 

Long. Corp. unc. 2} ; cap. lin. 2 ; anten. lin. 12H ? ; pioth. 

lin. Ij; raesoth. lin. 2J ; metatb.lin. 5 ; abdom. lin. 1.35 + lin.3 
=lin. 16j ; tegm. lin. 10 ; alar, expans. unc. 3. 

Hab. In Brasilia, ad fluv. Amaz. super. (I). Bates). 

Closely allied to D. Zymbreeus. Head green, lar re, hind part 
conically elevated, and armed with two acute divergent black 
spines, separated by an impressed line. Ocelli wanting. An- 
tennae moderately long, the 4th to the 9th joints sliort, the re- 
mainder gradually elongated and black ; first and second green. 
Prothorax quadrate, glabrous, dirty blackish, with a transverse 
impression in front. Mesothoiax rather longer than the pro- 



able species, of which the following are the characters : — 

j thorax ; cream-white, except at its dirty posterior margin, witli 

I a very thin central green line. Metathorax and abdunicu 

I pitchy and glossy ; three terminal segments of the latter short 

and compressed ; two anal styles short, slender, and divergent. 

I Operculum thin and flat, not extending beyond the eighth dorsal 

I segment. Tcgmina oval, half the length of the wings, slightly 

elevated towards the base ; black, marked with a large oblong 

I cream-white patch along the costal area, extending into an oval 

' spot on the disc between tlie middle and base. Wings large and 

black, with a large triangular cream-white spot extending from 

near the base to beyond the middle of the wing, and reaching 

from the costal margin halfway across the wing ; chief vein of the 

costal area trifid. Legs short, spineless, dirty greenish black ; fore 

femora slightly curved ; under side of the body pitchy brown, with 

the metasternum i)ale dirty white, except at its hinder margin. 

I have named this species after its discoverer, to whose inde- 
fatigable exertions m ISrazil, English entomologists are indebted 
for many of the finest acquisitions to their cabinets. 



DESCRIPTION OF THE PLATES. 



Plate 


I. 


Fig. I. 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 




Fig. 4. 




Fig. 5. 




Fig. 6. 




Fig- /• 


II. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 




Fig. 4. 




Fig. 5. 




Fig. 6. 




Fig. 7. 




Fig. 8. 


III. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 




Fig. 4. 




Fig. 5. 




Fig. 6. 




Fig. 7. 




Fig. 8. 


IV. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 




Fig. 4. 




Fig. 5. 




Fig. 6. 




Fig. 7. 




Fig. 8. 



Eurycautha australis, TT'estwood, male 
Eurycantlia australis, TJ^., female . 
Acanthoderus Mimas, JF., male . 
Pachymorpba Hystriculea, JV., female 

Ceroys histriuus, IF., female 

Auisomorpha ? Cerberus, W., male 
Phasma plamilum, W., female . . . 



Eurycantlia Tyrrhseus, TV., female. 
Pygirhyncluis Ijjhiclus, /7'., female 
Anophelcpis Scytlirus, TV., male. . . 
Bacillus Stellenboschus, W., male . . 
Pacbymorpha ? Omphale, TF., female 
Acantboderus Bufo, 77'., female ? . . 

Bacillus humilis, 77''., female 

Eurycantlia olivacea, 77'., male .... 



Anophelepis despecta, JF., female ?. . 
Acantboderus prasinus, 77-^., female 
Anopbelepis vittata, 77-^., female .... 
Pbasma graniferum, 77^., female. . . . 
Anisomorpba Paromalus, 77'., female 
Anophelepis despecta, 77^., male. . . . 
Heteropteryx De Haanii, 77'., female 
Loucliodes Systropedon, 77^., female 

Anisomorpba Paromalus, 77'., male. . 
Platycrauia Alpheus, 77^., female. . . . 
Acantboderus ranarius, JF., female. . 
Anophelepis Xipbias, TF., male .... 
Anophelepis Xipbias, 77'., female . . 
Loncbodes Pseudoporus, 77'., male. . 

Ceroys ignavus, 77'., female 

Loncbodes Stompbas, 77',, male. . . . 



Page 

Lord liowe's Island 6.') 

Lord Howe's Island 65 

Ceylon o.t 

New Zealand ... 16 

Venezuela 60 

Ceylon 19 

St. Domingo 34 

New Hebrides 64 

Columbia 58 

Mexico 68 

Cape of Good Hope 5 

South Africa 16 

Philippine Islands 51 

Ceylon 7 

Ceylon 65 

India 68 

New Zealand 49 

Mexico 69 

Philippine Islands 35 

Venezuela 17 

India 68 

Borneo 83 

Phili]ipine Islands , 44 

Venezuela 17 

Ceylon 112 

Philippine Islands 53 

Amboyua 71 

Amboyna 71 

Ceylon 42 

Brazil 61 

Hons Kong 38 



186 DESCRIPTION OF THE PLATES. 

Plate Page 

V. Fig. 1 . Anisomorpha pardalina, TT., male .... Chili 18 

Fig. 2. Anisomori)l)a pardalina, JF., female . . Chili 18 

Fig. 3. Bacteria Emesa, JF., male ? 30 

Fig. 4. Bacillus Dolomedes, JF., female New Holland 13 

Fig. 5. Bacteria Trophinus, JJ\, male Natal 30 

Fig. 6. Lonchodes Pfeifferse, JJ^., female .... Ceram 44 

Fig. 7. Lonchodes Nematodes, DeH., male . . Sumatra ; Singapore 42 

VI. Fig. 1. Bacillus Hyphereon, JF., female East India ; Ceylon 9 

Fig. 2. Bacillus Cuuiculus, JF., female Ceylon and India 8 

Fig. 3. Lonchodes Praon, JJ^., male Ceylon 41 

Fig. 4. Lonchodes Cyllabacus, JF., female . . Ceylon 45 

Fig. 5. Lonchodes Feruloides, JJ^., female Philippine Islands ; Java 4.") 

Fig. 6. Lonchodes Taprobanse, JJ^., female . . Ceylon 41 

VII. Fig. 1 . Bacillus Peristhenes, W^., male Australia 13 

Fig. 2. Lonchodes Confucius, JT^., male China 46 

Fig. 3. Lonchodes Confucius, JJ^., female .... China 46 

Fig. 4. Cyphecrania aestuans, JF., female .... Congo 109 

Fig. 5. Bacillus Coccyx, JJ'., female South Africa 6 

Fig. 6. Bacillus annulatus, JF., male ? 14 

Fig. 7. Bacteria Cyphus, JF., male ? 24 

Fig. 8. Bacillus Souchongia, JF., male China 11 

Fig. 9. Lonchodes Porus, JF., male India 42 

VIII. Fig. 1 . Bacteria tenuis, JV., male ? 31 

Fig. 2. Anophelepis Periphanes, JF., female . . Australia 70 

Fig. 2 b, e. Bacillus Peridromes, JF., female . . Australia 13 

Fig. 3. Anophelepis Telesphorus, JF., male . . Australia 69 

Fig. 4. Bacteria turgida, JF., male Venezuela 28 

Fig. 5. Bacillus gracilipes, JJ^., male Sierra Leone 5 

Fig. 6. Bacteria Shiva, IF., female India 32 

Fig. 7. Anophelepis Telesphorus, JF., female. . Australia 69 

Fig, 8. Bacteria Baucis, JJ^., female ? 21 

Fig. 9. Bacteria turgida, JJ^., female Venezuela 28 

Fig. 10. Anophelei)is Rhipheus, JJ^., female . . Svpan River 70 

IX. Fig. 1. Necroscia Erechtheus, JJ'., male Ceylon 142 

Fig. 2. Aschipasma Pandora, JJ"., male Philipjjine Islands 92 

Fig. 3. Necroscia Stygius, JF., male Philippine Islands 136 

Fig. 4. Aschipasma nebulosum, JF., male .... Ceylon 93 

Fig. 5. Cyphocrania Pasimachus, JF., female. . New Holland 109 

Fig. 6. Necroscia Sparaxes, JF., male Ceylon 153 

Fig. 7. Aschipasma crudele, JF., female Ceylon 96 

Fig. 8. Necroscia Passalus, JJ^., male Ceylon 132 

X. Fig. 1. Phasma Puppeius, TJ"., male Brazil 125 

Fig. 2. Phasma Pholcus, JJ^., male Brazil 122 

Fig. 3. Phasma Valgius, 77'., male ? 1 26 

Fig. 4. Necroscia Euryalus, JF., male Ceylon 144 

Fig. 5. Palophus Haworthii, G. R. Gray, male. South Africa 90 

Fig. 6. Necroscia Samsoo, 77^., female China 132 

Fig. 7. Necroscia ^salus, 77^., female Ceylon 133 



DESCRIPTION OF THE PLATES. 187 

Plate Page 

XI. Fig. 1 . Haplopus Ligia, TF., male St. Domingo 89 

Fig. 2. Haplopus Ligia, W., female St. Domingo 89 

Fig. 3. Phibalosoma Cryphaleus, JF., male . . Brazil 78 

Fig. 4. Lopaphus Gorgus, TF., female Australia 102 

Fig. 5. Phasma Paxillus, TF., male Brazil 127 

Fig. 6. Necroscia Palinurus, /F., female Philippine Islands 135 

XII. Fig. 1. Phibalosoma Pythonius, TT'^., female . . Feejee Islands 73 

Fig. 2. Necroscia Ceramia, 77''., male Ceram 141 

Fig. 3. Necroscia Erechtheus, TF., male, var. . . Ceylon 142 

Fig. 4. Necroscia Pansetius, 77-^., male Ceylon 144 

Fig. 5. Phasma Phantasma, 77'., male Brazil 126 

XIII. Fig. 1. Phibalosoma Ditomus, 77^., male Brazil 78 

Fig. 2. Necroscia Cyllarus, 77'., male Jamaica 155 

Fig. 3. Phasma ambiguuui, S/oll, male Brazil 123 

Fig. 4. Phibalosoma Ploiiuia, 77'., male North America 79 

Fig. 5. Dinelytron Merismus, 77^., male Venezuela 164 

Fig. 6. Phibalosoma Hypharpax, TF., male. . . . Ceylon 7-> 

XIV. Fig. 1. Metriotes Bubastes, TF., female Brazil 15!) 

Fig. 2. Phasma Gambrisius, 77'., male Venezuela 118 

Fig. 3. Necroscia Mancinus, 77'., male ? Philippine Islands 144 

Fig. 4. Metriotes Santara, 77^., female Brazil 159 

Fig. 5. Necroscia Cyllarus, TF., female Jamaica 155 

Fig. 6. Necroscia Erechtheus, 77-^., female .... Ceylon ; Borneo 142 

XV. Fig. 1 . Metriotes Diodes, TF., female Columbia 161 

Fig. 2. Aschipasma annulipes, 77'., male, var.. , Malacca 92 

Fig. 3. Dinelytron Zymbreeus, 77'., female .... Magdalena 163 

Fig. 4. Aschipasma Peleus, G. B. G., female . . Malabar 96 

Fig. 5. Necroscia Carterus, 77'., female New Holland 138 

Fig. 6. Metriotes Myrsilus, TF., female Columbia 160 

Fig. 7. Metriotes Dictys, 77^., female Columbia ? 160 

XVI. Fig. 1. Necroscia Sarpedon, 77'., female North Australia 139 

Fig. 2. Necroscia Virbius, TF., male Malacca 154 

Fig. 3. Necroscia Hemus, 77^^., male Malacca , . 154 

Fig. 4. Necroscia Esacus, 77^., female Singapore 132 

Fig. 5. Necroscia Esepus, 77^., male Malacca 129 

Fig. 6. Necroscia Salmanazar, 77^., female .... Philippine Islands 133 

XVII. Fig. 1. Phasma Phlegyas, 7F., ? Brazil 125 

Fig. 2. Phasma Menius, 77^., male Columbia 118 

Fig. 3. Phasma Soranus, 77^., female Columbia 127 

Fig. 4. Necroscia Pholidotus, 77'., female .... Assam 143 

Fig. 5. Phasma Stabilinus, 77^., female Brazil 124 

Fig. 6. Necroscia Sangarus, TF., female Borneo 156 

XVIII. Fig. 1 . Necroscia Tages, TF., male East India 152 

Fig. 2. Aschipasma Daunus, TF., female Java 98 

Fig. 3. Aschipasma Catadromus, TF., female . . Sumatra 94 

Fig. 4. Necroscia Sipylus, 77^., female Assam 138 

Fig. 5. Haplopus Cytherea, TF., male St. Domingo 86 

Fig. 6. Haplopus Evadne, TF., male St. Domingo 85 



188 



Plate 
XIX. 



XX. 



XXI. 



XXII. 



XXIII. 



XXIV. 



DESCRIPTION OF THE 

Fig. 1 . Necroscia Marmessus, W., female .... 

Fig. 2. Necroscia lolas, IF., male 

Fig. 3. Aschipasma Eryx, W., male 

Fig. 4. Necroscia Meneptolemus, TF., male. . . . 

Fig. 5. Necroscia diacuuthos, De H., male .... 

Fig. 6. Necroscia Jiacauthos, Del/., female .. 

Fig. 7. Necroscia Marmessus, W., male 

Fig. 1 . Prisopus Cepus, W., male 

Fig. 2. Aschipasma Daunus, W., male 

Fig. 3. Aschipasma Darnis, TF., male 

Fig. 4. Necroscia Sparaxes, TF., female 

Fig. 5. Necroscia Casignetus, TF., female .... 

Fig. 6. Necroscia Pholidotus, TF., male 

Fig. 7. Prisopus Berosus, IF., male 

Fig. 1. Prisopus Guerinii, TT^., male 

Fig. 2. Phasma Cneius, TF., female 

Fig. 3. Phibalosoma Caprella, TF., male 

Fig. 4. Necroscia Gadarama, TT'., female 

Fig. 5. Necroscia atricoxis, TF., female 

Fig. 6. Dinelytron? Agrion, TV., male 

Fig. 1. Bacillus Indicus, G. R. G., female . . . . 

Fig. 2. Bacillus Beroe, TF., female 

Fig. 3. Bacteria jEtolus, TT\, female 

Fig. 4. Pachymorpha scjualida, Hope, female . . 

Fig. 5. Bacillus Eegulus, TF., female 

Fig. 6. Ceroys Rabdota, TV., female 

Fig. 7. Phasma Havauiense, M'L., female . . . . 

Fig. 1. Loncliodes Trollius, TF., male 

Fig. 2. Bacillus Darnis, TF., male 

Fig. 3. Bacillus Darnis, TF., female 

Fig. 4. Bacteria Arumatia, var. ?, Stoll, female. 

Fig. 5. Lonchodes Steira, TF., male 

Fig. 6. Bacillus Alauna, TF., ? 

Fig. 7. Bacillus Natalis, TF., male 

Fig. 8. Bacillus Natalis, TF., female 

Fig. 9. Bacillus Amathia, TF., female 

Fig. 1 . Ceroys Columbina, TF., female 

Fig. 2. Bacteria Thestylis, TF., male 

Fig. 3. Bacteria Molita, TF., male 

Fig. 4. Bacteria Molorcha, JT"., female 

Fig. 5. Acauthoderus Tolima, TF., male 

Fig. 6. Bacteria strigiveutris, TV., female . . . . 

Fig. 7. Lonchodes Myrina, TF., male 

Fig. 8. Lonchodes hrematomus, TF., male . . . . 

Fig. 9. Lonchodes Crishna, TF., female 

Fig. 10. Lonchodes Amaurops, TF., female . . . . 

Fig. 1 1 . Bacteria Eutrachelia, TF., female 

Fig. 12. Lonchodes Taprobanse, TF., male . . . . 



PLATES. 

Page 

Borneo, &c 149 

Malacca 145 

Malacca 97 

Singapore 141 

Malacca 128 

Malacca 128 

Borneo, &c 149 

Bolivia 169 

Java 98 

Java 97 

East India and Ceylon 153 

Assam 147 

Assam 143 

Panama 1 C8 

Mauritius 170 

Brazil 124 

New Holland ? 76 

Java 130 

East India 146 

Brazil 1 64 

East India 7 

East India 8 

Mexico 27 

Australia 15 

East India 8 

Columbia 61 

Havannah 34 

Philippine Islands 40 

Borneo 8 

Borneo 8 

Columbia 22 

Amboyna 40 

East India 10 

Port Natal 6 

Port Natal 6 

East India H 

Columbia 62 

Columbia 29 

Columbia 29 

Columbia 29 

Columbia 56 

Columbia , 28 

East India 38 

Borneo 39 

Java 44 

Borneo 43 

Nevp Holland 32 

Ceylon 41 



Plate 
XXV. 



XXVI. 



XXVI I. 



XXVIII. 



XXIX. 



XXX. 



Fig. 1. 


Fig. 2. 


Fig. 3. 


Fig. 4. 


Fig. 5. 


Fig. 6. 


Fig. 7. 


Fig. 8. 


Fig. 9. 


Fig. 10. 


Fig. 11. 


Fig. 1. 


Fig. 2. 


Fig. 3. 


Fig. 4. 


Fig. 5. 


Fig. 6. 


Fig. 7. 


Fig. 8. 


Fig. 9. 



DESCRIPTION OF THE PLATES. 

Page 

Bacteria Sarawaca, W., male Borneo .'51 

Bacteria Sarawaca, TV., female Borneo 31 

Acanthoderus Quindensis, Goudot, male New Granada 57 

Acanthoderus Quindensis, G., female . . New Granada 57 

Bacteria Haita, W., male St. Domingo 25 

Bacteria Haita, Tf., female St. Domingo 25 

Anisomorpha Semele, IF., female .... Peru 19 

Lonchodes Stilpnus, TF., male India ; Java 39 

Bacteria Clinteria, JF., female South America 27 

Anisomorpha Roulinii, Goudot, male . . New Granada 17 

Anisomorpha Roulinii, Goudot, female . New Granada 17 



189 



Acanthoderus Ulula, TF., female 

Acanthoderus Otys, TF., male 

Ceroys ssevissimus, ?F., female 

Acanthoderus Oileus, TV., female? . . . . 

Acanthoderus Arispa, TF., female . . . . 

Acanthoderus Gecko, TF., male 

Acanthoderus Gecko, TF., female . . . . 

Lonchodes Bootanicus, TF., ? . . . . 

Bacillus? Artemis, TF., female 

Fig. 10. Acanthoderus Tisiphone, TF., male . . . . 
Fig. 1 1 . Acanthoderus Tisiphone, TF., female . . 



Borneo. . . 
Borneo 
Brazil . . . 

Java 

Columbia. 



Fig. 1. 
Fig. 2. 
Fig. 3. 
Fig. 4. 
Fig. 5. 
Fig. 6. 

Fig. 1. 
Fig. 2. 
Fig. 3. 
Fig. 4. 
Fig. 5. 
Fig. 6. 

Fig. 1. 
Fig. 2. 
Fig. 3. 
Fig. 4. 
Fig. 5. 



Necroscia Medora, TV., male & female . 

Bacteria ceenosa, Hope, male 

Necroscia Larunda, TT^., male 

Necroscia acanthocephala, De H., pupa . 

Platycrania Phelaus, TF., female 

Phasma guttigerum, TT'^., female 

Necroscia Euplectes, TT''., male 

Necroscia Agondas, TV., male 

Aschipasma Alexis, 77-'., female 

Lopaphus Hadrillus, TT'^., female 

Necroscia Zeusis, TV., male 

Necroscia Zeuxis, TF., female 



Creoxylus laceratus. Be H., female . . . 

Necroscia Hipponoe, TT"., female 

Necroscia Gargantua, TF., male 

Necroscia Marmessus, TF., male, var. . . 
Necroscia punctata, TF., female 



53 

54 

60 

53 

57 

Borneo 52 

Borneo 52 

India 43 

Assam 10 

Columbia 54 

Columbia 54 

Borneo 157 

Australia 33 

Borneo 140 

Borneo. . 128 

Feejee Islands 113 

Borneo 35 

Borneo 146 

Borneo 129 

Borneo 94 

Borneo 100 

Borneo 151 

Borneo, 151 

Sumatra 1 03 

Borneo 140 

Borneo 130 

Borneo 149 

East India, &c 142 



Fig. 1, Cyphocrania Jumnos, TT'., male 

Fig. 2. Heteropteryx Grayii, TT'., male 

Fig. 3. Heteropteryx Grayii, TT'., female 

XXXI. Fig. 1. Phyllium Scythe, G. i?. Gray, male .. 
Fig. 1 b. Phyllium Scythe, G. R. G., male larva . 
Fig. 1 c. Phyllium Scythe, G. R. G., male pupa . 
Fig. 2. Phyllium Scythe, G. R. G., female. . . . 



? Ill 

Borneo 82 

Borneo 82 



India 
India 
India 
India 



177 
172 
172 



190 



DESCRIPTION OF THE PLATES. 



Plate 






XXXI. 


Fig. 


3. 




Fig. 


4. 




Fig- 


5. 




Fig. 


6. 




Fig. 


7. 



XXXII. 



XXXIII. 



XXXIV 



Phyllium Athanysus, W., female 

Phy Ilium Agathyrsus ?, larva 

Phyllium siccifolium ?, female larva 
Xeroderus Kirbii, G. R. G., male . 
Xeroderus Kirbii, G. B. G., female 



Fig. 1. Palophus Centaurus, TV., female 

Fig. 2. Phasma Ega, W., female 

Fig. 3. Creoxylus Simyra, TF., male . . . 

Fig. 4. Necroscia Capito, W., male 



Ceylon. 



Fig. 5. Necroscia Sarpedon, TV., male. 



XXXV. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 




Fig. 4. 




Fig. .5. 


XXXVI. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 




Fig. 4. 


XXXVII. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 




Fig. 4. 


XXXVIII. 


Fig. 1 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 




Fig. 4. 




Fig. 5. 


XXXIX. 


Fig. I 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 




Fig. 4. 




Fig. 5. 



Fig. 1 . Pliibalosoma phyllocephalum, TV., fern. 

Fig. 2. Aschipasma Dulichia, TV., male 

Fig. 3. Phasma Salpingus, TV., female 

Fig. 4. Diapherodes Christopheri, TV., female. . 

Fig. 5. Phasma Veuilia, TV., female 

Fig. 1 . Necroscia Cercyon, TT''., male 

Fig. 2. Necroscia Lampethusa, TT^., female . . . . 

Fig. 3. Lopaphus Struthioneus, TV., female . . 

Fig. 4. Dimorphodes Prostasis, TV., male . . . . 

Fig. 5. Dimorphodes Prostasis, TV., female. . . . 



Acrophylla tessellata, G. R. Gray, male. 
Acrophylla tessellata, G. R. G., female . 
Phibalosoma Pythouius, TV., male .... 

Necroscia Sangarius, TT'., male 

Necroscia Saugarius, TT^., male, var. . . 



174 

? 171 

Ceram 171 

Australia 102 

Australia 102 

Old Calabar 91 

Brazil 120 

Borneo 103 

Borneo 135 

N. Australia 139 

Brazil 72 

Borneo , 97 

Bogota 119 

St. Kits 84 

Bogota 118 

Pvdo Penang 146 

Borneo 136 

Singapore 101 

Aru Islands 81 

Aru Islands 81 

North Australia 115 

North Australia 115 

Feejee Islands 73 

Pulo Penang 155 

Borneo 156 



South America 



90 



Pterinoxylus diiformipes, Serv., female 
Phibalosoma ceratocephalum, G. R. G., 

female Brazil 72 

Monandroptera parallela, TV., female . . Africa 80 

Xeroderus? Marchali, Sere He de France 103 

Phibalosoma Cantori, TV., male Malacca 75 

Acrophylla Salmacis, TT^., male North Australia 116 

Phibalosoma Tirachus, TV., male Malacca 75 

Necroscia Osmylus, TT^., male Borneo 135 



Phibalosoma Cantori, /F., female . 
Cyphocrania Tamyris, TV., male. . . . 
Necroscia Westermanni, TV., female 

Necroscia Phsetusa, TT\, male 

Necroscia Lampetia, TT'',, male 



Malacca 75 

Pulo Penang 110 

Pulo Penang 157 

Borneo 137 

Borneo 137 



Cyphocrania Enceladus, G. R. Gr., male Australia 108 

Cyphocrania Enceladus, G.R.G., female Australia 108 

Necroscia Lysippus, TT'., female Borneo ... 136 

Necroscia Aruana, TT'., female Aru Islands 134 

Phyllium lobiventre, female Feejee Islands 1 74 



Plate 




XL. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 




Fig. 4. 




Fig. .5. 




Fig. 6. 




Fig. 7. 




Fig. 8. 



DESCRIPTION OF THE PLATES. 

Page 

Lopaphus Ilellotis, Jf'., female Borneo 101 

Nccioscia Ismene, Jf'., male Borneo 1-15 

Nccroscia Ismene, TF., female Borneo 1-45 



191 



Pliibalosoma ApoUonius, TF., female 

Phyllium Dardanus, W., male 

Phylliiim Celebicum, male 

Acaiithoilcrus Wallacei, IF., male . . 
Acanthoderus Wallacei, TV., female 



Borneo 181 

Borneo 1 J^i 

Manilla 1/3 

Aru 181 

Am.. 181 



SUPPLEMENTAL PLATES. 



I. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 


II. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 


III. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 


IV. 




V. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 


VI. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 


VII. 


Fig. 1. 




Fig. 2. 




Fig. 3. 


VIII. 


Fig. I. 




Fig. 2. 



Acrophylla Japetus, G. R. Gray, male. . Australia 115 

Acropliylla Chronus, G. R. Gr., male. . Australia 114 

Podacantlius Typhon, G. R. Gr Australia 117 

Bacteria coenosa, Hope, female Australia 33 

Tropidoderus Childrenii, G.R.Gr., female Australia 165 

Pachymorplia squalida, Hojje Australia 15 



Australia 114 

Australia 114 

Australia 114 



Acrophylla Titan, G. R. Gr., female. . . . 

Acrophylla Japetus, G. R. Gr., female. . 
Acrophylla Chronus, G. R. Gr., female. 

Acrophylla violaSbens, G. R. Gr., male . Australia 116 

Tropidoderus Childrenii, G.R. Gr., male Austraha 165 

Australia 33 

Australia 116 



Bacteria coenosa, Hope, male 

Acrophylla violascens, G. R. Gr., female 

Bacillus brunneus, G. R. Gr Australia . 



Extatosoma tiaratum, Burm., male .... 
Extatosoma tiaratum, Burm., female . . 



Australia 1 70 

Australia 170 



ERRATA. 

Page 10, col. 2, add after the description of Bacillus Alauna, Plate XXIII. tig. 6. Tlie insect (male?). 

Page 11, col. 1, add after the description o{ Bacillus 1 Artemis, Plate XXVI. tig. 9. The female insect. 

Page 11, col. 2, add after the description o{ Bacillus Amathia, Plate XXIII. tig. !'. The female insect. 

Page 13, col. I, line 31, dele Plate VIII. tig. 2, female. 

Page 13, col. 2, dele lines 27 and 28. (See Anophelepis Periphanes.) 

Page 22, col. 2, dele the two bottom lines. 

Page 23, col. 1, line 1, dele Pkasma cornutum, and insert in its stead Bacteria Jiliformis from the end of the line. 

Page 23, col. 1, line 5, add. Small Brazil Quill Locust, Petiver, Gazoph. pi. 60. f. 2. 

Page 29, col. 2, hne 7, Plate XXIV. instead of Plate XXVI. 

Page 34, col. 2, Phasma Havoniense. See page 84, Note under Diapherodes. 

Page 91, col. 2, compare the description of the female o{ Palophus Haworthii with that of Cypliocrariial hectica, p. U)9. 

Page 132 misprinted 123. 

Page 136, col. 1, line 18, for Styxius read Stygius. 

Page 142, col. 1, add, as the locality of Neeroscia Erechtheus, Hab. Ceylon ; Boineo (Sarawak). B.M., &c. 



INDEX. 



Obs. The names printed in orrliiiary type are those of the Species ; those in small capitals, the Genera ; and those in larger 
capitals, the Family and Sectional titles. The names to which an asterisk is prefixed are Synonyms. 



Ahdul, 4. 
acauthocephala, 128. 

ACANTHODERUS, 48. 
*ACANTHODERU.'i, 62. 

*acanthomera, 80. 
acanthoptera, 147- 
Acanthopus, 74. 
Acheron, 115. 
acicularis, 184. 

ACROPHYLLA, 113. 

aeuticomis, 162. 
iEgyptiacus, 4. 
^salus, 133. 
SEstuans, 109. 
Mtolm, 27. 
affinis, 142. 
Agathyrsus, 176. 
Agondas, 129. 
Agrion, 164. 
Alauna, 10. 
Alpheus, 112. 
Amathia, 11. 
Amaurops, 43. 
ambiguum, 123. 
*angulata (Cyphocrania), 84. 
*angulata (IIa))lopus), 87. 
Anisomorpha, 16. 
aumilata, 147. 
*annulata (Phasma), 162. 
annulatiis, 14. 
annulipcs (Aschipasma), 92. 
annuhpcs (Necroscia), 160. 
Anophelepis, 68. 
*Aplopus, 85. 

ApoUonius, 74 & 181. 

APTEROPHASMINA, 3. 

Arispa, 57. 

armatum, 123. 

Artemis, 10. 

Aruana, 134. 

Arumatia, 22. 

Aschipasma, 92. 

Athanysiis, 174. 

atricoxis, 146. 

atrophica, 131. 
*aurita (Bacteria), 58, 73. 

auritus (Creoxylus), 106. 
*auritus (Acanthoderus), 56. 

austrahs (Bacillus), 12 & 179. 

australis (Eurycantha), 65. 



Bacillu.s, 3. 
*Bacillus, 15. 

Bacteria, 20. 
*Bacteri.\, 48. 
*baculns (Roesel), 22. 
*baculus (DeGeer), 122. 

Batesianum, 184. 

Baucis, 21. 

Beauvoisii, 108. 

Beecheyi, 12. 

Bennettii, 124. 

Beroe, 8. 

Berosus, 168. 

bieoniis (Bacteria), 23. 

bicoruis (Phasma), 183. 

bicornuce])s, 162. 

bicoronatus, 50. 

bicuspidatus, 87. 

bidentata, 183. 

bifoliatmn, 47. 

biguttata, 158. 

bilobatum, 175. 

bimaculata, 141. 

bioculatum (Phyllium), 175. 
*biocu!atum (Phasma), 121. 

bis bi-guttata, 149. 

bispinosus, 87. 

bituberculata (Bacteria), 180. 

bituberculatiis (Haplopus), 
88. 
*bivittatum, 17. 

Blanchardi, 159. 

Bogotensis, 17. 

Bojei, 99. 

Bootanicus, 43. 

brachypterus, 99. 
*brevicorne, 172. 

brevipennis, 162. 

brevipes, 36. 

brevis, 4. 

Briareus, 114. 

brunneus, 12. 
Bubastes, 159. 
Bufo, 51. 
buprestoides, 17. 
Burmeisteri, 151. 

Calamus, 20. 
calcarata, 20. 
canaliculatum, 103. 



Canna, 21. 

Cautori, 74. 

Capensis, 5. 

Capito, 135. 

Caprella, 76. 

Carterus, 138. 

Casignetus, 147. 

Celebicum, 173. 

Centaurus, 91. 

Cepus, 169. 

Ceramia, 141. 

ceratoccphalum ( Phibalo- 
soma), 72. 
*ceratocephalus (Cladomor- 

pha), 58. 
*ceratophyllus, 90. 

Cerberus, 19. 

Cercyon, 146. 

Ceroys, 59. 

Childrcnii, 165. 

Chilensis. 180. 

Chloris, 151. 

chlorophyllum, 173. 

chlorotica, 150. 

Christopheri, 84. 

Chronus, 114. 

cinereum, 121. 
*citrifolium, 172. 
*Cladojiorphus, 71- 
*Cladoxerus, 71- 

Clinteria. 27. 

Cneius, 124. 

Coccopbagus, 99. 

Coccyx, 6. 

coenosa, 33 

Columbiua, 62. 

Confucius, 46. 

conocephala, 117- 
*corniceps, 105. 

corniger, 104. 
*cornuta (Cyphocrania), 84.^ 
*cornutum (Phasma), 22, 23. 
cornutus (Acanthoderus), 56. 
cornutus (Prisopus), 169. 
coronata (Phasma), 183. 
eoronatus( Acanthoderus), 51. 
coi-onatus( Py girhynchus),58. 
costata, 183. 
crassa, 18. 

*Craviangense, 42. 



Creoxylus, 104. 

Crishna, 44. 

Crouanii, 14. 

crudele (Aschipasma), 96. 

crudelis (Bacteria), 24. 

crurifolium, 176. 

Cryphaleus, 78. 

Cubaense, 26. 

Cunieulus, 9. 

curtipes, 143. 

curvipes, 151. 
*cylindrica. 111. 

Cyllabacus, 45. 

Cyllaiiis, 155. 

Cyphocrania, 106. 
*Cyphocraxia,48.112,113. 

Cvphus, 24. 

Cytherea, 86. 

Dardanus, 176. 

Darnis (Aschipasma), .''7. 

Darnis (Bacillus), 8. 

Daunus, 98. 

Davidis, 77. 

De Haanii, 83. 

deplanatus, 52. 

despecta, 68. 

diacanthos, 128 & 181, 

Diacis, 105. 

Diapiierodes, 84. 
*Diapherodes, 81. 

Diapheromera, 20. 

Diardi, 76. 

Dictys, 160. 

difformipes, 90. 

dilatata, 82 & 181. 
*dilatipes, 72. 

Dimorphodes, 80. 

DiNELYTROX, 163. 

Diodes, 161. 
Ditomus, 78. 

*DlURA, 113. 

Dolomedes, 13. 
*domestica, 3. 

Donovani, 176. 
*Draco, 169. 
draconinus, 51. 
*Dracunculus (Phasma), 16", 
169. 
Dryas, 27. 

2c 



194 



INDEX. 



tlubius, 89. 
Dulichia, 97- 
Dumerilii, 62. 

*e(lule (Phasma), 86, 121. 

edulis fPlatycrania), 112. 

Ega, 120. 

elongata, 183. 

limesa, 30. 
*Empusa, 107. 

Enceladus, 108. 

Eiechtheus, 142. 

erythroptera, 148. 

Eryx, 97- 

Esacus, 132. 

Esepus, 129. 

Eucnemis, 90. 

Euplectes, 146. 

Euryalus, 144. 

EuRYCANTHA, 62. 
*EaRYCANTHA, 81. 

Euteriiinus, 56. 
Eutraclielia, 32. 
Evadne, 85. 
E.XTATOSOMA, 170. 

fasciatum, 120. 

Faiinus, 28. 

femoratum (Prisomera), 47. 
*feinoratum (Spectrum), 20. 

ferruginea, 16. 
*Ferula, 22. 

Feruloides, 45. 
*ficifolia, 172. 

filiformis (Bacteria), 22. 
*filiformis (Mantis), 3. 

iilura, 77. 

flabelliformis, 166, 167. 

Havomaculata (Anisomor- 
pha), 19. 

flavomaculatum (Phasma), 
123. 

foliacea, 26. 
*toliatus, 172. 
*foliopeda, 47- 

Forstenii, 93. 
*fragilis, 33. 

fmnata, 131. 

fusco-anmilata, 131. 

Gadarama, 130. 

galacpterus, 100. 
*gallicum, 4. 

Gambrisius, 118. 

Gargantua, 130. 

Gecko, 52. 

Gelomis, 175. 

geniculatus, 37- 
*gcniculosum, 37. 

Geryon, 174. 

gibbosa (Monaudroptera?), 
80. 
*gibbosa (Craspedonia), 80. 
*gigantea, 84. 

Gigas (Cyphocrania), 106. 

gigas (Diapherodes), 84. 
*a;igas. Pal. (Cyphocrania'l, 

■' 108. 
*gigas (Mantis), 1 1 2. 

glabricollis, 88. 

Goliath, 107. 
*Gorgon, 172. 

Gorgus, 102. 



gracile (Phibalosoma), 77. 
gracilipes, 5. 

gracilis, G.R.G.( Bacillus), 12. 
♦gracilis. Barm. (Bacillus), 4. 
gracilis (Bacteria), 28. 
graciosa. 111. 
grandis, 183. 
graniferum, 35. 
grauulatus, 4. 
granulicoUis, 26. 
Grayi (Pachyoiorpba), 182. 
Gra'vii (lIi-fcTopteryx), 82. 
GivnoiiU's, 163. 
Gui'iiiiii, 170. 
gularis, 158. 
guttigerum, 35. 

Hadrillus, 100. 

ha;matoraus, 39. 

llaita, 25. 

Haflopus, 85. 
*Hai>lopus, 89. 

hastata, 23 & 179. 

Havaniense, 35. 

Haworthii (Palophus), 90 & 
109. 

hectica, 109. 

Hellotis, 101. 

helvolum, 119. 

Hemus, 154. 

Heteropteryx, 81. 

liiL'ro'_'lv])hK'us, 92. 

Ilippolvti'. 1S2. 

Ilippoilax, 163. 

riipponoe, 140. 

histrinus, 60. 

Ilookeri, 14. 

Ilopoi (Phasma), 117. 
*Hopei (Extatosoma), 171- 

horrida (Eurycantha), 63. 

horridus (Acanthoderus), 49. 

horridus (Prisopus), 168. 

Horstokkii, 168. 

humilis, 7. 

Hypharpax, 75. 

Hyphereon, 9. 

Ilystriculea, 16. 

ignavus, 61 . 
incertus, 169. 
Indicus, 7. 
inermis, 183. 
*inflexipes, 151. 
infiimatum, 98. 
inuncans, 79. 
lolas, 145. 
Iphiclus, 58. 
Ismene, 145. 

Jamaicensis (Ilaplopns), 86. 
*Jamaicensis (Phasma), 112. 
Japetus, 114. 
Japonicus, 50. 
Javanus, 7- 
Jumnos, 111. 

*Karabidion, 62. 
Keratosqueleton, 24. 
Kirbii, 102. 

labiata, 183. 
laeeratus, 105. 
lacertinus, 49. 



Lampethusa, 136. 

Lampetia, 1.3(). 

Laruuda, 140. 

laterale, 122. 
*latipes, 47. 

Le Peletierii, 72. 
*lichenale, 162. 

Ligia, 89. 

linearis (Bacteria), 24. 
♦linearis (Mantis), 103. 
♦linearis (Phasma), 147. 

lineata (Bacteria), 30. 
*lineatum (Phasma), 119. 

lineolatum, 120. 
♦LiNOCERUS, 3. 

lobipes, 4. 
lobiventre, 174. 
LONCHODES, 36. 
longicorne, 77. 
longipennis, 182. 
longipes, 78. 
longiscaphum, .5. 
LopAPHUS, 99. 
Loxopsis, 117. 
lugens, 183. 
luteoviridis, 38. 
Lysippus, 136. 

Maeklottii, 100. 

MacLeaii, 115. 

maculata (Cyi)hocrauia),lll. 

maculatum (Phasma), 122. 

raaculicoUis, 155. 

Makassarinus, 179. 

Mancinus, 144. 

mauicatus, 103. 

Marchali, 103. 

marginata, 148. 
♦marginipennis, 114. 

Mannessus, 149. 

Medora, 157. 

Meneptolemus, 141. 

Menius, 118. 

Merismus, 164. 

Mesoplatus, 51. 

Metriotes, 158. 

Mexicana, 25. 

micrantha, 64. 

micropterus, 87. 

Mimas, 55. 
*minans, 131. 

MoUta, 29. 

Molorcha, 29. 

MoN.\NDROPTEKA, 79. 

Mozambicus, 1/9. 
Mijlleri, 82. 
multispinosus, 59. 
muricata, 23 & 1 79. 
Myrina, 38. 
Myrsilus, 160. 

♦naevium, 111. 

Natalis, 6. 

nebnlosum, 93. 

Necroscia, 128. 
*Necydaloides (Cyphocrania), 
111. 

Necydaloides (Phasma), 120. 

Nematodes, 42. 

nigroannulata, 131. 

nigrofasciata, 168. 

Niponensis, 46. 

nodosus, 37. 



Noli me tangere, 50. 
*Nympha (Phasma), 7 ■ 
*Nympha (Prisopus), lli9. 

obscura, 160. 
Ohrtmanni, 167. 
Oileus, 53. 
olivacea, 65. 
Omphale, 16. 
♦ornatum, 119. 
Oryx, 56. 
Osiris, 115. 
Osmylus, 135. 
Otys, 54. 

Pachymorpha, 15. 
Palinurus, 135. 
Palophus, 90. 
Pansetius, 144. 
Pandora, 93. 
parallela, 80. 
pardalina, 18. 
Paromalus, 17. 
Pasimachus, 109. 
Passalus, 132. 
Paxillus, 127. 
Peleus (Aschipasma), 9(). 
*Peleus (Aschipasma), 99. 
perfoliatus, 59. 
Peridromes, 13. 
Peripha)ies, 70. 
Peristhenes, 13. 
*Perlamorpha, 92. 
perspicillare, 117. 
Pfeifferae, 44. 
Phacellus, 169. 
PhjEtusa, 137. 
Phantasma, 126. 
Phasma, 34, 117. 
♦Phasma, 1, 128, 158. 

PHASMIDJi, 1. 
♦PHaSMINA, 1. 
♦PHASMODEA, 1. 
Phelaus, 112. 
Phibalosoma, 71. 
Phlegyas, 125. 
Pholcus, 122 & 181. 
Phohdotus, 143. 
♦phthisicus, 121. 
♦phyllinus, 72. 
Phyllium, 171. 
phyllocephalum, 58 & 73. 
phyllopoda, 180. 
Phyllopus, De H. (Acantho- 
derus), 50. 
♦phyllopus (Prisomera), 26. 
♦phyllopus, G. R. Gr. (Priso- 
mera), 180. 
Pirithous, 134. 
planulum, 34. 
♦Platycrana, 128, 158. 
I Platycrania, 112. 
I ♦Platytelus, 166. 
I ♦plocaria, 3. 
Ploiaria, 79. 
Podacanthus, 116. 
Porus, 42. 
Praon, 4 1 . 

prasinum (Phasma), 121. 
prasinus (Acanthoderus), 49. 
Prisomera, 47. 
Prisopus, 166. 
Prostasis, 81. 



INDEX. 



195 



Pseudoponis, 42. 

Pterinoxylus, 89. 
*pterodactvliis, 36. 

PTEROPHASMINA, 6?. 
*Ptebopus, 171. 

pulchella, 152. 

pulehrifolium, 177. 

pulvenilentus, 88. 

Pumilio, 80. 

punctata, 142. 

punctipes, 110. 

Puppeius, 125. 

Pygirhynchus, 58. 

Pythonius, 73. 

quadriguttata, 148. 
Quindensis, 57. 

Rabdota, 61. 

Rafflesii, 149. 

ranaiius, 53. 

Regulus, S. 

Reiuvvardtii, IO7. 

Reuiphan, 22. 

reticulata ( Cypbocrania), 108. 
'reticulata (Phasma), 159. 

Rhaphiderus, 62. 
•Rhaphiderus, 48. 

Rbipheus, 70. 

rosariiis, 56. 

rosea, 148. 
*roseipennis (Diura), 116. 

roseipennis (Necroscia), 151. 

Rossii (Bacillus), 3. 
•Rossius (Bacillus), 4. 

Rouliuii, 1 17. 

rubicmida, 148. 

rubispiuosa, 30. 

rugicolUs, 162. 

•sacrata, 167. 
saevissimus, 60. 
Salmacis, 116. 
Salmanazar, 133. 
Salpingus, 119. 
Samouellii, 33. 



Samsoo, 132. 

Sangarius, 155. 

Santaia, 159. 

Saravvaea, 31. 
•sarmentosa, 46. 

Sarpedou, 139. 

Sayi, 20. 

scabricoUis, 88. 

scabrosus (Rbaphiderus), 62. 
•scabrosus, Burm. (Acantbo- 

derus), 56. 
*Sceleton, 23. 

Scorpionides, 64. 

Scythe, 177. 

Seytbrus, 68. 

Semele, 19. 

semiarmatus, 50. 

senatipes, 75. 
*serricollis, 80. 

Servilleanum, 98. 

Servillei (Acantboderus), 58. 

Sen'illei (Bacteria), 182. 

Servillei (Metriotes), 162. 

Sbiva, 32. 

Shuckai-di, 163. 

siccifolium, 172. 

simplex, 23. 

simplicipes, 15. 

simplicitarsis, 21. 

Simyra, 105. 

Sipylus, 138. 

Soranus, 127. 

sordida, 132. 

Soucbongia, 11. 

Sparaxes, 153. 

spatulata, 26, 179 & 180. 
•SPECTRA, 1. 

spiniceps (Necroscia), 128. 

spiniceps (Prisopus), 167. 

spiuicolle (Phasma), 123. 

spinicolle ( Prisomei-a), 47- 
*spinicollis (Prisopus), 167. 
*spinicollis (Ctenomorphal, 
115. 

spiniger, 48. 

spinipes, 87. 



*spinosa, B«n«.t Bacteria), 27. 
*spiuosum, G. R. Gi-ity (Bac- 
teria), 56. 

spinosus (Acantboderus), 48. 

spinosus (Creoxylus), 104. 

squalida, 15. 

Stabilinus, 124. 

Steira, 40. 

Stellenboscbus, 5. 

Stilpnus, 39. 

StoUii, 159. 

Stompbax, 38. 

striata, 28 & 180. 

strigiventris, 28. 

Strutbioneus, 101. 

Stygius, 136. 

subfoliatus, 58. 
*Sumatranum, 37. 

Systropedou, 44. 

Tages, 152. 

Tamyris, 110. 

Taprobanae, 41. 

Telesphorus, 69. 

tenuis (Bacteria), 31. 
♦tenuis (Bacteria), 33. 

tessellata (Acrophylla), 115. 
*tessulata (Mantis), 121. 

Tbestylis, 29. 

tiaratum, 170. 

Tirachus, 75. 

Tisiphone, 54. 

Titan, 114. 

Titbonus, 119. 

Toliina, 56. 

Tranquebaricus, 7- 

tridens, 27. 

trigona, 183. 
*Trigonoderus, 165. 

Tripolitanus, 4. 

TroUius, 40. 

Trophinus, 30. 

Tropidoderus, 165. 
*Tropidoderus, 170. 

turgida, 28. 
*Typboeus, 166. 



Typhon, 117. 
Tyrrbieus, 64. 

Ulula, 53. 

Umbretta, 147- 

undulata, t^O. 

unicolor (Phasma), 125. 
•unicolor (Anisomorpha), 17- 
•unicolor (Podacanthus), 117- 

uniformis, 37. 

Valgius, 126. 
•valgum, 151. 

variegatum, 121. 

VenUia, 118. 

venosa, 161. 

venustula, 84. 
•vermicularis, 17. 

verrucosum, 48. 
•versifasciata, IO7. 
•versirubra, 107. 

vigilans, 56. 

vinosa, 147. 

violascens, 116. 

Virbius, 154. 

virgeus, 46. 
•viridaua, 112. 

viridi-roseus, 117. 

viridis (Bacteria), 32. 

viridis (Tropidoderus), 16(>. 
♦viridis (Mantis), 112. 
♦viridis, Burm. (Bacteria), 28. 

vittata (Anopbelepis), 69. 

vittata (Necroscia), 150. 

Wallacei, 181. 
Westermanni, 157. 

•xantbomela, 122. 

Xeroderus, 102. 
♦Xeroderus, 104. 

Xerosoma, 103. 

Xiphias, 71- 

Zenxis, 151. 
Zymbrseus, 163. 



PRINTED BY T.\YLOR A.VD FRANCIS, RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



X. 







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km. 




7.1 V 




x\: 




XV : 




XVII. 




XVUE. 




XIX. 




XX. 





{ 



xxn. 




XXIV. 




xxv: 




4 



XXVI 




XXVIl. 




XAvin. 




XXIX. 





4 



XXXJ. 




XXXI 1. 




XXXllI 




XXX IV. 




XXXV. 




xxx\n. 




XXXV 11. 




XXXVIII. 




IXXIX. 





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'«:: 




rj.i/t: I'll 




1970 



3Jj British i-hiseum (Natural History) 
508 Catalogue of orthopterous 
P5B3 insects 



BioMed 



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CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 

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